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provender never hindered any man's jour- from the plough. Wine wears no breeches. ney. There is a fig at Rome for him who The hole in the wall invites the thief. A gives another advice before he asks it. He wise man doth not hang his wisdom on a who is not more, or better than another, peg. A man's love and his belief are seen deserves not more than another. He who by what he does. A covetous man makes a hath no wisdom hath no worth. 'Tis bet- half-penny of a farthing, and a liberal man ter to be a wise than a rich man. Because makes fix-pence of it. In December keep I wouid live quietly in the world, I hear, yourself warm and sleep. He who will reand fee, and say nothing. Meddle not be- venge every affront, means not to live long. tween two brothers. The dead and the Keep your money, niggard, live miserably absent have no friends left them. Who is that your heir may iquander it away. In the true gentleman, or nobleman? He war, hunting, and love, you have a thou. whose actions make him so. Do well to fand sorrows for every joy or pleasure. Howhom you will; do any man harm, and nour and profit will not keep both in one look to yourself. Good courage breaks ill fack. The anger of brothers is the anges luck to pieces. Great poverty is no fault of devils. A mule and a woman do beit or baseness, but some inconvenience. The by fair means. A very great beauty is hard-hearted man gives more than he who either a fool or proud. Look upon a picture has nothing at all. Let us not fall out, to and a battle at a good distance. A great deal give the devil a dinner. Truths too fine is ill wasted, and a little would do as well. ipun are subtle fooleries. If you would An estate well got is spent, and that which always have money, keep it when you have is ill got destroys its master too. That it. Í suspect that ill in others which I which is bought cheap

, is the deareit. 'Tis know by myself. Sly knavery is too more trouble to do ill than to do well. hard for honest wisdom. He who resolves The husband must not fee, and the wife must to amend hath God on his fide. Hell be blind. While the tall maid is stoopis crowded up with ungrateful wretches. ing the little one hath swept the houle. Think of yourself, and let me alone. He Neither so fair as to kill, nor so ugly can never enjoy himself one day who fears to fright a man. May no greater he may die at night. He who hath done ill befal you than to have many chilill once, will do it again. No evil hap. dren, and but a little bread for them. Let pens to us but what may do us good. If nothing affright you but fin. I am no I have broke my leg, who knows but 'tis river, but can go back when there is rea. best for me. The more honour we have, son for it. Do not make me kiss, and the more we thirst after it. If you would you will not make me sin. Vain-glory be pope, you must think of nothing else. is a flower which never comes to fruit. Make the night night, and the day day, The absent are always in the fault. A and you will be merry and wise. He great good was never got with a little who eats most cats leait. If you would pains. Sloth is the key to let in beggary. live in health be old betimes. I will go I left him I knew, for him who was highly warm, and let fools laugh on. Chuse your praised, and I found reason to repent it. wife on

a Saturday, not on a Sunday. Do not say I will never drink of this Drinking water neither makes a man fick water, however dirty it is. He who trifles nor in debt, nor his wife a widow. No away his time, perceives not death which pottage is good without bacon, no sermon stands upon his shoulders. He who spits without St. Augustin. Have many ac- against heaven, it falls upon his face. He quaintance, and but a few friends. A who stumbles, and falls not, mends bis wondrous fair woman is not all her hus- pace. He who is fick of folly recovers band's own. He who marries a widow, late or never.

He who hath a mouth of will have a dead man's head often thrown in his own Mould not bid another man blow. his dish. Away goes the devil when he finds He who hath no ill fortune is tired out the door fut againit him. 'Tis great with good. He who depends wholly opon courage to suffer, and great wisdom to hear another's providing for him, hath but an patiently. Doing what I ought fecures ill breakfast, and a worse fupper. A me against all censures. I wept when I chearful look, and forgiveness, is the beft was born, and every day shews why. revenge of an affront. The request of a Experience and wisdom are the two best grandee is a kind of force upon a man. I fortune-tellers. The best soldier comes am always for the strongest fide. If folly



Jive on.

were pain, we should have great crying who strives to make you good, than he out in every house. Serve a great man, who strives to please you. You know not and you will know what forrow is. Make what may happen, is the hope of fools. no absolute promises, for nobody will help Sleep makes every man as great and rich you to perform them. Every man is a as the greatest. Follow, but do not run fool in another man's opinion. Wisdom after good fortune. Anger is the weakcomes after a long course of years. Good ness of the understanding. Great posts fortune comes to him who takes care to and offices are like ivy on the wall, which get her. They have a fig at Rome for makes it look fine, but ruins it. Make no him who refuses any thing that is given great haste to be angry; for if there be ochim. One love drives out another. Kings cafion, you will have time enough for it. go as far as they are able, not so far as Riches, which all applaud, the owner feels they desire to go. So play fools--I must the weight or care of. A competency love you, and you love fomebody else. He leaves you wholly at your disposal. Riches who thinks what he is to do, must think make men worse in their latter days. He what he Mould say too. A mischief may is the only rich man who understands the happen which will do me (or make me) use of wealth. He is a great fool who good. Threatened men eat bread ftill, i. é. squanders rather than doth good with his

Get but a good name and you estate. To heap fresh kindnesses upon unmay lie in bed. Truth is the child of grateful men, is the wiseft, but withal the God. He who hath an ill cause, let him most cruel revenge. The fool's pleasures fell it cheap. A wise man never says, I cost him very dear. Contempt of a man did not think of that. Respect a good is the larpeit reproof. Wit without disman that he may respect you, and be cretion is a sword in the hand of a fool. civil to an ill man that he may not affront Other virtues without prudence are a blind you. A wise man only knows when to beauty. Neither enquire after, nor heat change his mind. The wife's counsel is of, nor take notice of the faults of others not worth much, but he who takes it not is when you see them. Years pass not over a fool. When two friends have a com- men's heads for nothing. An halter will mon purse, one sings and the other weeps. sooner come without taking any care about I lost my reputation by speaking ill of it, than a canonry. If all asles wore others, and being worse spoken of. He packfaddles, what a good trade would the who loves you will make you weep, and packsadlers have. The usual forms of who hates you may make you laugh. civility oblige no man.

There is no more Good deeds' live and flourish when ail faithful nor pleasant friend than a good other things are at an end. At the end of book. He who loves to employ himself life La Gloria is sung. By yielding you well can never want something to do. A make all your friends; but if you will tell thousand things are well forgot for peace all the truth you know, you will have your and quietness sake. A wise man avoids head broke. Since you know every thing, all occasions of being angry. A wise man and I know nothing, pray tell me what I aims at nothing which is out of his reach. dreamed this morning. Your looking

Your looking. Neither great poverty nor great riches glass will tell you what none of your friends will hear reason. A good man hath ever will. The clown was angry, and he paid good luck. No pleasure is a better pennydear for it. If you are vexed or angry, worth than that which virtue yields. No, you will have two troubles instead of one. old age is agreeable but that of a wife The last year was ever better than the pre- man. A man's wisdom is no where more fent. That wound that was never given seen than in his marrying himfelf. Folly is best cured of any other. AMictions teach and anger are but two names for the same. much, but they are a hard cruel mafier. thing. Fortune knocks once at least at Improve rather by other men's errors, than every one's door. The father's virtue is find fault with them. Since you can bear the best inheritance a child can have. No with your own, bear with other men's fail- fensual pleafare ever lafted so much as for. ings too. Men lay out all their under- a whole hour. Riches and virtue do not standing in studying to know one another, often keep one another company. Ruling and so no man knows himself. The ap- one's anger well, is not so good as preplause of the mob or multitude is but a venting it. The most useful learning in poor comfort. Truths and roses have the world is that which teaches us how to ihorns about them. He loves you better die well. The best men come worse out of company than they went into it. The river. He who hath a handfome wife, or most mixed or allayed joy is that men take a castle on the frontier, or a vineyard in their children. Find money and mar- near the highway, never wants a quarrel. riage to rid yourself of an ill daughter. Never deceive your physician, your conThere is no better advice than to look al. feffor, nor your lawyer. Make a bridge ways at the issue of things. Compare of liiver for a flying enemy. Never trust your griefs with other men's, and they him whom you have wronged. Seek for will seem less. Owe money to be paid at good, and be ready for evil

company. 4.

. What you Easter, and Lent will seem short to you. can do alone by yourself, expect not from He who only returns home, doth not run another. Idleness in youth makes way away. He can do nothing well who is at for a painful and miserable old age. He enmity with his God. Many avoid others who pretends to be every body's particu. because they see not and know not them- lar friend is nobody's. Consider well befelves. God is always opening his hand fore you tie that knot you never can undo.

Let us be friends, and put out the Neither praise nor dispraise any before you devil's eye. 'Tis true there are many know them. A prodigal son fucceeds a very good wives, but they are under covetous father. He is fool enough himground. Talking very much, and lying, self who will bray against another afs. are cousin-germans. With all your learn- Though old and wise, yet itill advile. ing be sure to know yourself. One error Happy is he that mends of himself, withbreeds twenty more. I will never jest with out the help of others. A wile man my eye nor with my religion. Do what knows his own ignorance, a fool thinks he you have to do just now, and leave it not knows every thing. What you eat yourfor to-morrow, II tongues should have self never gains you a friend. Great a pair of scifors. Huge long hair, and house-keeping makes but a poor will. very little brains. Speak little, hear much, Fair words and foul deeds deceive wife and you will seldom be much out. Give men as well as fools. Eating too well at me a virtuous woman, and I will make first makes men eat ill afterwards. Les her a fine woman. He who trusts nobody him speak who received, let the giver is never deceived. Drink water like an hold his peace. An house built by a man's ox, wine like a king of Spain. I am not father, and a vineyard planted by his forry that my son loses his money, but grandfather. A dapple-grey horse will that he will have his revenge, and play die sooner than tire. No woman is ugly on still. My mother bid me be confident, when she is dressed. The best remedy but lay no wagers. A goou fire is one against an evil man is to keep at a good half of a man's life. . Covetousness breaks distance from him. A man's folly is seen the fack; i, e. lofes a great deal. That by his singing, his playing, and riding full meat relishes beit which cofts a man no- speed. Buying a thing too dear is no thing. The ass bears his load, but not an bounty. Buy at a fair, and sell at home. over-load. He who eats his cock alone, Keep aloof (rom all quarrels, be neither a muit catch his horse so too. He who witness nor party. God doth us more and makes more of you than he used to do, more good every hour of our lives. An either would cheat you or necds you. ill blow, or an ill word, is all you will get He that would avoid the fin, must avoid from a fool. He who lies long in bed his the occasion of it. Keep yourself from estate pays for it. Consider well of a bathe anger of a great man, from a tumult finess, and dispatch it quickly. He who of the mob, from fools in a narrow way, hath children bath neither kindred nor from a man that is marked, from a widow friends. May I have a dispute with a that hath been thrice married, from wind wise man, if with any, He who hath loft that comes in at a hole, and from a re- mame is loft to all virtue. Being in love conciled enemy. One ounce of mirth is brings no reputation to any man, but vexworth more than ten thousand weight of ation to all. Giving to the poor leiers melancholy. A contented mind is a great no man's store. He who is idle is always gift of God. He that would cheat the wanting somewhat. Evil comes to us by devil muft rise early in the morning. ells, and goes away by inches. He whole Every fool is in love with his own bauble. house is tiled with glass must not throw Every ill man will have an ill time. Keep stones at his neighbours. The man is fire, your sword between you and the strength the woman tow, and the devil comes to of a clown. Be ye lait to go over a deep. blow the coals. He who doth pot too's

to us,



forward, finds himself behind other men. for a by-path, thinks to save ground, and The love of God prevails for ever, all he loses it. He who serves the public other things come to nothing. He who obliges nobody. He who keeps his first is to give an account of himself and others, innocency escapes a thousand sins. He must know both himself and them. A who abandons his poor kindred, God forman's love and his faith appear by his fakes him. He who is not handsome at works or deeds. In all contention put twenty, nor strong at thirty, nor rich at a bridle upon your tongue. In a great frost forty, nor wise at fifty, will never be handa nail is worth a horse. I went a fool to fome, strong, rich, nor wise. He who rethe court, and came back an ass. Keep solves on the sudden, repents at leisure. He money when you are young, that you may who rises late loses his



prohave it when you are old. Speak but lit. vides not well for his house. He who tle, and to the purpose, and you will pass peeps through a hole may see what will for somebody. If you do evil, expect to vex him. He who amends his faults puts suffer evil. Sell cheap, and you will sell himself under God's protection. He who as much as four others. An ill child is loves well fees things at a distance. He better sick than well. He who rises early who hath servants hath enemies which he in the morning hath somewhat in his head. cannot well be without. He who pays his The gallows will have its own at laft. A debis begins to make a stock. He who lye hath no legs. Women, wind, and for- gives all before he dies will need a great tune, are ever changing. Fools and wil. deal of patience. He who said nothing ful men make the lawyers great. Never had the better of it, and had what he defign a writing till you have read it, nor fired. He who sleeps much gets but little drink water till you have seen it. Nei- learning. He who fins like a fool, like a ther is any barber dumb, nor any songster fool goes to hell. If you would have your very wise. Neither give to all, nor con- business well done, do it yourself. 'Tis tend with fools. Do no ill, and fear no the wise man only who is content with harm. He doth something who fets his what he hath. Delay is odious, but it house on fire; he scares away the rats, and makes things more sure. He is always warms himself. I sell nothing on trust till safe who knows himself well. to-morrow. [Written over the shop doors.] wife by obeying commands in her turn. The common people pardon no fault in Not to have a mind to do well, and to put any man.

The fidler of the same town it off at the present, are much the same. never plays well at their feast. Either Italy to be born in, France to live in, and rich, or hanged in the attempt. The feast Spain to die in. He loses the good of his is over, but here is the fool till. To di- afflictions who is not the better for them. vide as brothers use to do: that which is 'Tis the most dangerous vice which looks mine is all my own, that which is yours I like virtue. 'Tis great wisdom to forget go halves in. There will be no money got all the injuries we may receive. Profpeby losing your time. He will soon be a rity is the thing in the world we ought to loft man himself who keeps such men com- trust the least. Experience without learn. pany. By courtesies done to the meanest ing does more good than learning without men, you get much more than you can experience. Virtue is the best patrimony lose. Trouble not yourself about news, for children to inherit. 'Tis much more · it will soon grow ftale and you will have painful to live ill than to live well. An it. That which is well said, is said soon hearty good-will never wants time to shew enough. When the devil goes to his itself. To have done well obliges us to prayers he means to cheat you. When do so ftill. He hath a great opinion of you meet with a fool, pretend business to himself who makes no comparison with get rid of him. Sell him for an ass at a others. He only is rich enough who hath fair, who talks much and knows little. all that he desires. The best way of inHe who buys and sells doth not feel what struction is to practise that which we teach he spends. He who ploughs his land, and others. 'Tis but a little narrow soul which breeds cattle, spins gold. He who will earthly things can please. The reason yenture nothing must never get on horse- why parents love the younger children back. He who goes far from home for a beli, is because they have so little hopes wife, either means to cheat, or will be that the elder will do well. The dearest cheated. He who fows his land, trusts child of all is that which is dead. He in God. He who leaves the great road who is about to marry hould consider


A good

how it is with his neighbours. There is a tified by an incident I am going to relate to much shorter cut from virtue to vice, than you. I stopped my horse, lately, where a from vice to virtue. He is the happy man, great number of people were collected at not whom other men think, but who thinks an auction of merchants goods. The hour himself to be so. Of sinful pleasures re- of the fale not being come, they were con. pentance only remains. He who hath versing on the badness of the times; and much wants still more, and then more. one of the company called to a plain, The less a man sleeps the more he lives. clean old man, with white locks, · Pray, He can never speak well who knows not father Abraham, what think you of the when to hold his peace. The trueft con- times. Will not those heavy taxes quite tent is that which no man can deprive you ruin the country? how shall we be ever of. The remembrance of wise and good able to pay them? What would you advise men instructs as well as their presence. us to :'-Father Abraham stood up, and 'Tis wisdom, in a doubtful case, rather replied, . If you would have my advice, I to take another man’s judgment than will give it you in Mort; “ for a word to our own. Wealth betrays the best re- the wife is enough,” as poor Richard says' folved mind into one vice or other. We They joined in defiring him to speak his are usually the best men when we are mind, and gathering round him, he proworst in health. Learning is wealth to the ceeded as follows * : poor, an honour to the rich, and a support • Friends,' says he, the taxes are, indeed, and comfort to old age. Learning pro- very heavy; and, if those laid on by the cures respect to good fortune, and helps government were the only ones we had to out the bad. The master makes the house pay, we might more easily discharge them; to be respected, not the house the master. but we have many others, and much more The short and sure way to reputation, is grievous to some of us. We are taxed to take care to be in truth what we would twice as much by our idleness, three times have others think us to be. A good re- as much by our pride, and four times as putation is a second, or half an estate. much by our folly; and from these taxes He is the better man who comes nearest the commissioners cannot ease or deliver to the best. A wrong judgment of things us by allowing an abatement. However, is the most mischievous thing in the world. let us hearken to good advice, and some. The neglect or contempt of riches makes thing may be done for us; ~ God helps a man more truly great than the poffeffion them that help themselves," as Poor Richof them. That only is true honour which ard says. he gives who deserves it himself. Beauty I. ' It would be thought a hard govern. and chastity have always a mortal quarrel ment that should tax its people one-tenth between them. Look always upon life, part of their time to be employed in its and use it as a thing that is lent you. service: but idleness taxes many of us much Civil offers are for all men, and good more; sloth, by bringing on diseases, aboffices for our friends. Nothing in the folutely shortens life. • Sloth, like ruft, world is stronger than a man but his own consumes faster than labour wears, while pasions. When a man comes into trou- the used key is always bright," as Poor bles, money is one of his best friends. Richard says." But doft thou love life, He only is the great learned man who then do not squander time, for that is the knows enough to make him live well. ftuff life is made of,” as Poor Richard says. An empty purse and a new house finished - How much more than is necessary do we make a man wife, but 'tis somewhat too late.

* Dr. Franklin, wishing to collect into one § 154. The Way to Wealth, as clearly shewn which he had dropped in the course of publishing

piece all the sayings upon the following subjects, in the Preface of an old Pennsylvanian the Almanacks called Poor Richard, introduces Almanack, intitled, Poor Richard im- father Abraham for this porpose. Hence it is, proved.Written by Dr. Benjamin that Poor Richard is so often quoted, and that, in

the present title, he is said to be improved.-Noi. Franklin.

withstanding the stroke of humour in the conclude Courteous Reader,

ing paragraph of this address, Poor Richard (SaunI have heard, that nothing gives an au- ders) and father Abraham have proved, in Amethor so great pleafure, as to find his works, Thall we, brother Englithmen, refuse good fense respectfully quoted by others. Judge, and saving knowledge, because it comes from the then, how much I must have been gra- other side of the water i


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