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BURNING OF TEA.
12. Acting under the advice of Mr. Carroll of Carrollton, the owner seeing that the loss of his property was certain, and willing to repair his good name, even by that loss, proposed to destroy the vessel with his own hands. In the presence of the assembled multitude, be set fire to it with the tea on board-expiating his offence by the destruction of his property
BURNING THE TEA, Annapolis Harbor. 13. The striking features of this transaction, were not only the boldness with which it was executed, but the deliberation and utter carelessness of concealment in all the measures leading to its accomplishment
THE LAST PROPRIETARY--- First Continental Congress-
Attachment of Maryland to the family of BaltimoreExctinction of the Family-Henry Harford— Condition of the Colony.
1. The First Continental Congress met at Philadelphia, on 5th of September, 1774. It issued a manifesto setting forth the rights and grievances of the colonies, and proposing the scheme of nonimportation of British goods.
2. On its adjournment, the Maryland Convention again assembled, and approved of the proceedings of the Congress; with the organization of this convention closed the power and dominion of the last Proprietary of Maryland.
3. The people of Maryland had always loved and revered the family of the founder of the province. Under the government of his descendants, they had enjoyed a large liberty, and a constantly increasing prosperity. They ever bore testimony to the kind and paternal rule of the Proprietaries.
4. It seemed as if Providence, when the great struggle for independence was approaching, serered the link, which might have so held them to their old allegiance, that they would have been less ardent in the common cause.
Questions.-1. Meeting of Congress? What did it issue? 2. Meet ing of the Maryland Convention? 3. What had been the feelings toward the family of the founder of the colony?
STATE OF THE COLONY.
5. In 1758, Frederick, last of the lords of Baltimore, became a widower. He had no children by his wife, and he never married again
He was in the same year charged with a criminal offence, of which he was acquitted, but it is known that he led a dissolute and degraded life. He died at the age of forty, in Italy, in 1771.
6. He devised the province to his illegitimate son, Henry Harford, Esq. The title of Lord Baltimore could not descend to him, and thus the name of the founders of the colony passed from their descendants just as the rule over it was about to
The people of Maryland cared nothing for the man who was an alien in name, and of illegiti, mate birth. A Proprietary of this kind could only increase the discontent.
7. Henry Harford was the last Proprietary, and Robert Eden was the last English Governor of Maryland. After the close of the war of the Rev. olution, the late proprietary and his governor returned together into the State. Eden died shortly after, near the City of Annapolis.
8. A period of one hundred and forty years had passed since two hundred pilgrims, under Leonard Calvert, landed at the southern extremity of the province. Their descendants had extended them- . selves to its northern boundary, covered its eastern
Questions.—6. What is said of Frederick, last lord of Baltimore ? 6. Who was his heir? 7. Who was the last proprietary? Who the last English governor ?
shore with wealth and civilization, crossed the Blue Ridge, filling its valleys with a bold and hardy population. Commerce was filling its bays and rivers with fleets; the forge and the furnace were already at work; in short, though hampered by the restrictive laws of England, the germs of her future prosperity were budding forth and giving promise of the greatness which this day sees realized.
9. Thus stood the cold the crisis which was approaching, with a people liberal in their sentiments, proud of their liberties, prepared to extend them, and ready to maintain them with their blood.
THE LORDS PROPRIETARY OF MARYLAND.
1632—Cecilius CALVERT.................. Second Lord Baltimore. 1675—CHARLES CALVERT .................. Third Lord Baltimore. 1715-BENEDICT LEONARD CALVERT... Fourth Lord Baltimore. 1715-CHARLES CALVERT.
....Fifth Lord Baltimore. 1751—FREDERICK CALVERT.... Sixth and last Lord Baltimore 1771-1776-HENRY HARFORD, Esq.... Last Proprietary.
THE COLONIAL GOVERNORS.
Proprietary Governor 8.
1691-Sir LIONEL COPLEY.