Titles, Conflict, and Land Use: The Development of Property Rights and Land Reform on the Brazilian Amazon Frontier
University of Michigan Press, 14 Jul 1999 - 227 halaman
The Amazon, the world's largest rain forest, is the last frontier in Brazil. The settlement of large and small farmers, squatters, miners, and loggers in this frontier during the past thirty years has given rise to violent conflicts over land as well as environmental duress. Titles, Conflict, and Land Use examines the institutional development involved in the process of land use and ownership in the Amazon and shows how this phenomenon affects the behavior of the economic actors. It explores the way in which the absence of well-defined property rights in the Amazon has led to both economic and social problems, including lost investment opportunities, high costs in protecting claims, and violence. The relationship between land reform and violence is given special attention.
The book offers an important application of the New Institutional Economics by examining a rare instance where institutional change can be empirically observed. This allows the authors to study property rights as they emerge and evolve and to analyze the effects of Amazon development on the economy. In doing so they illustrate well the point that often the evolution of economic institutions will not lead to efficient outcomes.
This book will be important not only to economists but also to Latin Americanists, political scientists, anthropologists, and scholars in disciplines concerned with the environment.
Lee Alston is Professor of Economics, University of Illinois, and Research Associate for the National Bureau of Economic Research. Gary Libecap is Professor of Economics and Law, University of Arizona, and Research Associate for the National Bureau of Economic Research. Bernardo Mueller is Assistant Professor, Universidade de Brasilia.
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
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Introduction and Implications for Frontiers Elsewhere in the World
The Assignment of Property Rights to Land and Land Reform
The Politics and Economics of Property Rights Distribution Enforcement and Land Reform
4 A Framework for Analyzing Settlement Property Rights and Violence on the Brazilian Amazon Frontier
5 Settlement by Smallholders and Property Rights on the Amazon Frontier
Evidence from Household Surveys
Edisi yang lain - Lihat semua
agricultural Altamira Amazon frontier Belém Brazil budget bureaucratic capital census census data chapter claimants clear coefficient colonization Conceição do Araguaia conflict over land constitution courts demand for title Determinants discussion distance economic effect equation estimated eviction expropriation farmers farms Felix FIBGE forest frontier land Granger causality hectares Hence IBGE impact incentives INCRA institutions invaded invasion investment issue ITERPA jurisdiction land agency land conflicts land policy land redistribution land reform land values landless peasants landowners latifundia Libecap Marabá market center means ment migration municípios Nova Aliança organized owners Paragominas Paraná and Pará Parauapebas percent percentage points permanent crops plots PNRA political politicians population population densities production provide title reduce region Reunidas rights to land São Felix São Paulo secure property rights settled settlement projects settlers smallholders squatters squatting survey Tailândia tenure tion transportation costs Tucumá variable violence violent conflict wealth