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On June 1846.

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METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.
METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS

METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS
SYNOPSIS
Made at Saltville Washington County, Va., by Mr. || Made at Erasmus Hall Academy, Flatbush, L. I., by

Dr. Strong, and copy of the record of the tempera

W. King, Jr., for the month of June, 1846. Of observations made by L. W. CONKEY, Esq., Syra- |

ture kept at Morris' in Wall Street, N. Y.

TABLE FOR JUNE, 1846. cuse, Onondago County, N. Y. for June, 1846.

JUNE.. 1846.
Remarks.

MORRIS'

FLATBUSH.
State of the weather.

WALL ST.
1.71.83.84.75..west wind, rain, thunder.
2.72.80.81.75..clear and calm.

3.61.79.83.65..west wind, clear. 1.64.79..86..73..

4.70.76.80.66..cloudy, west wind, thunder. 2..69..79..86..65..

5.71.74.72.70..rain all day, S. W. wind. 3..55..69..80..65.. Lunar halo, 9f P. M.

6.66.69.71.71.. west wind, clear. 4..61..76..86..70.. Showery 4 P. M. 7.67.70.71.69..

1617265.... N.E.S.E. Cloudy Fair 163717370 6 63 64..58..54.. Showery 7) A. M., heavy rain 8.67.73.72.70..cloudy, day W. wind.

260 69 640.03 S. E.S. Do. Rain. 163 70 69 68 6..51..59..64..51..

[at 23 P. M. 11
9.65.66.67.66..rain in morning N. E. Wind.

362 8071.... N.WW. Fair. Fair 6579.8077 7. 43.60..70..58.. 10.63.66.68.68..

4.6381720.14 8. Ws. Do. Do. 165 81 8577 8..64..65..70..55.. 11.67.74.75.70..broken clouds, east wind.

5,63 84 730.38 S. WW. Do. Do. 171 82 84 81 9. 44..64..74..50..

12.70.76.76.74..cloudy in morning, 8. E. r. &t. 12. 6617569.... W. IN.w Cloudy Cloudy|65 74 7876 10.51..70..78..65..clouds cirrus 3 & 9 P. M. 13.70.74.73.70..8. E. wind, much rain & loud thun 7 587364.... N.WİN.W Fair. Fair 64 72 7774 11..51..70..76..56..

14.70.-.-.69..Do. from 2 to 4. [der from 12 to 4. 8.58 75 65)....S.WS. Cloudy Do. 164 74 74 72 12..45..62..74..60.. 15.69.77.79.77..cloudy, thunder, east wind.

9'607166.... N.E.S. E. Do. Cloudy 66 76 77 72 13..51..70..80..68.. light cirrus at sunrise. 16.71.78.82.80..clear and calm.

10'59 7365.... S. E.S. E. Do. Fair 166807471 14..58..68..81..68.. light showers 5 A. M. 9 P.M. 17.73.80.85.78..clear fd., W. wind, showers and 11 6075 610.01 s. WS w Do. Rain. 65 76 7573 15..78..74..78..67..

18.74.79.82.80..clear and calm. [thunder at eve. 12 69 70 620.08 N.E.E. Do. Cloudy 65737472 16..56.71..75..63..

19.74.80.80.71..clear and calm in morn. rain and ld. 13'56 68 62 .... E. S. E. Do. Do. 161737370 17.49.70..80..65..

20.70.77.77.69..rain,w.w. thunder (thunder w. w. 14 5875 66).... N.E.S. W Do. Do. 1647779 75 18..55..76..80..68..showery 1 and 6 P. M. 21.65.69.71.63..clear and calm.

15 65 8270.... S. WS. W Do. Fair 67 82 8077 71..70..strong wind 124 P. M. W. E. 22.61.67.68.63.. " "

16 65 8168....N.E.S. E. Fair. Cloudy|7182 84 75 23.59.69.71.65.. ..71..66..54..showery at intervals.

" 1 19

17 5873 69....N.E.S. E. Do. Do. 16679 7873 52..52..46.. light showers at do. 24.58.69.70.64..

18 63 76 71)....S.WS. Cloudy Fair 6579.8076 22..43..50..56..47..

25.58.70.72.68..

119 68 82 750.03 S.WS. W Fair. Rain. 72 85 8874 61..68..56..sprinkle of rain 6 P. M. 26.66.74.74.72..

20 67 80 690.07 S. WS. W Do. Do. 17183 85 74 24..49..66..74..62.. 27.72.74.74.70..

21:62 70 660.01 N.W NW Do. Cloudy16417473 68 25..53..68..75..61.. 28.68.73.74.70..

22 52 64 571....W. N.W Cloudy Fair 156 67 68,66 ...70..78..64.. 29.69.75.75.72.. ? ? "

2351 64 600.09 N. N.E. Do. Do. 57 68 68 68 27..55..69.82..68.. 30.69.73.73.69..west wind, rain.

24 53 70 620.01 N.E.S. W Fair. Clondy 60 707570 28.,62..70..80..68..

25 57 74 68 0.04 N.WS. E. Do. Do. 162.7775 73

Salometer, June 2, 5, 8, 12, 15, 19, 26 and 29, 29..62..76..86..69..

26 57 80 700.05 N. 8. E. Do. Rain. 163 818274 30..63..80..90..72..sprinkle of rain.

96o. Temperature of brine on the same days 620. 27 587266....N.E.S. Cloudy Cloudy 6572 7370 RAIN GAUGE.—On the 2d, 0,33-100; 3d, 0,5-100; 4th

W. K., Jr.

28 59 68 64 0.07 S.WS. E. Rain. Do. 166707470 0,6-100; 5th, 0,75-100; 14th, 0,6-100 18th, 0,10-100;

29 62 73,67 0.06 N.E.S. E. Cloudy Do. 166 76 77 73 19th, 2,10-100; 21st, 0,35-100; 220, 0,20-100. Total

30 65 70,690.05 E. S. E. Do. Do. 69 73 7372.

GREAT HEAT IN JULY. quantity of rain in June, 4.00 inches. The heat on Friday the 10th, Saturday the 11th,

1.12 BAROMETER.-The Mercury in the Barometer did not sink below 29,18, nor rise above 29,90, during the and Sunday the 12th of July, was of the same degree

Barometer, at Flatbush June 7.-30,05—30,10whole month. of intensity, but not of the same duration. On Fri

30,05–8th, 30,10-30,20-9th, 30,25—30,25; 10th, Wind.—The wind blew from the east, all day on day the temperature was 94° from 20 minutes past 1,

30,10–30,00--29,95 ; 12th, 29,95_-30,10--30,20;

13th, 30,20-30,15: 14th, 30,05-30,00—29,95 ; 24th, the 12th and 27th.

to 40 minutes past 3 P. M. On Saturday 940 from From the south east, on the 25th

30,00 all day. June 20th, 29,65—29,60—29,65. The 30 minutes past 2 P. M., to 50 m. past 2, and at 30 and 30th. From the south, on the 18th and 29th. li From the west, on the 10th. From the north west on 1 m. past 3. On Sunday 94 from 30 m. past 2, to 40 m. residue of the month from 29,65 to 29,95. the 5th, 6th, 7th, 9th, 16th, 17th, 21st, 22 and 23d.

past 2. At the latter period heavy thunder was heard at
a distance, and at 55 minutespast 2, a wind squall came

* TEMPERATURE.-Friday, July 10th, 4 o'clock, A.M. At sunrise east, 13th, 24th, 26th, 28th. South east |

74; 5,73; 6,74; 7, 77 ; 8, 82; 9, 87 ; 10, 87 1-2 ; 1st, 14th. South 4th. South west, 20, 8th, 19th.

up, and at 3 a heavy rain fell, and the temperature
down to 87. At 4 o'clock it fell to 80°. On Satur-

11, 87 1.2; 12, 91 ; 12 20, 92; 1,93; 1, 20, 94; 2, West 3d, 15th, 20th. North West 11th.

94; 3, 94; 3 40, 94; 4, 93; 5, 91 1-2 ; 6, 90; 7,884; At 9 A. M., east 13th, 24th. South east, 1st, 14th. day morning the 18th of July, the temperature was

8,88; 9,86 1-2 ; 10, 84. Lightning cloud in the west South, 4th, and 28th. South west, 2d, 8th, 19th. West

58° from 4 to 6 o'clock, being a difference of 360 3d, 15th, 20th. North west, 11th, 26th. from half past 3 P. M. of the 12th.

7 P. M. The lowest tem

Saturday 11th, 4 A. M. 78; 5, 78; 6, 79; 7, 82; At 3 P. M. south east 13th. South lst, 4th, 13th, perature on Friday night the 10th July, was 78o. On

8, 86; 9, 91; 10, 90; 11, 91 1-2; 11, 30, 90 ; 12, 14th, 28th. South west 3d. West 2d, 11th, 19th, Saturday night 80. Sunday night 73.

91 1-2; 1,91 1-2 ; 2,92; 2, 30, 94; 2, 50, 94; 3, 93; North west, 8th, 15th, 20th, 26th. North 24th.

3, 15, 93; 3, 30,94; 4, 93 3-4 ; 5, 91; 5, 30, 89 1-2; At 9 P. M. south east 13th. South 1st, 14th. 28th,

6, 88 1-2: 7, 87 ; 8, 87; 9, 86. EQUILIBRIUM.

Lightning storm Soutlı west 3d, 4th, 19th. West, 2d. North west 11th

of

great intensity, bordering the entire northern horizon 15th, 20th, 26th. North, 24th.

On Thursday night 16th, and Friday |

until midnight. Mr. Underhill's house, in East BrookClear WEATHER 9th, 12th and 17th. Clear at

lyn, struck by a terrific thunderbolt at 11 P. M. Sunrise 4, 7, 9, 10, 12, 17, 18, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30. morning the 17th, there was an equilib Sunday July 12, 4 A.M. 80;5, 78 1-2; 6, 80; 8, 87 ; 9. A.M. 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 17, 18, 24, 25.

rium temperature of 11 hours, from 9 9, 89 1-2; 10,90; 11, 90 ; 12, 91; 1, 91 1-2 ; 2, 98 3 P.M. 9, 12, 17, 26. 9 P.M. 3, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 22, 25, 26, 30.

1-2; 2, 30, 94 ; 2, 40, 92; 2,55, 90; 3,87 ; 3, 5, 85; P. M. of the 16th, to 8 A. M. of the 17th,

3, 15, 84 ; 3, 30, 82; 3, 45, 81; 4,80 ; 4, 20, 82 ; 6, Entire cloudiness all day, 5, 20. 21. Cloudy at sun preceded by a sudden depression of tem

ded by a sudden depression of tein- 82 ; 7, 82 ; 8, 81; 9, 80 1-2 ; 10, 10,79. rise on 7 days exclusive of the foregoing—at 9 A.M. four days, at 3 P. M. 3 days, and 9 P. M. 4 days. perature of 3 degrees. A storm follow

THUNDER STORMS. No thunder and lightning during the month. Dew ed. Such a state of the atmosphere in

Saturday June 19, a thunder storm at Albany compoint June 2, 3 p. m., 73. On the 7th at sunrise 34,

the year 1846 has frequently occurred, menced at half-past 2 P. M. and lasted an hour, during and the same on the 23d. On the 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 28, 29, and 30th, 50, and above and has in every instance been preceded | which rain fell in great abundance, and the streets

were flooded. with the exception of the morning of the 6th and 17th, by an Earthquake; it is therefore reason Friday, June 18, at 3 P; M- a violent thunder storm when it was 46. On the 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 21,

was experienced at Troy. able to presume that an earthquake pre22, 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27 below 50.

The lightning was very ceded the equilibrium of the 16th and

vivid, and the thunder heavy, rain abundant. The

lightning struck in the river a few feet astern of the STATE OF THERMOMETER at the different Telegraph || 17th, produced the equilibrium.

little steamer Maria, and made the water boil like a stations, July 11, morning and afternoon. At Balti

boiling cauldron. more, 8 o'clock, A. M., 9010; 9,92 1-3; 10, 93 1-2 ; TEQUILIBRIUM.-Monday, July 20, 8 o'clock

At Buffalo, a thunder storm commenced on Monday 11, 94 1-12; 12 M. 94 1-2; 1 P. M. 95 1-2 ; 2 1-2, P. M., temperature 68°; 9, 68 ; 10, 68; 12, 68.

morning before 1 o'clock, and lasted for an hour with 96 1-2. Washington, 15 minutes to 3, 94. At Phil. 11 Tuesday July 21, 1 o'clock A. M. 68 ; 2, 68; 3, 68 ;

great violence. The lightning was intensely vivid adelphia, 10 A. M. 98 1-20; 11, 99 1-2; 12, 101 ; ! 4,68 ; 5, 68; 6, 68; 7,68 ; 8, 70; 9, 70, and a rain the whole time. A stable in Ğay Street was struck 12 1.2 P. M., 101 1-2 ; and at 2 1-2, 103 1-2. At Will and great humidity of atmosphere. The state of the by lightning and a horse killed. The steeple of St. mington, Del., 2 1-2 P. M. 89 1-2. New-York, at 2 | atmosphere for 11 hours was that of great quietude. Mary's Catholic Church, and several other buildings 1-2 P. M. 99 1-2. A rain storm followed.

were struck and injured.

LIFE INSURANCE.

Gazette, which I have partially perused with great The New-York Life and Trust Company with a

interest, as there are many principles there reviewed

with which I was formerly familiar, being the antipermanent capital of One Million of Dollars, safely

podes of our notions here of Municipal Government. invested, make Life Insurance both on the mutual The great length of time that has elapsed since your and on the old plan.

letter came to hand, makes it my duty to apologize.

I had laid it by, and have a number of specimens of David THOMPSON, Esq., formerly cashier of the

the kind you request, ready for transmission to you, Bank of America, son of JONATHAN THompson, for and I had overlooked or forgotten your request to drop merly collector of the Port of New-York, has been you a line, and I have been most of the time since last

fall from home, and when home my health bas been elected President of the New York Life and Trust

such as to unfit me for promptness; but I should long Company, and has entered upon the duties of the office.

since have forwarded the specimens to you had I been WM. BARD, Esq., a gentleman of high standing in our able to get a conveyance. We are 36 miles from the community, is the actuary of the Company. With

railroad to Augusta, and thence to Charleston, and the

road to Macon is torn up, and repairing, and I could such officers the company will command an extensive

not send them without incurring an expense altogether business. The Board of Directors of the Company too great for the value. I will endeavor to convey are worthy, good men, ofhigh standing in this commu

them to Macon and thence to Savannah, by the latter

part of this month. In regard to examinations for nity. Many of our numerous readers in the 59 dif

gold, I will mention that it does not appear to be conferent counties of this state to whom this paper is for fined to any particular rock or strata. We find gold warded will feel a satisfaction in knowing that our

veins running paralell with and crossing mica slate (or

inferior granite), iron, sand stone (black and grey), City possesses a Company with such ample capital,

and sometimes with veins of iron ore and lead glance. and that it is under the direction of such worthy and We test by washing the surface in a gadau pan shaking good men. This Company in the event of a loss may it and pouring off the sand until nothing but the gold be relied upon for a prompt and equitable adjustment.

remains; or by digging down in the branches until

we come to a compact gravel, then cut through this In a future number we will endeavor to say some and get some gravel off the slate, as we call it, (which thing more full in regard to Life Insurance.

is generally little else than decomposed granite or The New-York Life Insurance and Trust Company

mica and fieldspar, and is of all colours, sometimes a

fine blue green, tinged with purple yellow or white, have issued a prospectus setting forth the plan on

feels greasy to the fingers, and dissolves instantly in which they propose in future to insure lives. They | water). Thirty or forty particles of gold á to as propose to insure on their old system at reduced rates, large as the head of a common pin, if found in a This is proprietary, and allows to the insured no par

gadau of earth will pay $1 per day to the hand. The

gold is always found in a flint or quartz gravel, and ticipation in profits, but gives to them the security of

and our veins are compact fractured flint or quartz. the Company's capital that their policies will be The quartz are milky, yellow, white, greasy, brown, promptly paid when due. Thus affording security

cellular, with oxide of iron in the cells, semi-transpa

rent, and some pure crystal, but we do look for against loss beyond what the tables allow, from climate

gold in the pure crystal'; it attends the veins in or the prevalence of cholera, and other epidemics and small blocks, or in regularly formed crystals, bnt in infectious diseases.

small quantities. We always find common quartz

with the gold, but do not always find the gold in or The Company propose also to insure at their present

with the quartz. If you can find any person who rates on the Mutual plan, in which the profits will be can learn you how to pan with a common gadau tin divided among the insured. They offer for a fixed pan, you will have the knowledge of the miner who period the guarantee of Fifty Thousand Dollars for the

makes his first test, then if you find gold with your pan

try your rockee (the machines we wash in) is a hollow fulfillment of all contracts of Mutual Insurance, and trough 8 ft. long, 1 bar 1 in. high, within 3f feet of the guarantee of their whole capital without limit of the head or end that is planked over, with the plank time, that the premiums paid by the insured shall be

nailed down, 1 bar of the same height within 8 or 10

inches of the mouth, a riddle of punched sheet iron, kept safely and without loss, and faithfully and punctu 4 feet long, 2 feet wide } to of an inch thick, holes ally accumulated at the average rate of interest charged || | within 24 in length, laid on the top and side and by them on all their loans in the city and county of

head boards, 8 in. high, rocked so as to move the

gravel and sand gently from side to side, a stream of New-York. The Company further propose to receive water, 1 inch by 3, running on, a fin. augur hole 1 from the insured, either on the Proprietary or Mutual | lu. above each bar in the centre of the bottom of the system, thirty per cent. of all annual life premiums in

bottom of the rockee to take the gold out of, when

done work rock a few minutes to lessen the quantity their own notes, or to allow them to pay their premi

of sand stirring with the hand, or a stick take off 4 of ams quarterly or semi-annually. The Company will the water, then raise the top end of it, 2 or 3 inches insure single or joint lives, or the life of the longest

and stir and rock until the sand is reduced from 2 quarts

to 3 pints take out in a gadau pan after all the water liver. They will also grant and purchase annuities

is held off, the bottom of the rockee is made a comand make any other contingent contract involving the pressed circle about one inch less than a circle, sides interest of money and the duration of life. The pros

2 in. thick, at the top and 2 ft. from the outside lo

outside, 3 to 4 thick, through the bottom, a piece pectus may be had on application at the office. Its

across the top of the mouth below the lower bar 4 examination is recommended to him who wishes to in. wide, let on with a dovetail and nailed, a mortice secure his wife, or child, or friend, or dependant, against through the cross piece, and a hole in the bottom of the suffering his death would occasion either of them

the rockee below the box to rock by, set at such an

angle that the boy can take hold to rock with ease. should he leave them unprovided for.

If you think of going to make tests soon, I will with

pleasure give you more particular directions. Our GOLD DIGGING,

rockees are dug out of solid poplar, as called in NewIn the Cherokee Country. State of Georgia.

York, whitewood, the inside must be smooth.

"I am, Sir, There is a 0. 8. Mint, for coining gold, in this neigh

“Your ob't. servant, borhood.

“JOHN B. WICK. Copy of a letter addressed to the Editor from JOHN B. Wick, Esq., of Villa Rica, Georgia.

“To E. Meriam Esq,, New-York.

No. 1. Residuent sand, from the washing for gold “Villa Rica, Carroll Co., Ga..? from the granite formation from surface washings, “May 12th, 1846. }

- taking all the surface from 12 to 24 inches deep; the Dear Sir,--Mrs. Bryant handed me your favor of | residuent sands from the branch washing are precisely the 14th Oct., and also the Numbers of the Municipal || the same, except when we approach near the range

of iron sand stone, when it contains more black iron sand.

No. 2. Mica slate, or granite. The gold veins run in this rock mostly, and it composes the back bone of our country. We find some gold in the iron sand stone, but the veins in it are small and poor.

No. 3. Two pieces of iron sand stone. It runs parallel to the gold or granite range, both sides of it, and appears to be a primitive formation.

No. 4. Crystalized quartz

No. 5. Crystalized quartz, regular formation and fractured.

No.6. A green micagrous rock accompanying the gold range between the granite and the sand stone formation, also runs in a range south of the sand stone, and is always in a narrow belt.

No. 7. Iinperfect crystals.

No. 8. Vein Rock blended with mica, a frequent ore of gold, but our veins that are the richest ore are generally compact quartz, with micagrous quartz adjoining the slate or bedding of the vein.

No. 9. Vein rock of the best appearance this kind is generally rich in gold.

No. 10. Vein rock with gold shining in it from South Carolina, but this is not regarded as better than those ores where it is fine.

No. 11. Pyretous iron ore, often contains gold.
No. 12. Vein rock, from a rich gold vein.

No. 13. Lead ore, which may contain silver; has not been analyzed.

No. 14. Loose rock thrown into the box, being from the branch and surface washings on the granite formations.

No. 15. Carburet of iron, always found in the workings.

All the above specimens are from my workings except where they are otherwise designated. J. B. W.

Villa Rica, Georgia, is named after a town of the same name in Brazil, capitol of the province of Mina's Geraes, on the Ouro Preto. This town is situate on the declivity of a high mountain. It is the head quarters of the gold mining district in Brazil. There is a mint here. The gold found in the mountains on which the town is built is found in a matrix of slaty clay schist resting on a granite, gneiss, or sand stone.

In the table lands in Mexico, gold and silver is found embeded in Porphyry and Hornblende. Quartz is absent. In the mines of Comanja silver is found in Syenite. in Guanaxuato, the richest mines in Mexico in clay slate and talc slate. Those of Real del Cardonal, Xacala and Somo del Toro, in a bed of transition lime stone. The precious metals are also found in the same districts with iron.

At Schemnitz, in Hungary, gold is found in a whitish compact limestone, alternating with syenite and porphyry. Ou the borders of Transylvania gold is found in sand like masses of decayed pumice stone.

WINGED ANTS.
Copy of a Letter from H. E. PIERREPONT, Esq., Brooklyn,
New-York.

“ Brooklyn, 13th July 1846. "* Dear Sir,

" I send you some insects which frequent Mr. Gouverneur Morris's house, and are supposed to have been brought by his father to this country in some French furniture. From their habits they are supposed to belong to the EPHEMERA, as their disappearance is as sudden as their visit-and like the ineects of that genus they come in great numbers, pouring out of cracks and holes and covering the floors of basement rooms. I have compared them with the description and engraving of the ephe. mera, but they do not resemble them so much as the very numerous family of ants. I am no entamologist and will not venture to class or name the insect-if you can do so, I shall be pleased to hear from you.

"With much regard,

"I am yours,

* HENRY E. PIERREPONT. " E. Meriam, Esq."

These insects are the winged ant, described in this voulume, p. 331—they take wing in summer.-Ed.

LIGHTNING.--Two persons, L. Conuel, and Chancey Walker, the former a Seargent and the latter a Corporal, belonging to the two Reg. U. S. Infantry were killed by lightning during a thunder storm at Šault St. Maria, a few days since.

OMINOUS.

came upon a cherry tree on the opposite side of the present month, while sitting at the window of my Capt. Freemont's visit to the top of the highest Moun

house, which is within ten feet of the window beside study, in quiet contemplation that a splendidly beau

which is my writing table, and commenced singing tiful Butterfly made its appearance near me. With tain in North America.

its sweet notes. Since then this bird has visited this a magnifying glass I examined this wonderful creature During our mornings's ascent, we had met no tree several times a day, and at each visit sings a -its wings were spangled with feathers ornamented sign of animal life, except the small sparrow like

pretty song. On the fourth of July this bird came with the brightest silver-it had a crest like the goldbird already mentioned. A stillness the most pro

upon the tree quite often—the weather was rainy, and en pheasant, and its antenaes were of the richest purfound, and a terrible solitude forced themselves cen

the boys were firing crackers, and then it did not sing. || ple fringed with golden yellow, and shaded by a lovely stantly on the mind as the great features of the

Last year I restored a young bird of the same species green-its body was covered with ash colored feathers place. Here, on the summit, where the stillness

to its parents, and it is possible these may be the of a silky lustre-its legs were of a rich pink, and was absolute, unbroken by any sound, and the so

same birds. These birds are sweet singers, and are furnished with a slight covering of ash colored feathers. litude complete, we thought ourselves beyond the

often heard on the tops of the trees in Brooklyn, I placed the pretty creature on one of my fingers and region of animated life; but while we were sitting

singing at an early hour in the morning. Their notes removed it to a boquet of flowers-it seemed delighted on the rock, a solitary bee (bromus, the humble bee,

are much like those of the canary. This biru is about with the change and flew from flower to flower with an came winging his flight from the eastern valley, and

the size of the canary, and of an olive green color on activity that seemed to evidence great satisfaction. lit on the knee of one of our men.

its back, with a light colored breast, is of a slender Less than a month ago this beautiful Butterfly was an " It was a strange place, the icy rock and the form and very bright eyes.

humble, hated worm. It has passed that change alloted highest peak of the Rocky Mountains, for a lover of There is much real and abiding satisfaction in ren to it by nature, and entered upon a new state of exwarm sunshine and flowers; and we pleased our dering kindnesses to these little birds--they are sensi- istence, which although one of great apparent pleasselves with the idea that he was the first of his spe ble of kindness and very grateful for favors—they ure, is at the longest of but a few day's duration. cies to cross the mountain barrier-a solitary pioneer bring a blessing with them when they come, and leave to foretell the advance of civilization. I believe one when they depart-their visits are therefore twice

THE HUMBLE BEE. that a moment's thought would have made us let him blessed. continue his way unharmed ; but we carried out the It was the pretty Dove that was commissioned by

During a heavy wind in the month of May, wo law of this country, where all animated nature seems the Great Patriarch of the Deluge to examine the

discovered one of these fall in the yard, and apat war; and, seizing him immediately, put him in at state of the earth, and of the waters, which returned

peared disabled; poor puss was close upon the fallen least a fit place-in the leaves of a large book, among || bearing an Olive branch in its month. The Raven

bee, but we were almost as quick upon puss, and the flowers we had collected on our way. The ba- was the favored messenger charged with an errand of

released the insect, placed it in comfortable quarrometer stood at 18.293, the attached thermometer mercy by Him who made the World, to one of his

ters, and endeavoured to feed it with some sugar; at 44o; giving for the elevation of this summit ancient Prophets.

but it refused the food, and for about twenty-four 13,570 feet above the Gulf of Mexico, which may Birds possess intelligence-discover a retentive

hours seeined failing; but on being furnshed with be called the highest flight of the bee. It is cer memory and are grateful for kindnessess.

some fresh flowers, it revived, and in the course of tainly the highest known flight of that insect." Men can profit by the teachings of the most humble

a few hours regained its strength and its energy, Capt. Fremont's Tour, page 69. Published by order of God's creatures.

raised itself by its wings, and flew away. I would of the Congress of the United States.

not exchange the gratitude of this humble insect,

for all the bloody laurels ever gained upon the field This act, we have no doubt, Capt. Freemont will

MOUNT HECLA.

of battle in the slaughter of the human race. remember to the latest day of his life, and regret it The Journal of Commerce of July 3, states that as long as that memory lasls.

letters from Copenhagen of April 10. states that the
eruptions of Hecla commenced on the 2d of Sept.

ADIRONDACK GEMS.
BIRDS.

1845, and ceased about the 5th of April, 18-16, having Among the geological sgecimens we collected upon

been in activity seven months. Mount Hecla is in the Adirondack Mountains, is a pretty gein of a Thursday morning June 13th, my little daughter in

latitude 63 20, and Copenhagen in latitude 55, 41. It bright green color, which on being placed in an atformed me there were several young birds flying about

is probable therefore, that there is some error in dates. mosphere heated to the temperature of 212 of Fahrenthe street, and that the boys were endeavoring to

heit, becomes luninous and exceedingly brilliant, and catch them. I immediately set out in pursuit and

in a few moments after acquiring this luminous state, soon found the little creatures the boys had caught;

THE PRODUCT OF LABOR.

explodes and lies into fragments. The fragments on two of them, and the parents were flying about in

The human race are not the only portion of anima becoming cold resemble pieces of flint glass, being great distress. The boys willingly gave the young

ted nature engaged in industry, in labor, in trial, for perfectly transparent and without color. The appearbirds up to me, and I laboured nearly an hour to the support of Lite. The Bee labors, and the product

ance of this stone during its illuminated state is exinduce the parent birds to follow their young to the

of the industry of that insect in Honey and Wax, is ceedingly beautiful, the color that of heated iron trees near my dwelling, and at last succeeded; frequent

immense, forining two items large in amount in the while enduring a white heat. ly the mother would fly within a few feet of me, and

list of articles of Commerce. The Silk Worm labors I could see that her eyes were perfectly red, produced

and the product of its industry is vastly great-all the by the excited feelings. I procured a ladder and silk made use of by the human race, is the product

BUTTERFLIES. ascended a tree, and placed the young birds upon a

of the Silk Worm. The Ant labors—the Beaver also On the 24th of June, about the middle of the afterlimb, out of harm's way; but one of them flew down

labors, and we could go on with a long list, but what noon, I noticed about twenty large caterpillars directupon the ground, I caught it and placed it in a cage

we have stated is enough for our present purpose. ing their march over the side walk to the front area of and hung the cage on a limb that reached near a

Human labor when put iu requisition yield results my dwelling. I immediately provided myself with window of my house. The parent birds followed

that are vast and almost beyond estimate. Individu a little bush that they could lay hold of, and carefully their little offspring and fed it throngh the wires of ally and collectively, one or both, the results are equally removed all of them to my cabinet, and shut the door; the cage. The following day a sudden gust came up important. If a Railroad is to be laid down, or a next morning all of them had become attached to the and I removed the cage inside the house and near

Canal is to be excavated—the work is soon accom underside of the shelves and hung pendant by a gluthe window, leaving the window open, and the parents

plished if human labor is brought into requistion. tinous substance which exuded from the head of the followed it and fed the young bird inside the house.

Not slavish labor, but that aid which allows the labor. insect. The following day the young bird, by the aid of the

er his proportionate share of the results and which This morning at 4 o'clock, I opened my cabinet to mother got through the wire of the cage, and escaped

requires from him his proportionate share of the out give it the refreshing morning air, and closed it again -but a few minutes after I saw the bird fly down upon

lay. Millions of our race suffer hunger and cold at 5 o'clock, but had occasion to open it several times the pavement, while the mother flew after it to pre

because they are unconscious of the power that is in afterwards. At a little before 8 o'clock my little daughvent it from encountering too great a risk. I caught them to support themselves by the labor of their own

ter espied a pretty butterfly that had just made its apthe young bird and replaced it in the cage, and the

hands. Public works constructed at the cost of the mother immediately came and fed it, and seemed

pearance in the cabinet; on opening the door a fow public treasury, are by many considered unauthorised | minutes afterwards, six others bore it company. satisfied with the care I had taken of it. I then re

by the great covenant of the people made by each moved the cage to a small bed room, and placed it with the others.

Counting from the morning of June 25th, when If such a principle is not

rporaupon a chair near the window, fastened the door and ted in the paramount fundamental law-it should be,

they became attached, to the morning of July 9th, left the window open for the mother to come in and and it would be well to let it take the place of the cost

when they emerged from the chrysalis, there are 15 feed her little one. She came frequently and fed it, of gun-powder and fire-arms which are producing so

days of 24 hours each. and a little before sundown left it for the night. On much mischief in the world and probably drawing

The humble and hated caterpillar crawling to its Sabbath morning the parent bird came a little after our nation toward the realms of perdition.

rest to await the change appointed to its race by nature 4 o'clock, and fed the young bird, and repeated the

in a little less than than 16 days becomes a beautiful visits very frequently while I was in the room. At

butterfly and soars aloft amid the morning sunbeams about ten o'clock she came near the window and

THE BUTTERFLY.

occasionally alighting upon flowers to taste their sweet, seemed anxious to have the little bird set at liberty, It is instructive to the human mind to watch the || and at last after a few days of recreation and pleasure, and the little bird seemed impatient under restraint, changes which the humblest worm that crawls upon | retires calmly to its place of rest and change,-how inand as it had acquired strength to fly I placed it on a the earth, is heir to. Nature, in the bounteous pro structive to man. Nature, and Nature's God as seen long stick, reached it out towards its mother, while

fusion of her gifts, has made provision for the humblest in the terrific earthquake-its calm, its storm, or in the she sat waiting on the limb of a tree, at a few feet

worm, and endowed it with the needful faculties and || labors of the worm crawling under foot to enter an distant. The little one flew upon the tree, and from nstructed it in whatever pertains to its weifare. Man | humble gate to reach its change--all afford that evitree to tree the parent following it, both apparently grudges to the humblest worm its morsel of food dence which should produce profitable conviction in greatly rejoiced,-a feeling in which I largely par- | which nature has caused to grow for its use.

the human mind. ticipated. Some days after one of the parent birds It was in the stillness of a clouded morning of the || July 9, 1846.

by the great corc

ha principle is not innorpo

Earthquake of April 22d. 1846. Monday April 13th, 4 o'clock A, M, 38; 6,37 ; 7, J., its southern extremity terminated at an elevation

42; 9, 50; 12, 51 ; 1, 50 ; 4,41; 5, 39; 7, 39. about midway between its centre and the horizon, in The suggestion we made in the Muni

Tuesday 14th, 4 o'clock A. M. 31°; 6, 33; 8.41; the direction of Fort Hamilton, L. I. The clouds in cipal Gazette, No. 41, of June 1, 1846, 9, 46 ; 10, 45; 2, 3, 52; 4, 51; 6, 51 ; 7, 49.

the south west were of a deep violet tinge of the

Wednesday 15th 4 o'clock A. M. 43; 7, 46; 10, softest hue; at the north, the great ethereal canopy that an earthquake had taken place on

51; 11, 48; 12. 49; 1, 2, 3, 50; 4, 48 ; 5, 47 ; 8, was without a cloud-on the heights of Staten Island, 22d day of April has been verified. An

six miles distant, the glass windows of the dwellings arrival from Sicily brings an acount that

Thursday 16th, 5 o'clock A. M. 32 ; 7, 36; 8, 43 ; were glowing with the bright rays of the morning

9, 46; 10, 48; 11, 12, 50; 1, 2, 3, 51; 4, 49; 5, Bun, which they reflected in a blaze of light that apa severe shock of an earthquake did take 48; 6, 46; 7, 42.

peared like sheets of the sun itself in its meridian place on that day at Catania, a city of Friday 17th, 5, 6, A. M. 40; 7, 8, 46; 10, 53 ; 11, splendor-it was a beauteous, lovely, charming mornabout 70,000 inhabitants, near the foot

56; 12, 59; 1, 62; 2, 64; 3, 66 ; 4, 68 ; 5, 64; 6, ing to commence a Christian's Sabbath-the air was 60; 7. 58; 8, 56.

still, even the wind was sleeping-a ferry steamer was of Mount Ætna. Catania is more than Saturday 18th, 5 o'clock A. M. 52; 7, 55; 8, 62; rolling its active wheels upon the waters of the bay-all 89 degrees of longitude east of my place

9, 66 ; 10, 67; 11, 71 ; 12, 72 ; 1, 2, 3, 78; 3 1-2, else was still. I looked around to endeavor to ascertain 80; 4, 79; 5, 74; 6, 70; 7, 67 ; 8, 66; 9, 63.

if any other human being was beholding and enjoyof observation, or 4,400 miles.

Sunday 19th 5 o'clock 55; 6,57 ; 7,55; 8, 65 ; 9, ing this beauteous scenery, I searched in vain, and From the Municipal Gazette No. 41, June 1, 1846. 67 ; 10, 66 ; 12, 70 ; 2, 68; 3,70; 4, 67 ; 5, 65; 6, regretted that this gorgeous exhibition was lost to We have no account of earthquakes on the 22d of April but the 62 ; 7, 58; 8, 52; 9, 51 ; 10, 59; 12, 58.

thousands of our race.

E. M. Monday 20th, 4 o'clock 48; 7, 49; 9, 50; 10, 53; peculiar state of the temperature gives abundant reason to suppose

From the Brooklyn Star of May 5. 11, 62 ; 12, 64; 1, 66 ; 2, 3, 67 ; 4, 63; 5, 60; 6, an earthquake took place on that day near the equator. It may be

THE TEMPERATURE—THE LIGHTNING58 ; 8, 57. that we may never hear of it, fo: bad that at Memphis, or Mays

THE WEATHER. Tuesday 21st 5 o'clock 49; 7, 53 ; 8, 62 ; 9, 67 ; ville, or Cincinnati, taken place in the wilderness, where no news 10, 70; 11, 72; 12, 78; 1,79 ; 2, 80; 3, &1; 3 1-2,

The complaints of the frequent and sudden changes papers were printed, we probably should never have heard of the 82 ; 4, 81.- April 21st.

of the weather are very common-and. I hear them occurrence.

in every section of the United States in which I travel. On Tuesday afternoon, which is where my last From the Journal of Commerce, Jnly 7, 1846.

communication leaves off, at 5 o'clock 78; 7, 73. The readers of the Star will find by the published " The news from Catania continues to be of the During Tuesday night the temperature decreased 14,

memorandums of my meteorlogical observations, that most alarming character. The shocks of earthquake being at 59 at 4 o'clock Wednesday morning.

these complaints should not be indulged. There are which on

Wednesday morning at 4 o'clock temperature 59 ; sometimes great changes in the atmosphere, but the APRIL 22 1 6, 59; 7,59 ; 9,57 ; 11, 55; 12, 56; 1, 56 ; 2, 56 ;

cause of such changes are not always ascertainable. had been so strong and have left such visible marks 3, 55 ; 4, 54 ; 5, 54 ; 6, 53; 7, 49.

The earthquakes and the lightning have much to do of their action, continued night and day, though in a The temperature on Wednesday evening the 22d, in producing these changes. Each of these exert a less degree to the

most powerful influence upon the temperature of the was stationery 11 hours. At 7 o'clock thermometer 28th, marked 49; it contiued at that during the night-was

atmosphere, sometimes depressing it, and at other when they increased in violence and were repeated at the same at 4, 5, and 6 o'clock this morning, 23d;

times increasing it. The difference may arise from at intervals up to the hour when the last advices were at 7 it rose to 51.

the peculiar temperature of the locality in which the received."

It will be seen by the files of the Star that the action commenced, and varied, as the immediate atFrom the Journal of Commerce, May 16, 1846. 23d of December and 23d of March presented the

mosphere is more or less depressed. Snow and fog. same phenomena as here noticed, on which occasion

I have shewn. in several instances, resulted from one There was a slight shock of an earthan earthquake took place at the South; the same on

and the same cause, the result in each case depends quake at Santa Cruz, (south side of the 30th January and 28th February, and on both of

upon the temperature of the atmosphere in which

the snow fell, or the fog floated ; that earthquakes are these occasions earthquakes took place at the South. Cuba,) on the 28th of April.

April 23d.

E. M.

the immediate cause in some instances and the lightShipwreck on the night of the 29th of April, 1846.

ningin others. I have shewn so conclusively, by record

From the Brooklyn Slar, April 25. - The night of the day succeeding the earthquake at

ed facts, as to leave no doubt, in my own mind, as to Catania, in Sicily. and succeeding the earthquake at

THE WEATHER.

the extraordinary effects of these two great operators. Santa Cruz, in Cuba, both of which took place on the My two memorandurns of the weather &c., pub In atmosphere in which metallic substances are 28th of April, the Ship Gento, from Calcutta for Bos || lished in the Star of yesterday, under one head, ex

floating, in a pulverescent state, as when raised by ton, was shipwrecked at Strays Bay, Cape Anguelas, plains the reference at the close, in the words “where the wind in dust, or absorbed by the water of the near the Cape of Good Hope, and a lady, two children my last communication left off'-- which was at 4 o'clk. atmosphere and held in solution, the lightning may, and a servant, and three of the crew were drowned. on Tuesday in the first, of the two; the second,

in its active movements bring into one compact body Wednesday April 29, at 4 A. M. 50; 5, 50; 6, 50; closed at 7 o'clock Thursday morning.

by magnetic influence and in doing this give it that 7,50; 8,50; 9,50 ; 9 1-2, 54; 10, 57 ; 1 1-2,57; 3,

Thursday 8 o'clock A. M. 54; 9, 55; 10, 58 ; 11, impetus which puts it in such rapid motion, that gathers 55; 4,54 ; 5, 55; 6, 54; 7, 52. Very heavy rain at 63 ; 12, 66; 1, 67 ; 2, 69; 3, 68 ; 4, 64; 5, 61; 6,

heat as it increases in velocity until at length the gennight and some thunder and lightning. A heavy hail 58:7, 55; 9,50: 11, 48.

erating of the inflamable gasses within its body exstorm was experienced at Washington, Pa., and rain

Friday 4 o'clock, A. M. 46 ; 7, 47 ; 8, 49; 9, plode it, and throw the fragments through the air to at Boston. 54; 10, 57; 11, 63; 12, 68; 1, 72; 2, 3, 4, 5, 74; 6,

fall in aerolites upon the earth. Thursday, April 30, 4 A. M. 50; 5, 50; 7,53; 8, 72 ; 7, 70; 10, 69.

During the passage of dense clouds through the at58 ; 9,59 ; 9, 1-2, 61; 1 1-2 69; 2,71; 3,72; 3, 69;

Saturday 4, 5, 6, 7 o'clock, A. M. 49; 8, 41. Yes.

mosphere I have noticed that when a heavy thunder5,64 ; 6, 60; 7,59 ; 8, 59 ; 9, 55; 10, 54.

terday morning the fog was so dense on the East River bolt breaks in the clouds, that the convulsions affect that the shore bells were rung as a guide to the boats

the atmosphere to a great distance, and this result is The following extracts illustrate the --the same difficulty was experienced by the Ship

seen most distinctly in its operation upon animal fluids. accuracy of my observations. Henry Clay-making the coast on the 24th of March

Milk in deep cellars is frequently changed by the thunthe day succeeding the earthquakes at Maysville and der, even at a great distance-here is the cause, and From the Brooklyn Star, April 24, 1846.

Cuba, of the 230 March. The 23d Dec. and 28th effect, which are both cognizable by every observing TEMPERATURE, &c. OF THE ATMOSPHERE. Feb. on each of which earthquakes occurred, and the

dairy man. Thus we have a practical illustration of Tuesday April 7th, at 5 o'clock A. M. 44°; 6, 43 ; fog was made into snow. Last night we had black the influence of the thunder upon animal fluids in one 8,53; 9, 58 ; 10, 60; 11,61 ; 12, 60; 1, 62; 2, 62;

clouds entirely overhead and a storm-the same re state, which may justify us in concluding that it has 3, 61; 4, 58 ; 5, 56; 6,55; 7,54; 8, 53 ; 9, 55. sult is stated in the Star in December, January, Feb

some influence on the animal fluids, in all cases. It is Wednesday 8th, 5 o'clock 55°; 6, 56; 9, 58; 10,

ruary and March following each earthquake. E. M. true that thunder is not heard by the inhabitants of 60; 11, 56 ; 12, 56; 1, 57 ; 2, 57 ; 3, 59 ; 4, 59; 5, From the Brooklyn Star, April 27, 1846. every part of the earth-yet notwithstanding, it is 6, 7, 56 ; 8, 54.

certain that the inhabitants of every part of the earth Thursday 9th, 5 o'clock, A. M. 39; 6, 40; 8, 45;

TEMPERATURE, ECLIPSES, &c.

feel its influence although they may not be aware of 9, 48; 10, 48; 11,50; 12, 52; 1, 53; 2, 3, 52; 4, Saturday had a clouded atmosphere which mantled the cause. The well observed changes of the tem53 ; 5, 50; 6, 46 ; 7, 48; 8, 43.

the Eclipse. The 23d, 24th, 25th and 26th, have perature, hourly, half hourly and quarter hourly, for Friday 10th, 5 o'clock A. M. 38 ; 6, 40; 8, 47; 10, been more or less cloudy. The temperature from a considerable length of time during the various sea53; 11, 55 ; 12, 58; 1, 60; 2, 59; 3, 57 ; 4, 53; 5,

sunrise to sunset, on Saturday vibrated but go Faren sons of the year, and the careful record of these com6, 50; 7, 8, 48.

heit., 8 o'clock 44; 9, 44; 10, 42: 11, 48; 12, 46 ; pared with other atmospheric changes, are full of inSaturday 11th, 7 o'clock A. M. 56 ; 8, 60; 9, 62 ; | 12 30 minutes, middle of the eclipse, 47; 1, 45; 2, struction, and when taken together form a mass of 10, 64; 11, 12, 1, 68 ; 2, 69; 3,73; 4,70; 5,69 ; 6, 66 ; || 47 ; 3, 47 ; 4, 48 ; 5,51; 6, 48 : 8, 46 : 9, 46.

testimony that carries convincement to the deliberate At 1 o'clock that afternoon a very black cloud, with Sunday, 26th, 5 o'clock, 44; 6, 42 1-2; 7, 44. 9. judgment formed in the human mind. The changea. loose disturbed appendages like stalactites, was visible 47; half past 9, 50; 12, 53; 1, 57; 2, 56; 3, 54 ; 4, bleuess of the weather is the great question to which in the west from the high grounds at Albany. 52 ; 6, 51 ; 7,50 ; 10, 47.

I wish to direct the readers attention, and to the fact On Sunday morning the 12th inst., rain fell about Monday, 27th, 4 o'clock, 43, 5, 42, 6, 43.

that these changes are not so injurious to the human 4 o'clock. At 6 o'clock, temperature 490 ; 11, 49; Sabbath morning, a few minutes past 5 o'clock, a system as is generally considered, and the only diffi12,50; 2, 50; 4, 49; 6, 49. Snow fell at Utica during most beautiful rainbow was visible in the west and culty is, that these changes which is the difficulty, that day three inches deep. I presume that we shali south of west, its centre was vertical at Brooklyn which arises from a neglect to watch their approach. be able to learn something of the cause of this result || Heights, its northern base appeared to extend to the The Journal of Commerce, of Tuesday morning the from the south.

horizon and at a point a little north of Newark, N. || 28th of April contains an account of the death of a

COLU

young man belonging to Norwich, in this state, by In the Island of Grenada, up to the 23d of May,

HON. STEPHEN ALLEN. lightning, on Saturday about one o'clock of the day. || no rain had fallen for a long time and the drouth was We noticed a paragraph in one of the city papers The account is copied from the Norwich Journal. very severe. Comparing the date of the Journal with the mail ar Rain at Flatbush in 1846.

stating that Mr. Allen had been absent from his seat rangements between Norwich and the city of New

January,

4, 16-100 inches. in the Convention. Mrs. ALLEN is sick, and the York it appears that the Saturday referred to must

February,

3, 56-100

absence of Mr. Allen is owing to that cause. The be the 18th of April, the day on which the steamer

March,

2, 78-100 Oregon ran on the rocks at Hurl Gate. The young man April,

3, 01-100

name of Mr. Allen was placed upon the ticket for led å horse of his brother-in-law's into the stable to

May,

7, 18-100

the Convention without previous consultation with keep him out of the storm, and he was struck down June.

1, 12-100

him and it is a sacrifice indeed under the circumstanas he came out of the stable; the horse was also killed. The event took place near Cooperstown, in Otsego Six months.

21, 81 100

ces for him to attend while the health of Mrs. county, about 220 miles from here. On Monday, the

Allen is in its present state. 27th, I sent a communication to the New-York Farmer

Thunder shower at Columbus, Ohio, June 1st. and Mechanic, for the columns of that Journal, in Thunder storm at Ashfield, Mass. Five cattle killed which I suggested the probability that that disaster by lightning, June 19. Snow on the Allegany Moun BURTIS SKIDMORE, OF NEW-YORK. was caused by atmospheric action, at a distance, as tains in Huntingdon, Pa., on the 22d June. On the

The name of Mr. Skidmore was brought before was the case in the shipwreck of the Swallow on the 29th of June a vessel from Liverpool for New-York Hudson, from an earthquake in Mexico; the ship encountered a sudden squall.

the State Convention during debate, a few days since, wreck of the John Minturn on our coast, from a

and some person whispered that Mr. S. was not reslightning storm at Mobile; the shipwreck of the

COMPARISON OF CLIMATE.

spectable. Mr. Brown, a member from Orange, reHenry Clay, packet ship, also on our coast, from an earthquake in Cuba and Maysville. Hurl Gate is a

The following synopsis of observations for the 1 ported the whisper, and Mr. Townsend rose and stated verry narrow strait and might be easily thus affected.

month of June of the present year, made at Saltville, to the Convention, that he was personally acquainted I sent to the Star office some time ago, a newspaper on the south western mountains of Virginia, between

with Mr. Skidmore, and paid him a compliment and printed at Toronto in Upper Canada, which contained

latitude 36 and 37; at Brooklyn Heights, between a report from the Star of an account of the storm of

thus rebuked the whisperer. It was a noble act in Mr. latitude 40 and 41; and Syracuse between 43 and 1 lightning and hail which crossed the Adirondack

44, show the difference of temperature morning, noon | Townsend, for Mr. Skidmore and himself had been mountains, on the 20th of September, to which the and evening.

members of the same board of education at the same publisher of the Canada paper appended a remark,

MORNING AIR.

time and were political opponents. Mr. Townsend that it accounted for the extraordinary commotion in The difference in temperature between Brooklyn the waters of Lake Ontario of that day, during which

honored himself in defending Mr. Skidmore from Heights and Saltville. Va., for the month of June at the sudden ebbing and flowing of the water left one 6 o'clock in the morning is as follows: Saltville, mean

the attacks of the lurking foe. Mr. Skidmore is one of the large Lake Steamers aground at the pier at 670 16-30. Brooklyn Heights, 63 14-30. Difference of our most active business men—a man of great Port Hope. The reader will perceive by referring to | 4 2,300. The average temperature at sunrise, at my meteorlogical memorandums published in the Star

personal independence of character-who knows no Syracuse for the month of June was 55° 12-30, and of the 24th of April that the temperature on Saturday on Brooklyn Heights for the same time 57° 02-30.

fear in a good cause. Mr. Skidmore has paid immense the 18th, in the morning at 5 o'clock was 520 ; 7,55; Difference 1° 20-30.

sums of money for shameful and outrageous assess8, 62; 9, 66; 10, 67; 11,71; 12, 72; 1, 2, 3, 78; Heat of the Middle of Day.-The average heat at

ments and he deems the assessment abuses a matter haff-past 3, 80; 4, 69; 5, 74; 6,70 ; 7,67 ; 8, 66; 2 P. M. for the month of June at Saltville was 75 9, 63. 3-30, and the average temperature at Brooklyn Heights

which the State Convention should remedy by guardThe young man, it will be noticed, was killed at

for the same hour for the same month, 73 25-30°, ing the citizens against such imposition in future. His 1 o'clock P. M., the temperature here, it will be seen, Difference 10 8-30. Thus the difference between the efforts in this, deserve high commendation. was fixed for three hours, viz: 1, 2, 3, and at 78, an mountain air of Saltville, and the ocean air of Brookextraordinary high temperature. At the time the

lyn Heights is greater at night than during the day. thunderbolt broke upon the young man the atmos At Syracuse, at 3 P. M., during the month of June

STATE CONVENTION. phere here became fixed. the average temperature was 750 4-30. On Brook

EQUALIZATION OF TAXATION. The temperature of the atmosphere from the time lyn Heights for the same hour during the same month

The Hon. Solomon TOWNSEND has offered in the my account published in the Star of April 27th leaves

the averge temperature was 73° 29-30. Difference off, to the date of this memorandum is as follows, viz:

State Convention a resolution to equalize Taxation, as 1° 5-30.

follows: Monday morning, 27th, 9 o'clock, 61; half-past 9, 64; The highest temperature at Syracuse in June was

" Resolved, That the Committee on the Public 12, 65; 1, 66 ; 2, 58; 3, 69; 4, 67 ; 5, 65; 6, 62; 90o--the lowest 41. Difference 49°.

Revenues (No. 3) be required to consider the propri9, 57 ; 10, 55.

The highest temperature at Saltville in June was

ety of instituting by Constitutional enactment a State Tuesday, 28th, 4 o'clock, 48; 5, 48; 6, 52; 7,58 ; 859, the lowest 58–differenee, 27°.

Board of Assessors with power to equitably adjust the 8. 64: 2. 72: 3.71 1-2 : 4, 67 ; 5, 65 ; 6, 60; 7, 58; The highest temperature on Brooklyn heights during

relative appraisement of the real and personal estate 9, 53; 10, 50.

the month of June was 84°—the lowest 520. DifferWednesday, 29th, 4 o'clock, 50; 5,50 ; 6, 50; 7,

in the several counties with reference to a just and ence 32o. 50; 8, 50; 9, 50.

uniform system of state or national taxation." Evening Air.—The average temperature of the

This is an important measure—the equitable valuThus we have another night in which the atmosevening atmosphere for the month of June at Saltville

ation of the property, however has nothing to do with phere has been stationery in temperature. This morn on the south western mountains of Virginia, near the

the imposition of the tax—the valuation is made by ing rain fell in a gentle shower between 7 and 8 Tennessee line, at 9 o'clock was 70° 09,30; at Syrao'clock. Rain fell at Baltimore during the eclipse on

one sei of officers, and the tax imposed by another; cuse, Onondago County, N. Y., 61° 23-30, and at

unless we come to a tariff of “ national taxation," in Saturday and the day following. Brooklyn New-York, 650 23-30. Thus there is go

which each particular species of property is to be From the Brooklyn Star, April 30, 1846. 16-30 difference between Syracuse and Saltville, and

assessed, a specific amount--as for example, a gold THE WEATHER. 40 16-30 between Brooklyn Heights and Saltville.

watch $10; a silver watch $2; a diamond ring, $50.

The difference in longitude between Brooklyn Thursday moruing 4 o'clock, April 30.--The tem

and a plain gold ring $1, &c. When we come to that Heights and Saltville is about 8 degrees, equal to 32 perature yesterday reached 57°, and vibrated con

state of things voters will attend the polls, every mothminutes difference at sunrise, unless varied by the siderably—the lowest point was 50, at which it now

er's son of them, and change all rulers forthwith. altitude of the ground on which Saltville is built above is. During the night it fell 20.

Voluntary payments in the shape of duties upon fortide water, and the height of mountains east of SaltIn my communication sent you yesterday, I stated

eign goods is the easiest and best way of supporting ville and contiguous thereto. The difference in long. the fixedness of the temperature the previous night.

the general government, and as far as State taxation is between Brooklyn Heights and Syracuse is about 20 I have now to notice the profuse storm which follow

concerned, 'retrenchment" (Governor Morton recom15' or nine minutes difference in the rising of the sun. ed. It will be seen by referring back to my pub

mended) as a substitute. lished memorandums that a storm followed the same

State Governments are designed for the administra

Equilibrinm.-Temperature July 26, 9 P. M. 690, state of atinosphere December 23; January 31 ; Feb.

tion of law, and not for carrying on either farming, 1 and continued at that until near 8 o'clock A. M. 27th. 28, March 23, and April 23—(at the South)—and now

mercantile, mechanical, manufacturing or Commercial of yesterday, of the 28th here. E. M.

business. UNITED STATES WAREHOUSING BILL. Massachusetts has a system of adjusting the assessSenator Dix, while this bill was under considera

ments in the different counties of the State and making FALL OF RAIN FOR THE MONTH OF JUNE.

them all equal a good system. tion in the Senate of the United States, remarked At Rochester N. Y., 4,96-100 inches. At Phila

We hope Mr. Townsond will not dream of national that it originated with himself and a merchant

direct taxation. Such a measure would change the delphia, Pa., 3,30-100. At Flatbush, N. Y., 1,12-100. in the city of New-York, now a member of the New

occupancy of every office in the Union. At Syracuse, N. Y., 4 inches. At Athens, Georgia, York State Convention. That member of the State 9, 93-100 inches of Rain fell between the 1st and 20th

An individual who consumes a dutiable article pays Convention is the Hon. SOLOMON TownsEND. Mr. of June. Townsend made a voyage to Europe in 1845, and

a voluntary tax, but if a direct tax is to be levied, Rain commenced falling at Baltimore, June 30th,

then he must pay an arbitrary tax. one of the objects of his visit to England was to learn and continued for 24 hours, doing great damage. something of the warehousing system in that country. A direct tax might have the effect of preserving

Accounts from Ponce, Porto Rico, of June 12th, say Mr. Townsend is a practical man, and has been found peace, for an aggressive war cannot long be continued that the rains of late have been heavy.

a useful member of every public body in which he by arbitrary taxation, and we want no war, for the Rain fell in Barbadoes early in April. had a seat.

penalty, is fearfully awful

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