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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER 1.--INTRODUCTORY.

Motives for coming to this country—Religion thought to be

a part of Government-Intolerance, the Spirit of the Age

- Maryland an Exception-Why Colonists left England-

Different kinds of Colonial Governments .......................13

CHAPTER II.-LORD BALTIMORE.

The Founder of Maryland-Early Schemes-Newfoundland

-Sails for Virginia --Chesapeake Bay--Return to Eng.

land - Death Cecil Calvert Opposition of Virginia

Colony-Claiborne..... ..............................................17

CHAPTER III.-THE CHARTER.

Powers granted by the Charter - Land and Churches-

“ Hitherto Uncultivated” Lands Application of the

Term- Claiborne-Swedes and Dutch- Boundary Lines

by Charter

CHAPTER IV.-EARLY SETTLEMENT OF MARYLAND.

Preparations-Leonard Calvert-Einbarkation–The “Ark"

and the “ Dove," and the “Mayflower"-Arrival-Land-

ing-Exploration-Interview with Indians-Treaty with

them--Advantages enjoyed by other Colonies—The Strik-

ing Features of this Colony.

...........................................24

CHAPTER V.-CLAIBORNE'S REBELLION.

Claiborne, the Evil Genius of the Colony-His Claim-Ex-

cites the Indians— Resorts to Violence— Flees to Virginia

Sent to England - First Legislative Assembly - Divi-

sion of Land ......

.32

CHAPTER VI.-The Second GenERAL ASSEMBLY.

Missionaries—Kent Island-New Hundred-New Code of

Laws-Trial of Smith-Claiborne's Efforts in England

Returns to Virginia-Conversion and Baptism of the Tayao

-Father White-Privileges of the Governor Extended..36

..................

CHAPTER VII.-CLAIBORNE AND INGLE'S REBELLION.

Death of Calvert-Troubles in England—Insubordination of

Claiborne -- Calvert visits England - Indian Troubles

Ingle-Gov. Brent-Calvert's Return-Endeavors to obtain

Possession of Kent Island-Calvert compelled to Flee-

Conduct of the Insurgents — Success of Parliamentary

Party-Calvert regains Possession-Death of Calvert....42

CHAPTER VIII.-LIBERTY OF CONSCIENCE.

New Guards to Liberty of Conscience-Oath of Office-Acts

of Assembly - Protection of Feelings — Who formed the

Assembly

............... 47

CHAPTER IX.-PURITAN SETTLEMENTS.

The Liberal Policy attracts Settlers—Richard Bennett and

bis Puritans—Chivalric Conduct of Marylanders—Inilu.

ence of Puritans—Reduction of Virginia--Claiborne and

Bennett's Descent upon Maryland–The Proprietaryship

Abolished-Indian Troubles-Claiborne and Bennett's In.

vasion-Puritan Intolerance ......................... ... .........50

CHAPTER X.-RESTORATION OF THE PROPRIETARY.

Rebuke to Gov. Stone-Recovery of Records—Unsuccessful

Expedition to Providence-Barbarity of Puritans-Appeal

to Cromwell - Decision of the Board of Trade - Bennett

makes Terms-Fendall--The last of Claiborne....

............54

CHAPTER XI.-PEACE AND PROSPERITY.

Calm-Charles Calvert-Increase of Population-Planters,

Maryland Domestic Life-Slavery-Šervants—Quakers-

Fox — Land of the Sanctuary - Death of Proprietary-

Fendall's Attempt at Rebellion - End of the Period of

Repose.......

...............58

CHAPTER XII.-STATE OF SOCIETY, to 1689.

Friendship of the Natives—Kind of Government–Trade-

Coin-Luxuries-Fruit-The Baltimore Bird-Tobacco

Travelling .........

...... 62

CHAPTER XIII.-REVOLUTION OF 1689.

James II, Banished--Williain and Mary-Delay of Instruc-

tions-Protestant Association -John Coode--First Royal

Governor--Acts of Assembly--Lord Baltimore appeals to

the King--Removal of the Capital--Second Royal Gov.

Improvements --Sickness -- Effect of the Royal

Administrations.

......... 64

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CHAPTER XIV.-THE RESTORATION OF THE PROVINCE.

Death of Charles, Lord Baltimore--Province restored to his

Son-- Undisturbed Tranquility-Policy towards Indians

Establishment of Baltimore -- Fell's Point --Commercial

Advantages--Elk Ridge Landing--Annapolis--Maryland

Gazette--Frederick--Georgetown-Death of Proprietary--

State of the Colony....

..............69

CHAPTER XV.-BOUNDARY DISPUTES.

Watkins' Point-Dispute with Pedo-Penn's Grant- Penn

Attacks the Charter-Baltimore out of Favor at Court

The King is patron to Penn-His Expulsion-Settlement

Postponed - Mason and Dixon's Line – Shrewdness of

Penn-Virginia Boundary.........

......... 74

CHAPTER XVI.-FREDERICK, LAST LORD OF BALTIMORE.

English and French War-Claims of each-Bold design of the

Governor of Canada-Maryland Stands Aloof-Opposition

to Arbitrary Demands-Dinwiddie's Perplexities–Mary.

land takes a part-Fort Cumberland-Acts of Assembly.78

CHAPTER XVII.-BRADDOCK'S DEFEAT.

Braddock's Arrival - Council at Alexandria - Braddock at

Frederick-Arrival of Franklin Franklin's Suggestion-

Braddock's Confidence- Franklin's Proposition March

over the Mountains Baggage - Mutual Disgust- Brad.

dock rejects the Indians and backwoodsmen-Slow Move-

ments—The Contest-the Defeat.......... .............. 81

CHAPTER XVIII.-FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.

Terror and Desolation - Plantations laid Waste - Panic –

Expedition against Fort DuQuesne-Grant's Bravado and

Defeat-Gallantry of Marylanders—Abandonment of the.

Fort by the French....

....88

CHAPTER XIX.-The DAYS BEFORE THE REVOLUTION.

The Democratic and the Aristocratic Elements-Claims of

the two Houses—Peace Debt-Condition of Maryland

Influence of French War—The old Controversy Revived

Preparatory Steps to the Stamp Act...........

.................94

CHAPTER XX.-STAMP ACT.

Stamp Act Imposed— Maryland Assembly Prorogued- No

Stanıps in Maryland - Protest of Assembly - Treatment

of Hood --Acts of Assembly- Frederick County Court-

“Sons of Liberty"-Repeal of Stamp Act........... ....97

CHAPTER II.-LORD DUNMORE.

Plans of Lord Dunmore-Attempt to Inflict a Servile War-

Discovery of his Plans-Aid to Eastern Shore of Virginia

- Batteries erected near Baltimore-The Otter "_"The

Detence"-State Navy-Gov. Eden-Civil Authority and

Military Power-Eden sent to England-Militia sent to

the Coast-Flying Camp ............

......... 124

CHAPTER III.- DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

Vain Hopes of Settlement-Rebels or Freemen-Order issued

by the Convention of Maryland-Declaration of Indepen.

dence- Charles Carroll of Carrollton-State Government

- Disposition of Troops ........ ............................. 131

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....147

CHAPTER VIII.

More Troops Demanded - Disaffection - British Evacuate

Philadelpbia - Battle of Monmouth-Gen'l Lee — Wash-

ington's Reliance on Maryland Officers - Landing and

Retreat of British Troops..

..151

CHAPTER IX.

Maryland's Quota large and always Full-Early Harvests

-Arrival of French Fleet-Paper Money-Pensions to

Troops- Depreciation of Currency-Confiscation - Tax-

The Price of Liberty....

155

CHAPTER X.—THE CONFEDERATION.

Delay of Confederation - Difficulty of Adjusting Public

Lands-Clause Secured by Virginia-Maryland Objects

- Compromise proposed by New York-Sovereign states

Maryland's Efforts in the Common Cause................158

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