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giant in his path. Though attacked with invective, and taunted with that, which if not his glory was their shame" that he was a disfranchised man, and could not even vote at an election,”Carroll calmly fought the fight of liberty, and triumphed.

7. He triumphed with the people; he lived to see them free, and great, and prosperous. He was the last survivor of the noble band of patriots who signed the Declaration of Independence, and when he died, in the ninety-sixth year of his age, the tears not only of Maryland, but of the American people flowed for him.

8. The election that took place in the midst of all this excitement, resulted in the complete success of the popular party. The people acknowledged their gratitude to their able champion. They could not select him as their delegate, for though the champion of their liberty, he was himself enthralled. But, in accordance with instructions given by the people in public meetings held in Frederick, Baltimore and Annapolis, the delegates presented the thanks of the people to "The First Citizen."

Questions.-7. What is said of his triumph? 8. What party suc ceeded at the election? How did the people shew their gratitude to Carroll?




1773-4-REVIVAL OF THE TAX ON TEA-Tax, the Badge of Servitude-The right to Tax, not the Amount, the matter of Dispute-Convention-Aid to Boston-Burning of the Tea at Annapolis-Characteristics of this Act.

STATE HOUSE, Annapolis.

1. During all these excitements, the colony had been free from the difficulties with

the mother country, which so agitated the Northern colonies. From the nature of the Proprietary government, the crown could not exercise


any control over the affairs of the province; it was therefore free from many of the dissensions arising under the royal governments.

2. But Maryland was not less ready to contend, when a principle was at stake. The tax on tea had not yet been repealed, but the hatred to it, for it was the badge of servitude, kept the people

Questions.-1. From what had the colony been free? Why! 2. What is said of the tax on tea?

faithful to their pledge that they would not use the article.

3. Great quantities of tea, therefore, accumulated in the store-houses of the East India Company, and their business was interferred with. The English goverment offered the company to pay them back the duty on all tea which they exported to the colonies. This would enable the company to sell the tea as cheap in the colonies, with the tax added, as they sold it in England; and at the same time the government would not be giving up their right to impose the tax.

4. But it was about the right to impose the tax, and not the price of tea, that colonists were contending, and they were too shrewd to be deceived. The duty on tea was the badge of English supremacy, and they never consented to wear it; they knew too, that the most successful resistance is that which is prompt, and they acted accordingly.

5. Public meetings were held, and resolutions adopted to prevent the landing of the tea. In Charleston, it was landed, but never exposed for sale; the vessels containing it, that arrived in New York and Philadelphia, were compelled to return. In Boston, the tea was thrown overboard by persons disguised as Indians.

Questions.-3. What did the English government propose? 4. Why did not the colonies accede? 5 What was done to the tea in dif ferent places?



6. The people of Maryland called for a convention. This body proposed an absolute cessation of all intercourse with the mother country, and directed subscriptions to be made for the relief of the Bostonians, who were suffering the vengeance of the thwarted and enraged government. This was the second time Massachusetts had experienced the generosity of Maryland. The first, was on the occasion of a disastrous fire in Boston, when the governor of Maryland ordered collections to be made in all the churches, for the relief of the sufferers. And it was done.

7. In August, 1774, the brigantine "Mary and Jane," arrived in the St. Mary's river, with tea on board for merchants in Georgetown and Bladensburg. The committee of Charles county summoned the master, and one of the consignees to appear before them. But as the tax had not been paid, they were discharged upon their pledge that the tea should not be landed, but sent back to England. The committee of Frederick county pursued a similar course with the consignees at Georgetown.

8. Every child is familiar with what is called "the tea party of Boston," but an affair equalling it in every respect was transacted at Annapolis, namely, the tea-burning-open and undisguised, shewing the high toned and manly trait that has

Questions.-6. What did the people of Maryland do? What assistance did they render Massachusetts? 7. What vessel arrived with tea? What was done? 8. What is said in this section?

always characterized a true Marylander-a willingness to assume the responsibility for all he does, and to abide the consequences.

9. On the 14th of October, the brig Peggy Stewart, arrived at Annapolis, having in its cargo. a few packages of tea. The duty was paid by the owner of the vessel. The people were outraged at the attempt to fix upon them the badge of servitude, by the payment of the tax.

10. A meeting was held, at which it was determined that the tea should not be landed. The owner, fearing further trouble proposed to destroy the tea. But that was not sufficient punishment. The offence was a grave one, for had this attempt succeeded, it would have been followed by others more aggressive, and thus the very principle which was contended for, would have been overthrown in the end. It was the head of the ugly beast that was thrust in the door, and it must not only be put out, but driven out by blows, lest growing bold it should push its whole body in

11. After much discussion, it was proposed to burn the vessel. The meeting did not consent to this, but many expressed their determination to raise a force to accomplish the brig's destruction.

Questions.-9. What other vessel arrived? What had the owner done? Feelings of the people? What was the payment of the tax regarded as? 10. What was determined? What did the owner propose? 11. What was proposed at the meeting?

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