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INDEX

Absentee proprietors, 55, 297 Northern, History, 295
Achievement, 309

Atlantic frontier, composition, 12
Adams, Henry, 213

Atlantic states, 207, 208
Adams, J. Q., 26, 192, 230

Augusta, Ga., 98
Agriculture, 314, 329; Middle Autocracy, 344

West, 149, 150
Agriculture, Department of, 320 Back country, 68, 70; democracy
Alamance, 119, 120

of, 248; New England, 75
Alaska, 296

Backwoods society, 212
Albany, 43, 52

Backwoodsmen, 163, 164
Albany congress of 1754, 15

Bacon, Francis, 286
Algonquin Indians, 130

Bacon's Rebellion, 84, 247, 251, 301
Aliens, land tenure by, 110

Baltimore, trade, 108
Alleghany Mountains, 9, 18, 67; Bancroft, George, 168

as barrier to be overcome, 195 Bank, 171, 254, 325
Allen, Ethan, 54

Bedford, Pa., 5
Allen, W. V., 220

Beecher, Lyman, 35
American Historical Assoc., 159 Bell, John, 192
American history, social forces, Benton, T. H., 26, 35, 192, 325, 328

311; survey of recent, 311 Berkshires, 60, 71, 77
American life, distinguishing fea- Beverley, Robert, 85, 91; manor,
ture, 2

92
American people, 339

“ Birch seal,” 78
American spirit, 306, 336, 337 Black Hills, 145
“ American System,” 171, 172 Blackmar, F. W., 238
Americanization, effective, 4 Blank patents, 95
Arid lands, 9, 147, 219, 239, 245, Blood-feud, 253
278

Blount, William, 187
Aristocracy, 250, 254, 257, 275 Blue Ridge, 90, 99
Army posts, frontier, 16; proto- Boone, A. J., 19
types, 47

Boone, Daniel, 18, 105, 124, 165,
Asia, 296

206
Association, voluntary, 343, 344, Boston, trade, 108
358

Boutmy, E. G., 211
Astor's American Fur Co., 6, 143 Braddock, Edward, 181, 324
Atlantic coast, as early frontier, 4; Brattle, Thomas, 56
Mississippi Valley and, 190, 191; British and Middle West, 350

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Brown, B. Gratz, 355

Chicago, 137, 150, 151, 180, 350;
Brunswick County, Va., 91

character, 232
Bryan, W. J., 204, 236, 237, 246, Chillicothe, 133, 223
281, 327, 329

Cincinnati, 133, 151, 162, 223, 231,
Bryce, James, 165, 206, 211, 284 232
Buffalo, N. Y., 136, 150, 151

Cincinnati and Charleston R. R.,
Buffalo herds, 144

174
Buffer state, 131, 134

Cities, 297, 316-317; northeaster,
Burke, Edmund, 33; on the Ger. 294–295; seaboard, 194, 195,
mans, 109

196; three periods of develop
Byrd, Col. William, 84, 87, 98

ment, 195

Civil War, 356; Middle West and,
Calhoun, J. C., 2, 105, 141, 174, 142; Mississippi Valley and, 2017

206, 241; on representation, 117; Northwest and, 217
policy of obtaining western trade Clark, G. R., 131, 167, 186
for the South, 196

Clark, J. B., 332
California, 8; gold, 144

Class distinctions, 280, 285
Canada, 53, 226; barrier between, Clay, Henry, 26, 168, 171, 172, 173,

and the United States, 131; bor- 174, 192, 197, 206, 213, 216, 226,
der warfare, 44; homesteads, 241, 304, 325
296; Middle West and, 128; Cleaveland, Gen. Moses, 133, 222,
wheat fields, 278

257
Canadians, 227

Cleveland, 133, 150, 223, 231, 232
Canals, deep water, 150

Clinton, De Witt, 195, 196
Capital, 276, 305, 325; concentra- Coal supply, 313

tion and combinations, 245, 261, Coast, Atlantic, 206; destiny, 295;
266, 280, 305-306

interior and, antagonisms, 110
Capitalistic classes," 285

Coeducation, 353
Capitalists, 20; “ expectant,” 343 Colden, Cadwallader, 80
Capitals, state, transfers, 121 Colonial life, 11
Captains of industry, 258, 259, 260 Colonial system, 127
Carnegie, Andrew, 260, 265

Colonization, 312; English and
Caroline cow-pens, 16

French contrasted, 13-14; peace-
Catron, John, 345

ful, 169
Cattle raising in Virginia, 88, 89, 92 Colony of free humanity, 337-338
Census, first, frontier at, 5

Columbus, Ohio, 162, 229
Census of 1820, frontier, 6

Combinations of capital and of la-
Census of 1890, extinction of fron- bor, 245
tier, 1, 9, 38, 39, 297

Commencement seasons, 290
Center of nation, 222

Commons, J. R., 327
Channing, W. E., 355

Community,“ beloved community,"
Charleston, S. C., 88, 108, 196

358; life, 347; type of settle-
Chase, S. P., 104, 142

ment, 73, 74, 125
Cherry Valley, 104

Competition, 154, 203, 277, 308, 312

9

9

Compromise, 174, 198, 230, 236;

slavery, 140, 142
Concentration of power and wealth,

245, 261, 266, 280
Concord, Mass., 39
Concurrent majority, 118
Congregational church, 74, 112
Congress and frontiersmen, 252–

253
Connecticut, frontier towns, 42, 45,

53; land policy, 76
Connecticut River, 52, 53, 72
Connecticut Valley, 63, 73
Conquest, 269
Conscience, American, 328
Constitution, U. 209, 244
Constitutional convention of 1787,

249
Constitutions, state, 121, 252, 352;

reconstruction, 192
Coöperation, voluntary, 165, 257,

258
Corn, areas, 149; belt, 151
Corporations, 265, 328
Cotion culture, 28, 139, 255; early

extension, 7; transfer from the
East to Mississippi Valley, 194
Cotton Kingdom," 174, 189, 194,

198
Coureurs de bois, 182
Cow pens, 16, 88
Crockett, Davy, 105
Crops, migration, 149
Currency, 148; evil, 32; expansion,

210
Cutler, Manasseh, 141

Debs, E. V., 281
Dedham, 40, 58
Deerfield, 48, 52, 58, 70
Democracy, 32, 54, 306; doubts of,

280; established in Old West,
107; free land and, 274; frontier,
early, 106; frontier and, 30, 31,
247, 249; Gookin on, 307; in
early 18th century, 98; Jack-
sonian, 192, 302, 342-343; Jeffer-
sonian, 250, 251; magnitude of
achievement in the West, 258;
Middle West, 154; Mississippi
Valley, 183; neighborhood, 346;
new type in West, 210, 216; Ohio
Valley, influence, 172; Ohio Val-
ley and, 175; organized, 357;
origin, 293; outcome of Ameri-
can experiences, 266; pressure
on the universities, 283; signifi.
cance of Mississippi Valley in
promoting, 190; Upland South,
165; Western contributions, 243;
Western ideals, 261; see also Pio-

neer democracy
Democratic party, 327, 329; basis,

248; Middle Western wing, 352
Democratic-Republican party, 250
Denver, Colo., 19
De Tocqueville. See Tocqueville
Detroit, 135, 150
Development, American, 205, 221;

four changes, 244; personal, 271;
significant decade, 246-247;
study of, 10; true point of view,

3; Western, 218
D'Iberville. See Iberville
Discovery, 270, 293, 301, 306
Doddridge, Joseph, 115
Dogs for hunting Indians, 45
Douglas, S. A., 140; Lincoln de.

bates, 230
Douglass, William, 109
Down east, 79

Dairy interests in Wisconsin, 234,

236
Dakotas, settlement, 145, 146
Darien, Ga., 98
Davis, Jefferson, 105, 139, 174
De Bow, J. D. B., 197
De Bow's Review, 217

Dracut, 111

Expansion, 206, 219, 304, 345; Ohio
Dreams, 301, 339

Valley and, 166; world politics,
Duel, 253

246
Duluth, 150, 151, 234

Experts, 284, 285, 286
Dunkards, 263
Dunstable, 48, 56

“Fall line," 4, 9, 68; efforts to
Duquesne, Abraham, 14

establish military frontier on, 84
Dwight, Timothy (1752-1817), 63; Fairfax, Lord, 92, 123
fears of pioneer class, 251 Far East, 315

Far West, 315, 341
East, efforts to restrict advance of Farm lands, 297

frontier, 33, 34; fears of the Farm machinery, 276
West, 208; out of touch with Farmers, 238, 239
West, 18

Farmer's frontier, 12, 16, 18
Economic forces and political in- Federal colonial system, 168, 169
stitutions, 243

Federal Reserve districts, 322
Economic historian, 332

Fertility, 129
Economic legislation and Ohio Val- Field, Marshall, 265
ley, 170

Finance, 318, 325; pioneer ideas,
Education, 282; Middle West, 156 148
Edwards, Jonathan, 63

Fire-arms and Indians, 13
Egleston, Melville, 55

Firmin, Giles, 56
Eliot, C. W., on corporation, 265; Food supply, 279, 294, 314

on democracy and slavery, 256 Foreign parentage, Indiana and
Emerson, R. W., 353; on Lincoln, Illinois, 232; Michigan, 233;
256

Western States, 237; Wisconsin,
England, decrease of dependence 233-234

on, 23; Mississippi Valley and, Foreign policy, 168, 219
180, 186; Old Northwest and, Foreign Service, 320
131, 134

Forest philosophy, 207
English pioneers, 270

Foresters,” 63
English settlers in Michigan and Forests, 270, 293; Middle West,
Wisconsin, 226

130
English stock and English speech, Fortified houses, 71
23

Fourierists, 263
Equality, 274; New England, 61, France, efforts to revive empire in

62, 63; Western settlers, 212 America, 167; Middle West and,
Erie Canal, 7, 136, 195, 197

131; Mississippi Valley and, 180,
Europe, American democracy and, 186; western exploration, 163;

282; how America reacted on, Franchise, 249-250, 252

3; Southeastern, 294, 295, 316 Franklin, Benjamin, Mississippi
Europeans, 267

Valley and, 182; on the Germans,
Evolution, American, as key to his. 109

Free Soil party, 141, 173, 217

66

tory, 11

French explorers, 163

23, 227, 236; zone of settlement
French frontier, 125

in Great Valley, 102
French Huguenots, 105

Glarus, 236
French settlers in Michigan and Godkin, E. L., 307
Wisconsin, 226

Glenn, James, 23, 108
Frontier, conservative attitude to- Goochland County, Va., 93

ward advance, 63; definition, 3, Government, 321; paternal, 328;
41; demand for independent popular, 357
statehood, 248; efforts to check Government discipline, 356
and restrict it, 33; evil effects, Government expeditions, 17
32; extinction, 1, 9, 38, 39, 321; Government intervention, 344
farmers, 239, 240; first official, Government ownership, 148
39, 54; French, 125; importance Government powers, 307
as a military training school, 15; Government regulation, 281
influence toward democracy, 247, Granger movement, 148, 203, 218,
249; kinds and modes of ad- 276, 281
vance, 12; Massachusetts, 65; Grant, U. S., 142
military, of Old West, 106-107; Granville, Lord, 95, 123
religious aspects, 36; Spanish, Great Lakes, 128, 149, 150, 173, 297
125; towns in Massachusetts, 42, Great Plains, 8, 128, 147; Indian
45, 53, 70; various comparisons, trade and war, 144
10

Great Valley, 100; colonization,
Frontiersmen, 206, 209, 212; in 100-101

Congress, 252-253; Mississippi Greater South, 174

Valley, 182; Virginia idea, 86 Greeley, Horace, 104
Fulton, Robert, 171

Green Mountain Boys, 78
Fur trade, 13; England after Revo- Greenback movement, 148, 203,

lution, 131; Hudson River, 80; 218, 276
Southern, Old West, 87

Greenway manor, 92
Groseilliers, 180

Groton, 48, 57
Gallatin, Albert, 191, 252, 317 Grund, F. J., 7
Galveston, 202

Grundy, Felix, 192
Garfield, J. A., 241

Gulf coast, 295
Geographic factors, 329

Gulf States, 141; occupation, 139
Geographic provinces, 158
Georgia, 174, 196; restriction of Hammond, J. H., on slavery prob-

land tenure, 97; settlement, 97 lem in the Mississippi Valley, 198
Germanic germs, 3, 4

Hanna, Marcus, 265
Germans, 263; in New York in Harriman, E. H., 280, 318

early times, 5; Middle West and, Harrison, W. H., 168, 173, 189, 192,
137-138, 146; Palatine, 5, 32, 82,

213, 255
100, 109, 124; political exiles, Hart, A. B., 177
349; sectaries, 164; Wisconsin, Hartford, 76

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