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never suffered this criticism, but on the it is a part of religious worhip to be gidIcore of your head, and the two eyes that dy-headed! I fall hear at Belgrade how. are in it.

the good balhaw received you with tears Pray, when you write to me, talks of of joy, how he was charmed with your, yourself; there is nothing I so much desire, agreeable manner of pronouncing the to bear of: talk a great deal of yourself; words Allah and Muhamed; and how ears, that the who I always thought talked the nestly you joined with him in exhorting best, may speak upon the beit subject. The your friend to embrace that religion. But I fhrines and reliques you tell me or, no way think his objection was a just one; that is engage my curiofity ; I had ten times ra was attended with some circumstances an. ther go on pilgrimage to see one fuch face der which he could not properly represent as yours, than both St. John Baptift's heads. his Britannic majelty. I wish (since you are grown so covetous of Lastly, I shall hear how, the first night golden things) you had not only all the fine you lay at Pera, you had a vision of Matatues you talk of, but even the golden homet's paradise, and happily awaked image which Nebuchadnezzar set up, pro- without a soul; from which blessed movided you were to travel no farther than ment the beautiful body was left at full you could carry it.

liberty to perform all the agreeable funcThe court of Vienna is very edifying. tions it was made for. The ladies, with respect to their husbands, I see I have done in this letter, as I of. seem to understand that text literally, that ten have done in your company; talked commands to bear one another's burdens : myself into a good humour, when I begun but, I fancy, many a man there is like Iffa- in an ill one : the pleasure of addresfing ta Char, an ass between two burdens. I fall you makes me run on; and 'tis in your look upon you no more as a Christian, when power to thorten this letter as much as you you pass from that charitable court to the please, by giving over when you pleafe ; land of jealousy. I expect to hear an exact lo I'll make it no longer by apologies. account how, and at what places, you leave

Poge. one of the thirty-nine articles after another, as you approach to the land of in

$ 40. The Manners of a Bookseller. fidelity. Pray how far are you got already? Amidst the pomp of a high mass, and the

To the Earl of Burlington. ravishing thrills of a Sunday opera, what did My Lord, you think of the doctrine and discipline of If your mare could speak, she would the church of England ? Had you from give an account of what extraordinary your hcart a reverence for Sternhold and company she had on the road; which fice Hopkins ? How did your Christian virtues she cannot do, I will. hold out in so long a voyage? You have, It was the enterprising Mr. Lintot, the it seems (without palling the bounds of redoubtable rival of Mr. Tonton, wino, Christendom) out-travelled the fin of for- mounted on a stone-horse (no disagreeable nication ; in a little time you'll look upon companion to your lordship’s mare) oversome others with more patience than the la- took me in Windsor-forelt

. He said, he dies here are capable of. I reckon, you'll heard I designed for Oxford, the seat of time it so well as to make your religion lait the Muses; and would, as my bookseller, to the verge of Christendom, that you may by all means accompany me thither. discharge your chaplain (as humanity re I asked him where he got his horse ? quires) in a place where he may find some He answered, he got it of his publisher: business.

“ For that rogue, my printer (faid he) I doubt not but I Mall be told (when I disappointed me: I hoped to put him in come to follow you through these coun good humour by a treat at the tavern, tries) in how pretty a manner you accom of a brown fricaffee of rabbits, which modated youríelf to the customs of the true “ cost two shillings, with two quarts of Mullulmen. They will tell me at what “ wine, besides my conversation. I thought town you practiled to fit on the fopha, at myself cock-fure of his horfe, which he what viilage you learned to fold a turban,“ readily promised me, but said that Mr. where you was bathed and anointed, and “ Tonson had just such another design of where you parted with your black full “ going to Cambridge, expecting there bottom. How happy muít it bc for a gay the copy of a new kind of Horace from young woman, to live in a country where

; and if Mr. Toníon went, he

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« was pre-engaged to attend him, being jog on apace, and I'll think as hard as I “ to have the printing of the said copy.

« So, in short, I borrowed this itone Silence ensued for a full hour: after which “ horse of my publisher, which he had of Mr. Lintot lugg'd the reins, stopp'd short, “ Mr. Oldmixon for a debt; he lent me, and broke out, « Well, Sir, how far have “ too, the pretty boy you see after me: you gone?” I answered Seven miles. s he was a smutty dog yesterday, and cost « Z-ds! Sir," said Lintot, “ I thought “ me near two hours to wash the ink off


had done seven stanzas. Oldsworth, « his face : but the devil is a fair-condi in a ramble round Wimbleton-hill, would “ tioned devil, and very forward in his “ translate a whole ode in half this time. e catechise: if you have any more bags, I'll say that for Oldsworth (though I loft s he shall carry them.”

“ by his Timothy's) he translates an ode of I thought Mr. Lintot's civility not to « Horace the quickest of any man in Engbe neglected; so gave the boy a small bag,“ land. I remember Dr. King would write containing three shirts, and an Elzevir Vir. “ verses in a tavern three hours after he gil; and mounting in an instant, proceeded « could not speak: and there's Sir Richard, on the road, with my man before, my cour “ in that rumbling old chariot of his, beteous stationer beside, and the aforesaid “ tween Fleet-ditch and St. Giles's pound devil behind.

“ Tall make you half a job.” Mr. Lintot began in this manner : Pray, Mr. Lintot (said I) now you talk “ Now, damn them! what if they should of translators, what is your method of ma“ put it in the news-paper how you and I naging them ? « Sir, (replied he) those are

went together to Oxford ? what would “ the saddelt pack of rogues in the world; “ I care? If I hould go down into Suf “ in a hungry fit, they'll livear they under“ sex, they would say I was gone to the “ stand all the languages in the universe: “ speaker : but what of that? If my son “ I have known one of them take down a

were but big enough to go on with the “ Greek book upon my counter, and cry, “ business, by G-d I would keep as good Ay, this is Hebrew, I must read it from company as old Jacob."

“ the latter end. By G-d, I can never Hereupon I enquired of his son. “ The “ be sure in these fellows; for I neither “ lad (says he) has fine parts, but is some « understand Greek, Latin, French, nor « what sickly; much as you are-I spare “ Italian myself. But this is my way; I for nothing in his education at Westmin agree with them for ten shillings per “ fter. Pray don't you think Westminster “ feet, with a proviso, that I will have “ to be the best school in England? Most “their doings corrected by whom I please: “ of the late ministry came out of it, so did “ so by one or other they are led at læst “ many of this ministry ; I hope the boy “ to the true sense of an author ; my judgss will make his fortune.

“ ment giving the negative to all my Don't you design to let him pass a year “ translators.' But how are you secure at Oxford ? “ To what purpose? (said he) those correctors may not impose upon you? " the universities do but make pedants, “ Why, I get any civil gentleman (espe“ and I intend to breed him a man of busi cially any Scotchman) that comes into “ ness."

my shop, to read the original to me in As Mr. Lintot was talking, I observed English; by this I know whether my he sat uneasy on his saddle, for which I “ translator be deficient, and wheiher my expressed some solicitude. Nothing, says “ corrector merits his money or not. he, I can bear it well enough; but since “ I'll tell you what happened to me last we have the day before us, methinks it month: I bargained with Swould be very pleasant for you to rest a « new version of Lucretius, to publish while under the woods. When we were “ against Tonson's; agreeing to pay the alighted, “ See here, what a mighty pretty “ author so many shillings at his producing “ kind of Horace I have in my pocket! “ so many lines. He made a great pro" what if you amused yourself in turning “gress in a very short time, and I gave it “ an ode, till we mount again? Lord ! if « to the corrector to compare with the

you pleased, what a clever miscellany “ Latin; but he went directly to Creech's « might you make at your leisure hours !'' “ translation, and found it the same, word Perhaps I may, said Í, if we ride on; the for word, all but the first page. Now, motion is an aid to my fancy; a round “ what d'ye think I did ? I arrested the trot very much awakens my spirits: then “translator for a cheat; nay, and I ftop


for a

“ped the corrector's pay too, upon this got to Oxford, and paid a visit to my lord “ proof, that he had made use of Creech Carleton at Middleton. « initead of the original.”'

The conversations I enjoy here are not Pray tell me next how you deal with to be prejudiced by my pen, and the pleathe critics ? “ Sir (said he) nothing more fures from them only to be equalled when

easy. I can silence the most formidable I meet your lordihip. I hope in a few “ of them : the rich ones with a sheet a- days to cast myself from your horse at « piece of the blotted manuscript, which your feet.

Pope. “ costs me nothing; they'll go about with “ it to their acquaintance, and say they 41. Description of a Country Scat. “ had it from the author, who submitted To the Duke of Buckingham. “ to their correction : this has given some In answer to a letter in which he inclosed « of them such an air, that in time they the description of Buckingham-house, “ come to be consulted with, and dedi written by him to the D. of Sh. “cated to, as the top critics of the town. Pliny was one of those few authors who “ -As for the poor critics, I'll give you had a warm house over his head, nay, two “ one instance of my management, by houses; as appears by two of his epistles. “ which you may guels at the rest. A lean I believe, if any of his contemporary au

man, that looked like a very good scho- thors durst have informed the public where « lar, came to me t'other day; he turned they lodged, we should have found the “ over your Homer, look his head, shrug- garrets of Rome as well inhabited as those “ged up his houlders, and pished at every of Fleet-street; but 'tis dangerous to let « line of it: One would wonder (says he) creditors into such a secret; therefore we « at the strange presumption of some men; may presume that then, as well as now-a« Homer is no such easy task, that every days, nobody knew where they lived but “ stripling, every versifier-He was going their booksellers. “ on, when my wife called to dinner-Sir, It seems, that when Virgil came to “ faid I, will you please to eat a piece of Rome, he had no lodging at all; he first “ beef with me ? Mr. Lintot (said he) introduced himself to Augustus by an « I am sorry you should be at the expence epigram, beginning Nocie pluit tota-an « of this great book; I am really con- obfervation which probably he had not “ cerned on your account-Sir, I am much made, unless he had lain all night in the * obliged to you: if you can dine upon a ftreet. “ piece of beef, together with a slice of Where Juvenal lived, we cannot affirm; « pudding-Mr. Lintot, I do not say but but in one of his fatires he complains of “ Mr. Pope, if he would but condescend the exceslive price of lodgings; neither do “ to advise with men of learning-Sir, the I believe he would have talked so feelingly “ pudding is upon the table, if you please of Codrus's bed, if there had been room “to goin-My critic complies, he comes for a bed-fellow in it. a to a taste of your poetry; and tells me, I believe, with all the oftentation of “ in the same breath, that your book is Pliny, he would have been glad to have « commendable, and the pudding excel. changed both his houses for your grace's « lent.

one; which is a country-house in the sum. Now, Sir, (concluded Mr. Lintot) in mer, and a town-house in the winter, and « return to the frankness I have mewn, must be owned to be the properest habita“ pray tell me, Is it the opinion of your tion for a wise man, who lees all the world « friends at court that my Lord Lansdown change every season without ever chang“ will be brought to the bar or not?" I ing himself. told him, I heard he would not; and I I have been reading the description of hoped it, my lord being one I had parti. Pliny's house with an eye to yours; but cular obligations to.“ That may be (re. finding they will bear no comparison, will “ plied Mr. Lintot); but, by G-d, if he try if it can be matched by the large " is not, I shall lose the printing of a very country-seat I inhabit at prelent, and see "good trial.”

what figure it may make by the help of a Thele, my lord, are a few traits by florid description. which you may discern the genius of Mr. You mult expect nothing regular in my Lintot; which I have chosen for the sub- description, any more than in the house; ject of a letter. I dropt him as soon as I the whole vast edifice is fo disjointed, and


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the several parts of it fo detached one from with two or three mildew'd pictures of the other, and yet fo joining again, one mouldy ancestors, who look as dismally as cannot tell how, that, in one of my poetical if they came fresh from hell, with all their fits, I imagined it had been a village in brimitone about them: these are carefully Amphion's time; where the cottages, hav. set at the farther corner; for the windows ing taken a together, had being every where broken, make it so conbeen all out, and itood stone-Itill with a venient a place to dry poppies and mufmazement ever since.

tard-feed, that the room is appropriated You must excuse me, if I say nothing of to that use. the front; indeed I don't know which it Next this parlour, as I said before, lies is. A ftranger would be grievously dif- the pigeon-house; by the side of which appointed, who endeavoured to get runs an entry, which lets you on one hand the house the right way. One would rea- and i'other into a bed-chamber, a buttery, sonably expect, after the entry through and a small hole called the chaplain's ftuthe porch, to be let into the hall: alas, no- dy: then follow a brewhouse, a little green thing less ! you find yourself in the house and gilt parlour, and the great stairs, under of ofice. From the parlour you think to which is the dairy : a little farther, on the step into the drawing-room; but, upon right, the servants hall; and by the fide of opening the iron-nailed door, you are con- it, up fix steps, the old lady's closet for her vinced, by a flight of birds about your ears, private devotions; which has a lattice into and a cloud of dust in your eyes, that it is the hall, intended (as we imagine) that at the pigeon-house. If you come into the the same time as the pray'd he might have chapel, you find its altars, like those of the an eye on the men and maids. There are ancients, continually smoaking ; but it is upon the ground floor, in all, twenty-fix with the fteams of the adjoining kitchen. apartments; among which I must not for

The great hall within is high and spa- get a chamber which has in it a large ancious, flanked on one side with a very long tiquity of timber, that seems to have been table, a true image of ancient hospitality either a bedstead, or a cyder-press. the walls are all over ornamented with The kitchen is built in form of a rotunmonstrous horns of animals, about twenty da, being one valt vault to the top of the broken pikes, ten or a dozen blunderbusies, house; where one aperture serves to let out and a rusty match-lock musquet or two, the smoke, and let in the light. By the which we were informed had served in the blackness of the walls, the circular fires, civil wars. Here is one vast arched win- vast cauldrons, yawning mouths of ovens dow, beautifully darkened with divers ’scut. and furnaces, you would think it either the cheons of painted glass; one shining pane forge of Vulcan, the cave of Polypheme, in particular bears date 1286, which alone or the temple of Moloch. The horror of preserves the memory of a knight, whose this place has made such an impression on iron armour is long since perihed with the country people, that they believe the suít, and whose alabaster nose is moulder- witches keep their Sabbath here, and that ed from his monument. The face of dame once a year the devil trcats them with inEleanor, in another piece, owes more to fernal venison, a roasted tiger ituffed with that single pane than to all the glasses the ten-penny nails. ever consulted in her life. After this, who Above lairs we have a number of can say that glass is frail

, when it is not rooms; you never pass out of one into half so frail as human beauty, or glory! another, but by the ascent or descent of and yet I can't but figh to think that the two or three itairs. Our best room is very most authentic record of tò ancient a fa- long and low, of the exact proportion of mily should lie at the mercy of every in

a banbox. In inost of these rooms there fant who fings a stone. In former days are hangings of the fineft work in the there have dined this hall gartered world, that is to say, those which Arachne knights, and courtly dames, attended by spins from her own bowels. Were it not ushers, sewers, and seneschals; and yet it for this only furniture, the whole would be was but last night that an owl few hither, a miserable scene of naked walls, faw'd and miftook it for a barn.

ceilings, broken windows, and rusty locks. This hall lets you (up and down) over The roof is so decayed, that after a faa very high threhold into the great par- vourable shower we may expect a crop of lour. Its contents are a broken-belly'd mushrooms between the cñinks of our virginal, a couple of crippled velvet chairs, foors. All the doors are as little and low


as those to the cabins of packet-boats. memory of that, which itself muft foon fali These rooms have, for many years, had into duit, nay, perhaps part of it, before no other inhabitants than certain rats, this letter reaches your hands. whose very age renders them worthy of Indeed we owe this old house the same this seat, for the very rats of this venerable kind of gratitude that we do to an old house are grey: since these have not yet friend, who harbours us in his declining quitted it, we hope at least that this an- condition, nay even in his last extremitie: cient mansion may not fall during the How fit is this retreat for uninterrupted small remnant these poor animals have to study, where no one that passes by can live, who are now too infirm to remove to dream there is an inhabitant, and erea another. There is yet a small subsistence those who would dine with as dare not stay left them in the few remaining books of under our roof! Any one that fees ii, the library.

will own I could not have chosen a more We had never seen half what I had de- likely place to converse with the dead in. scribed, but for a starch'd grey-headed I had been mad indeed if I had left your fteward, who is as much an antiquity as grace for any one but Homer. Bot what any in this place, and looks like an old I return to the living, I shall have the sense family picture walked out of its frame. to endeavour to converse with the best of He entertained us as we passed from room them, and fall therefore, as soon as pothto room with several relations of the fami- ble, tell you in perion how much I am, ly; but his observations were particularly &c.

Pepte curious when he came to the cellar : he informed us where stood the triple rows of

§ 42. Apology for his religious Teacts. butts of sack, and where were ranged the My Lord, bottles of tent, for toasts in a morning; I am truly obliged by your kind condo. he pointed to the stands that supported the lence on my father's death, and the desire iron-hooped hogsheads of strong beer; you express that I Ahould improve this inthen stepping to a corner, he lugged out cident to my advantage. I know you: the tattered fragments of an unframed lordship's friendship to me is so extentive, picture: “ This (says he, with tears) was that you include in that with both my fpipoor

Sir Thomas! once master of all ritual and my temporal advantage; and it ** this drink. He had two sons, poor young is what I owe to that friendship, to open “ masters! who never arrived to the age of my mind unreservedly to you on this head. « his beer; they both fell ill in this very It is true I have lost a parent, for whom « room, and never went out on their own no gains I could make would be any equi

He could not pass by a heap of valent. But that was not my only tie; I broken bottles without taking up a piece, thank God another still remains (and long to shew us the arms of the family upon it. may it remain) of the fame tender nature; He then led us up the tower by dark wind- Genitrix eft mihi-and excuse me if I say ing stone steps, which landed us into seve. with Euryalus, ral little rooms one above another. One

Nequeam lachrymas perferre parentis. of these was nailed up, and our guide whispered to us as a secret the occasion of A rigid divine may call it a carnal tie, bet it : it seems the course of this noble blood sure it is a virtuous one: at least I am was a little interrupted, about two centuries more certain that it is a duty of nature to ago, by a freak of the lady Frances, who preserve a good parent's life and happiwas here taken in the fact with a neigh- ness, than I am of any speculative point bouring prior; ever since which the room whatever. has been nailed up, and branded with the

Ignaram hujus quodcunque pericli name of the Adultery-Chamber. The

Hanc ego, nunc, linquam? ghost of lady Frances is supposed to walk there, and some prying maids of the family For she, my lord, would think this feparareport that they have seen a lady in a far- tion more grievous than any other; and I, dingale through the key-hole : but this for my part, know as little as peor Earyamatter is husht up, and the servants are lus did, of the success of such an advenforbid to talk of it.

ture (for an adventure it is, and no small I must needs have tired you with this one, in fpite of the most pofitive divinity). long description : but what engaged me in Whether the change would be to my ipiit, was a generous principle to preserve the ritual advantage, God only knows; this I


" legs.

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