Gambar halaman

After the words near the end of the first paragraph, "where the same shall be unladen," insert "or to some port or place, or ports or places, in China, on the Indian or other seas beyond the Cape of Good Hope, from whence the said vessels shall proceed as aforesaid to some port or place in America, and there unlade their cargoes."


After the words "British territories," near the beginning of the second paragraph, insert "without the special permission of the British government there."

After the words "St. Helena," near the end of the article, insert" or at such other places as may be in the possession of Great Britain in the African or Indian seas."

At the end of the article add, "and it is further agreed, that if any other trade in and with the said British territories in the East Indies, than is hereby authorized, or any other, or greater rights, or advantages in respect thereof, shall be granted or permitted to the citizens or subjects of any European nation, the same shall be common to the citizens of the United States."


At the end of the first paragraph insert, "nor shall any higher duties or charges be imposed in one country, on the exportation of any articles to the ports of the other, than such as are payable on the exportation of the like articles to every other foreign country."


Propose to strike out the last paragraph.


Omit the words "on just suspicion of having on board enemy's property, or of carrying to the enemy any of the articles which are contraband of war."

Omit the word "other," immediately following these words, and substitute "any."

Omit the words "if any property of an enemy shoul be found on board of such vessel."

Omit the words, "belonging to an enemy."
Omit the word "otherwise."


After "tar and pitch," add "turpentine and rosin."


At the end of the first paragraph, introduce a definition of the blockade, "in order to determine what characterizes a blockade, that that denomination is given only to a port where there is, by the disposition of the power which blockades it with ships stationary, an evident danger is entering."


Omit "during the present hostilities."

After the word "Europe," which immediately follows the above words, insert "or elsewhere."

Insert the same words after the word "Europe," in the second branch of the provision.

After the word "paid," insert " or secured to be paid.” After the words "and shall," in the proviso about duties, insert "except only mahogany and fustick.”

At the end of the paragraph which precedes the last proviso, introduce the following: "It is understood that no inference is to be drawn from this article to affect any question now, or hereafter to be judicially depending, touching the legality or illegality of a direct trade from Europe or elsewhere, by citizens of the United States, with enemies' colonies beyond the Cape of Good Hope."


Omit the last paragraph.

And the following words in the first paragraph, "except for the purpose hereafter mentioned."

[ocr errors]


In the first paragraph of the article, omit the words "as favourably as the course of the war then existing may possibly permit towards the most friendly power that may remain neuter," &c. and the words "as possible," so as to make it read thus, "according to the acknowledged principles and rules of the law of nations, and as favourably, moreover, as the course of the war then existing may possibly permit towards the most friendly power that may

remain neuter."


To be struck out, and the following inserted:

The ships of war and privateers of the two nations, as well as their prizes, shall be treated in their respective ports as those of the nation most favoured.


The two last paragraphs to be struck out.



To stand thus: "It is agreed that in case either party shall hereafter grant any additional advantage in navigation or trade to any other nation, the subjects or citizens of the other party shall fully participate therein freely, where it is freely granted to such other nation, or yielding the same compensation where the grant is condi tional."

Period to be five years.


Complaints having been made by divers merchants and others, citizens of the United States, that during the war in which his majesty is engaged, they have sustained loss



and damage by reason of the irregular or illegal captures or condemnations of their vessels and other property, under colour of authority, or commissions from his majesty, contrary to the tenour of a communication from lord Hawkesbury to Mr. King, of the 11th April, 1801, of which a copy is annexed to this treaty, or contrary to the tenour of a letter from Mr. Merry to Mr. Madison, of the 12th April, 1801, of which also a copy is hereto annexed, or otherwise contrary to the known and established rules of the law of nations; and the said merchants and others having further complained that full and complete redress for the said losses and damages has not been, and cannot be, for various causes, had and obtained, in the ordinary course of judicial proceedings; his majesty agrees that he will, without delay, cause the most effectual measures to be taken in concert with the United States, for an impar tial examination of the said complaints; and that he will cause full and complete reparation to be made thereupon to the parties entitled, as justice and equity, and the nature of the respective cases shall appear to require.

London, Oct. 22, 1807.

SIR, We have the honour to transmit enclosed a duplicate of our joint letter to you by doctor Bullus, toge ther with a copy of the project of alterations to which it refers, and which could not be prepared in time to be sent with the original. We also enclose a printed copy of the act of parliament, relative to an intercourse by sea between the United States and the British North American colonies, of which a manuscript copy has already been transmitted.

[ocr errors]

Since the departure of doctor Bullus, communications have taken place between Mr. Canning and ourselves, with which it is proper that you should be made acquainted.

On the 15th instant we received from Mr. Canning a note requesting a conference on the following Saturday, (the 17th,) accompanied by a note, of which a copy is enclosed,explanatory of the purpose for which the conference was desired. Our reply was merely that we should wait on him at the time proposed. Mr. Canning opened this conference by observing that, before he stated the view

which his government had taken of the subject to which his note alluded, he had to request, if we saw no objection to it, an explanation of that part of our official note of the 24th of July, which, speaking of the written declaration of the British commissioners of the 31st of December last, suggests an opinion that the occasion which produced it" does not now appear to exist as then supposed." He then read the concluding paragraphs of the declaration, and observed that it was with a view to the reservation contained in them, that his inquiry, which we might be assured had the most friendly motive, was made. We replied by stating with exactness the real foundation of the opinion in question, which, as he seemed to wish it, we promised to repeat in a note to be sent to him without delay. A copy of the note afterwards delivered to him in pursuance of this engagement, being among the enclosures, we beg leave to refer to it for the substance of what was stated by us upon this point in conversation.

Mr. Canning closed this interview by saying, that he feared it would be necessary to postpone what he had farther to communicate, until another opportunity, and requested us to meet him again on Monday the 19th. Supposing that he was not in town on Sunday, and that nothing would be gained by sending in our promised note, before the time appointed for our adjourned conference, we took the note with us, and delivered it ourselves on Monday. Mr. Canning appeared to be satisfied with the explanation, to which we thought it our duty strictly to confine ourselves; but he did not seem to be prepared to proceed with the conference, and intimated that he would be glad to meet us again for that purpose, on the Thursday or Friday following, and would give us notice which of these days would be most convenient.

A proclamation, relative to the searching of the national and merchant vessels of neutral powers for British seamen, having appeared in the London gazette, on the 17th, with which the newspapers already forwarded and now sent will make you acquainted, we thought this a suitable occasion, of which it was incumbent on us to take advantage, for leading to an explanation of that proceeding. We began by expressing a hope that this paper was not intended to shut the door against negotiation and con

« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »