Islamic Civilization in Thirty Lives: The First 1,000 Years

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Univ of California Press, 3 Apr 2017 - 272 halaman
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Religious thinkers, political leaders, lawmakers, writers, and philosophers have shaped the 1,400-year-long development of the world's second-largest religion. But who were these people? What do we know of their lives and the ways in which they influenced their societies?
 
In Islamic Civilization in Thirty Lives, the distinguished historian of Islam Chase F. Robinson draws on the long tradition in Muslim scholarship of commemorating in writing the biographies of notable figures, but he weaves these ambitious lives together to create a rich narrative of Islamic civilization, from the Prophet Muhammad in the seventh century to the era of the world conquerer Timur and the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II in the fifteenth.
 
Beginning in Islam’s heartland, Mecca, and ranging from North Africa and Iberia in the west to Central and East Asia, Robinson not only traces the rise and fall of Islamic states through the biographies of political and military leaders who worked to secure peace or expand their power, but also discusses those who developed Islamic law, scientific thought, and literature. What emerges is a fascinating portrait of rich and diverse Islamic societies. Alongside the famous characters who colored this landscape—including Muhammad’s cousin ’Ali; the Crusader-era hero Saladin; and the poet Rumi—are less well-known figures, such as Ibn Fadlan, whose travels in Eurasia brought fascinating first-hand accounts of the Volga Vikings to the Abbasid Caliph; the eleventh-century Karima al-Marwaziyya, a woman scholar of Prophetic traditions; and Abu al-Qasim Ramisht, a twelfth-century merchant millionaire.
 
An illuminating read for anyone interested in learning more about this often-misunderstood civilization, this book creates a vivid picture of life in all arenas of the pre-modern Muslim world.
 

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Preface
Conventions abbreviations equivocations
Introduction
Part 1
Muhammad the Prophet 632
Ali cousin caliph and forefather of Shiism 661
Aisha wife of the Prophet 678
Abd alMalik engineer of the caliphate 705
Ibn Muqla vizier scribe calligrapher? 940
Mahmud of Ghazna conqueror and patron 1030
alBiruni cataloguer of nature and culture c 1050
Part 3
Ibn Hazm polemicist polymath 1064
Karima alMarwaziyya hadith scholar 1070
alGhazali Renewer of Islam 1111
Abu alQasim Ramisht merchant millionaire c 1150

Ibn alMuqaffa translator and essayist 759 5
Rabia alAdawiyya renunciant and saint 801
alMamun caliphpatron 833
Part 2
Arib courtesan of caliphs 890
alHallaj the Truth 922
alTabari traditionalist rationalist 923
Abu Bakr alRazi freethinking physician 925 or 935
Ibn Fadlan intrepid envoy fl tenth century
alIdrisi cosmopolitan cartographer 1165
Ibn Rushd Averroes Aristotelian monotheist 1198
Rumi Sufi poet 1273
alHilli paragon of Shiism ascendant 1325
Timur sheeprustler worldconqueror 1405
Mehmed II conqueror and renaissance man 1481
Glossary
Bibliography
Index

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Tentang pengarang (2017)

Chase F. Robinson was Lecturer and Professor of Islamic History in the Faculty of Oriental Studies and Fellow of Wolfson College at the University of Oxford from 1993 until 2008, when he was appointed Distinguished Professor of History and Provost of the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he now serves as President. His extensive publications on Islamic history include Islamic Historiography, Empire and Elites after the Muslim Conquest, and The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 1.

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