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TUR EXAMINATION OF TILEXUS.
TILENUS.-- Then, gentlemen, I shall take my leave, and commend you to more sober counsels and resolutions.
The leaders of this people (Heb. they that call them BLESSED) cause them to err. (Isa. ix, 16.)
Therefore behold, I am against the Prophels, saith the Lord, that steal my word every one from his neighbour. (Jer. xxiii, 30.)
Ye take away the key of knowledge. (Luke i, 52.)
Behold I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the Lord, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies and their lightness. (Jer. xxiii, 32.)
Thus have ye made the word of God of none effect by your tradition. (Mat. xv, 6. & Mark vii, 13.)
The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost, but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them. And they were scattered, because there is no shepherd. (Ezek. xxxiv, 4, 5.)
If any man teach otherwise, and consent to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness, from such withdraw thyself: For if the blind lead the blind, they shall both fall into the ditch. But they shall proceed no further ; for their folly shall be manifest unto all men. (1 Tim. vi, 3—5. Matt. xv, 14. 2 Tim. iii, 9.)
REMONSTRANTS AND CONTRA-REMONSTRANTS,
ARMINIANS AND CALVINISTS.
TO THE READER.
When those points of doctrine maintained by Melancthon and other moderate Lutherans, came to be managed by the acute wit, solid judgment and great learning of JAMES HERMINE, Public Reader in the University of Leyden, they appeared to the unprejudiced examiners so much more consonant as well to the Sacred Scriptures and right reason as to primitive Antiquity, and so much more agreeable to the MERCY, JUSTICE and Wisdom of ALMIGHTY GOD, and so much more CONDUCING UNTO PIETY, than the tenets of the rigid Calvinists, that they quickly found a cheerful reception and great multitudes of followers in the Belgic Churches. Hereupon their adversaries, (having so passionately espoused the contrary opinions, and being so vehemently carried on with a prejudice against these,) that they might the more effectually decry and suppress the propugnators of them, caused some of their confidants to represent
them and their doctrine under such odious characters as were indeed proper to their own opinions. It was given out that, among their heresies, they held: First, “that God was the author of sin,” and Secondly, " that He created the far greatest part of mankind, only of purpose to glorify himself in their damnation,"—with several others of like nature; which indeed are not only the consequence and results of Calvin's doctrine, but positively maintained and propagated by some of his followers.
That thy credulity, good Reader, may not be abused and betrayed by such practices, the following papers are hereunto annexed, to give thee, in a short view, a true account of the difference that is betwixt the disagreeing parties, with the grounds thereof.
That God to the glory and praise of his abundant gooch ness, having decreed to make man after his own image, and to give him an easy and most equal law, and add thereunto a threatening of death to the transgressors thereof, and foresceing that Adam would wilfully transgress the same, and thereby make himself and his posterity liable to condemnation ; though God was, notwithstanding, mercifully affected towards man, yet, out of respect to his justice and truth, [he] would not give way to his mercy to save man, till his justice should be satisfied, and his serious hatred of sin and love of righteousness (should] be made known.*
PROOFS OUT OF SCRIPTURE. “ God diecreed to make van after his own Image.”] So God created man after his own image. Gen. i, 26, 27. See Col. iii, 10; Eph. iv, 24.
* These Articles are not exactly the same as those which were exhibited by the Reinonstrants at the Synod of Dort, and which are found in the Synodical Acts: But whatever may be their formal difference, in substance they are not dissimilar. In transposing some of thens, and in separating the aflirmative from the negative propositions, Bishop Womack appears to bave intended the introduction of a more logical method, or a more perspicuous arrangement, than is to be seen in the original Articles. Indeed, the Remonstrants had particular reasons for intermingling their own sentiments with those of their adversaries : They wished to present the tenets of each system in close contrast, being confident, that, when viewed thus in opposition, the common sense of mankind would soou decide to which code of doctrines the preference must be given. They accordingly prepared their First Article in such a form, as to make one half of its Ten Tenets to consist
“ And to give him an easy luw," 8c.] Of the tree of knowa ledge of good and evi', thou shalt not eat. Gen. ii, 16, 17. See Rom. ii, 14, 15; Levit. xviii, 5; Ezek. xx, 11; Rom. x, 5; Gal. iii, 12.
“ Added thereto a threatening of death.”] In the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Gen. ii, 17.
“Foreseeing that Adam would wilfully transgress the same."] And who, as I, shall call and shall declare it, -and the things that are coming and shall come? Isa. xliv, 7. See Isa. xli, 22, 23.-Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world. Acts xv,
18. “ And all man's works too."y Thou understandest my thoughts afar off. Psalm cxxxix, 2. Gen. iii, 6; 2 Cor. xi, 3; 1 Tim. ii, 13, 14; Eccles. vii, 29; Isa. xlv, 21.
“ And thereby make himself and his posterity liable to condemnation."] All have sinned and come short of the glory of God. Rom. iii, 23,-By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin.
V, 12, 18, 19.—The wages of sin is death. vi, 23. Acts xvii, 26; Heb. vii, 10; Job xiv, 1, &c.; 2 Cor. v, 14, xi, 3; Rev. ii, 1; Gen. iii, 24; Deut. xxvii, 26; Gal. iii, 10; James ii, 10.
“ God was mercifully affected towards man.”] The Lord God, merciful and gracious. Exod. xxxiv, 6.—He loved us first. 1 John iv, 19; see verse 11.- Thou art a God gracious and merciful; slow to anger. Jonah iv, 2; 2 Chron. xxx, 9.-For thou, Lord, art good and ready to forgive-a God full of compassion and gracions. Psalm lxxxvi, 5, 15.—The Lord is slow to anger. As a father pitieth his children. Psalm ciii, 8, 13.–His tender mercies are over all his works. Psalm cxi, 4, and cxlv, 8, 9.—The riches of his goodness, and forbearance, and long-suffering. Rom. ii, 4.-Be ye merciful, as your Father is merciful. Luke vi, 36. Isa. lv, 7: Jer. xxxi, 20; Joel ii, 13; Numb. xiv, 18, 19; Neh. ix, 17; Deut. v, 9, 10; Jer. xxxii, 18.
“Out of respect to his justice he would not give way," &c.] He will by no means clear the guilty. Exod. xxxiv, 7-For thou
both of an affirmation and a negation, and the remainder to contain entire negations. For this mode of stating their opinions, it will be seeu by a subsequent note, they received a reprimand from the reverend Fathers in Synod assembled, who regarded ABSOLUTE REPROBATION as one of those sacred things which might not be touched by hands profane. In the Four Articles which the Remonstrants afterwards presented, they did not insert such a number of negatives, and there is consequently less variation between them and the Articles here inserted. The Bishop's model has been the regular scholastic arrangement of TENETS and REJECTIONS, which was adopted by the British Divines and others of “ the Colleges," as they were termed, at the Synod of Dort.
The title which the Remonstrants prefixed to their Articles was the following: “ These are the sentiments of the Remonstrants concerning the First Article on PREDESTINATION, which in their conscience they have hitherto thought, and still do think, to be agreeable to the word of God.”—EDITOR.