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and maintenance of wharves, piers and other structures on lands underlying harbor areas and navigable streams and bodies of water in or surrounding Porto Rico and the islands adjacent thereto; to incorporate the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of 'Teaching: forbidding the importation, exportation or carriage in interstate commerce of falsely or spuriously stamped articles of merchandise made of gold or silver or their alloys, and for other purposes; to appoint an additional judge for the Southern District of New York; further amending the trade mark laws; to. amend Section 1 of the act approved March 3, 1905, providing for an additional Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Arizona, and for other purposes; to increase the efficiency of the militia and promote rifle practice; granting to the state of California 5 per centum of the net proceeds of the cash sales of public lands in said state; to protect birds and their eggs in game and bird preserves; for the division of the lands and funds of the Osage Indians in Oklahoma Territory, and for other purposes: to prohibit shanghaiing in the United States; authorizing the striking of 200 additional medals to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Franklin; creating the Mesa Verde National Park; to amend existing laws relating to the fortification of pure sweet wines; providing for the withdrawal from public entry of lands! needed for town site purposes in connection with irrigation projects under the reclamation act of June 17, 1902, and for other purposes; providing for the erection of a monil ment on Kings Mountain battle ground commemorative of the great victory gained there during the War of the American Revolution on October 7, 1780, by the American forces; for the erection of a monument to the memory of Commodore John Barry; for the erection of a monument to the memory of John Paul Jones; in regard to a monumental column to commemorate the battle of Princeton, and appropriating $30,000 therefor; to open for settlement 505,000 acres of land in the Kiowa, Comanche and Apache Indian reservations, in Oklahoma Territory, defining the qualifications of jurors for service in the United States District Court in Porto Rico; to prohibit allens from fishing in the waters of Alaska; for the protection and regulation of the fisheries of Alaska; to amend an act entitled "An act to revise and amend the tariff laws of the Philippine Islands, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1905; providing for the election of a Delegate to the House of Representatives from Alaska; for the preservation of American antiquities; to provide for the entry of agricultural lands within forest reserves; providing for the subdivision of lands entered under the Reclamation act, and for other purposes; to authorize the Secretary of the Navy to loan temporarily to the Philippine government a vessel of the United States Navy for use in connection with nautical schools of the Philippine Islands; to regulate the construction of bridges over navigable waters; extending the thanks of Congress to General Horace Porter; to provide for an increased annual appropriation for agricultural experiment stations and regulating the expenditure thereof; to prevent the unlawful wearing of the badge or insignia of the Grand Army of the Republic or other soldier organizations; directing the selection of a site for the erection of a bronze statue in Wshington, D. C., in honor of the late Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; to provide for the appropriate marking of the graves of the soldiers and sailors of the Confederate army and navy who died in Northern prisons and were buried near the prisons where they died; authorizing the commencement and conduct of legal proceedings under the direction of the Attorney General.

TREATIES WITH FOREIGN COUNTRIES. The Senate ratified on December 13, 1905, a supplementary extradition treaty with Great Britain; on February 28, 1906, a copyright conventior. with Japan; on March 4, 1906, a convention with Rumania for the reciprocal protection of trade-marks; on March 20, 1906, a treaty of extradition with San Marino; on April 26, 1906, a convention with Great Britain providing for the survey

of the Alaskan-Canadian boundary; on June 22, 1906, a supplementary extradition treaty with Japan, and on June 26, 1906, a convention with Mexico providing for the equitable distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande for irrigation purposes.

On May 29, 1906, a sanitary convention was ratified, signed on Oct. 14, 1905. by representatives of the United States, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, the Dominican Republic and Venezuela.

Under the provisions of the third section of the Dingley Tariff act President Roosevelt put into effect by proclamation on January 2, 1906, an agreement with Switzerland granting these special tariff rates on Swiss products:

Upon argols, or crude tartar, or wine lees, crude, 5 per centum ad valorem.

Upon brandies, or other spirits manufactured or distilled from grain or other materials, $1 75 per proof gallon.

Upon still wines and vermouth, in casks. 35 cents per gallon; in bottles or jugs, nor case of one dozen bottles or jugs, containing each not more than one quart and more than one pint, $1.25 per case, and any excess beyond these quantities found in such bottles or jugs shall be subject to a duty of + cents per pint or fractional part thereof, but no separate or additional duty shall be assessed upon the bottles or jugs.

Upon paintings in oil or water colors, pastels, pen and ink drawings and statuary, 1.3 per centum ad valorem.

In return Switzerland admits all American products at the lower conventional tariff rates granted to countries having reciprocal agreements with the republic. On February 28 a similar agreement with Germany for the year from March 1, 1906, to March 1, 1907. was announced by proclamation, Germany granting American products the benefit of her conventional tariff. On August 29, 1906, a similar agreement with Spain went into effect, Spain contracting to give the United States the treatment in ner custom houses accorded to the most favored nation (Portugal excepted).




1904-'05. Agriculture

$7,026,210 00 $3,932, 940 00 $6,882, 690 00 $5,902,040 00 Army

69,533, 167 87 71,817, 165 08 70,396,631 64 77,070,300 88 Diplomatic, consular

3,805,117 72 3,091,094 17 2,123,047 72 2,020,100 69 1 Dist. of Columbia. 11,299, 264 00 10,138,692 16 9,801,197 62 11,018,540 00 Fortification

8,953, 112 90

5,053,993 001 6,747,893 00 7,518,192 00 Indian

8,212,528 23 9, 260,399 98 7,923,814 34 9,447,961 40 Legislative, etc.. 29, 384,471 03 29,741,019 30 29, 136,752 06 28,558, 258 22 Military Academy. 1,707,301 17 1,664,707 67

573,713 38

973,947 26 Navy

121,565, 718 82 102,071,650 27 100,336,679 94 97,505,140 94 Pension

141,345,500 00 140, 245,500 00 138,250,100 00 138,360,700 00 Postoffice

193,210, 070 00 191,695,998 75 181,022, 093 75 172,545,998 78 River and harbor.



618,181,875 41 143,000,000 00 Sundry civil

67,077,630 71 698,274,574 32 766,813, 450 66 1657,840, 211 34 Totals

$664,220,095 47 $672,987, 734 701 $638, 289,939 52 $611,761,391 48 Isthmian canal deficiency

$26,500,000 0011$11,000,000 00 Urgent deficiency,

additional, 1906,

and prior years.. $30,000,000 00 16,270,332 09 $61,683,288 72 $16, 102, 157 64 Urgent deficiency,

additional, 1906, and prior years.:

274, 925 51

10,669,732 54 Deficeincy, 1906, and prior years..

11,573,989 02 Total $710,720,095 47 $712, 106,981 32 $669,973,228 24

$638,533,281 66 Miscellaneous

$$30,000,000 001 10$28,000,000 00 $3,375,086.72 $1,167,273 52

$639, 700,555 18 $141,471,820 00

Total regular

annual appropriations

$740, 720,095 47 $740, 106,981 32 $673,318,314 96 Permanent annual appropriations 12$140,076,320 00112$140,076, 320 00 $146,836,320 00 Grand total reg

ular and permanent annual appro

priations $880,796,415 47| 13$880,183,301 32 $820,184,634 96 Amount of estimated revenues for fiscal year 1907, based on actual

revenues for 1906. ... Amount of estimated postal revenues for fiscal year 1907.

$781,172,375 18 $600,000,000 00 181,573,204 00

Total estimated revenues for fiscal year 1907.

$781,573,364 00 1 One-half of the amounts for the District of Columbia payable by the United States, except amounts for the Water Department (estimated for 1907 at $164,166), which are payable from the revenues of the Water Department. % Includes all expenses of the Postal Service payable from postal revenues aud out of the Treasury, "No amount is estimated for rivers and harbors for 1907 except the sum of $14,000,000 to meet contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements included in the sundry civil estimates for 1907. 4 No River and Harbor act was passed for 1907. 5 In addition to this amount, the sum of $10,514,132 is appropriated in the Sundry Civil act to carry out contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements for 1900. *This amount includes $14,000,000 to meet contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements for 1907. 7This amount includes $17,318,976.14 to carry out contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements and $25, 456,415.08 for construction of the Isthmian Canal for 1997. This amount includes $10,544,132 to carry out contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements for 1906, This amount is approximated. ioThis amount includes $10,250,000 under the Oklahoma and New Mexico act, ani $10,321,600 for new public buildings, and is approximated. illn addition to this amount the sum of $25,456, 415.08 is appropriated in the Sundry Civil act and $5,990,786 in the Urgent Deficiency act, making the total appropriations passed at this session for the Isthmian Canal $42,447,201.08. 12This is the amount submitted by the Secretary of the Treasury in the annual estimates for the fiscal year 1907, the exact amount appropriated not being ascertainable until two years after the close of the fiscal year. This amount incluões estimated amount of $57,000,000 to meet sinking fund obligations for 1907, and $22,000,000 estimated redemptions of national bank notes in 1907 out of deposits by banks for that purpose. 13 This sum includes approimately $31,000,000 not included in formal estimates from the departments to Congress. 14 In addition to this amount, the sum of $7,872, 200 is appropriated in the Sundry Civil act to carry out contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements for 1905. 15 This amount includes $7,872,200 to carry out contracts authorized by law for river and harbor improvements for 1905.



CIVIL SERVICE LAWS. The term "Civil Service Act” refers to an act of Congress "lo regulate and improve the Civil Service of the United States," approved January 16, 1883, which gave the power to the President to appoint, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, three persons, not more than two of whom shall be adherents of the same party, as a commission, with authority to prescribe regulations in pursuance of and for the execution of the provisions of the rules and of the Civil Service Act, The act requires that the rules shall provide among other things for open competitive examinations for testing fitness of applicants for the public service, the filling of classified positions by selections from among those passing with highest grades, an apportionment of appointments in the departments at Washington among the States and Territories, a period of probation before absolute arpointment, and the prohibition of the use of official authority to coerce the political action of any person or body. The act also provides for investigations touching the enforcement of the rules promulgated, and forbids, under penalty of fine or imprisonment, or both, the solicitation by any person in the service of the United States of contributions to be used for political purposes from persons in such service, or the collection of such contributions by any person in a government buildirg.

The terms used in the regulations are: "Classified Service," referring to all that part of the executive Civil Service of the United States included within the provisions of the act; “Grade," referring to a group of employes or positions in the classified service arranged upon a basis of duties performed without regard to salaries received; *Class," referring to a group of employee or positions in any grade arranged upon the basis of salaries received, and "Excepted Position," referring to any position within the provisions of the Civil Service Act, but excepted from the requirement of competitive examination or registration for appointment thereto.

The Executive Civil Service in 1908 embraced about 326,000 positions, with a payroll of about $200,000,000. One hundred and eighty-four thousand one hundred and seventy-eight positions are subject to competitive examination under the civil service act and rules. of the holders of positions not subject to competition nearly 70,000 are postmasters, 4,500 pension examining surgeons, about 3.000 Indians in minor posltions in the Indian service, and about 7,000 nominees subject to confirmation by the Senate. Examinations are also now preseribed for the consular service under board in the State Department outside the civil service rules.

Examinations are held in every State and Territory at least twice a year. They relate as nearly as possible to the duties to be performed and, wherever practicable, include practical tests. No

is certified for

apAdmissions pointment whose standing in any examination is less than 70 and Removals. per cent, except soldiers and sailors having preference under

Section 1,754 of the Revised Statutes, who need obtain but 65 per cent.

A certificate is given to each person examined, statirg whether he or she passed or failed to pass. Upon requisition of an appointing officer the commission certifies the names of three eligibles for the position desired to be filled, and from the eligibles thus certified selections are made. Provision is also made in the rules for the filling of positions by promotion, reduction, reinstatement or transfer.

During the fiscal year 1905-'06 117,277 persons were examined, of whom 91,345 passed and 39,050 were appointed.

Persons discharged from the military or naval service by reason of disability resulting from wounds or sickness incurred in the line of duty who receive a rating of at least 65 are certified first for appointment, All others are required to obtain a rating of 70 or more to become eligible. The rule barring reinstatement after a separation of one year does not apply to any person honorably discharged after service in the Civil War or the war with Spain, or his widow, or an army nurse of either war.

The revision of the rules promulgated by President Roosevelt on March 20, 1903, contains this limitation on the power of removal: "No person shall be removed from a competitive position, except for such cause as will promote the efficiency of the public service, and for reasons given in writing, and the person whose removal is sought shall have notice and be furnished a copy thereof, and be allowed a reasonable time for personally answering the same in writing; but no examination of witnesses nor any trial or hearing shall be required except in the discretion of the officer making the removal. Copy of such reasons. notice and answer, and of the order of removal, shall be made a part of the records of the proper department or office, as shall also the reasons for any change in rank or compensation, and the commission shall upon request be furnished with copies or the originals thereof."

On October 17, 1905, President Roosevelt issued an order modifying the conditions of removal as follows: "When the President or head of an executive department is satisfied that an officer or employe in the classified service is inefficient or incapable, and that the public service will be materially improved by his removal, such removal will be made without hearing; but the cause of removal shall be stated in writing and filed. When misconduct is committed in the view and presence of the President or head of executive department, removal may be made summarily and without notice."

The rules also forbid any person in the executive Civil Service to use his official authority or influence for the purpose of interfering with an election or affecting the result thereof." They provide that no discrimination shall be exercised, toreatened or promised by any person in the executive Civil Service against or in favor of an applicant, eligible or employe in the classified service because of his political or religious opinions or affiliations. Persons who served in the military or naval service of the United States and were discharged by reason of disabilities resulting from wounds or sickness incurred in the line of duty have under the rules a certain preference. They are released from all maximum age limitation, are eligible for appointrent at a grade of 63 (while all others are obliged to obtain a grade of 70), and are certified to appointing officers before non-veterans. By two executive orders, one of July 3, 1902, and the other of March 20, 1903, President Koosevelt directed that appointments of all unclassified laborers in departments in Washington be made in accordance with registration tests for fitness, and extenued those tests to laborers and workmen in the government employment in such other large cities as might be agreed on by heads of departments and the Civil Service Commission.

In addition to the home service, the commission holds examinations for positions in the Isthmus of Panama Canal zone, in the Philippines, Porto Rico and Hawaii. Besides examinations for positions in the classified service, the commission also holds examinations for entrance to the Naval Academy, the municipal government of the District of Columbia, including the office of the Recorder of Deeds, and for laborers In the departments at Washington and in the large cities of the country. Appointments of unclassified laborers in the departments at Washington and in the large cities under executive order are required to be made in accordance with regulations restricting appointment to applicants who are rated highest in physical condition. The system, however, is outside the Civil Service act and rules.

In pursuance of an act of Congress approved April 12, 1900, the civil authority of the United States succeeded the military in Porto Rico. Inasmuch as the ex

ecutive officers and employee under this act became a part of In Porto Rico the executive Civil Service of the United States they were and Hawaii, held to come within the operations of the Civil Service act

and rules. There are approximately 301 federal positions, of which 152 are subject to competitive educational examination, 81 subject to competitive registration, 20 are excepted and 48 are not subject to classification. In Hawaii the same classes of positions are embraced within the classified Civil Service as are included in that service in other Territories.

On September 19, 1900, the United States Philippine Commission passed an "act for the establishment and maintenance of an efficient and honest Civil Service

in the Philippine Islands." The act provides for a Civil SerIn the Philippines. vice Board of three persons, which is authorized to prepare

rules for appointments and promotions according to merit and by competitive examination as far as practicable. The act applies with few exceptions to all appointments of civilians to positions under the civil government, and vacancies in the highest positions must be filled by promotion. On November 30, 1900, the President issued an order directing the United States Civil Service Commission to render such assistance as may be practicable to the Philippine Civil Service Board. In accordance with this order the commission examined 1,174 persons tor the Philippine service during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1902, and 534 during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1903 These examinations were for positions requiring professional, technical, scientific or special clerical ability, as natives are appointed to all positions for which they are competent. The revised Civil Service rules provide that those who enter the Philippine Service are eligible for transfer to the home service after three years' employment in the Philippines.


POSTAL LAWS- GENERAL POSTAL INFORMATION. Classes of Domestic Mail Matter.--Domestic mail is divided into four classes, as follows:

First Class-Letters, postal cards, private mailing cards and matter wholly or partly in writing, whether sealed or unsealed (except manuscript copy accompanying proof sheets or corrected proof sheets of the same), and all matter sealed or otherwise closed against inspection. Rates of postage-Two cents per ounce or fraction thereof. Postal cards, one cent each. "Post Cards with written mesBages, conforming approximately to government postal cards in quality and weight and to the regulations prescribed by the Postmaster General, one cent each. On "drop" letters, two cents per ounce fraction thereof, when mailed at letter carrier offices, or when mailed at offices which are not letter carrier offices, if rural free delivery has been established and the persons addressed can be served by rural carrier. The only drop letters entitled to the one cent drop letter rate of postage are those deposited in postoflces where neither letter carrier nor rural delivery service has been established and those deposited in postoffices where rural delivery service has been establisl.ed, and the persons addressed cannot be served by rural carrier, because they reside beyond the limits of the rural delivery service.

Second Class--Newspapers and publications issued at stated intervals as often as four times a year, bearing a date of issue and numbered consecutively, issued from a konown office of publication, and formed of printed paper sheets, without board, cloth, leather or other substantial binding. Such publications must be originated and published for the dissemination of information of a public character, or devoted to literature, the sciences, art, or some special industry. They must have a legitimate list of subscribers equal to 50 per cent of the number of copies regularly issued and circulated, and must not be designed primarily for advertising purposes, or for free circulation, or at nominal rates, or have the characteristics of books. Rate of postageFor publishers and news agents, one cent a pound or fraction thereof. For others than publishers and news agents, one cent for each four ounces or fraction thereof.

Third class-Books, periodicals and matter wholly in print (not included in second class), proof sheets, corrected proof sheets and manuscript copy accompanying the


Rate of postage-One cent for each two ounces or fraction thereof. Seeds, scions, cuttings, roots and plants, and also correspondence of the blind printed in raised characters, and sent unsealed, are ma ilable at third class rates. The insertion of the date, name of the addressee and sender in writing does not impair the rights of a circular to the third class.

Fourth Class Merchandise, namely, al matter not embraced in the other three classes, and which is not in its form or nature liable to destroy, deface or otherwise damage the contents of the mail bag, or harm the person of any one engaged in the postal service, and not above the weight provided by law. Rate of postage-One cent per ounce or fraction thereot

Payment of Postage. On first class matter the postage should be fully prepaid, but if two cents in stamps be affixed the matter will be dispatched with the deficient postage rated thereon, to be collected of addressee before delivery. Packages of first class matter exceeding four (4) pounds in weight must be fully prepaid; but letters and packages of first class matter weighing less than four (4) pounds when prepaid one full letter rate will be dispatched and the deficiency collected of the addressee. The fee is 8 cents, in addition to postage, and must invariably be prepaid.

Limit of Weight.--A package must not exceed four pounds in weight, unless it be a single book. Second class matter and fully prepald" first class matter are not subject to the four pound limitation.

Registry System.All mailable matter may be registered if fully prepaid with ordinary postage stamps, but not matter addressed to fictitious names, other than legitimato trade names, initials or box numbers, or bearing vague and indefinite addresses, The registry fee is eight cents, in addition to the postage, both of which must invariably be prepaid.

Money Order System.-Fees for money orders are as follows: 3 cents to 30 cents for orders on Domestic form payable in the United States and Island possessions (Porto Rico, Hawaii, Guam and the Philippine Islands), the United States Postal Agency at Shanghai, in Canada. Cuba and Newfoundland, and in Barbados, Grenada, St. Lucia and St. Vincent (West Indies); 8 cents to 50 cents for International orders payable in Austria, Bahamas, Belgium, Bermuda Bolivia, British Guiana, British Honduras, Chili, Costa Rica, Denmark, Egypt, Hungary, Jamaica, Japan, Leeward Islands, Liberia, Luxemburg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Sweden, Switzerland, Transvaal and Trinidad; 10 cents to $1 for International orders payable in Apia (Samoa), Cape Colony, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Honduras (Republic), Hongkong, Italy, New South Wales, Portugal, Queensland, Russia, Salvador, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria. The maximum amount of a single order is $100. International money orders may be issued up to $100, which is the maximum, except for orders issued and payable in Cape Colony, for which the maximum amount is $50.

Postal Conventions.-Postal conventions are now in operation for the exchange of money orders between the United States and the following countries: Great Britain, Switzerland, Germany, France, Italy, Canada, Newfoundland, Jamaica, New South Wales, Victoria, New-Zealand, Queensland, Cape Colony, Windward Islands (Barbados, Grenada, St. Vincent and St. Lucia), Leeward Islands (Antigua, St. Christopher-Nevis, Dominica, Montserrat and the Virgin Islands), Belgium, Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira); Tasmania, Sweden, Norway, Japan, Denmark, Netherlands, Bahama Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Austria-Hungary, British Guiana Luxembourg, Bermuda, South Australia, Salvador, Chili, Honduras, Egypt, Hong Kong, British Honduras, Cuba, Russia, Mexico, Bolivia, Apia (Samoa), Costa Rica, Greece, Liberia, Peru and the Transvaal.

Special Delivery -The regulations governing "rapid” or "special delivery provide that any article of mailable matter bearing a 10c.special delivery stamp, in addition to the lawful postage, is entitled to immediate delivery on its arrival at any United States postoffice between the hours of 7 a. m. and 11 p. m., if the office be of the tree delivery class, and between the hours of 7 a. m. and ? p. m., and to the arrival of the last mail, provided this be not later than 9 p. m., if the office be other than a free delivery office.

To entitle such a letter to immediate delivery the residence or place of basiness of the addressee must be within the regular letter

carrier limits of a free delivery office, and within one mile of any other office.

Special delivery articles are also delivered by rural carriers to bona nde patrons of their routes (those who have erected approved boxes), provided they live not exceeding one mile from the route.

Special delivery stamps are not available for the payment of postage, nor can ordinary postage stamps be used to secure immediate delivery of mail matter.

Foreign Postage Rates. The rates of postage to all foreign countries and colomes (except Canada, Cuba, Panama and Mexico) are as follows: Letters 15 grams (4 ounce), 5c. : postal cards, each, 2.; double postal cards, each, 4c., newspapers and other printed matter, per 2 ounces, ic, Commercial papers: Packets not in excess of 10 ounces, 5c; packets in excess of 10 ounces, for each 2 ounces or fraction thereof, 10. Sample of merchandise packets not in excess of 4 ounces, 2c.; packets in excess of 4 ounces, for each 2 ounces or fraction thereof, 1c. Registration fee on letters or other articles, 8c.

Ordinary letters for any foreign country (except Canada and Mexico) must be forwarded whether any postage is prepaid on them or not. All other mailable matter must be prepaid, at least partially. Matter mailed in the United States addressed to Canada, Cuba, Panama or Mexico is subject to the same postage rates and conditions as it would be it itwere addressed for delivery in the United States. Full prepayment is

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