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were two women, extremely beautiful, sparrows, heathen gods, satyrs, and mot. though in a different kind; the one hav- iters, made up of half men, half beast. ing a very careful and composed air, the The gates were unguarded, and open to all other a sort of smile and ineffable sweetness that had a mind to enter. Upon my in her countenance: the name of the first going in, I found the windows were blindwas Discretion, and of the other Com- ed, and let in only a kind of twilight, that placency. All who came out of this gate, served to discover a prodigious number of and put themselves under the direction of dark corners and apartments, into which these two filters, were immediately con the whole temple was divided. I was here ducted by them into gardens, groves, and stunned with a mixed noise of clamour and meadows, which abounded in delights, and jollicy: on one side of me I heard singing were furnished with every thing that and dancing; on the other, brawls and could make them the proper seats of hapo clashing of swords: in short, I was so piness. The second gate of this temple little pleased with the place, that I was let out all the couples that were unhappily going out of it; but found I could not remarried; who came out linked together turn by the gate where I entered, which by chains, which each of them strove to was barred against all that were come in, break, but could not. Several of these with bolts of iron and locks of adamant; were such as had never been acquainted there was no going back from this temple with each other before they met in the through the paths of pleasure which led to great walk, or had been too well acquainted it: all who passed through the ceremonies in the thicket. The entrance to this gate of the place, went out at an iron wicket, was possessed by three filters, who joined which was kept by a dreadful giant cailed themselves with these wretches, and occa- Remorse, that held a scourge of scorpions fioned most of their miseries. The youngest in his hand, and drove them into the only of the sisters was known by the name of outlet from that temple. This was a parLevity; who, with the innocence of a fage so rugged, so uneven, and choaked virgin, had the dress and behaviour of a with so many thorns and briars, that it harlot: the name of the second was Con was a melancholy spectacle to behold the tention, who bore on her right arm a pains and difficulties which both sexes fufmuffmade of the skin of a porcupine, and fered who walked through it: the men, on her left carried a little lap-dog, that though in the prime of their youth, apbarked and snapped at every one that peared weak and infeebled with old age : paled by her. The eldest of the sisters, the women wrung their hands, and tore who seemed to have an haughty and im- their hair, and several lost their limbs, perious air, was always accompanied with before they could extricate themselves out a tawny Cupid, who generally marched of the perplexities of the path in which before her with a little mace on his shoul- they were engaged. The remaining part der, the end of which was fashioned into of this vision, and the adventures I met the horns of a lag: her garments were with in the two great roads of Ambition yellow, and her complexion pale: her eyes and Avarice, must be the subject of anowere piercing, but had odd cafts in them, ther paper.
Ibid. and that particular distemper which makes
$87. The Temple of Virtue. persons who are troubled with it fee objects double. Upon enquiry, I was in With much labour and difficulty I formed that her name was Jealousy. passed through the first part of my vision,
Taller. and recovered the centre of the wood, $ 86. The Temple of Lu.
from whence I had the prospect of the
three great roads. I here joined myself Having finished my observations upon to the middle-aged party of mankind, this temple, and its votaries, I repaired to who marched behind the standard of Amthat which stood on the left hand, and was bition. The great road lay in a direct line, called the Temple of Luft. The front of and was terminated by the Temple of it was raised on Corinthian pillars, with all Virtue. It was planted on each lide with the meretricious ornaments that accome laurels, which were intermixed with marpany that order; whereas that of the other ble trophies, carved pillars, and statues of was composed of the chaste and matron- lawgivers, heroes, statesmen, philosophers, like Ionic. The sides of it were adorned and poets. The persons who travelled up with several grotesque figures of goats, this great path, were such whose thoughts
stere bent upon doing eminent services te ple, choaked up the avenues of it, and mankind, or promoting the good of their were more in number than the sand upon country. On each side of this great road, the sea-shore, I made it my business, in were several paths that were also laid out my return towards that part of the wood in ftraight lines, and ran parallel with it: frúrn whence I first set out, to observe the there were most of them covered walks, and walks which led to this temple; for I met received into them men of retired virtue, in it several who had begun their journey who proposed to themselves the same end with the band of virtuous persons, and of their journey, though they chose to travelled some time in their company : make it in shade and obscurity. The edi- but, upon examination, I found that there fces, at the extremity of the walk, were so were several paths, which led out of the contrived, that we could not see the temple great road into the sides of the wood, and of Honour, by reason of the temple of ran into so many crooked turns and windVirtue, which stood before it: at the gates ings, that those who travelled through of this temple, we were met by the god- them, often turned their bac':s upon the dess of it, who conducted us into that of temple of Virtue, then crossed the Atraight Honour, which was joined to the other road, and sometimes marched in it for a edifice by a beautiful triumphal arch, and little space, till the crooked path which had no other entrance into it. When the they were engaged in again led them into deity of the inner structure had received the wood. The several alleys of these us, ibe presented us in a body, to a figure wanderers, had their particular ornaments: that was placed over the high altar, and one of them I could not but take notice was the emblem of Eternity. She sat on a of, in the walk of the mischievous preglobe, in the midst of a golden zodiac, tenders to politics, which had at every holding the figure of a fun in one hand, turn the figure of a person, whom, by the and a moon in the other: her head was inscription, I found to be Machiavel, veiled, and her feet covered. Our hearts pointing out the way, with an extended glowed within us, as we stood amidst the finger,like a Mercury.
Ibid. sphere of light which this image calt on every 6de of it.
$89. The Temple of Avarice.
I was now returned in the same manner 83. The Temple of Vanity. as before, with a design to observe careHaving seen all that happened to the fully every thing that pa:led in the region band of adventurers, I repaired to another of Avarice, and the occurrences in that pile of buildings that food within view of assembly, which was made up of persons the temple of Honour, and was raised in of my own age. This body of travellers imitation of it, upon the very fame model; had not gone far in the third great road, bai, at my approach to it, I found that before it led them insensibly into a deep the ftones were laid together without mor- valley, in which they journied several days, tar, and that the whole fabric food upon with great toil and uneasiness, and without So weak a foundation, that it shook with the necessary refreshments of food and every wind that blew. This was called sleep. The only relief they met with, was the Temple of Vanity. The goddess of in a river that ran through the bottom of it fat in the midst of a great many tapers, the valley on a bed of golden sand: they that barned day and night, and made her often drank of this stream, which had appear much better than the would have such a particular quality in it, that though done in open day-light. Her whole art it refreshed them for a time, it rather inwas to fhew herself more beautiful and famed than quenched their thirit. On majestic than she really was For which each side of the river was a range of hills reason he had painted her face, and wor: full of precious ore; for where the rains a clofter of falie jewels upon her breaft: had washed off the earth, one might see in but what I more particularly observed, was several parts of them long veins of gold, the breadth of her petticoat, which was and rocks that looked like pure alver. made altogether in the fashion of a modern We were told that the deity of the place had fardingal. This place was filled with forbad any of his votaries to dig into the hypocrites, pedants, free-thinkers, and bowels of these hills, or convert the treaprating politicians, with a rabble of those sures they contained to any use, under who have only titles to make them great pain of starving. At the end of the valley men. Female vo:aries crowded the tem. Itood the Temple of Avarice made after
the manner of a fortification, and fur- bags of money; nay many of them acrounded with a thousand triple-headed tually dying, whose very pangs and condogs, that were placed there to keep off vulsions (which rendered their purses osebeggars. At our approach they all fell a less to them) only made them grasp them barking, and would have much terrified the faster. There were some tearing with us, had not an old woman, who had called one hand all things, even to the garments herself by the forged name of Compe. and Aeth of many miserable persons who tency, offered herself for our guide. She stood before them; and with the other carried under her garment a golden bow, hand throwing away what they had seized, which she no sooner held up in her hand, to harlots, flatterers, and panders, that but the dogs lay down, and the gates flew stood behind them. On a sudden the open for our reception. We were led whole assembly fell a trembling; and, through an hundred iron doors before we upon enquiry, I found that the great room entered the temple. At the upper end of we were in was haunted with a spectre, it, fal the god of Avarice, with a long that many times a day appeared to them, filthy beard, and a meagre starved coun- and terrified them to distraction. In the tenance, inclosed with heaps of ingots and midst of their terror and ainazement, the pyramids of money, but half naked and apparition entered, which I immediately Thivering with cold: on his right hand knew to be Poverty. Whether it were by was a fiend called Rapine, and on his left my acquaintance with this phantom, which a particular favourite, to whom he had had rendered the fight of her more famigiven the title of Parfimony; the first was liar to me, or however it was, she did not his collector, and the other his cashier. make fo indigent or frightful a figure in There were several long tables placed on my eye, as the god of this loathsome temeach side of the temple, with respective ple. The miserable votaries of this place officers attending behind them: some of were, I found, of another mind: every one these I enquired into: at the first table fancied himself threatened by the appawas kept the office of Corruption. See- rition as she ftalked about the room, and ing a folicitor extremely busy, and whis. began to lock their coffers, and tie their pering every body that passed by, I kept bags, with the utmost fear and trembling. my eye upon him very attentively, and I must confess, I look upon the passion saw him often going up to a person that which I saw in this unhappy people, to be had a pen in his hand, with a multiplic of the same nature with those unaccount, cation-table and an almanack before him, able antipathies which some persons are which, as I afterwards heard, was all the born with, or rather as a kind of phrenzy, learning he was master of. The solicitor not unlike that which throws a man into would often apply himself to his ear, and terrors and agonies at the light of so useful at the same time convey money into his and innocent a thing as water. The whole hand, for which the other would give him assembly was surprized, when, instead of out a piece of paper, or_parchment, paying my devotions to the deity whom signed and lealed in form. The name of they all adored, they saw me address myself this dexterous and successful solicitor was to the phantom. “Oh! Poverty! (said I) Bribery. At the next table was the my firit petition to thee is, that thou pflice of Extortion: behind it faţ a person wouldest never appear to me hereafter i in a bob-wig, counting over a great sumbut, if thou wilt not grant me this, that of money: he gave out little purses to thou wouldest not bear a form more terri. several, who, after a short tour, brought ble than that in which thou appearest to him, in return, sacks full of the same kind me at present. Let not thy threats or of coin. I saw, at the same time, a person menaces betray me to any thing that is called Fraud, who fat behind the counter, ungrateful or unjuft. Let me not shut my with false scales, light weights, and scanty ears to the cries of the needy: Let me not measures ; by the kilful application of forget the person that has deferved well of which instrụments, she had got together me. Let me not, from any fear of Thee, an immense heap of wealth: it would be desert my friend, my principles, or my endless to name the several officers, or honour. If Wealth is to visit me, and describe the vocaries that attended in this come with her usual attendants, Vanity and temple: there were many old men, pant- Avarice, da thou, O Poverty! hasten ta ing and breathless, reposing their heads on my rescue; but bring along with Thee
thy two fifters, in whose company thou art That this gentleness on which we now always chearful, Liberty and Innocence.” insist, regards only those smaller offices of
Tailer. life, which, in their eyes, are not essential $ 90. The Virtue of Gentleness not to be confess, on flight occasions, of the govern
to religion and goodness. Negligent, they cenfcanded with artificial and insincere ment of their temper, or the regulation of Politenes.
their behaviour, they are attentive, as they Gentlenefs corrects whatever is offensive pretend, to the great duties of beneficence; in our manners; and, by a constant train and ready, whenever the opportunity preof humane attentions, studies to alleviate sents, to perform important services to the burden of common misery. Its office, their fellow-creatures. But let such pertherefore, is extensive. It' is not, like sons reflect, that the occasions of performsome other virtues, called forth only on ing those important good deeds very rarely peculiar emergencies; but it is continually occur. Perhaps their situation in life, or in aâion, when we are engaged in inter the nature of their connections, may, in a course with men. It ought to form our great measure, exclude them from such address, to regulate our speech, and to dif- opportunities. Great events give scope fase itself over our whole behaviour. for great virtues; but the main tenor of I must warn you, however, not to con.
human life is composed of small occurfound this gentle wisdom which is from rences. Within the round of these, lie the above, with that artificial courtesy, that materials of the happiness of most men; ktedied (moothness of manners, which is the subjects of their duty, and the trials of learned in the school of the world. Such their virtue. Virtue must be formed and accomplihments, the moft frivolous and supported, not by unfrequent acts, but by empty may possess. Too often they are daily and repeated exertions. In order to employed by the artful, as a snare; too its becoming either vigorous or useful, it often affected by the hard and unfeeling, must be habitually active; not breaking as a cover to the baseness of their minds. forth occafionally with a transient lustre, We cannot, at the same time, avoid ob- like the blaze of the comet; but regular serving the homage which, even in such in its returns, like the light of the day; not initances, the world is constrained to pay like the aromatic gale, which sometimes to virtue. In order to render society feasts the sense; but, like the ordinary agreeable, it is found necessary to affumé breeze, which purifies the air, and renders fomewhat that may at least carry its ap- it healthful. pearance: Virtue is the universal charm; Years may pass over our heads, without even its shadow is courted, when the sub- affording any opportunity for acts of high Itance is wanting; the imitation of its beneficence, or extensive utility. Whereas, form has been reduced into an art; and, not a day passes, but in the common transin the commerce of life, the first study of actions of life, and especially in the interall who would either gain the esteem, or course of domestic society, gentleness finds win the hearts of others, is to learn the place for promoting the happiness of speech, and to adopt the manners of can- others, and for strengthening in ourselves dou, gentleness, and humanity; but that the habit of virtue. Nay, by icafonable difgera!enefs which is the characteristic of a coveries of a humane spirit, we sometimes gcod man, has, like every other virtue, contribute more materially to the advanceit: feat in the heart: and, let me add, no- ment of happiness, than by actions which thing except what flows from it, can render are seemingly more important. There are evea external manners truly pleasing; for situations, not a few, in human life, where no affumed behaviour can at all times hide the encouraging reception, the condescend. the real character. In that unaffected ing behaviour, and the look of sympathy, civility which springs from a gentle mind, bring greater relief to the heart, than the there is a charm infinitely more powerful most bountiful gift: While, on the other than in all the Audied manners of the moft fide, when the hand of liberality is extended finithed courtier.
Blair. to bestow, the want of gentleness is suffi
cient to frustrate the intention of the be. $91, Opportunities for great Aêts of Be- nefit; we four those whom we meant to
Reficence rart, for Gentleness continual. oblige; and, by conferring favours with But, perhaps, it will be pleaded by some, into injuries. Can any disposition, then
oftentation and harshness, we convert them
be held to possess a low place in the scale fluence of gentleness, all in fome degree of virtue, whose influence is so confider- partake, and therefore all love it. The able on the happiness of the world. man of this character rises in the world
Gentleness is, in truth, the great avenue without ftruggle, and flourishes without to matual enjoyment. Amidst the strife envy. His misfortunes are universally of interfering interests, it tempers the vio- lamented; and his failings are easily forlence of contention, and keeps alive the given. seeds of harmony. It softens animofities, But whatever may be the effect of this renews endearments, and renders the coun virtue on our external condition, its intenance of a man, a refreshment to a man. fluence on our internal enjoyment is cera Banish gentleness from the earth ; suppose tain and powerful. That inward tranthe world to be filled with none but harsh quillity which it promotes, is the first and contentious fpirits, and what sort of requisite to every pleasurable feeling. It society would remain ? the solitude of the is the calm and clear atmosphere, the desart were preferable to it. The con- serenity and sunshine of the mind. When fliet of jarring elements in chaos; the benignity and gentleness reign within, wę cave, where subterraneous winds contend
are always leait in hazard of being ruffled and roar; the den, where serpents hiss, from without; every person, and every and beasts of the forest howl; would be occurrence, are beheld in the most favour, the only proper representations of such able light. But let fome clouds of disgust assemblies of men.--Strange! that where and ill-humour gather on the mind, and men have all one coinmon interest
, they immediately the scene changes: Nature should so often absurdly concur in defeat- seems transformed; and the appearance of ing it!. Has not nature already provided all things is blackened to our view. The a sufficient quantity of unavoidable evils gentle mind is like the smooth stream, for the state of man? As if we did not which reflects every object in its jult pro. suffer enough from the storm which beats portion, and in its fairest colours. The upon us without, must we conspire also, in violent spirit, like troubled waters, renders those societies where we assemble, in order back the images of things distorted and to find a retreat from that storm, to har- broken; and communicates to them all rass one another? Blair. that disordered motion which arises solely
Ibid. $ 92. Gentleness recommended on Confiderą. from its own agitation, tions of our own. Interest.
$93. The Man of gentle Manners is fiBut if the sense of duty, and of common perior to frivolous Offences and fight happiness, be insufficient to recommend the Provocations, virtue of gentleness, then let me desire you As soon may the waves of the fca cease to consider your own interest. Whatever
to roll, as provocations to arise from huends a good man can be supposed to pur man corruption and frailty. Attacked by sue, gentleness will be found to favour great injuries, the man of mild and gentle them; it prepossesses and wins every heart; spirit will feel what human nature feels; it persuades, when every other argument and will defend and resent, as his duty fails; often disarms the fierce, and melts allows him. But to those fiight provothe stubborn. Whereas, harshness confirms cations, and frivolous offences, which are the opposition it would subdue ; and, of an the most frequent causes of disquiet, he is indifferent person, creates an enemy. He happily superior. Hence his days flow in who could overlook an injury committed a far more placid tenor than those of in the collision of interests, will long and others; exempted from the numberless feverely resent the fights of a contemp- discomposures which agitate vulgar minds. tuous behaviour. To the man of gentle. Inspired with higher sentiments; taught ness, the world is generally disposed to to regard, with indulgent eye, the frailties ascribe every other good quality. The of men, the omissions of the careless, the higher endowments of the mind we admire follies of the imprudent, and the levity of at a distance, and when any impropriety of the fickle, he retreats into the calmneis of behaviour accompanies them, we admire his spirit, as into an undisturbed fanctuary; without love: they are like some of the and quietly allows the usual current of life distant stars, whose beneficial influence to hold its course,
Ibid. reaches not to us. Whereas, of the in