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grew fend of a placknuck ? for such it evince that I could not possibly do. One seems he took me to be, as I lay upon my of these virtuofi seemed to think that I breast in her majesty's right hand. But might be an embryo, or abərtive birth. this princess, who hath an infinite deal of But this opinion was rejected by the other wit and humour, set me gently on my feet two, who observed my limbs to be perfect upon the scrutore, and commanded me to and finished, and that I had lived several give his majesty an account of myself, years, as it was manifest from my beard, which I did in a very few words; and the stumps whereof they plainly discovered Glumdalclitch, who attended at the cabi- through a magnifying glass. 'They would net door, and could not endure I should be not allow me to be a dwarf, because my out of her sight, being admitted, confirm- littleness was beyond all degrees of comed all that had passed from my arrival at parison ; for the queen's favourite dwarf, her father's house.
the smalleit ever known in that kingdom, The king, although he be as learned a was near thirty feet high. After much deperson as any in his dominions, had been bate they concluded unanimously, that I educated in the study of philosophy, and
was only relplum fcalcath, which is interparticularly mathematics ; yet when he ob- preted literally lujus naturæ; a determina. served my shape exactly, and saw me walk tion exactly agreeable to the modern philoerect, before I began to speak, conceived fophy of Europe, whose profeffors, disI might be a piece of clock-work (which daining the old evafion of occult caules, is in that country arrived to a very great whereby the followers of Aristotle endeaperfection) contrived by some ingenious youred in vain to disguise their ignorance, artist. But when he heard my voice, and have invented this wonderful solution of all found what I delivered to be regular and difficulties, to the unspeakable advance. rational, he could not conceal his astonish- ment of human knowledge. ment. He was by no means satisfied with After this decisive conclusion, I intreated the relation I gave him of the manner I to be heard a word or two. I applied mycame into his kingdom, but thought it a self to the king, and assured his majesty story concerted between Glumdalclitch and that I came from a country which aboundher father, who had taught me a set of ed with several millions of both sexes, and words to make me fell at a better price: of my own ftature; where the animals, Upon this imagination he put several other trees, and houses were all in proportion, questions to me, and still received rational and where by consequence I might be as answers, no otherwise defective than by a
able to defend myself, and to find futte. foreign accent, and an imperfect know. nance, as any of his majelty's fubjects ledge in the language, with some rustic could do here; which I took for a full anphrases which I had learned at the far- swer to those gentlemen’s arguments. To mer's house, and did not suit the polite this they only replied with a smile of constyle of a court.
tempt, saying, that the farmer had inHis inajesty sent for three great scholars, stručled me very well in my leffon +. The who were then in their weekly waiting king, who had a much better understandaccording to the cuslom in that country. ing, dismissing his learned men, sent for the These gentlemen, after they had a while farmer, who by good fortune was not yet examined my shape with much nicety, gone out of town: having therefore firit were of different opinions concerning me. examined him privately, and then confrontThey all agreed, that I could not be pro- ed him with me and the young girl, his duced according to the regular laws of na- majetty began to think that what we told ture, because I was not framed with a ca- him might possibly be true. He desired pacity of preserving my life either by swiftness, or climbing of trees, or digging holes By this reasoning the author probohly is. in the earth. They observed by iny teeth, cendeu to ridicule the pride of those philosophers, which they viewed with great exactness,
who have thought fit to arraign the wildum of that I was a carnivorous animal; yet most world: whose cavils are specious, like those of the
providence in the creation and gorernment of the quadrupeds being an over-match for me, Brobdingnagian sages, only in proportion to the and field mice with some others too nim- ignorance of those to whom they are proposed. ble, they could not imagine how I should be able to support myielf, unless I fed
+ This satire is levelled against all, who re,eft upon snails and other infects, which they count, notwithftanding the absurdity of rejectics
those facts for which they cannot perfectly a. offered, by many learned arguments, to the testimony by which they are supported.
the queen to order that particular care to aslift and take care of me. I had an Mould be taken of me, and was of opinion entire set of silver dishes and plates, and that Glumdalclitch should fill continue in other necessaries, which, in proportion to her office of tending me, because he ob- those of the queen, were not much bigger Served we had a great affection for each than what I have seen in a London toyother. A convenient apartment was pro- hop, for the furniture of a baby-houle: vided for her at court; she had a sort of these my little nurse kept in her pocket in governess appointed to take care of her a silver box, and gave me at meals as I education, a maid to dress her, and two wanted them, always cleaning them herself. other servants for menial offices; but the No person dined with the queen but the care of me was wholly appropriated to two princesses royal, the elder fixteen years berself. The queen commanded her own old, and the younger at that time thirteen cabinet maker to contrive a box, that might and a month. Her majesty used to put a serve me for a bed-chamber, after the mo- bit of meat upon one of my dishes, out of del that Glomdalclitch and I should agree which I carved for myself; and her diverupon. This man was a moft ingenious fion was to see me eat in minature. For artist, and, according to my directions, in the queen (who had indeed but a weak three weeks finished for me a wooden stomach) took up at one mouthful as much chamber of fixteen feet square, and twelve as a dozen English farmers could eat at a high, with fash-windows, a door, and two meal, which to me was for some time a closets, like a London bed-chamber. The very nauseous sight *. She would craunch board that made the ceiling was to be lift- the wing of a lark, bones and all, between ed up and down by two hinges to put in a her teeth, although it were nine times as bed ready furnished by her majesty's up- large as that of a full grown turkey; and holsterer, which Glumdalclitch took out put a bit of bread in her mouth, as big as every day to air, made it with her own two twelve-penny loaves. She drank out hands, and letting it down at night, locked of a golden cup, above a hogshead at a up the roof over me. A nice workman, draught. Her knives were iwice as long who was famous for little curiofities, under- as a scythe, set itrait upon the handle. The took to make me two chairs, with backs spoons, forks, and other initruments, were and frames, of a substance not unlike ivo- all in the same proportion. I remember, ry, and two tables, with a cabinet to put when Glumdalclitch carried me out of cu. my things in. The room was quilted on riosity to see some of the tables at court, all sides, as well as the floor and the ceil, where ten or a dozen of these enormous ing, to prevent any accident from the care. knives and forks were lifted up together, lessness of those who carried me, and to I thought I had never till then beheld so break the force of a jolt when I went in a
terrible a fight. coach. I desired a lock for my door, to It is the custom, that every Wednesday prevent rats and mice from coming in: (which, as I have before observed, is their the smith, after several attempts, made the fabbath) the king and queen, and the royal smallest that ever was seen among them, issue of both sexes, dine together in the for I have known a larger at the gate of apartment of his majesty, to whom I was a gentleman's house in England. I made now become a great favourite; and at a thift to keep the key in a pocket of my these times my little chair and table were own, fearing Glomdalclitch might loose it. The queen likewise ordered the thinnest * Among other dreadful and disgusting images filks that could be gotten to make me
which custom has rendered familiar, are those clothes, not much thicker than an English ever turned with abhorrence from the skeleton of
which arise from eating animal food : he who has blanket, very cumbersome till I was ac- a beast which has been picked whole hy birds or customed to them. They were after the vermin, must confess that habit only could have fashion of the kingdom, partly resembling enabled him to endure the light of the mangled the Persian, and partly the Chinese, and bones and flesh of a dead carcase which everyèlay
cover his table : and he who reflects on the num. are a very grave and decent habit.
ber of lives that have been facrificed to sustain The queen became so fond of my com- his own, should enquire by what the account bas pany, that she could not dine without me. been balanced, and whether his life is become I had a table placed upon the same at proportion.bly of more value by the exercise of which her majetty eat, just at her left el. virtue and piety, by the supericy happiness which bow, and a chair to fit on. Glumdalclitch by the glory which his intellect tias ascribed to
he has communicated to reasonable beings, and kood on a fool on the floor near my table, God.
placed at his left hand before one of the both our persons appeared before me in salt-cellars. This prince took a pleasure full view together; and there could be noin conversing with me, enquiring into the thing more ridiculous than the comparimanners, religion, laws, government, and son: so that i really began to imagine learning of Europe; wherein I gave him myself dwindled many degrees below my the belt account I was able. His appre- usual size. hension was so clear, and his judgment so Nothing angered and mortified me fo exact that he made very wile reflections 'much as the queen's dwarf, who being of and observations upon all I said. But I the lowest ftature that was ever in that confess, that after I had been a little too country (for I verily think he was not full copious in talking of my own beloved thirty feet high) became so infolent at fee. country, of our trade, and wars by sea and ing a creature so much beneath him, that land, of our schisms in religion, and parties he would always affect to swagger and look in the state; the prejudices of his educa- big as he passed by me in the queen's andtion prevailed so far, that he could not for- chamber, while I was standing on some tabear taking me up in his right hand, and ble talking with the lords or ladies of the stroking me gently with the other, after an court, and he seldom failed of a smart word hearty fit of laughing, asked me, whether or too upon my littleness; against which I was a whig or tory? Then turning to I could only revenge myself by calling him his first minitter, who waited behind him brother, challenging him to wrestle, and with a white staff near as tall as the such repartees as are usual in the mouths main-malt of the Royal Sovereign, he ob- of court pages. One day, at dinner, this ferved how contemptible a thing was hu- malicious little cub was so nettled with man grandeur, which could be mimicked something I had said to him, that, raiting by such diminutive insects as I: and yet, himself upon the frame of her majesty's says he, I dare engage, these creatures chair, he took me up by the middle, as I have their titles and distinctions of honour; was sitting down, not thinking any harm, they contrive little nests and burrows, that and let me drop into a large filver bowl of they call houses and cities; they make a cream, and then ran away as fast as he figure in dress and equipage; they love, could. I fell over head and ears, and, if they fight, they dispute, they cheat, they I had not been a good swimmer, it might betray. And thus he continued on, while have gone very hard with me; for Glommy colour came and went several times dalclitch in that instant happened to be 2: with indignation to hear our noble country, the other end of the room, and the queen the mistress of arts and arms, the scourge was in such a fright, that she wanted preof France, the arbitress of Europe, the seat sence of mind to affitt me. But my little of virtue, piety, honour, and truth, the nurse ran to my relief, and took me oui, pride and envy of the world, fo contemp- after I had swallowed above a quart of tuously treated.
cream. I was put to bed; however I sê. But as I was not in a condition to resent ceived no other damage than the loss of a injuries, so upon mature thoughts I began fuit of clothes, which was utterly spoiled. to doubt whether I was injured or no. The dwarf was foundly whipped, and as a For, after having been accustomed several farther punishment forced to drink up the months to the light and converse of this bowl of cream into which he had throws people, and observed every object upon me; neither was he ever restored to fa which I cast mine eyes to be of proportion- vour: for foon after the queen bestowed able magnitude, the horror I had at firft him on a lady of high quality, so that I conceived from their bulk and aspect was faw him no more, to my very great fatiso far worn off, that if I had then beheld a faction; for I could not tell to what extrecompany of English lords and ladies in mity, such a malicious urchin might have their finery and birth.day clothes, acting carried his resentment. their several parts in the most courtly man- He had before served me a scurvy trick, ner of strutting, and bowing, and prating, which set the queen a laughing, although to say the truth, I should have been strong- at the same time she was heartily sexed, ly tempted to laugh as much at them, as and would have immediately cashiered the king and his grandeees did at me. Nei- him, if I had not been so generous as ta ther indeed could I forbear smiling at my- intercede. Her majesty had taken a mare self, when the queen used to place me upon row-bone upon her plate, and, after knock her hand towards a looking-glass, by which ing out the marrow, placed the bone again in the dish erect, as it stood before; the cake for my breakfast, above twenty wasps, dwarf watching his opportunity, while allured by the smell, came flying into the Glumdalclitch was gone to the side-board, room, humming louder than the drones of mounted the stool that she stood on to take as many bag-pipes. Some of them seized care of me at meals, took me up in both my cake, and carried it piece-meal away; hands, and squeezing my legs together, others flew about my head and face, conwedged them into the marrow-bone, above founding me with the noise, and putting my waist, where I ftuck for some time, me in the utmost terror of their stings. and made a very ridiculous figure. I be. However, I had the courage to rise and lieve it was near a minute before any draw my hanger, and attack them in the one knew what was become of me; for I 'air. I dispatched four of them, but the thought it below me to cry out. But, as reft got away, and I presently shut my princes seldom get their meat hot, my legs window. These insects were as large as were not scalded, only my stockings and partridges; I took out their stings, and breeches in a sad condition. The dwarf, found them an inch and a half long, and at my intreaty, had no other punishment as sharp as needles. I carefully preserved than a sound whipping.
them all, and having since thewn them, I was frequently rallied by the queen with some other curiosities, in several parts upon account of my fearfulness; and the of Europe, upon my return to England I used to ask me, whether the people of my gave three of them to Gresham College, country were as great cowards as myself? and kept the fourth for myself. The occasion was this: the kingdom is much peftered with flies in summer; and
CH A P. IV. these odious insects, each of them as big as a Dunstable lark, hardly gave me any rest
The country dejcribed. A proposal for corwhile I sat at dinner with their continual
recting modern maps. The king's palace, humming and buzzing about mine ears.
and jome account of the metropolis. The They would sometimes alight upon my
author's way of travelling. The chief vi&tuals, and leave their loathsome excre
temple described. ment or spawn behind, which to me was I now intend to give the reader a short very visible, though not to the natives of description of this country, as far as I trathat country, whole large optics were not velled in it, which was not above two thouso acute as mine in viewing smaller ob;ets. sand miles round Lorbrulgrud, the metroSometimes they would fix upon my nose polis. For the queen, whom I always or forehead, where they ftung me to the attended, never went farther, when she acquick, smelling very offensively; and I companied the king in his progresles, and could easily trace that viscous matter, there staid till his majelty returned from which, our naturalists tell us, enables those viewing his frontiers. The whole extent crcatures to walk with their feet upwards of this prince's dominions reacheth about upon a ceiling. I had much ado to de- fix thousand miles in length, and from fend myself againt these detestable ani- three to five in breadth. From whence I mals, and could not forbear starting when cannct but conclude that our geographers they came on my face. It was the com- of Europe are in a great error, by suppomon practice of the dwarf to catch a num- fing nothing but sea between Japan and ber of these insects in his hand, as school. California ; for it was ever my opinion, boys do amongst us, and let them out that there must be a balance of earth to suddenly under my nose, on purpose to counterpo:se the great continent of Tartafrighten me, and divert the queen. My ry; and therefore they ought to correct remedy was to cut them in pieces with my their maps and charts by joining this vast knife, as they flew in the air, wherein my tract of land to the north-west parts of dexterity was much admired.
America, wherein I shall be ready to lend I remember, one morning, when Glum- them my atlistance. dalclitch had set me in my box upon a win- The kingdom is a peninsula, terminated dow, as she usually did in fair days to give to the north-east by a ridge of mountains me air. (for I durit not venture to let the thirty miles high, which are altogether imbox be hung on a nail out of the window, passable by reason of the volcanoes upon as we do with cages in England) arter I their tops: neither do the moit learned had lifted up one of my fathes, and fat know what sort of mortals inhabit beyond down at my table to eat a piece of sweet those mountains, or whether they be inha
3 M 2
bited at all, On the three other fides it and I was always of the party, carried in is bounded by the ocean.
There is not my box ; although the girl, as my own one sea-port in the whole kingdom, and desire, would often take me out, and hold those parts of the coasts into which the me in her hand, that I might more converivers issue, are so full of pointed rocks, niently view the houses and the people, as and the sea generally so rough, that there we passed along the streets. I reckoned is no venturing with the smallest of their our coach to be about a square of Westboats; so that these people are wholly ex- mintter-hall, but not altogether so high: cluded from any commerce with the rest however, I cannot be very exact. One day of the world. But the large rivers are full the governess ordered our coachman to of vefsels, and abound with excellent filh, fop at several shops, where the beggars, for they seldom get any from the sea, be- watching their opportunity, crowded to the cause the sea-Sth are of the same size with sides of the coach, and gave me the mot those in Europe, and consequently not horrible spectacles that ever an European worth catching; whereby it is manifest, eye beheld. There was a woman with a that nature in the production of plants and cancer in her breast, swelled to a monitrous animals of so extraordinary a bulk is wholly size, full of holes, in two or three of which confined to this continent, of which I leave I could have easily crept, and covered my the reasons to be determined by philofo- whole body. There was a fellow with a phers. However, now and then they take wen in his neck larger than five woola whale that happens to be dalhed against packs, and another with a couple of wocdthe rocks, which the common people feed en legs, cach about twenty feet high. But on heartily. These whales 1 have known the most hateful fight of all was the lice fo large that a man could hardly carry one crawling on their clothes. I could fee disupon his fioulders; and sometimes for cu- tinetly the limbs of these vermin with my riosity they are brought in hampers to naked eye, much better than those of an Lorbrulgrud: I saw one of them in a dish European louse through a microscope, and at the king's table, which passed for a ra- their fnouts with which they rooted like rity, but I did not observe he was fond of swine. They were the first I had ever be. i ; for I think indeed the bigness disgusted held, and I hould have been curious enough hini, although I have seen one somewhat to dissect one of them, if I had had proper larger in Greenland.
instruments (which I unluckily left behind The country is well inhabited, for it me in the ship) although indeed the ligt: contains fifty-one cities, near an hundred was so nauseous, that it perfectly turned my walled towns, and a great number of vil. ftomach. lages. To satisfy my curious readers it Beside the large box in which I was usamay be sufficient to describe Lorbrulgrud. ally carried, the queen ordered a smaller This city stands upon almost two equal one to be made for me of about twelve parts on cach side the river that paties feet square and ten high, for the convenithrough. It contains above eighty thou- ence of travelling, because the other was fand houses, and above fix hundred thou- somewhat too large for Glumdalclitch's sand inhabitants. It is in length three lap, and cumbersome in the coach; it was glomglungs (which make about fifty-four made by the same artist, whom I directed English miles) and two and a half in in the whole contrivance. This travellingbreadth, as I'measured it myself in the closet was an exact squase, with a window royal map made by the king's order, which in the middle of three of the squares, and was laid on the ground on purpose for me, cach window was latticed with iron wire and extended an hundred feet; I paced on the outside, to prevent accidents in long the diameter and circumference several journies. On the fourth fide, which had times bare-foot, and computing by the no window, two strong Itaples were fixed, scale, measured it pretty exactly.
through which the person that carried me, The king's palace is no regular edifice, when I had a mind to be on horseback, put but an heap of building about seven miles a leathern belt, and buckled it about his round: the chief rooms are generally two waist. This was always the office of some hundred and forty feet high, and broad grave trusty servant in whom I could conand long in proportion. A coach was al- fide, whether I attended the king and queen lowed to Glumdalclitch and me, wherein in their progresses, or were disposed to fee her governess frequently took her out to the gardens, or pay a visit to some great lee the town, or go among the shops; lady or mioister of state in the court, whea