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METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS 82; 7, 82 ; 8, 81; 9, 80 1-2; 10 30, 794. Distant į 2, 81; 3, 82; 4, 80; 5,78; 6, 78; 7,76; 8, 75: 9,

thunder at 2 40 p.m. Gale of wind at 255, heavy rain 731-2; 10,72 1-2. Severe thunder storm at Chambers. Mado upon Brooklyn Heights for the month of July, 1846.

3 p.m. Galo in lat. 43 34, long. 49 41. At Westburgh Pa. Several houses struck by lightning, one

Dedham, Mass., a barn was struck by lightning and i person killed. Wednesday, July 1–4, 67 ; 5, 67; 6, 67; 7, 67;

with its contents consumed. Another barn in Dedham July 30.-4, 5, a.m., 71; 6, 72; 7,74; 8,79; 9, 8, 69; 9,70; 10,70; 11, 72; 12, 72 ; 1,73; 2, 75;

was struck. Soveral treos were also struck. A barn in 83; 10, 84; 11, 35 ; 12, 87 ; 12 30m., 89; 1, 89; 2,3, 3, 76; 4, 76: 5, 76; 6, 74 1-2 ; 7, 72; 9, 70. Rain

Abingdon was struck by lightning and destroyed. 90; 4, 89 1-2 ; 4 30m, 88; 5, 88; 6, 86; 6 30m., at Philad. at 6 P.M. Wind N. E. Rain here at 5

Also a dwelling was struck and damaged in Newport, 84; 7,83 ; 8, 82; 8 30, 82; 9 35m. 80; 10, 82: a. m. Sprinkle of rain at 7 p. m. Equilibrium ter

R. I. Also a schoonor struck and her masts shivered. 111, 80. Thunder showor at Troy in the afternoon minated at 8 a.m.

Thunder at Saltville, Va., at 5 p. m.

between 5 and 6. Thunder storm at Hancock, PeteThursday, July 2.-4 a. m. 70; 5, 70; 6, 70; 7, 73;

Monday, July 13.-4 a.m. 73; 5, 73; 7,77 ; 8,81; boro, Dublin and Rindgo, N. H. A house was struck 8, 76; 3, 78; 10. 80; 11, 82 ; 11 36, 85; 12, 83; 1,

9, 84; 10, 85; 11, 85; 12, 85% ; 1, 864; 2, 864; 3, by lightning in Hancock and the owner slightly hurt. 84; 1 30, 84; 2, 84 ; 2 34, 82 ; 3, 83 1-2 ; 3 30, 85;

85); 4, 84; 5, 82 ; 6, 80; 7, 78; 8, 77 ; 10. 74. A barn was also struck in the samo town, and with 4, 35; 4 30, 83 ; 6,80 1-2; 7,79 ; 9,76; 10,74 1-2 ;

Thunder at Saltville, Va., at 11 a. m. and rain at from its contonts consumed. A house was struck by light11,73 1-2. Fog at 5 a.m. Equilibrium last evening

11 to 12 during which time I 46-100 inches rain fell. ning in Dublin and another in Peteboro. A barn in and this morning, terminated at 7. Gale 100 miles

July 14.--4 a.m. 70; 5, 72; 6, 73; 7, 73; 7 40, Rindge was struck and burnt down. west of the south west Pass.

73; 8,71; 9, 74; 10, 74; 11, 76 ; 12,78; 1, 80; 2, July 31.-4 a.m. 75; 5, 76; 6, 76 1-2; 7, 78; 8, July 3.-4, 5, 6, and 7 a.m. 69 1-2; 8, 9, and 10,

81; 3,81$; 4, 801 : 5,80; 6,77}; 7, 76; 8, 74; 9, 81; 9, 84; 10, 86 ; 11, 86; 11 30m,, 86; 12, 88 ; 1, 71; 11,70; 12, 72; 1,71 1-2; 2, 72; 3, 73 ; 4, 73 ;

72. Cloudy and windy at 6 a.m. Rain at 7 and wind 87 1-2 ; 2 10m. 89 ; 230m. 86; 3, 84; 4,81; 5,80 ; 5,72; 6, 71; 6 30, 69 1-2; 7, 70; 8, 68; 9, 65 1-2. from north west.

6,81; 7,80 ; 8, 78 ; 9, 76 1-2 ; 10, 76. Rain at 11 Cloudy and windy all day. Rain at half-past six

July 15.—4 a. m. 62; 5, 63; 6, 63; 7, 63 ; 8, 68 ; || a. m. Thunder at 2 p. m. Heavy rain and wind at o'clock P. M. Brig Colimbia struck by lightning

9, 71; 10, 72; 11, 73; 12, 72}; 1, 2, 3, 4, 73; 5, 6, 2 p. m. Thunder storm at Richmond, Va. Also at when 60 miles from the Belize. 6 men aloftreefing sails 72; 7, 68; 8,68; 9, 64 ; 10, 614; 11, 61.

Norfolk, Va. House struck at Norfolk, Blacksmith were thrown into the sea by the lightning, the mast of the

July 16.-4 a.m. 58; 5, 58; 6, 61; 7, 64 ; 8, 67 ; || shop struck at the Navy Yard. The National Hotel vessel shivered, -the lightning descended into the

9,69 ; 10, 11, 12, 1,72; 2, 74; 3, 74; 4, 72; 5, 71; struck in Norfolk and some of the wires melted. hold, and set the vessel on fire, the captain was the

6, 68; 7,67 ; 8, 66;9, 64%; 10 20, 613; 11, 61.only person on board saved. Gale at New-Orleans.

Equilibrium July 4, 4, 5, 6, 6 30, and 7 a. m. 65 1-3 ; 8, 66

THUNDER STORM IN BALTIMORE. July 17.-4 a. m. 61 ; 6, 61; 7, 61; 8, 62; 9, 63; 1-2; 9, 10, 11, 12, 1, 2, 67 ; 3, 4, 5, 6, 66 1-2; 7,68 ; 10, 65; 11, 65 ; 12, 65; 1, 66 ; 2, 68; 2 30, 67 ; 3,

A violent thunder-storm, accompanied by vivid 8, 67 ; 9, 67. Rain at 7 a.m. partly over at 9. Rain 67: 4, 66; 6, 64; 7, 64; 8, 64; 9, 62; 11, 60. A

flashes of lightning and a heavy rain, passed over our at 3 and 4 P. M. Gale at New-Orleans all day, 20 hail storm about three quarters of a mile wide passed

city yesterday afternoon between two and three Flat-boats destroyed. Rain at Utica, Albany and over the townships of Monroe, Brooks, Jackson and

o'clock. The brig Juliet, lying at Flannagan's wharf, Buffalo. Fair weather at Rochester. Equilibrium. Thorndike in Waldo County state of Maine.

was struck by the fluid and had her mainmast much July 5–4, 6, a.m. 66 1-2; 6, 7, 68; 8, 72; 9, 71;

July 18.-4,5, 6, a. m. 58 ; 7,60; 9, 63; 10, 65 ;

shattered ; a schooner lying at Corner's wharf, had 9 30, 73; 11, 78; 11 45, 79; 12,78; 1,82; 130.84; 11, 64; 12, 65; 1, 684 ; 2, 67}; 3, 67 ; 4, 5, 68; 6,

both of her masts injured ; Samuel McLean and two 2, 83 1-2; 3, 83; 330, 84; 4,84 ; 5,83; 5 20,81 1-2 ; 7, 67 ; 8, 9, 66. Sprinkle of rain at 11 a.m.

other laborers, who were engaged in loading her, 6 15,79 1-2; 7,79; 9,77 ; 10,76. Rain at 6 a. m.

July 19.-4, 5, 6, 7, a. m. 64; 8,66; 9, 10, 67 ;

were knocked down and stunned. The Farmers' and Thunder gust at 5 p.m. Thunder storm at Albany. 11, 683; 12,70; 1,72; 2,73; 2 30m., 74; 3, 4, 5,

Planters' Bank in South street, the store of Mr. Sloop Genesee struck by lightning, shivered the masts 73; 6, 72; 7,71; 8, 69; 9, and 10,684. Great rain

Joshua Royston in Baltimore street, and the house at from the top to the deck. The vessel was loaded with storm at Brazos Island.

the corner of Gay and Front streets, commonly known pig iron.

Monday, July 20.-4, 5, a. m. 66; 6, 67; 7, 68; 8,

as the Stone Tavern," were also struck and more or Monday July 6.-4,5,6, a.m. 72; 7,75; 8, 78; 9, 70; 9, 75; 10, 76; 11,78.4; 1, 79; 2, 78; 3, 77 ; 4,

less injured. 83; 10, 85; 11, 86 1.2; 12, 87 1-2; 1,88; 2, 87 1-2 ; 76; 5,73; 6, 72; 7, 701; 8, 68; 9, 68. Rain at 5

During the storm, hail-stones, of the size of a small 2 30m. 88 1-2 ; 3, 87; 3 30m., 88 ; 4, 86 ; 4 30m., a. m. Equilibrium.

marble, fell in abundance. 86 1-2 ; 5 30, 85; 6, 82 1-2 ; 6 30, 81 1-2; 7,80; 7 40,

July 21.-4, 5, 6, 7,68; 8, 9, 70; 10.71; 11, 73;

We also learn that the City Mills, on Calvert street, 76; 8, 76; 9,74. Cloudy in west at 5 a.m. Rain at 12, 75; 1, 76; 1 15m., 78; 2, 773; 3, 79; 4, 77;

were struck by lightning and considerably injured. 6 p.m. Wind gust at 7. Lightning at 10 minutes past 5, 76 ; 6, 74; 7, 73; 8, 73; 9, 71. Heavy rain

A German, whose name we could not ascertain, 7. Clear at 9. during the night.

was struok by lightning and killed. He had, with July 7-4a.m. 70; 5, 71; 6,70; 9,78 1-2 ; 10,82 ;

July 22.-4,5, a. m. 69; 6, 70; 7, 8, 704; 9, 73;

two others, gone under the Belvidere bridge for shel11,82; 11 30, 83; 12,83; 1,84; 2, 84 1-2; 3,84 ; 4, 10,77 ; 11,78; 12,77 ; 1, 77 1-2; 2, 76; 3,75; 4,

ter from the rain, when the lightning passed through 83 1-2 ; 5, 82 1-2 ; 6,80; 7,78; 8,76; 9,74; 10,72. 74; 5, 73; 6, 72; 7,71; 8, 70; 9, 69 1-2. Heavy

his hat, tearing it to pieces, and instantly killing him. Heavy rain at 6 a. m. Thunder and lightning during rain at 5 and to 6 a.m. Rain and wind at 4 and 5

His two companions, though sitting in close proximi. the night. Whirlwind in the Gulf-stream lat. 37 25, p. m. Great flood at Weston, Lewis County, Virginia.

ty to him at the time, escaped without injury. long. 69, 30. Lucy Ann arrived at Pernambuco expe. Equilibrium.

A fine large dog, belonging to Mr. Laroque, drugrienced a hurricane this day for four hours. Steamer

July 23.-4 a. m. 69 1-2 ; 5. 69: 6. 68: 7. 70: 8. gist, was also struck by the lightning and killed. St. Lawrence struck by a squall on Lake Ontario. 72; 9,76; 10, 77 1-2; 11,79; 12, 79; 1,82; 2,81;

We also hear of much damage having resulted July 8–4, 62; 5, 62; 6,64; 7,70; 8,74 1-2; 9,77; 3, 77 ; 4, 77; 5,77 ; 6, 76; 7, 75; 8,73; 9,72; 11,

from the flood caused by the large quantity of rain 10,76; 11,79 ; 1,81; 2. 81 1-2 ; 3, 82 ; 4,82; 5,80; 70. Heavy rain during last night. In latitude 390,

that fell. In Calvert street, near Centre street, two 6, 80; 7,76; 8,75; 9,73 1-2; 10.71 1-2. longitude 10, brig Mary Ellen struck by lightning,

large breaches were made in the street, one of them July 9,-4, 66 1-2 ; 5, 67; 6, 69; 7, 71; 8,75 ; 10, shivered the mainmast and knocked down the first

being about thirty feet wide, and fifteen or twenty 82; 11, 82; 12, 84; 1, 85:1 30, 86 1-2 ; 2, 86 1-2; officer and man at the wheel. Great freshet on the

deep. The gable end of a new house building in 3,88; 4, 88 ; 5,85 1-2 ; 6, 84; 7,81; 8,79;9,77 1.2; Monongahela. Barn struck by lightning and burnt

Monument street, was prostrated during the storm. 10, 761-2. down at Hagerstown, Md.

Chatsworth Run also overflowed its bounds, and del. Friday, July 10th, 4 o'clock, A.M. 73; 5,73; 6,74; July 24.- 4, 5, 6, a.m. 69; 7,70; 8,71;9, 10, 11,

uged all the cellars in its vicinity. The foundation of 7, 77 ; 8, 82; 9, 87 ; 10, 87 1-2; 11, 87 1.2; 12 12,73; 1,73; 2 15m., 3, 4,784;5,78; 6,76; 7,75; 8,

a brick house at the corner of Chatsworth and Mul. 91; 12 20, 92; 1, 93; 1, 20, 94; 2, 94; 3, 94; 3 75; 8 30m., 74; 8 45m., 73. Lightning at 7 P. M.,

berry streets, was so seriously underinined by the 40, 94; 4.93; 5, 91 1-2 ; 6,90; 7, 88$; 8, 88; 9, 86 rain at 8 30 P. M. Squall in Baltimore Harbor.

rush of the water, that fears of its falling are enter1-2; 10, 84. Violent storm of wind, rain, thunder Thunder storm at Washington city. David Fry killed

tained. In the vicinity of Vine street, and also at vaand lightning at Colborne, Upper Canada. Lightning by lightning near Washington.

rious points in the city, we hear that much damage cloud in sight on the edge of the horizon in the west July 25.-4 a.m. 691 ; 5, 6, 70; 7,72 ; 8, 78; 9,

took place, the particulars of which we have not yet from Brooklyn Heights in the evening after sunset. 79; 10, 774; 11,803; 12,81; 1,821 ; 2, 82; 3,83% ;

learned. Some idea of the body and force of the Saturday, 11th, 4 A. M. 78; 5, 78; 6,79; 7, 82 ; 4, 84; 5, 824 ; 6, 80.}; 7, 78; 8, 76: 9, 734. At

water may be gathered from the fact that one of the Woodstock and Zoxa, Upper Canada, a terrible storm

large slabs which covers the sewer in Light, near 8, 86; 9, 91; 10, 90; 11, 91 1-2; 11 30, 90; 12,

Pratt street, was displaced from its foundation and of wind, lightning, thunder and rain was experienced, 91 1-2; 1,91 1-2; 2 92; 2 30,94 ; 3, 93; 3 15, 931; several trees struck by lightning one of which was set

thrown on to the next slab by the force of the vol3 30 94; 4,94; 5, 91 ; 5 30, 891; 6, 88; 7,87; 9, on fire and consumed.

ume of water passing underneath. 86. Thunder shower at Springfield, near Cooperstown.

The scene in the Magnetic Telegraph office at Bal

July 26.-42 m. 67} ; 6. 67); 7, 67}; 8, 70; 9, A lad killed by lightning while under an elm tree. A squall at Scituate, near Boston. Mr. Underhill's house,

72; 10, 744; 12,78; 1,78; 2,76; 3, 77: 4, 73; 4 timore during the prevalence of the storm of Friday 3 miles east of the Brooklyn ferry, struck by light

30; 72; 5,71; 6, 7, 71; 8, 70.3 ; 9, 698; 10, 69%; afternoon, Angust 7th, is represented to have been ning about 11 p.m. Thunder storm at Syracuse at rain squall at 4 P. M. Equilibrium.

fearfully sublime. The electric fuid with which the 4 P. M. The whole northern horizon as seen from

Monday, July 27.-4, 5, 6, 7. a.m. 69; 8, 71; 9, clouds were charged, took complete possession of the Brooklyn Heights, was in a constant blaze with light72; 10, 74; 11, 77; 12, 78; 1, 80; 2, 80; 3 30,77};

Magnetic Telegraph lines, rendering them entirely ning in chains and sheets during the entire evening.

4, 78; 5, 78; 6, 75; 7,73; 9, 71}; 10, 69]. Thun

1 unmanageable in the hands of the operators. The Great number of persons died in New York, Boston, der cloud in sight.

lightning could be seen continually playing around Philadelphia. Baltimore and other places, from the July 28.—4, 5, 6, a m. 66; 7, 68; 8, 72; 9, 77;

the instruments, and at one time a ball of fire, appaeffects of heat this day and yesterday. 10, 761; 11, 754; 12,78; 1, 80; 2,79; 3,78; 4,77;

rently several inches in circumference, came on the 5, 76; 6, 72; 7, 70; 8,71; 9, 69 1-2; 10, 68.

Washington wires, and exploded with a loud report. Sunday July 12, 4 A.M. 80; 5,78 1-2;6, 80; 8, 87;

One of the operators had a narrow escape at the time. 9, 89 1-2; 10, 90; 11, 90; 12, 91; 1, 91 1-2; 2, 93 03 Squall at 9 a.m. dense fog at 7 a.m. Equilibrium.

as he had his hand raised to touch the instrument 1-2; 2 30, 94; 2 40, 2; 2 55,90; 3,87; 3 5,85; July 29,44 a. m. 68 ; 5, 68; 6,69; 6 30, 70; 7, |

when the fluid came in.-Balt. American, of Satur3 15, 84 ; 3, 30, 82; 3 45, 81; 4 80; 4 20, 82; 6, !| 71 1-2; 8,73; 9,75; 10,77 ; 11.76 ; 12,77; 1, 81; day. Aug. 8.

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SOUTH WESTERN MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA. vernment toward Mexico, to approve of. In my I shall be most happy to hear from you whenever

opinion, our treatment of that feeble nation, weaken you can afford leisure to write.
Copy of a Letter from Thos. Spencer, Esq.
ed by intestine broils, is utterly unworthy of a great

Yours, &c.
Saltville, August 2, 1846.
and powerful people, as we claim to be. This Mex-

W. P. MILNER. Dear Sir:

ican war will be a dark spot upon the page of our July 7.-6 a.m 70, light east wind ; 7, 72, calm; Your interesting letter of 17th ult. reached me by

history, which cannot be "expunged.” It was a piti | 11, 81, w. by 8.; noon 82, w. by s.; 1 p.m. 83, w. due course of mail. I delayed my reply until the

ful and mean pretence of ours, and utterly unworthy | by B. ; 3 40, 88, calm ; 4 35, 87, w. by s. clear; 7, 78 close of the month, with the intention of sending you

of that high character that we ought to desire, to as calm ; 9, 72, lt. w. by 8. Mr. King's meteorlogical table for July, but have fi.

sume that we were attacked, when we had sent a July 8.-430 e.m. 63; lt. w. by 8.; 6 a.m. 65; 7, nally concluded not to do so, as you will be furnished

military force into a territory which is acknowledged 68 ; 9,74; 11,77 wind east; 1, 81 calm ; 7,78 calm ; by Mr. Wm. P. Milner, with his observations taken

to be of doubtful ownership. We have not only dis- li 9,71 calm. at this place for the same period, and which, in addi.

played no magnanimity towards that feeble power, 9th.—130 a.m. 60 foggy and calm; 6, 60; 7, 68, tion to the temperature as marked by the thermomebut justice and right is entirely lost sight of. A reck

calm ; 1,83, lt. e. wind ; 4, 88, calm; 6 30, 86, calm; ter, also notes the quantity of rain which has fallen less spirit of conquest has possessed the minds of the

7, 78, calm ; 9,75 calm. on each day during the month, as indicated by the

American people, and to cap the climax of their folly, 10th.—6 a. m. 68, calm, foggy; 7, 70, calm ; 11, rain-gauge which you procured for him in New-York.

thousands are already clamorous for the nomination 82, calm ; 1, 88 calm ; 7, 82 ; It. e. wind ; 9, 73, vaYou will perceive that the quantity of rain which

of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency, simply because he riable.. has fallen, is large-rather more than five inches. I

has the single merit of butchering a few hundred 11th.—6 30, 68 calm and foggy ; 7,70, calm ; noon am informed, however, that the present summer has | Mexicans by order of our government.

68, light breeze e. ; 1, 90, calm ; 4, 89, It. e.: 6, 84, been unusually wet-at any rate, it has been so much

If this spirit of conquest is not quenched, and this

It. e. ; 7, 78, calm; 9. 74, variable. so, as to seriously interfere with securing the crops of

war speedily brought to a close, the fate of those ke. 12th.—7 a.m. 72, lt. e. ; 9, 80, lt. and variable ; 10, grass and oats. During the wheat-harvest, the wea.

publics which have existed, and are not, must inevi. 82, 8. W.; 11, 84, 8. W.; noon 85, s. w. ; 1, 87, s. ther was more pleasant. The corri•crop promises a tably be ours.

w. ; 2, 87, s. w.; 3, 88, calm ; 5, 87, 8. W., thunder; very abundant harvest; and in fact, all kinds of ve.

Mr. Milner has promised to hand me his meteor- il 7, 80, calm ; 9, 77, calm. getation is more prolific and abundant than I ever

logical table, before the mail closes, to send you 13th.-6, 72, lt, e., foggy ; 7. 73, s. w.; 11, thunbefore witnessed. The forest trees, also, are clothed herewith.

der, wind s. w. clouds rising, 11 to 12 rain 1 46-100, with a prodigious quantity of foliage, of a deep green

I shall be pleased to hear from you often.

wind s. w.; 1, 73, calm; 2, 76 clear, wind e. ; 7, hue, and · All nature—from above, beneath, around;

Truly yours,

75. w.; 9,73, calm, rain at night 13-100. without a voice, and without a sound-proclaims, o

THOS. SPENCER. Clear sky during whole week in daylight, except God! thou art!'

E. Meriam, Esq.

from 10 a.m. to 2 p. m. on the 13th. Since last I wrote you, the mother of our esteemed

27th July-temperature of salt water, tested at and mutual friend, Thos. L. Preston, has been num Copy of a Letter from W. P, Milner, Esq.

pump, 56o. bered with the dead. She expired very suddenly on

Saltville, Va., 26 July, 1846. the morning of the 23d ultimo, at her residence at Dear Sir, I have the pleasure of receiving occa

Copy of a letter from J. E. Bloomfield, Esq. Abingdon, sixteen miles from this place. She arose sionally a paper from you-one, the “Farmer and

Oswego, Aug. 13, 1846. very early in the morning, apparently in her usual Mechanic," of 16th inst., by yesterday's mail, for

Mr. E. Meriam : health, and was preparing to come to this place

which, please accept my thanks. I commenced my Dear Sir-I have received, and thank you for the during the day to visit her son, and spend a few

meteorlogical table on the 1st which shall be forwarded last number of your Municipal Gazette. Your obserweeks with him; but before breakfast was announced

you at the expiration of the month. The periods at vations made on Brooklyn Heights, on the equilibrium she reposed upon a bed, complained of feeling ill,

which I have taken the temperature, regularly are 7 of the atmosphere, go far to establish your theory. and expired almost instantly. She was a lady of rare

a. m., 1 p. m., 7 p. m., and 9 p.m. It has occasion. You certainly deserve credit for your perseverance, endowments; and although sixty-eight years of age,

ally happened, however, that I have made them more although in this respect it is no new trait in your chashe possessed a mind of uncommon vigor. Amiable

frequently and as such was the case on the days noticed racter. in her disposition, she was affable and courteous in | by you in the paper above alluded to, I give you my

I promised you a letter from here, and am remind. her intercourse with all; and all who knew her, lamemoranda for the week including those days, i.

ed of it by seeing a communication by Mr. Levi Disment her death. I had a short acquaintance with e. from 7 to 13 inclusive.

brow, relative to his boring for salt at Little Sodus her, but it was sufficiently long to discover that she

Mr. Spencer received yesterday a letter from you Bay to the depth of 316 feet. I have just learned from was possessed of many and rare virtues. in which he informs me you express surprise at the

Mr. Morgan, (connected with the United States fort at Mrs. Preston was the daughter of Brigadier Gen'l temperature of the salt water, as reported by Mr.

this place,) that it was Mr. Disbrow who essayed to Wm. Campbell, of revolutionary memory; and her King, and its difference from that reported by Mr.

get water in the fort for the U. S. Government. It is mother was a sister of Patrick Henry. Her extensive Fiudlay in 1844. I have made reference to your letter

exceedingly to be regretted that the experiment was plantation at this place, including the salt-works, she of June 3, 1844, in which I find the following enquiry,

suspended after $3000 was expended in reaching the has bequeathed to her three sons, the Hon. Wm. C. “ I should like to know the temperature of your wells,

depth of 313 feet, as I learn that geologists say the class Preston, now of S. Carolina, John S. Preston, of Louisi

in summer, and if there is any difference from that of rock encountered is the metalliferous, or hard-grit ana, and Thos. L. Preston, of this place,--subject, I of the 31st of January, which you sent me." Upon

bluish sand-stone. believe, to some annuities to be paid to her daughters that letter I made the following memorandum :

The level or esplanade of the fort is 50 feet above and grandchildren. She has also bequeathed to her son,

Sept. 9, 1844.—Salt water temp. 56°, atmosphere the Lake where the boring was commenced. The Thomas L., her family residence at Abingdon. It is 78°, fresh springs 60°. Specific gravity salt water

first 42 feet was through a peculiar hard blue indurated a princely establishment, and cost, as I am informed. 230.

earth, of clay, gravel and sand, and with which, I beabout fifty thousand dollars. The balance of her es. I do not think this answer to your question was ever

lieve, you are well acquainted. At the depth of 42 ft. tate she distributed among her numerous heirs.

furnished you. Your letter was to Mr. Findlay, and the rock was struck 8 feet above the level of the lake. At your request, I have tested the temperature of I think he was absent at the time of its receipt. I

This rock corresponds with the same class on the west our brine as it is pumped from the well, and find it shall take the temperature of the water in the morning

side of the river, where the old French fort was situto be 570. The strength is 96° by the salometer. by the same thermometer and send you the result

ated at the foot of First street, where you may recollect I should have weighed a gallon of the brine as you with this letter. The quantity of rain fallen during

Mr. Varick built his marine railway. After leaving the desired, to ascertain its specific gravity, but I could this month up to 12 o'clock to-day is 4 76-100.

earth excavation, Mr. D. proceeded 260 feet below the not find a gallon measure in Saltville. We have sent

Mr. Spencer or myself will by next weeks mail

level of the lake, through solid rock, increasing appato Abingdon for one, but it has not arrived. The send you the weight of a gallon of salt water.

rently, as Mr. Morgan states, in hardness, as he descendbrick which were made of the ground fire-rock, do

The frame of Mr. Preston's new furnace and salt

ed. For the last 100 feet, he received $12 per foot; not stand so great a degree of heat as we had hoped. rooms is now up. The furnace will be in operation

and although he used drills commencing with 800 lbs. They appeared exceeding well when taken from the about the 15th of Sept. When it is, I purpose taking

weight, increasing up to 1200 lbs. towards the last, he kiln, and resembled the fire-brick which I have seen occasionally the temperature of the salt water from

could only pound out about two inches per day. Very in New-York ; but by submitting them to the heat of his well. I shall next month move my thermometer

little water came in ; and, I learn, the capacity of the a blacksmiths' forge, they melted nearly as quick as to Mr P.'s Office, when I hope with the assistance

well is about 60 gallons in 24 hours, of very inferior common brick; the latter melting in seven minutes, of one of the gents there, to make notices of tempera

quality. Two other wells have been sunk short disand the former in seven minutes and a half. This, I ture more frequently.

tances in the earth in the fort, yielding almost the same think, is proof that the fire-rock, as it is called here,

quantity of water as the well sunk 313 feet, and as obis not the soap-stone, as some suppose.

Have you noticed in Capt. Fremont's expedition to

served, 260 feet in the solid rock, and this too within I perceive that the Convention are making but lit. || Oregon and N. California, his reference to the great

almost biscuit throw of the lake. tle progress in revising the Constitution of New-York. salt lake in lat. 41° 10' 42", long. 1120 21' 05". An

We have had a very dry time for the last seven to It seems to me that there are too many men in its analysis of the salt (5 gall. water, roughly evaporated

eight weeks—hardly a shower. Last Saturday, the composition who love to talk for political effect. I over a camp fire, produced 14 pints of “ very fine

8th, it commenced to rain slightly, but in the night and hope, however, that the majority possess sufficient grained, and very white salt, of which the whole lake

Sunday we had a fine rain. The crops, however, have good sense to correct many of the existing evils; and may be regarded as a saturated solution.") produced

not suffered, and the corn is now fine. that before they adjourn, they will be prepared to as follows—Chloride of sodium 97.80. Do. calcium

I believe I have personally explained to you the present such a constitution as the people require. 0.61. Do. Magneisum 0.24. Sulphate of soda 0.23.

effect of the cold air during the spring and summer esI perceive by the newspapers that a regiment has Do. lime 1.12. Parts 100.

caping from the Lake, producing a continuance of norbeen raised in New-York for the conquest of Califor. Upon the same page (158) in his report he mentions therly and north-westerly winds, rushing to your heatnia. I may be regarded as unpatriotic, when I say, the existence of "immense beds of rock salt, not far | ed atmosphere, having a most delightful effect on that I can discover nothing in the conduct of our go. | from this salt lake."

this climate. There has been but four or five days du

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ring the last two months, but that a blanket was accept ter wheat, but all kinds of spring crops are parched England and Ireland ; since then, disease has seized able at night. From the great depth of Lake Ontario, up with the drouth; you would think the fire had run upon the food of man, and has been spread as far as it takes a long time in the fall to expel our summer | through our pastures: the late rains will do much the seed thus affected has been used. heats. The result is, late and fine falls, free from frost, and often into December. This, as observed, arises

LIGHTNING. from the summer heat escaping from the Lake, while # No rain fell at Mackinaw between the 4th of the winter cold on the water produces au ostensible ef | July and the 11th of August.

Æronatic.-Mr. Wise made an ascension from West fect on this deep Lake, by causing a Lake breeze from Lake Erie is 10 inches below its usual level. Prior

Chester, Pa., last Saturday, about the time of the the north towards the land. This makes the farms near to Aug. 10. there had been a succession of rains for

heavy thunder storm. As he was descending, he the Lake admirably adapted to peaches, pears, qninces the last 16 days at Natchez. 5,75-100 inches fell at

says, a flash of lightning hurled the balloon against a and apples, while the plum grows wild and of a very Flatbush, L. I., in July, and 5,07-100 at Saltville in

large tree, and what appeared to me remarkable, no good quality. Va., in the same time.

loud report accompanied it. “The fire sparks flashed A trip the last week by Mexico up into the town of | The fall of rain in Philadelphia during the month

upon my flag, and shook it out of my basket, and the Parish, (formerly a part of that township of Mexico,) of July was 4.60 * 100 inches.

noise resembled that which takes place when a whiteafter six years' absence, gave me the opportunity to

hot piece of iron is struck with the blacksmith's hamjudge of their agricultural improvement. The change

mer.”Jour. Com. Aug. 13. from raising grain, to grass for the dairy, for which this


Telegraph struck by Lightning.–We learn from whole region up to Lewis and Jefferson county is ad We extract from a letter dated on board of Frigate

Mr. Bannard, conductor upon the railroad, that the wires mirable, is making the farmers rich. To use an ex

of the Telegraph were struck by lightning on Sunday | Congress, off Cape Horn, Feb. 20, 1816, addressed pressive yankee term, they have began to slick up'

afternoon, Aug. 8, about three miles west of Auburn. their farms, and now the old log-huts have began to

to the editors of the Journal of Commerce, and pub The fluid followed the wire into the Auburn station, make way for the neat gable-end story and a ball farm. lished in that Journal on the 28th of July, as follows;

and actually burned up a considerable, part of the house, with its portico and Venetian windows. This is

magnet, and the fixtures attached, and cutting the

“We have here 15 hours of sunlight, four of twilight produced by raising butter for the New-York market.

vires encircling the soft iron, into almost a thousand and five of darkness. The constellations have a mag. The whole of this region is well watered with trout

pieces.-Roch. Adv. [3 miles.-Ep.] nitude, intensity and breadth of light unknown in our streams, a fish the best judge of good spring, and I may

On Thursday afternoon, Aug. 12, the operator at the hemisphere. Every star flames out of the blue vault add, soft water.

Telegraphic station at Auburn was visited by a large ball like an independent sun. We must have been one In this, formerly called, wooden country, I was as.

of fire, which landed on his table, followed by a renight in the vicinity of an iceberg. Our thermometer tonished to find the tract of land I visited was plundered

port as if a musket had been fired in the room. This fell in a few hours ten degress. The night was one of of hemlock timber! to make salt barrels for Salina.

arose from a thunder-storm, which seemed to occupy the darkest we have experienced ; not a ray of light The black-ash swales that used to abound in this re

only the northern part of the heavens, while the sun could straggle down through the black masses of cloud gion-Constantia, Amboy and other eastern towns of

was shining, and in the southern sky there was but that overhung us, the sea was running high, our ship this county, have began to disappear, as they are used

little indication of a storm. rolling her guns under, and the next plunge she made to hoop some 300,000 barrels rised at the salt works,

Killed by Lightning.-Mr. Willis Siedner, was might bring her, for aught we could tell, against the and a like number of barrels for flourused by the millers

killed by lightning at Vinegar Hill, near Galena, III., unseen mountain of ice. But we escaped it, day at this place, who, by the by, have a decided advantage

on the 27th ult. He had a grain-cradle on his shoulder dawned and found us floating. in their position and water power of Oswego over those

When the bolt came, it is supposed that the scythe

" But of all the objects of nature here, the most inof Rochester, where, I learn, they are entirely aground teresting is the Albatross. This noble bird resembles

attracted the Huid, which passed thence to Mr. S. He for water; in fact, I was told by a gentlemen from Ro

was instantly prostrated to the earth, but attempted in size and shape, the Swan. The body is white as chester this week, that the Genesee River would not

to rise, spoke once, and immediately died.—Jour. the driven snow, the wings black as the Raven's. The supply a good gang of saws. The Oswego River being

Com. Aug. 13. head has the baldness of the Eagle, and the eye the the outlet of nine lakes, and drains a large surface of same flashing defiance. Their wings are long, large

Four persons prostrated by Lightning, on Friday country, gives an inexhaustible supply. There is 100

Aug. 7- Miraculous Escape.-A dark cloud, which and arching, upon these they balance themselves like feet fall in 10 miles from Fulton to this place, with per

had let down quite a refreshing shower as it passed the hawk, and without once striking the air, sweep manent dams built by the State to supply the Oswego

over our city on Friday last, about 7 o'clock, lowered through their vast circuit. They voyage hundreds of Canal with water, by the combined operation of Ri

for a while. (says yesterday's Republican.) over that miles at sea, and out of that great element obtain their ver and Canal navigation. This old-fashioned class food. We captured one by means of a hook, attached

part of Church' hill, known as Shed-town, where it of internal improvement, (so admirable when in

sent forth a stream of lightning, striking the house of to a long line, baited, and buoyed by a cork. As troduced by the Duke of Bridgwater in England, and

Mrs. McHenry, and prostrating four persons who were we drew him toward the ship, his female companion General Schuyler, in this country in 1793-4, to pass followed close at his side, and we listed him in, she

passing at the time in front of the building. The the Little Falls and other points on the Mohawk to still hung around the ship. Having satisfied our cu

house was a good deal damaged, though we are glau Wood Creek, near Rome, from thence falling into

to learn the persons struck made a miraculous escape riosity, we let him go, when she flew to him with the Oneida Lake, and finally into this Lake,) is about to

with their lives. livcliest expression of joy. What a lesson to those be superceded by the better improvement of the who forsake a friend in adversity."

Mrs. Philip White and child, another lady, whose age''-a railway to Syracuse. Mr. 8. Whipple, with

name we did not learn, and Mr. Adkins were passing a party of engineers, are now conducting the surveys

The officers of the Congress did well in giving the

Mrs. McHenry's at the time, and were all brought to for this object, under the direction of Mr. Edwin F. || noble aquatic fowl its liberty-in restoring him to his the ground. Adkins was struck in the breast, but Johnson. This is the true way “to head off Boston ;'' mate. It was a noble act and will be a source of strange to say, the fluid glanced, passing down his and I trust ere long your merchants will find it oui. more abiding consolation, than all the victories which

arms and uff his hands. He was knocked senseless The passage of the transit or drawback law by

at the time, but was restored partially by the free use the late Congress, permitting the Canadians to pass they have ever gained in inhuman combat.

of cold water. Two physicians have been since in their wheat, four, provisions, timber, &c. through

attendance, and it is thought he will recover from the this place for export at N. York, is destined to make

A letter to the editors of the Journal of Com

effects of the accident. The ladies and child were a great change in the course of trade. You forget that Niagara Falls is obliterated on the map of com

doing well at last accounts. No occupant of the merce, and published in that paper of the 5th inst., merce.

house struck, was injured, yet the lightning is written on board the U. S. Frigate Congress, at CalThe short Welland Canal, with trilling tolls,

lao, May 5, 1846, states : saves 150 miles of tolls on our Grand Canal ; in fact,

said to have taken a most circuitous course through this place is only 183 miles by railway to tide waters,

“The thermometer in Lima seldom fell below 65,

the building.-Rich. Enq. Aug. 11.

Struck by Lightning.-On Sunday, August 9th, duand rarely ascends above 82. These are singular with a rise of only 420 feet to overcome instead of from 1500 to 2600 feet summits, by eastern and south

facts, but not more so than the notorious one that it ring the severe storm, Mr. Jacob Kneedler, while sit

never rains here. The vapours as they ascend from ting at the window of his residence, in Seventh st., Arn routes to the Lakes. These facts, not to be dispated, tells the tale the course of commerce must

the sea, are attached to the summits of the Cordilleras, near Brown, was struck by lightning, which knocked take. Will the citizens of New-York direct their

where they are condensed into showers—but on the him senseless, and for some time he appeared to be in

line of the coast which lies between the sea and the base first attention this way, to prevent their trade be

a very dangerous situation. Dr. Charles M. Griffith ing seriously tapped by Boston at Ogdensburg. This,

of these stupendous mountains, the rain never falls. All was sent for, and after skilfully administering remeeastern enterprize will accomplish, they say, (and I

agriculture is the result of artificial irrigation, but the dies, Mr. Kneedler partially recovered, and ever since believe them,) in three years, and nothing will stop or

frequent and full streams flowing from the Cordille he has been improving. The strongest belief is exretard them.

ras, make this comparatively easy. The climate of pressed that he will be fully restored to health. The

Peru has a singular effect on the color of the different
Yours, truly,

lightning also set fire to a bed in the room, which
races--it bleaches the black man into the mulatto,
J. E. B.

was but slightly damaged.-Phila. U.S. Gazette, and bronzes the white man into the Indian. It dwarfs

Aug. 11. the European in stature in the second and third geneExtract from a letter from Ozem Strong, Esq., da

A child about 8 years old, named Ricker, was kill. ration, and deprives him of fire and energy. The na

ed by lightning at Somersworth, N. H., on July 30th. ted Colborne, Upper Canada, July 18, 1846 :tive youth, in their boyhood, exbibit intelligence and

Lightning:-During the storm on Sunday, the house " I should think this part of Canada and New-York force, but as they grow up they become feeble in

of Mr. N. Le Brun, Seventh street, above Arch, was had changed climates ; here it has been remarkably Il body and irresolute in mind."

struck by lightning. The fluid descended the chimhot and dry-scarcely a sprinkle of rain for six weeks

ney and passed through the dining-room, scattering till last Friday, when we had a violent storm of wind, DISEASED VEGETATION.—The potatoe crop is be- the dust and soot from the chimney all over the floor. thunder and rain; it continued showery, and is now coming extensively diseased. It is but a few years || It then passed out through a window into a yard, cold, so much so that we looked for a frost last night since the human ashes were removed from the battle leaving a very sulphurous smell in the room, thence but got none. We have great crops of grass and win. fields of Waterloo to manure the potatoe fields of through the basement kitchen into a vault. Some

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plants were burnt in its passage. Fortunately the fami- ,| TEMPERATURE OF THE GULF STREAM.-The Jour arrived in four hours, doing great damage nearly its whole route.

Newburyport is 3 miles from the sea on the Merimack River-it ly had left the dining-room a minute or two before li nal of Commerce, of the 21st inst., states that the U.

was visited by an earthquake in 1786, and in 1810, als on the 30th the occurrence.-Phila. Enq. f. Nat. Gaz., Aug. 11. 8. Brig Washington has returned from a survey of the of May 1846, and several times previous to 1749. The state of the The brewhouse of Mr. Rutfman, in Green street, Gulf Stream. Temperature in one of the soundings, atmosphere on Brooklyn Heights on the 24, 25, 26, 27, and 281h of

August, as follows. Rain commenced to fall freely at 15 minutes above Third, was very slightly damaged by the lightat the depth of 9000 feet, 37 degrees; and of the

past 8 P. M. 25th, and at 9 10 11 A.M. on the 26th. The temperaning. surface, 80 degrees Farenheit; decrease of tempera iure of the air at 2 P. M. on tbe 25th, 71, and 9 P. M. 611-from

that to 4 next morning it fell to 58, Seven hours from 2 to 9-sell 64 The lightning also struck the mast erected at Rid. tnre, about one degree to 210 feet.

degrees-7 hours trom 9 P. M. 10 4 A, M. fell 6. ley's Creek to sustain the telegraphic wires.-Phila. At this rate of decrease the depth of 10,200 feet Aug. 24th.-4 A. M. to 6. 67; 7, 68; 8, 71; 9, 73; 10, 71; 11, would reach the freezing point. We cannot account

714; 12,773; 1 to 4, 75; 5, 74; 6, 71; 7,70 ; 8, 69; 9,63 ; 10, 66, Ledger, Aug. 11.

Aug. 25,-4 to 6 A. M. 64; 7, 66 ; 8, 67, 9, 10, 70, 11 to 1, 72; John Henry, of Mount Auburn, Shelby county, Ia., for this.

2, 71; 3 to 4, 70; 5 to 6, 68; 7, 661; 8,65; 9, 611 was recently killed by lightning. He was a respect The depth of the Mediterrenean between the island Aug. 26th. -4 to 8, 58 ; 9, 59; 10. 60 ; 11, 59; 12, 62; 1, 64; 2

to 4, 65 ; 5, 66; 6 to 7, 65; 8, 64; 9, 62; 10 and 11, 62. Equilibable citizen.- Jour. of Com. of July 7. of Sicily and the coast of Africa, is about the same as

rium. Allen Montanve and William J. Miller, of Switzer- ||

the straits between Calais and Dover. It is but a few Aug. 27.-4 10 6, 62. End of Equilibrium. 7, 65; 8, 654; 9 to years since an island appeared between Sicily and

10, 67 ; 11, 671; 12, 70; 1,75}; 1 30, 74; 2 to 3 754; 4,75; 5, 74; land county, Ia., were killed by lightning on June 10.

6, 721; 7, 71; 8, 69; 9, 69. Equilibriun. They had taken shelter under a tree.

the African coast, and after about three years sunk Aug. 28–41o 10 minutes pasi 7, 69- Equilibrium ended. On Thursday week, during a thunder storm, a again. Earthquakes are as frequent beneath the house belonging to Mrs. Ferguson, situated a mile ocean as under the surface not covered by water. "The MAJOR PART OF THEM.” from Cook's mills, Niagara, was struck by lightning,

This phrase should be defined—the sense in which which destroyed the whole of the property, including


it is used in the Constitution applies to classes of public some horses and other cattle. A laborer named Lefferty was struck dead on the same night. -- Montreal On page 526, we gave the record of the tempera officers and not individuals forming one class making Herald, Jnl, 8.

ture of the water of the Ocean in the track of the a majority of the individual members of all the classOn the 30th of May, Bark Hortensia, from Valpara Great Western, from New York to Liverpool as fur

es. The Senate has more members than the three iso, in lat. 40, lon. 41, was struck by lightning ; broke nished by the Hon. Solomon Townsend. We now

other classes which, together with that body form the give the temperature of the ocean taken on a voyage

Court for the Correction of Errors—it was never inforetopgallant-mast and foretopsail-sheet in several

tended that that court should be constituted alone of from Boston to Gibralter, by Mr. Bigelow. places.

the members of the Senate. Lightning.-The lightning storm, at Wells, Eng.

It is a tribunal formed Temperature of the Sea.-In 1826 Mr. Bigelow of at least three or four classes of public offices. land, on Saturday last, was productive of some seri.

of Massachusetts, in a voyage from Boston to Gibralter ous results. Mr. H. Davis, of Oak Hill, occupies a

made daily observations of the temperature of the large farm on Mendip, near Priddy ; in one of the

SUPREME COURT. sea, as follows: fields were 74 sheep, which got together for shelter


500 under the wall.

Nov. 29 120 miles E. Boston,
The electric fluid first attacked the

The Counsel of the Corporation of the City of New.

30 275 miles E. by S. of Boston, gate, breaking the upper part to pieces, and then fol

Dec. 1.
Latitude 42 Longitude 62,30

York has given notice in the newspapers and in

41 lowing the direction of the wall, killed the whole of

handbills, of an application to be made to the Su41,09

60 the sheep, which were worth from 25s. to 30s. a


preme Court for the appointment of Commissioners head.


of Estimate and Assessment for the widening of Wm, 38,48

46,16 68 A large barn belonging to the estate of Adolphus

43,39 68

street, and also for the opening of a portion of 4th Hedges, late of Warren, Mass., was struck by light


avenue. The application is noticed for the first day 38,00

38.45 ning on August 8th, and consumed with most of its

of the special term. Will a writ of error lie to the At 5 P. M. the temperature was still at 68; at 9 P. M, it fell to 66. contents. Loss $500.

The run of the ship had been about 140 miles since the same hour Court for the Correction of Errors, or is the remedy Another.-We had another very heavy storm here yesterday.

against the officer for persisting in assuming jurisdic. Dec. 10


35,30 yesterday afternoon. The lightning was not so se.


tion in violation of the provisions of the Constitution? vere as on Friday, and we have not heard of any



30,00 person or place being struck by it, but the quantity

29,10 64

AUCTION DUTIES. of rain which fell, was, if possible, greater than on

nearly the same

64 37,55

28.48 at 10 A. M. Friday. Hail-stones, of a large size, fell during the

The State Convention have called on the State bearing down toward Fayal and Pico, the former distant about five Comptroller for a statement of the auction duties, and rain.



he has responded to that call. The United States The storm of Friday.-We have not heard of any


26, nearly,, St. Michaels, E. by S. distant 3 leagues,

Constitution most assuredly is in the way of our State deaths resulting from the effects of the lightning on


25, nearly, St. Convention in this. Friday with the exception of the instance mentioned Michaels, bearing west, distant 10 leagues,


21,30 in our paper of Saturday. A large number of per


A NEW COURT. sons were stunned, but as far as we can learn al has


The State Convention should organize a new court

36,34 recovered.

19,15 37,27

18.22 We hear of several instances of cattle in the neigh

for the adjudication of questions, in which the Chan.

17,30 borhood of the city being killed by the lightning


cellor or Superior Court Justice may be made parties. 36,37

16,10 Balt. Amer. of Aug. 10.


LIGHTNING.-A horse belonging to the Rev. Mr.


16,15 34,04

17,10 McClary, was killed by lightning a few days since in

The Corporation want to have the appointing of 35,26

17,02 92 Anne Arundel county, Md. Mr. McClary had dis


the judges and the payment of their salaries for mounted from the horse at the door of a neighbor



they have a multitude of causes to be tried in these 35,57

12,34 but a few minutes previous.

courts, and it is therefore highly improper for that

36,02 presumed long. 9,58 60 Lightning,-On Saturday afternoon, July 11th, the

4 at 8 a m. off Cape Trafalger lat 36,5 long. 6,1. 58 body to have any connection with these courts direct

At 4 p. m. dropped anchor in Gibralter Harbor, temperature of its lightning struck a barn belonging to Win. Rathbun,

or indirect. waters 55. Temperature of the air on deck, Nov. 30, 52. Dec. of Sprinfield, Otsego county. The barn and its con 7, temperature of open air 57. 11th, 64; 12, 63; 13, 10; 14, 67; tents were destroyed. Two boys in the same neigh15, 63; 16, 64; 17, 62; 18, 58; 19, 60; 20, 64.

From the Journal of Commerce. . "It is thus seen that the temperature of the water has only varied borhood took shelter under an elm tree during the on e degree since leaving the Azores, on the 18th inst., and that the EXTRACT FROM THE PROCLAMATION OF shower. The tree was struck by lightning, and one |

water was about as deep in their neigborhood as in the open sea to
the east. The depression on the 16th and 17th may have been in

GEN. TAYLOR, IN THE INVASION AND AT. of the boys, a lad twelve years of age, killed instantly.

part owing to our being more out of the influence of the gulfstream TEMPT OF THE CONQUEST OF MEXICO. / The other was prostrated but recovered. The boy whose current, though grrally diffused, acts quite down to the wes

tern isles. killed stood next to the body of the tree. Elm trees

“ In every state, and in nearly every city and vil“ Dec. 26, on deck, 58; 271h, 64; 28 in cabin 67; 29th in cabin 70; are frequently struck by lightning.

lage of our union, Catholic Churches exist, and the dried back by gales, Dec. 30, on deck noon 65; 31st, 4 P. M, 58; THUNDER STORM.-On the first of August, between

Jan. 1, noon 58; 2, 53; 3, 57; 4th at 4 p. m. Gibraltar Harbor 47. Priest's perform their holy functions in peace and secu3 and 4 o'clock P. M., a storm of thunder, lightning,

rity, under the sacreed guarantees of our constitution." hail, wind and rain, commenced in London, and con EARTHQUAKE AT SMYRNA.-Letters received by Messrs. Dut. Had Gen. Taylor said that in every state, city or

hilb & Cousinery, merchants of New York, from Smyrna, in Asia, tinued for near two hours. Great damage was done.

of date June 28th, state that a severe shock of an earthquake was village in which Catholic churches do exist, the priest's At Liverpool, the fall of rain was 44 inches during 24 felt at Smyrna, at about 6 o'clock p. m. of the 25th of June. Smyr.

na is in latitude 38, 25, 26 north, longitude 26, 6, 45, east. The dishours. The steamer Citizen, in passing down the

perform their functions in peace he would have been tance is therefore 100, 6,15, of longitude east of my place of ob. Thames, was struck by lightning, and the box of one servation, and 2, 16, 15, deg. of latitude south. The equilibrium

nearly right—but he is far from right in saying that of the wheels damaged. The vessel was surrounded

produced by this earthquake commenced on Brooklyn Heights at

30 minutes past 10 P. M., June 27th, and continued till past 5 A,M. Catholic Churches exist in nearly every village. by lightning for a moment. No person injured. of tbe 28th, when at six o'clock it was broken by a rain storm.This is the sixth instance which I have recorded of See Municipal Gazette, No. 43, p. 583.

Again, Gen. Taylor says to the Mexicans: the lightving descending on a steamer. In none of EARTHQUAKE AT NEWBURYPORT.-On the morning of August " It is your military rulers that have reduced you to

25th, at about 6 o'clock the shock of an earthquake of considerable these cases has any person been killed, and I have

this deplorable condition.” duration was experienced at Newbury port, Mass., lat, about 43 N.; never met with any record in all my researches of a longitude about 70, 40 West, and extended to the south west to

Americans ! take heed lest this declaration of Gen. Springfield, on the Connecticut River, a distance of more than person being killed by lightning in a building stored

100 miles. The width of its paib I sball endeavor to ascertain from # Taylor's to the Mexicans—which is too true-be ad. with iron.

accounts from villages oneach side of this line, I was writing at mytable The house of Wm. Waddle, near Mercersburg, Brooklyn Heights, recording my meteorlogical observations at the dressed to you ere long-the censure comes from a

very moment this earthquake was traversing Massachusetts from Pa., was struck by lightning on Wednesday week,

one extremity to the other, and should have noticed any disturbance military man wlio so far has shown his wisdom in and every member of the family prostrated. They bad it extended to this locality. The earthquake followed the

path passed by the electric storm of April 25, 1845, which journey. treating the praise and flattery that has been heaped all revived except Wm. Waddle, jr., who was killed

ed from a creek in Virginia, near Alexandria, passing Springfield, instantly.

and Newburyport, on its way to the Bay of Funday, where it upon him with coolness and good sense.

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