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beauteous tint to some more distant surface, and these continually changing and nearing, until at length, ascending higher and higher, they form the clouds above his head, in which are forged the thunderbolts, in the bosom of which, kindles the lightning's fire. The scene is too gigantic for my pen—I pause.

E. M.

E., which lasted about four hours ; lost topsails and sprung topsail yard. The O. was on Grand Bank, Feb. 16; has experienced very violent and severe gales from N.W. to W. the whole passage.

Ship Kensington, from Manila, on Feb. 27, at 8 A. M., a severe gale commenced blowing with great violence from S.E. to N.W., without abating for 72 hours. March 4th shipped a sea which stove monkey rails, &c. At midnignt, a whirlwind struck the ship, which sounded like the report of a cannon, split new maintopsail and done much damage.

Schr. - from Baltimore, for Bath, went ashore in the gale at 10 P.M. 27th, near the Goose Rocks, W. of Saco River, and immediately went to pieces. The crew seven in number, got safely on shore.

A topsail schr. went ashore on the night of 27th, on Bass Island, Cape Porpoise Harbor.

Sunday, February 28. Brig Palmetto, at Charleston, from Boston, on the 28th, took a gale which split sails and shifted cargo.

Sch. Alcyona, from Philadelphia for Brazos, on the 28th, lat. 34 21, long. 73 30, experienced a heavy gale of wind from S. E. to N.W. which lasted for 48 hours, during which lost mainmast and all attached, sprung foremast, lost foretopmast, and jibboom, split sails, and caused the vessel to leak.

The weather in the vicinity of Houston, during the early part and middle of this month was said to be the coldest ever experienced in that section of the country. The extreme cold had been productive of much sickness in the interior counties-pleurisy, quinsy and other dangerous diseases prevailing to a great extentand several of the oldest citizens had fallen victims. -N. 0. Delta, Feb. 28.

Ship Uncas, wnich returned to this port yesterday morning in distress, bound to Cork from Norfolk, experienced a severe gale from W.S.W. on the 28th, 90 miles E. of Cape Henry; sprung a leak under the counter; made for this port in order to repair.

The amount of rain that fell during the month of February, as ascertained by the gauge kept at the Pennsylvania Hospital was 4 inches 57-100.

March 9, 1847.
Earthquake at Green Bay and on Fox River.

April 1, 1847.
Earthquake at Limington, state of Maine.

April 27, 1847. Earthquake at Mount Morris, Livingston County, New-York.

Thus the long catalogue is swelled to the number of 52, and no doubt numerous other Earthquakes have taken place during the same time, of which we have no information.

Our meteorlogical records presentobservations made simultaneously at three different stations remote from each other, which have been made simultaneously with the occurrence of earthquakes, thereby affording the means of ascertaining how far Earthquakes affect theatmosphere and to what extent a peculiar state of the atmosphere operates in producing earthquakes.

A GREAT SNOW STORM. The following account of tremendous snow storms in the year 1777, is taken from the “History of Lynn," by Alonzo Lewis, published a number of years ago:

“ Two great storms, on the twentieth and twentyfourth of February, covered the ground so deep with snow that people for some days could not pass from one house to anor her. Old Indians of an hundred years said that their fathers had never told them of such a snow. It was from ten to twenty feet deep, and generally covered the lower stories of the houses. Cottages of one story were entirely buried, 80 that the people dug paths from one house to another under the snow. Soon after, a slight rain fell, and the frost crusted the snow; and then the people went out of their chamber windows and walked over it.

Many of the farmers lost their sheep; and most of the sheep and swine wbich were saved lived from one to two weeks without food. One man had some hens buried near his barn, which were dug out alive veleven days after. During this snow, a great number of deer came from the woods for food, and were followed by the wolves, which killed many of them. Others were killed by the people with guns. Some of the deer fled to Nahant, and being chased by the wolves, leaped into the sea and were drowned. Great damage was done to the orchards by the snow freezing to the branches, and splitting the trees as it fell.

This snow was a remarkable era in New-England; and old people, in relating an event, would say that it happened so many years before or after the great snow.

[From the Brooklyn Evening Star.]

A MOUNTAIN MORNING. At the dawn of day I took my position upon the top of a forest tree, on a terrestial protuberance, whose sides had for a mantle the clouds of heaven, to watch the rising of the sun above the eastern horizon.

What an observatory this !-what sublimity of scenery!-what grandeur of display !-what magnificence!-pen cannot describe it, for there is nothing with which to compare it.

The reader may imagine himself at a height of 4000 feet above the earth's common surface, seated upon the flattened top of a stunted tree, with nothing to obscure his vision, in calm, silent meditation, surveying the great terrestial carpet, spread out with all its chequered scenery before him—the rivers, lakes, ponds, and water courses, each covered with white clouds formed by the condensing of the atmosphere upon the refrigerating surfaces of these aqueous bodiesto the East, morning, with its golden adornings, entering-to the West, night, with its silvery hues, retiring--the stars fading the planets disappearing from the greater effulgence of light-and beyond, in the centre of the mighty vault of heaven, the etherial ocean of boundless space, extending beyond the reach of human vision, and far, far beyond the stretch of thought. In such a position, mortality is forgotten, for the sublimities of nature wholly absorb the mind. Ere a little, and the mind is awakened from its medi. tation, and roused to the contemplation of the mighty orb of light-the rising sun; the mantled waters send forth their ascending vapors in successive clouds, and in a short space of time the whole terrestial surface beneath is covered with cloud, piled on cloud, look. ing like the depths of a mighly deep, transformed into vasts cataracts, with majestic cascades, and those of various and of lesser size, shaded with abysses which appear of an unfathomable depth, and studded with majestic columns, carved and ornamented with the various orders of primitive architecture; the edges of these painted and gilded with the richest adornings from the solar pencil, each casting a reflection in a

EARTHQUAKES. We continue our catalogue of earthquakes from page 690. On that page we record 38 earthquakes, which have taken place since Nov. 25, 1845, and now add to that long list as follows:

May 8, 1846.
Earthquako at Memphis Tennessee.

Sept. 16, 1846. Two severe shocks of earthquake were felt at the city of St. Domingo.

Nov. 24, 1846.
A severe shock of an earthquake about midnight
between 23d and 24th, was felt in a large district in
Scotland.

Dec. 17, 1846.
Earthquake at Trinidad.

Jan. 20, 1847.
An Earthquake was experienced at Lincolnville,
Maine, a few days since. See Journal of Commerce
of this day's date.

Jan. 29, 1847.
The Antigonish Chronicle states that a shock of an
earthquake was felt in that county on the evening of
Jan. 29, at half-past 9 o'clock.

Feb. 2, 1847.
Earthquake at Deerfield, New Hampshire.

Feb. 8, 1847.
Accounts from South America states that the city of
Capiaco had been nearly destroyed by an earthquake,
date of its occurrence not stated.

February 14, 1347.
Earthquake at Meredith, New Hampshire.

Feb. 19, 1847.
Earthquake at Belfast, Maine.

Feb. 21, 1847.
Earthqnake at Deerfield, N. H.

LIGHTNING DISASTERS. The record of death and of damage by lightning contained in this volume shows that lightning storms prevail to a greater extent than is generally supposed.

Three Ships burnt by Lightning. Ship Oscar, at Port of Spain, struck by lightning Sept. 15, 1846, and wholly consumed.

Packet ship Thos. P. Cope, struck by lightning. Nov. 29, 1846, set on fire, and with cargo, wholly destroyed. One person perished in the flames.

Ship Christopher Columbus struck by lightning Feb. 11, 1847, set on fire, and with cargo wholly consumed. A lady passenger in feeble health died in consequence of the disaster and subsequent exposure

Ship Hugenot, of 1000 tons burthen, loaded with cotton, struck by lightning, June 12, set on fire and was obliged to put into Savannah to obtain aid to extinguish the fire. Loss $3,000.

Brig Columbia struck by lightning, July 3, 1846. Six men aloft reefing sails were knocked into the sea and lost; the lightning descended into the hold and set the vessel on fire, the Captain was the only person on board saved.

Sch. H. S. Cranston was struck by lightning, off Hog Island, on the 7th of June. One man killed, and all on board severely stunned—both her masts shivered to pieces.

Ship Panama struck by lightning at New Bedford on the 23d of May.

Ship Accommodation, lying at the wharf in Newburyport, Mass., was struck by lightning on the 15th of June.

A schr. at Newport, R.I., was struck by lightning on the 12th of July, and one of her masts was shivered to pieces.

Sloop Genesse at Albany was struck by lightning, on July 5, and both masts shivered from the top to the deck.

Brig Mary Ellen on the 23d of July, in lat. 39, long. 70, was struck by lightning, shivered the mainmast, and knocked down the first officer and man at the wheel

Brig New-England, struck by lightning on May 5, off East Hampton.

Brig Juliet, at Baltimore, on Aug. 7, was struck and had her mainmast much sbattered ; a schr. at same place had both masts injured, and two men knocked down and stunned.

Bark Hortensia was struck on May 30, lat. 40, long. 11, broke foretopgallant mast and fore topsail sheet in several places.

Steamer Citizen in the River Thames, near London, was struck on the 1st of Aug. and the box of one of the wheels damaged.

Sch. Comet was struck by lightning at St. Jago do

Illinois.

Cuba, on Sept. 11, shivered maintopsail, split head of

ning on the 16th August, and after shivering it from of the shakes in this town have been felt at Meremainmast, and passed out throuph the cabin deck,

top to bottom, the Auid escaped through the front dith and other points near the Lake, and that they ripping off some of the ceiling in the cabin.

door, tearing it in splinters. No other injury done. have been very severe at the source of the Lamprey Shlp Emily near New Bedford was struck by light

near the Saddleback mountain. From my own obning on the 12th of Sept.

Sub-Marine Volcano.—A ship passing from Batavia

servations (since my correspondence with you) I find to Canton in 16 N. latitude, longitude 125 E. fell in Ship Independence, in lat. 49N. long. 23W was struck

that every shock which I have noticed has been pre with immense quantities of floating pummice stones,

ceeded or succeeded by a storm-generally & storm twice by lightning, Jan. 14, knocked down five men, apparently not having been long erupted, as the samples

bas followed in proportion to the violence of ihe shake. disabled two, and done other damage. picked up were free from slime or grass. Many pieces

Since I last wrote to you, we have had three or foar Brig Tonqua was struck and had her mainmast were quite large. The nearest land was distani 1000

shocks, two in February, one on the second, and the and sail set on fire on Nov. 23, in lat. 38 10, long. 71. miles, the Ladrone Islands.

other on the 21st of Feb. which were followed by PERSONS KILLED BY LIGHTNING IN 1846.

Phenomenon.-A pond of 50 acres, in W. Spring. rain. I kept an account of the state of the thermomeFeb. 13.-A young lady killed in bed in Mobile, field has changed from a pure, transparent color to a ter at each shake, and of the atmosphere, but I canAlabama, at 6 A.M.

dirty yellow hue. A gaseous spring has burst forth not now lay my band upon my record. In every inApril 18.-A young man killed at Norwich, New. in it. The late earthquake probably had something stance the thermometer was more than 45° above zero, York, coming out of a stable. to do with this phenomenon.-Sept. 1.

but the shakes have never been so violent in winter as May 30.--A man killed near Tarboro, N. C.

in summer and autumn.

Extraordinary Hail.-Hail stones as large as hen's May 8.-Two persons killed at Georgetown, N.C.

You will accept my cordial thanks for the many eggs, angular and pointed like stalactites, have recent- A man killed near Quincy, Illinois.

papers you have sent. Some of the last papers I re ly fallen in Bayonne, in France, completely destroy· June 5.--- A man killed on the Washington Railroad

ceived from you brought the most solemn and distress ing most of the gardens ; the branches of the trees near Baltimore.

ing intelligence-the death of an accomplished and June 10.-Two men killed under a tree in Switzfalling as if cut through with a hatchet.

highly respected daughter of yours. erland connty, Indiana.

Mr. Colburn represents trade as being extremely The doings of the All-wise and Supreme Ruler of June 15.-Five men killed in Donjow (Allier) in dull at Sante Fe. There was a heavy storm of snow the Universe are inscrutable to us. "Unexpectedly the woods.

on the mountains on the 15th of June, and on the and even in an instant we are deprived of the most June 17.-A woman killed near Middle Rivor, Va., | 10th of July he saw large banks of snow. Ou the 24th lovely, the most amiable and dearest friend on earth. while standing on the wheel of a wagon.

of June, there was a tremendous hail storm on the St. Yet we must not-we will not murmur. Thongh I July 1.-Six persons knocked into the sea by light Charles : some of the stones measured nine inches,

have never seen you nor any of your family, many ning on board the Columbia.

and he saw one house which had holes cut through sympathetic tears dropped from my eyes, when I saw July 11.-A man killed near Cook's Mills, Niagara. the roof by it. --$1. Louis Republican, Sept. 2.

the obituary notice of your pious daughter. Her July 24.--A man killed near Washington.

death brought freshly in my mind the sudden death a July 10.-Two persons killed near Montreal.

few years since of a daughter of mine about 20 years

NEW-HAMPSHIRE CORRESPONDENCE. July 27.- A man killed at Vinegar Hill, near Galena,

of age, by being thrown from a chaise and the horse

Meredith, N.H., Feb. 27th, 1847, falling upon her. Oft have I thought of your grievons July 29.-A man killed at Chambersburgh, Pa.

affliction, and sincerely do I sympathize with you in E. Meriam, Esq. - Two men killed at Sault St. Marie.

the loss of your affectionate and beloved daughter.

Dear Sir.-I here send you some accounts of the July 30.-A child killed at Somersworth, New

But the thought that she was prepared for her latter Hampshire. weather and other phenomena of Nature, particularly

end must afford you a far greater and more heavenly -man killed at Mount Auburn, Shelby county,

an earthquake at this place and in the adjoining towns, consolation than all the tears and sorrowing of sympa.

during the winter now just taking its leave of us. Indiana.

thizing friends. The quantity of snow this winter has been much - A young man killed near Mercersburg, Pa

With respect, less than we have generally had in most seasons, and Aug. 6.-A man killed at Windsor, Maine, sitting

I am your obedient servant, in the same months. The weather has been rather in the house.

And sincere friend, mild for the climate, and we have had several small Aug. 2.Three persons killed under a tree at Mar

E. MERIAM, Esq.

JOSIAH BUTLER. rains. A few of what might be called sharp cold shall, Texas. days," and occasionally a very high wind, has been

North DEERFIELD, Jan. 29, 1847. Aug. 10.-A young man killed at Windsor, Maine,

experienced. The coldest day was the 22d of Janu JUDGE BUTLER. sitting in the louse.

ary, when the thermometer (in a room in which no Aug. 13.-A man killed at Indianapolis.

Sir-In answer to your enquiries, I would observe, Aug. 14.-A man killed in Bedford county, Pa.. in fire was kept) ranged at two degress below zero, about

that Lamprey River takes its rise at Northwood, at Bunrise. a bara.

the N.W. part of Saddleback Mountain, probably

February 14th, about 5 o'clock in the morning, a Aug. 17.-A young lady killed in a house in Eliza

about two miles from Pleasaut Pond-thence running small shock of an earthquake passed under us from beth City.

in a south westerly direction, it approaches to within southeasterly to northwesterly ; at which time the Aug. 24.-A man killed in Lancaster county, Pa.

one mile 180 rods of Pleasant Pund, thence it takes a snow was fast falling from a squally cloud which apAug. 28.--A man killed near Louisville under a

more southerly direction. Pleasant Pond is 482 feet parently rose in the westerly quarter of the horizon. tree.

above the sea level, and the head waters of L. River After the squall of snow and wind had passed over, Aug. 30.-A person killed in Killingworth, Ct.

are probably from observation about the same beight. the remainder of the day was considerably calm and Sept. 2.-Three persons killed at Havana, in a

The land between the River and Pond at the nearest pleasant. The preceding day was uncomfortably cold, house. and windy, if not equally —a state of the weather

point of approximation is very uneven with high hills Sept. 3.-A woman killed in Wilton, Saratoga Co.,

and deep intervening vallies. Travelling from the which does not generally, nor often, immediately prestanding in the doorway.

River towards the Pond about equi-distant you come cede an earthquake. It appears highly probable that Sept. 4.-A man killed in St. Louis in a house.

to an escarpment or high ridge nearly 150 feet, thence this earthquake proceeded from the same source in Sept. 25.—Three persons killed by lightning at ||

it gradually descends to Pleasant Pond, which by which the “ Deerfield Phenomena” or subterranean Louisville, New-York.

taking the altitude of an adjoining eminence, I have “shakes" originated. Oct. 16.-A man was killed at Black Rock Dam,

found to be about 300 feet lower than the top of said

Yours, with respect, New-York.

escarpment. Some of the rocks in the vicinity of this

DUDLEY LEAVITT. - Two persons killed in North Carolina.

ridge are highly impregnated with iron and in the June 7.-0ae man killed by lightning on board the

vallies may be found the decomposition of hornblendo H.S. Cranston.

South DEERFIELD, April 15, 1847.

rock of a dark red color, with some fine specimens

of Terra de Sena. The rise of the Saddleback Mt Accounts from Spain state that several persons had Dear Sir, I have long delayed answering the en

is gradual from the river to the top, which is 1072 been killed by lightning.

quiries in your last letter hoping to be able to give feet higher than the river. Pleasant Pond is 24 miles you more and full and particular information in regard from Rattlesnake Island in the south easterly parts of

to the head waters of Lamprey river, &c. &c. A Omitted in the September Number of 1846.

Winnepiseoga Lake, and 17) miles from Alton Bay, friend sent the enclosed to me in January last, and I A place to cut Ice in Summor.-An importation of || should have immediately transmitted it to you, but I

the southeasterly part of said Lake.

In haste, I remain yours, &c. ice has just taken place from Greenland! The cargo, expected to have an accurate survey, and to have been

E. RAND. consisting of 110 tons, was taken to London.

able :o give you the distance to the Winnipissioga

from the source of the Lamprey river, and as well as The Summit of Mount Blanc bare of Snow !-Ow froin Pleasant Pond, and the distance from this pond

LIGHTNING STORM, APRIL 21st and 22d, 1847. ing to the excessive heat in Switzerland, the snow has to Suncook pond, and the distance of several other The barn of Jeremy Rockwell, in Hadley, Saratoga disappeared from the tops of the mountains.

ponds and waters between Pleasant Pond and the County, N. Y., was struck by lightning, on WednesStruck by Lightning.-On the 27th of August, the

Lake Winnipiseogee. One branch of the Suncook day, April 21st, and destroyed, together with two glue factory at Brighton Lock, near Rochester, was

river, you will see by the map, issues from Suucook valuable horses, two waggons, two or three sleighs struck with lighting. the fluid entered the building,

pond in Northwood, and the outlet from Pleasant pond and about 200 bushels ot grain. This barn had trcice passed over a table where two men were working,

empties its waters into this branch within a mile of before been struck by lightning knocking them down, with others in the neighbor. the pond.

On Wednesday evening of the same day, the barn hood, but not seriously injuring any.

Between the head waters of the Lamprey river I of Paul Custer, in Herkimer, N. Y., was struck by

and the said lake, there are many ponds and streams, In a thunder Storm, the steeple of the French Cath- || but I am not now able to inform you how near they

lightning, and together with five tons of hay con

sumed, and about 15 minutes afier the barn of Albert olic church, in Chatham, Canada, was struck by light approximate each other. I have been intormed that many Tabor, about 100 rods from the barn of Mr. Custer,

was struck by lightning, and together with one horse, four cows, hogs, &c. consumed.

The dwelling-House of Mr. Hiram Sherman, in Fenner, Madison County, N. Y., was struck by lightning the same evening. The lightning struck the roof, shattering two of the rafters, and separating near the plate a part of it entered the side of the house, directly over the head of Mr. Sherman who was sittng bearheaded and leaning against the wall, striking him on the head or shoulders and passing down his back until it encountered a vail driven in the wall, and thence to the outside of the house, without farther damage. A physician was called and restored Mr. Sherman to consciousness, but his recovery is doubt. ful. Mrs. Sherman, and several of her children, and also a hired man, were present, but received no injury. Cold water should have been poured upon Mr. Sherman immediately, very freely

On Thursday, 22d of April, a horse was killed by lightning near Chelsea, Mass., about 8, P. M., the driver escaped unhurt; same evening, a house was struck by lightning in Newburyport, Mass., and same night thunder and lightning and snow at Albany, and at 2, P. M., next day, a furious snow storm was experienced at Boston, notwithstanding the thermometer had stood at the same place at 83 in the shade the day previous at 2 P. M.

CAURCH STRUCK BY Lightning.-The Nashville (Ten.)Moptheopolitan says, that during a thunderstorm in that city, on the 22d of April, the new College Hill Church was struck by lightning and much damaged. The lightning first struck one of the chimneys, Ibrowing it down ; it then passed through the roof into the interior, bursting the posts and other timbers, and passed out of the front door, which it shivered to pieces. The building is otherwise greatly damaged.

THUNDER AND SNOW. The Christian Guardian, published at Toronto, Capada West, April 14, contains a paragraph, copied from the Woodstock Herald, as follows:

“Hail Storm.-A rather unusual phenomenon occarred here on Tuesday last, in the midst of a very heavy hail storm from ihe east, which was followed by snow, a thunder storm passed over head. The thunder apparently was not accompanied by much lightning, though we believe that the hail and snow was so thick, that it could not penetrate the darkness which was so great that candles were found to be necessary at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.” This was probably March 30th, 1847.-ED.

STEAM CARS STRUCK BY LIGHTNING. Winter Birds. During the winter and spring, I
March 13th, 1846, An engine, attached to a pass-

have fed near my window several sparrows and snow enger train, on the railroad from Augusta to Atalanta,

birds that came several times during the day for food.

For several days in the month of February a sparrow, Ga., was struck by lightning. The Auid passed along the cars, and gave the passengers a shock; but did no

that had lost its tail feathers came and I noticed this further mischief. New York Herald, April 7.

bird twenty times in a day feeding. On the 21st of February I found one of the sparrows lying dead on

the snow. I fed the sparrows and snow birds in MORTALITY IN THE CITY OF NEW-YORK. Greenwood Cemetery in cold weather. Birds that The City Inspector reports 11,318 interments during

remain here during winter require food and when the year 1846, of which 3,990 were in Catholic burye

the snow covers the ground it is a pleasant employ. ing grounds; 1,630 in Potter's Field. Over 1602 were

ment to minister to the want of these little creatures, taken out of the city for interment. In Methodist for they are full of gratitude, and besides it adds sweet burying grounds 1,621; Friends 37; Hebrew 78. The to sleep. residue in church yards of different religious denomi. notions.

GREENWOOD CEMETERY. Of persons over 60 years of age, 790 have died This place of sepulchre contains about 242 acres of during the year ; 171 of those were upwards of 90 land, enclosed by a picket fence 10 feet high. One years of age ; 274 between 80 and 90, and 345 be half of the ground is covered with a thrifty growth tween 60 and 70. The death of aged persons occur of wood, has a varied surface, and is well adapted by red as follows: January, 63; February, 63; March, nature for the sacred purposes to which it has been 52; April, 76 ; May, 64; June, 50; July, 73; August, dedicated. 62; September, 66; October, 68; November, 61; The Cemetery is within the boundaries of the city December, 92.

of Brooklyn, upon Long Island, and near its western shore, near Gowanus Bay, the village of Gowanus

lying between the Cemetery and the Bay. PRAYERS FOR RAIN.

The distance from Fulton Ferry to the gate of enIt is often during periods of great drought that trance to the Cemetery is about three miles. prayers are offered up for rain : men professing to be A Porter attends at the gate. Carriages and horses Christians have confidence in obtaining a favorable are not allowed within the enclosure unless by special answer to such supplications for the reason that their permission, except those belonging to proprietors of prayers are sincere and earnest and that the all-wise lots. Ruler of the Heavens answers prayer, yet we find 1,800 lots have already been sold since the Cemetery among these some Christian professors-men enter was commenced, and there have been in all about taining opinions that the changes of the atmosphere are 2,500 interments in this place of sepulchre. based wholly upon some system or theory winch is at The dimensions of a lot is 25 feet by 13, and the variance with the special interposition of Divine Pro price $100. Four lots sold in one parcel are put at vidence. Sach views are not consistent. The wind $80 each, or $320 for the four. bloweth where it listeth, and / none can tell from The money received for lots after paying the original whence it comes or whither it goeth.

cost of the land is appropriated to the improvement The venerable Commodore Sloat was at sea during of the Cemetery grounds. the terrific gale of the 101h of October last. In his letter None but proprietors are allowed entrance on the to the government, he says, it was the most terrible

Sabbath. storm he ever witnessed in those seas. He was in the Several Stages run from the Ferries to Greenwood United States brig of war Perry, which was wrecked, at all hours of the day. The price of Fare going and but all on board saved. In his official account of the returning is twenty-five ceuts. disaster, which is addressed to the Secretary of the Navy, (see ante. p. 735,) he says: a kind Providence

THE VOCAL WILLOW. directing her to that part of the reef where the tremen The last Sabbath in March I was standing near a dous high seas carried her over." The cominodore is willow in Greenwood Cemetery and was surprised an old sailor, and frank in bis acknowledgment that

to hear soft and plaintive sounds coming from the wiry his preservation and that of the men on board was the

tendrils of the tree that hung pendant from the branches special act of Providence. When Commodore Sloat

when the swift zephyrs passed through the vegetable arrived at New Orleans he immediately repaired to

drapery in their hurried flight across these consecrated the church and offered up thanks for his preservation

grounds. It was sweet but melancholy music. Oft from the storm. This was well worthy an old sailor.

have I heard the whistling wind, but I never before When the steamer Great Western was perilled in

I have heard such notes from the willow when moved the great gale on the 19th of September the passen

by a cold and chilling wind.
gers on board engaged in religious services and song
the special interposition of Providence in their behalf.

BIRDS.
Their prayers were answered, and they expressed
their gratitude for safe deliverance, and immediately

About two o'clock P.M. on Saturday, March 27, raised a fund for charitable purposes. (See ante. p.

great numbers of Robbins and Blue Birds came into 729.)

Trinity Church Yard in New-York. A severe snow The steamer Great Britain was wrecked during the

storm had been raging at the north from 3 P.M., the same storm. Here the passengers were saved—they

previous day until 11 A.M. of that day. The next sought the aid of Providence in earnest prayer in the

day Greenwood Cemetery which contains within its

enclosure 242 acres was visited by immense number's hour of peril. The steamer Atlantic, wrecked on Long Island

of Robbins, Snow Birds, Blue Birds and focks of Sound, on the 26th of November, (thanksgiving day.)

birds resembling the Yellow Bird, except in colorThe passengers here sought safety in prayer, and al

they had on their winter coat, were greyish striped though 42 of the number perished, yet there was a

and so tame that I approached within three feet of merciful interposition in their behalf, and the residue

"them and threw down seed for them to eat. Sparrows were saved.

in pairs also were abundant. It was wonderful to see When the United States ship of War Boston was lost

these birds resort to the resting places of the dead for in 1846, a person on board writing for a newspaper

protection.
journal, said, there was neither praying or cursing on
board during the hour of peril: he probably did not

CANINE SAGACITY.
understand in what prayer consists. “No doubt many An instance of animal sagacity and humanity un-
a heart prayed fervently to God for protection. The equalled in our remembrance, took place before our
ship was lost.

door on Saturday. An unfortunate dog, in order to

make sport for some poor fools, had a pan tied to its The WREN.-On the morning of the 23d of April, tail, and was sent off on its travels towards Galt. It at about five o'clock, a wren made its appearance at a reached the village utterly exhausted, and lay down wren house near my window but shortly after disap before the steps of Mr. Young's Tavern, eyeing most peared and I have not heard or seen it since. I am anxiously the horrid annoyance hung behind him, but unable to account for the sudden appearance and unable to move a step further, or rid himself of the equally sudden disappearance of these birds both in tormentor. Another dog, a Scotch colley, came up at spring and autumn. If they journey to a warmer clime the time, and seeing the distress of his crony, said they must perform great labor in travelling.-May 1. I himself down genuly beside him, and gaining his con

SNOW, THUNDER AND LIGHTNING. At Albion, N. Y., at 6 P. M., Tuesday, March 30th, 1847, a severe snow storm was experienced, accompanied by heavy thunder and sharp lightning.

At Toronto, Canada West, a severe snow storm was experienced on Tuesday, March 30th, accompanied by thunder and lightning

At Rochester, N. Y., Tuesday, March 30th, a driving snow storm was experienced at 7, P. M., accompanied by heavy thunder and sharp lightning, during which the telegraph wires were struck.,

On Friday, 26th of March, a furious snow storm cummenced at Albany, at 3, P. M., and continued 20 hours, during which 18 inches of snow fell. At 11 o'clock, A. M., of the same day, Mr. J. W. Reeves was killed by lightning at Woodbridge, N. J., together with a span of horses he was driving. His clothes were torn in pieces, and a steel guard chain around his neck melted, and his watch broken. The same day the Farmers' Hotel, at Southport, was struck by lightning, and a young man by the name of Barnard Van Vleeck killed.

On Tuesday, 13th of April, a barn, near Uniontown, Md., was struck by lightning and consumed, together with eight head of cattle and two borses. The same day a barn near Chambersburgh, Pa., was struck by lightning, and with two horses, cow and calf, and 12 or 15 barrels of flour consumed. Same day snow fell at Brooklyn and Troy, and next day a vio. lent snow storm at Buffalo, N. Y., Montreal, Lower Canada, and Kingston, Upper Canada Snow fell more than six inches deep at Montreal.

1791,

1792.

1780.

1803.

1813.
| Ebenezer Purdy, Peter W. Radcliff,

John C. Horzeboom, James W. Wilkin,
Jacobus Van Schoonhoven, John Stearns,
Jacob Snell,

Jonas Platt.
1804.

1814.
John Broom,

Elbert H. Jones,
Abraham Adriance, Morgan Lewis,
Thomas Treadwell, Samuel Stewart,
Caleb Hyde.

Henry A. Townsend, 1805.

1815. John Schenck,

Jonathan Dayton, Joshua H. Brett,

Lucas Elmendorf, Jedediah Peck,

Ruggles Hubbard, Stephen Thorne,

Farrand Stranahan. 1806.

1816.
De Witt Clinton,

Darius Crosby,
Robert Johnson,

William Ross,
Adam Comstock, Parley Hayes,
Henry Huntington, Archibald S. Clark.
1807.

1817.
Thomas Thorne,

Walter Bowne, 1
James Burt,

John Noyes,
Edward Savage,

John D. Prendergast,
John Nicholas.

Henry Bloom. 1808.

1818. Benjamin Coe,

Peter R. Livingston,
Peter C. Adams,

Henry Yates,
John Veeder,

Jabez D. Hammond,
Nathan Smith.

Henry Seymour. 1809. Jonathan Ward,

Stephen Barnum, James G. Graham, William Ross, Isaac Kellogg,

George Rusecrantz, Alexander Rhae.

Stephen Bates. 1810.

1820.
Israel Carle,

John D. Ditmas,
Robert Williams,

Levi Adams,
Daniel Paris,

John Lounsbury,
Amos Hall.

Ephraim Hart, 1811,

1821.
Benjamin Coe,

Walter Bowne,
James W. Wilkin, John T. Moore,
John McLean,

Roger Skinner,
Philetus Swift.

David Evans
1812.

1822. William W. Gilbert, John Townsend, Johannus Bruyn,

Charles E. Dudley, Henry Yates,

Benjamin Moores, Francis A. Bloodgood. Perry G. Childs.

1819.

fidence by a few caresses, proceeded to gnaw the

We are indebted to BENJAMIN F. THOMPSON, string by which the noisy appendage was attached to Esq., Historian of Long Island, for the following his friend's tail, and at the conclusion of abont a quarter

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE of an hour's exertions, severed the cord, and started

COUNCIL OF APPOINTMENT, to his legs with the pan hanging from the string in his mouth, and after a few joyful capers around his

OF NEW-YORK, friend, departed on his travels, in the highest glee at

From 1777 to 1822. his success.-Galt (Canada) Reporter.

1777.

1790. FELINE SAGACITY.

Jon Morin Scott,

Phillip Livingston,

John Cantine, A gentleman in whose statement we can implicitly | Jesse Woodhull, rely, gave us an account of a cat having a large

Abraham Yates, Jr. Phillip Schuyler, litter of kittens nursing among the brood a young

Alexander Webster. Edward Savage. rat. The cat killed the old rat, the mother of the young

1778. one, and the next day brought in the young rat and nursed it for several days but being absent from her | Jacob Roosevelt,

Isaac Roosevelt, little ones another cat seized the young rat and destroy. || Levi Pawling,

Peter Schuyler, ed it which so affected the mother of the kittens on | Rynier Mynderse,

Thomss Tillotson, her return that she forsook her whole brood of kittens | Alexander Webster. Alexander Webster. and never would go near them afterward. Our informant saw the little rat among the kittens and was

1779. acquainted with all the facts here stated.

Zepheniah Platt,

David Pye,

Direk W. Ten Broeck, Phillip Van Cortlandt,
FAMINE IN IRELAND.

Ebenezer Russell, Stephen Van Rensselaer, The potatoe crop for the last year in Ireland, has been Jonathan Lawrence. William Powers. destroyed by the rot and the consequence is that

1793. great suffering prevails among those who made use of this root as a principal article of food.

Abraharı Ten Broeck, David Gelston, Mankind are but little aware of their entire de Stephen Ward,

Robert Woodsworth, pendence upon the annual crops of the earth-these! Arthur Parks,

John Hasbrouck, are their riches—all the precious metals would serve

Ebenezer Russell.

John Frey. but little purpose to a nation when their annual crops of food are cut off. The failure of the Potatoe crop

1781.

1794. has made the Bank of France a borrower and drained

Alexander Webster, Phillip Schuyler, the vaults of the Bank of England of most of its

Isaac Stoutenburgh, Fina Hitchcock, gold.

Henry Oothout,

Selah Strong,
AID TO IRELAND.

Zepheniah Platt. Reuben Hopkins.
The Committee on Bread-stufts and Provisions |

1795. inform their fellow citizens throughout the country, that they will be happy to receive contributions of Jonathan Lawrence, Jacobus Van Schoonhoven, bread-stuffs and provisions, and ship them free of ex- | William B. Whiting. Richard Hatfield, pense, to the “Central Committee of the Society of John Haring,

William Powers, Friends in Dublin," for general distribution among the Elkanah Day,

Joseph Hasbrouck. famishing poor of Ireland.

1783.

1796. Communications on this subject may be addressed to either of the Committee. The freight from New

Ezra L'Hommedieu, Joshua Sands,
York will be paid by the British government.

Jacob Swartwout, Abraham Schenck,
GEORGE BARCLAY,

Alexander Webster, Ebenezer Russell,
ROBT, B. MINTURN,

Abraham Yates, Jr. Michael Myers,
JAS. REYBURN,

1784.
WILLIAM REDMOND,

1797. New-York, May, 1847. GEO. McBRIDE, Jr.

Ezra L'Hommedieu, Andrew Onderdonk,

Jacobus Hathorne, Ambrose Spencer,
METEORLOGICAL RECORD

Alexander Russell, Leonard Gansevoort,
FOR THE MONTHS OF MARCH AND APRIL. Abraham Yates, Jr. Thomas Morris.
The atmosphere has been in an extraordinary state

1785.

1798. during March and April. In March severe snow storms accompanied by thunder and lightning, and other Ebenezer Russell, Ezra L'Hommedieu, extensive storms. We have accounts of but one earth. Isaac Roosevelt,

William Thompson, quake in March, but the peculiar state of the atmos William E. Whiting, Moses Vail, phere indicate that other earthquakes have taken place. Joseph Gasherie.

Joseph White. In April the extremes of heat and cold were very

1786. great. "At Albany, the temperature on the morning of April 1, was at zero. On the 22d of same month

Jacobus Swartwout, William Denning, at the same place the temperature was 88 above zero

David Hopkins,

Ebenezer Foot, --difference in 22 days 88 degrees.

Lewis Morris,

John Frey, At Boston on the 22d of April at 2 P.M. the tem

Phillip Schuyler. Ebenezer Clark perature was at 83 and next day at the same hour they had a driving snow storm.

1787.

1800. An Earthquake was felt at Limington, Maine, the evening of April 1, immediately succeeding the severe

Ebenezor Russell, Robert Sands, cold at Albany and elsewhere.

William Floyd,

James Gordon When we shall have had time to hear from distant

John Hathorn,

Samuel Haight, places we shall publish the records of March and

Peter Schuyler.

Thomas R. Gould. April.

1788.

1801. COLD

Jacob Swartwout,

De Witt Clinton, At Deerfield, Oneida County, N. Y., the tempera.||

David Hopkins,

Ambrose Spencer, ture was 10 degrees below zero, April 1st, 1847, and

Lewis Morris,

Robert Roseboom, at New Lebanon, Columbia County, N. Y., 11 degrees

Phillip Schuyler. John Sanders. below zero ; same evening a violent shock of earth

1789.

1802. quake was felt at Limington, Maine, to the south-east of the White Mountains.

Samuel Townsend, Benjamin Hunting, April 1, at sunrise, thermometer at Albany at zero. |

|| Peter Van Ness,

James W. Wilkin,' At the same place, April 22, thermometer at 88 above | John Hathorn,

Edward Savage, zero in the shade : change in 22 days in April 889. John Williams.

Lemuel Chipman.

1782.

1799.

No. 358.
IN ASSEMBLY.

April 21, 1847.
(G. 0. No. 367.)
[Brought in by Mr. Develin, on notice-read twice,

and referred to the committee on the judiciary; re-
ported on in favor by Mr. Develin, from a majority
of said committee, and made a special order for the
10th day of May next, at 10 o'clock, A. M.]

AN ACT
In regard to the taxation of personal property, in the

city of New York.
The People of the State of New York, represented
in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows:

Sec. 1. All and every person or persons, firm or firms, permanently doing business in the city and county of New York, whether by agency or other wise, shall be assessed and taxed in the said city and county, for so much property as shall be employed in business in said city and county, in the same manner as residents thereof are assessed and taxed; but for all other personal property owned by them, they

shall be assessed and taxed in the county of which they may be residents.

0 2. If any person shall be assessed, for the purpose of taxation, in any county of this state in which he resides, other than the city and county of New York, for any personal property, for which, or any part of which, he has been assessed and taxed, under this act, and it shall be lawful for such person to show that fact by affidavit, before the assessors of the city or town in which he resides, and is so taxed, and it shall thereupon be the duty of such last mentioned assessors to reduce the amount of personal property for which they have so assessed hiin, by the amount thereof which he has been assessed for, and taxed, under this act.

3. Whenever any person, not a resident of such city and county of New York, but who shall, permanently, carry on any business by agency therein, shall be assessed and taxed therein, for so much property as shall be emploved by him. or on his behalf. in business | therein, it shall be lawful for such person to make the affidavit authorized by section fifteen of article two, title second, chapter thirteenth of first part of the Revised Statutes, before any court or officer authorized to take affidavits, to be read in the supreme court and in the same manner, provided always, that the said person shall show, in such affidavit, sufficient reason why such affidavit cannot be made by him as required by section twenty-five of article two aforesaid, and provided further, that it shall not be lawful for the said person to reduce the amount of his personal property assessed for purposes of taxation, in any county of this state, by reference to or use of any indebtedness, by reference to or use of which, the amount of his personal property, assessed for purposes of taxation, in any other county of this state, may have been reduced, or by reference to or use of indebtedness or property consigned to him to sell, and on which he may have made advances, and such facts shall be stated in such affidavit; nor shall it be lawful for any person or persons assessed under this act, to reduce the amount of the personal property assessed to him or them, by reference to or use of any indebtedness other than such indebtedness as has accrued and arisen in the regular permanent business of such person or persons; and in case any person assessed under this act, shall make the affidavit authorized by section fifteen aforementioned, for the purpose of reducing the amount of personal property assessed to him under this act, each person shall state in such affidavit, besides what is now required to be contained therein, that his just debts, whereby reduction of the amount of personal property assessed under this act, is soughi, accrued in dne course of his regular business, carried on permanently, in the city and county of New York, and not otherwise.

$ 4. Goods, wares or merchandize of any description whatsoever, held on consigoment, or to be sold on commission, and not otherwise, shall not be subject to assessment and taxation, under this act. 05. This act shall take effect immediately.

The above bill should not become a laro.

seventy-nine thousand dollars by tax on the estates The People of the State of New-York represented real and personal of the freeholders and inhabitants || in Senate and Assembly do enact as follows: of and situated within the said city and county to be Sec. 1. The second sub-division of the second seccollected according to law, to be applied towards de tion of title four, of chapter thirteen, the first part of fraying the expenses of Police in said city and county, the Revised Statutes, is hereby amended so as to read and also a further sum of one hundred and seventy as follows: one thousand four hundred and twenty-four dollars The capital stock actually paid in and secured to be by tax on estates real and personal of the freeholders paid in and also the surplus or reserved profits, if any and inhabitants of and situated within that part of the there be, in the possession of the corporation, exceptsaid city and county of New York which is or may ing iherefrom the snms paid for real estate, and the be designated by a resolution or ordinance of the

amount of such capital stock held by the state, and common council of said city of New York, as the

by any incorporated literary or charitable institution. lamp district to be collected according to law and ap

2. If the president or any proper offlcer of any plied towards the expense of lighting such parts of

monied or stock corporation, or banking association the said city last mentioned, and also the further sum

named in any assessment roll shall show to the satisof thirty-one thousand seven hundred and thirty-seven

faction of the board of supervisors at their annual dollars and fifteen cents by tax on the estates real and

ineeting, within two days from the commencement personal of the freeholders and inhabitants of and thereof, ihat such monied or stock corporation or banksituated within said city and county to be collected

ing association has, before the twentieth day of Auaccording to law and applied towards paying the de

gust preceding, lost a portion of its capitol stock, it ficiency in taxation in said city and county for the

shall be the duty of the board of supervisors to reduce year one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.

the assessment of such monied or stock corporation, D The above bill conflicts with section 16 of Art. or banking association, to the amount of its capital 3, and section 13 of Art. 7 of the Constitution.

actually held and possessed on said twentieth day of

August, including its reserved and surplus profits : but INCORPORATED COMPANIES.

in no case shall the assessment of a banking associa

tion be less than the amount of its securities deposited STATE OF New-YORK.

with the comptroller. No. 157.

3. The provisions of this act shall net be so conIN ASSEMBLY.

strued as to exempt from assessment and taxation that

portion of the capital stock of any monied or stock February 24, 1847. corporation or banking association, which has been (G. 0. No. 161.)

secured to be paid in. [Brought in by Mr. Develin, on notice, read twice,

$ 4. Every individual banker transacting business and referred to the committee on bauks and insu.

under the general banking law of this stute, shall be rance companies; reported on in favor by Mr.

assessed and taxed on the full amount of capital emHadley, for said committee and committed to the

ployed in such banking business; and in no case shall committee of the whole.]

the assessment be less than the amount of securities

deposited with the comptroller by such individual AN ACT

banker, nor shall any debts due from him be allowed Relative to expences of Incorporated Companics. as an offset against such assessment. Section 1. It shall be the duty of every incorpora

$ 5. This act shall take effect immediately. ted company of this state to make annually a statement in detail of all disbursements for their current

WHARFAGE TAX. expenses, which statement shall be drawn up in a distinct manner and assessment form, setting forth the

We present the copy of a very important report presalaries paid to each officer ; the rate of wages paid sented in the Chamber of Commerce at their last to operatives, and the gross amount thereof; the com meeting by the Hon. J. P. Phoenix, in relation to a pensation paid for services to any person not regularly attached to the company; the items of such servi

Wharf Tax. This report is brief and argumentative. ces rendered; the fees paid to counsellors and attor

Mr. Phoenix when in Congress rendered great service nies, and all other items which may constitute the in matters pertaining to Commerce. He introduced amount of the expensa account on the books of said

and carried through the inland debenture bill allowing companies. 0 2. The statement provided for in the first section

drawback on goods exported to Canada, &c., and he of this act, shall be exhibited by the president or some commenced measures which resulted in the enactment other officer of the company to every stockholder

of the Warehousing Bill, and had it not been for wherein it may be desired ; and it shall be the especial duty of the president or such other officer of the

severe sickness would have consummated that measCompany as aforesaid, whenever dividends are paid ure. There are few men in our land more active to by the companies, to submit the inspection of the

good measures that pertain to the public interest than statement hereby provided for, to each stockholder when he receives his dividend and it shall also be

Mr. Phoenix, and none who strive barder to obtain a the duty of such companies to furnish annually a particular knowledge of what is for the public good copy of said statement to the comptroller, verified by than this gentleman. The following is the Report to the oath or affirmation of either the president, cashier,

the Chamber of Commerce, which is made the special or some other executive officer of such companies. 3. If any company shall fail to comply with the

order of the day, for their next meeting. provisions of this act, it shall forfeit for each such

REMONSTANCE offence the sum of two hundred and fifty dollars to be

Of the Chamber of Commerce of the City of Newsued for and collected in the name of the comptroller of this State.

York, not only against any charge in the present

mode of collecting wharfage, but against the relinB This bill is of no good whatever.

quishment on the part of the Legislature of its con

trol over the subject. STATE OF New-YORK.

To the Hon. the Legislature of the State of New-
No. 156.

York.
IN ASSEMBLY,

The Chamber of Commerce having noticed the pro

posed application to your Honorable Body on the part February 24th, 1847. of the Common Council (as well as an article in the (G. O. No. 160.

amended charter intended to be again submitted to [Brought in by Mr. Develin, on notice-read twice

the electors of this City) for leave to change the man

ner of collecting and to impose additional charges on and referred to the committee on banks and in su. rance companies ; reported on in favor from said

the lading and landing of produce and other merchancommittee by Mr. Hadley, and committed to the

dize upon the wharves and piers of this city, beg leave committee of the whole.]

respecifully to remonstrate not only against any change

in the present system of charging and collecting wharfAN ACT

age, but against the relinquishment on the part of the To amend Title four, of Chapter thirteen, of the Re- Legislature of its control over this important subject. vised Statutes.

Your Remonstrants believe that the ownership of

JANNUAL TAX BILL..1847.

AN ACT To enable the Supervisors of the City and County of

New-York to raise money by Tax.

The Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen of the city of New-York as the supervisors of the city and county of New-York of whom the Mayor and Recorder shall be one, are hereby empowered as soon as conviently may be after the passage of this act, to order and cause to be raised by tax on the estates real and pergonal of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situate within said city and county and to be collected according to law a sum not exceeding one million and eighty two thousand two hundred dollars to be applied to wards defraying the various contingent expenses legally chargeable to the said city and county, and such expenses as the Mayor, Aldermen and commonalty of the city of New-York may in any manner sustain. or be put to by law, such portion of the contingent expenses of the said city and county of New-York, as relates to repairing, and cleaning streets in that part of the said city lying south of a line running through the centre of thirty-fourth street shall be assessed only on that part of said city lying south of said line: and also a further sum not exceeding four hundred and

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