Gambar halaman

From the Journal of Commerce.

he put out the fire which he has kindled up through as far as he could possibly do, into the condition of the STATE OF THE COUNTRY.

the nation? We ask our countrymen, and we ask the ! agriculture of the Empire, since it appeared to him

President, to consider (for he is accustomed to look to be much the most important of its interests, as “We have been laboring for many months to avert

upward,) how the record of this matter is likely to also into that of the humble but useful mechanical war; and when we thought the danger was over, sud

stand on high? If we have the law of nations on our arts of the country, both of which he thought had denly a mine has been sprung in another direction,

side, have we the law of God? Will He who is the been less adequately attended to than many of the and we are at war! Already some hundreds of human

Father of the Mexicans as well as of us, and as com more popular pursuits. On the return of Mr. Slocum beings, probably have been hurried into eternity, and |

passionate towards them as us, will He believe this to the United States, a correspondence between himtheir blood will be required at the hands of--whom? 1

Ha a just and necessary war ?" The rulers of Mexico self and Prof. Fischer, the imperial botanist, ensued, The shock has come upon us so suddenly, and the

may be much to blame, and yet that circumstance which resulted in an invitation, sanctioned by the reasons for it were so imperfectly known, that we |

Emperor himself, from his Excellency, M. Peroffski, have hardly been able to form an intelligent opinion may do nothing to relieve our responsibility."

the Minister of the interior, who has charge of the about it. We are at war: not with England,-a nation

The remarks above which we have copied from

imperial domains throughout the empire, being given which is a match for us, and which might have sent | the New-York Journal of Commerce, are well deserv

to Mr. Slocum, to introduce into Russia such improyher thunder all along our coast, but with a sister

ing preservation. The worthy Editors might have ments in the implements of agriculture and the useful republic; a feeble, distracted, unfortunate, bankrupt

arts, as, in his opinion, were suited to the condition of state, priest ridden, with no Bible to guide her ; with added that the United States Government in annexing

that vast country. For this purpose a fund was placed Mexico, more entitled to our pity than our vengeance. Texas to the United States, bought a law suit. The

at Mr. Slocum's disposal by the Russian government, What are the causes of the war? It is not of any

ability of the administration to make such a bargain to be so laid out as he should consider most expedient. great importance to know according to the practice of nations we have cause for war, which men in the ex is a grave constitutional question, and the most that

Under this arrangement it is that Mr. Slocum is thus

far on his way to St. Petersburg, accompanied by a ercise of bad passions saw fit to make so. The great should have been attempted under the circumstances

practical ironfounder and machinist, engaged for the question is one of right; and the second is one of

was to protect the disputed territory from bloodshed. purpose of manufacturing in Russia such implements national interest and honor. Mexico owes us several millions of money. It is

and machines as seem best adapted to the requirements The other disputes in relation to depredation upon!

of that country. Mr. Slocum takes with him a very a just debt, and more than just; for it is the repara our commerce by Mexico, should have been settled

general assortment of the more approved agricultural tion which she agreed to make us for spoilations and

by other means than raising an army to enter the ter implements and machinery used in the United States. robberies committed against our citizens. She has li

He has also many of the best varieties of field and solemnly promised to pay this inoney, and has paid a ||

ritory of a neighbor already overwhelmed with trouble. part of what she promised, but does not pay the rest. The Journal of Commerce has within the last

garden seeds, fruit trees, &c., cultivated in the United

States. Among these are cotton seed, rice, and many She has never said that she would not pay. On the twelve months copied three different paragraphs from descriptions of maize and tobacco seeds, all of which, contrary she has repeated her intention to pay, though

the Union, the administration paper, recording three he thinks, will answer well in some part or other of for the time unable, for want of money in the treas

the Empire. Mr. Slocum is a practical American ury.

distinct meetings held on the Sabbath by Mr. Polk The last instalment which she attempted to pay (not having money in the central treasury,) was met |

farmer, and displays very great intelligence, so that and his Cabinet upon Mexican affairs. There is no

much interest will attach to the result of his experiby Treasury drafts on the provincial custom houses, but they were not paid. It would hardly do for a

ments, in another soil than that to which he has been excuse for such a desecration of that day, and it is nation comprising so many States which do not pay,

accustomed ; and it is but due to the liberal and enno wonder that the great officers of the government

lightened Sovereign of Russia, under whose immedito make that simply a cause of war, especially if ina- should be in confusion. bility were the reason of delinquence, -for we have

ate auspices the enterprise is undertaken, and to his

A war with Mexico, or with any other power, in able Ministers, through whom the arrangement has determined inability to be very modified culpability. Besides, it must be a disgrace to the country to allow the present state of the world—in the present state of

been made with Mr. Slocum, that attention should be a mere money question to involve us in war, especi

directed to the subject." society—is an injury of vast and untold magnitudeally if it were certain that the expenses of the collec

We had several interviews with Mr. Slocum prior its demoralizing influence will pass down the current tion would be five times greater than the debt.

to his departure for London, on his return to Russia. Mexico has refused to receive our ambassador or of time accumulating evil consequences until at length negociate with us. Every nation claims the same they will become overwhelming.

We accompanied Mr. Slocum to Mr. Bogardus' machine right, and it would be a very strange presumption

shop in Eldridge Street to examine the Eccentric mills,

The people of the United States should never bewhich should make this a cause of war. But Mexico

invented and constructed by Mr. B. Mr. S. was so promised to receive an ambassador, and before he come a military people. could be received, another Administration was in

well pleased with them that he gave orders for two

We have looked with fear to the Mexican borders power who would not receive him. This was a wrong

of these mills for the Russian Government, and they ever since General Toledo entered the State of Tenclearly, but small ground for war. Mexico has inva

have already been shipped to Russia. Mr. Bogardus ded our territory, we say,--or some of us,--for the

nessee, with his sand dollars. people of the United States are by no meane agreed on

is among the most skillful and intelligent mechanics

In this volume, pg. 331 is recorded the awful visitathis point. Some of our leading democrats do not

in the United States, and we should not be surprised tion of the hand of Almighty, on the 21st of Februconsider the territory on the Eastern bank of the Rio

at his being invited to take up his residence at the Grande as within the United States. If we are divi. ary, 1844, in the destruction of human life on board

Russian capital. He would be a great acquisition to vided in opinion, we cannot wonder that Mexico should the War Steamer Princeton, when two of the Cabinet consider her title “ clear and indisputable;' and it

any country. His mills perform wonders—take up Ministers were destroyed by the very engine which would seem to be the least that justice could demand,

less room than a flour barrel, and will grind ten bushels to leave rights about which we ourselves are in doubt, the government had prepared for the destruction of

of corn per hour-they are sold at $80.. in abeyance for the present. But Congress having, others. perhaps thoughtlessly, included this territory in its

Mr. Slocum was anxious to know how Mr. Bogardus

That some awful visitation will befall the American legislation, the President took possession of every inch

came to possess such faculties, as his name indicated of it, and our military commander planted his loaded People, is greatly to be feared.

a Dutch ancestry. Mr. Bogardus replied that his cannon in such positions as to command the opposite We trust that more wisdom will be found in the

mother was a Yankee. Mr. Slocum remarked that shore. This last movement was the occasion of the National Councils than has heretofore characterised war, beyond all doubt. If our army had remained

he had spent much time at the Patent Office in Washsome of their proceedings. on the Neuces, no scout from it would have been at

ington, and found that nearly all the patents were tacked, and there would be no war. We advanced

The way to “conquer peace” is, to not give offence.

granted to persons north of Mason & Dixon's line. into a questionable territory. Mexico immediately considers herself invaded, and declares her determination

Mr. Slocum was very anxious to obtain some inforto wage a defensive” war. Some of her troops,

From the Syracuse Daily Journal of July, 1846.

mation in relation to the process of refining sugar at how many we do not know, also pass into the disputed


the mammoth establishment of Messrs. WOOLSEY & territory, and a slight conflict ensues between them To the Editors of the Daily Journal: Enclosed I and a detachment of our troops, several miles from bend you an extract from the London “Morning Post,"

Woolsey in this city. These works are not accessable their camp, and instantly the cry goes over the land received a few days since per Great Western.

to visitors. The proprietors who are among the very that the sacred soil of the republic is invaded, and | The friends of Mr. Slocum in this vicinity, will be best men in our land, superintend the concern and the nation is called to arms. Our commanding Gen- ll pleased to see that the importance of the enterprise in eral calls for five thousand men to aid him, and the

retain the valuable knowledge of the peculiar process which he is now engaged, is duly appreciated by one President recommends and Congress order fifty thou- || of the most influential journals of the British Me

within their own bosoms. When the city of Pittssand ; not to repel invasion, not to act on the defen tropolis.

W. burg was almost overwhelmed by a destructive consive merely, but to carry fire and sword through Mexi

From the London Morning Post, May 12. || flagration, Mayor HARPER's Committee applied to co, and even to humble her pride by tramping our horses' feet upon the pavements of her splendid capi

"By the next Hamburg steamer from hence, an | the Messrs. Woolsey's for aid and they gave them tol. To be sure, with all this we proclaim the most American gentleman, named Slocum, will proceed

$600, the largest donation given by any individual or just and benevolent intentions, and our President de

for St. Petersburg on a very interesting mission

with reference to agricultural affairs. clares that he will treat, whenever Mexico will con

firm in the city. Messrs. Woolsey's concern is one

During ai sent to receive or make propositions. But can he stop

residence of about four months in the Russian capital of the most prosperous establishments in the United his victorious generals with fifty thousand men ? Can in the year 1813, Mr. Slocum was induced to examine | States--a prosperitywell deserved. Ed. Gazette.


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NEW-YORK CITY CHARTER. We have received from the Hox. Stephen ALLEN, now a member of the State Convention, the draft of a City Charter, drawn up by himself, some mouths ago, a copy of which we here present. When we received this draft in manuscript, we made an examination of the twelve first sections and suggested in writing, several amendments thereto, which we submitted to Mr. Allen; he approved of these amendments, and kindly permitted us to retain the paper and make such other amendments as we should deem right, and make such disposition of the whole as we thought best-in accordance wherewith, we have put it in print and now present it to the public. Mr. Allen is full of experience in public concerns and is well qualified to judge of the various provisions needful to guard the rights of citizens in a bill of this description. Mr. Allen drew up this paper before he was elected to the State Convention. As it is probable that the State Convention will place all Municipal Corporations in this State upon one and the same footing, the draft of this Bill may be found useful as containing valuable suggestions. It will be seen by a careful reading of the first section of this bill that Mr. Allen has deemed it necessary to define the power denominated legislative as inapplicable to the inhabitants of the city who are under the government of the laws of the State. Great mistakes have been made by Corporation officers in supposing that the Common Council possessed the legislative powers of the City-that, belongs to the Senate and Assembly of this State. Our amendments follow the bill. An Act to amend the Charter of the City of New

York. $1. The legislative powers of the Corporation of the City of New-York shall be vested in a Board of Aldermen and a Board of Assistants, who together shall form the Common Council of the City. The acts of the said Common Council shall be confined solely to the passing of ordinances or laws, directing the performance of specific duties relative to the good government and other important interests of the Corporation. ""82. Each ward of the city shall be entitled to elect one person to be denominated the alderman of the ward, and the persons so chosen, together shall form the board of aldermen. And each ward shall also be entitled to elect, in the proportion, as near as may be, of one person for each ten thousand inhabitants, exclusive of fractions; but each ward shall have, at least, one representative in the Board of assistants, and the persons so chosen, together shall form the board of Assistants.

" 3. The aldermen shall be elected to serve for three years, and the assistants for one year. Immediately on the assembling of the board of aldermen, after their election, they shall be divided, by lot, as equally as may be, into three classes. The seats of the first class to be vacated at the expiration of one year; the second at the expiration of two years, and the third at the expiration of three years, so that one third, as near as may be, may be chosen every year.

"84. The annual election of charter officers shall be held on the first Monday in November, and the offi. cers elected shall be sworn into office on the first Monday of January thereafter; and all the provisions of law now in force, in regard to the notification, duration and conduct of election for members of Assembly, and in regard to the appointment, powers and duties of the inspectors holding the saine, shall apply to the annual election of charter officers.

*** 0 5. The first election for charter officers, after the passage of this law, shall take place on the first Monday in November, 1847, and all those persons who shall be elected under former laws regulating elections of charter officers, and shall be in office at the time of the passage of this law, shall continue in office until the officers elected under this law shall be entitled to be sworn in.

" $ 6. The board of aldermen shall have power to

direct a special election to be held, to supply the place “$16. Neither the mayor nor recorder of the city of
of any alderman whose seat shall become vacant by New-York, shall be a member of the common council
death, removal from the city, resignation, or otherwise thereof.
and the board of assistants shall also have power to " Ø 17 Whenever there shall be a vacancy in the
direct a special election to supply any vacancy that | office of mayor, and whenever the mayor shall be
may occur in the Board of Assistants, and in both absent from the city, or be prevented by sickness, or
cases the person elected to supply the vacancy, shall any other cause, from attending to the duties of his
hold his seat only for the residue of the term of office office, the president of the board of aldermen shall
of his immediate predecessor.

act as mayor, and shall possess all the rights and powers
"57. The boards shall meet in separate chambers, of the mayor, during the continuance of such vacancy,
and a majority of each shall be a quorurn to do busi absence, or disability,
ness. Each board shall appoint a president from its "ý 18. It shall be the duty of the mayor,
own body, and shall also choose its clerk, and other First. To communicate to the common council,
officers, determine the rules of its own proceedings, at least once a year, and oftener if he shall deem it
and be the judge of the qualifications of its own mein expedient, a general statement of the situation and
bers. Each board shall keep a journalofits proceedings, condition of the city, in relation to its government,
and the doors of each shall be kept open, except when finances and improvements.
the public welfare shall require secrecy.

Second. To recommend to the adoption of the "58. All resolutions, and reports of committees, common council, all such measures connected with which shall recommend any specific improvement, the police, security, health, cleanliness, and ornament involving the appropriation of public money, or tax of the city, and the improvement of its government, ing, or assessing the citizens of said city, shall be pub and finances, as he shall deem expedient. lished, by the clerk of the common council, not later Third. To be vigilant and active in causing the than two days after passage, in all the newspapers laws and ordinances of the government of the city employed by the corporation; and whenever a vote to be executed and enforced. is taken in relation thereto, the ayes and noes shall Fourth. To exercise a constant supervision and be called and published, in the manner aforesaid; control over the conduct and acts of all subordinate and for every neglect of said clerk to publish as officers, and to receive and examine into all such aforesaid, he shall be subject to a penalty of fifty complaints as may be preferred against any of them dollars, to be recovered by any person who will sue for violation or neglect of duty; and generally, to for the same.

perform all such duties as may be prescribed to him "09. Each board shall have the authority to com Il by the charter and city ordinances, and the laws of pel the attendance of absent members; to punish its

W this state, and the United States. meinbers for disorderly behaviour, and to expel a " 19. Annual appropriations shall be made by proper member, with the concurrence of two thirds of the W ordinances of the common council, for every branch members elected to the Board, and the member so and object of city expenditure ; nor shall any money expelled, shall, by such expulsion, forfeit all right and be drawn from the city treasury, except for the object power as an alderman or assistant alderman.

for which the money had been previously appropria" Ø 10. The stated, and occasional meetings of each ted, and in no case shall the sum drawn exceed the board of the common council, shall be regulated by suin appropriated. It shall be the duty of the Compits own ordinances, and both boards may meet on the troller, in the event of an appropriation being exhaustsame, or on different days, as they may judge expedi.

ed, to give notice of the fact to the common council,

and the reason of its deficiency. “$11. Any law, ordinance, or resolution of the "$ 20, Unless by a special act of the legislature for common council, may originate in either board, and that purpose, the common council shall not have auwhen it shall have passed one board, may be rejected thority to borrow, in any one year, on the credit of or amended in the other.

the corporation a sum exceeding in the aggregate, "$ 12. No member of either board shall, during five hundred thousand dollars, nor for a longer period the period for which he was elected. be appointed to, than nine months; nor shall any loan so made be reor be competent to hold, any office of which the newed, or its time of payment extended, unless the emoluments are paid from the city treasury, or by same be funded under an act of the legislature, passfines directed to be paid by any ordinance or act of ed for that purpose. the common council, or be directly, or indirectly, in $ 21. It shall be the duty of the comptroller, in terested in any contract, the expense or consideration the month of January of each year, to publish, in all whereof, are to be paid under any ordinance of the the papers employed by the common council, a full common council, under the penalty of impeachment and comprehensive statement of the cash received on articles preferred before the board of which he is during the year, and from what source; the cash disa member, by one or more of the Heads of Depart bursed during the year, and for what object. Also, ments.

the loans made, both temporary and funded, and for " 13. Every act, ordinance, or resolution, which what object made. Also the sinking fund account, shall have passed the two boards of common council, and of what it consists. before it shall take effect, shall be presented, duly "$ 22. All ordinances, or amendments of the ordicertified to the Mayor of the city, for his approbation. nances, shall be published by the clerk of the comIf he approve, he shall sign it; if not he shall return mon council in all the public papers employe? by it, with his objections, to the board in which it origin the corporation, as soon after their passage as prací ated, within ten days thereafter; or if such board cable, for a neglect of which, the said clerk shall be be not then in session, at its next stated meeting. subject to a penalty of fifty dollars, to be recovered The Board to which it shall be returned, shall en ter by any one who will sue for the same. the objections at large on their journal, and cause "23. All the executive business of the Corporathe same to be published in one or more of the public tion shall be performed by distinct and separate denewspapers of the city.

partments in accordance with ordinances now in force " 14. The board to which such act, ordinance, or or hereafter to be passed by the Common Council, resolution shall have been returned. shall, after the not inconsistant with this act ; and no member or expiration of not less than ten days thereafter proceed committee of the said common Council, or of either to re-consider the same. If after such reconsidera of the boards of aldermen or assistants, shall perform tion, two-thirds of the members elected to the board any kind of executive duty, acts or business, or shall shall agree to pass the same, it shall be sent, together carry into effect, except such as relate to the office of with the objections, to the other board, by which it magistrate, commissioner of excise, or supervisor, shall likewise be reconsidered ; and if approved by any of the laws resolutions, or orders of the common two-thirds of all the members elected to such board, council; but all executive acts, duties or business it shall take effect as an act, or law, of the corpora shall be performed, and transacted, by the particular tion. In all such cases, the votes of both boards shall be department charged therewith ; and the said departdetermined by yeas and nays, and the names of the ments respectively, shall be responsible for the due persons voting for and against the passage of the performance of the duties enjoined on them by this measure reconsidered, shall be entered on the jour act, and by the laws and ordinances of the Common nal of each board respectively.

Council. “$ 15. If the Mayor shall not return any act, ordi " 24. There shall be an executive department to be nance or resolutions, so presented to him, within the known as the City Commissioners department, to contime above limited for that purpose, it shall take effect sist of three competent citizens, one of whom shall in the same manner as if he had signed it.

be a civil engineer. They shall form a board, and


have the general supervision care and control of the " 35. It shall be the duty of the common council

MORTALITY. corporation wharves and piers ; the paving and re to provide for the accountability of all officers and paving of the pavement and all matters relative to other persons to whom the receipt or expenditure of

Mortality in the city of New-York.-The City Inthe streets ; to the lamps and gas ; to the public the funds of the city shall be entrusted, by requiring

spector reports 425 deaths in the city of New-York roads and highways; to the public markets; to the from them sufficient security for the performance of

from the 11th to the 18th of July-one week, of which public buildings and repairs; to the assessment for their duties or trust, which security shall annually be

51 were from Convulsions, 26 Dropsy in the head, wells and pumps, and sewers; and generally for the | renewed, but the security first taken shall remain in

20 from inflammation of the brain, and 21 from Coup force until new security shall be given.

de Soliel. It is an awful mortality. improvement of streets, and the collection of such

Panse, mortal assessments; to the engine houses and the engines, “ý 36. This act shall not be construed as repeal

man, behold and fire apparatus, the making of contracts for work || ing any of the provisions of law or charter now fin or supplies, and generally to have the care of the force, except so far as they shall be inconsistent with

PRESERVED FISH. public property of every kind and description. the provisions of this act.

On Thursday the 23d inst., the individual whose "ý 25. There shall also be an executive depart


name heads this obituary notice, departed this life at ment known as the Finance department, to consist of the chamberlain, the comptroller, the receiver of

Sec. 6. Removal of Alderman or Assistant from

the age of 81 years. Mr. Fish possessed a remarkataxes, the collector of the city revenue, and the pub

the Ward should be deemed and taken a resignation lic administration.

bly strong constitution, was an active business man, of office. The comptroller to be the head and chief of this department, and to have the general

Sec. 8 The reports and resolutions required to be and a man of great decision of character. direction, supervision and control of the business published after passage, requires this alteration-a

A delegation of the Anti-Assessment Committee resolution introduced into the Board of Assistants, and transactions of the whole department. "26. There shall also be a department to be

waited upon him in March 1843, to ask him to serve passed by that body, should be published before it is known as the police department. This department

acted upon by the Board of Aldermen, by which as Chairman of the meeting of the citizens at the shall consist of the mayor of the city, the chief of

means those interested will be informed in time to Merchants Exchange on the 5th of March of that year. police, and magistrates of the city. The mayor to

remonstrate in the board to which the proceeding is be the general advisatory heal and to possess all

His prompt reply to the question, “Will you consent sent for concurrence, hence both boards should be power delegated by law; but the chief of police to

interdicted from acting on any matter involving taxes Il to preside at the meeting as President with sixteen

or assessments, during the same week, or say within be the chief and permanent head of the department.

other individuals, members of both political parties, "Ø 27. There shall also be a department, to be an intermission of 12 days. Reports should, before

as Vice Presidents," was "YES.” known as the Alms House Department, which shall being adopted by either board, be published, and a

The abuses that that meeting was convened to ask consist of the superintendent of the Alms House, the

delay of 10 days after publication. The penalty should superintendant of the penitentiary, the superintendant

also include any damage which any person may suffer || the Legislature to redress, yet exist. Will the State ‘of the city prison, the superintendant of the nursery by the omission.

Convention allow them longer to remain ? and the resident physician. The superintendant of

The 10th section if amended so as to require one

The proceedings of that meeting are to be found the Alms House shall be the head of this department

board to meet on the first Monday of every other and shall have the general control, supervision and

month, and the other to meet on the 1st Monday of ll on pages 245 to 248 of the Municipal Gazette. direction of the business transactions of the depart

the intervening month, would give a substantial check Thus one after another of the aged of our city-pass ment including the procuring the necessary supplies,

to hasty proceedings. and the entering into contract for the same.

away—and ere another hundred years shall have rolled Section 12 requires amendment, requiring each

around it is probable that none of its present inhabimember to subscribe an oath that he would not violate "$28. There shall also be a department known as the water department, to consist of the commissioner

the charter under the pains and penalties of perjury. tants will remain this side of the grave. of the Croton acqueduct, the water purveyor, and the

Section 13 should require the President of the reswater register. The commissioner of the croton pective boards to certify the passage of every act by

MOUNT HECLA. his board on the face thereof, and if required to be acqueduct to be the chief head of the department,

We had copied from the Journal of Commerce of and to possess such powers and perform such duties passed by ayes and noes, that should be stated. The

July 3, into this paper a paragraph stating that the as may be required of him, or of the department, by same practice is pursued by the president of the

eruptions of Mount Hecla had ceased about the 5th ordinance to be passed for that purpose. Senate of the State and by the Speaker of Assembly.

of April and accompanied the paragraph with a re"29. The departments thall not appoint any sub

Section 15 should be struck out.

mark that there must have been error in ordinate officer whatever, except day laborers, and

Section 17 requires amendment.

the statement, as the account came from Copenhagen such as shall be specially authorized by ordinance of

Section 18 requires amendment. The duties of

of the date of April 10, only 5 days after, and wrote Mr. the common council passed for shat purpose, and by the Mayor should be specially set forth.

Halleck, the editor, a note to that effect. We now which their salary or pay shall be fixed and establish

Section 19 requires amendments. Appropriations should be special and not general. No money should

find in the Journal of Commerce of July 22, an aced.

count from Iceland of a later date, showing that we 10 30. It shall be the duty of the common council

be drawn from the treasury except on the warrant in to pass ordinances designating and prescribing the favor of the person to whom it is due and owing,

were correct. It is as follows: Section 20 requires provision for the funding of the

Iceland. special duties to be performed by the respective de

The eruptions of Mount Hecla still partments and by each officer of the same. present indebtedness.Also should provide that all

continued, according to the latest accounts of the They may establish such additional assistants to the several bonds issued be registered by the Mayor-by the

15th of April. departments as the public interest may require. Clerk of the Cominon Council, and by the Comptroll

IN CONVENTION, er, and the page of each record should be endorsed " 31. The city commissioners, and the chief or

on each bond, and each bond wlien paid should be heads of the several departments shall be elected at

Friday, July 24. the next election for charter officers after the passage cancelled by the City Chamberlain by cutting the same

CORRUPT EXPENDITURE UNDER THE REGof this act, and shall hold their offices for three years. with a punch an inch in diameter, taking out the centre

ISTRY LAW. of the bond. They may be removed from office by impeachment

Mr. TALLMADGE offered the following resolution : before the board of aldermen, on articles preferred

The amendments to remaining 16 sections we will

Resolved. That the city comptroller of the city of New. give in our next number. by the board of assistants for gross or improper con

York report to this Convention copies of the bills which

make up the item of $1.748,24, set forth in his former stateduct in office.

We submitted Mr. Allen's draft of a charter and our amendments to the Hon. GABRIEL Furman, Chair

ment as paid for "printing and posting of registry and maps “V 32 In all appointments to office by the common

of districts for registration, expenses of election of Norem. man of the Select Committee, appointed by the council, except those attached to their respective

ber, 1540;" also, copies of bills which compose the item of Hox. THE SENATE OF THIS STATE, in 1841, to investi $3.319 18 set forth in said former statement, as paid for “ printboards, if the two boards shall not agree upon the

gate assessment abuses in the city of New-York; he ing and posting list of registry and map of districts for reg. person to be appointed, they shall meet together and has returned them to us, with the following endorse

istration, expenses of election in April, 1841;" and also copies vote by joint ballot, when a majority of such votes

of bills which compose the item of 83,099 39, set forth in his ment: shall decide and be conclusive.

former statement ag“ paid for second registration expenses

of November election of 1841."

"I think well of this amended charter “$ 33. The members of the Common Council,

Mr. Brown moved a reference to the committee on the and all officers of the corporation are hereby prohibit with your amendments.

elective franchise. ed from receiving or using any gift of free passage

The motion was debated by Messrs Tallmadge and Harri.

GABRIEL FURMAN.” on any railroad or ferry, or any free entrance into

son and agreed to. any garden or place of amusement where the grant or lease shall have been obtained from the council, and THE REGISTRY LAW IN THE CITY OF NEW. Rights of Cilizens.—The important Report of where a charge for travel or entrance shall be made


Committe No. 11, of which Mr. TallMADGE the disto other persons.

tinguished member from Dutchess, is Chairman, will "834. The clerk of the board of aldermen shall,

Attempts have been made by Corporation officers be found on page 584 of this number. The worthy

to render the registry law unpopular by representing by virtue of his office, be clerk of the common coun

Chairman is honored in his report. the expenses of the office very great. It is not often cil, and shall perform all the duties heretofore per

that officers boast of their own shame. It is, howformed by the clerk of the common council, except

POSTSCRIPT, July 28...EARTHQUAKE. ever, the case in the representations made of enorsuch duties as shall be assigned to the clerk of the

The Journal of Commerce of this morning, states, that a sligbt mous expenses. The expenses were very great. shock of an earthquake was felt at Vera Cruz, on the morning of board of assistant aldermen; and it shall be his duty Ten times as much money was paid for the registry

June 21st. This did not produce an equilibrium here but had the to keep open for inspection, at all reasonable times,

same effect upon the atmosphere at Syracuse, as the earthquake at books as they ought to have cost. Let the State Con

Cincinnati of the 28th of February had on the atmospere here, viz: the records and minutes of the proceedings of the

vention call for these books and the Bills paid for fur a rise of three degrees and an equilibrium, and was followed by a common council, except such as shall be specially nishing them, and an abuse will be exposed which

snow squall on the mountains of Huntingdon, Pa., and a cold alordered otherways.

mosphere, the saine as the earthquake at Mexico, on the 71h of will be a great gain to this State.

April, 1845, when the steamer Swallow was stranded at Ateens.

page of each re

On en

[blocks in formation]

Earthquake at Guadaloupe and Mar- 12 to 20 miles wide and extends in a direction from “Brig Helespont, at Providence from Charleston, south west to north east. It is underlaid by rock,

reports : 13th inst., off Cape Fear, at 4 A. M. took a tinique. The Island is therefore like a great terestrial 'needle,

heavy gale from north-east, which lasted till 6 P. M."

* Schooner Governor Bennet, Warfield, of N.York, and Brooklyn Heights may be regarded as one of its The Journal of Commerce of July 30th, contains | poles and the north eastern extremity the other. It

encountered a heavy gale on 12th inst., in lat 35, the following:

will be seen by looking at the map that no land inter long, 72.0" " A smart shock of an earthquake was venes between the north shores of Guadaloupe and the

Thunder-storm at Indianapolis on the 13th, during felt at Point a Petre, Gaudaloupe, and also south shorses of Long Island.

which Thomas Ramsay, a carpenter, was killed by

| lightning at Martinique on the 16th ult., (June 16,)


Terrible storm of lightning, hail, rain and wind, at but no damage was done."

Nashua, New-Hampshire, on the 14th,, doing great

We find in the Journal of Commerce of August The Brooklyn Star of the 18th of June contains my

damage. 5th, the following account, copied from Galignani :

On the 15th inst., a terrible hail storm, accompanied meteorlogical observations of the 17th of June, as "A letter from Athens, Greece, of the 20th of June, by lightning, rain and wind, at New Sharon, Stark, follows:

informs us that great disasters had recently occured and Mercer, and also in Somerset county, State of “ The WEATHER.—The state of the tem

at Messenia, in conseqaence of repeated shocks of Maine. Thunder storm near Three-mile Run, New

earthquake. The town of Micromani has been en Jersey, during which a barn was struck by lightning, perature to-day indicates a disturbance of

tirely destroyed, and the villages of Baliaga, Gliata and with its contents consumed. Loss $3,000. Rain, very considerable extent at a distance within and Aslanaga have shared the same fate. In the thunder and lightning on Brooklyn Heights. On the last few hours. The accounts which town of Nist, a number of houses have been thrown Brooklyn Heights the temperature was as follows:

down, and at Colemata even the public buildings August 11th-4 and 5 a. m., 66 ; at half-past 2 to 3, 77 will be received from other sections of the

have been overturned. In the country parts, great -being the highest during the day; at 8 p. m., 70. country will determine the particular locality

mischief has also been done. Several plantations 12th 4 to 5 a. m., 66 ; 2 p. m., 81-the highest du. of the disturbance. It is a singular fact that were completely ruined, and the ground has opened ring the day ; at 9 p. m., 701. but little of the arctic ice is leaving the polar in various places and vomited forth torrents of water 13th-At 4, 5 and 6, Equilibrium, a. m., 705; at 3

and mud. "The loss of life was said to have been in p. m., 88)—the highest during the day; at 10 p. m., regions; and the lightning is taking its deconsiderable, but the exact amount is not yet known.

78. parturefrom the distant northwestern sections

The last letters received from the scene of devasta h 14th-At 4 and 5 a. m. 72; at 20 minutes past 3 p. of our continent, and is journeying to the tion, to the 16th of June, announce that the shocks, \ m., 89—and distant thunder in the south-west; at 9 south west.


though less violent, were still going on, and that the p. m., 78.

great uneasiness was far from being calmed down. 15th--4,5 and 6 a. m.,75–6.20 rain ; at 3 to 4 p. m., Wednesday evening, June 17.”

The Government sent assistance of various kinds to 83—the highest during the day; thunder at 20 minThis communication was delivered to Mr. E. B.

the Messenians, and subscriptions have been opened utes past 5 p. m.; at 9 p. m., 76. Spooner at the Evening Star office, at about 5 o'clock,

at Athens for the victims. Several persons sponta On the evening of the 2d, and morning of the 3d, P. M., of the 17th of June, the day following the oc

neously left the Capital to proceed to Messenia, to there was evidence of a partially disturbed atmocurrence of the earthquake at Guadaloupe. The at

keep up the spirits of the people—amongst them was sphere at a distance, and on the evening of the 20th mosphere was in that peculiar state that inade its dis

the Minister of France, accompanied by M. de and morning of 21st, evidence of a greatly disturbed tant disturbance perceptable, and I felt a peculiar sen. Roujoux, Consul of the Cyclades."

atmosphere at a distance. sation during its continuance, which I cannot de

The scene of these Earthquakes is in that part of scribe, and it was during that state of feeling I wrote the Morea which lies in about lat. 38° n. long. about,

THE DIAL OF A CLOCK. the above communication and carried it to the office

22°, east, and nearly opposite to Catania in Sicily, and of the Brooklyn Evening Star, to Mr. E. B. Spooner,

The large church edifice at Caracas has upon each about 450 miles, distant therefrom.

of the four sides of its tower a dial to its clock. Ia and remarked to him that an earthquake had taken


1812, the city of Caraccas was rent by a terrific and place at a distance. The human mind is sometimes

The city of Catania, convulsed by the earthquakes

awful earthquake. At the very moment that the fatal so constituted that a powerful impression of the oc

shock rent the earth and shook the foundations of its currence of such an event, may itself be the cause of of the 22d and 28th of April of the present year is in

church edifice, the vibrations of the pendulum of the that peculiar state. the island of Sicily, in N. latitude 37° 28' 20''. East

clock ceased, and thus the minute hands of the clock It will be seen by referring to the Municipal Ga long. 15°, 5' 15'. In 1693, it was nearly destroyed

were made to mark the precise moment at which zette of July 27, page 588, which page was published by an earthquake during which 50,000 of its inhabi

thousands of the inhabitants of that ill-fated city were several days before the account of the earthquake tants perished. In 1669 the lava from the eruptions

buried in one common grave. The church edifice and reached here, that the temperature of the atmosphere of Mount Etna, reached the city of Catania and des

clock has since that time been repaired, but one of the at 8 o'clock in the morning of the 17th June, was at troyed 15,000 of its inhabitants.

dials of the clock has been allowed to remain undis68 ; 10,70;11, 70 ; 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 714;6.70 : 7, 69;

turbed, with the minute hand still pointing to the fatal 8, 69; 9. 66; 11, 15m. 63, and next morning 4, 63;5, The Graham (Volcanic) Shoal-Malta, June 64, and 6,64; and although the period of 11 hours was 19.-Commander Graves, the senior surveying offi

| moment when the grave of thousands was suddenly

opened, and as suddenly closed by the earthquake's not made up of an uninterrupted equilibrium, still the cer in the Mediterranean, whose departure we lately

awful mandate-a wonderful memento-the record, in equilibriums were numerous, viz. the first of 2 hours, announced, in the Locust for the coast of Sicily, un.

a language that is universal, with an emphasis of ex-second of 2 hours-third 6 hours-fourth of two der orders to examine whether from the late earth

pression that speaks in the still small voice that is inhours-fifth of 5 hours, and sixth of two hours. It quakes, or any other cause, the sounding over the

telligible to the contemplative mind. Oft is the tender will also be seen by referring to the storm record on the shoal, formed by the disapearance of Graham Island

bosom swoolen with emotion, while the human eye same page, 588, that on the evening of the 17th, at and Volcano, had suffered any material change or

rests upon the mute monitor-and then busy memory Middle River, Virginia, a thunder storm took place, variation, returned to Malta on the 11th, after having,

travels back to the dreadful moment of awful agony by which a female was killed. On the 19th, violent as we understand, spent two entire days in making

and woe. wind squalls, accompanied by thunder, lightning, his survey ; from the result of which it has been ashail and rain was experienced at Harrisburg, Pa., certained, that, since it was last surveyed in 1841,

PRIVATE RESPONSIBILITY CLAUSE. New-York, Quebec, Rochester, Boston, Portsmouth, the sharp pinnacle then covered by only 1} fathoms

Mr. Townsend in his views of the individual reN. H., and the next day at Bucks County and Dan

water, with deep sounding all around, and an irreg. velle, Pa., New York, Albany, Sand Lake, Pittstown, ular bottom of lava, cinders, &c., has now sunk down

sponsibility of tsockholders in incorporated companies Brunswick, Nassau, Poetens, Kiln, and also at Springto the depth of 32 fathoms, (or as much under, as at

of any kind, beyond the capital actually invested, is field, Mass. its greatest recorded elevation it was above water,)

wrong-for no man who has property would be a Martinique is in latitude 14, 23, 43, to 14, 52, 47,

stockholder in an institution thus shackled, and the and in its descent it has gradually spread out, and N. ; long. 60, 46 to 62, 15 west. The island is moun

private respousibility clause as to a stockholder of no now forms a flat bank, with a sand and coral incrustation of a similar form and appearance to the banks

other property, would be of no value to the public. tainous and the mountains are volcanic. The summit of Montagne Pelee is 4429 feet high, and Piten du marked in Capt. Smyths charts, and named by him

Mr. Townsend would do well to consult the Report nerita, triglia, prima marina patella, &c.; all of which Cabet 3960 feet, Length from N. W. to 8. East 38,

made by himself when Chairman of the Bank Com

mittee in 1839 and 40, when he recorded the fact average breadth about 10 miles. Mean annual tem

no doubt owe their origin to volcanic causes.-Malta perature about 81° and the annual rains average about

that a short crop in England made the Bank of Eng. Mail.

land a borrower of the Bank of France, notwithstandabout 85 inches.

“SUPPOSED EARTHQUAKE.—The Journal of Com ing her immense deposits in gold. At the wresent Guadaloupe is in latitude 15 58 to 16 13 North,

time the Bank of England is overloaded with gold. merce of August 22, contains the following :longitude 61 15 to 61 55 west.

Banking institutions cannot be made by either funda

"Fincastle (Va.) Democrat of the 15th inst., states, A chain of volcanic mountains run through ijs entire

mental or statute law superior to the elements. A that á supposed earthquake' was felt in that vicinity || famine will empty their vaults. length of the S. W. portion termed Guadaloupe proper.

It is the agriculon the 12th inst., between 1 and 2 o'clock. The The mean height about 3000 feet, but the volcano of

ture of a country that form its precious deposits-that shock' (it says) 'was felt by many persons, and was is the mine of wealth--specie compared with corn is Soufriere at its Southern termination has an altitude

accompanied by a sound resembling distant thunder, l of small account-it failed in amount when the Bank of 5,108 feet. It has an area of about 534 square but rather more harsh and protracted. Several obmiles. About 80 inches of water in rain fall annually

of England became a borrower—there was not enough served at the same time a meteor in the south, mov. and the mean annual temperature is about 80.

of it in all the kingdom to buy corn for the people. It " ing from east to west. It was broke into pieces, and Brooklyn Heigh's are the western extremity of Long

was so in the time of the Pharoahs—the money was descended t wards the earth gradually, assuming the Island. "This Island is about 140 miles long and from

exhausted—then the cattle, next the land, and at last appearance of vapor.'

ll the people became slaves.

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