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CHAPMAN & HALL, LIMITED
11, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN

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LONDON PRINTED BY GILBERT AND RIVINGTON, LIMITED,

ST. JOHN'S SQUARE.

PREFACE.

This work is issued in a cheap form for general circulation at the request of the Government of Canada, conveyed to me through the High Commissioner for the Dominion, Sir Alexander Galt. It is composed of the chapters in “ Newfoundland to Manitoba : through Canada's Maritime, Mining, and Prairie Provinces,” describing the best way in which to reach Manitoba, and the attractions of the great Prairie Province of the Dominion. Chapter VII., containing the Opinions of Manitoba Farmers,” the substance of which appeared in The Times, is now reprinted for the first time. An Appendix, in two parts, contains the authentic experience of a working, man in Manitoba, and the regulations of the Canadian Government for the guidance of settlers. I hope that every reader of this work who is going to the Canadian Far West, or who is desirous of information concerning it, will gather from its pages practical hints about the journey thither, what to expect on arrival, and the conditions under which land can be acquired there.

W, FRASER RAE.

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MAP OF THE DOMINION OF CANADA
MAP OF MANITOBA, SHOWING New Towns, VILLAGES,

AND POST-OFFICES

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CHAPTER I.

TO THE CANADIAN FAR WEST.

ALL the lines of Atlantic steamers lead to Manitoba. The emigrant or traveller who embarks at Liverpool, Glasgow or London, at Bristol, Hull or Southampton, at Londonderry or Queenstown, at Havre, Antwerp, Hamburg or Bremen on a steamer bound for the North American Continent will find it easy after landing at any port there to continue his journey to the Canadian Far West. ·In cases where economy has to be practised and time saved, the emigrant generally begins his journey in a line of steamers running to Canada. If an emigrant, he should start from this country early in April; if a traveller, he should start at the end of August. The fare from British ports to Winnipeg, the capital of Manitoba, ranges from £9 58., for an emigrant who obtains an “assisted passage” in the steerage, to £28 for accommodation in the saloon. An intermediate or second-class through ticket costs from £12 8s. to £14 3s. Children at sea-children

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