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RATIONALISM IN EUROPE

VOL. IL

OF THE

RISE AND INFLUENCE

OF THE SPIRIT or

RATIONALISM IN EUROPE.

BY

W. E. H. LECKY, M.A.

REVISED EDITION.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

NEW YORK:
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,
72 FIFTH AVENUE.

1895.

GELAND STANFORD UN

UNIVERSITY

A. 26675
SAR 4 1898

CONTENTS

OF

THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER IV.- Continued.

PART II.

THE HISTORY OF PERSECUTION.

Hep who believe the Doctrine of Salvation in the Church alono wili always porsccato -

Success of Persecution shown in the Cases of the Japanese Christians, tho Albigensos,
the Spanish Protestants, the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, and the Laws of Eliza-
beth-Weakness of the Objection derived from the History of Ireland-And from
that of the English Dissenters,True Causes of Opinions-Influence of the Lovitical
Laws on Persecution-Opinions of the Fathers determined chiefy by their Circuin-
stances-Uncompromising Tolerance of Lactantius-Constantino persecutes the
Jews-And the Heretics And the Pagans Review of their Condition before Thoo-
dosius-Destruction of the Temples in the Country Districts-Libanlus-Even in
the Days of Persecution Cyprian regarded the Levitical System as the foundation of
dealings with Heretics Theology of Persecution systematised by Augustine His
Character and Influence-Aversion to the Effusion of Blood-St. Martin and Am-
brose-Opinion that Ecclesiastics should under no circumstances cause the Death of
Men-Increase of the Corporate Action of the Church stimulates Persecution-a'be
Drst Monks-Ruin of Paganism—The Church was then for several Centuries an al-
MOBc unmixed Blessing Decomposition of the Medieval Society renows Hercsicsom
Which are encountered by Persecution-Innocent III.-Unparalleled Magnitude and
Atrocity of the Persecution perpetrated by Catholicism-Protestants persecuted not
Ho atrocioasly, but quite as generally, as Catholics--Examples in Germany, England
[reland, Scotland, France, Sweden, America, and Holland-Persecution advocated or
practised by Luther, Calvin, Beza, Jurieu, Knox, Cranmer, Ridley, Melanchthon, etc

Socinus and Zuinglius tolerant-Castellio, his Life and Writings-Answered to

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