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TENNESSEE CORRESPONDENCE.

would occasionally rise, trembling like the aspin, point. It is also certain that many states of the animal and ing upward and downward alternately.

mental capacities are submissive to the changing relaWe present on this page a letter from a learned cor

Preceding storms, most wild fowls and birds busily pre- :: tions that subsist between this world and the moon. respondent in the State of Tennessee, being the first

pare their feathers for flight, and when they soar high to Several thousand years ago as geological science of a series of letters from the same individual, which ward any quarter the storm will pass on the opposite side, and history show, earthquakes were more frequent we will place in the succeeding pages in chronological

or if the fights be rapid in opposite courses, the tem and destructive than in modern times.
pest will soon be upon the place they desert.

The circle of chemical changes on which they deorder.

The earthquakes referred to in the valley of the pended has to a great extent been completed.

Sept. 25th, 1846. Mississippi began in December on or about the 17th It is now believed the clorine material from decomE. Meriam.

Dec. 1811, and the ground was more or less tremu posed muriates may support volcanic generation of Sir-I observe in your paper numerous facts re lous during the following 12 months, greatly disturb highly elastic gases, though wholly separated from

ing the magnet-needle so that the labors of surveyors · corded relative to atmospheric phenomena.

our atmospheric contact. were arrested or very imperfectly performed over a It is supposed too that volcanic vents may commuI will from time to time give my mite of ob ervations upon these and some other natural appearances.

nicate with points very deep in ocean beds. large district for the most part of the time. Before correct deductions in such departments of When the first shock occurred in 1811, I was awake The equality of tides at the same time on opposite

sides of the earth denote no less the general influences philosophy can be made the verge of observation de after midnight and hearing the rumbling sound ap

proaching I supposed it to be a hurricane, but quickly causing tides than the special chemical forces that mands to be carefully enlarged. I will in this communication describe some meteor

ihe swelling sensation of the ground as if per saltem, preserve the water in its fluidity. lites witnessed by myself during the last forty years || intimated the earthquake motion.

The laboratory of the entire atmosphere works out and would here remark that the paucity of meteoric

The gronnd always seemed to swell upwards, by both special and general phenomena with strict uni

formity of connections and freedom from many disastony deposits upon the earth's surface is a strong arrested steps, shaking sideways like a sifting opera

bilities attaining to experimental or even theoretic argument against the countless duration in time past

tion and then rising again so as to repeat three or four of the subsisting constitution of terrene things.

times and then the sound passing by, the surface cheinistry. If but one per annum of those enduring memorials

ground, would seem to sink, by leaps gently down It ought not therefore to be esteemed strange if a fell, long since they ought to cover the earth's surface wards, with intervening side shaking.

storm or an earthquake however caused at one place, were the world indefinitely ancient.

I was then situated one hundred and fifty miles dne

should originate others, at a point remote, butin more In 1806 a very large meteorlite, in a bright day, east from Little and Big Praries where was the cen

direct dependency, as to those results, than other exploded west of Salisbury with loud reports, setting tral forces of these earthquakes near New Madrid.

places of greater proximity. on fire, as I was credibly informed by an eye-witness We at once supposed much destruction had occur

You perceive then that my opinions would favor a of the fact, two dead pine trees and scattering stony red in that unsettled country and soon learned from

generous examination of the positions you have profragments. returning hunters that many boats were lost, extensive

mulgated in reference to assumed relations between Its clattering sound was heard passing from the districts flooded and sunken, new lakes formed and

earthquakes, storms und changes of temperature octhe bottoms of old ones made dry. south west and I would inter it was charged with

curring simultaneously or in quick succession at places electric properties.

At New Madrid the river ran up stream, returning In Warrencounty, Tenn., in 1811, at night, a meteorover flats before dry and the bottom of the lagoon

remotely situated. lite exploded with an alarming report, fragments from

back of the town being raised up, ancient Indian In another letter I will give some roasons for surwhich were glazed with a thin coating of iron. mounds appeared.

posing that the same laws forming areolites, under In the fall of 1813, 8 o'clock in the evening, in When the upheaved ground began to subside the

circumstances favoring such products, might under Wilson county, Tenn., an ærolite having the apparent pressure caused water to spout upward from the allu.

other trains of causation eventuate in giving the phesize of a hogshead passed trom the south at a low vial soil like large rain drops.

nomena of earthquakes. angle of descent.

Numerous faults of geologic character were made In doing so I will advert to the probable immediate The light was exceedingly dazzling, attended with by the cracks, one side being elevated and the other causes of the meteoric shower of 1833. countless crackling reports; it scattered stony frag depressed.

With esteem, yours, &c. ments upon its explosion twenty miles off and return The Hats of the Mississippi river being 50 or 60 ed a sound like distant thunder.

miles wide and having the upper crust suspended over Perceiving the luminous appearance of my room I timber deposits and many hundred feet in depth of

HEAT IN SICILY. ran out and was surprised to see the shadows of the white quick sandsenveloped in water, allowed lengthy adjacent trees so quickly fitting around. depressions to be made as at Wood Lake.

Throughout Sicily an unexampled heat and drought Col. R. E. W. Earle procured a piece of the stone The green timber covered with the rising waters

prevails. On the southern coast of the island, from which was composed of the usual ingredients of me 10 or 20 feet, soon died and rotted off at the water

Trepani to Massala, and even to Girgenti, all vegetateorlites. surface thus leaving forests of stumps horizontal at

tion is perishing for want of water. At Trepani, a In 1835 I saw a very large sparkling phosphorescent top, which in many places are now completely cov

barrel of water, containing forty-eight to fifty bottles, meteor passing from the south west almost horizon- || ered with alluvian new deposits and at some points

sells for one franc and fifty centimes, while the same tally at a great height, and emitting a sound like a a new forest of cotton wood and other luxuriant timber

quantity of good table wine costs but seven francs and rushing wind and the next year another passing north occupies the surface above the standing remains of

eighty centimes. If this scarcity of water continues eastward of nearly like appearance but without any the former.

all the harvest, even that of raisins, will fail. sound.

Some of the younger cotton woods when enveloped

The snow contractors of all the cities of Sicily are All these meteors arrived from a course between as described, did not die but at the new made surface

in the greatest embarrassment. They had agreed to south and west as well as another on or about Feb. put forth a crowd of roots, whilst the center tree be

furnish the population with snow at a moderate price. 11th, 1812. coming a root, has grown but little in size aud now

But last winter the temperature was so mild that very This last named descended at an angle of near 450 when the river invading the bank, developes this spec.

little fell, and the provision of it made at Madonia is scattering fragments, among the trees, with several tacle, it presently engulphs the uprooted tree in its

exhausted. As snow is indispensable during the reports like a six pounder. waters.

summer in Sicily, for the preservation of food, The light was sparkling like white heated iron, ac It is singular that always when earthquakes happen

the public exacts of the contractors that they shall companied with a strong smell of sulphur perceptible about this region, accounts arrive of earthquakes at

procure it, and the latter find themselves compelled half a mile from the place as I retired from it and Carraccas, or in the Carrabean Islands, or at some

to go to the grottoes of Etna, which can only be done causing my dogs to quit a fox chase in seeming alarm. point in the Mexican Gulf immediately preceding

at an enormous expense.—Boston Daily Advertiser, At the time some flying cloudscast down a light shower them and yet no shocks are felt in the New Orleans

Sept. 23. and becoming clear soon after, the sky presented a districts directly between them. tremulous appearance resembling the vapor called Would not this fact indicate that admitting any con

DROUGHT. “ Larences" visible over sand plains, in dry sun-shine, nection of cause and effect exists between these On the two last days in July we had in this neighor similar to the dark tremulous appearance above a quaking points so remote from each other, it must act borhood between three and four inches of rain. burning brick-kiln.

through a channel passing at a deep angle or course Since that time, we have had a few small showers; This indication from the sky together with a dead below New-Orleans in the interior earth?

but the whole amount of raiu fallen for ten weeks, calm or stillness portended to us that an earthquake Now we know that the pivot or ballancing point of has not probably exceeded half an inch. The effect would immediately occur and hastening home, the reciprocative gravitation between the moon and the of the drought is very sererely felt around us. In severest shock occurred of that season.

earth always rests some 1500 or 2000 miles within the this town, many of the wells have given out. At the Preceding the shock cattle and horses had collected earth’s body, and may it be that this point of neutrality, Plains, six out of seven wells are dry. At the Shoals as usual near our habitation.

by the necessary changes of its position, operates as and at Newcastle, the wells have given out, and we The earth then was slightly tremulous, and the dogs an exitant upon the electro magnetic relations of the ter is carried from Portsmouth for the supply. It is manifested much restlessness, while the cattle lowed earth so that under certain recurring aptitudes chemi. so scarce at the latter place, that it has been sold by upon the approach of the dismal sound from the west cal results arise suited to yielding earthquake phenom the quart. It is also very scarce at Kitterey and and chickens at roost clucked with alarm. eua ?

York. In some places not far from Portsmouth, catBy observation for more than 12 months I can state At some past period the stratified rocky crust of the tle are driven several miles to be watered. A letter that always preceding an earthquake in that region earth attained its cleavages and methodized stratifica from a lady over eighty years of age, resident at Corthe atmosphere was affected apparently like it is pre tion under a more active condition of chemico-elec nish, near Claremount, on Connecticut River, to a ceding a severe hurricane in summer. tricity than now exists.

friend in the town, states that the water in the ConAn absolute calm prevailed for a longer or shorter | That lunar influence acts upon the waters, and necticut, at Cornish, is so low that boys ford the riv. period, with murky tremulous spots in the air ; green ll causes tides in the atmosphere and among vapors that er; she never knew it as low before.-Portsmouth leaves ceased to move except that scattered clusters form clouds, no common sense observer can doubt. (N. H.) Journal, Oct. 13.

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No. 16.

to be first paid in cases

Code-Commissioners to reduce laws into,... 1 17 In SENATEJan. 16, 1847.

of insolvency,...... 8 8 Colonial Acts—the law of this State,......... 1 17

Black River Canal—to be completed, ...... 7 3 Colored Persons—what entitled to vote,..... 2 1 INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION

not be sold or leased,..

certain not to be taxed,.... 2 1 Betting on Elections—persons may be ex

Common Law-part of the law of this State, 1 17 OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK.

cluded from voting,

Common School Fund-capital inviolate...... 9 1
AMENDED-ED.
Bills-laws to be passed by, ...............

income how applied,. 9 1 private and local, title of, .............

3 16 Common Pleas Courts—business transferred,. 14 5 The references in the index are to the Article and Section enacting clause of, ..................

judges of abolished,. 14 8 of the Constitution.]

question on final passage,............

3 Comptroller-election of and tenure of office, 5 1 Art. Sec. returned from Governor with objections,

compensation; not to receive fees, 5 1 Assessment Commissioners not to be appointo create debt, .......

cominissioner of the land office,.. 5 5 ted by the Supreme Court... Bills for-tax and appropriation, three-fifths

commissioner of the canal fund,. 5 5 Abuses-in Assessments, to be prevented ... 8 9 Academies-support of, .......

member of the canal board,..... 5 5 ..... 91 quorum,.......................

when present incumbent to go out Bribery-persons guilty of,................. Actions or suits--not to be affected,......... 1 18

of office,.................... 14 Borrowing money, -state may borrow for deby or against corporations,..

3 ficit in sivking fund,.. 7 5 Commissioners of Estimate and Assessment, . 1 Adjournment-neither house to adjourn with

not exceeding $1,000,000, 710 Commissioners of the Caual Fund--who shall be, 5 5 out consent of the other,... 3 11

to repel invasion,.......

to determine by lot the terms Adjutant-General-appointment and tenure of

with assent of the people, 7 12

of Canal Commissioners,.. 5 3 olhice, ................ 11 3

powers and duties,.........

cities and villages to be reAgricultural Land-certain leases or grants to

5 stricted in,.............

Commissioners of the Land-Office--who shall be, 5 be void....

5 Buffalo City Courts-how created,..........

powers and duties,......... 5 6 Alienation of Lards-restraints upon, to be

judges of to be elected,. 18

may sell lands contiguous to void, ............. 1 15

how removed if

the salt springs,......... Amendments to Bills—may be made in either

of record,......

6 11

Commissioners to forın code and report to the house, ............ 3 13

if not of rec'd, 6 17

Legislature,...............

.. 1 17 to the Constitution-[See Constitution,] 13 1

vacancies how supplied, and comAppropriation Laws—to be passed within two Canals-revenues. [See revenues of canals.]

pensation, ....

........ 1 17 years, ............. 7 8 to be completed, ................. 7 3

to simplify pleadings and practice, 6 24 to specify distinctly sum not to be sold, leased or disposed of, 7 6

of supreme court; oifice abolished, 14 8 appropriated, ...... 7 4 Canal Commissioners-election and tenure of

Commissary-General-appointinent and tenure bills, how to be passed, 7 14

office,.............

of office, ............ 11 3 Assembly-number of members, ...

term of office to be de

to give security,........ 11 3 number when and how appor

signed by lot....... 5 3

Compensation of members of the Legislature, 3 6 tioned,.........

members of canal board, 5 5

of the Governor,............ 4 districts, how and when formed,

present, when to go out

of Lieutenant-Governor,..... 4 when reorganized, ..........

of office,........... 14 3

of judges of court of appeals compensation of niembers, ...... Canal Fand Commissioners. (See commission

and justices of supreme court, members not to receive State civil

ers of the canal

of county judge,........... appointments,

fund,]

Conciliation-tribunals of, may be established, 6 23 accepting U. S. office, vacates seat

Canal Board-of whom it shall consist,. 5 5 || Conciliation-not to render judginent except, of member,......

3 8

its powers and duties, ........ 5 6 election to be held in November, 39 | Chancellor-office of abolished,.....

14 8 |

Conscience-liberty of, not to excuse of licen-
to judge of qualifications, elec-
to hear causes till July, 1848...

tiousness, ...
tions, &c.,....
..... 3 10

eligible at first election, ........
to choose its own officers, ......

persons exempt from militia 3 10 vacancy in office supplied by Go

duty,.... to keep a journal and publish the

vernor and Senate,...........

Constitution-how amended, ............... 13 1 same,..................... 3 11 Chancery. [See court of chancery.]

majority of each house necesto sit with open doors, except &c. 3 11 Census of the state—when to be taken, ......

sary to propose amendments not to adjourn without consent of Clerk of the Court of Appeals-election and te

........ 13 1 the Senate,................ 3 11

nure of,..... 6 19

amendments to be published members not to be questioned

compensation, 6. 19

before election of Senators, 13 1 elsewhere for words

office to be at

inaj. of each house of next lesaid in debate,.......

seat of govern.

lature must agree to majority of. necessary to

ment,....... 6 19

amendments, ............ 13 1 pass bills, .......... 3 15

first election of, 14 4

amendments to be approved has the power of impeachment,. 6 1 Clerk of the Supreme Court-connty clerks to be, 6 19

of by a maj. of electors Arst election of members, ...... Clerks of Counties. [See county clerks. ]

voting,......

......... 13 1 Assistant Vice-Chancellor-office abolished,.. Clerk and Register of N. Y. City-election and

when to take effect, ........ 14 Attorney-General-election and tenure of of.

tenure,... 10 1 Convention to revise the Constitution, when fice,..............

how removed, to be

question to be submitted,.. compensation, not to re

heard in defence, 10 1

maj. of electors voting at the ceive fees,...........

time of election.... 10 4

election necessary ........ Commissioner of the Land-Otlice, 5

vacancy how filled, 10 5

delegates to be elected, .... 13 2 Canal Fund, 5

to hold unexpired

Congress-members of ineligible to the Legismember of the Canal Board 5 5

terms, ......... 14 10 when incumbent to go out

........

7 9 Corporations-to be formed under general Credit of the State-not to be loaned,....... of office, ............ 14 3

laws, ................... 8 Attorney, District-[see District Attorney,... 10

1 1

8 of cities and villages, to be restricted,..

by special act in certain cases, 8 1 Ayes and Noes-on final passage of bills,.... 3

Citizens—not to be disfranchised unless by law, 11 15

general laws may be altered, 8 1 to be entered on journal, ...

not to answer for crimes except on
3 15
indictments, &c.,...

dues from, how secured,.... on bills returned by Govern

defined-to sue and be sued or with objections,...... 4 9 not to be twice put in jeopardy for

in all courts, .............. on removal of judicial officers 6 11 same offence,

for banking, not to be created on certain bills to create debt 7 12 Cities-may be created by special act,....... 8 1

by special act, ........... on tax and appropriation bills 7 14 to be restricted in their powers,......

bank notes to be registered on amendments to the Con. officers of to be elected or appointed, 10 2

and secured, ... stitution, .............. 13 1 City courts. (See Courts in cities.]

stockholders in banks indiviBail-excessive not to be required, ......... 15 Crime-no one to answer except on present

dually liable to a limited exBallot-elections to be by, except for town ofments, &c.,........

tent, ................... ficers,....... ........... 2 5 Criminal Cases-no one to be a witness against

bank notes to be first paid,.. 8 8 Banking-no special charter for, to be granted, 8 4

himself,................. 1 6

restrictions on municipal,.... suspension of specie payments not Circuit Courts—any justice of supreme conrt

Corporate rights or charters not affected, .... to be sanctioned, ...... ...... 8 5

may hold terms of,........ 6 9

Corouers-election and tenure of office, .... 10 stockholders to be individually liable

1 Circuit Judge-office of abolished,.......... 14 8

Governor may remove, after to a limited extent, " eligible to office at first election, 14 9

hearing defence, ......... 10 1 bill-holders preferred in cases of inChief Judge of the Court of Appeals, ........ 6 2

time of election, ...... 10 A solvency,.......... ...... 8 8 Chief Justice of Supreme Court-how to be de

to hold unexpired terms Bank Notes or Bills-to be registered, and se

signated, .. 6 6 curity given,....... 8 6W

to preside at general terms, 6 6 4 * Same Folio as the Constitution.

......... 11

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County-not to be divided in forming Senate

Debate Legislative–Freedom of secured..... 3 12 districis except &c., ....... 3 4 Debts-obligation of, not to be impaired,.... 1 18 each county to tave member

due the State from corporaof Assembly, except Ha

tious to be enforced ...... 7 4 inilton, .......... , ................. 3 5

“ time of payment inay be exsupervisors may have power

tended, .............

7 4 of local legislation,........ | Debt-revs. of canal to pay yearly $1,300,000, not to be liable for acts of

1,700,000, 7 1 Sherifl,....... ...... 10 1

330,000, officers to be elected or ap

1,500,000, 7 2 pointed according to law,.. 10

to supply deficit in Sinking County Clerks-to be clerk of Supreme court.

Fund, ......... election, tenure of office and

pot to exceed $1,000,000,... how removed....

money borrowed, how to be time of election,....

used, .... vacancies how filled,........

tu repel invasion, repress into holel unexpired terms,....

surrection, &c., ........... County Judge-election and tenure, ........ . 6 14 Debt-movey borrowed, how to be used,... to hold county court and per.

not to create other, without form duties of surrogate,....

providing for payment,.... jurisdiction in causes arising in

not without being approved by justice's court, .............

the people,..... " in special cases, .... 614

law for, how to be passed, with two justices to hold court

and question on,.......... 7 12 of sessions, ................

6 14

may be repealed in part,.... 7 12 to receive a salary, ......... 6 14

tax for debt incurred, not reinay have equity jurisdiction

pealable, ................

7 12 conferred on .......

6 14

act to be submitted after three two officers may be created, 6 15

months, ................ how removed, ............. 6 11

but not at a general election, first election of, ...... 14 4

cities and villages to be resCounsel-party accused entitled to, ........ 1 6

tricted in creating,........ Court for the trial of impeachments-mem

Decisions-judicial to be published,........
bers of,
-.... 6 1

publication free,............
to be sworn before trial. ....

Districts, Senate, ........................ two thirds present necessary

how and when altered,....... to convict,

6 1

Districts, Assembly-how and wben altered,. 3 5 judgment,

....... 6 1

Distrtcts, Judicial; [See Judicial Districts of Court of Appeals—to have eight judges- ....

Sup. Court.) four to be elected and classi

District Attorneys-election and tenure of of. fied,...

fice, ................... 10 • selected from Supreme

Gov. may remove, to be heard court

in defence, ............... chief judge how designated,..

time of election, ........... 10 time and place of holding

incumbent, when to go out of terms, ......

office, ... writs of error and appeals to,

Divorce, not to be granted without judicial proCourt, Supreme-of law and equity,........

ceedings,... state to be divided into eight

Duration of office, when not fixed by law, .. 10 3 districts,

Elections—to be by ballot, .... four justices in each,

of inembers of the Legislature one or more chief justice to be

when held,..... designated, .......

6 6

of Gov. and Lt. Governor, :: 4 general terms held by three,

Secretary of State and other special " one,...

State officers, ............ time and place of holding

Election of sheriffs, &c., ..

....... 10 1

judges, justices of supreme who may practice in.........

court, &c., ................ 14 4 when to enter upon duties, ..

Electors-qualifications of, .......... Court Supreme, old-writs of error from to

guilty of bribery, larceny, bet. courts of appeals, ........

ting, &c., may be deprived to hear causes till July, 1848, 14 6

of right of voting, ........ vacancy to be filled, . . 14 7

what constitutes residence of, 2 3 Court of Oyer and Terminer-justice of Su

Enumeration of inhabitants, when taken,.... preme court to preside, ...

Engineer. [See State engineer and surveyor.] terms of .........

Errors-court for the correction of, business to business when transferred,...

be transf'd, ............. 6 Courts of Sessions—by whom held, ........

Erie Canal-enlargement to be completed, .. 7 3 Courts in Cities, Civil and Criminal-may be

not to be sold, leased, &c., .. 7 6 established,..

6 14

Escheat to the people, .................... | 11 uniform except in N. York and

Executive power vested in Governor, ...... 4 Buffalo,

.. 6 14

Examiner in Chancery --office abolished,.... 14 8 judges to be elected, ............. 6 17 decision may be removed to

Fees-Secretary of State not to receive, to his

use, .................... 5 1 court of appeals, .........

Comptroller, Treasurer and judges, how removed if of

Ati'y Gen'l, do............ 5 record, .................

no judicial officer to receive Courts in Cities, Civil and Criminal-not of

fees except justice of the record, .......

6 17

peace, .................. Court for the Correction of Errors--business

certain judicial officers may repending to be transferred,.

ceive till July, 1847, ..... 14 11 Court of Chancery-Appeals to court of ap

Feudal Temires--abolished, ........V...... 1 12 peals, ......

Freedoin of speech and press secured, ...... 18 to decide causes vill July,

debate in Legislature secured, 3 1948, .....

religion, .................. 1 1 3 business to be transferred,... 14

1 Fines-excessive not to be imposed,........ 5 masters in chancery to act, .. 14 6

and quarter sales to be void,. 1 15 Courts of General Sessions—business trans

5 Fund, Sinking. (See sinking fund. ] ferred. ..

[See Com. School, Literature, U. S. Deposit) Culling-officers for, abolished,

ohi Funds--00 noney paid from without appru

priation, ..... General Sessions--courts of, business trans

ferred, ................. Genesee Valley canal-to be completed, .... 7

not to be sold or leased. ..... Government expenses—froin canal revenues,

$200,000, 7
350,000, 7 3

672,500, 7 3 Governor-executive power vested in, and

term of office, .......... 4 1 who eligible, .............. 4 2 when and how elected, ..... 4 3 commander-in.chief, &c.,.... 4 4 to cominunicate by message, 4 to convene Legislature, or Se.

nate only, ............... 4 to execute laws, compensa

tion, ................... 4 to grant reprieves pardons, &c. 4 5 to suspend execution in cases

of treason, .............. to report pardons & reprieves

yearly .................. when out of State, at head of

military force, ............ not to appoint members of

Legislature to ottice,...... 3 7

to sign bills if he approve, .. If disapproved, to be returned with

objections, .................. to determine by lot the terms of

Inspectors of State Prison, .... 5 4 to fill vacancy in office, ......... 5 may suspend Treasurer, &c.,..... 5 may appoint another to perform

duties, .....................
to remove judicial officers with

consent of Senate,.......
to fill vacancy in office of judge of

court of appeals, ........
to fill vacancy in office of justice of

sup. court,...................
may remove sheriff, county clerk,

district attorney, and coroner.. 10 I inay appoint, with consent of sen

ate, Major Generals and Com

missary General, ............. 11 to nominate chancellor and justice

of sup. court, ................ 14

first election of................. 14 2 Grants-certain, with rents reserved, void, .. 1 14

from king of Great Britain,.. 1 18 Guaging-office for, abolished, ............. Habeas Corpus-not be suspended, except, &c. 1 4 Hamilton County-to elect member with Ful.

ton,.................. Impeachment-Assembly has the power of,..

judgment on conviction,.....
persons convicted liable to in-

dictment,....

(See Court for the Trial of.]
| Indictment-not to be tried without, ........ 1

persons convicted on impeach-
ment liable to, .............

6 1 Indiang--purchases of land from, void........ . 1 16 Infamous crime-not to answer for, unless on

presentment, &c., ....... persons guilty, may be de

prived of right to vote, ... Inspectors of State Prison-election and tenure

of office,....... terms to be determined by lot, to have charge of State prison, to appoint all officers therein, vacancies to be filled by Gov., when incumbents go out of

office,...... Inspections—all offices for abolished, and not

to be created,.............. 5 8 Invasions, &c.-debt may be created for,.... 711

money raised, how used,.... 7 11 Jeopardy-not to be twice put in, for same of

fence, ....................... Journuls—of each House to be kept and pub

lished, except, &c., 3 11

yeas and nays to be entered in, 3 15 Journal--objections of Gov. to be entered on, Judges of the court of uppeals-who to be, and

tenure of office, 6 2

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election of four, and

to hold unexpired terms,.... 14 10
selection of four,.. 6 2 King of Great Britain-grants of lands by....
compensation, .....
Land-ultimate property in...

1 11
election of,........
all to be allodial, ......

1 13 to hold no other office or trust, ......

certain leases over 12 years void,..... 1 14 R members of the court for the trial of

purchases trom Indians void unless, &c.
impeachments,
6 1 Land office--cornmissioners of...

5 5 votes given for, voil,...

6 8 Laws—to be enacted by bill only,.... 3 14 not to appoint to office,..

6 8

to be enforced by Governor,.. may be removed by joint resolution,

certain, to be submitted to the people to be heard in dcfence,....

6 11

mode of enacting, (See Bills.) vacancy in office to be filled by Gov. 6 13 || Law and Equity--supreme court of......... election for residue of term,..... 6 13

jurisdiction and proceedings not to receive fees,

in may be altered,...... 6 5 first election of,....

who may practice, ......... Judge of county court-election and tenure of

Lawyers--who may be,.... office,...

... 6 14 Life and Liberty-not to be deprived of withto hold county court and act as

out, &c., ....... surrogate,....

6 14 Liberty of Conscience—not to justify acts of jurisdiction in cases arising in

licentiousness, &c... 1 justice's court.......

6 14 Libel-truth to be given in evidence,....... jurisdiction in special cases,... 6 14

law and fact to be determined by the with two justices to hold court

jury. .......
of sessions.,.....

.. 6 14 Literature Fund inviolate, and revenues how
compensation
6 14 applied, .............

........
equity jurisdiction may be con-

Liability of corporators and stockholders, .... ferred on,..

6 14

in banking business limited,
two officers may be created, ..

Lieutenant-Governor-election and tenure of
how removed,...............
6 11

office, ...
first election of,...
. 14 14

qualifications and eligiJudge of the old county court-office of, abo

bility, lished,..... 14 8

President of the Senate Judgments of inferior courts in cities--may be

and casting vote...... 4 7 removed to courts of appeals, 6 21

compensation of...... Judicial officers-first election of,........... 14 4

Commissioner of the when impeached, not to act, 6 1

Land Office, ......... certain, may be removed by

of the Canal Fund..... Governor and Senate,...

Members of the Canal may be removed by joint

Board, .......... resolution,....

of the Court for the trial to be heard in defence,..

of impeachments, .... in cities and villages to be

not to sit on trial of Goelected, .............

vernor .............. not to receive fees,......

first election of, ...... those in office may receive

Legislature-what constitutes...............

compensation of members of, .. Judicial districts-of supreme court,......... 6 4

members not to receive civil
when reorganized, ........

6 16
appointments, when elected,...

3 7
may be increased or dimi.

majority constitutes a qnorum, 3 10 nished,.........

each house to determine its own each to have four justices,.. 6 16

rules,......

3 10 decreased, not to affect re

to choose its own officers,.. 3 10 moval of justices, ....... 6 16

to judge of elections, &c., .. 3 10 Jurisdiction of courts—when to be transferred, 14 5

to keep a journal, &c.,........ 3 11 of the court for the correction

to keep open doors, .......... 3 11 of errors,................

not to adjourn without consent, of law and equity, and pro

freedom of debate in, secured,.. ceedings, may be altered,.. 6 5

may confer powers of local legis. Jury-right of trial by, secured ; when waiv'd

lation, ... to assess value of property,..

to elect Gov. and Lt. Gov. in in libel cases to determine law

certain cases, ................ and fact, ................

extra session of, how called,... 4 4 Justices of the Supreme Court-number and

may altar jurisdiction and} pro. tenure of office, ..........

ceedings in law and equity.. to be elected and classified,.. 6 4

to provide for publication of laws how elected, ..............

and decisions, ..............

6 22 onu or more chief justices;..

to organize Court of Appeals,.. compensation, .............

to create corporations by general to hold no other office or

laws, ....

........ trust, .......

to provide for organization of votes given for, void,........ 6 8

cities and villages, ......... not to appoint to office,...... 6 8

to restrict the powers of cities classification, .............. 6 9

and villages, .... ........ 8 9 removal by concurrent res.,

to provide for filling vacancies in vacancy to be filled by Gov., 6 13

office, ... .......... 10 election for residue of term- 6 13

legislative term, when to comnot to receive fees,.........

mence, ..................... first election of, ..........

when to assemble,............ Justices of the old Supreme Court office of

to provide for removal of officers abolished, ..............

14 8

to declare what constitutes vato act till July, 1848,........

cancy, .... eligible at first election, .....

to fix "time for electing militia Justices of the peace-members of court of

officers, ......: ......... 11 4 ssesions, ...............

may change mode of choosing do. 11 compensation as such, ...... 6 14

to provide for delegates to conelection and tenure of office, 6 17 1

vention,...................

13 2 election to fill vacancy,...... | Local Bills-to embrace but one subject,...., 3 16 number and classification re

subject to be expressed in title, 3 16
gulated, ..................

6 17 | Local Legislation-may be conferred on super-
how removed, ...........
6 17

visors,................ 3 17

-19 coco

Lotteries prohibited,......

.......... 1 10 Majority of each House necessary to form a

quorum, 3 10

to pass bills, 3 15 Masters in Chancery-office of, abolished,.... 14 8

to act until July, 1848, 14 6 Message-Gov. to communicate by, to the Le

gislature,......................

objections to bill,.......
Measures and weights-standard of, how sup-

plied,............. Measuring-office for, abolished, and not to be

created, .................... 5 8 Militia--Governor commander-in-chief of,.... 4

to be armed and disciplined,....... 11 exemptions on religious scruples,... officers of, how chosen,............ major-generals and commissary ge

neral of, how appointed,........ adjutant-general and chiefs of staff

department, how appointed,...... time of chosing militia officers,...... officers, how commissioned,........

how removed, ............ Legislature may change mode of cho

sing officers, .... Money-not to be paid without appropriation in two years,...... .......

7 8 when borrowed how used,......... 7 10 do do

7 11 do

do ........ Municipal corporations—may be created by

special acts,...... 8 1 Legislature to provide for or

ganization of,............ 8 9 Legislature to restrict powers

of taxation, debt, &c.,.... 8 9 New-York city-Senate districts in, ....

Supreme Court judicial dis't. 6 4 may have more than four jus

tices of Supreme Court,.. 6 to have city courts, ........ courts in, to continue until

altered,,... Superior court continued until

altered,................. 14 12 Oath of office--form of, no other test required, 12 1 Offices for weighing, inspecting, &c., abolished, 5 8

not to extend to office for protecting

health, &c.,......... Officers-county, how to be elected or ap

pointed,........ city and town, how to be elected or

appointed,... other, elected or appointed as law shall

direct, ..... removal of other than judicial, local or

legislative,... militia, how chosen,..............

major generals, &c.,....
oath of,.............
tenure of, when not fixed by law or
Constitution,...

......
Oyer and terminer. [See court of.]
Pardons and commutations, &c.,..

laws may be passed regulating mode

of applying for, .........

Governor to report yearly, ......... Practice of courts to be simplified,.... Petition--right of not to be abridged, President of the Senate-Lieut.-Gov., casting

vote,........... pro. tem., when chosen, 3 10

when to act as Gov'r, 4 7 Personal liability of stockholders and corporators, none provided, unless by legislature,.. 3 2

in banking corporations limited, 8 7 Pleadings to be revised and simplified,...... 6 Political year-when to begin,.............. Property-not to be taken without process of

law, .........................

without just compensation, 1 6 value to be ascertained by jury or com’rs, 1 7

.by jury for private road, 17 public, taken for local or private purposes requires two-thirds, .....

1 9 ultimate, in lands possessed by the State, 111

rights of not affected,................ 1 18 Private Road-may be opened,............. 17

damages to be found by jury, 17

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Private or local 'Bills—to embrace but one

to keep and publish journal, and open

three-fifths to make a quorum,... 7 14 subject,.......... doors, .......

Travel of members of Legislature-compensatitle of, to state the subject, not to adjourn without consent of

tion for,. 3 6 Punishment-cruel or unusual not to be inflicted, 1

Assembly,.................

3 11 Testimony in Equity cases-how taken, ..... 6 10 Public Money or property taken for local or pri

freedom of debate secured......... 3 12 Treason-Governor inay suspend execution of vate purpose requires two-thirds, 1 majority requisite to pass bills, ..... 3 15

sentence,....................... not to be paid without appropriaquestion on bills to be taken by ayes

legislature may pardon,........... tion in two years, ...........:

Treasurer-election and tenure of office of... and nays,...................... 3 15

5 Qualification of Members and Election-each

extra session may be convened,... 47

compensation of, not to receive fees house to determine, 3 10 president of, and president pro tem., 4

Commissioner of the Land Office, 5 Quarter Sales,--to be void, ................ members of the court for the trial of

Canal Fund, 5 Question on bill to borrow money, how put,..

impeachments,.....

member of the Canal Board, .... 5 Quorum-majority of each house, ......

3 10
majority to remove judge of court of

may be suspended by Governor
three-fifths of each house required.. 7 14
appeals, &c.,................... 6

and vacancy supplied,......... Register in New-York) See clerk and register

may remove judicial officers on rec

incumbent when to go out of office, 14 of New-York city. ]

mendation of Governor,......... 6 11 Treasury-no money to be paid from without Religion-freedom in secured,.....

militia, ... 115

appropriation....... Removal-of Judges of the Court of Appeals, 6 11

Title of bills-local and private, ............

may appoint on nomination of the of Justices of the Supreme court,. 6 11

Governor, ................

Tribunals of conciliation, and powers, ....... 6 decease of districts not to effect,.. 6 16

first election of Senators, &c,..... 14 1 Town officers to be elected or appointed,.... 10 2 of Justices of the Peace, .........

6 17

incumbents when to go out of office 14 1 Three-fifths necessary for quorum, .......... 7 14 of Judges of inferior courts, if not Sessions, Court of—by whom held, .........

Two-thirds of all elected to pass certain bills,. 1 9 of record, .....:: Speaker of the Assembly-commissioner of

of all present on bill returned by if of record.... 6

the land office,.. 5 5

Governor, ........ of officers other than judicial, local

compensation of,. 3

of all present to change mode of

6
or legislative, ....

....
10 7 Speech-freedoom of, secured,............

choosing' militia officers, &c..... 11 6 Rent and Services-certain, saved and protect

. in legislative de

of all elected to remove judge or ed,....................

bate, .......

justice of supreme court, ...... Reports of decisions to be published, ....... 6 92 Specie payments of banks, not to be suspended,

8 5 United States' officers-judicial or military not Resolutions certain-law of the State, ...... 1 17

of bank bills to be secured.. 8 6

seat in Legislature, ......... Residence-of elector what shall be, Sheriff's-election and tenure of office,...... 10 1

Deposite Fund-income of how of person eligible to the office of vacancy in office of,..

applied,............. Governor, ....................

to hold no other office and ineligible

Vacancy in office of Treasurer,............. 5 7 Reprieves and pardons for offences,........

for next term,.

Judge of Court of Apmode of applying for may be reguto renew security and in default, office

peals and Justice of Sulated by law,..........::::

preme Court,.........

6 13 vacant,....................... to be communicated to the Legiscounty not to be responsible for acts

county judge in certain lature yearly,...... of,.......................

cases,.......

6 15 Revenues of Canals—to pay superintendence Governor may remove, and to be

justice of the peace, .... 6 17 and repairs, .... heard in defence, ..............

sheriffs, &c., and how fill$1,300,000 on canal debt

time of election of, ..
...... 10 4

ed till next political year, 10 5
yearly,.........;;;;
... 7 1
incumbent to held unexpired term,.

legislature to declare what $1,700,000 on canal debt Sink ing Fund-$1.300,000 from canal reve

constitutes, .......... 10 8 yearly,........... .... nues yearly,..... 7

provide for supplying,... 10 $350.000 on general fund $1,700,000 "

of present Chancellor and debt, $350.000

justices of Supreme $1,500,000 on general fund

$1,500,000
66 "

Court, .............. debt,

if deferred, interest to be com

Veto of the Governor, .... to repay deficiency in the sinking fund,

puted on, .................

Vice-Chancellor-office of, abolished,...... to pay $200,000 to expenses of govern

dues from incorporated com

Villages may be created by special acts,..... ment.......

panies, part of, .........

judicial officers in. to be elected,.... 6 18 to pay $350,000 to expenses of govern

money may be borrowed on

to be restricted in powers of taxation, 8 9

credit of, .............. ment,..........................

7 5

officers in, to be elected or appointed, 10 2 to pay $672,500 to expenses of govern

money to be repaid from ca

courts in, to continue until altered,... 14 12 ment,.....

nal revenues, .......... 7 5 Votes-certain, for members of the Legislature, Rules each house to determine its own,.... 3 10 School Fund-capital inviolate and revenues

void, .....

.............. 3 7 Salt Springs-not to be sold,

.....
7 7
how applied, .............

for Judges of the Court of Appeals, 6 8 lands contiguous, may be sold,.. 77 Suffrage-rights of, .........

Supreme Court,. 6 8 State-not to loan its credit, .......

who may be deprived of, .........

Weighing-all offices for, abolished, ......... may create $1,000,000 debt, .........

proofs of how ascertained, ........

Weights and measures-standards of, how supState engineer and Surveyor-election and ten. Suits-certain not affected, ...

plied,............. ure of office,... 5 2 Supervisors of counties to make Assembly

Witness—not incompetent on account of relito bo practical engineer... 5 2

districts, ......
...........

gious belief, .........
commissioner of land office, 5 5
of N. Y. city to make Senate districts, 3 3

not to be unreasonably detained, ..
member of canal board, ..
boards of, may have power of local

not to testify against himself in crimStatutes, certain-law of this Slate..........

legislation, .................... 3 17

nal cases,..................... to be published-publication free,.. 6

may apply for election of officers to

Writs of error to the Court of Appeals,...... 6 25 State prisons[see Inspectors of State pris

act as surrogate, &c............. 6 15 Year-political and legislative term,......... 10 6 ons.]... Supreme Court of Law and Equity. [See

Yeas and nays-[see ayes and nays.]
Secrecy of Legislative proceedings—when al-

Court, Supreme.)
lowed,.. 3 11
old. [Soe Supreme court, old.]

STATE CONSTITUTION.... ERRATA.
Secretary of State-election and tenure of office, 5 1|| Supreme Court Cominis'r-office of abolished, 14 8 | Art. 1, Sec. 7, 6th line, before word “ manner," in-
compensation, not to receive
Surrogate-county judge to perform duties of, 6 14 ||

sert word the instead of • a." fees..........

5 1

separate office in certain counties, 6 14 Sec. 11, at the end of fourth line after word "heirs," Secretary of State-commissioner of the land

in case of inability or vacancy,... 6 15 should be a comma.
office,..........
..... 5 5
how removed, .........

Art. Sec. 2, 6th line, after word “ election," and
of the canal fund, 5 5
old office of abolished,.......... 14 8

before word “from," should be a comma.
member of the canal board,
Surveyor, State. (See engineer and surveyor.)

Art. 3, Sec. 10, second line, after word "rule" add
incumbent when to go out
Surveyor General—when to go out of office,. 14 8

an s so as to read rules.
out of office,............
Taxation-certain colored persons exempt

Art. 4, sec. 6, first line, after word “Governor " Benate-number of Senators, ..............

from,................:

should be a comma. districts, .......

cities and villages to be restricted in

Art 5, Sec. 8, sixth line the word " interest" should when and how altered, not to divide

power of, ..................

read interests, and next line below the word “pros counties in forming, ............ Tax direct—to support expenses of government, 7 3

perity" should read property. compensation, ...................

to supply deficiency in Sinking * Art. 7, Sec. 3, the word and in 12th line is inserted not to receive civil appointments, ..

Fund, ...................... 7 twice, one should be struck out. accepting U. S. office vacates seat of

to be repaid from canal revenues, 7 5

Art. 11, Sec. 1, first line, the word "time" should majority to constitute a quorum..... 3 10

law to state distinctly object of,.. 7 13

read times. to determine its own rules, and judge

bill for to be passed by ayes and

Sec. 2, first line, there should be a comma after of elections, &c. ............... 3 10

nays,......

........ 7 14 W word appointed.

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