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On Charitable and Religious Societies. Mr. Crosby,

Mr. Southard, Mr. S. Moore,

Mr. Benedict. Mr. Orton,

On Agriculture. Mr. Beckwith,

Mr. McGonegal, Mr. Lawrence,

Mr. Temple. Mr. Vanderbilt,

On Expiring Lars. Mr. Weeden,

Mr. Brown, Mr. Crowley,

Mr. Lakin. Mr. Daniels,

On Public Printing. Mr. Orton,

Mr. Howe, Mr. Diven,

Mr. Henderson. Mr. C. J. Green,

On Expenditures in the Executive Department. Mr. Bloss,

Mr. M. Pratt, Mr. Peck,

Mr. Haring. Mr. Gray,

On Expenditures of the Assembly. Mr. Russell,

Mr. Fuller, Mr. McDoual,

Mr. Landon. Mr. Van Valkenburgh,

Joint Library Commiltee. Mr. Sage,

Mr. Allaben, Mr. Sonthard,

Mr. Heaton. Mr. J. Lawrence Smith,

STATE OFFICERS. N. S. Berton, Secretary of State. ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, Deputy Secretary of State. Azariah C. Flagg, Comptroller. Philip PHELP3, Deputy Comptroller. BENJAMIN Exos, Treasurer. John Van BEUREN, Attorney General. Hugh HALSEY, Surveyor General.

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From the County of Putnam. Benjamin B. Benedict.

From the County of Queens. Wessell S. Smith.

From the County of Rensselaer. Amos K. Hadley, Joseph Gregory. David S. McNamara,

From the County of Richmond. George H. Cole.

From the County of Rockland. John A. Haring.

From the County of St. Lawrenee. Bishop Perkins,

Phineas Attwater. Henry Barber,

From the County of Saratoga. Joseph Daniels,

Thomas C. Morgan. From the County of Schenectady. David Caw.

From the County of Schoharie. Thomas Smith,

Elisha Hammond. From the County of Seneca. Ansel Bascom.

From the County of Steuben. William Hunter,

William Diven, Hiram Chapman,

From the County of Suffolk. Henry Landon,

John L. Smith. Froin the County of Sullivan. William B. Wright.

From the County of Tioga. Charles R Barstow.

From the County of Tompkins. Henry W. Sage, Samuel Lawrence.

From the County of Ulster. Jacob H. De Witt, John D. L. Montanye.

From the County of Warren. John Hodgson, 2d.

From the County of Washington. Samuel McDoual, Adolphus F. Hitchcock.

From the County of Wayne. Israel R. Southard, Samuel Moore.

From the County of Westchester. James E. Beers, Ezra Marshall.

From the County of Wyoming. Arden Woodruff.

From the County of Yates. Nehemiah Raplee.'

OFFICERS OF THE ASSEMBLY. Philander B. Prindle, Clerk, Congress Hall. William E, Mills, Deputy Clerk. Carlton. Friend W. Humphrey, do., 203 State Street. Edgar A. Barber, do. Delavan House. Daniel B. Davis, Sergeant, &c. Broadway House. Asa W. Carpenter, Doorkeeper, Franklin House. Dewitt C. Crooker, Assistant do., Carlton House. Robert Grant, do. do., American Hotel. STANDING COMMITTEES

OF THE ASSEMBLY.

Committee on Ways and Means. Mr. Wright,

Mr. Perkins, Mr. T. Smith,

Mr. J. Lawrence Smith. Mr. Blodgett,

On Canals. Mr. Cornwell,

Mr. Hitchcock, Mr. Carpenter,

Mr. Baker. Mr. Sage,

On the Judiciary. Mr. Burnell,

Mr. Develin, Mr. Shumway,

Mr. Fenno, Mr. Pottle,

Mr. Flanders. Mr. Balcolm,

On Railroads. Mr. Leavens,

Mr. Maxwell, Mr. Wenman,

Mr. Hodgson. Mr. Wright,

On Banks and Insurance Companies. Mr. Hadley,

Mr. Maxwell, Mr. Crosby,

Mr. Gallup. Mr. Dewitt,

On Two-third Bills. Mr. Bascom,

Mr. Carpentier, Mr. W. 8. Smith,

Mr. Cole. Mr. Shaw,

On Colleges, Academies and Common Schools. Mr. Burchard,

Mr. Watson, Mr. Woodruff,

Mr. Chapman. Mr. Beers,

On Grievances. Mr. Dean,

Mr. S. J. Davis, Mr. McNamara,

Mr. Hammond. Mr. N. B. Smith,

On Privileges and Elections. Mr. T. Smith,

Mr. Watson, Mr. Upham,

Mr. Raplee. Mr. Woodruff,

On Petitions of Aliens. Mr. Adams,

Mr. Small, Mr. Skeele,

Mr. Alling Mr. Hodgson,

On Erection and Division of Towns and Counties. Mr. Treadwell,

Mr. Chandler, Mr. Bowdish,

Mr. Rutherford. Mr. T. Green,

On Claims. Mr. Beers,

Mr. Marks, Mr. Barstow.

Mr. Soper. Mr. Treadwell.

On Internal Affairs of Towns and Counties. Mr. Curry,

Mr. S. J. Davis, Mr. J. Davis,

Mr. Chandler. Mr. McWhorter,

On Medical Societies and Colleges. Mr. Sill.

Mr. Hunter, Mr. W. H. Pratt, Mr. Davison. Mr. J. B. Smith,

On Incorporation of Cilies aud Villages. Mr. Blodgett,

Mr. Morgan, Mr. Taylor,

Mr. Barber. Mr. Barstow,

On the Manufacture of Salt. Mr. Bell,

Mr. Atwater, Mr. Prindle,

Mr. Garrison. Mr. Keyser,

On Trade and Manufactures. Mr. McFarlan,

Mr. Van Valkenberg, Mr. Butrick,

Mr. Candee. Mr. Upham,

On State Prisons. Mr. Rathbun,

Mr. Hadley, Mr. Gonld.

Mr. Walsh. Mr. McFarlin,

On Engrossed Bills. Mr. Caw,

Mr. Chatfield, Mr. Earl,

Mr. Sickles. Mr. Crocker,

On Militia and Public Defence. Mr. Fullerton,

Mr. Morgan, Mr. Hubbard,

Mr. Bowie. Mr. McDoual,

On Roads and Bridges. Mr. Lee,

Mr. Allaben, Mr. D. Moore,

Mr. Marshall. Mr. Sherman,

On Public Lands. Mr. S. Moore,

Mr. Miller, Mr. Pierce,

Mr. Emmans. Mr. D. L. Montanye,

On Indian Afairs. Mr. Hubbard,

Mr. Tillinghast, Mr. Gregory,

Mr. Stewart. Mr. Boyden,

PREROGATIVE OF MERCY. Governor Young has granted a pardon to the Anti-Renters confined in the State Prison, and they have been set at liberty. The exercise of the pardoning power is vested in the Executive, and he is accountable to a higher power than man for its exercise.

There are none of our species, no not one that can hope for future happiness except by the exercise of the pardoning power by that Being who is the CREATOR and GOVERNOR of the universe, and he who denies it to others has no claim to ask pardon for himself. No doubt, every one of the unfortunate men convicted in Delaware and Columbia Counties regretted the commission of the act for which they respectively suffered, and no doubt will hereafter be careful how they give offence. Many a fond wife, anxious parent and dear brother and sister has been made glad by their release. Governor Young will find a softer pillow, sweeter sleep, and in his feeble state of health an increased consolation in the accomplishment of this work of mercy and of clemency.

LEGISLATIVE POWER. The Senate and Assembly of this State cannot delegate legislative power to any man or body of men except in the single case provided for in section 17 of art. 3 of the Constitution, which authorises the Legislature of the State to delegate local legislative power to Supervisors of Counties.

As well might the Executive Delegate the Pardouing Power, or the power to approve, or veto bills passed by the Legislature.

The absence of any provision in the Constitution to authorise the Senate and Assembly of this State to delegate legislative power to Common Councils of Cities, is clear, and besides this, there is an implied restriction in the provision of section 17 of art. 3, as to Common Councils of Cities, in the reason that that section makes express provision for delegating such power to Boards of County Supervisors.

CITY CHARTER.

proper and necessary laws for the imposi sion after the adoption of this ConstituEXTRAORDINARY PETITION

tion, assessment, and collection of the city tion, shall appoint three commissioners, For unlimited and unrestricted increase of power to

taxes on any property, real and personal, whose duty it shall be to reduce into a be given to the Corporation of the City of Nero-York.

in the city: for the regulation and collec written and systematic code the whole TO THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF tion of the city revenue, and all moneys

body of the law of this State, or so NEW YORK, &c. Respectfully represents—That an act was passed due to the city ; for the care, regulation much and such parts thereof as to the by the Legislature of this Siate, at its last Session, '

improvement and sale of the city proper said commissioners shall seem practicaauthorizing the election of Delegates to meet in Con- i vention at the City Hall, in said City, on the first

ty, real and personal ; for the laying out ble and expedient. And the said comMonday of July last, " for forming a new or revising making, opening, widening, regulating, missioners shall specify such alterations and amending the present Charter of the City of

Hand keeping in repair all streets, roads, and amendments therein as they shall New-York." That said Delegates were duly elected and assembled in Convention on the said first Mon- bridges, ferries, public places and grounds, deem proper, and they shall at all times day of July last, and applied themselves diligently to wharves, docks, piers, slips, sewers, wells, make reports of their proceedings to the the discharge of the important duties devolved upon

Legislature, when called upon to do so; them.

and alleys, and for making the assessThat by reason of the length of time occupied by the Convention in preparing said amendments, the ments therefor; for regulating and col and the Legislature shall pass laws reConvention did not complete this work until on the li

lecting wharfage, dockage, and cranage gulating the tenure of office, the filling evening of Monday the 26th day of October, and only

of vacancies therein, and the compensafrom and upon all waier craft, and all one week before the last annual election at which said amendments were to be voted upon ; that the goods landed; for licensing and regula

tion of the said commissioners ; and resolutions passed by the Convention, directing the

ting all such vehicles, TRADES, ARTS, shall also provide for the publication of mode and manner in which said amendments should be voted on, through inadvertence were never pub OCCUPATIONS, PROFESSIONS, the said code, prior to its being presenlished, and at the time of the election a large number and EMPLOYMENTS as the public ted the Legislature for adoption. of our citizens were unacquainted with the character of said amendments, and the manner of voting on good may require, and for revoking such

Art. 3., Sec. 16. the same, consequently, great misapprehension pre licenses ; for regulating the arriving, No private or local bill, which may be vailed in relation to said amnendments, thereby preventing many of our citizens voting thereon. A small

landing, bonding, and commutation of passed by the Legislature, shall embrace vote was therefore polled upon said amendments, passengers ; and all such other laws for the more than one subject, and that shall be being 13,457 out of a vote cast at said election, amoun

management, good government, and expressed in the title. ting in all to 44,769. Your memorialists believe that a very general sengeneral welfare of said city, as are or

Sec. 17. timent prevails in favor of said amendments, and that may not be prohibited by or inconsistent The Legislature may confer upon the if the same were again submitted to the Electors

with the constitution of the United States, | boards of supervisors of the several they would be adopted by a large vote.

Your Memorialist therefore pray, that your honor or the constitution of this State, or any counties of the State, such further powable body will pass an act submitting said amend law thereof; and to affix penalties to the ers of local legislation and administraments to the Electors of this City, to be voted on at a Special Election, to be held on the first Tuesday of

violation of any city law, but such penal tion, as they shall from time to time February next, and if the same shall be approved of ties shall in no instance exceed imprison prescribe. by a majority of votes then cast, and subsequently

ment in the city prison for sixty days and ratified by the Legislature, that the same shall

. Art 8., Sec. 9. thenceforth be part of the Charter of the City of || a fine of two hundred and pfty dollars. 11 It shall be the duty of the Legislature New-York.

From Page 13.

to provide for the organization of cities Dated New-York, Jan. 2nd, 1847.

"$ 22. All such parts of the charter and incorporated villages, and to restrict BENJ. F. SHERMAN, J. H. M COUN, LEWIS H. SANDFORD,

of the city of New York, and the several A. G. ROGERS,

their power of taxation, assessment, borJAMES W. TITUS, WM. WESTON,

acts of the Legislature amending or in rowing money, contracting debts and R. EMMET, G. DE BEVOISE,

any manner affecting the same, as are P. MILSPAUGH, JAMES S. SANDFORD,

loaning their credit, so as to prevent J. H. GRAHAM,

inconsistent with this act are hereby re abuses in assessments, and in contractREMARKS. pealed, but so much and such parts there

ing debt by such municipal corporations. of as are not inconsistent with this act On pages 595 and 596, ante., is a

Art. 7., Sec. 13. are hereby repealed, but so much and good, very good Charter, drawn by the

Every law which imposes, continues such parts thereof as are not inconsisHon. STEPHEN ALLEN, at his own extent with the provisions of this law, shall

or revives a tax, shall distinctly state the pense—whereas this Convention Charter

tax and the object to which it is to be apnot be construed as repealed, altered, cost the City $15,000, and besides that, modified, or in any form affected there

plied; and it shall not be sufficient to itis worse than useless—it is ruinous.

refer to any other law to fix such tax or by ; but shall continue and remain in Extracts from the amendments of the city charter) full force and virtue.

object. from the official copy published by the city convention.

Art, 12., Sec. 2.
i § 23. Whenever any amendment to
From page 3 to 5.
this charter shall have been passed by a

All county officers whose election or
Sec. 1.
vote of two-thirds of the members elec-

appointment is not provided for, by this “ And continue to exercise and enjoy

Constitution, shall be elected by the ted to each board, it may be submitted all the rights, immunities, powers, privi

electors of the respective counties, or to the electors of the city, and if approleges and franchises heretofore and hithved of by a majority of them at any

appointed by the boards of supervisors, erto belonging to it; and shall have powgeneral or charter election, it shall be

or other county authorities, as the Legiser to make all needful laws, by-laws, and

lature shall direct. All city, town and come a part of the city charter. regulations for the municipal government

The amended Charter is on pages

village officers.” &c. of said city, and for the laying, assess614 to 618, this series. See sec. 15 of

See Constitution, ante. p. 625. ing, and collecting all taxes necessary for || Art. 2, page 616 five first lines of Sec.

The ninth, fifteenth, seventeenth, nineteenth, twenthe payment of the expenses of the city |

ty-sixth, and twenty seventh sections of Art. 2, of the 17, same page.

amendments of the City Charter are highly objectiongovernment.

EXTRACTS FROM THE STATE CONSTITU. able for which sections see ante. pages 615 and 616. From pages 8 and 9.

TION.

There are numerous other sections that are bad, " The common council shall have power,

Art. 1., Sec. 17.

and indeed very bad. The amendments in the whole

are worthess, Mr. Allen's amendments, see ante. and it shall be their duty, to pass all And the Legislature, at its first ses. | pages 595 and 596, are millions of times better.

fessions and Employments ;-to

RINOTS ATATION. TYRAN | REMONSTRANCES AGAINST THE AMEND- || cial printed copy of said amendments published by

MENTS OF THE N. YORK CITY CHARTER. order of the Convention which adopted them, and NY and DESPOTISM. Letter to His Excellency Gov. Young

refer to the very objectionable provisions contained To Owners of Real Estate in the

therein, as underscored. City of New-York, January 25, 1847.

The undersigned refer your Honorable body to the City of New-York; to Merchants To His Excellency John Young,

remonstrances and memorials now in the archives of

Governor of the State of New-York. the Senate, presented in 1841, 1842, 1843 and 1844, in the City of New-York ;-to the Dear sir,—The undersigned have been informed, asking that the Corporation might be restricted from

that a Bill has been passed by the Senate, and sent to the exercise of arbitrary power. These memorials Officers of Incorporated Compa | the Assembly for their concurrence, providing that are very numerously signed and set forth in detail

the amendments to the New York City Charter re many grievances, nies ;-to men of all Trades, Pro

cently adopted by the City Convention, and subse The undersigned refer your Honorable body to quently rejected by the People, shall be again sub section 9 of art. 8, of the Constitution which provides mitted to the same people, at a special election, to be for restrictions upon City Governments. Also to sec

tion 17 of article 3, of the Constitution which proMerchants throughout the State

held for that purpose.

A printed copy of the amendments, published by vides for the delegation of local legislative power to sending Produce to New York, authority of said City Convention, is herewith, and supervisors of Counties and not to Common Councils

the undersigned desire to call your attention to the of Cities, and also to section 16 of article 3, which and to the State Canal Commis provisions of section 1, on pages 3 and 4, as under provides that every Legislative Bill shall set forth in

scored, to that portion of section 11, on pages 8 and its title the subject and the bill shall embrace but sioners, &c. &c.......EXAMINE · 9, underscored ; also to section 22 and 23, on page one subject.

13; and also to the third paragraph on page 83, in the The undersigned call the attention of your Ilonor. THE FOLLOWING

address of the Members of the Convention to the able Body to the provisions in the said amendments People.

which authorises the Common Council to assess taxes AMENDMENTS TO THE NEW-YORK The undersigned refer you to the act entitled “ An || on real and personal estate, to levy a wharf tax on

Act to provide for calling a Convention in relation to goods, to regulate the arrival of passengers, to reguCITY CHARTER.

the Charter of the City of New - York, passed May 9, late trades, profession, occupations and employments

1846," and to section 1 of that act, which provides for and to pass penal laws as contained in section 11 of Tax on Country Produce ; License

a special election on the 1st day of June, 23 days page 8 and 9, as being a violation of section 9 of required for all persons doing busi thereafter, for delegates, as providing a very short article 8, of the constitution. notice for so important a matter.

The undersigned call your attention to section 23, ness; Power to make penal laws The undersigned are informed that but few votes page 13, as containing an unlimited grant of power and enforce them by fine and im were polled at said election.

wholly inconsistent with the principles of a free

The undersigned again call your attention to the government. prisonment, see sec. 11, pg. 614, provision of sec. 22 and 23 of page 13 of the amend. The undersigned call your attention to section 22

of page 13, as at variance with the provisions of the ante. Merchants to make written

inents in connection with the provisions of the New
Constitution.

Constitution, which requires a codification of the lawa statements of their business. See The arbitrary exercise of power by the Corporation of the State.

of the City of New-York has been, and justly com The undersigned express the opinion that the passec. 3, p. 657, ante. 1st column ;

plained of, and that body should be restrained by le sage of the Bill to authorise a resubmission of the Control over all Incorporated Com gislative enactments, as provided in sec. 9, of art, 8, amendments to the people, would be injurious to the of the Constitution.

City. panies doing business in the city

The undersigned express the opinion that the trade They could point out numerous other objections to of New-York. See Sec. 11 of pg.

and commerce of the City of New-York would be in- || the bill, but they deem the present sufficient.

jured by the grant of powers contained in section 11, And your Memorialists &c., 614, ante. Unlimited power of of pages 8 and 9; that a wharf tax on goods, and import || New-York, January 29th, 1847. Taxation, same section; Wharf

tax on passengers, would not only be vexatious, || William B. Crossbr. Peter Lorrillard Jun., but would also be injurious to its trade and com- |

Anson G. Phelps, Howland & Aspinwall, Tax to be collected by the Police. merce, and that an unlimited authority to the Corpo Woolsey A. Woolsey, Stacey B. Collins,

ration to assess taxes will be a dangerous power to E. D. Hurlbut, & Co. c.8. Woodhull, See Report of Committee, p. 620.

confer on that body, and should not be granted. D. H. Robertson, Andrew Foster & Son, Corporation to open streets and

The undersigned refer you to the annual message

Olyphant & Son, Japhet Bishop, of the Mayor of New-York, a printed copy of which is Lawrence & Hicks, Samuel Judd's Sons, make assessments, (See Sec. 11 herewith, and to page 10 of said document, and to Woodhull & Minturn, John Bridge,

that portion of it, which is underscored, in relation to of pg. 614, ante.,) and to possess

James M.Call,

S. T. Jones, & Co. the wharf tax, &c.

Fox & Livingston, Fisher How & Hamilton, all the powers ever heretofore at The undersigned ask that your Excellency will be Thomas Hunt & Co., Benkhard & Hutton,

pleased to transmit this cominunication, with the acSee Sec. 1.

John C. Green.

Josiah L. Hale, any time possessed. companying documents, to the Honorable the House

Walter R. Jones, and others. p. 3 and 4. The whole sovereignty of Assembly, that the Committee to whom the Bill in question has been referred, may have these docu

STATE OF NEW-YORK. of the State over this county to be ments also before them prior to making a report in

No. 63. delegated to the City, to be exer the premises.

IN ASSEMBLY,
With great respect,

Feb. 3d, 1847. cised within its bounds by Sec. 23 Your Excellency's most obedient servants,

(G. O. No. 65.) of page 615.

N. & G. Griswold, Abraham G. Thompson, [Engrossed bill from the Senate-read twice, and re-
Goodhue & Co.,
Grinnels, Minturn & Co.,

ferred to the Committee on the incorporation of cities The following provisions are to

John Haggerty,

Brown, Brothers & Co., and villages; reported on favorably by Mr. Blodgett, Samuel $. Howland, James G. King & Sons,

from said committee, with amendments; which with be found in the amendments propo William Bard,

John J. Palmer,

the bill were ordered printed, and the bill committed

Sturges, Bennet & Co. David Leavitt, sed to the New York City Charter,

to the committee of the whole.]
David Hadden,
A. B. Neilson,

AN ACT for the submission of which, again Anson G. Phelps, Jun., W. E. Dodge,

To amend the amendments to the charter of the city Charles H. Marshall, N. G. Rutgers.

of New-York, adopted by the recent Convention of to the People, a bill is now before

On the 27th of January, His ExCELLENCY THE that city; and to submit the same to the electors the State Legislature, Several gen GOVERNOR sent a Message to the House of Assembly, thereof, for approval or disapproval.

accompanying the above letter and the Documents The People of the State of New-York represented in tlemen who signed in favor of the referred to therein.

Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows : bill for again submitting amend

Section 1. The amendments adopted by the ConTo the Hon. the Legislature of the Stale of New vention for the purpose of forming anew, or revising ments, upon having their attention York.

and amending the present charter of the city of Newcalled to the following provisions,

The undersigned citizens of the City of New York, York, in pursuance of the act of the legislature, entitled

have understood that a bill is pending in your Hon. “ An act to provide for the calling of a convention in contained therein, have remonstra body, which authorises the submission of the annend relation to the charter of the city of New York,"

ments of the New York City Charter again to the ted against it, and asked the Legis

possed May 9, 1846, are hereby amended by inserting,

People, at a Special Election to be held for that pur at the end of section sixteen, of article second thereot, ature to withdraw their names from

pose.

the following proviso : "and provided further, that

The undersigned respectfully remonstrate against their former memorials in favor.

the chief engineer of the fire department, shall be the passage of the said bill, and hereto annex an offi- || nominated to the mayor by the firemen of said

proval."

city, in the manner now prescribed by the ordinances
out after the words heads of departments, “ under

Marine Society, the president and vice-president of the thereof." such regulations as shall be established by order of

New-York Nautical Society, together with six other 0 2. The said amendments, so adopted by said the Common Council," and insert “ at public auction,

persons, of whom three shall be, or shall have been, convention as hereby amended, shall be submitted to by giving at least ten days public notice thereof, in

shipmasters ; which six last mentioned persons, shall the qualified electors of said city to be voted on at a two newspapers published in said city ; and all con

be chosen annually, by the first named 'six ex-officio special election to be held therein, on the second tracts shall be given to the lowest bidder or bidders,

trustees. Tuesday of Feb. next; and all laws now in force in who shall furnish ample security for the performance

Ø 3. The trustees so appointed and chosen, shall reference to the notification, time and manner of holdof the same, to be approved of by the Mayor of said

render their services gratuitously ; and shall, on the ing and conducting elections in said city; and the city.

first Tuesday in June in every year, choose a presiduties of all officers, and the estimate, canvass, and

dent, secretary, physician, assistant physician, superreturn of votes, shall apply as far as practicable to said

Eighth Amendment.

intendent and chaplain. special election; and ihe expense ihereof, shall be Also in the same article, strike out the “ twenty 0 4. The president of the said board of trustees, borne and paid out of the treasury of the city of New: gixth" section.

shall be elected from the board of trustees, shall not York.

Ninth Amendment.

receive any salary as president. Ø 3. At such election, the ballots to be used thereat

Ø 5. No trustee shall be eligible to the office of

Also in the third article, section first, strike out the shall be printed or written, or partly printed, and words “ Common Council," and insert “ Legislature."

secretary, physician, assistant physician, or superinpartly written ; and each ballot shall be endorsed

tendent. a City Charter," and shall contain on the inside

Tenth Amendment.

Ø 6. The board of trustees shall appoint nurses thereof, the word “ yes,” or “no ;' and if a majority Also in the same article, section four, strike out the and attendants to the hospital or retreat; and shall fix of the votes cast at such election, shall have thereon words“ Cornmon Council," and insert legislature.

the amount of compensation to be paid them, and the word “yes," the said amendments, as hereby

Eleventh Amendment.

pay the same out of the fund collected from the tax amended, shall be deemed to have been approved by

upon seamen aforesaid. They shall also, annually fix said electors; and if a majority of the votes cast at

Also in the same article, section four, strike out the

the amount of salary or compensation to be paid to such election shall have thereon the word “ no," said word “ appointinent,” and insert “ election."

physician, assistant physician, superintendent, and amendments as hereby amended, shall be deemed to

Trelsth Amendment.

secretary, which shall be paid out of the fund aforehave been rejected by such electors. And if said Also in the same article, section ten, strike out the said. They shall also make such rules and regulaamendments as hereby amended, shall be adopted by words in addition to the salary herein provided," tions, for the government of said hospital and retreat, a majority of the votes cast on the question, the same and in the second section of the act liereby amen as may, from time to time, be necessary or expeshall be forthwith submitted to the Legislature, at its ded, strike out the following : “ a special election to dient. present session.

be held therein, on the second Tuesday of February 0 7. The trustees shall pay to the health commisØ 4. This act shall take effect immediately.

next," and insert the following : "the Charter Elec sioner, for the support of all sick and disabled seamen, Offered by Mr. Blodgett.

tion in said City on the second Tuesday of April who may be detained in quarantine, during the time AMENDMENTS.

next ; also strike out the word “special," where it that they are detained in quarantine as aforesaid, and

occurs the second time in said section, and insert the shall remain at the marine hospital ; at the rate of Made by the Committee on the incorporation of word “ charter."

twenty-five cents a day, for each seaman so detained. cities and villages, to the engrossed bill from the

8. No part of the funds or moneys arising from Senate, entitled • An act to amend the amendments

the tax on seamen, or which shall be collected by the to the charter of the city of New York, adopted by

NO. 42.

said board of trustees, by virtue of this act, shall be the recent convention of that City, and to submit the

IN SENATE,

paid or appropriated to the support, maintenance or same to the electors thereof, for approval or disap

relief, of any sick or disabled seaman, or other person. FEBRUARY 3, 1847.

for any time during which he or they shall not be an First Amendment.

inmate of said hospital or retreat, excepting in the At the end of section first of this act, insert the

(G. 0. No. 45.)

case provided for by the foregoing section. following: [Reported by Mr. CLARK, from the committee on

Ø 9. The necessary expenditures of the said board Also in the first section of article first of said charitable and religious societies-read twice, and

of trustees, including office rent, fuel and stationery, amended charter, strike out the word " laying," also,

committed te the committee of the whole.]

shall be paid out of the money collected from the in the same article, section eleven, after the word duty,

said tax on seamen. AN ACT

Ø 10. All former acts, and sections of acts, inconinsert“ with the consent of the legislature." Also in the same article and section, strike out the word

In relation to the Seamen's Fund and Retreat in the sistent with the provisions of this act, rre hereby “ imposition." Also in the same article and section, city of New-York, and to reduce and equalize the repealed. after the word thereof, insert " and the said assess tax on Seamen.

11. This act shall take effect immediately. ments to be made by a jury of five men, to be drawn

Note.—Section 2 should be amended by striking for in the same manner that jurors are drawn for in The People of the State of New-York, represented | out the words in Italic, and inserting the words the the Court of Common Pleas."

in Senate and Assembly do enact as follows :

President and Vice-President of the Seamens Savings Second Amendment.

Section 1. From and after the passage of this act, the president of the board of trustees of the Seamen's

Bank and the President and the Vice-President of the Also in the same article and section, strike out the

Fund and Retreat in the city of New York, shall words“ for regulating and collecting wharfage,

Seamen's Friend Society. demand and receive, and in case of neglect or refusal dockage and craneage from and upon all water craft

to pay, shall sue for and recover in the name of the and all goods landed.”.

SEAMAN'S BANK OF SAVINGS. people of this State, the following sums from the Third Amendment. master of every vessel that shall arrive at the port of

BENJAMIN STRONG, President, William NELSON, Also in the same article and section, insert the word New-York, namely:

Secretary, Joseph W. Alsop, Jr., Treasurer. Inter“ not,” after the word “ are," and before the word From the master of every vessel from a port in the

est payable first of January and July. Open daily “ or."

East Indies or the Pacific, for himself, two dollars; for
Fourth Amendment,
each mate, sailor or mariner, one dollar and fifty

from 11 to 2 P. M.
cents.
Also in the same article, strike out the eighteenth

Office No. 82 Wall Street.

For each master, mate or mariner of every vessel section. Also in the same article, strike out the

from Africa, or from any port in South America south twenty-third section.

AMERICAN SEAMAN'S FRIEND SOCIETY.
of the equator, eighty-seven and a half cents.
Fifth Amendment.
From each master, mate or mariner of every vessel

Edward RICHARDSON, President, John SPAULDING Also in the second article and section nine, strike arriving from any port in Europe. sixty cents.

and T. Hale, Secretaries. C. N. TALBOT, Treasurer. out the following, “ and the City Surveyor, and As From every master, mate and marine: of every Office No. 82 Wall Street. sistant City Surveyor, together with the Street Com vessel arriving from South America north of the missioner, or Assistant Street Commissioner, shall be equator, from the West Indies, and coastwise beyond

FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. the Commissioners for making all estimates and St. Mary's river, thirty-seven and a half cents. assessments for opening, widening, grading and alter From every master, mate and mariner of every STOCK OF Fire INSURANCE COMPANIES should be ing all avenues and streets, also in the same article vessel arriving from any port in the British Provinces, exempt from Taxation. In the City of New York, and section, after the word “and," and before the fifty cents. word “ shall," insert the word “they."

thirty millions of property has been destroyed by fire, From every master, mate and mariner of every

within twelve years, and the Capitals of Fire Insurance vessel sailing under a coasting license, arriving from Sixth Amendment.

any port south of Hatteras and north of St. Mary's Also in the same article, and section fifteen, after

Companies are inadequate to afford protection, and river, twenty cents per month. the word City in the first line of said section, insert

which three Companies had obtained charters, viz: the

From all other vessels, twenty cents per month. “ with the consent of the legislature." Also in the

ý 2. From and after the passage of this act, the

Merchants', Manhattan and Guardian, but so unprosame article, and section nineteen, at the end of the

trustees of the Seaman's Fund, and Retreat, in the ductive and precarious bas this kind of Stock been first sentence after the word “thereof,”'insert“ unless

city of New York, shall consist of the following perappealed from, to the board of supervisors of said

for years past, that Capitalists will not invest, and only sons, residing in the counties of New York, Kings or City." Richmond, to wit : the Mayor of the city and county

a few public spirited citizens among the great number Seventh Amendment.

of New-York, the health officer of the port of New came forward to subscribe, as a matter of public Also in the same article, section twenty two, strike | York, the president and first vice-president of the I concern.

EARTHQUAKE OF AUGUST 25, 1846.

From my encampment on the summit of Killing. noted the observations for still shorter periods. My A few minutes before 5 o'clock, on the morning

ton Peak I could see the track of Connecticut river || place of observation is peculiarly located, being on of the 25th of August, 1846, the shock of an Earth

on the East, and that of Lake of Champlain on the the Heights at the South Western extremity of Long quake was felt in several sea coast and river towns in

West, and by the vapor arising from their respective Island, which is a body of land surrounded by saltMaine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and in seve

waters, which were visisible about sun rise, I could water, but on its northern side the continent is not ral river towns in Vermont.

follow those bodies of water in the field of vision. A | far distant, and on its southern side is the broad atlanI commence with the most distant locality in the lightning cloud coming from the South West would, on tic, and the nearest land the West India Islands. North East which I have accounts from and from

reaching these respective bodies of vapor, commingle This Island is 140 miles in length with an average

with it, and instantly an electric discharge would be thence follow the paths of the Earthquake, South

breadth of about 16 miles it extends in a direction West.

produced and break forth in a thunder crash. We from South West to North East, and therefore is in Gardner, Maine, on the West side of the Kenebeck

have, I think, an illastration of this at New Haven, | the great electric current being a great terrestreal

Connecticut, in the thunder storms of the 23rd of and at the mouth of the Cobbeseconte river where

needle with my place observation one of its poles. there is a fall was the first point shaken ; next, Port

August, and 2nd of September, 1845, which, on || At my place of observation are two large Magneland, on Casco Bay which connects with ponds in the

reaching that locallity, came in contact with the vapor || tic, Meteoric and Electric Wires, which rise high in

of three different rivers, which enter New Haven! interior by a canal.

the atmosphere, and terminate in water under the surPortsmouth, N. H., in the Piscataqua River, three

harbor, and the consequence was that the lightning face of the ground, which reposes in the earth. One

struck several houses. The same result was seen at || of these points to the North East, and the other to the miles from the great bay, was shaken. Deerfield, N. H., on Lamprey River, which river connects with Rindge, in New Hampshire, on the 30th of July, of South West. That pointing to the North East has a tide water at Durham, two miles from the great bay

the present year. Here the waters of the tributaries tin tube 12 feet long placed on the top of it—a copper

of the Merrimack and Connecticut unite their vapors. | was also shaken.

wire extends through this tube and projects above it, My correspondent, Hon. Josiah BUTLER, of Deer I have noticed the same results in the marks upon and connects the iron with the tin tube and both with field, in a letter written the 26th, next day after this trees struck by lightning on dividing ridges where the the iron wire. The tin tube and iron wire are both shock, says :-“ The most severe of these appeared water runs in opposite directions.

connected by metalic fastenings with the interior pores something like the Earthquake which was felt yester

The morning of August 25, at the time of this earth of a living cherry tree, and thus again connect with day, the 25th instant, at 5, A. M., in this State, and as quake was felt in New England. I was engaged in the earth by its roots, and with the air by its branches, I learn, in some, it not all parts of Massachusetts,

making meteorological records and writing at my &c. This wire extends vertically, about 25 feet from striking the Easterly end of the house, and passing off

table--the wind was blowing, and the air tolerably | which it inclines to the horizontal, and again becomes from North East to South West. The earth and

clear, but no agitation of the ground, as such a distur- vertical. The wire pointing to the South West is buildings were shaken more last November than by

bance would have been readily felt by me while || vertical for four feet, and then extends nearly in a

writing. The state of the temperature on Brooklyn || horizontal line 20 feet, and again becomes nearly verthe Earthquake yesterday." Newburyport, Massachusetts, situate on the Merimac

nac | Heights, from the 24th to the 28th, inclusive, was as || tical for 20 feet, then inclining a little for 16 feet, and River, three miles from the sea, felt the shock for follows:

from that becomes vertical 6 feet, capped with tin

24th-To 6 A. M., 67° ; 7, 68 ; 8, 71 ; 9, 73 ; 10 some seconds, from this it passed up the Merimac

inside of which is copper wire. From the centre of and all its branches and on the dividing land where

to 11, 71 ; 12, 73; 1, 2, 3 and 4, 75 ; vibrating half the two iron wires which are in. in diameter, extend the tributaries of the Connecticut and Merimac mingle

a degree at 5, 74; 6, 71; 7, 70; 8, 69 ; 9, 68 ; two lesser iron wires which unite at a distance of 20

10, 66. in their ascending vapours it passed to and down the

feet and support a pendulum of iron to which is ap

25th. -4 to 6 A. M., 64; 7, 66 ; 8, 67 ; 9 to 10,70; i pended by iron wires a large load-stone from tributaries of the Connecticut and on reaching that

the river which discharges its waters into the same 11, 12 and 1,72 ; 2,71; 3 and 4,70; 5 and 6, 68; 7, 1 Magnetic Cove in Arkansas, and this load stone is atocean from whence it started became extinguished, 66.1; 8, 65; 9, 641.

tached to a spirit guage graduated to Farenheit's having traversed the electric circle. It also passed

26th.-4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, 58 ; 9, 59; 10, 60 ; 11, || scale, which marks the equilibriums and the changes from the tributaries of the Merimac to the tributaries 59 ; 12, 62 ; 1, 64 ; 2, 3, and 4, 65; 5, 66 ; 6, 65; 7, 1 —three feet from this and at the same altitude, and of the Blackstone, and on reaching the Blackstone

65 ; 8, 64; 9,63 ; 10, 62.1; 11, 62). Equilibrium. with the same exposure, hangs a common thermomewhich also empties into the same ocean from whence

27th.--4 A. M., to 6 A. M., 621; 7, 65 ; 8, 654 ; || ter which marks by the same scale of Farenheit, the it started, it became extinct, unless we allow that the

9, and 10, 67 ; 11, 67 ; 12, 70; 1,731; 1 30,74; 2, || temperature of the atmosphere. These wires have thunder and lightning storm which retraced the same

and 3, 75.3; 4, 75 ; 5, 74; 6, 724; 7, 71 ; 8, 69 ; || been thoroughly tested, and have been found to indi. path next day, was its rebound. 9, 69.

cate most accurately terestial and aerial disturbances, I will name the localities it visited on the Merimac 28th.—4, 5, 6, and 7, 690. Equilibrium.

when neither the state of the barometer or ther and its tributaries. First, Concord, Massachusetts, Rain commenced falling freely on Brooklyn Heights mometer indicated any change. The wires very and Westboro, Massachusetts, both on Concord River, at 15 minutes past 8, A. M. on the 25th, and from 9 frequently differ greatly from the thermometer in a tributary of the Merimac and on its South side ; next to 11, A. M., on the 26th.

marking the extent of a change. Concord, N. H., on the Merimac, thence up the Pim Wednesday August 26, a lightning storm passed I was led to make and record my observations megewasset, a tributary of the Merimac on the North

over Westboro, Natick, Milton, Boston, Salem and hourly, and during the existence of thunder storms side to Plymouth, N. H., from thence to and up the

Beverly, Massachusetts from S. W. to N. E. At still more frequently, by noticing in April 1845, that Winnepisogee river, a tributary of the Pimmegewasset

Beverly the Magnetic Wires were struck and near the earthquakes experienced at the City of Mexico to Winnepisogee Lake and through that lake to Centre

20 of the posts destroyed. At Natick, a barn was produced snow squalls, in one of which the Steamer Harbor, N. H. From the Merimac it passed up

struck by lightning and consumed. At Milton the ! Swallow was lost upon a rock at Athens, on the another tributary on the South side, called the Coon.

hail done much damage. At Salem two dwellings | Hudson ; next a convulsion on the northern shore of stocook, to Rindge, where a small ridge divides it

were struck by lightning, and at Beverly a Church Lake Ontario, between Port Hope and Colborne, on from the head waters of Millers' River through the edifice was struck by lightning and several of the the 20th of September, 1845, which produced a storm union of the vapor of these two streams commingling, congregation prostrated. Those towns were visited li of lightning, thunder, hail, rain and wind, that crossed it had a conductor down Millars River to Gardner,

by the Earthquake the day previous. What fearful | the wilderness from Lake Ontario to Lake ChamAthol and Orange, Massachusetts, to the Connecticut

visitations. Westboro is on Concord River, a tribu- li plain mowing down the forests as a mower with his

tary of the Merimac, Natick on Charles River, Milton i scythe levels the tender grass, and the next was a River, at Montagu. Another branch of the shock

on Neponset River, Boston on Massachusetts Bay and passed from a tributary of the Merimac to the Ashue

sudden fall of three degrees of temperature, on the fot, and gave a shock to the town of Keene, N. H., Charles River, Salem and Beverly on North River and 23rd of December at hall-past 9 P. M., during a beauwhich is situate upon that stream-from thence it pro

the sea.

tiful moon light night, followed by an equilibrium of ceeded to Brattelboro, Vt., situate on Connecticut

Three days previous to this Earthquake an Earth- temperature of 11 hours duration, which ended in a river near the mouth of the Ashuelot, and from thence quake was experienced in Iceland, attended by a snow storm, and which in a few days was found to up the Connecticut to Bellows Falls where it gave a

volcanic discharge from Mount Heckla to an immense have been produced by an Earthquake at Memphis, shock, here a cataract makes much vapor.

height in the atmosphere, and two days after viz., on in Tennessee occurring simultaneously. It also passed down the Connecticut or intersected

the 27th an Earthquake was felt throughout Tuscanyl One of the editors of the Journal of Commerce, in it through other tributaries. Greenfield, Amherst |

in Europe, and eight days after the Gunong Mareppa a note appended to my publised statement of the and Whately on the Connecticut were also shaken. in the Island of Java, was convulsed, and the top of connection between the instant fall of three degrees and Buckland on Deerfield River, a tributary of the that mountain was red hot. On the 6th four days

of temperature, followed by a 11 hour equilibrium, Connecticut, and finished at Springfield on the Con. after, St. Vincent in the West Indies, was shaken by

ending in a snow storm on Brooklyn Heighths with

an Earthquake, on the 10th Trinidad was visited by necticut, the most South Western point of its track.

the earthquake at Memphis, remarked as follows: a similar convulsion, and on the 15th Cape Haytian, On the sea coast, 8. W. of Newbury port it visited

« It is very unsafe to rely upon a mere coincidence of Ipswich, and passed up Ipswich River to Wilmington, St. Domingo, was shaken for some minutes by a suc- i time, as showing any connection between events ocwhere it gave a shock.

cession of shocks of Earthquakes.

curing at far distant places, and so far as we know Next, it visited Danvers and Salem on North River That some general disturbing cause either from

have no natural connection with each other."-Ed. and the sea ; next Lynn which is our Saugus River and the exterior or the interior produced the numerous

Journal of Com. the sea, thence it passed to Boston, which is on the local agitations seem so plain, that I should not feel

Professor Olmsted of Yale College, in a letter to Massachusetts Bay and Charles River ; to Charles warranted in discussing the matter as to local origin.

me, dated June 22d, 1846, says: “Your views of a town, Cambridge, Roxbury, Newton and Dedham,

EARTHQUAKES.

connection between earthquakes and a certain state also upon Charles River, to Braintree on the Mani The extensive and extended convulsion of the at- || | of equilibrium of the atmosphere at different and quot a short river which empties into the sea, and last mosphere and earth for the last eighteen months, is distant places, are novel and ingenious, but I am apt on the South visited Worcester, Massachusetts, which a matter of vast importance. Thousands on thou to think that very extensive indications of facts are to is on the Blackstone, which discharges its waters into sands of our race have perished amidst these convul- 1 be made before apparent coincidences of this kind Naraganset Bay, here mingling with, or returning to sions. I have endeavored to keep a very acurate re- can be fully depended on, that is before they can safely the same ocean from which it came.

cord of observations made hourly, and oftentimes be adopted as established principles.”

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