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have all the charms of a novel and his diction the beauty of a poem. They were made for a purpose, and that purpose was fully and completely carried out to every iota. Whether his views should have obtained, or those of the two Jeffersons, Thomas or Davis, ought to have obtained (and it is not within the purview of this paper to enter into a discussion of that difference), he gave his views with a wealth of diction, a clearness and precision of statement, a dignity and character of patriotism that embedded them forever in the history of jurisprudence and made the Constitution of the United States John Marshall's Constitution. And generations yet unborn will bless his name and thank God for his work.

A dinner was given by the State Bar Association at the Columbia Club in the evening, at which Edwin P. Hammond presided, where responses were made to appropriate sentiments by William A. Ketcham, U. Z. Wiley, Newton W. Gilbert, D. W. Simms, Daniel E. Storms and Robert S. Taylor.'

1 The proceedings of the State Bar Association of Indiana at its meeting on Marshall Day, including the addresses, and the sentiments and responses at the dinner, appear at length in the Official Report of the fifth annual meeting of the Association, 1901.


Marshall Day was impressively observed in the State of Illinois. In the Appellate Court of Illinois on January 31, 1901 (this being the last day of the court's session prior to Marshall Day), Stephen S. Gregory, of the Chicago bar, in the presence of a large audience and at the request of the Associated Committees of Illinois, moved the court, in fitting terms, to adjourn its session over Marshall Day, which the court did, the response being made by Mr. Presiding Justice Francis Adams.

Similar proceedings were had in the Branch Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, on February 1, 1901, the motion being made by Robert Mather of Chicago and the response being made by Mr. Presiding Justice Shepard. A similar motion was also made in the Cnited States Circuit Court of Appeals by John N. Jewett, of the Chicago bar, the response being given by Circuit Judge Woods. A similar motion was made in the United States Circuit and District Courts for the Northern District of Illinois by Charles K. Offield, the response being made on behalf of the court by Judges Seaman and Kohlsaat.

A similar motion was made by Merritt Starr in the Superior Court of Cook County on February 2, 1901, the response being given on behalf of the court by Judge

1 The proceedings in Illinois were published by the Associated Committees of that State in a quarto volume of one hundred and ninetyfour pages, in which the proceedings in the several courts and at the banquet, together with the addresses and responses, are given in full, including the proceedings before the Supreme Court of Illinois.

Gary. A like motion was made in the Circuit Court of Cook County by Simeon P. Shope, the response on behalf of the court being made by Chief Justice Smith. A similar motion was made by William S. Forrest in the Criminal Courts of Cook County, the response on behalf of the court being made by Judge Tuley. A similar motion was made in the County Court of Cook County by James B. Bradwell, the response on behalf of the court being given by Judge Carter. A like motion was made by Mary M. Bartelme in the Probate Court of Cook County, the response being made by Judge Cutting.


The principal celebration in Chicago was held at the Auditorium Theatre.

The proceedings were opened by Adolph Moses, Chairman of the Associated Committees of Illinois, in the presence of an audience of over three thousand persons. After appropriate music and an invocation by Bishop Samuel Fallows, Mr. Moses spoke as follows:

Address of Adolph Moses. In my capacity as chairman of the Associated Committees of Illinois, representing the Illinois State Bar Association, the Chicago Bar Association and other bodies of the bar, I declare the centennial exercises of John Marshall Day officially opened. One hundred years ago, on the 4th of February, 1801, at the close of the administration of President John Adams in the city of Washington, John Marshall of Virginia took the oath of office as fourth Chief Justice of the United States, as shown by copy of the official record, printed on the program of the

day. The centennial of John Marshall's assumption of this high office is now undergoing its celebration in all parts of our common country.

On July 7, 1899, before the assembled State Bar Association of Illinois, sitting at Chicago, the following statement was foreshadowed: “The celebration of this day by the bench and bar of the United States will bring together the greatest assemblage of lawyers and judges which the world has ever witnessed, and the dedication of the day will mark an event unexampled in the history of Englishspeaking lawyers and judges.” I am gratified to be able to state to this magnificent audience, and to the larger audience of the nation, that this prophecy has been reasonably fulfilled. On this historic and most unique day the uncommon fact must be recorded that judicial business bas been practically suspended in all the courts of the Nation and of the States and Territories, including the District of Columbia. As the result of an unofficial and purely voluntary movement of the American Bench and Bar, aided by the universities, law schools, public schools and a large number of people, the exalted position of Chief Justice of the United States has been brought prominently before the eyes of the people in the personality of that great constitutional seer, John Marsball. Let it also be recorded at this time that the solidarity of the American bench and bar has for the first time been accomplished in this great purpose, and the cause of education and enlightened patriotism has been greatly aided.

This was and is the sole object of John Marshall Day, which at the beginning of the twentieth century emphasizes the resolve of the American people that popular government shall find its greatest triumph in the principles of enlightenment and justice. American law

and order, constitutionally expressed, must remain triumphant in the twentieth century; it will so remain when safely anchored in the great constitutional announcements of Marshall, which gave strength to the nation without detracting in the least from the powers of the States when exercised in their proper sphere. Let us on this day be rededicated to constitutional liberty of the true American mold and the educational purpose of John Marshall Day will have been grandly accomplished.

I have the great pleasure to introduce to the audience as its chairman the honorable President of the Chicago Bar Association, John S. Miller, who will now take charge of the meeting, which will enjoy the distinguished honor of listening to a centennial oration by one of the Senators of the United States, representing the ancient and enlightened Commonwealth of Massachusetts, whose son, President John Adams, gave to the American people its greatest Chief Justice, John Marshall of Virginia. It is an inspiring theme and will receive ample treatment at the hands of our chosen orator, for whose presence on this platform the Associated Committees tender to him their profoundest thanks.

Letters were read from various descendants of Chief Justice Marshall, after which John S. Miller, President of the Chicago Bar Association, introduced the orator of the day, Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts.

Address of Henry Cabot Lodge.

One hundred years ago to-day John Marshall was duly sworn in and took his place upon the bench of the Supreme Court as Chief Justice of the United States. There seems to have been no ceremony, no parade, no pomp of any kind about the doing of it. The record of the Su

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