Gambar halaman

Weinesday, Nov. 4th, 6, A. M., 604. Rain has || 10, 564; 11, 58}; 12, 60; 1,59; 2,576; 3, 57; 4,58; || Nortb of ihal point. This morning, before sunrise, been falling since the evening of the 31st., with 5, 56; 6, 54: 7, 54: 8, 54. 9, 55; 10, 55.

there were mountain-clouds in the East, West, North intermissions, up to this morning, and with a

and South." Thursday, 1211, 5, A. M., 52; 6, 52; 7,52, 8,53;

The Montreal Transcript of October 31, copies prospect of continuance. The Equilibrium state 9, 55 ; 10, 55; 11, 55; 12, 545; 1, 55; 2, 54 1-2; 3,

from the Quebec Mercury as follows:-" Tue Seaof the almosphere, it will be seen by the above re 53, 4, 54; 5, 54; 6,54; 7,53 1-2; 8, 53 1-2; 9.53. son has also become threatening: since the 234 inst. cord, has been very extensive, and strongly marked. Friday, 131h, 6, 51; 7,51, 8, 50; 9, 50; 10, 51; the country has been covered with snow which has During that of the 31st October, and Ist of Novem

continued to fall more or less every day since, with 11, 52, 1,51; 2, 51; 3, 52; 4, 42; 5, 51; 6,50 1 2,

the thermometer several degrees below freezing ber, the temperature of the Earth, the Water, and 7, 50; 8, 50; 9, 50. Equilibrium.

The calile now subsist on fodder, and ploughing has the atmusphere, were equal, and at 49 1-2, during Saturday, 141b, 6, 50; 7, 50; 8,50. End of Equi ceased. Should the present state of the weather con. part of which time the smallest of my meteoric librium, 9, 52; 10, 53; 11, 54; 12, 54 1-2; 1, 55; 2. tinue, there will be the loss of about three week's

food for cattle ibroughout the country, a diminution 55; 3, 55; 4, 54; 5, 53; 6, 53; 7, 51; 8, 52 1-2; 9, wires in the apparatus connecting the Earth, the Air,

of the produce of the dairy, the loss of many days of and the Water, and connecting the lin, the cop 53; 10, 53: 11, 43.

fall ploughing, and an increased consumption of per, the iron and the zinc, all presenting a line Sunday, 15th, 6, 52 1-2; 7, 52 1-2; 8, 52 1-2; 9, fuel, besides ihe partial interruption of lown outof iwo hundred lineal feet, carried the water upon 52 1-2. Vibration half of one degree from Equilibrium.

door work, and the danger of numerous vessels not

being loaded in time to get a way, or being forced to 10, 53; 11, 53 1-2; 12, 53; 1, 53; 2, 54; 3, 55; 4, their surfaces from the great loadstone balance with

sail at too late a period. We still hope that we shall an evenness that was wonderful indeed. 51; 5, 53; 6, 53; 7, 51; 8, 52 1-2; 9, 53; 10, 53;

have a favorable change, as the first snows rarely I received Mr. Cunkey's elaborate record of his 11, 43.

Jie on the ground. The whole season has, however, meteorlogical observations made at the State Salines Monday, 16th, 6 A. M., 520 ; 7, 52; 8, 52; 9, vi been extraordinary." for October, yesterday, at the foot of which he ap bration of one degree from Equilibrium, 53 ; 10, 53,

The Record at Flaibusb shows an Equilibrium

state of the alinosphere on the night of the 23d of Ocpends a note in the words following: 11, 55; 12, 55 1-2; 1, 56 1-2; 2, 55 1-2, 3, 54; 4, 53;

tober, at Morris's, in Wall street, New York, a vi. “You will observe by examining this record, that 5, 54; 6, 53; 7, 52; 8, 52; 9, 53; 10, 53.

brasion of one degree. At Syracuse, by Mr. Conan Equilibrium commenced October 31, as follows: Tuesday, 17th, 6 A. M., 51; 7,52; 8, 53; 9,54; 10,

key's record, the vibration was two degrees during 1 P. M., temperature 450 ; 3, 45; 9, 45. Nov. 1, 30 54 1-2; 11; 55 1-2; 12, 57; 1, 58; 2, 60; 3, 60; 4, 58;

the night of the 23d of October, and a light fleecy

snow fell there al 2 o'clock, P. M., on the 23d. At minutes to 1 A.M., 45. Suorise, 42; 7 A. M., 42; 5, 57; 6, 54 ; 7, 53; 8, 52; 9, 50; 10, 48 1-2; 11, sunrise the lemperature was 22°, and next morning 8, 42; 9, 42; 10, 413; 11, 43; 12, 43; 1, 43; 2, 421; 48 1-2.

sunrise 41o. At 3, P. M., 230, 36o. At Brook. 3, 43; 4, 43; 5, 43; 6, 44. Rain commenced falling

Wednesday, 18th, 6 A. M., 49. Vibration of half lyn, at sunrise of 231, 33°, and ai 3, P. M., 45° .

These records accord most wonderlully. The 30 minutes pasi 1, A. M., and at sunrise had fallen a degree from an Equilibrium.

phenomenon inay be classed among those conval. 33-100 of an inch; it commenced again at 9, A. M. Auroreal lights illuminated the northern section

sions which have been so frequent in our aimosand rained steadily all day." By Dr. Strong's re of the almosphere on Saturday evening, Nov. 14, phere the present year, although differing in many cord at Flatbush, L. I., it appears that an Equilibri and also on Monday evening, Nov. 16.

respects from all of them.

E. MERIAM. um existed there at 6, P. M., of Oct. 31, and was On the evening of the 11th, there was a rise in still running on the morning of Nov. Ist. By Mor temperature after sunset, also on the 13th, 14th, and

Fall Of Rain.-At Syracuse, Onondago Counris' Register, in Wall street, New York, an Equilib 16th. The highest temperature during the week

ty, New York, the rain guage kept by Mr. Conkey, rium was running at 6, P. M., of the 31st of Oct., ending this morning was 600, and the lowest 500.

marked the tail of rain at that locality at five inches and was running until past noon of the first of No.

and seventy-five hundredihs of an inch, during the

E. MERIAM. vember. The temperature at Flatbush, was at 500

month of September:-Thus, while rain was falling -at Morris', 520-on Brooklyn Heights, 4910-at Atmospheric Phenomenon. freely at that locality, other places fariber nortii, as Syracuse, 450. All local as to different tempera

well as places fariher south, were suffering greatly

A correspondent of the Florida Sentinel, states tures, but general as to fixedness of temperature.

from drought. Mr. Conkey's record for October, that on the 23d ult., about mid-day, a strange rumWednesday, November 4, 7 A. M., 62 1-20; 8, 63;

shows a fall of rain at Syracuse of three inches and bling noise was heard at Tallahassee, in the hea9, 65; 10, 64; 12, 61 1-2; 1, 60; 2, 59 1-2; 3, 58; 4, 60,

ninety-five hundredths of an inch during that month. vens, resembling distant tbunder or the rolling of

The record kept by Dr. Strong, at the Erasmus Hall 5, 58 1-2; 6, 55; 7, 54 1.2; 8, 54; 9, 53 1-2; 10, 53. cars on a railroad, or more nearly, the discharge of

Academy, Flatbush, Long Island, shows a fall of Thursday, November 5, 6 A. M., 50; 7, 52; 8, 54; steam under water. The air was pertectly calm,

rain during the whole month of September of but 9, 55; 10, 55; 11, 59; 12, 60; 1, 60; 2, 62; 3, 61; 4, the sky cloudless, though the atmosphere was filled,

nine-hundredths part of one inch, and during the 60; 5, 59; 6, 57; 7, 56; 8, 55; 9, 54; 10, 54. as common at this season, with a dull, misty haze

month of October of but one inch and seventy-two Friday, November 6, 6 A. M., 54; 7, 54; 8, 51; thermometer about 70 or 800. It appeared very dis

hundredths of an inch. On Sunday, November 1, termination of 11 hours Equilibrium-9, 55; 10, 55 tant in the upper regions, though the sound some

and Monday, November 2, the rain which fell at 1-2; 11, 57; 12, 55; 1, 56; 2, 57; 3, 56; 4, 56; 5, 55; what resembled that of an earthquake, or the whir.

Flatbush, Long Island, measured one inch and 6, 55; 7, 54; 8, 54; 9, 53; 10, 54; 11, 54. ring noise of large birds descending very suddenly,

30.100 of an inch. Saturday, November 7, 6, A. M., 53; 7, 52 1-2; 8, and continued from a quarter to half a minute. The

The fall, as noted at the New York Hospital from 54; 9, 54; 10, 55; 11, 56; 12, 55; 1, 56; 2, 56; 3, 56; course of the noise was from North to South, and

Saturday, October 31st, 3, P. M., 10 Tuesday, Nov. 4,55 1-2; 5, 55 1-2; 6, 55 1-2; 7, 55 1-2; 8, 55 1-2 continued in that di. ection, gradually retreating.

3, 9, P.M., was three inches and 60-100 of au incb. 9, 55.

The Sentinel says:-“Had it been cloudy, it cerSunday, November 8, 6 A. M., 53; 7, 54; 8, 53 tainly would have passed off as distant thunder; and Hoops POR LARGE VATS, TUBS, AND Casks.-Hoops 1-2; 9, 53; 10, 56; 11, 57; 12, 56; 1, 55; 2, 55; 3, 55; had it occurred in the night, ihere would have been made of round iron are more economical than flat 4, 55, 5, 55; 6, 55; 7, 55; 8, 55; 9, 55; 10, 55; 11, 55; a long train of light, or of blazing sparks."— True for the reason that they cost less to shape them, pre12, 55. Equilibrium of 12 hours.

Sun, Nov. 10.

sent less surface to rust and are stronger. Vessels Monday, November 9, 6 A. M., 54; 7, 54; 8, 55; The New York Farmer and Mechanic of October having a great flare should be hooped with round 9, 55; 10, 54; 11, 54; 12, 55; 1, 55 1-2; 2, 57; 3, 56; 29, contains my meleorological record for one week

iron. The round hoop will accomodate itself to the including the 23d of October, from which I copy as 4, 56; 5, 57; 6,55; 7, 51; 8, 55; 9, 54; 10, 55; 11, 55; follows:-"At 6 o'clock, P. M., Friday, October 23,

fare of the vessel. 12, 55. the temperature fell three degrees, and remained in

GRATES FOR BURNING Coal.-Grales for burning Tuesday, November 10, 6 A. M., 53; 7, 53, 8, 56;

in an equilibrium stale until aller 6 o'clock on Sa9, 58; 10, 57; 11, 59; 12, 59 1-2; 1, 60; 2, 62; 3, 61; lurday morning, with two vibrations of half a de.

cual should be set as near the hearth as possible, and gree each at 8 and 9 on Friday evening." The a depression should be made in the rear part of the 4, 61 1.2; 5, 59; 6, 58 1-2; 7, 58 1.2; 8, 58; 9, 58; Brooklyn Evening Star of October 24, contains my hearih for the cinders and ashes. A grale set in this 10, 55. communication as follows:-"THE WEATHER.--The

way will give out heat to warm the feet, whereas a Wednesday, November 11th, 6 A. M., 54 1-2.highesi temperature yesterday was 470, al 6 o'clock,

grate set 8 or 10 inches from the hearth, the fire heats P. M. It is not olien that the lemperajure rises als The vibration of half a degree between 10 P. M.,

ter sunset. At 7 o'clock the lemperature was 440, the limbs higher up. and 6 A. M., after a fall of 3 degrees between 9 and

being a sudden fall of 30. Il vibrated the next hour 10 is indicative of a distant disturbance, in addition to hali a degree, and was for a litle time at 44 1-2. It A NEW COMET was discovered at Rome about 8 which are recorded iwo strongly marked Equilibri.

again vibrated and reached 45, at which it remained o'clock in the evening of the 230 Sept. It was adums on the Oui, and 9ih.

unul near 7 this morning; thus forming an Earth. vancing rapidly in a western direciion towards the

quake Equilibrium! Snow tell yesterday at a long || equator, parallel with Tarr in Ursa Major. It is Wednesday, Nov. 11, 7, A. M., 56; 8,53; 9, 56; || distance io the West of us, and afterwards to the " nebulous, and throws very little light.

Comparative Meteorology.

On the 21st of August, Lieul. Freemout was at an. ll On the 5th of August, Lieut. Freemudi's observa

altitude of 6 185 leet, temperaiure al noon 89°, at || tions were frequent. At sunrise of the 4 h his altiATMOSPHERE OF Tile Rocky MOUNTAINS. -Lieut.

sunset 65, and at sunrise next morning 36. Thun lude was 7,143 feei, temperature 380; at 32 minutes Freemont made a tour across the Rocky Mountains

der storm ai a distance, Difference between noon of past 12, M., aliitude 6,951, temperature 790; at 42 in 1842, 1813 and 1814, during which he kept a me

21st and sunrise of 22.1 53, and between sunset of minutes past I, P. M., aliitude 6.963, temperature teorological journal, which was published with his 21st and sunrise vf 221 29.

800. Next morning at 8 o'clock 50 minutes, tempereport, by order ot Congress, a printed copy of which

At Washington City, ihree-fourths of an inch op rature 6 lo, altitude 6,727; 9 hours 50 minutes, lemI have now before me. rain fell on the 21st of August, 1843.

perature 670, altitude 6,755 ; 10 hours 50 minutes, His observations, in August, 1843, were made lie.

At Brooklyn, 54.100 of an inch of rain tell that temperature 690, altitude 6,706; noon 750, alitude tween north latitude 410 23m. 8s., and north Jatilude

day, and the temperature at noon was 78°, and at 6,823; 0 hours 50 minutes temperature 790, altitude 420 36in. 56s.; and between West Longitude 106°

sunset 72, and next morning at sunrise 69- differ. 6,831; 1 hour 50 minutes temperature 790, aliiude 16 n. 54s, and Illo 46 n. Os. The altitude above the

ence belween noon of 21st and sunsel of 22.1 9, and 6,875; 2 bours 50 minutes temperalure 77, altitude level of the Gull of Mexico, was from 4.666 feet, the between sunset and sunrise 3.

6,871; 3 hours 50 minutes temperature 75, altitude lowest to 8.234 fect, the highest.

On the 221, Lieut. Freemnoni was at an altitude of 6,888; 4 hours 50 minutes lemperature 95, in the sun, On the 1st day of August, the altitude of his place

6 281, temperature at noon 84°, atmosphere smoky, sunset lemperature 70, allitude 6,743, and next mornof observation was 7.178 feet; temperature at sun.

and at sunrise next morning temperature 47-differ ing at sunrise 46, fall 24-sunset, temperature 63, sel, 620, and next morning at surrise 520–difference 37.

with wind East, and a thunder storm approaching. ence 100.

At Washington City, 180.1000 ot an inch of rain Ai Brooklyn on the 4th, 5th and morning of the At Brooklyn, N. York, Lat. 40. 41m. 50s. Norih,

fell on the 221, and at Brooklyn, NINE INCHES AND 61h, len,perature as follows: 41h, sunrise, 610; noon, Long. 730 59 m. 30s. West, altitude above the sea, 65

thirteen hundredths of an inch of rain fell between half 76; sunset, 67-51h, suprise, 64; noon, 72; sunset, feet, the temperature at sunset, Aug. 1, was 700, and

prust 3, A. M., and 12, M. on the 22d, the greatest 70, and next morning at sunrise 70, heing an Equiliat suprise next morning, 660, difference 4o.

rain ever known there. Temperature at sunrise 69, brium. On the 5th, rain lell for a few minu es at 1, On the 3d of August, Lieul. Freemont reached an

at noon 73, and at sunset 72, and the same of the P. M.; rain commenced at halt past 7, P. M., and allitude of 8.314 feet, temperature 33o at sunrise, 680

morning of the 23d, thus forming an Equilibrium. continued near all night, accompanied by thunder at 9, A. M., 66 at sunset, and 38 at sunrise next mor.

On the 23d, at sunset, Lieut. Freemont made no and lightning. One inch and 90-100 of an inch of ning. Difference between sunset and sunrise 28.

record ut temperature, bui un the 24th at noon, he rain sell. Ai Washington City, half an inch of rain At Brooklyn, on the 3d, the highest lemperature

noted the allitude at 6.290 teet and the temperature at tell on the 5th. was 760, al sunset 68, and next morning at sunrise

75°, in three quarters of an hour alter at 74, and at On the 27th of July I encamped upon the pinnacle 61. Difference 70 between sunset and sunrise.

sunset 56. at an altitude of 5.843 feet, and the morn. of Killington, temperalure of the air at 9, P. M 470, On the morning of August, 12, altitude of Lieut.

ing of the 25th at sunrise 45, being a fall of but 110 and at 10 miles distant on the common surface, Freemoni's place of observation 6.720 feet, temperature 31. In the evening of that day he had an alli.

during the night. At noon on the 25th, altitude same hour in the evening 760-difference 29o. I

5841, temperature 72; at sunset 5.738 feet altitude; discharged fire arms on the pinnacle of the mountude of 7 221 feet and a temperature at sunset of 52,

temperatnre 62, and next morning ai sunrise down tain at fixed periods which had been agreed upon and next morning at sunrise 26-fall of 26

to 28, or 4 degrees below the freezing point-change to be observed by persons wear the foot of the mounwater froze in the lodge during the night. There he

during the night 34. The afternoon of the 25th, tain-the reports were without echo on the mounleft the last waters running toward the rising sun, and

Lieut. Freemont crossed a large field of salt, several tain top, but the sound came to the listeners and ob. travelled toward those running toward the setting

inches deep, and on the morning of the 25th, he ex. servers at near ine foot of the mountain from the sun.

amined the celebrated springs called the “Beer sides of a mountain opposile. The temperature at Brooklyn, on the 12th, at sun

SPRINGS," one of which had a temperature of 56, Lieut. Freemont, remarks that the sound of rifles rise, was 6 lo; noon 81, sunset 76, and sunrise next another of 87, and the steam hole near it, 81.

upon the mountains was as loud as elsewhere, but morning 77, being a rise of one degree in the night.

At Brooklyn, the temperature on the 231, 24th, without reverberation. I think had he selected a Thus, while the thermometer fell 26 and 6 degrees

251h and 26th was as follows:-noon, 231, 78°; sun high isolated peak for the experiment that he would below the freezing point on the dividing ridge be

down, 74; 21h, sunrise, 63; noon, 76; sunsel, 74; have found that the sound was much less powerful tween the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific, the

251h, suprise, 67; noon, 78; sunsel, 74; 261h, sun than on the coinmon surface. temperature at Brooklyn rose one degree-a wonder

rise 70; noon, 78; sunsel, 76; and next morning, 70 It will be seen from these statements, above, that ful contrast.

at sunrise. The 230 10 271h, both inclusive, fair the change of temperature in the region travelled by On the 14th of August, Lieut. Freemont had an weather.

Lieul. Freemont and his party were of greater exaltitude of 6 941 feet, with a temperature at noon of

On the 28th, 291h and 30th, Lieut. Freemont re tent, and more frequent, than in our atmosphere on 86°; at sunset an altitude of 6,667 feet, and a tem

cords thunder storms, at his encampments, at night, the sea board of the Atlantic, and notwithstanding perature of 75, and next morning at sunrise 31-dif

accompanied by rain. The temperature of the at these great and sudden changes his men were healthy ference between noon and sunrise next morning 52,

mosphere and altitude on these days was as follows: and vigorous. and between sunset and suprise ol 41.

281h, altitude 5.142 feet, siiprise, temperature 55; 2, I do not find in the meteorlogical records of Lieut. At Brooklyn, on the 14th, the lemperature at noon

P. M., 78, allude, 4.764 feet; sunset, 65, altitude, Freemont any state of atmosphere recorded during was 79°, at sunset 77, and sunrise next morning 71

4.681 feet. Thunder storm and rain. Next morn his whole tour amounting to an Equilibrium of six --difference between noon of 14th and suprise of

ing, at sunrise of 29th, temperature 54, being a fall of hours duration, and but one case in which the tem151h, 80, and between sunset and sunrise 6.

11 degrees during the night; noon, 71; altitude, perature approached within one degree of that state On the 20th of August at 10 minutes past 4, P. M.,

5.561 teel; 1, P. M., aliitude, 5.595 teet, tempera ol'atmosphere. I am inclined to the opinion from Licutenant Freemont was upon the high lands be.

ture 76. No sunset observation, but next morning long continued observation, that during the Equilitween the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, altitude

al sunrise, 39-a thunder storm during the night, brium stale of atmosphere more persons die than 8.234 feet-a lightniog cloud was visible in the

fall of temperature from half past 1, P. M., to next during a vibratory stale of temperature, and particuEast, a high wind was blowing from the North, the

morning at sunrise, 37. On the 30th, at noon, tem larly, aged persons. temperature of the air was 79, and next morning at

perature, 67, altitude, 5.169 feet; halt past 1, P. M., I have searched the records of Lieut. Freemont, suprise was 43-difference 36.

temperature 73; altitude, 5.228 feet; sunset, lempe. with a view to ascertain the existence of frequent Lieutenant Maury, of the Hydrographical Office, rature, 64, altitu le, 4.723 feet; and next morning at

thunder storms on the ridges dividing the warers Washington City, in a letter to me in October, 1843, sunrise, 44; a thunder storm during the night-rall

running respectively toward the two great oceans, states that 2 inches and 788.1000 of an inch ot rain of 200.

presuming that where the respective vapors of these tell on the 20th of August, 1843, at Washington

At Brooklyn, the temperature on the 28th, 29th and were touched at the same moment by a passing cloud, City. 30th, was as tollows:-231h, sunrise, 73°; noon, 78;

that a thunder or snow storm would be the offspring At Brooklyn the temperature was 77° at noon of sunset 70.

of the union. His notes are hardly full enough for the 20th of August, 75 at sunset, and 73 next morn.

29th, sunrise, fall 8, 73°; noon, 75; sunset, 75. accurate decision, still I think that as far as they go, ing at sunrise, and but 03.100 of an inch of rain fell

30h, sunrise, 67°; tall 8o, noon, 81; sunset, 76;

they favor the opinion that the commingling pro. -difference between noon of 20th and sunrise of || and next morning sunrise, 74-lall 2..

duces such results. 21st, 4.

Lieut. Freemont records the fall of rain on six dif: | teorology, for in this is found the plain teachings of terent days and nights during the month of August, nature. 1813, viz: on 1st, 21 and 9ih, and the three thunder South of the Equator, upon the American Conti. storms slated on the 25th, 29th and 30th, during all nent, the negro by long residence becomes bleached, of wbich the wind was either North, N. W., E. or the white man bronzed. The white man also there N. E. The quantity of rain he records as being diminishes in size and in intelleci in less than three moderate, except on the 29th, which he noies as generations of his race. " considerable." The 6th of August, during which Citizens of the United States are many of them he made, and noteil observations, nearly throughout bending their course towards the shores of the great the day, the temperature was highest between 12 M. Western Ocean-toward sundown-leaving the reand 2, P. M.

gions thai lie loward sunrise; the nalural products The fall of rain in August, 1843, al five different of the soil of the newly sought country indicales 10 localities, was as follows:

them that it is different from the place of their birth, Flatbush, Long Island, by Doctor

and should they extensively locale west of the Rocky Strong's guage, - - 15 inches 76-100 Mountains, two or three generations will prove to Syracuse, New York, by Mr. Con

their descendants, that the climate degenerates their key's do, - - - - 2 inches 15-100 mental puwers, and they will regret the exchange, Washington City, Lt. Maury's Ob

and so will those who inhabit the country they have servatory do, . - - 6 do 489-1000 lefi; Cambridge, Mass., Director Bond's

The mountain lands in our region of country are Harvard College do, . . 8 do 740-1000 vested with an almosphere that seems to be highly Boston, Mass., Mr. Hall's do, . 6 do 85-100 charged with invigorating properties. It is among

The difference in the fall of rain is very great be. he Mountains that are exposed to the bright sunshine tween these five localities. Bosion and Cambridge fof morning, that men of greatest intellect are found. are but three miles apart, and yet there was a great It is to the high mountain top iha! men worn down difference in the fall of rain at the iwo places. From with mental labor should resort for renewed vigor the records of Lieut. Freemont, it appears probable of health and intellect. Climate and atmosphere that he experienced less rain than was noted at Syra have much to do with the animal race. The rabbit cuse, the lowest noted above.

and the weasel change color with the seasons in high With regard to temperature I will also make some Northern latitudes-in winter are white, in summer statements. Mr. Conkey since I coinmenced this red.

E. MERIAM. nolice, has been so kind as to furnish me his recorded temperatures for August, 1843. The latitude of

Struck By Lightning. his place of observation is 43 deg. 1 min. North

On Sunday afternoon last, a cloud highly charged long. 76 deg. 15 inin West. allilude 400 feet. From this record I gather the following: on the

with the electric fuid, with however but little rain, morning of the 8th and 27th, at sunrise, the teinpe

passed over this village, during which the dwelling rature was at 70 deg., and on the 26th at 72 jeg. On

house of Mr. Mann was struck by the lightning, and the morning of 1st and 20, 52 deg.; 4!h and 24h,

one of his daughters severely injured. It appears 55 deg.; 16th, 57; 251h, 54; and 21st, 59, the residue

that the lighining struck the chimney, following it of the mornings of that month ranging between 60

10 where ihe stove-pipe was inseried, thence duwn and 69 deg.

the pipe into a lower room, and glancing from the AL9, A. M., on the mornings of the 7th, 14th and

pipe, it struck Miss M. a Jittle above the waist, on

her side, thence down to her feel-ihrough the floor 27ıh, the temperature was 80 deg., the residue of the

into the cellar-kitchen, and through an outside door mouth ranging from 65 10 78 deg. At 3, P. M., on the 27th, temperature 90 degrees;

into the earth. At the point where it struck Miss 13th and 17th, 87; 12th and 31st, 86; 10th, 85; 9ih

Mann, il burnt a hole about the size of a dollar

through her clothes, causing the flesh to bulge outand 30th, 84; 16th and 29th, 83; 7th, 18th and 281h, 82; 41h and 6th, 81, and 7th and 25th, 80. These

wards. Her side and back was awfully burned. It are much higher than Brooklyn temperatures.

literally tore her sleeve, and other parts of her dress,

into shreds. One of her stockings, and a shoe, were The evening temperature, at 9 o'clock, was on the

torn from off her. The shook made her senseless 31st, 78 deg; 71h, 77; 17th, 261h, 28th and 29th, 76;

for some time, Medical attendance was ob:ained, 12th, 13th, 14th, 16th, 181h and 301b, 74; 4ih, 8th and

and the young lady, although suffering extremely, 10th, 73, and the residue ranging from 63 to 72 deg

is in a fair way of recovery. No other person in The lowest from the 20th to 24th both inclusive. No

the room, of whom there were several, received any Equilibrium during the month.

injury, although they felt the effects of the shock.Comparative meteorology is very instructing.

On the whole, this was a narrow and providential The agriculturalist needs to understand its pointings, that he may cultivate such grains, plants, &c., as

escape.- Wisconsin Beloil Messenger of Oclober. the climate favors, for nature has wisely arranged

Coal ASHES FOR MANURE.-Mr. Pell, of Pelham all these, and the agriculturist will find by close ob

Farm, has written a letter to the Editors of the New servation that nature is wonderfully instructive.

York Journal of Commerce, detailing the great ad. The valetudinarian in search of health is interested

vantages he has experienced from using Coal Ashes in comparative meteorology, for he would shudder

as a manure upon grass land. at the thought of encountering a climate that presented changes of 53 degrees, within the 24 hours,

THE GREAT GALE. The storm in which the Atwhen il he would take into consideration the altitude

lantic made shipwreck, on Thursday, the 26th Noof the surface on which such a vibratory atmosphere

vember, commenced as far to the South-west as the rested, he would find on the high mountains with its

South-western Mountains of Virginia. At Saltville ever changing temperatures, the very place where he

in a rain storm on the 24th and on the 25th, the wind should resort for benefit of health and mind. The blew a perfect hurricane from the West accompaphysiognomist should investigate comparative me. ll nied by a snow storm of 24 hours duration.

Virginia Correspondence.
Saltville, Washington Co., Va., ?

Nov. 19, 1816. 3 MR. E. Meriam.--Dear Sir :-In my last I acknowledge ibe receipt of yours of 2811 Aug. I have now the pleasure of noticing another favor under date of 261h Sept., with a postscript of 20 Oct. 1 am also much indebied to you tor the several papers sent me. By last mail came to band the “Brooklyn Evening Star," and ibe " Farmer and Mechanic"> both excellent papers, and always welcome visitors. The Farmer and Mechanic is certainly the most valuable paper of its kind I have ever met with. Mr. Starr is most eminently successtul in the conduct of his paper, and deserves great credit for the ability and zeal he shows in geiting together so vast a fund ol' u selul and entertaining maller. To the Agricul. turist and Mechanic it is particularly valuable, and no man in the union, either Artist or Agriculturist, should be without it.

I was away from home from the 11th to the 24th of last monin, and many omissions occurred in my meteorlogical record-indeed I did not intend to send it to you, on that account, but perceived in one of your late communications in a paper sent me, that ir might be of some interest to you, and theretore annex it herewith. You will notice that the change in the temperature from 10, P. M. 24th Oct., to 6 o'clock next morning, was the same at this place, as on Brooklyn Heights, viz: 100, and followed by an equilibrium on :he 251h from noon in 4, P. M.

We had also an equilibrium on Tuesday, 27th, from noon until 7, P. M., followed by a fall of temperature from 10, P. M. to 6 o'clock next morning, of 160. During that night there continued a very strong wind from S. W., about daylight it changed and blew for several hours with undiminished violence from the N. E. You will notice other equilibriums during the month. I inentioned the above because they corresponded as to date with similar phenomena given by yourself.

The equilibrium of the 10th was succeeded by a strong wind on that night, and next morning from the N. E.

Accordirg to your theory the temperature of the present mooth bas been, with us, most alarmingly Prophetic. Time will show with what truth.

The accounts you furnish of your researches in this new path are deeply interesting. The positions you have taken have been so, I may say, unidersally corroborated as to leave liule doubt of the intimacy between Earthquakes, Almosphere and Wind-and as may ere long, with the assiduous attention you bestow on the subject, place the system upon incontes'ible basis. I look for your communication on the subject, with eager anxiely.

In reply to some of your enquiries not heretofore answered, I refer you to a communication from Gen. P.C. Johnston, ot Abingdon. That gentleman estimates the altitude of this place at 1782 feet above tide water. He has also politely furnished me with the heighth of several points in the main valley roote leading from Wythe C. H. 10 Abingdon, which are as follows:

Wythe C, H. 2,290, distance to Abingdon 56 miles, course about W. S. W.

Mt. Airy, Wythe Co. 2,553, distance to Abingdon 44 miles, course about W.S. W.

Seven Mile Ford, S. Wythe Co. 1,902, distance to Abingdon 21 miles, course about W. S. W.

Abingdon, Washington Co. 1,932.

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Saltville, Washington Co.1,782, distance to Abing | Ilth, 6 A.M., 48; 7, 50; 8,50 1-2; 9, 53: 10, 55 1-2;

Virginia Correspondence. don 16 miles, course about S. W.

11, 57 1-2. On the night of the 13th 3 inches and

9-100 ofan inch of rain lell. The following is Gen. Johnston's letter.

Saltville, WASHINGTON Co. VA., 2 This is all that Sallville

Nov. 291h, 1846. 3 "ABINGDON, Oct. 12:h, 1846 experienced of the great gale of the 10th, 11th, 12th

Dear Sir:-Your esteemed favor of 26th Octuber "Mr. Milnor has placed in my hands Mr. Me and 13th of October.

was received by due course of mail, and would have riam's letter to him of the 28th Aug., 1846; and in On the 29th of October the temperature at Salt

been answered belore but for pressing engagemenis regard to some of the enquiries he makes, I take ville at 6 A. M., 22&. On Brooklyn Heights same

which have absorbed my lime. pleasure in affording the following memorandum: hour of same morning 360. At Syracuse 350 at

I rejoice to hear that the new Constitution of the “The altitude of Saltville above ride water has sunrise. Al 3 P. M. at Sallville 62, same hour

State of New York has met with so hearty a respone not been ascertained, nor have I now the means of Brooklyn Heights 520. S racuse 490, Montreal,

by a large majority of the people. Although it is doing so, my boiling point thermometer being out of L. C. 42. The altitude of Sallville 1762 feet, Brook

faully in some of its features, yet as a whole it is order. It is somewhat less than that of the town of lyn Heights 55 feet. Syracuse 400 feet. Montreal

much better than the old one. The political revolu. Abingdon, which is 16 miles S. W. The altitude nel ascertained by me.


tion of the State is also extremely satisfactory. Vio of Abingdon is 1,932 feet, ascertained both by level.

not allude simply to the benefits which may result ling, and the boiling point thermometer. Salıville


from passing the power and patronage of the State probably about 150 feet less, being very near the bol.

The state of the barometer on the 25th and 26th of Governinent froin one political party to another, but tom of the valley of the north fork of Holsten river.

November, the day preceding, and the day on which of the influence which it may have upon our Na. “Barytes is of frequent occurrence in this valley.

the steamer Atlantic was wrecked was peculiar. At tional councils wit i reference to the mean and useIt is most generally a sulphate. I do not know, how

Boston, Naniucker, Flatbush, New York, and Syra less quarrel with our Mexican neighbor. It seems ever, that any specimens have been analyzed; I have

cuse, the mercury was very low. It would be well lo me that by this war, our nation has disgraced it. supposed that some I have met with was a carbonate,

for passengers if Captains of steamers and packet sell in the eyes of all civilized nations, and that it because it effervescent with nitric acid. As far as

ships were to pay more attention to meteorology. has met with an emphatic condempation in the reyet ascertained, no melals of any particular value

The steamer Great Western, which often traverses cent vole of New York. are closely associated with it. In some neighbor

the same path with the icebergs both day and nighi Ali offensive wars ( deem unjust. They belong hoods iron is found near it, sometimes with il- but

registers the temperatnre of the air and water but to a barbarous age, and no nation is entitled to be iron is here every where. The only other ineral of

once in 24 hours, although during that 24 hours she deemed civilized, that engages in them, much less any value yet found in our valley is lead; but I

sometimes runs 200 miles. The temperature should can they with propriety be called Christians, Christ have not yet heard that Baryles is associated with

be registered every hour, and then it could readily is the “Prince of Peace," and it is :he height of abbe known it an iceberg was near.

surdity to call any one by his name, who will seize This morning (the 19th) was ushered in with an

the implements of war and murder bis neighbor. equilibrium-my thermometer stood at 56fo when

The Late FLOODS IN FRANCE.-The French Min

Acrepi my thanks for the papers you send me, I first observed it the morning at 6 o'clock, and re ister of Public Works has received a general report

The “Farmer and Mechanic," which I received mained at that until 10, when it raised i degree, and on the ravages commiled by the flods, from which

yesterday I perceive contains additional information from that hour until 8, P. M. gradually fell lo 390, it appears that it will equire upwards ot 65,000,000

of the correciness of your theory concerning the reat which it remained at my latest observations, at 10, francs to repair the bridges, embankments, roads,

lation between earthquakes and storms, and certain P. M., viz:-6 A. M., 564; 7, 56}; 8, 564; 9, 561; &c., which have been destroyed, and no execute the conditions of the atmosphere. 10, 57; 11, 55; 12, 513; 1, 511; 2,49; 3, 463; 4, works necessary to prevent a recurrence of a similar

The weather with us during the fall has generally 44; 5, 43; 6, 42; 7, 45; 8, 39; 9, 39; 10, 39. disaster. This estimate does not comprise the

been pleasant. The past week however has been The morning commenced calm and clondy, a driz amount of injury suffered by private properly.

an exception. It rained during the day on Tuesday ling rain all day-at 10, A. M., the wind commenced Official documents declare that the loss of houses

the 24h, and on !he 25th it snowed during the 24 blowing, viz. fresh from S. W., and continued at carried away, at Roanne alone, amounts to two hun.

hours, and the wind blew a perfect hurricane from that the remainder of the day anıt all night. dred; and the record of the number is daily aug.

the West, the thermometer stood at 38 deg. at 10, A. Nov. 20.--Clinch mountain, in view from my mented. Not fewer than two thousand persons are

M., and gradually fell during the day until 5, P. M., house, has its summit this morning partly covered without food and raiment, and to this amount must when it reached 21 deg., where it remained slutiona. with snow, the first that has fallen in view of this be added sixty families belonging to the neighboring

ry until 10 v'clock, when I retired. On Thursday, place this season. I anticipate a severe spell of commun's.

the 26th, the mercury seemed to be extremely fitlul weather will follow.

The little commune of Epercieu, St. Paul, near

during the day, scarcely remaining stationary for Our farmers have just gathered to their cribs a

Feurs, has lost forty-two houses out o' ninety-one. hall an hour. It varied from 18 to 46 degrees, and most bountilol yield of corn, a larger crop than has Upwards of foriy important domains have been

on Friday morning ai 6 and 7 o'clock it sunk to 9 been made for several years past. ravaged between Montrond and Feurs, on the two

deg., but on Saturday morning from 6 to 10 v'clock, My record for this month, which has been kept banks of the Loire. Ai Vanchetto, all the inbabi

it stood at 47 deg. To day (Sunday) it was 53 deg. with more regularity than that of Oct., shall be lur tants of the lower grounds were forced to fly; and

at six this morning, where it remained in equilinished at the expiration of ihe month. scarcely had they escaped when their houses were

brium, without the slightest variation until hall past Very respectiully yours, inundaled. The water was in general three feet

4 this afternoon. WM. P. Milnor. higher than in November, 1790.

At five o'clock in tell to 510, and now, ten o'clock Note.-In a note which Mr. Milnor appends to The return of the waters to their proper channels

in the evening, it stands at 400. The day has been his meteorlogical tables for the monih of October, he and the consequent re-opening of the communica

delightfully mild and pleasant. The storm of last remarks as follows: “Quantity of rain which tell tions, have further disclosed the horrois of the late

week brought with ilimmense Rocks of pigeons from during the month of October 4 inches and 60-100 of inundation. Of ien floods recorded between 1755

the north. I think it must have been severe in that an inch. Strength of salt water 240. Wind light and 1845, none equalled in height and force the re

region. Many of the pigeons have stopped with us every day during the month excepting the night of cent one.

lo spend this pleasant weather, and recruit ihemselves Saturday 10th, fresh from North East, and during The King, Queen, and Royal Family, have placed

for their journey to a still more souibern climate. the morning of 111h and night of Tuesday 27th, 12,000 francs at the disposal of the Minister of Com

The gypsum, of which you speak in your last, is merce for the use of the sufferers. The journals strong wind from S. W. veered in the morning, and

publish many liberal subscriprions, including one found in immense quantity on the Holston river, blew fresh North East. No thunder and lightning from the Bank of France of 25,000 francs. The

from this place to filteen or twenty miles above. As during the month of Oct. The 10th and ilih of Oct. Archbishop of Paris has called on the clergy of his

yet discovered it does not occupy a position much the terrific gale laid waste the shipping in the har. diocese to make collections in their Churches.

above the surface of the water in the river, but it ex. bor of Havana and the town of Key West. The

Pigeons.—The storm of the 211, 251h and 26th of temperature at Sallville on the 10th of October was

tends to an unknown depth below, and is (in most November, brought immense fucks of Pigeons to as follows: 6 A, M., 47; 7, 49; 8, 52; 9, 58; 10,

place rather difficult of access on account of the 62; 11, 671-2; 12, 70; 1, 72; 2,72; 3, 72; 4, 72;

the South-western Mountains of Virginia. From

1 surface water. The quality is very pure. It is 5,72; 6, 70); 7, 69;, 8, 67; 9, 66; 10, 64. Sunday !! whence did these Pigeons come ?

quite equal 10 Nova Scotia, which it resembles in appearance. When it was first discovered here, it was supposed to be salt that had lost its sa vor, and was consequently called "dead salı.” It was consequently regarded as worthless, and wis'ntirely neg. Jected. Bu: since it has been ascertained that it is valuable as a sertilizer, considerable quantities have been used annually, and now it is transporied in wagons, filty or sixty miles. It is, however, used 10 a very limited extent, compared with what it should be, but the quantity is increasing with a knowledge of its benefits.

Mr. Miloor will forward you his meteorlogical table, for November, by the first nail atter the close of the month.

Mr. Preston's new salı furnace is completed. He has adopted the plan you suggested to him, of sus. pending his kettles in cast iron plates placed upon the walls. It is a very neat and substantial arrangement, and he has spared no pains or expense tu inake his entire entablishment as perfect and complete as possible. I am directing improvements upon the King estate.

I shall ever be pleased in hearing from you as of ten as you have leisure to write.

Respecifully yours. Thos. Spencer. E. MERIAM, Esq.

EARTHQUAKE AT Algiers, AFRICA.-Letiers from Algiers report that a frightful inundation has taken place in Algeria, from the overflowing of the river Arrach, aller very heavy rains. The village of Maison Carree was nearly swept a way; and twentythree persons were known to have been drowned.Oo the night of the inundation, an earthquake was felt at Algiers.-Date not slated.

TENESSEE CORRESPONDENCE.-Letters from Nashville of November 22, as follows:-" Cotton, is 9 cents Ib. here and the whole crop will turn out 2,155,000 Bales of 450 to each as time will prove, Corn is 30 cents delivered along the river per busbel of 52 lbs. Hay $6 per ton 22 40 lbs. Flour 5 10 5 50 per barrel 200 lbs. Tobacco 1 75 10 4 50 per 100 lbs. Pork 2 50. Lard 5 to 6 cents. Bacon best and common, mixed 3 1-2 to 5 1-2 dollars per 100 lbs. We have had white frosts which the new leaves resisted wonderfally but had to drop off green without the autumnal yellow sear. The gentle winds from the South-west fur 30 days caused lille rain and the Norih-easters being now over after 6 day's cold, promise rather a dry season for four weeks to come.”

Tennessee Correspondence.

a few miles from the Pilot or Arrarat mountain

standing in a rolling district of Norih Carolina.

Oct. 15th, 1846. The mountain is of sugar loaf formn rearing its E. MERIAM, Esq.- Dear Sir :-1 observe in your apex to the heighth of 1,500 or 1,800 feet by comjournal numerous lasts iecorded having relerence to mon estimation. storms, earthquakes, and oiher natural phenomena. A perpen licular rounded rock 300 feet high and

I will offer for your consideration some remarks containing about three acres of surface crowns the top about storms that perhaps may be worih perusal. of the cone and much iron and other metalic sub

The immediate causes inducing klorms are quite stances in the vicinity seem to excite the electrocomplex, and much enquiry is necessary before as galvanic forces during summer. signing to each due weight in such atmospheric con On one side of the pinnacle there is a crevice vulsions,

through which with the aid of ladders persons ascend Chemical and electro-magnetic affinites co-oper to the top and may sce the clear sun shine, over ate for preserving the elements in a state suitable clouds pouring down rain and emitting thunders for storm developements.

whose sound is sharp and without reverberation like But these ever active forces are merely compacts the discharge of rifles. of certain properlies congenital with atoms, and The form of ihe mountain gives a hollow conic seem dependent upon more pervading influences,

shape to the clouds ibat envelope it and sometimes demanding absolute repletion or absolute pegation the vapors ascending make the appearance of anothof atoms, at a given point, which cannot be attaina

er cone of clouds with the base inverted, and the apex ble within our alinosphere.

pointing to the mountain top. Yet it is certain the changing postures of atoms

Such appearance I saw and quickly these clouds and states of properties, arise from constant efforis

assuming a whirling motion came uilting toward w attain those opposing results.

where I was six miles off. It is a truth in Physicis that the concentrative

Ste rain and hail poured as if from a water rights of maller are opposed by the dispersive rights

sprut, the ground trembled and elect, ic shocks being

felt we soon saw a large grainery near us, was igof matter, and as one or the other compact is infringed, sequential motion represents the greater or

niled, and a pine tree not far off, by the lightning. lesser invasion by either class.

Subsequently a whirlwind, from the same moun

tain, carried away the frame house from which I For example, when the volcano sends into the

observed the storm I am dercribing, the inmates upper air its streaming fires, or the cometary visit

happening not to be at home. ant approaching near the sun disperses its alomic

The wiud appeared as it descending from the body one hundred millions of miles into void ex

zenith and spreading, cast over tences and sheds and panse, the dispersive law, as to these facts, has as.

prostrated trees in every course around. cendency over ihe gravitating tendencies.

I have often observed that river fogs are apt to But there does remain a nuclealconservative por

collect upon the highest land in their neighbur hood tion which in the end reconstructs the cumet by the

and sometimes a cloud advancing along one mounconcentrative or yravilaling law and the motions of

tain will cross, at right angles, to another parallel atoms and of their attributes, during all the dispers

range, in great baste, even when 10 or 20 miles ing and aggregating contest, represent the relative

apart. power of the combattants.

Sometimes long columns of storm clouds alvance While I would not in this paper discuss these ele

simultaneously and a stationary point in the forward mentary laws of the universe, their force must be

pari must sustain the passing blast during the pas. acknowledged as controlling minor groups of law

sage of all the colunm so ibat is the motion is at the and of physical circumstances involved in all storm

rale of 60 miles per hour and the storm lasts 10 manilestations.

hours, i he primary moving column may be esteemed It is a necessary circumstance attending the glob

as six hundred miles in lengih. ular figure of the earth that the more direct action

The storm current usually pursues a serpentine of the sun and moon must produce during every ro

path, but the rear portions are not obliged to run tation of the earth, a large fund of chemical results, within the tropics, in many respects differing from

around every curve, but sometimes taking the near similar effects exterior us the tropical latitudes.

cut embarrass the forward parts and appear as if It is a necessary circumstance from the diversified

two or more storm currents were advancing at such

places. character of material composing different paris of the

Currenis of side air also frequently rush in, driv. earth's mass and its crust, as well as its waters and

ing alost the storm current so that for miles the elemore elastic superstructures, that much variety must

mentury strise is high above the forest trees. aliend the equations of gravitating forces alone and of electro-chemical forces alone, as well as in effect

It also appears to me that in some parts of every

hurricane-line of travel, it is repelled from the earth ing equilibrations between any opponent laws ope.

after every free discharge of hail and water and is rative at the same time.

again electrically attracted to it, at irregular distanThe place of iso-thermal lines, and lines of no

ces, often without reterence to the even or uneven surmagnetic variation, the direction of the latest main currents of moisture and ot aridity over the surface of

face of the place over which it is moving. great districts, and the unchanging position of plains,

The like causes operating along an ocean surface mountains, valleys and frozen seas all imprint their might excite a "ground swell" where the storm acfeatures upon the laws controlling general and local

lion would be lightest, while at another part of the storm commotions.

serpentine line the impress of the winds would eleWith the foregoing positions kept in view one

vate waves, but usually the moving winds as well as may perhaps be better able to classify many facts

the electro-magnetic appliances under and above which I will describe as concomitants of storms I the ocean surfa..e have concurrent force in causing bave witnessed in past years.

waves, I will first describe a local storm which occurred ll In September of the same year, 1806, with numer.

A SOLEMN KNELL.-The remoant of the wreck of the Steamer Atlantic, a floating palace, still remains among the rocks of Fisher's Island supporting the ship bell, which the wind and waves toll at every heave of the surface of the briny flood. What a memento! What a monitor! How mournful the sound!

SHIPWRECK OF THE British STEAMER NORTH AMERICA.—This steamer was shipwrecked on her passage from St. Johns, N. B., 10 Boston on the night of Wednesday, the 25th of November. When off Mount Desert, the wind blowing a gale from S.S.W., the steam pipe burst, she cast anchor, but the cables were subsequently cut and she drified on shore. The passengers and crew were all saved, with the exception of one fireman. Vessel and cargo a lotal loss.

COLD WEATHER SOUTH.-It will be seen by Mr. Spencer's letter from the Mountains of Souib-western Virginia, that the cold has been more severe there than here, for on Friday morning, the 27th of November, the thermometer was at only 9 degrees above zero tor two hours,

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