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sleeping, was torn to pieces, the girls uninjured. A clock within one foot of where Mr.McK. was lying, was shivered to pieces; every pane of glass in the house was broken, and yet none of the family were seriously injured.-Huron (0.) Reporter.
Fall of rain and snow during the month of February.-At Syracuse, 3 feet 2 inches of snow; rain and melted snow, 3 inches and 71-100 of an inch ;Flatbush, 5 inches and 41-100 of an inch of rain ;Saltville, 2 inches and 62-100 of an inch of rain and melted snow. Rain at the New York Hospital in the month of February tour inches and 56-100 of an inch.
REMARKS. FALL OF RAIN IN EIGHT MONTHS. The fall of Rain during eight months, commencing with July 1st and ending with February 28th, has been as follows:
At Saltville, Virginia, 27 inches and 157-100 of an inch fell, of which 14 inches and 204-100 of an inch sell in the night, and 12 inches and 951-100 of an inch fell in the day time.
At Syracuse, New York, 26 inches and 95-100 of an inch ot rain fell.
At Flatbush, Long Island, 31 inches and 14-100 of an inch of rain fell.
Thus we present the records from the south western mountains of Virginia, from the interior near the great Lakes, and from ihe Sea coast. These show a pretty equal distribution of rain during the time mentioned at the three localities.
The two great saline districts, Saltville and Syracuse, from the records of these eight months, are much alike, and so far as the rain is concerned, appear to be alike advantageously situated for the manufacture of salt by solar heat.
Much is said in reference to the change of climate, as it is lermed, the variableness of temperature and frequency and suddenness of changes. These tables show that the three localities named present the same features in this respect—there is need of great and sudden changes in all climates—they give vigor to both body and mind.
A review of all the details of these records rea quire more study and attention than we can at this time bestow, but we intend to make extensive comparisons and full remarks in the succeeding pages of this volume upon the facts stated in the preceding pages.
The records of the state of the atmosphere during earthquake disturbances, and immediately preced. ing, and succeeding, those convulsions, are here slated in so much detail and particularily as to afford the means of accurale comparison.
It will be seen by these records that earthquakes affect the atmosphere to a great distance and over an immense extent of surface, and so strongly have these disturbances been marked upon the air we breathe that the Editor of this paper has on more than thirty different days during the last twelve months published his suggestions of a distant earthquake disturb. ance simultaneously with its occurrence although several thousand miles distant; these notices were published in the Brooklyn Evening Star, a daily paper, and thus made matters of record at the time ihe observation was made, and when compared with accounts from a distance subsequently receivel, afford the most positive and conclusive evidence that is ever attainable in human records of the accuracy of the suggestions, and he correctness of the principles upon which they are founded.
The records and suggestions thus published in the Brooklyn Evening Star will be republished in this volume.
These records present facts of great value, of great practical use-instructive to the mariner, to the agriculturist, and to the man of science.
They have been kept and prepared with great labor and intense application.
The details of disasters, destruction and damage by storms, &c., will be placed in chronological order in the pages immediately succeeding this, and should be read in connection with the preceding tables of temperature, &c.
It is a stalement of facts we here present, and not theory, and whatever opinions may be entertained as to the shape of the paih of a storm upon the ocean, recorded facts show that that theory does not always prove good upon the land. On the land the storm often pencils its own path.
Bark Falmouth, from Havana, Aug. 29th, bound August, 1846.
to Antwerp, with loss of top gallant masts, flying jibDETAILS OF STORMS, DROUGHTS, &c. &c. EARTHQUAKES AND STORMS.
boom, and looking badly, having had heavy gales from The Hannibal (Mo.) Journal says, the corn in that
Sunday, September 6.
the 6th to the 12th, lay too at one time 76 hours ander region has been “ fired" several inches above the
main-top spencer, one pump continually going ; 9th, ground, in consequence of the drought, and that the Earthquake at St. Vincent's, Grenada, and Trinidad. || lat. 35, 30, long. 74, 30, passed brig Augusta of New. season is too far advanced for it to recover. From
The brig Virginia, from Baltimore for Demerara, || York ; 16th at 4 P M. took pilot boat Nettle, Sandy the different parts of this State and Illinois, we learn
went to sea on the 24th August. Her owners re Hook N; by E. 160 miles distant. that the corn crop has been so seriously injured, that
ceived a letter from the captair, written at sea on the Schooner Edward Tillett was blown ashore near the not more than half the usual yield will be realized
23d of September. Lat. 35 51, long. 73 18, schooner Sabine on the 6th. Vessel a total loss, passengers and this year.
had been hove on her beam ends and totally dismast crew saved. The Galena Gazette states that the farmers in jo ed in a hurricane on the 6th. Lat. 29 30, long. 70 16,
Schooner Lone Star, at New-Orleans, from Rio Davis' and neighboring counties are busily engaged also had deck swept of every thing, spare spars, water
Grande, experienced very heavy weather on the 6th, in harvesting their wheat. The yield is very light, casks, &c., and one man washed overboard. On the
had to throw overboard 19 bales of wool. in many cases not justifying the cutting. The crop in 16th, lat. 34 38, long. 73 08, spoke bark Iowa, ThompJo Davises and Stephenson counties will not be half son, of and from Baltimore for Havana, and received
Monday, September 7. an average one. What was not killed by the winter from her a spare spar and saucepan ; when night came
Bark Fairmount, from Salt Key, on the 7th, 21 miles frosts has been badly damaged by the rust. Many lost sight of her, thus preventing the rendering of
south of Cape Henlopen, experienced a violent galo portions of the country in that latitude were visited further assistance. Passed 21st, brig Pelon, of North
from N.E., which continued to rage with but little by frost on the 23d ult. The leaves of the corn had Yarmouth, dismasted and abandoned, kull tight, ap
intermission until the evening of the 11th; were blown quite a yellow tinge. parently in ballast. On the 22d, was boarded from
down to Gulf Stream, carried away foretopsail, foreThe weather has become cooler than it was, but the brig G. W. Knight, of Portland, from New York,
sail, foretopmast staysail and spanker, stove stern boat, the drought continues, and potatoes will again be a in lat 35 34, long. 73 40, who supplied us with a spar,
&c. 121h., lat. 37 30, long. 72 50, fell in with brig short crop. We hear no complaints of any disease topgallant sails, oars, &c. She intended putting into
Josephine, from Philadelphia for Savannah, a total among them in this quarter, but the dry weather has the nearest port-has subsequently been in tow of
wreck, full of water, masts gone by the board, decks stunted their growth-Kingston ( Ca.) Herald, Aug. pilotboat Eclipse, but when within a few miles of Cape
swept, &c., took off captain, crew and passengers, and 11. Henry, had to let her go on account of a gale.
brought them to port. 13th, off the Capes, saw barks The drought is unusually severe in this section of
Thunder, Lightning and Hail.
Nashua and Cumberland, both dismasted, standing for the country, if the small quantity of water in the streams may be taken as an indication.-Rochester Democrat
VIOLENT Storm.-Our village, yesterday afternoon,
the Capes. Several small vessels were also in sight,
minus their full compliment of sails. Passed off the was visited with two showers of rain, accompanied 13th. Philadelphia, August 18.-After two weeks of in
Capes, floating timber, spars, broken topmast, a cawith hail and lightning, more severe than any that
we witnessed in a number of years; and more rain tolerable hot weather we at last have one day that is
boose house, fruit, onions, hogs, &c. really delightful; thanks to a refreshing shower we
fell than any one time since the year 1818. The elec Brig Peconic, 7th, lat. 32 30, long. 73 30, expehad last evening.
tricity played many fantastic tricks with the magnetic rienced a heavy gale of wind from N.E. to s..,
telegraph wire which passes through our village, || during which lost both topmasts, and mastheads with The Crops.—The Centreville (Queen Anne's, Md.)
striking it in a number of places. În one instance, || all the sails, spars and rigging attached, sprung bowTimes of the 8th inst. says:
the lightning followed along the wire, until it came sprit, lost stern boat, stove water casks, head rails, A large portion of Queen Anne's county is suffering
in contact with the glass ball surmounting the post in billet head, and sustained other damage. the present moment from drought. The coru pre
our village, immediately in front of the Troy railroad sents a very languishing appearance generally. In
Brig Emily, from New-York for Charleston, on the office, when it left the wire and descended the post, most light soils it has been so much injured that we
7th, three miles north of Hatteras, experienced a very cutting a furrow in it about a quarter of an inch wide judge that it can never recover-a failure of the crop
severe blow from N.N.E. to all points of the compass, nearly to its base, when coming to a knot, it left the is therefore inevitable. The oats are fine in quality
for the space of five days, during which lost deck load, post, and struck the ground some eight feet distant. though they are said not to yield largely of grain from
stove water casks, stern boat, bulwarks, gangways, In another instance, it followed the wire until it
&c., carried away; also lost and split most of the the straw. came to the glass knob on the post adjoining our office,
sails. Balt. 26.-- The weather to-day was cold and drizzling. when it, or a part of it at least, left the wire, accomPhil. 27.-We have had continuous cloudy weather panied by two reports like that occasioned by the dis
Brig Clement, on the 7th, lat. 36 40, long. 75 20, charge of a pistol, and ascended into the air in two il. and rain for the past 24 hours.
experienced a violent gale from S.E. to N., during HEAVY RAINS AND FRESHETS.-During last week luminated balls. In another case, some quarter of a
which lost deck load, the mainsail, stove booby hatch, mile south of our village, the electricity completely
and received other dainage. several very heavy rains were experienced in Wash
destroyed two of the poles, throwing some of the Brig Sea. from Laguna for New-York, 7th, lat, 34, ington co., Pa., which caused the streams to swell
fragments fifty feet from their foundation. The three long. 73 42, experienced a severe gale, lost main topgreatly, in some places overflowing their banks,
instances of the action of the electricity above given sail, jibs and trysail, stern boat, deck load, bulwarks causing much destruction of property. The bridge
were occasioned by the same shock of lightning. The at Thomas's Mill, in Nottingham township, says the
and did other damage. flanges of the glass balls were slightly broken, but the Washington Reporter, was carried away. Mr. Wil
Brig Fabius on the night of the 7th, lat. 34 30, long. wire was not in the least injured by the destruction liams's mill-dam, a short distance above, was much
74 20, in the Gulf Stream encountered a tremendous of the posts above referred to. Hailstones during the injured. A new, unfinished bridge, near Mr. Moore's
storm were picked up some half mile west of our vilfarm in Cecil township, was carried off, and considerlage half as large as an ordinary sized hen's egg.
Brig Le Gravge was dismasted on the 7th, in a gale able injury was sustained by the bridges on the PittsBallston Daily Telegraph of Monday.
of wind from all points of the compass. She had on burgh turnpike.—Jour. Com. Sept. 3.
board a cargo of bricks, cement and lime. After the
THE WEATHER.-Yesterday was pronounced by DROUGHT IN KENNEBEC.-For some five or six
masts were carried away, the water got into the hold those who keep an accurate account of the weather, weeks past the heavens have been as brass, no rain of
and communicated with the lime and set fire to the || the hottest day in the year, and certainly it was the anv consequence during that time having fallen. In
vessel. The fire was kept under for four days by most uncomfortable. At 6 o'clock A.M. it was two this place many wells and springs are dry, and the
having the hatches, companion way and scuttle con. degrees higher than it had previously attained. At earth is as dry as powder to a foot or more below the
fined. Saturday, 12th, the crew were taken off by midday it was 96 and 97, and 9 last evening it was surface. Grass is parched and dried up, and the cattle
the brig Rowland, of Bath, and carried to Wilmington. 84.-Bost. Trans. Sept. 7. require extra feed in order to make them “ hold their
The crew had neither provisions or water for four days, own." Most of the showers have gone either to the
Extract of a lelter dated
and were unable to save any thing but what they stood North or South of us the weather has been hot, and
in. Shortly after leaving the vessel the flames burst
Galveston, Sept. 7, 1846. the sun has poured down his fiercest rays. If this
forth and she was entirely consumed. drought continues much longer, the shortness of fall
The New-York left this port on the evening of the Bark Isaac Mead, from New York for Savannab, feed will serve to enhance the demand for hay, of which
5th, with a strong head wind, say about east, which encountered the gale on Monday night, September there has been an abundant crop secured. We are
continued to blow up to yesterday. About noon it 7th, off Hatteras, and carried away bowsprit, jib-boom, longing and sighing for rain. O, for refreshing and
veered to north-east, and blew a gale until last night, studdingsail booms, cat head; started false stern and abundant showers upon the thirsty earth.-Hallowell changing about midnight to north, north-west and
lost topsails, jib, flying jib, foresail, staysail, &c. On Cultivator, Sept. 5. west. Our town has suffered as much from the effects
Wednesday night, 9th, Hatteras bearing S.W., distant of the water, as it did in 1842. The tide rose in our In the month of August, 1846, lightning storms were
40 miles, came in contact five times with schooner streets up to Avenue F. It is hard to estimate the
Imperial, from Philadelphia for Charleston, and so seexperienced on twenty-one different days during that amount of damage. The wharves have suffered their month, and Earthquakes on the 4th, 12th, 14th, 220,
vere was the concussion that the captain and crew of the share, at least $12,000; small boats are annibilated, 25th and 27th of the month.
I. abandoned her and took refuge in the bark. Russel and many of the small retailers of the strand have The simultaneous occurrence of a Volcano and a
Brown of New-London, one of the crew of the schoonfound their establishments missing. The captain of the lightuing storm in the Red Sea in Asia with that of
er, had both legs horribly mangled. G. B. Lamar thinks she is damaged to the amount of a terrific Earthquake throughout Tuscany in Europe $1500. The John Barnes has holes chased through
Schooner Gold Hunter, from Tark's Island, on the on the 14th of August is remarkable when we take her that a man could crawl into. A German brig of
7th, 8th and 9th, in the Gulf Stream, experienced three into account that these localities are 2,500 miles apart. 400 tons is in two feet water, by Merritt's press. The
severe gales from N.E., split sails, stove boat, bul. We record the death of nine persons by lightning Tom Jack is sunk, loaded with dry goods; the G. B.
warks, &c. in the month of August, and more than a dozen persons
Jones gone to pieces; the new warehouse recently The schooner Champion, from Philadelphia for were injured by lightning during the same month.
raised, partly blown down.
Boston, with a cargo of coal, went to sea from the
Breakwater; 7th and 8th, wheu off Barnegat, encoun Phillips, of the lost New-York, states that he left tered the gale, which swept deck load, split main sail, Galveston Saturday evening, the 5th inst. for Newcarried away jib-boom, &c. The brig Edward Blake Orleans; and in that night, finding the wind blowing and schooner Genius, which were driven ashore during very hard from the north-east, with a heavy sea runthe late gale on Mispillian Beach, have gone to pieces. ning from the eastward, he got back into eleven fa
thoms of water. On Sunday morning at ten o'clock, Norfolk Herald Office,
the wind having lulled, he weighed anchor and proSept. 15, 2 o'clock, P. M. ceeded on his course. Soon after, the wind increased, THE LATE STORM.-The gale of last week was more and he came to anchor in ten fathoms of water. The terrible and disastrous in its effects on the coast, than wind then commenced blowing a perfect gale, and
held on until Monday morning. He attempted to slip we had any idea of. This will be seen by the follow.
out of the troughs of the sea, and before the wind, ing statement from a gentleman who had melancholy evidence of its violence. A number of vessels in dis when a very heavy sea struck her larboard guard, car
rying it away, and straining the vessel so much as to tress are reported off the capes by pilots who have
cause her to leak considerably. At four o'clock, A. come np ; and upon a representation of the facts to
M., a heavy squall carried away the smoke pipe, lifted
the promenade deck, stove in the larboard guard and
wheel-house, causing the vessel to leak in such a mangineer to be got ready and proceed to their relief.
ner as to extinguish the fires in the furnace, and at Old Point, Sept. 1846.
six o'clock she went down in ten fathoms of water, The undersigned was passenger on board the bark || the wind blowing a perfect hurricane. The captain Isaac Mead, from New-York bound to Savannah, and eighteen of the crew were saved. during the gale which commenced on last Monday
The Monmouth (N. J.) Enquirer has accounts of evening at 8 o'clock, and continued to rage with un
the storm along Monmonth coast last week from as abated violence until Friday at 12 o'clock.
far south as Barnegat Inlet, from which we learn that It is impossible to form any idea or estimate of the
eight to ten vessels have been slipwrecked, and at immense loss of life and property. We hazard little
least sirleen lives lost! The vessels, with perhaps in saying that no vessel out at the time has escaped
one or two exceptions, are or will be totally losi. without serious damage, while many have gone en.
Two or three vessels, we understand, are ashore in tirely to pieces, and hundreds, and perhaps thousands
the inlet. of lives lost. Two long-boats, innumerable pieces of
Philadelphia, Sept. 18.- Arrived brig Harriet, Colship timber, barrels, and other portions of cargo, and
legan, from Havana. Sept. 7, lat. 34 25, long. 75 30, one wreck of a vessel, men geen floating past us at
experienced a hurricane from N.E. to N.W., and veervarious times during the gale; all of which bear testi
ing s.W. to S.E., which carried away both topmasts, mony to the assertion ventured above. The writer
head of foremast, jibboom, fore yard, and every thing has seen 15 or 20 vessels making into port since the
attached thereto ; swept deck of caboose house, stern storm, and not one of them but has sustained heavy loss
boat and long boat, lost best bower anchor and chain, and damage in some part. The “Isaac Mead," Capt.
broke stanchions, &c. Perkins, lost all her sails (which were closely furled) off Cape Hatteras, on Tuesday morning, in eight fa The schooner John James, from Philadelphia, bound thoms water-and at the time when the tempest was to the West Indies, was totally lost on Monday night driving her with terrible speed upon the breakers.
in the gale, together with all her cargo, three miles The wind at this moment changed, and drifted us north of Hatteras, on the beach. I learn that little or away towards the north west. She lost her bowsprit, no damage was done to the shipping at Ocracoke bar. foremast, and suffered considerably in various places The Conductor of the train from Albany states that by coming in contact with the schooner Imperial, there were fine showers yesterday at Greenfield and Capt. Reid, from Philadelphia, bound to Charleston. Springfield. The wind in Boston Bay, at times, on The schooner was run down, but it affords us much Sunday and yesterday, was easterly. Yesterday forepleasure to state that all her crew were saved. noon, the breeze reached the inner harbor, and was
One poor sailor bad buth legs badly broken, and was felt upon some of the wharves, but had not sufficient when we left the vessel this morning, expected to die in force to penetrate into the city. - Boston Daily Adv. a few hours. To prevent any imputations upon officers Sept. 8. of other vessels, we take occasion to say that no human To day at 1 P.M. the mercury in our office stood at skill, or foresight, could have prevented the accident. 88, and in State street 91 degrees.- Boston Trans. The darkness of the night, the violence of the waves Sept. 7. and wind, and the helpless condition of both vessels, prevented any thing like further efforts than were used. Most of the vessels wrecked at Ocracoke, in the All hands were on deck, and every possible means used
storm of 7th, are totally lost. The schooners Charles to arrest the calamity. We learn that the schooner's || Slover and Francis will probably be got off. The cargo was worth about $40,000, and the schooner schooner Patrick Henry has floated off and been about $10,000.
taken into Wallace's Channel, where she is at anchor Capt. Pickens, mates Derrick and Holt, deserve our full of water. The Harbor Island light boat has been lasting gratitude for their great and unparalleled ex
got off, but a little damaged and will be soon at he: ertions during the whole gale. To them the passen
station again. On the 18th, the schooner Raleiah, gers are indebted for their lives. .
Tripp, going over the bar, the wind blowing a gale,
missed stays and went ashore near the Amity shoals; JAMES M. CLARKE.
the crew were taken off in pilot boats, and the schoonP. 8. Since writing the above, I have seen a gentle er it is thought will be got off. man who reports the wreck of the schooner Walter R. Jones, from up James River, for New-York : all on
In the gale of the 7th, when in sight of Smith's board saved, with the exception of the mate, who was
Island, the U. $. brig Washington, Lt. Bache, on a washed overboard before the wreck. Another gen
surveying expedition, was knocked down on her tleman reports four vessels lost, names not known.
beam ends, and dismasted, and her decks swept, lost Pilot-boat Aid, from the Capes, encountered the
poop deck, guns and boats, and had twenty-five men late gale on Monday night off Smith's Island, and on
washed overboard, twelve of whom were drowned. Wednesday in the edge of the gulf, carried away
Capt. W. first saw the brig on the 12th inst., with her mainmast, &c. Saw on Thursday about 130 miles in
colors union down, and ran to her assistance; when the Capes, it bearing W. by N., a ship or bark on her
he was requested to lay up by her, which he did for beam ends. On Saturday a bark standing to the N.
the space of four days, and supplied her with spars, a with bowsprit, foremast, main topmast, bulwarks, &c.
cable and anchor. In the gale of the night of the 15th
inst., both vessels were hove to, and on the next day gone.
Capt. W. lost sight of the brig, twenty miles north of A slip from the Mobile Tribune of 10th inst. gives Cape Hatteras, at which time she was working up for an account of the loss of the steamship New-York on Cape Henry. A bark reported that she stood away the 7th inst., in a severe gale from the north-east. for the south yesterday, but Capt W. does not credit The news was brought to New Orleans by the steam it. The steamship Palinetto, bound for Brazos, with ship Galveston, Capt. Wright. Seventeen persons government stores, supplied the Washington with a were drowned, including twelve passengers and five small boat capable of holding three or four men only. of the crew. The survivors were picked up by the Since the above was in type, the brig J. Patterson Galveston, and taken to New-Orleans. Capt. John D. # has arrived in Hampton Roads, and the captain reports
that among the number of the drowned, was Lt. Bache, commander of the Washington.
Schr. Curlew, from Curacoa, has experienced tremendous heavy weather from the 7th to the 12th of September, between lat. 31 and 36, 30, long. 73, and 73 30; scudding under bare poles for 66 hours, wind veering all round the compass.
Brig Etruria encountered the gale on the 7th, lat. 63, lon. 73 30, and was totally dismasted, besides losing boats, round house, part deckload, &c.
Brig Montillo, from Matanzas for New York, 7th to 10th, experienced severe gales from S.E. to N.E., lay too 60 hours, was knocked down on her beam ends, started the cargo in the hold, which stove most of the riding tier, swept the decks, stove boat, galley, bul. warks, lost the main and try sails, and received other damage.
Severe Squall.-On the 7th inst. we were visited by a very severe squall of wind and rain, accompanied by thunder and lightning. Several vessels dragged their anchors and two went ashore--but were got off next morning without damage. Boats and doreys broke adrift on all sides, and were beached or driven out in the harbor, some of them materially damaged. A large quantity of mahogany, too, got loose, was forced over the bar and carried southerly-some of which has not yet been recovered.-Hon luras Observer, Sept. 12.
WRECK OF THE BARK METEOR OF ALEXANDRIA.
The Meteor, Capt. Janney, sailed from Baltimore for St. Thomas on the 30 September, and was wrecked in the disastrous gale of the 7th and 8th. The only survivors of the crew, John Thompson and William Deany, seamen, arrived at this port yesterday from St. Thomas, in the schooner Zenobia, they having been taken off by the bark Chancellor of New-Haven, and carried to Antigua.
We have been furnished by them with the following account of the loss of that vessel. She passed Cape Henry light at + P. M. on Monday, 7th Sept. 11 P. M., took in topgallantsails and reefed the topsails; 12 midnight, took in fore and main courses, and 8 A. M., 3ih, close reefed the maintopsail and furled the foretopsail; also took in jib and spanker; at 3 A. M., carried away the fence of the maintopsail yard, and in an instant the maintopsail was blown into ribbons, the sea making a clear breach over the bark. About 45 A. M., the vessel capsized ; the cook being in the cabin at the time he was drowned. All hands immediately got on her broadside, and lashed them. selves to the inizzen channel plates. A few minutes after, a heavy sea struck her, and washed the captain, mate and three men overboard, who were lost: two minutes after she was struck by another sea, and the lashing that was round Mr. Glass, the second mate, cut his bowels completely open.
At 5 P. M. the vessel righted, and the foremast, mainmast and mizzenmast all went by the board, bursting in their fall the decks open. All was now lost of the crew save these two men and the wounded mata, Mr. Glass, whom they made fast to the deck, the vessel at the time rolling beam ends under.
After being thus exposed eight days, with nothing but a little molasses to subsist upon, the two seamen were, through the blessings of God, rescued by the bark Chancellor, of New Haven, Captain Samuel Collins, on the 16th Sept., carried to Antigua, and placed in the care of the U. S. consul at that port. Mr. Glass survived his injuries until about half an hour before his companions were rescued.
Brig Joseph in the gale of the 7th and 8th, lost sails, decks swept, &c. Reports having seen on the 9th several vessels more or less damaged, two of them large ships, one totally dismasted, the other apparently a ship of 700 tons, with loss of foremast and topmasts.
Tuesday, September 8. Ocracoke, Sept. 12, 1846.-A severe gale of wind we had on Tuesday the 8th inst--one of the worst we ever had in this part of the world. The following is a list of vessels on shore. Schr. Paragon, of Ocracoke, laden with wheat bound to New-York allin good order, she is high and dry. Schr. Locust, of Plymouth, N. C. laden with corn, bound to Charleston, a total loss. Schr. Patrick Henry, of Plymouth, N.C., laden with lumber, supposed to be a total loss. Schr. E. Townsend from N. Y., from West Indies with salt, sunk. Brig Washington of Newbern, N.C, sunk, lighter taking
the cargo. Schr. Sophia D., bound to Savannah, laden with iron from the wreck. Ship Howard sunk, cargo will be got out as early as possible, and reship if practicable. Schr. Conquest of Plymouth, N. C., laden with corn, total loss --two of the crew also lost. Schr. Frances, of Newbern, N. C. ; she is full of water, loss of deck load ; the rest of the cargo will be saved and re-shiped. Schr. Charles Slaver, ashore, both masts cut away, no water in her hold, cargo of naval stores will be got out and re-shipped. One centre board schroner sunk. Two lighters went to sea, and five a total loss inside. The schooner Emeline was driven to sea with only two men on board. Schr. G. C. Merchant, sunk. Schr. Philadelphia ashore, loaded with clover seed. The Harbor Island lightboat ashore.
The Norfolk Herald of Tuesday, Sept. 8, says: A storm of wind and rain commenced on Tuesday morning at an early hour, continuing during the day and increasing in violence till night, when it began to subside. The tide rose to an uncommon height. The steamers for Baltimore, Richmond and Old Point were detained all day on Tuesday by the storm.
Brig Detroit, from New York bound to Charleston, put into Norfolk in distress, having encountered the gale on Tuesday last off Cape Charles, and lost main topsail and yard, main topgallantmasts, royalmast and sails, fore topmast and sails, jib, foresail, irysail, staysail, and spare topsail, together with all the rigging attached ; lower rigging badly chafed, bulwarks stove, transom started, shivered about the bowsprit, head rigging gone, &c., besides leaking freely. On Friday, 104 A. M., spoke a square rigged vessel, supposed to be a brig, called the Meteor, with two men on the top of the house on deck, it being the only part of the veşsel out of water; kept away for her immediately and ran alongside and hove lines to them which they caught, but were afraid to leap on board, the brig going so fast-hove too and lay by them four hours, but drifting to the E. lost sight of them.
Schooner Lavinia, from Boston, off Cape on Tuesday, lost boat, jib-boom, jibs, split sails, &c.
Bark Nashua, bound to New-Orleana, put back in distress, having encountered a tremendous gale on the 8th, in lat. 36, long. 74, which carried away chaintopmast, topgallant-mast, and mizzen topmast, with all the spars, sails and rigging attached thereto, lost stern boat, swept deck load, &c. Capt. Skaats states that he never experienced a more violent gale on the American coast-the wind at times blowing from every point of the compass, passed after the gale a number of wrecks and dismnasted vessels.
Yesterday afternoon our city partook of a heavy thunder shower, with violent wind. The rain continued into the night, cooling things most agreeably. The hot charm is broken and we shall now enjoy the usual fine cool September weather.- Boston Post, Wednesday, Sept. 9.
Capt. Murch, of the schooner G. W. Davis, at Wilmington, reports having experienced a severe gale off Cape Hatteras, on the 8th, his vessel being thrown on her beam ends, lost bulwarks and most of the deck load; also passed about 30 miles N. of Hatteras, a vessel bottom up, some few spars floating near her.
For the first 25 days after leaving Liverpool, the ship Harkaway experienced heavy westerly gales since which, has had light westerly winds and calms, until Tuesday 8th inst., when off Matchapungo shoal in 18 fathoms water, at 4 P.M., it commenced blowing a tremendous gale from E.N.E., with very thick weather, and a very heavy sea, hove too under a close reefed main-topsail. At 7 do. had drifted into eleven fathoms water, when fortunately the wind backed into the N.W. and the ship drifted to seaward; at 7 30 do., it blowing a hurricane, with a tremendous sea, split the main-topsail, and were compelled to remain all night under a mizen-staysail, the ship laboring very hard ; Wednesday 9th, at 11 A. .M. spoke the pilotboat Dolphin, of Baltimore, Cape Henry W. by N. 70 miles, she lying too under a four-reefed foresail, and making fine weather of it; at noon, set a close-reefed main-topsail, and continued lying too without any decrease of wind or sea until Friday midnight, when the gale abated, and we made sail on the ship. During the gale the wind was from N.W. to E.S.E., and the ship drifted off to long. 72 10. We saw a number of dead sheep, oxen, staves, shingles, spars, &c. drifting about. The ship has sustained some trifling damage in bulwarks, rigging, &c.
Lewis, Del. Sept. 9.-We were visited last evening | spoke brig Circassian, from Charleston, for Proviwith a tremendous gale from N.N.E. which continued dence, with loss of foremast, main top mast, &c. The with but little abatement until nine o'clock this morn J. P. H. has seen a number of vessels with loss of
sails, spars, &c. Brig Midas, on the 8th inst., encountered exceeding Bark Autolean, from New Orleans, for New York, rough weather in the bay, and on reaching Cape on the 8th, when off Barnegat, was drove back by Henry Sunday last, was found leaking so rapidly, that heavy N.E. gales; has fallen in with a number of vesit was almost impossible for the pumps to keep her sels with loss of spars and sails. 12th, lat. 37 20, long. free-the night before she was perfectly tight and 76 15, at 6 A.M., spoke brig Detroit, hence for dry. She immediate y put away for Baltimore, where Charleston, lying too under close reefed main top she arrived this morning, leaking at the rate of four sail, had been dismasted in the gale of the 7th, and teen inches per hour. She will discharge her cargo; was making for Cape Henry, with a lower studensail the leak is supposed to be in her bottom.
bent to the foreyard; he reported that on the day Brig Mary-Ann, from Bath, bound to New Orleans,
previous he fell in with a brig full of water, with two encountered the galo on Tuesday off Smith's Island,
men on board-he ran near them and threw a line, and had her decks swept, galley, &c. washed over
|| there being so heavy a sea they did not succeed in board and carried away fore topgallant and royal masts
getting hold of it; having both boats stove, was unable and sails, jib-boom and sails, and three studding sails
to render any further assistance. from the decks, &c.
Schooner Charlotte, from New York, for Philadel. Also Norwegian brig Washington Croch, from New
phia, encountered the late gale on Tuesday night, the York bound to Rio Janeiro via James River, in dis 3th, off Squam Beach, and had her boat stove, her tress; encountered the late gale on Tuesday off the mainsail split, &c. Capes being about 60 miles distant, and carried away Schooner Native, from New York, for York River, bowsprit, jib-booms, foretopmast, topgallantmasts, &c. on the night of the 8th, off Cape Henlopen. encounterand sprung foremast and lost two jibs and topgallant ed the gale, and carried away jib boom, mainstay, sails.
bob stay, flying jib, sampson post, stove yawl boat, 16th, arrived brig Aldrich, Henlow, from New. &c. Passed, on Wednesday, in the edge of the Gulf, York, encountered the late gale on Tuesday between a full rigged brig with both masts gone. Saw off Hog & Smith's Island, and lost topgallantmast, jib Cape Henry, yesterday, a pilot boat towing into the boom, sails and rigging, head of maintopmast, and be
Capes a dismasted brig. Saw also 4 or 5 square-rigsides leaking freely,
ged vessels dismasted standing in for the Capes. Brig Trojan, Mitchell, from New-York, in distress,
Passed a quantity of spars, several boats, &c., at
MARINE DISASTERS.—The slip St. Mary, which
arrived yesterday from New York, picked up at sea
on the 12th instant, in lat. 35 16, long. 7530, Captain Baltimore, encountered the gale in lat. 36, lost all her
Shanklin and crew of the schooner Mary Anna, of and masts, spars, sails and rigging, boats &c., and had her
for Philadelphia, from Charleston, with a cargo of decks swept of every thing.
lumber, the vessel having been dismasted in a galo Brig L. Baldwin, from Savannah, bound to New
on the 8th instant, off Cape Hatteras, and abandoned. York, Iost during the gale, main yard, main topsail,
Captain Shanklin reports having seen, on the 11th, a topgallant yard, sails, bulwarks, boats, water casks,
New York brig, name unknown, with her masts gone &c., leaking badly, having two feet of water in the
by the deck. On the 12th, spoke the schooner Angehold.
line R. Thompson, which reported having seen the Br. brig Sea on September 8th, experienced a gale day previous a schooner bottom upwards. The St. off Cape Henry, during which lost fore topmast, sails, Mary also brought here John Valentine, one of the &c.; also strained the vessel, causing her to leak. crew of the brig Helen McLeod, Captain Marston,
Brig Orbit, from New-York for Para, from the 8th from Baltimore, bound for this port, with a cargo of to the 16th of September, experienced very heavy
assorted merchandize. He states that she left the gales of wind, and lost sails, spars, &c. On the 10th,
Capes of Virginia on the 7th instant. On the followWilliam T. Knight, of Hudson, N. Y., first officer, fell ing night, in a heavy gale, they lost their sails and from the foretopsail yard, head foremost, on the deck,
sprung a leak. On the 11th the brig was half full of aud expired instantaneously. He was an accomplished
water; at the same time was near to the hull of the seaman and a very worthy man.
schooner Mary Anna, when Valentine jumped over
board and swam to it. On the 12th, the Helen Brig Union, from Havana, on the 8th off Smith's
McLeod, still in company with the Mary Anna, a sail Island, encountered a terrific gale from N.E., during
was seen in the West, towards which the H. McLeod which she shipped a heavy sea that swept deck load,
bore down. Shortly after a violent squall of wind started part of her cargo in the hold, sprung rudder
and rain set in. After the equall cleared away, the head, stove stern post, and received other damage of
Helen McLeod could not be seen, and it is supposed a serious nature.
she went down, with all on board. consisting of Capt. Brig Envoy, from New-York, encountered the gale Mates and crew-eleven in number-four lady cabin of the 8th, lost sails, fore topgallantmast and yard, run passengers, and four persons in the steerage. ning rigging, hull badly strained, leaking, two feet Captain Shanklin thinks it possible they may have water in the hold.
been saved, as there were several sail in sight when Schooner Abel Story, from Providence, on Tuesday the squall commenced, and one or two were still in night off Hog Island, was hove down and shifted bal view when it ceased. last and cargo, and shipped large quantities of water, Norfolk, Sept. 16.-Brig Prince de Joinville, from damaging to some extent the cargo, &c.
Matanzas, bound to New-York, encountered the galo Brig Caucassian encountered the gale on the 8th, on the 8th and 9th inst, and carried away jib-boom, lost deck load, boat, foremast, &c.
from the top-gallant mast, foresail, &c , lost boat from Bark Zalette, on the 8th, lat. 36 40, long. 74 10,
the quarter and sustained other damages, besides
| leaking freely, having at one time 3 feet water in the experienced a heavy gale of wind from S.E. to N.E. during which lost boat and sustained other damage.
hold. On the 11th, the wind N.N.E. stood on shoro
45 miles south of Cape Henry, saw a brig laying at HURRICANE IN THE WEST INDIES.-We learn from
anchor, both masts gone, American Ensign set on Captain Berry, of the bark Burtel, from Point Petre,
the stump of the main-mast, union down, saw men on that on the 8th, that place was visited by a violent hur board, endeavored to succor them, but was unable to ricane which did considerable damage in the interior. A do so as she lay close to the breakers, and the current The shipping in the harbor suffered no material injury. was setting in strong to the shore, 1 mile distant with
Ship St. Louis, from Philadelphia, at N. O. reports, a heavy swell, and both vessels being without a boat. on the 8th, off Hatteras, experienced very heavy On the 12th saw 4 wrecks, a ship or barque and threo weather from S.E.; and the 9th, fell in with a brig brigs at a distance, top-masts of all gone and two of dismasted, bore down to her to render assistance, them under jury masts. At 10 P.Ň. spoke a Newwhich was refused,-could not learn her name. York brig, under jury masts ; could not ascertain her Ship John P. Howard, sailed hence on the 1st
1st name. instant, for New Orleans, returned in distress, having Schooner Nancy WV. Bishop, from Port au Princo, been dismastod on 8th, in a hurricane ; on the 16th, on the 8th and 9th experienced a tremendous galo