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We weloome, therefore, with Sea somewhere is lying the all the greater warmth the great British Grand Fleet. generous speech made some They can do this work beweeks since by Admiral Sims cause the British Grand Fleet to the journalists of his own is so powerful that the Gercountry. Admiral Sims spoke man High Seas Fleet has to as a sailor, without flourish or stay at home. If a catasrhetorical gesture, and he told trophe should happen to the Amerioa in the plainest terms British Grand Fleet, there is precisely what our Navy has no power on earth that can done and is doing in the War. savo us, for then the German The debt of gratitude which High Seas Fleet oan come we owe to him is wholly in- out and sweep the seas. The dependent of our self - love. British Grand Fleet is the It is but common justice whioh foundation-stone of the cause demands a disclosure of our of the whole of the Allies." deeds, and after Admiral Sims' That is perfeotly true. Had straightforward words there is it not been for the British no room for doubt or shame. Fleet, the Germans would long “There had been an idea," said ago have been masters of the he, “in the Amerioan mind world. And the moral of that the Amerioan Navy had Admiral Sims' direot and been doing the bulk of the honest speech is this: there work over here-at least & must be no more discussion half. That is not correot." of the thing that is called He pointed out that of the “the freedom of the seas." 5000 anti-submarine craft at Neither now nor at & peace work, day and night, only 160 conference must we abate one were American, or 3 per cent. jot of our supremacy. We Again, he combated the state- fought the Declaration of ment, sometimes made in the London with success before Amerioan Press, that the the war, and we must not Americans, by a miracle of surrender the advantage which their Navy, had got a million then we gained. Upon the and a half troops here in a mastery of the sea depend few months, and had protected the prosperity and the freedom them by the way. “We didn't of Great Britain. We have do that,” said Admiral Sims. not fought for more than four “Great Britain did. She years merely to deoline upon brought over two-thirds of an aot of suicide. them, and escorted a half. Against the freedom of the We escort only one-third of seas we fought Napoleon for the merohant vessels that some twenty years. Many come over.”

times peace was ours for the And how is Great Britain asking, had we only soknowable to achieve these wonders ledged " the equality of all flags on the sea ? “The reason on the sea.” This we could not they can do this "-again it do then, and cannot do now, is Admiral Sims who speaks- without endangering our very “is beoause up in the North existence. Germany's desire to

free the seas is easily intelli. words,“the British Grand Fleet gible. She is a Continental is the foundation-stone of the power, whiob even in war-time cause of the whole of the oan communioate freely with Allies,” we know that those suoh of her neighbours as are Allies would not, if they could, not hostile to her. If she at the request of a beaten Gerohoose she oan exohange oom- many, disturb us in the possesmodities with Russia or Austria, Bion of a power which has saved and there is none to hinder the civilised world from slavery. her. At the same time she oan Meanwhile the Allied Armies prevent, without trouble, our and the Allied Fleets are 80access to these oountries. And complishing the work of eman. we hear no vague talk about oipation. The Germans are the freedom of the land. We, retreating everywbere before on the other hand, depend for the hammer blows of Marshal our approach to all and sundry Fooh and the united Armies upon the sea. That is our under his command. The element, and if we lose control friends of Germany are ready of it our life is at an end. Ger- to make the best terms they many does not permit us to oan to escape from a battletravel across her borders when field on which defeat is certain. we are at war, in searoh of We are faced by one simple suoh commodities as we need duty: to fight the Germans to make our guns and to fill until they surrender unoonour shells. And we, in our turn, ditionally. We want no disrelying upon our Fleet, forbid cussion with them, no interthe Germans to replenish their changes of views, no bargaining empty stores from the gran- of this advantage against that. aries and factories oversea. All the advantages are ours, In peace-time the ocean has and at the proper time we hitherto been free and open to shall make the best use of all, and it will be free and them we oan. We cannot open again to the Germans parley with the Germans, bewhen after & long boyoott 08 080 we are unable to believe they have paid their offences in their good faith. There is against sea law. And it has no reason why we should show boen free and open because the them the slightest tenderness, English have freed it from because they have proved them. piraoy and have kept it de. selves savages, unrestrained by cently and honestly poliood. the laws of war or decenoy. As If to-day we surrendered the they are driven baok we dissupremaoy whioh we have won cover day by day fresh atrooiby the heroism of Hawke and ties which they have com. Jervis and Nelson, we should mitted. The horrible crimes either sink into a second-rate of which they have been guilty power or we should be foroed cannot be punished by oonverto begin the next wer by tear- Bations. The only peace which is ing up a sorap of paper. We possible is a diotated peace. The intend to do neither of these only terms to whioh the Allies things, and if, ia Admiral Sims' oan agree will be the terms of

illusions: the Press," on Note,

justice, untempered by meroy. the President's answer to the A viotorious Germany, as she German request for an armisherself has said, would have tice, and of Prince Max of left us only our eyes to weep Baden's rejoinder, is the best with. We know what she proof that Germany's trick would have meted out to failed completely. Mr Taft others, and with what measure peroeived at once the Boche's they meted let it be measured insincerity, and also “the very to them again.

general" oharacter of the Presi. Strioken in the field, the dent's fourteen points, which Germans fall baok upon a alone would keep a conference species of ounning whioh will busy for months. Nor did deceive nobody. Believing Senator Lodge harboar any with some reason that idealism illusions. “Mr M'Adoo and flourishes more luxuriantly at some of the Press," said he, a distance of three thousand “speak of the German Note, miles than in devastated and if authentio, as a complete enslaved France, the Germans surrender. It is nothing of go whining for peace to Presi. the kind. It is not surrender, dent Wilson. Thus they hoped, and it is highly conditional. if they miss peace, at least to If we gooept the Note, it divide Amerioa from the Allies. means that Germany has A vain hope, which has been failed to conquer the world speedily disappointed. Indeed, at this moment, and that we it seems to us that far too have lost the war.” But it muoh importance was attached is Mr Roosevelt who spoke to what was no more than an with the voice which will be exchange of personal views. most warmly welcomed in President Wilson spoke for Europe. “I greatly regret," himself alone; he met with said he, “that the President half-hearted support in his own has entered into these negoticountry, and he finally con- ations, and I trust they will vinood the most sanguine of be stopped. We have anthe Germans that they could nounced that we will nut expoot little support from him. submit to a negotiated peace, But the mere fact that he and under such conditions to spoke for himself alone suggests begin negotiations is bad faith that the sooner the Allies with ourselves and our Allies." establish a anited committee, We are continually boing whose duty it shall be to agree told that we cannot make apon terms of peace, the better peace with the Hohenzollerns, will it be for our security in and that we have no quarrel the future, our serenity in the with the German people. Both present time. We have fought these statements are meaningside by side; side by side, less, and the sooner we conse therefore, we must diotate to repeat them parrot-wise terms to the Boohe, and decide the better equipped shall we what punishments are ade- be for the drawing up effioiquate for the manifold orimes ently of the terms whioh we that he has committed. mean to impose. As we are

The reception in America of resolved upon a diotated peace,

i en

lost there, and that orld

per le support that oleh

it does not matter very the popular voice, has held muoh to whom we diotate it. every possible opinion during And while we have every the war, and he was very right to insist upon the careful, until he saw the heaviest penalties, while we approach of disaster, not to have every right to insure say a single word in dispraise ourselves against another at of the German military leaders. taok apon the liberties of Ho boasted that it was “our the world, not even conquest war,” that “we willed it," and permits us to say how and when he protests, as he proby whom Germany shall be tests to-day, that the German governed in the future. The people shall not do penance for Germans, after the war, will the crimes of a few, he talks govern themselves as seems nonsense. In brief, the truth to them best. They will be could not have been more unable to heap up fresh clearly stated than it has been armaments, because the in- stated by Mr Balfour. “I demnities which they will be wish I could think that these forood to pay will give them atrocious crimes,” said he, neither leisure nor & balance “were the issues of a small, at their banks. But if they dominant, military olass, ... do not think that human but it is iporedible that crimes wisdom and human salvation like these, perpetrated in the depend apon the erootion of light of day, known to all man. neat little ballot-boxes in the kind, condemned from one end streets of Berlin, let them be of the civilised world to the free to rejoot an artifice which other, should go on being rehas bodod small good to those peated month after month of who have boasted about it. four years of embittered war

The other statement that fare, if they did not oommend we have no quarrel with the themselves to the population Gorman people is obviously which commits them.' absurd. With whom, then, If any one is so simple as to have we & quarrel? “Brutes believe that Germany is obasthey were," said Mr Balfour, tened, let him read General “when they began the war, Baron von Freytag-Loringand, as far as we oan judge, hoven's new treatise, entitled brutes they remain at the 'A Nation in Arms or & present moment.” The whole Militia ?' Here there is no people has shared, without a disguise, no pretence that a protest, what it believed to League of Free Nations will be the triumph of its rulers. abolish war. General von It must share, without ex. Freytag is already looking tenuation, the sentence which towards the next conflict, and shall be pronounced against doing his best to solve the them all. If the people had problem of ultimate viotory. objeoted in the hour of viotory He is a realist who places facts to its rulers' brutalities, it above sentiments, and he does oould have made its objections his best to discover by what heard. Herr Harden, whom means his country can best be we may accept as an eoho of strengthened for the future

His book is a piece of close up. He admits that the argument, and withal a vivid world - embracing theories of summary of military history. 1815 did not constitute any He begins, in true German immediate danger. “Europe fashion, by oiting Heraolitus's had just struok to earth," definition of war as the be- he writes, “by her united getter of all things. “It foroes, the tyrant who had cannot be otherwise,” says he kept her in thraldom. It “Such a World War as the was permissible then to dally present, quite apart from its with thoughts of a militis. other effeots, mast produoe & At the present day, in view very marked quiokening of the of Germany's central position intelleotual qualities." There and of the mighty worldis here no oondemnation of politioal interests which sbe has "militarism." So he praises at stake, it is not permissible. the unremitting industry of the Only too olearly has it been German army, in whiob, he revealed that our safety in says, the wish expressed by the future can be guaranteed Treitsohke that the defeat of only by a firmly knit, 1806 should be “ineffaceable trained national army, Dot from the memory of all future by a loose militia." General generations as a personal von Freytag, being a German, injury, an admonition upon all is deficient in humour, or he to vigilance, humility, and would not talk of “tyrants" loyalty,” found its fulfilment. or “thraldoms." But the in. Such was the temper of the tention which he bag for the German army in 1914. Suoh future is plain. If he can, will it be after this war is he will convert Germany over, save that it will add to once again into & vast its memory of 1806 the memory nation in arms. And if his of 1918, unless we do what countrymen pretend to enter Napoleon against his better into a league of nations, we judgment refrained from doing may be sure that they will -pat Germany in such a posi- do what Soharnhorst did in tion of inferiority that the 1806 - employ once more the memory will be too bitter to Krümper system, should the inspire the hope of vengeance. nation in arms be denied

General von Freytag, at them, and burst upon 3 any rate, has made up his pacific world with a bigbly. mind that after the war trained, well-equipped army. Germany must, and shall, be It is plain, therefore, that if "& nation trained in arms." we are to cheok the military He proves by a large array ambition of Germany, someof instanoes the failure of a thing more solid than a League militia. We do not know of Nations will be necessary. whether the final defeat of We hear much of this League. his own country by hastily A better stimulus to illusory raised levies will persuade eloquence has not been found him to change his opinion for many a year. The League But when he composed his of Nations is not a polioy, it is discourse, his mind was made a superstition; and, like other

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