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O'Neill manned a gun himself and kept up a fire on the approaching enemy until he was disabled by a wound in the thigh, received from the recoil of the cannon which he was firing. He then continued the fight with two muskets, until he was captured by the enemy.

17. Cockburn's men no sooner landed than they set about plundering and destroying. The houses were burned, the women had their clothes torn from their backs, the horses were maimed and the stage coaches were broken to pieces. The church edifice was defaced but not burned. The house of Commodore Rodgers was also saved. Most of the women and children of the place had collected here, and at their earnest solicitation the torch was not applied.

18. The enemy now divided his force into three parts.

One remained at Havre-de-Grace; one party followed the road to Baltimore for several miles, plundering the farm houses, and robbing the travellers on the road of their clothes and money ; the other proceeded up the river, committing similar outrages.

19. On the sixth, they returned to their fleet, taking O'Neill with them They threatened to hang him as a British subject found in arms; but the determination of the Americans to execute two

Questions. — 17. What was the conduct of Cockburn's men? 18. What did the enemy now do? 19. What did they do with O'Neill.

British sailors in reprisal, induced them to spare bis life.

20. Fredericktown and Georgetown were two beantiful villages on the Sassafras river, situated opposite each other, one in Kent, the other in Cecil county. On the sixth, placing himself at the head of six hundred men, in eighteen barges, he ascended the river towards Fredericktown. Col. Veazy had collected here about fifty militia.

21. On the approach of the barges, which immediately commenced a heavy fire, the greater part of the militia fied. Veazy, with a few dauntless spirits, kept his ground, and maintained a steady fire until the enemy was so near that he was compelled to retreat. The houses were plundered and burnt. Georgetown was then treated in a similar manner.

22. Men of the stamp of Cockburn, who do not regard the tender years of childhood, nor the weakness of women, who illuminate the skies with incendiary fires of peaceful hamlets, wbo, instead of alleviating the horrors of war, make it the means of gratifying their passions and their avarice, are not considered as true specimens of the soldier. It is not to be wondered at, therefore, that we do not find him exposing himself to any risks. He threatened Annapolis, but finding it prepared for defence, retired. He approached

Questions.—20. What is said of Fredericktown and Georgetown? 21. Describe the attack? 22. What is said of men like Cockburn?



Baltimore, but five thousand citizens were in arms, and he shrunk from the encounter. He preferred the safe and profitable, though at that time thought inglorious, warfare of destroying or carrying off private property. If he won no laurels, he at least could console himself with the tobacco and furni. ture which he stole.



1. The termination of the European war, which was waged at this time against Napoleon, enabled England to supply a powerful land force to invade the interior.

2. Anticipating that Baltimore or Washington would be made the points of attack, a new military district, composed of Maryland, the District of Columbia, and part of Virginia, was formed, and on the fifth of July, 1814, the command was given to Gen'l Winder.

3. The forces assigned to him were some fragments of regulars—less than five hundred, mostly raw recruits, and some two thousand militia from the District of Columbia. He had, also, authority

Questions.-1. What enabled England to send more forces to this country? 2. What new military district was formed, and why? 8. What forces were assigned to Gen. Winder?

to call upon the State of Maryland, in case of invasion, for six thousand militia, upon Virginia for two thousand, and upon Pennsylvania for five hundred.

4. Gen. Winder proposed to call out this militia, and to form a camp of three thousand men between the Eastern Branch and the Patuxent, and to mass the remainder in Washington. Had his plan been carried into execution the cities of Baltimore and Washington would safely have bid defiance to the enemy. But his plan was opposed by the Secretary of War.

5. This army of over ten thousand men, existed only on paper. When the requisitions were made upon the States for their quota, the men were not forthcoming. At the beginning of August he had only about a thousand regulars upon whom he could depend, and about four thousand militia, the greater part of whom were quietly at their homes.

6. Such was the condition of affairs when, in the beginning of August, news reached Washington that a new and large British fleet, under Admiral Cochrane, had arrived. This fleet brought General Ross and four thousand of Wellington's troops. To this fleet Cockburn's squadron was added.

Questions.-4. What did Gen. Winder propose ? 6. What is said of this army? How many were there at the beginning of August? & Who arrived at this time?



7. The American squadron in the Chesapeake had been placed under the command of Joshua Barney. He was blocked up in the Patuxent, where he succeeded, however, by the help of the militia, in repelling one or two attacks.

8. The enemy divided his force into three parts, sending one up the Potomac, under Captain Gordon, to open the way to the city of Washington; the other, under Sir Peter Parker, as if to threaten Baltimore; while the main body, under Commodore Cochrane, consisting of twenty-seven vessels, ascended the Patuxent as if to attack Commodore Barney's fiotilla, but with the real intention of attacking Washington.

9. The enemy reached Benedict on the 19th of August, and on the next day landed six thousand regulars and seamen. On the 21st, they moved toward Nottingham, and on the following day reached Marlborough. The British flotilla, consisting of barges and launches, ascended the river, under Cockburn, keeping on the right flank of the army. On the 23d, the flotilla of Commodore Barney was set fire to by sailors left for the purpose, the Commodore, with his men, having already joined General Winder.

Questions.7. What is said of the American squadron? 8. What were the movements of the enemy? 9. What place did the enemy reach? How many did they land? What is said of the British flatilla?

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