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PROPOSED WATERWAY USER CHARGES

AND REPLACEMENT OF LOCKS AND DAM 26

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON WATER RESOURCES

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 712
A BILL TO AUTHORIZE THE CONSTRUCTION OF A REPLACE-
MENT LOCK AND DAM FOR LOCKS AND DAM 26, MISSISSIPPI
RIVER NEAR ALTON, ILLINOIS AND MISSOURI, AND FOR OTHER

PURPOSES

S. 790
A BILL TO AUTHORIZE THE REHABILITATION OR RECON.
STRUCTION OF LOCKS AND DAM 26, TO ESTABLISH A
REVOLVING FUND FROM USER FEES TO FINANCE A PORTION
OF THE FUTURE COSTS OF THE INLAND WATERWAYS OF THE
UNITED STATES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

S. 923
A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR THE COLLECTION OF WATERWAY

USER CHARGES, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

APRIL 1, 19, 20, AND MAY 2, 1977

SERIAL NO. 95-H15

Printed for the use of the Committee on Environment and Public Works

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COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS

JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia, Chairman EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont MIKE GRAVEL, Alaska

HOWARD H. BAKER, JR., Tennessee LLOYD M. BENTSEN, Texas

JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

JOHN H. CHAFEE, Rhode Island
GARY HART, Colorado

MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming
WENDELL R. ANDERSON, Minnesota
DANIEL PATRICK MOYNIHAN, New York

JOHN W. YAGO, Jr., Staff Director

BAILEY GUARD, Minority Staff Director
LEON G. BILLINGS and HAROLD H. BRAYMAN (Minority),

Senior Professional Staff Members
PHILIP T. CUJMINGS, RICHARD M. HARRIS, RICHARD E. HEROD (Minority),

and KATHERINE Y. CUDLIPP (Minority), A880ciate Counsels Professional and research staff: Karl R. BRAITHWAITE, PAUL CHIMES, E. KEVIN CORNELL,

GEORGE F. FENTON, Jr., RANDOLPH G. Flood, KATHLEEN R. E. FORCUM, JOHN D. FRESHMAN, ANN GARRABRANT, RICHARD T. GREER, WESLEY F. HAYDEN, VERONICA A. HOLLAND, RONALD L. Katz, KATHLEEN A. KORPON, JUDY F. PARENTE, JOHN B. PURINTON, Jr., JAMES D. RANGE (A88istant Counsel, Minority), JACQUELINE E. SCHAFER, CHARLENE A. STURBITTS, E. STEVENS SWAIN, Jr., ROBERT VAN HEUVELEN, SALLY W. WALKER, and HAVEN WHITESIDE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON WATER RESOURCES

MIKE GRAVEL, Alaska, Chairman EDMUND S. MUSKIE, Maine

PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico LLOYD M. BENTSEN, Texas

JAMES A. MCCLURE, Idaho QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota MALCOLM WALLOP, Wyoming

CONTENTS

OPENING STATEMENTS

Page Domenici, Hon. Pete V., U.S. Senator from the State of New Mexico -- 31,

263, 847, 1211 Gravel, Hon. Mike, U.S. Senator from the State of Alaska.

1, 1211

LIST OF WITNESSES

55 41

249 253

112

128 187 189

APRIL 1, 1977 (p. 1)
Bartlett, Hon. Dewey F., U.S. Senator from the State of Oklahoma.
Danforth, Hon. John C., U.S. Senator from the State of Missouri.---
Edminster, Dr. Joe A., ecological consultant, Pensacola, Fla., accompanied
by Alice Harris.---

Prepared statement..
Ela, Jonathan, Sierra Club, Madison, Wis.; Brent Blackwelder, Environ-

mental Policy Center, Washington, D.C.; Maitland Sharpe, Izaak Walton
League, Arlington, Va.; John Carl Marlin, executive director, Coalition
on American Rivers; and Kevin Doyle, Iowa Public Interest Research
Group
Prepa red statements :

Mr. Ela----
Mr. Blackwelder.---

Mr. Sharpe
Gephardt, Richard A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Vissouri
Harrison, Jim, Minnesota/Wisconsin Boundary Area Commission.

Prepared statement.
Larson, Howard, vice president, Environmental Affairs Outboard Marine

Corp., Milwaukee, Wis., on behalf of the Boating Industry Associations,
Chicago, Ii., and the National Association of Engine & Boat Manufac-
turers of New York City, accompanied by E. Bruce Butler of the firm of
Patton, Boggs and Blow, Washington, D.C.--

Prepared statement.-
Percy, Hon. Charles H., U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois-
Stevenson, Hon. Adlai E., U.S. Senator from the State of Illinois ---
Vickrey, Prof. William, Department of Economics, Columbia University,
New York, NY.---.

Prepared statement.-
Volkmer, Hon. Harold L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Missouri

59 69 72

101 104 37

32

76 90

53

APRIL 19, 1977 (p. 263)
Anderson, Lloyd, executive director, Port of Portland Commission, Port-

land, Oreg.-representing American Association of Port Authorities--- 310 Baldus, Hon. Alvin, a Representative in Congress from the State of Wisconsin

268 Carter, Thomas S., president, Kansas City Southern Railroad.

342 Prepared statement.

342 Dempsey, William, president, Association of American Railroads.

334 Prepared statement.--

659 Gidez, Robert M., vice president, Jack Faucett Associates, Chevy Chase, Md.-Economic consultants to American Waterways Operators, Inc.- 313 Prepared statements..

505, 533 Page

487 806

306

301 285

Hanke, Prof. Steven, Department of Geography and Environmental Engi-
neering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.-

Prepared statement.--
Harvey, John E., director, Transportation, Archer Daniels Midland Co.,

Decatur, Ill.--
Hull, William J., vice president, Ashland Oil, Inc., Washington, D.C.—coun-

sel, Water Resources Congress_-
Johnston, Hon. J. Bennett, Jr., U.S. Senator from the State of Louisiana -
Lightsey, James L., former director of River Transportation Division, Iowa

Department of Transportation --
Mahoney, William, Railway Labor Executive Association..

Prepared statement.---
McKim, Fred, general manager, West Bend Elevator Co..

Prepared statement..
Spychalski, John C., professor of business logistics, College of Business
Administration, Pennsylvania State U'niversity

Prepared statement..
Stauffer', Robert F., general counsel, National Coal Association, Washing-

ton, D.C.-----
Taylor, William, president, Illinois Central Gulf Railroad.

Prepared statement...
Wahler, W. A., president, Wahler & Associates -

501 343 682 343 688

490 818

301 339 665 314

913 1165

886

862 1037

849 983 920

909

907

APRIL 20, 1977 (p. 847)
Barloon, Prof. Marvin J., Department of Economics, Case Western Reserve
University, Cleveland, Ohio.-

Prepared statement..
Carpenter, L. C., vice president, Mid-Continent Farmers Association, Co-

lumbia, Mo.---
Gladders, Thomas L., president, G. W. Gladders Towing Co., Inc., St.
Louis, Mo.---

Prepared statement-
Gobrecht, Harry, director, Transportation and Physical Distribution,
United States Gypsum Co..

Prepared statement..
Greenbaum, Jill, legislative representative, National Taxpayers Union.---
Haar, Herbert R. Jr., associate port director, Board of Commissioners,

Port of New Orleans_-
Johnson, Reuben L., director of legislative services, National Farmers

Union
Koch, Bradley, legislative director, National Rural Electric Cooperative
Association, Washington, D.C---

Prepared statement.
Lambert, John W., president, Twin City Barge & Towing Co., Inc., St.
Paul, Minn.--

Prepared statement-
Lane, Lee Leonard, Public Interest Economics Center, Washington, D.C.-

Prepared statement.---
Mantia, Richard, Building & Construction Trades Council..
Nelson, Andrew T., manager, transportation research, Farmers Union Grain

Terminal Association, St. Paul, Minn.-
Potts, Ramsay, counsel for the National Committee on Locks and Dam 26,
Washington, D.C.--

Prepared statement-
Wheeler, Edwin, president, Fertilizer Institute, Washington, D.C..
Wilson, Richard, vice president, barging operation, C. F. Industries, Long
Grove, II.---.

Prepared statement.

888 1146

872 1119

918 1199 889

891

858 1005 892

865 1081

1212

MAY 2, 1977 (p. 1211 )
Adams, Hon. Brock, Secretary, Department of Transportation..
Graves, Maj. Gen. Ernest, director of civil works, U.S. Army Corps of

Engineers, accompanied by Homer Willis, Chief, Engineering Division,
Directorate of Civil Works..

1229

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