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CONTENTS.

PART I.

CHAPTER I.—Introductory.

Motives for coming to thia Country—Religion thought to ba

a part of Government—Intolerance, the Spirit of the Age

—Maryland an Exception—Why Colonists left England—

Different kinds of Colonial Governments 13

CHAPTER II.—Lord Baltimore.

The Founder of Maryland—Early Schemes—Newfoundland

—Sails for Virginia—Chesapeake Bay—Return to Eng-

land— Death — Cecil Calvert — Opposition of Virginia

Colony—Claiborne .. „. ,„.„17

CHAPTER III.—This Charter.

Powers granted by the Charter—Lan<l and Churches—

"Hitherto- Uncultivated" Lands — Application of the

Term—Claiborne—Swedes and Dutch—Boundary Lines

by Charter „ U. 21

CHAPTER IV.—Early Settlement Op Maryland.

Preparations—Leonard Calvert—Embarkation—The "Ark"

and the " Dove," and the "Mayflower"—Arrival—Land-

ing—Exploration—Interview with Indians—Treaty with

them—Advantages enjoyed by other Colonies—The Strik-

ing Features of this Colony 24

CHAPTER V.—Claiborne's Rebellion.

Claiborne, the Evil Genius of the Colony—His Claim—Ex-

cites the Indians—Resorts to Violence—Flees to Virginia

— Sent to England — First Legislative Assembly — Divi-

sion of Land 32

CHAPTER VI.—The Second General Assembly.

Missionaries—Kent Island—New Hundred—New Code of

Laws—Trial of Smith—Claiborne's Efforts in England—•

Returns to Virginia—Conversion and Baptism of the Tayao

—Father White—Privileges of the Governor Extended„36

CHAPTER VII.—Claiborne And Ingle's Rebellion.

Death of Calvert—Troubles in England—Insubordination of

Claiborne—Calvert visits England — Indian Troubles —

Ingle—Gov. Brent—Calvert's Return—Endeavors to obtain

Possession of Kent Island—Calvert compelled to Flee—

Conduct of the Insurgents — Success of Parliamentary

Party—Calvert regains Possession—Death of Calvert....42

CHAPTER VIII.—Liberty Op Conscience.

How Guards to Liberty of Conscience—Oath of Office—Acts

of Assembly — Protection of Feelings—Who formed the

Assembly 47

CHAPTER IX.—Puritan Settlements.

The Liberal Policy attracts Settlers—Richard Bennett and

his Puritans—Chivalric Conduct of Marylanders—Influ-

ence of Puritans—Reduction of Virginia—Claiborne and

Bennett's Descent upon Maryland—The Proprietaryship

Abolished—Indian Troubles—Claiborne and Bennett's In-

vasion—Puritan Intolerance - 50

CHAPTER X.—Restoration Op The Proprietary.

Rebuke to Gov. Stone—Recovery of Records—Unsuccessful

Expedition to Providence—Barbarity of Puritans—Appeal

to Cromwell — Decision of the Board of Trade — Bennett

makes Terms—Fendall—The last of Claiborne 54

CHAPTER XI.—Peace And Prosperity.

Calm—Charles Calvert—Increase of Population—Planters—

Maryland Domestic Life—Slavery—Servants—Quakers—

Fox — Land of the 8anctuary — Death of Proprietary —

Fendall's Attempt at Rebellion — End of the Period of

Repose 53

CHAPTER XII.—State Op Society, To 1689.

Friendship of the Natives—Kind of Government—Trade—

Coin—Luxuries—Fruit—The Baltimore Bird—Tobacco—

Travelling 62

CHAPTER XIII.—Revolution Op 1689.

James II, Banished—William and Mary—Delay of Instruc-

tions—Protestant Association—John Coode—First Royal

Governor—Acts of Assembly—Lord Baltimore appeals to

the King—Removal of the Capital—Second Royal Gov-

ernor— Improvements — Sickness — Effect of the Royal

Administrations 64

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CHAPTER XIV.—Tub Restoration Op The Province.

Death of Charles, Lord Baltimore—Province restored to hig

Son—Undisturbed Tranquility—Policy towards Indians—

Establishment of Baltimore—Fell's Point—Commercial

Advantages—Elk Ridge Landing—Annapolis—Maryland

Gazette—Frederick—Georgetown—Death of Proprietary—

State of the Colony 69

CHAPTER XV.—Boundary Disputes.

Watkins' Point—Dispute with Penn—Penn's Grant—Penn

Attacks the Charter—Baltimore out of Favor at Court—

The King is patron to Penn—His Expulsion—Settlement

Postponed — Mason and Dixon's Liue — Shrewdness of

Penn—Virginia Boundary ....74

CHAPTER XVI.—Frederick, Last Lord Op Baltimore.

English and French War—Claims of each—Bold design of the

Governor of Canada—Maryland Stands Aloof—Opposition

to Arbitrary Demands—Dinwiddie's Perplexities—Mary-

land takes a part—Fort Cumberland—Acts of Assembly.78

CHAPTER XVII.—Braddock's Depeat.

Braddock's Arrival — Council at Alexandria—Braddock at

Frederick—Arrival of Franklin—Franklin's Suggestion—

Braddock's Confidence—Franklin's Proposition — March

over the Mountains — Baggage — Mutual Disgust— Brad-

dock rejects the Indians and backwoodsmen—Slow Move-

ments—The Contest—the Defeat 81

CHAPTER XVIII.—French And Indian War.

Terror and Desolation—Plantations laid Waste — Panic —

Expedition against Fort DuQuesne—Grant's Bravado and

Defeat—Gallantry of Marylanders—Abandonment of the

Tort by the French 88

CHAPTER XIX.—The Days Bepore The Revolution.

The Democratic and the Aristocratic Elements—Claims of

the two Houses—Peace—Debt—Condition of Maryland—

Influence of French War—The old Controversy Revived—

Preparatory Steps to the Stamp Act, 94

CHAPTER XX.—Stamp Act.

Btamp Act Imposed—Maryland Assembly Prorogued—No

Stamps in Maryland— Protest of Assembly — Treatment

of Hood—Acts of Assembly—Frederick County Court—

"Bona of Liberty "—Repeal of Stamp Act _ 97
CHAPTER XXI.—The Duty On Tea.

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CHAPTER IV.—Th« Maryland Troops At The Battlb

Op Long Island.

Condition of the American Army—Landing of the British—

The Macaronis—The Battle—Terrible Charge of the Mary-

landers—Loss of Marylanders _ 133

CHAPTER V.—Maryland Troops In The Retreat.

Maryland Troops in the Advance Posts—Crossing the Ferry

—Attempt to surround Americans—Disgraceful Retreat of

the Connecticut Militia'—Maryland Line ,covers the Re-

treat—Battle at Harlem—Battle at White Plain?—Attack

on Fort Washington—Deslruction nf the Enemy's Troops

by the Maryland and Virginia Rifles 139

CHAPTER VI.—The New Constitutioh And Stath

Government.

Convention—Division of Frederick County—Supplies for the

Army—Constitution Agreed to—Division of the Govern-

ment—Qualifications for Voters—First State Legislature—

Inducements to Enlist—The First Governor—Inaugura-

tion 143

CHAPTER VII.—Campaign Op 1777.

Increase and Division of Maryland Line — Battle of the

Brandywine—Deborre— Battle of Germantown — Success

of the Marylanders—John Eager Howard—Marylanders

not Supported—Howe's Attack 147

CHAPTER VIII.

More Troops Demanded — Disaffection — British Evacuate

Philadelphia—Battle of Monmouth—Gen'l Lee — Wash-

ington's Reliance on Maryland Officers — Landing and

Retreat of British Troops 151

CHAPTER 12.

Maryland's Quota large and always Full—Early Harvests

—Arrival of French Fleet—Paper Money—Pensions to

Troops—Depreciation of Currency—Confiscation—Tax—,

The Price of Liberty 155

CHAPTER X.—The Conpederation.

Delay of Confederation — Difficulty of Adjusting Publio

LamJp—Clause Secured by Virginia—Maryland Objects

Compromise proposed by New York—Sovereign States

— Maryland's Efforts in the Common Cause 158

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