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You are very sensible that Skyresh Bol. tor against his moft auspicious, ferene, imgolam (galbet, or high-admiral) hath been perial majefty, did petition to be excuse! your mortal enemy almost ever since your from the said service; upon pretence of arrival: his original reasons I know not; unwillingness to force the consciences, or but his hatred is increased since your great deitroy the liberties and lives of an innosuccess againit Blefufcu, by which his glo- cent people * ry, as admiral, is much obscured. This lord, in conjunction with limnap the high
ARTICLE III.. treasurer, whose enmity against you is no
That, whereas certain ambassadors artorious on account of his lady, Limtoc the rived from the court of Blefuicu to sue for general, Lalcon the chamberlain, and Bal- peace in his majesty's court: he the faid muf the grand justiciary, have prepared Fleitrin did, like a false traitor, aid, abet, articles of impeachment against you for comfort, and divert the faid ambassadors, treason, and other capital crimes.
although he knew them to be servants to a This preface made me so impatient, be- prince who was lately an open enemy to his ing conscious of my own merits and inno- imperial majesty, and in open war against cence, that I was going to interrupt: when his taid majetty. he.entreated me to be silent, and thus pro
ARTICLE IV. ceeded : Out of gratitude for the favours you
That the said Quinbus Flestrin, contrary have done me, I procured information of to the duty of a faithful subject, is now the whole proceedings, and a copy of the preparing to make a voyage to the court articles; wherein I venture my head for and empire of Blefuscu, for which he hath your service.
received only verbal licence from his im
perial majcity; and under colour of the Articles of impeachment againf Quinbus Fler- faid licence doth falsely and traiterously trin, the Man-1.ountain.
intend to take the said voyage, and there
by to aid, comfort, and abet the emARTICLE I.
peror of Blefuscu, so late an enemy, and in Whereas by a statute made in the reign open war with his imperial majetty aforeof his imperial majeity Calin Deffar Plune, faid. it is enacted, that whoever shall make water within the precincts of the royal palace, There are some other articles, but these Thall be liable to the pains and penalties are the most important, of which I have of high treason: notwithstanding the faid read you an abstract. Quinbus Flestrin, in open breach of the faid In the several debates upon this ima law, under colour of extinguishing the fire peachment it must be confeiled that his kindled in the apartment of his majetty's majelly gave many marks of his great lemost dear imperial confort, did maliciously, nity, often urging the services you had traiterously, and devilithly, by discharge of done him, and endeavouring to extenuate his urine, put out the faid fire kindled in your crimes. · The treasurer and admiral the said apartment, lying and being within infiited that you should be put to the most the precincts of the said royal palace, against painful and ignominious death, by setting the itatute in that case provided, &c. against fire on your house at night, and the general the duty, &c.
was to attend with twenty thousand men
armed with poisoned arrows to shoot you ARTICLE II.
on the face and hands. Some of your ferThat the said Quinbus Flestrin having vants were to have private orders to itrew brought the imperial fleet of Blefuscu into a poisonous juice on your thirts and theets, the royal port, and being afterwards com- which would soon make you tear your own manded by his imperial inajesty to seize all
flesh, and die in the utmost corture. Tne the other chips of the said empire of Ble- general came into the same opinion; so that fuscu, and reduce that empire to a pro- for a long time there was a majority against vince to be governed by a vice-roy from you: but his majetty resolving, if pollible, herce, and to destroy and put to death not
☆ A lawyer thinks himself honeft if he does only all the big-endian exiles, but likewise
the best hc can for his client, and a ítateiman if all the people of that empire, who would he promotes the interest of his country; but the not immediately forsake the big-endian he- dean here inculcates an higher notion of right and sefy: he the said Flettrin, like a false trai. wrong, and obligations to a larger cominunity.
to spare your life, at last brought off the accused you as a traitor on that account, chamberlain.
and therefore insisted you should be put to Upon this incident Reldrefal, principal death. secretary for private affairs, who always The treasurer was of the same opinion : approved himself your true friend, was he thewed to what streights his majesty's commanded by the emperor to deliver his revenue was reduced by the charge of opinion, which he accordingly did: and maintaining you, which would foon grow therein justified the good thoughts you insupportable: that the secretary's expehave of him. He allowed your crimes to dient of putting out your eyes was so far be
great, but that ftill there was room for from being a remedy againit this evil, that mercy, the most commendable virtue in a it would probably increase it, as is manifest prince, and for which his majelty was so from the cominon practice of blinding some justly celebrated. He said, the friendship kind of fowl, after which they fed the fastbetween you and him was so well known to er, and grew sooner fat: that his facred ma. the world, that perhaps the most honour- jelty and the council, who are your judges, able board might think him partial : how- were in their own consciences fully convinever, in obedience to the command he had ced of your guilt, which was a suficient received, he would freely offer his senti- argument to condemn you to death, with. ments. That if his majesty, in considera- out the formal proofs required by the itric tion of your services, and pursuant to his letter of the law own merciful disposition, would please to But his imperial majesty, fully deterfpare your life, and only give order to put mined against capital punishment, was graout both your eyes, he humbly conceived, çiously pleased to say, that luce the counthat by this expedient justice might in some cil thought the loss of your eyes too easy a measure be justified, and all the world would censure, some other may be inflicted bere. applaud the lenity of the emperor, as well after. And your friend the secretary, humas the fair and generous proceedings of bly desiring to be heard again, in answer those who have the honour to be his coun- to what the treasurer had objected consellors. That the loss of your eyes would cerning the great charge bis majeity was be no impediment to your bodily strength, at in maintaining you, taid, that his exby which you might still be useful to his cellency, who had the fole disposal of the majesty: that blindness is an addition to emperor's revenue, might eally provide courage, by concealing dangers from us; against that evil, by gradually lefening that the fear you had for your eyes, was your establishment; by which, for want of the greatest difficulty in bringing over the sufficient food, you would grow weak and enemy's licet; and it would be sufficient faint, and lose your appetiie, and consume for you to see by the eyes of the minis- in a few months; neither would the stench cers, since the greateit princes do no more. of your carcase be then fo dangerous, when
This propolal was received with the ut- it should become more than half diminish. most disapprobation by the whole board. ed; and immediately upon your death five Bolgolam the admiral could not preserve or fix thousand of his majesty's subjects his temper; but rising up in fury laid, he might in two or three days cut your Acià wondered how the secretary durit prelume from your bones, take it away by cartto give his opinion for preserving the life loads, and bury it in diftant parts to preof a traitor : that the services you had vent infection, leaving the skeleton as a mo. performed were, by all true reasons of nument of admiration to pofterity. Itate, the great aggravation of your crimes; Thus by the great friendlhip of the fethat you, who was able to extinguish the fire by discharge of urine in her majesty's * There is something so odious in whatever is apartment (which he mentioned with hor- wrong, that even those whom it does not sub ech ror) might at another time raise an inun- to punishment endeavour to colour it with an apdation by the same means to drown the pearance of right; but the attempt is alwaysro. whole palace; and the same strength, which successful, and only betrays a consciousitis of enabled you to bring over the enemy's deformity by thewing a desire to hide it. Thus feet, might serve upon the first diicontent with the strict letter of the law io pu: Gold,
Lilliputian court pretended a right to direne to carry them back: that he had good to death, though by the strict letter of the las reasons to think you were a Big-endian in only he could be convicted of a crime; the in. your heart; and as treason begins in the tention of the statute not being to furt i uis heart before it appear in overt acts, so he palace rather to be burnt than pitied upan.
cretary Cretary the whole affair was compromised. alledged in the several articles, yet I hoped It was strictly enjoined, that the project of they would admit of some extenuation. itarving you by degrees should be kept a But having in my life perused many statesecret, but the sentence of putting out your trials, which I ever observed to terminate eyes was entered on the books; none dif- as the judges thought fit to direct, I durst senting except Bolgolam the admiral, not rely on so dangerous a decision, in so who, being a creature of the empress's, critical a juncture, and against such powwas perpetually instigated by her ma- erful enemies. Once I was strongly bent jesty to insist upon your death, she hav- upon resistance, for, while I had liberty, the ing borne perpetual malice against you on whole ftrength of that empire could hardly account of that infamous and illegal me. subdue me, and I might easily with stones thod you took to extinguish the fire in her pelt the metropolis to pieces; but I soon apartment.
rejected that project with horror, by reIn three days, your friend the secretary membering the oath I had made to the will be directed to come to your house, and emperor, the favours I had received from sead before you the articles of impeach- him, and the high title of nardac he ment; and then to signify the great lenity conferred upon me. Neither had I lo and favour of his majesty and council
, soon learned the gratitude of courtiers, to whereby you are only condemned to the persuade myself, that his majesty's preloss of your eyes, which his majesty doth fent severities acquitted me of all past obnot question you will gratefully and hum- ligations. bly lubmit to; and twenty of his majesty's At last I fixed upon a resolution, for surgeons will attend in order to see the which it is probable I may incur some cenoperation well performed, by discharging sure, and not onjuitly; for I confefs I owe very tharp-pointed arrows into the balls of the preserving mine eyes, and consequently your eyes, as you lie on the ground. my liberty, to my own great rashness, and
I leave to your prudence what measures want of experience; because, if I had then you will take; and, to avoid fufpicion, I known the nature of princes and ministers, muft immediately return in as private a
which I have since observed in many other manner as I came.
courts, and their methods of treating criHis lordship did so, and I remained alone minais less obnoxious than myself, i should under, many doubts and perplexities of with great alacrity and readiness have submind.
mitted to so easy a punishment. But hurIt was a custom introduced by this prince ried on by the precipitancy of youth, and and his ministry (very different, as I have having his imperial majesty's licence to been assured, from the practices of former pay my attendance upon the emperor of times) that after the court had decreed any Blefusću, I took this opportunity, before cruel execution, either to gratify the mo- the three days were elasped, to send a letnarch's resentment, or the malice of a fa- ter to my friend the fecretary, fignifying vourite, the emperor always made a speech my resolution of ferting out that morning to his whole council, expresling his great for Blefuscu, pursuant to the leave I had lenity and tenderness, as qualities kilown got; and, without waiting for an antwer, and confessed by all the world. This I went to that side of the island where our speech was immediately published through Acet lay. I seized a large man of war, tied the kingdom; nor did any thing terrify the a cable to the prow, and, lifting up the an, people so much as those encomiums on his chors, I stript myself, put my cloaths (tomajesty's mercy; because it was observed, gether with my coverlet, which I carried that, the more these praises were enlarged under my arm) into the vessel, and drawand infiited on, the more inhuman was the ing it after me, between wading and fwimpunishment, and the sufferer more inno- ming arrived at the royal port of Blefuscu,
myself, I muit confess, where the people had long expected me; having never been designed for a courtier, they lent me two guides to direct me to either by my birth or education, I was so the capital city, which is of the fame name. ill a judge of things, that I could not dif- I held them in my hands, till I came within cover the lenity and favour of this sen- two hundred yards of the gate, and defired tence, but conceived it (perhaps errone- them to signify my arrival to one of the le. oufly)
, rather to be rigorous than gentle. I cretaries, and let him know, I there waited fometimes thought of landing my trial ; his majesty's command. I had an answer for, although I could not deny the facts in about an hour, that his majefys attended
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by the royal family and great officers of cient ftrength. When the ships came up, I the court, was coming out to receive me, stript myself, and waded till I came within I advanced a hundred yards. The em- a hundred yards of the boat, after which I peror and his train alighted from their was forced to swim till I got up to it. The horses, the empress and ladies from their seamen threw me the end of the cord, which coaches, and I did not perceive they were
I fastened to a hole in the fore-part of the in any fright or concern. I lay on the boat, and the other end to a man of war: ground to kiss his majesty's and the em- but I found all my labour to little purpose; press's hand. I told his majesty that I was for, being out of my depth, I was not able come according to my promise, and with to work. In this neceflity, I was forced to the licence of the emperor my mailer, to swim behind, and push the boar forwards have the honour of seeing so mighty a mo
as often as I could, with one of my hands; narch, and to offer him any service in my and the tide favouring me, I advanced so power consistent with my duty to my own far, that I could just hold up my chin and prince; not mentioning a word of my dif- feel the ground. I rested two or three grace, because I had hitherto no regular minutes, and then gave the boat another information of it, and might fuppofe my- thove, and so on till the sea was no higher self wholly ignorant of any such design; than my arm-pits; and now, the moit laneither could I reasonabiy conceive that borious part being over, I took out my the emperor would discover the secret, other cables, which were ftowed in one of while I was out of his power; where the ships, and fastened them first to the in however it foon appeared I was de- boat, and then to nine of the vessels which ceived.
attended me; the wind being favourable, I shall not trouble the reader with the the seamen towed, and I shoved, till we arparticular account of my reception at this rived within forty yards of the shore, and, court, which was suitable to the generosity waiting till the tide was our, I got dry to of so great a prince; nor of the dificulties the boat, and by the asistance of two thouI was in for want of a house and bed, be- sand men, with ropes and engines, I made ing forced to lie on the ground, wrapt up a shift to turn it on its bottom, and found in my coverlet.
it was but little damaged.
I shall not trouble the reader with the CH A P. VIII.
difficulties I was under by the' help of cerThe author, by a lucky accident, finds means ing, to get my boat to the royal port of
tain paddles, which cost me ten days makto leave Bléfuscu; an', afler feme dit:- blefufcu, where a mighty concourse of peoculties, returns safe to his native coun
ple appeared upon my arrival, full of won. try.
der at the sight of fo prodigious a vefiel. Three days after my arrival, walking I told the emperor, that my good fortune out of curiosity to the north-east coast of had thrown this boat in my way to carry the island, I oblerved about half a league me to some place, from whence I might reoff, in the sea, fomewhat that looked like a turn into my native country, and begged boat overturned. I pulled off my shoes his majesty's orders for getting materials to and fockings, and, wading two or three fit it up, together with his licence to dejart, hundred yards, I found the object to ap- which, after some kind expoftulations, he proach nearer by force of the tide : and was pleased to grant. then plainly saw it to be a real boat, which I did very much wonder, in all this time, I supposed might by some tempest have not to have heard of any express relating been driven from a lhip: whereupon I re- to me from our emperor to the court of turned immediately towards the city, and Blefuscu. But I was afterwards given pridefired his imperial majesty to lend me vately to understand, that his imperial matwenty of the tallest vefleis he had left af- jefty, never imagining I had the leaft noter the loss of his feet, and three thousand tice of his designs, believed I was gone to seamen, under the command of his vice- Blefuscu in performance of my promise, admiral. This fleet sailed round, while I according to the licence he had given me, went back the shortest way to the coast, which was well known at our court, and where I first discovered the boat; I found would return in a few days, when the cerethe tide had driven it still nearer. The mony was ended. But he was at laft in seamen were all provided with cordage, pain at my long absence; and, after conwhich I had beforehand twisted to a sutia lulting with the treasurer and the rest of that cabal, a person of quality was dif- make two fails to my boat, according to patched with the copy of the articles my directions, by quilting 'thirteen fold of againit me. This envoy had instructions their strongest linen together. I was at to reprefent to the monarch of Blefufcu the the pains of making ropes and cables, by great lenity of his master, who was content twisting ten, twenty, or thirty of the thickto punish me no farther than with the loss eft and strongest of theirs. 'A great Itone of mine eyes; that I had fed from justice, that I happened to find, after a long search, and, if I did not return in two hours, I by the sea-shore, served me for an anchor. hould be deprived of my title of nardac, I had the tallow of three hundred cows for and declared a traitor. The envoy fur. greasing my boat, and other uses. I was ther added, that, in order to maintain the at incredible pains in cutting down some peace and amity between both empires, his of the largest timber-trees for oars and master expected, that his brother of Ble. masts, wherein I was however much affifted fuscu would give orders to have me sent by his majesty's ship-carpenters,who helpback to Lilliput, bound hand and foot, to ed me in smoothing them after I had done be punished as a traitor.
the rough work. The emperor of Blefuscu, having taken In about a month, when all was prethree days to consult, returned an answer pared, I sent to receive his majesty's comconsisting of many civilities and excuses. mands, and to take iny leave. The emHe said, that, as for sending me bound, peror and royal family came out of the pahis brother knew it was impossible; that lace; I lay down on my face to kiss his although I had deprived him of his Acet, hand, which he very graciously gave me; yet he owed great obligations to me for so did the empress, and young princes of many good offices I had done him in make the blood. His majesty presented me with ing the peace. That however both their fifty purses of two hundred /prugs a-piece, majefties would soon be made easy; for I together with his picture at full length, had found a prodigious vefsel on the shore, which I put immediately into one of my able to carry me on the sea, which he had gloves to keep it from being hurt. given order to fit up with my own assistance The ceremonies at my departure were and direction; and he hoped in a few weeks too many to trouble the reader with at both empires would be freed from so insup- this time. portable an incumbrance,
I stored the boat with the carcases of an With this answer the envoy returned to hundred oxen, and three hundred sheep, Lilliput, and the monarch of Blefuscu re- with bread and drink proportionable, and lated to me all that had passed; offering as much meat ready dressed as four hunme at the same time (but under the strict- dred cooks could provide. I took with me eft confidence) his-gracious protection, if fix cows and two bulls alive, with as many I would continue in his service; wherein ewes and rams, intending to carry them although I believed him sincere, yet I re- into my own country, and propagate the folved never more to put any confidence in breed. And to feed them on board I had princes or ministers, where I could posibly a good bundle of hay and a bag of corn. avoid it; and therefore, with all due ac. I would gladly have taken a dozen of the knowledgments for his favourable inten- natives, but this was a thing the emperor tions, I humbly begged to be excused. I would by no means permit; and, besides a told him, that since fortune, whether good diligent search into my pockets, his majesty or evil, had thrown a vessel in my way, engaged my honour not to carry away any I was resolved to venture myself in the of his subjects, although with their own con. ocean, rather than be an occasion of dif- fent and desire, ference between two such mighty mo- Having thus prepared all things as well narchs. Neither did I find the emperor as I was able, I set sail on the 24th day of at all displeased, and I discovered by a September 1701 at fix in the morning ; certain accident, that he was very glad and when I had gone about four leagues of my resolution, and so were most of his to the northward, the wind being at southministers.
east, at fix in the evening I descried a These considerations moved me to hasten small island about half a league to the my departure somewhat sooner than I in- north-welt. I advanced forward, and cast tended; to which the court, impatient to anchor on the lee-side of the island, which have me gone, very readily contributed. seemed to be uninhabited. I then took Five hundred workmen were employed to some refreshment, and went to my reft.
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