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principle within them. All the dead parts the soul, and vex it in all its faculties. He of nature are invigorated by the presence can hinder any of the greatest comforts of ef their Creator, and made capable of life from refreshing us, and give an edge exerting their respective qualities. The to every one of its slighteit calamities feveral inftin&ts, in the brute creation, do Who then can bear the thought of being likewise operate and work towards the fe an out-cast from his presence, that is, from veral ends which are agreeable to them, the comforts of it, or of feeling it only in by this divine energy. Man only, who its terrors? How pathetic is that expoftudoes not co-operate with his holy spirit, lation of Job, when for the real trial of his and is unattentive to his presence, receives patience, he was made to look upon himnone of these advantages from it, which self in this deplorable condition! Why are perfective of his nature, and necessary : hast thou set me as a mark against thee, to his well-being. The divinity is with

The divinity is with so that I am become a burden to myhim, and in him, and every where about • felf?' But, thirdly, how happy is the him, but of no advantage to him. It is condition of that intellectual being, who is the same thing to a man without religion, sensible of his Maker's presence from the as if there were no God in the world. It secret effects of his mercy and lovingis indeed imposible for an infinite Being to kindness! remove himlelf from any of his creatures ; The blessed in heaven behold him face bat though he cannot withdraw his essence to face, that is, are as sensible of his prefrom us, which would argue an imperfec- sence as we are of the presence of any pertion in him, he can withdraw from us all son whom we look upon with our eyes. the joys and confolations of it. His pre. There is doubtless a faculty in fpirits, by fence may perhaps be necessary to support which they apprehend one another, as our Es in our existence; but he may leave this fenses do material objects; and there is no our exiftence to itself, with regard to its question but our souls, when they are difhappiness or misery. For, in this sense, he embodied, or placed in glorified bodies, will may cat us away from his presence, and by this faculty, in whatever part of space take his holy spirit from us. This single they refide, be always sensible of the diconfideracion one would think sufficient to vine presence. We, who have this veil of make us open our hearts to all those infu. flesh standing between us and the world of sions of joy and gladness which are so near spirits, must be content to know the spirit at hand, and ready to be poured in upon of God is present with us by the effects us; especially when we consider, Second- which he produceth in us. Our outward ly, the deplorable condition of an intellec- senses are too gross to apprehend him; we taal being, who feels no other effects from may however taste and see how gracious he his Maker's presence, but such as proceed is, by his influence upon our minds, by from divine wrath and indignation ! those virtuous thoughts which he awakens

We may afsure ourselves, that the great in us, by those secret comforts and refreshAathor of nature will not always be as one ments which he conveys into our souls, and . who is indifferent to any of his creatures. by those ravishing joys and inward fatis. Those who will not feel him in his love, factions which are perpetually springing will be fure at length to feel him in his up, and diffusing themselves among all the displeasure. And how dreadful is the con- thoughts of good men. He is lodged in dition of that creature, who is only sensible our very essence, and is as a soul within of the being of his Creator by what he the soul, to irradiate its understanding, rec. faffers from him! He is as essentially pre- tify its will, purify its paffions, and enliven senic in hell as in heaven; but the inhabi all the powers of man. How happy there. tants of those accursed places behold him fore is an intellectual being, who by prayec coly in his wrath, and thrink within the and meditation, by virtue and good works, flames to conceal themselves from him. opens this communication between God It is not in the power of imagination to and his own soul! Though the whole crea. conceive the fearful effects of Omnipo. tion frowns upon him, and all naturę looks tence incenfed.

black about him, he has his light and sup. But I Mall only confider the wretched port within him, that are able to cheer his ness of an intellectual being, who, in this mind, and bear him up in the midst of all life, lies under the displeasure of him, that those horrors which encompass him. He at all times, and in all places, is intimately knows that his helper is ai hand, and is erited with him. He is able to disquiet always nearer to him than any thing else

can

can be, which is capable of annoying ornity of its duration, has, I think, beeri terrifying him. In the midst of caluinny evinced to almost a demonstration. or contempt, he attends to that Being who Secondly, from its paflions and fentiwhispers better things within his soul, and ments, as particularly from its love of exwhom he looks upon as his defender, his istence, its horror of annihilation, and its glory, and the lifter-up of his head. In hopes of immortality, with that secret fahis deepest solitude and retirement, he tisfaction which it finds in the practice of knows that he is in company with the virtue, and that uneasiness which follows in greatest of beings; and perceives within it upon the commission of vice. himself such real sensations of his presence, Thirdly, from the nature of the Supreme as are more delightful than any thing that Being, whose justice, goodness, wisdom, can be met with in the converlation of his and veracity, are all concerned in this creatures. Even in the hour of death, he point. considers the pains of his dissolution to be But among these and other excellent arnothing else but the breaking down of that guments for the immortality of the soul, partition, which stands betwixt his soul, and there is one drawn from the perpetual pro. the fight of that being who is always pre- gress of the soul to its perfection, without sent with him, and is about to manifelt it a possibility of ever arriving at it; which self to him in fulness of joy.

is a hint that I do not remember to have If we would be thus happy, and thus seen opened and improved by others who sensible of our Maker's prelence, from the have written on this subject, though it fecret effects of his mercy and goodness, seems to me to carry a very great weight we must keep such a watch over all our with it. How can it enter into the thoughts thoughts, that in the language of the scrip- of man, that the soul, which is capable of ture, his soul may have pleasure in us. such immense perfections, and of receiving We must take care not to grieve his holy new improvements to all eternity, shall fall {pirit, and endeavour to make the medita- away into nothing almost as soon as it is tions of our hearts always acceptable in created? Are such abilities made for no his sight, that he may delight thus to reside purpose? A brute arrives at a point of and dwell in us. The light of nature could perfection that he can never pass: in a few direct Seneca to this doctrine, in a very years he has all the endowments he is caremarkable passage among his epistles; pable of; and were he to live ten thousand Sacer inest in nobis spiritus, bonorum malorum- more, would be the same thing he is at que cuftos et observator; et quemadmodum nos present. Were a human soul thus at a illum traétamus, ita et ille nos. « There is stand in her accomplishments, were her fa• a holy spirit residing in us, who watches culties to be full blown, and incapable of • and observes both good and evil sien, farther enlargements, I could imagine it • and will treat us after the fame manner might fall away insensibly, and drop at « that we treat him. But I shall conclude once into a state of argen

But can this discourse with those more emphatical we believe a thinkin iniog, that is in a words in divine revelation;" If a man love perpetual progress of improvements, and

me, he will keep my words; and my travelling on from perfection to perfection, • Father will love him, and we will come after having just looked abroad into the • unto him, and make our abode with works of its Creator, and made a few dif• him.'

Spectator. coveries of his infinite gocdness, wisdom,

and power, muit perish at her first setting $ 9. On the Immortality of the Soul.

out, and in the very beginning of her enI was yesterday walking alone in one of quiries? my friend's woods, and loft myself in it A man, considered in his present state, very agrecably, as I was running over in seems only sent into the world to propagate my mind the several arguments that elta- his kind. He provides himself with a lucblíth this great point, which is the basis of ceifor, and immediately quits his post to morality, and the source of all the pleasing make room for him. hopes and secret joys that can arile in the heart of a reasonable creature. I consi

-H! cres dered those several proofs drawn,

Her dem altcrius, Vilut uda super zenit undamo First, froin the nature of the soul itself,

Hor. Ep. ii. 1. 2. v. 1750 * and particularly its immateriality ; which, -Heir crowds heir, as in a rolling flood

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He does not seem born to enjoy life, but and by that means preserves his distance to deliver it down to others. This is not and superiority in the scale of being ; buc farpriáng to consider in animals, which are he knows that, how high soever the station formed for our use, and can finish their is of which he stands possefied at present, business in a short life. The filk-worm, the inferior nature will at length mount up after having spun her talk, lays her eggs to it, and shine forth in the same degree of and dies. But a can never have glory. aken in his full mealure of knowledge, With what aitonihment and veneration has not time to subdue his passions, etta- may we look into our own souls, where biin his soul in virtue, and come up to the there are such hidden stores of virtue and perfection of his nature, before he is hur- knowledge, such inexhausted sources of ried off the liage. Would an infinitely perfection! We know not yet what we shall wife being make such glorious creatures be, nor will it ever enter into the heart of for lo mean a purpote? Can he delight in man to conceive the glory that will be althe production of such abortive intelli- ways in reserve for him. The soul, configraces, such short-lived reasonable beings? dered with its Creator, is like one of those Would he give us talents that are not to be mathematical lines that may draw nearer exerted ? capacities that are never to be to another for all eternity without a pofi gratifed? How can we find that wisdom bility of touching it: and can there be a waich hines through all his works, in the thought so transporting as to consider our. formation of man, without looking on this felves in these perpetual approaches to him, world as only a nursery for the next, and who is not only the standard of perfection, believing that the several generations of but of happiness!

Spectator. raticaal creatures, which rise up and dilappear in such quick successions, are only to

§ 10. The Dury of Children to their Pa. receire their first rudiments of existence here, and afterwards to be traníplanted I am the happy father of a very towardinto a more friendly climate, where they ly son, in whom I do not only see my life, Dar spread and flourish to all eternity? but also my manner of life renewed. It

There is not, in my opinion, a more would be extremely beneficial to fociety, plexing and triumphant consideration in if you would frequently resume subjects religion, than this of the perpetual progress which serve to bind these sort of relations which the soul makes towards the perfec- faiter, and endear the ties of blood with tion cf its nature, without ever arriving at those of good-will, protection, observance, a period in it. To lcok upon the foul as indulgence, and veneration. I would, megoing on from strength to strength, to con- thinks, have this done after an uncommon Ier that she is to thine for ever with new method; and do not think any one, who is accetions of glory, and brighten to all not capable of writing a good play, fit to eternity; that ihe will be still adding vir- undertake a work wherein there will netre to virtue, and knowledge to know- cessarily occur so many secret instincts and ledge; carries in it fomething wonderfully bialies of human nature, which would pass agreeable to that ambition which is natural unobserved by common eyes. I thank to the mind of man. Nay, it must be a Heaven I have no outrageous offence against prolpea pleasing to God himself, to see his my own excellent parents to antwer for; creation for ever beautifying in his eyes, but when I am now and then alone, and 2.d drawing nearer to him, by greater de- look back upon my past life, from my eargrees of relemblance.

lielt infancy to this time, there are many Methinks this fingle consideration, of faults which I committed that did not apthe progress of a finite spirit to perfection, pear to me, even until I myself became a will be iuficient to extinguish all envy in father. I liad not until then a notion of inferior natures, and all contempt in supe- the yearnings of heart, which a man has rior. That cherubim, which now appears when he sees his child do a laudable thing, as a God to a human soul, knows very or the sudden damp which feizes him when well that the period will come about in he fears he will act something unworthy. eternity, when the human soul shall be as It is not to be imagined what a remorie perfect as he himself now is: nay, when the touched me for a long train of childish neghall look down upon that degree of per- ligences of my mother, when I saw my fection as much as the now falls short of it. wite the other day look out of the window, It is true, the higher nature still advances, and turn as pale as athes upon seeing my

younger

younger boy hiding upon the ice. These his predecessor. Add to this, that the fa. ilight intimations will give you to under- ther knows he leaves a friend to the chilftand, that there are numberless little crinies, dren of his friends, an easy landlord to his which children take no notice of while they tenants, and an agreeable companion to are doing, which, upon reflection, when his acquaintance. He believes his son's they shall themselves become fathers, they behaviour will make him frequently rewill look upon with the utmost sorrow and membered, but never wanted. This comcontrition, that they did not regard, before merce is so well cemented, that without those whom they offended were to be no the pomp of saying, Son, be a friend to more seen. How many thousand things such a one when I am gone; Camillus do I remember, which would have highly knows, being in his favour is direction pleased my father, and I omitted for no enough to the grateful youth who is to other reason but that I thought what he succeed him, without the admonition of his proposed the effect of humour and old age, mentioning it. These gentlemen are howhich I am now convinced had reason and noured in all their neighbourhood, and the good sense in it! I cannot now go into the fame effect which the court has on the parlour to him, and make his heart glad manners of a kingdom, their characters with an account of a matter which was of have on all who live within the influcnce no consequence, but that I told it and acted of them. in it. The good man and woman are long My son and I are not of fortune to fince in their graves, who used to fit and communicate our good actions or intenplot the welfare of us their children, while, tions to so many as these gentlemen do ; perlaps, we were sometimes laughing at but I will be bold to say, my son has, by che old folks at another end of the house. the applause and approbation which his The truth of it is, were we merely to fol- behaviour towards me has gained him, low nature in these great duties of life, occasioned that many an old man, besides though we have a strong instinct towards myself, has rejoiced. Other men's chil. the performing of them, we should be on dren follow the example of mine; and I both sides very deficient. Age is so un. have the inexpressible happiness of overwelcome to the generality of mankind, and hearing our neighbours, as we ride by, growth towards manhood so desirable to point to their children, and say, with a all, that refignation to decay is too difficult voice of joy, “ There they go." a lak in the father; and deference, amidst

Spe&tator. the impulse of gay desires, appears unreafonable to the fon. There are so few who

$11. The Strength of parental Affection. can grow old with a good grace, and yet I went the other day to visit Eliza, who, fewer who can come flow enough into the in the perfect bloom of beauty, is the moworld, that a father, were he to be actuated ther of several children. She had a little by his desires, and a son, were he to con- prating girl upon her lap, who was begfult himself only, could neither of them be- ging to be very fine, that she might go have himself as he ought to the other. abroad; and the indulgent mother, at her But when reafon interposes against inftinet, little daughter's request, had just taken the where it would carry either out of the in- knots off her own head to adorn the hair of terests of the other, there arises that hap- the pretty, trifler. A smiling boy was at piest intercourse of good offices between the same time caressing a lap dog, which is those deareft relations of human life. The their mother's favourite, because it pleases father, according to the opportunities which the children; and the, with a delight in are offered to him, is throwing down blet. her looks, which heightened her beauty, fo sings on the son, and the son endeavouring divided her conversation with the two preto to appear the worthy offspring of such a ty prattlers, as to make them both equally father. It is after this manner that Ca chearful. millus and his firit-born dwell together, As I came in, the said with a blush, Camillus enjoys a pleasing and indolent old * Mr. Ironside, though you are an old age, in which paflion is fubdued and rea- batchelor, you must not laugh at my tenson exalted. He waits the day of his dif- derness to my children.' I need not tell solution with a resignation mixed with de- my reader what civil things I said in answer light, and the fon fears the acceslion of to the lady, whose matron-like behaviour his father's fortune with ditidence, left he gave me inhnite satisfaction: since I my, should not enjoy or become it as well as ielf take great pleasure in playing with 4

children

thildren, and am feldom un provided of fouls, which cannot be explained by the plus or marbles, to make my court to prejudice of education, the icnfe of duty, or iuch entertaining companions.

any other human motive, Whence is it, said I to myself when The memoirs of a certain French noble. I was alone, that the affection of parents man, which row lie before me, furrish me is fo intense to their offspring? Is it be- with a very entertaining instance of this cale they generally find such resemblan- secret attraction, implanted by Providence ces in what they have produced, as that in the human soul. It will be necessary to thereby they think themselves renewed inform the reader, that the person whose in their children, and are willing to trank itery I am going to relate, was one, whose bit themielves to future times ? or is it be- roving and romantic temper, joined to a calle they think themselves obliged by the disposition fingularly amorous, had !cd him cittates of humanity to nourish and rear through a vait variety of gallantries and wha: is placed so immediately under their amours. He had, in his youth, attended a protection; and what by their means is princess of France into Poland, where he breught into this world, the scene of mi. had been entertained by the King her husfery, of necesity? These will not come up band, and married the daughter of a granto it. Is it not rather the good provi- dee. Upon her death he returned into his deace of that Being, who in a fupereminent native country; where his intrigues and degree protects and cherilhes the whole other misfortunes having consumed his parace of mankind, his fons and creatures ? ternal estate, he now went to take care of How shall we, any other way, account for the fortune his deceafed wife had left him his natural affection, so signally displayed in Poland. In his journey he was robbed throughout every species of the animal before he reached Warsaw, and lay ill of a creation, without which the course of nature fever, when he met with the following adwould quickly fail, and every various kind venture; which I fhall relate in his own be eriact? 'Instances of tenderness in the words. most favage brutes are fo frequent, that “ I had been in this condition for four Çactal.ons of that kind are altogether un- days, when the countess of Venoki panied Lecetary.

that way. She was informed that a stranIfwe, who have no particular concern ger of good fashion lay fick, and her chain them, take a secret delight in obferving rity led her to see me.' I remembered her, the gentle dawn of reason in babes; if our for I had often seen her with my wife, to cars are svothed with their half-forming whom she was nearly related; but when I and aiming at articulate sounds; if we are found she knew me not, I thought fit to Carmed with their pretty mimickry, and conceal my name. I told her I was a Gerferprised at the unexpected starts of wit and man; that I had been robbed; and that if curning in these miniatures of man: what she had the charity to send me to Warlaw, transport may we imagine in the breasts of the queen would acknowledge it, I having wole, into whom natural instinct hath the honour to be known to her Majesty. pocred tenderness and fondness for them! The countess had the goodness to take how amiable is such a weakness of human compasion of me, and ordering me to be A2ture! or rather, how great a weakness put in a litter, carried me to Warsaw, where is it to give humanity so reproachful a Ī was lodged in her house until my health name! The bare consideration of pa- should allow me to wait on the queen. ternal affection should, methinks, create a “ My fever increased after my journey more grateful tenderness in children to was over, and I was confined to my bed for wards their parents, than we generally fee; fiftcen days. When the countess" firit faw and the silent whispers of nature be at me, she had a young lady with her, about tended to, though the laws of God and man eighteen years of age, who was much did not call aloud.

talier and beter shaped than the Polih These filent whispers of nature have women generally are. She was very fair, had a marvellous power, even when her skin exceedingly fine, and her air and their cause hath been unknown. Therefhape inexpressibly beautiful. I was not so are several examples in fory, of tender fick as to overlook this young beauty; and friendships formed betwixt men, who knew I felt in my heart such emotions at the first Lot of their near relation : Such accounts view, as made me fear that all my misforconfirm me in an opinion I have long en tunes had not armed me sufficiently against tertained, that there is a sympathy betwixt the charms of the fair sex,

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