Gambar halaman

obstruction to this navigation. One would suppose $ 5. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor ex- | nor shall the sale of lottery tickets within this State that this question would be readily answered by any cessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual punish be allowed. : person, having a general knowledge of the character ments inflicted.

1 and commerce of the Connecticut River. It is hardly 0

0 17. No purchase on contract for the sale of lands 6. The free exercise and enjoyment of religio us profession and worship, without discrimination or

in this state, made since the seventeenth day of Octopossible to suppose that this bridge, with its piers

ber, 1775, or which may hereafter be made of, or with preference shall forever be allowed in this State to in the bed of the river, and its train of cars passing perhaps hourly upon it, and passing still more

the Indians in this state, shall be valid, unless made all mankind; but the liberty of conscience hereby sefrequently as time advances and business increases, cured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of

under the authority and with the consent of the Legis. licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with should not be such an obstruction. And it would seem

lature. to be a decisive answer to the inquiry, that if this the peace or safety of this State.

Ø 18. Such parts of the common law, and of the bridge will not be an obstruction to this navigation,

07. All such in habitants of this State, of any reli acts of the Legislature of the Colony of New York, then another and ano' her might be authorised, until gious denomination whatever. as from scruples of con as together did form the law of the said Colony on the whole river would be bridged, from its mouth to science may be adverse to bearing arms, shall be ex. the nineteenth day of April, 1775, and the resolutions the port, which would be, thereby, effectually shut, cused therefrom by paying to the State an equivalent of Congress of the said Colony and of the Convention and its commerce annihilated.

in money; and the Legislature shall provide by law of the State of New-York in force on the twentieth It affords me satisfaction to believe, that the grant for the collection of such equivalent, to be estimated day of April, 1777, which have not since expired or of this exclusive right to this company, is not neces. according to the expense in time and money of an been repealed or altered; and such acts of the Legissary, nor of any great importance to any portion of our ordinary able-bodied militiainan.

lature of this State as are now in force, shall be and citizens who desire it. The inhabitants of the valley 0 8. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus continue the law of this State, subject to such alteraof the Connecticut River, and the inhabitants residing shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of re tion as the Legislature shall make concerning the same; upon the route of the proposed Railroad. have res bellion, invasion, the public safety may require its sus but all such parts of the common law, and such of the pectively rights and claims upon the justice and equity pension.

said acts or parts thereof, as are repugnant to this of the Legislature, which ought not to be disregarded. . 9. No person shall be held to answer for a capital Constitution are hereby abrogated. If the road be granted, with the usual privilege of or otherwise infamous crime, (except in cases of im

19. All grants of lands within this State, made passing navigable waters in the usual manner, the peachment, and in cases of the militia when in actual

by the King of Great Britain, or persons acting under rights and claims of both these portions of our fellow service, and the land and naval forces in time of war,

his authority, after the fourteenth day of October, citizens will be regarded with equal justice, and neither or which this State may keep with the consent of 1775, shall be null and void ; but nothing contained be sacrificed to the other. Such of our citizens as Congress in time of peace and in cases of petit larceny,

in this Constitution shall impair the obligation of any will be way-passengers on this road, will little think of under the regulations of the Legislature,) unless on

debts contracted by the State, or individuals or bodies a few moments' delay. Those, who would merely presentment or indictment of a grand jury, and in

corporate, or any other rights of property, or any pass through the State with railroad speed, have no every trial or impeachment or indictment the party

suits, actions, rights of action, or other proceedings in very strong claims for extraordinary legislation. To accused shall be allowed to appear and defend in per

courts of justice. the owners of freight, the inconvenience will be no son and with counsel, as in civil actions. No person

By order of the committee, more than is usual upon the great lines of railroad in the shall be subject to be twice put in jeopardy for the

JAMES TALLMADGE, Chairman. country, when they cross the navigable waters of the same offence, nor shall he be compelled to be a witUnited States. It would, therefore, be most unneces ness against himself, in any criminal case ; nor in any Mr. TallMADGE begged to say to gentlemen who Bary, and most extraordinary, to grant to this corpora case to subject himself to a penalty or forfeiture, or had sent resolutions to this committee, that each and tion the privilege of crossing these waters, between any loss or deprivation in the nature of a penalty or all had been fully considered. And if the movers did the mouth of the river and the head of sloop navigu. forfeiture; nor be deprived of life, liberty or property not find their propositions embodied in this report, tion, by a bridge ; a privilege which has been hitherto without due process of law.

the reasons therefor would be given when the report withheld from the citizens of this State: a privilege 10. Every citizen may freely speak, write and came up for consideration. As a general remark, he which is not now enjoyed by the people, or by any publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsi would now say, that the committee considered most corporate body : a privilege which would now be ble for the abuse of that right; and no law shall be of them subjects for the consideration of the Legislawithheld, should any portion of our constituents apply passed to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or ture rather than of this body. Many of the sections to this Legislature for leave to cross by a bridge, on of the press. In all prosecutious or indictment, and now submitted were contained in the existing Constihorseback, in wagons or carriages, or with teams in civil actions for libels, the truth may be given in tution. These had all been designated by the Comcarrying the produce of their farms, or their work evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury mittee as directed by the Convention. shops, to the nearest market. that the matter charged as libellous is true, and was

Mr. T. moved to refer to the Committee of the Such an exercise of the power of legislation, by published with good motives and for justifiable ends,

whole, Agreed to. granting such an exclusive privilege over the naviga the party shall be acquitted, and the jury shall have ble waters of the United States, to a private incorpo the right to determine the law and the fact. rated company,inderogation of the rightsand privileges 11. Private property shall not be taken for

THE LIGHT OF DAY. of a large portion of the people, which they in all public use without just compensation being first made

We copy from the Journal of Commerce of June times past have been accustomed to enjoy, while therefor. If the taking is for the use of the State, the the same charter granting it, refuses to the landholder, Legislature shall provide for determining the damages;

19th, a notice of a decision in the Court of Queen *8 whose property is taken from him for the use of this and if for any other public use, the damages shall be Bench, in England, in reference to the obstruction of corporation without his consent, the right to appeal to assessed by a jnry. "The Legislature may provide for day-light by buildings. The principle will apply t any Court, or to a jury of his countrymen, for a re the opening of private roads, in case a jury of freeassessment of his damages, does not commend itself holders shall determine the road necessary; the per

the digging into the earth along side of buildings and to my judgment; and for the reasons which I have sons benefitted paying all expenses and damages to unsettling their foundations. stated, I feel constrained by convictions of impera be also determined by a jury.

We commend this case to the notice of the memtive duty, which it is not in my power to overrule, to

12. Witnesses in criminal cases shall not be imprisoned for the want of bail to secure their attendance

bers of the State Convention. return this bill to the reconsideration of the General

ISAAC TOUCEY. Assembly. at the trial of the cause : unless upon the special order


of the magistrate or court having jurisdiction of the Court or QUEENS BENCH, Westminster, General Asseinbly, June 16, 1846. 3 case. Laws shall be passed to secure if necessary,

April 25, 1846. the temporary detention of witnesses in criminal cases,

(Siltings in Banco.)
and for their prompt examination de benne esse, which
TUESDAY, Juno 30. examination shall be evidence in all subsequent pro-

Roe v. the Marquis and Marchioness of Westmeath. Prayer by Rev, Dr. Wyckoff.

ceedings upon the subject matters; and shall have the The particulars of this case, which have been very The reports of the Register in Chancery, and the same etfect as the oral testimony of the witness would recently stated in this paper, were to the following Equity Clerk of the 7th Circuit, in relation to the have, were he present and examined in person.

effect :-Lady Westmeath is the occupant of the house sale of Infants' estates were received.

13. No person shall be imprisoned on any civil next beyond that of the Duke of Cambridge in PiccaThe Van Rensselaer Guards tendered their services process, on any writ or proceeding upon any contract, dilly towards the west, and at the corner of Whiteas an escort into line, in the procession of the 4th of ll express or implied, or upon any judgment or ee horse street. Sir Frederick Roe occupied the house July. Accepted.

founded upon such contract; but nothing herein con opposite to Lady Westmeath's in the same Street, RIGHTS OF CITIZENS.

tained shall extend to actions for the recovery of moneys both houses having their principal fronts in Piccadilly.

collected by any public officer, or on promises to marry, Lady Westmeath having occasion to incresae the size Mr. TALLMADGE, from the committee on the rights || nor in any case to fraud or breach of trust.

of her house, raised part of the wall from about 20 and privileges of the citizens of the State, submitted 0 14. All property, real or personal, of the wife, feet to about 49 feet, in that part of it which fronts the following report:

owned by her before marriage, and that acquired by Whiteborse Street, and which is opposite to a portion ARTICLE –

her afterwards, by gift, devise or descent, or other of the plaintiff's house. The raising of this wall 8 1. Men are by nature free and independent, and

wise than from her husband, shall be her separate having had the effect of diminishing the light in that in their social relations entitled to equal rights.

property. Laws shall be passed providing for the part of Sir Frederick Roe's house, he brought an 0 2. All political powers is inherent in the people,

registry of the wife's separate property, and more action to recover compensation for the injury, The

clearly defining the rights of the wife thereto, as well 03 No member of this State shall be disfranchised.

case having come on for trial before Mr. Justice Erle, as to property held by her with her husband.

the learned judge intimated to the jury that they or deprived of any of the rights or privileges secured

Ø 15. No divorce shall be granted by the Legisla ought to find a verdict for the plaintiff, if they were to any citizen thereof, uuless by the law of the land.

ture, or otherwise than by judicial proceedings provi of opinion that his comfortable enjoyment of his house 4. The right of trial by jury in all cases in which ded for by law.]

was diminished by the raising of the opposite wall, it has been heretofore used, shaú remain inviolate. 0 16. No lottery shall be authorised in this State ; "and that the fact of the two houses being situate in

biished wit charged a 1:2" shall appen kiven in


the metropolis, and being separated by a public street,

SUPERIOR COURT. made no difference in the rights of the defendants. CHARLES W Feeks, ) The jury having found a verdict for the plaintiff.

08. The Solicitor General, upon a former occasion, ap ISAAC ADRIANCE. plied to the Court for a rule calling upon the plaintiff to show cause why a new trial should not be granted, upon

This was an action of Ejectment tried before Samuel the ground that the general law affecting the obstruc

Jones, Chief Justice, June 19, 1846. tion of light was qualified by the fact of the houses

The plaintiff claimed 10 lots of land on 127th St., in question being situate at opposite sides of a street

which had been purchased at a Corporation sale for in the metropolis, and that the charge of Mr. Justice

the pretended opening of Mount Morris Square,

(better known as Snake Hill). Erle upon this point amounted to a misdirection. The Court upon that occasion having taken time to

The assessment on the lots was $22, for which they consider the application.

were sold to the plaiutiff by the corporation for 200 Lord Denman now stated the opinion of their Lordships, to be that the charge of Mr. Justice Erle

At the trial there did not appear to be any law auupon this point was quite correct. The general prin

thorizing the laying out of a square as directed by the ciple upon the subject was, that one must use one's

Resolution of the Common Council, nor did it appear own property in such a manner as not to injure the

that the assessment had not been paid, or that it was property of another, and neither the metropolitan

due. There was no notice of the Commissioners presituation of the buildings, nor the intervention of a

senting their report for affirmation. No notice of sale public highway between them, appeared to this Court

published which the law directs or of redemption to constitute any exception to that rule.

published which the law also directs. There were The application for a new trial was therefore re

several other objections taken at the trial by Mr. fused.

Mott, defendants counsel, to the plaintiff's right to recover.

After the plaintiff had rested his case, defendant's CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.

counsel moved for judgment for defendant, on the “ DANGEROUS LEGISLATION."

ground that the plaintiff had entirely failed to make Saturday, June 27.

out a valid assessment and sale. The judge first sugTITLES OF BILLS.

gested the propriety of taking a verdict for the plainMr. TAGGART offered the following. Resolved, That the second standing committee consider and re

tiff, subject to the opinion of the Court on a case. port on the expediency of incorporating a provision in the consti This the defendant's counsel objected to. The judge tution, providing that every law passed by the legislature, shall,

then ruled every point of law against defendant and in its details, be in accordance with its title.

Mr. TAGGART asked indulgence whilst he adverted to one or directed the jury to find a verdict for the plaintiff for two cases in explanation of the kind of legislation intended to be the lots, which they did as directed. The defendant's reached by this resolution. He had before him "an act concerning passengers in vessels arriving at the port of New York." At

counsel immediately prepared a bill of exceptions and the close of one of the sections of this act be found a clause au tendered to the Court, which they settled according thorising the corporation of New York to regulate the rates of

to the facts. The plaintiff's counsel since the settlewharfage 10 be charged on vessels discharging at or near any of the piers, ships, &c. He had also before him another act, passed ment ascertained that the decision of His Honor, the in '44, purporting to be, by its title, "an act to amend certain por

Chief Justice was not in accordance with the well tions of the Revised Statutes, in relation to bringing appeals and writs of error." The 3u1 section of this act repealed the Sist sec settled principles of law, and immediately consented tion of the act of 1840, ** concerning costs and sets in courts of law,”

to a new trial, with costs to abide the event. Defendwhich section provided that liens by judgmentor decree, docketted after the act look effect, should cease after the expiration of five

ant's counsel insisted upon having the case argued years. Here was a section repealed which had no reference to before the whole Bench and have the discussion of costs and fees, &c, and yet at the same session, two acts passed which had direct reference to the act concerning costs and tees,

the Court on all the questions raised so that the Court and another expressly regulating liens on real estate.

would be prepared to decide the next case on the Mr. RCIHMOND was glad his colleague had introduce this sub

trial without the necessity of compelling the party to ject. It reminded him of some bills that had passed the legislature whilst he was a member, which showed ibe importance of

make a case. some regulation of this matter, that the people might remonstrate This course was refused him and he was given to before it was too late. A bill was introduced in 1841, professing in its title to be a "legal reform'' bill, but in reality it increased the

understand that the Court would not have an argufees of legal gentlemen about 25 per cent. The public was led to ment on the case, but would grant a new trial, and believe that it reduced the fees of lawyers-and he had to work

His Honor, Judge Oakley, did grant an order on 29th himself up to a strong point of courage to vote against a bill with such a title. He, however, did vote against it, after in vain of June, directing a new trial, and the costs abide trying to get the title changed. He hoped the subject would be

the event thereby putting the defendant to the ex. referred.

Mr. STRONG also favored the enquiry. He recollected an instance pense of preparing the case for argument, and the exof this kind of legislation. A bill was brought into the house to pense of a new trial in case the judgment in the end compel the Utica and Schenectady railroad to carry freight. At the same time those who were interested in this road were here

shall be against him, when the fault was with the plainabout our lobby, and very aoxious the bill should pass-orgiug that tiff and the court. though it was a hardship on them, it was necessary to pass such a law for the benefit of the people of this State. But there was a difficulty about this that gentlenien did not foresee. They some

From the Express. sometimes went on and specified something in the title of a bill that was correct, and then added " and for other purposes." How

“SUPERIOR COURT, July 10.-Before Chief Justice would the gentleman get ovor that? (A laugh.)

Jones.-Chas. W. Feeks, vs. Isaac Adriance.-Sale Mr. NICOLL was decidedly in favor of the resolution, but on grounds different from those urged by the mover. Every lawyer

for Assessments.-Action to obtain possession of 10 must feel the importance of it; for to the profession there could be lots of land on 126th and 127th Streets, between third no greater annoyance than to find themselves unexpectedly, as the

and 4th avenues, which Mr. F. bought at a sale for phrase was, floored, in court, by one of these incongruous statutes. He recollected a case of this kind. By the laws of this state, it assessments. The defence was that the proceedings was supposed to be impossible for a husband to apply for a divorce of the Common Council in levying the assessment on the ground of cruel treatment by a wife. On a bill being tiled by a husband on that ground, it was declared to be a case not

were irregular on various grounds mentioned, and that within the purview of any law; but the counsel for the applicant the final certificate was shown to be incorrect on its referred at once to a law, the title of which purported that it was a law changing the terins of one of the local courts, but in which

face. The Chief Justice charged that the certificate was a section authorising this proceeding on the part of the bus of the Street Commissioner must be taken as concluband. It would be a great convenience to the profession, not to to be obliged to hunt through local statutes for general principles.

sive—that “the plaintiff has made out his case and Mr. W. TAYLOR had no objection to this enquiry at all. But if the defendant has failed in his detence." The Counwe were going on to adopt a constitution covering, not only all the

sel for defendant rose to make some explanations, but principles of legislation, but the manner of it, it would not be easy io say when we should get through. But to glance at the case

the Court struck down its mallet and would not perstated by the gentleman.from Genesee (Mr. Richmoud)--the case mit him to go on, saying if there was any thing wrong of the bill to reduce the fees of lawyers. The gentlem.n found it increased the fees in some instances. Would he have had the bill

in the charge, the counsel would enter exceptions. entitled on act to reduce and increase the lees of lawyers ? - for "The counsel said the facts should be left to the jury. Mr. T. presumed that the bill did both.

"The jury retired and finally returned a verdict for Mr. RICHMOND: It was all increase--no decrease.

Mr. W. TAYLOR: That was a matter of opinion perlaps. Some plaintiff, subject to the opinion of the Court, which might suppose there was a reduction; but practically it might in could not be received, and a verdict was given for crease thein-and if so, under such a provision as this, the law would be unconstitutional. This then might by going further than

plaintiff. (We understand the views of the jury were the mover intended.

in favor of defendant, but they felt bound by the sugMr. TAGGART's resolution was adopted.

gestions of the court.

°. For plaintiff Mr. Robert Dodge; for defendant Publication of Journal.-" Each house shall keep

Mr. R. Mott." a journal of its proceedings and publish the same." A | very important provision of Sec. 4, of Art. 1, of the SUPERIOR Court,-Full Bench.-July 22.-This present Constitution, but wholly disregarded; the pub- cause has been on argument for two days. Edward lication of the journal after the session is ended is of | Sandford and Richard Mott, for defendant. Robert no use—the publication should be daily.

U Dodge for Plaintiff..

« For who would bear the whips and scorns of tine,
The oppressor's wrong, the proud man's contumely,
The pangs of despised love, the law's delay,
The insolence of office-and the spasms
That patient merit of the unwortly takes
When be himself might his quietus make

With a bare bodkin: The law's delay seems to have been a prominent evil as long ago as Shakspeare's time, and perhaps will continue to be so as long as time lasts, unless indeed our State Convention or some other potent body, devise à remedy for this among other ills that litigants are heir to, and we most devoutly hope that the wisdom of that body will be successfully applied to the subject of judicial reform.

Among the subjects worthy of their attention on that branch of their labours we would suggest an inquiry as to what effect it is calculated to have on the progress of a cause through our courts (more especi. ally in the city of New-York) to so arrange the fees and perquisites of the judges that the multiplication of orders, cases, bills of exception, and motions of various kinds, is a sure method of multiplying dollars in the pockets of the judges--and whether such a circumstance as the sure prospect of making several dollars of more fees can have any influence in inducing judges to protract rather than expedite the final determination of a cause.

Englislı writers reproach the Americans generally, (we think unjustly) for their mercenary motives and propensities. Had they looked behind the judicial curtain and taken a realizing view of the modus operandi in certain cases, it is much to be feared that a novel and somewhat startling and degrading application of the power of the mighty dollar, would have opened itself to their astonished view. Some means should also be adopted if possible to restore to parties the right of trial by jury, which although guarded in form, is often practically denied or withheld by the manner in which causes are turned off rather than tried, in some of our courts..

Better by far dispense altogether with the form of trial by jury, than as too often happens, convert it into an idle farce, so well calculated to bring into contempt the judicial administration of the laws.

The difficulty of getting a cause submitted to a jury on the facts, under a correct ruling of the questions of law involved in it, is now become a common subject of remark and complaint among the members of the bar.

When the cause is taken from the jury by the presiding judge, and the parties are denied the privilege of having their cause passed upon by the jury, it would be some consolation if they could have the benefit of a decision of the judge himself-but there is a practice fast growing into use which places the judicial functionary very much in the category of the dog in the manger-he will neither let the jury decide the cause nor do it himself, at least, not at the time the decision should be made, on the trial of the cause. Indeed, it is sometimes quite amusing to witness the solemn gravity with which a judge takes especial pains to proclaim hiinself-a certain long eared animal -which the ancient, but perhaps not more learned, Dogberry was so ambitious of being written downin reserving the most common questions of law that arise in the progress of a cause-pleading inability to decide them, and directing the jury as a mere matter of form to find a verdict, subject to the opinion of the court..

Should the party against whom the verdict is thus directed, feel disposed to insist upon his rights, as it sometimes happens, it is not always the surest way of sustaining them, but like the tardy schoolboy,--he finds himself on slippery ground, taking two steps backward to one forward. The judge is too slippery an animal to be caught on so sbarp a point as the rights of the parties, but in all such cases rules pro. forma., as he calls it, all the points against the refractory party, and directs the jury to find accordingly, gravely assuring him, perhaps, that his rights so far from suffering, will rather be promoted thereby, as he intends to make full amends, by the intensity of his attentive consideration, on the argument of the case for the frivolous inanity with which he turns it off, on the trial.

The consequence of this practice is, to render sev. eral trials necessary where there need have been but one, if the judges possessed would exercise a tithe of the legal knowledge and judicial acumen proper to the station he occupies. The costs are swelled up by this protracted litigation and parties are made fully I tu realize the vexations of the laws delay.

and very core interested iad to carry'le house

Masough it was



was moved bere gave it a conductor and disarmed it of its fury.

A large looking glass which has a gilded frame screwed to the
Copy of a Letter from Professor HENRY. wall of the room, was visited by the ligbtning. The gilding is in

many places removed, in others discolored, and in others leil unCopy of a Letter from PROFESSOR Olmsted.


marked. The looking glass was not broken, but I think there are

July 2d, 1846. 3 two places upon it that is scratched, and in both of these the mer. " Yale College, June 22d, 1846. “Dear Sir,

cury has been sublimated. It was tear sunset when I examined

this glass, and although I used a good magnifying glass, yet the “ E. Meriam Esq.,

“I would have acknowledged the receipt of your

light was not sufficient to determine with great accuracy the minute

traces of the lightning. In an account I gave in the Star, in 1844, “Dear Sir-Your favor of May 28, has lain open on

interesting communication before this time had I not of the terrific thunderbolt wbicb struck Mr. Speck's bouse in my table, for some days, waiting an answer, and my been confined by an attack of sickness, which, although

Warren Street, Brooklyn, I narrated the visitation of the lightning

to a large gilt framed looking-glass, and expressed the opinion that apology for not giving it an earlier attention is that I not severe, has prevented me from attending to any

the gold leaf had been sublimated by the lightning, from the color. have been of late engrossed with sickness in my family labours of a mental kind for several days past.

ing left upon a white muslin window curtain, but on a more parwhich has left me but little time for any thing but in

“I made a communication to the American Philo.

ticular examination of this case I am now inclined to the opinion

that the coloring matter in both cases was the oxide of mercury, as dispensable duties.

sophical Society on Friday week in relation to the the coloring is not so deep a purple as is produced by gold. I have I look over the Municipal Gazette, which you have effect of atmospheric electricity on the telegraphic

been in the habit of using large quantities of both the Chinese and

Trieste oxide of mercury for chemical purposes which has afforded the kindness to send me, and place it on file among my

wires, and as soon as the article is printed in the pro me the opportunity of seeing the stains leit by that mineral under most valuable collections in respect to the phenomena ceedings of the society, which will be in the course

the different degrees of heat to which I subjected it. The light. of natural electricity. The other parts are probably

ning divided into the room in minute globules, and in that state of a week or two, I will send you a copy for publica

passed through the plastering in the saine way that small shot peras equally interesting to other classes of readers. tion in your paper.

forate a board. The same divisibility was noticed in Mr. Speck's “Ïour views of a connection between earthquakes

“Your collection of notices of accidents by light

house, and also in that of Mr. Grinnel, and I have noticed the same

phenomena in several other cases which I have examined. Quickand certain states of equilibrium of the atmosphere

ning is highly interesting, and I hope you will con silver in this section of the earth is a fluid, wbile near the arctic pole at different and distant places, are novel and ingenious, 9 tinue to increase it from year to year. I suppose the

it is solid, and this metal in its fluid state is divisible and separates

into small globules. but I am apt to think that very extensive indications of

paper from which you have collected the accounts, There are no trees around Mr. Underhill's dwelling. A large facts are to be made before apparent coincidences of

contains very nearly all that has been published, still circular stone stable, covered with a metallic roof, is within 250 this kind can be fully depended on, that is, before they

feet of the dwelling-in this stable were about 70 cows. The milk if opportunity presents it might be well to extend

in the cellar under Mr. Underhill's house was not affected by the can safely be adopted as established principles.*

your enquiries to other publications and other coun lightning. On the north west corner of the house is a tin leader “The telegraph station in this city has been greatly tries.

which conveys the water from the eave trough to the cistern; and

there is a small tin spout which leads the water from the portico disturbed by the late thunder storins. I have even

"I am much interested in the phenomena of light over the front door and here the lightning may bave passed off conceived that it is time to guard against personal

ning, but it so happens that I am not well situated without leaving any trace of its departure. danger from this source, and should perhaps offer my

It will be recollected that on Saturday evening, the 11th of July, at Princeton to observe its effects. As a general rule

the whole border of the northern horizon was lighted by an almost views to the public, if I had not heard that a much

the electrical cloud which approaches us from the continuous blaze of lightning, and the visitation of the lightning to more competentindividual (Professor Henry, of Princesouth west divides into two parts, about three miles

the dwelling of Mr. Underhill was from that region. ton) is investigating the same subject at the Philadel

from the college, the one part passing to the north, phia station. and the other to the south of the village. We have

LIGHTNING. “ The Brooklyn Star containing yonr meteorlogical

|| frequent rain from thunder showers, but the principal article, and your correspondents account of the won

The violent thunder storm on Saturday afternoon, part of the storm and the heavy thunder is usually at derful cave has duly reached me, for which please ac- l a distance. Occasionally a heavy bolt passes horizon

July 12, did considerable damage in the neighborhood cept my thanks and believe me.

of Boston. A large barn at West Dedham, was struck tally over us, and strikes at a distance generally to the “ Very truly, yours,

by lightning, and set on fire, and together with its south. It is well known that a flash of lightning is DENISON OLMSTED."

contents, consisting of hay, a horse, wagons, &c., consometimes 6 or 8 miles long, and when one of them

sumed. Another barn at Dedham was struck, and *Since this letter from the distinguished Professor of Astrono passes over a place the report may be very loud, and

several trees shattered. A barn in Abington was desmy and Natural Philosophy in Yale College, came to hand, ad- the thunder very near, and yet the point struck may vices have reached New-York from Catania, in Sicily, that a Ji be several miles off.

troyed, and a dwelling house injured, and at Newport,

. severe carthquake was experienced at Catania on the 22d day

R. I., the lightning struck a schooner and shivered

“I am anxious to inspect the perforations in the tin of April, of the present year. In the Municipal Gazette of June

one of her masts to pieces. 1, page 555, in a note at the bottom of the second coluinn, we gutters you mention, and when I next visit N. York, stated as follows: “We have no accounts of earthquakes on I shall endeavor to call on you for this purpose. I

During a violent storm on thc 15th of June, in Donthe 22d of April, but the peculiar state of the temperature have in my possession a piece of a tin gutter perfo

jow, (Alleir) says the Journal of Commerce, the lightgives abundant reason to suppose that air earthquake took place rated by lightning; The hole is about 3-4 of an inch

ning fell upon a party of pleasure in the woods conon that day near the equator." My observatious inade on the night of the 23th and morning in diameter, with a bur, consisting of the angular

sisting of five men and two females. Four men were of the 29th of April, and published in the Brooklyn Star of parts of the metal turned outwards.

killed on the spot, and the fifth was so affected that April 29 and May 5, which are recited in the column of same

"I see by the Comptes Rendu des seances de L

he died shortly after. The females were not injured. page, record the particulars of the same state of the tempera- it ture of the atmosphere on the eveningof the 28th and morning of academie des scinces, that you have made some comthe 29th as that of the night of the 220, and morning of the munications on the subject of the number of deaths

METEOR.-On Monday evening a splendid meteor 23d, and the accounts referred to above also state that on the

in this country by lightning to M. Arago, and that he 28th of April the shocky were renewed with increased violence.

was seen at Lancaster, Carlisle, York, Hanover and has mentioned them to the academy. Thus we have two more illustrations making ten in all, during

Philadelphia, Pa., Baltimore, Maryland, and Salem, a period of six months, all demonstrating the same facts. “If during the summer an interesting case should

New Jersey. At Lancaster, the account, in the JourThe very learned professor' says that my views, &c., "are novel” occur of a discharge of lightuing, if you will drop me

val of Commerce states, it was seen emerging from and this we are aware of--and he says also that they are inge

a line, I will visit the place provided it is readily ac- || neous--they are the result of near eight months intense labor

behind a dense black cloud in the south west, crossed and application to most minute observation, day and night, cessable. Most of the phenomena exlıibited by the

zenith with moderate movement toward the north and to this close upwearied application is the discovery of wires of the electrical telegraph are not due to the

east-its neucleous appeared about 6 inches in diame"the connection between earthquakes and certain states of electricity of the atmosphere immediately, but to the || equilibrium of the atmosphere at different and distant places." ! disturbance of the natural electrity of the wire itself |

ter with a tail in the forın of a cone about two feet The result is that every carthqnake which has taken place in

long. The light was equal to that of a full moon.the northern hemisphere during the period in which I have at the moment of the flash in the heavens, this fact I |

No explosion was heard. made record every hour has been predicted at my place of ob explain in my communication to the Philosophical servation within 36 hours of the time of the convulsion, howSociety.

At Salem, New Jersey, the light is also represented ever distant the locality in which the shock was felt from my

“With much respect,

as equal to that of a full moon, and its duration one place of observation, and these recorded observations were

"Yours, &c.

minute and a half. The Carlisle account represents published in the newspapers on the day they were completed and all of them many days, weeks or mouths before the accounts


that it passed over that Borongh, but they saw it at of the earthquake reached here. I therefore claim that the dis “ E. Meriam, Esq,"

the east, while the Philadelphia account states that it covery is my own, and the result of patient persevering labor.

was visible from that city in the west. It was most Most of these records which were sent to the Editor of the

probably an ærolite, and probably reached the earth. Evening Star for publication were accompanied by a note

LIGHTNING. saying that I felt a confidence that my observations termi

The dwelling house of Mr. Underhill, situate about three miles nating in the morning on which my note bore date, indicated

east of the Fulton Ferry, was struck by lightning on the night of that the cquilibrium that I recorded had been produced by an

Accounts from St. Petersburg, Russia, of the the eleventh of July inst., about 11 o'clock. I examined the premises earthquake, for the duration of the equilibrium was over eleven

the following Saturday. The lightning struck the north east chim 22d of June state, that a tremendous hurricane passed hours, which is too extensive to result from a violent thunder

ney and shaltered the top of it, and the last mark of its track I storm. Catania, in Sicily, is more than 89 degrees of longitude found on each side of the frame to the cellar window. In its de along the banks of the Walga, which destroyed an east of my place of observation, and more than three degrees scent it exploded and divided and some of it was in its progress in a of latitude south. The distance is therefore great.

state of combustion, leaving soot upon the surface it passed over. immense quantity ef grain destined for the St. Peters-
The family were in the rooms in the west side of the house which
were not visited by the lightning. The weather boarding of the

burg market.
house is torn a few feet from the roof, and still further down the

A terrible hurricane was experienced at Palmero, track of the lightning is visible in the fracture of the weather SIX PERSONS PERISHED.

boarding. The window in the attic was visited, the outside blind in Sicily on the 17th of April, the severest ever known

unbinged, and the staple of the hook drawn out, and the window The brig Columbia, Capt. Barter, of Savannah when about casing which covered the iron weights lorn off. The person who

there. 60 miles from the Balize, on the night of the 3d of July inst.,

usually lodged in this room had not retired to rest. The east front was struck by lightning, while six men were aloft reefing the room of the second story contained a sheet iron stove, near to top-sails. The lightning threw the six men into the sea, in ! the fire-place, this was doubtless visited, for the marble manlle is

ICEBERGS.—Packet ship Westminster, which left which they all perished, descended the mast into the hold, and i broken on one side of it, and the floor torn by the lightning on the set the vessel on fire. The captain was the only person saved.,

other; the lightning also appears to have passed through to the front London on the 5th of June, passed several icebergs
portico over the front door and to have entered upon that, as its
sooty stains are to be seen at a point where the metal unites with between longitude 46 and 48, and in latitude 45.

the clapboarding of the front of the house. In the east front parLIGHTNING.-The mansion of Henry Van Wyck, of Washing. for the destruction was greater than in any other part of the house. On the 27th of June in latitude 44° 30', longitude ton, Dutchess Co., was struck by lightning, on Sunday, the 5th The lath and plaster partition between this and the next room with July inst., while the occupants were at church. The building was which it was connected by a sliding door, was in that part of it 48° 40', icebergs were met by another vessel, which consumed, together with a lot of wool. Loss $7,000.--Poughkeep between the door and the east wall, rent and torn, as were also sie Telegraph.

the casings and mouldings. The břass slide on which the door || arrived at New-York.

e equat ppose wat state

of it, and the visited, for thon stove, neafron


“You made a suggestion to me some years sincə heat and retain it. No smoke or dust could combine with the Copy of a Letter from L. W. Conkey, Esq.

which involves this question. What is the avaporation brine to injure the salt. The stoves should have beneath each

of a given quantity of water, which should be exposed “Syracuse, July 11th, 1846.

of them a stove hearth with rimmed or raised edges to catch to the heat of a given quantity of fuel, consumed in a

all the droppings from it. The air of the chambers would be “Dear Sir, given time? I have not solved that question yet,

heated, and thus evaporate from the surface-the salt as fast as “The suggestion you have made to Mr. Preston in but it should be solved, and many others also related

it formed would sink to the bottom. to it, which are much more intricate and important relation to the reverberatory furnace for the crystaliza

The brine should be con

veyed into the chambers by a tube, and the arch should be covthan at first view may appear. tion of salt, I think is a good one, and from the des

The government of the United States has expended

ered with a coating of plastering, and then filled over to prevent cription you give of it, I think it cannot fail to operate well, and would like to hear of the result of the experi

a large suin of money in testing the quality of the many being broken. ment, should the plan be carried into operation. You

varities of mineral coal, for the purpose of ascertaining asked me if my“ Thermometer was open to an eastern

which kind is best adapted to the use of our steam ves Copy of a Letter from Mr. Levi DiseRow. exposure in the morning." It is for a short time after sels of war. The experiments were no douht made

“ Oswego, June 6, 1846. sunrise. I endeavor to shade it as much as possible with great accuracy by the learned gentleman under

“Dear Sir, while the sun shines on the north side of the building, | whose direction they were conducted, and they will

no doubt prove useful for the purpose for which they which is but a short time. I have compared the observa- |

“You will please excuse the liberty I take in addresswere intended. I think liowever that they should have

ing you this, but believing you feel a lively interest tions made by my thermometer with others in a differ

been extended to an enquiry concerning the best form ent locality, and find no perceptible difference; it is a

in the developements and resources of our State and

country. of evaporating-vessels, and the best method of comself-regulating thermometer, therefore the sunrise ob

I have ventured to send you a small sample servations would be correct. We have had a few days bustion, with reference to the proper quantity ofoxygen

of saline water for your inspection, by request of Mr. to be used, and the manner of applying it, and many

Asell Willcox, the enterprising ownerof the spring of very warm weather. Thursday, the 9th, my ther- ||

now being bored, a description of which may be other points which have a reference to that important mometer stood as follows : sunrise 60°, 9 A.M. 760, 3 ||

somewhat interesting, it being situate at the head P.M. 800.9 P. M.72. Friday, sunrise 710.9 A.M., 82. ll question in which the whole cominunity have so deep 3 P.M. 94, 9, do. 76. Temperature of the water in the

of Little Sodus Bay, fourteen miles west of this place, an interest. How may the largest quantity of water solar salt vats 104. Saturday, sunrise 690, 9 A. M., be evaporated by the smallest quantity of fuel ?

and distant from the bay about half a mile up a small No individual can afford to solve this qnestion.

ravine and stream that empties into the bay. 760, 3 P. M. 90°, 9, P. M.750. Dew point 3 P. M.


Its will cost too much. Its solution will be of public 72, much above its usual height. Barometer 29,40. At

waters collect from the drainage of some flat and utility. The public should defray the expense.

rather swampy lands in the immediate neighborhood 4 P. M. we were visited with a very severe thunder

" The fire-brick about which you enquire have not shower, accampanied with a gale of wind, our coarse

of the salt spring. This spring had been long known

as a deer lick, something more prominent than others salt fields suffered considerably, notwithstanding the

yet been taken out of the kiln, but I expect they will

be in a week or two. I will let you know the result. covers on the vats were well secured with hooks,

in the neighborhood. Within a few years past when

“Mr. King's meterological table for the month of several hundred of them were blown entirely from

speculation ran high, this spot was sought out and the vats.

operated upon, but without success. Owing to a want June, I send you herewith. Mr. Milnordid not receive This storm did not last but about fifteen minutes. Electricity was active during this storm, the rain-gauge yon purchased for him in time to note

of skill it was abandoned, not however until they had and for a time the rain poured down in torrents.

improved the water by curbing at great labor and exthe rain in June, but he has commenced with this

The steeple to the Catholic Church in Salina was blown

pense to shut off the top fresh water in a partial manmonth, and will furnish you with his table at its close.

ner. down, and considerable damage done ; chimneys were "I hope that by this time you are enjoying the luxury also blown down, trees suffered considerably, and a

“ Just about one year since I have had charge of the of breathing the pure and exhilerating air of the Adi

experiment of sinking a shast and boring down to the building on James Street was entirely demolished. rondack mountains, that you may ultimately return

present depth of 316 feet. When I began the “ The rain fell 50-100 inch. with renewed vigour, to your ardous task of correcting

the water was about 8 or 9 per cent. of strength and “Yours with respect, those flagrant abuses, and oppressions which have so

not steady at that. When the swamps were full it " LYMAN W. CONKEY. long been endured by the unprotected, the widow and

was weaker, &c. &c. “ E. Meriam, Esq.” fatherless, at the hand of mercenary, heartless men,

"I began by sinking a tight tubing: as fast as I made under the sanction of law.

the boring so fast went down the tube, until I came SOUTH WESTERN VIRGINIA.

“Truly yours,

to the rock at about 32 feet from the surface or top of Copy of a Letter from Thomas Spencer, Esq.

“ E. Meriam, Esq.

the ground, and at the junction of the rock, which is

the red shale species, with alternate layers of hard grit “Saltville, Washington Co., Va. /

sand stone.
*NOTE-by the Editor of the M. Gazetto.
July 5, 1845.

I had a copious flow of water of about

THE REVERBERATORY FURNACE.-An excavation in the ground Dear Sir,

15 per cent. of strength, with a rush of sand and gravel. 30 feet long, 16 feet wide and six feet deep--within this, place

However, I succeeded in cutting into the rock, and Your highly esteemed favor of the 10th ultimo,

pushed down the tube so as to shut out all of the was duly received, and by yesterday's mail, the June a vat made of wood and surrounded by clay 28 feet long 14 feet

water previously met with. I then set to with a 4 No. of your “ Municipal Gazette " came to hand, for wide, and 5 feet deep in the clear. Over this build a brick arch

inch drill, and have attained the depth specified, and both of which I am greatly obliged. 16 inches thick laid in thin lime and sand mortar-let the brick

am still progressing, and the water has continued to “ In your letter you remark that you “ have the be laid very close together so as to make close joints. Each

increase in volume and strength. It is now running utmost confidence in the advantage of the suggestion end under the brick arch place a brick wall 16 inches thick rest over the surface of the ground through an aperture in made to Mr. Preston, of the economy of making salt ing on the upper rim of the vat, in each of these walls place a the stationary tube, but the water that overflows is in reverberatory furnaces." I wish that you had been

cast iron box stove, four feet long, in the centre of each end not so strong as that which we draw from the bottom a little more explicit on this point, or rather that you wall, and let the front of the stove come 4 inches outside of the

of the boring, which is as often as we change our drills, had given your suggested plan a little more in detail, for inner surface of the brick wall, so that the fuel can be placed

we clear out the boring and test the water. this is a method of evaporation with which I am enin the stove for combustion without disturbing the inside of the

“Now, Sir, if you can see anything in this simple tiyely unacquainted. And it seems to me that there chamber-let the pipe of the stove extend up perpendicularly

description, worthy your notice, and not infringe too would be insurmountable practical difficulties, in ap

much on your valuable time, you will confer a favor plying it to salt making. But perhaps I do not comthrough the crown of the arch, and fifteen feet above it to carry

by examining the bottle of water, and address me a prehend your plan. I suppose however that you off the smoke. In the arch, place as many cast iron hollow frame

few lines on the subject of its inerits and qualities, as would apply the heat to the surface of the brine. If made in the shape of brick as will take off the steam as fast a

it is a subject that very much interests the owner, as I am correct in my supposition, would not the sparks it is generated by the heat of the fire from the stoves. These

well as the community at large in the neighborhood from the fuel be deposited in the liquid and be retain cast iron vent frames should have lids to them to lift similar to of its location. ed in the salt? Your evaporating vessel which con the lid of a teakettle. These frames aud lids could all be cast

"Your obedient servant, tains the brine, would need be tightly covered with from two patterns and these would be cheap. The evaporating

“ LEVI DISBROW.” some material which is a good non-conductor of heat,

furnace or chamber thus constructed fill to the depth of five "E. Meriam, Esq." or there would be a great waste of fuel, as heat has

feet with brine-then set fire to the fuel in the two stoves and p The bottle of water which our correspondent strong tendency to rise, and it also seems to me that, in order to apply it with any degree of economy to the continue it until all the brine is evaporated. A chamber of

speaks of, has come to hand. On being uncorked and surface of this brine that the apparatus must be so this kind thus filled would hold about 14,000 gallons of brine

poured off into a white glass bottle, I found it very constructed as to render it very inconvenient to with which of the density of the Saltville brine, would produce about draw the salt when it had formed. I should be highly 650 bushels of salt. The expense of making salt by this plan

clear, but in a few days it underwent a change, and gratified in hearing further from you on this subject.* is easily ascertained. One laborer could attend upon four stoves

discovers much mineral in solution, and has now upori It is a very important desideratum to ascertain under and split up the fuel. The salt would be of large crystals and its surface an irridescent covering that is beautiful what circumstances a given amount of fuel will evap.

would avoid the difficulty experienced in crusting in iron kettles when brought in contact with the rays of solar light. orate the greatest quantity of water. On this subject

from the caking upon the bottoms. The salt could be withdrawn there are a thousand conflicting theories, but no well

-ED. when completed by a trap door to be made in the centre of the authenticated, or established principles have yet been discovered. The quantity of fuel consumed in the arch, as the fires would gradually cool down at the close of the

TALCY EARTH. United States is enormous. In the State of New

process, and the chambers would soon acquire a temperaturo We have received from Mr. John Whitcomb, of York, that used alone for making salt exceeds 100,000 that a laborer could descend and shovel the salt into a tub, to

Keeseville, Essex County, a specimen of Talçy Earth, cords of wood annually, which must strip about 2000

be lowered down the trap by a windlass. The advantage of exacres of forest land of its timber. I have little doubt cavating a pit in the ground is that the earth will support the

of which he has a large deposite upon his land—it is that one-half of this fuel, if applied in the most jadi outside of the vat and preserve the temperature of the interior valuable and if properly prepared will make the very cious manner would answer the purpose of the whole. fuid in cold weather. The brick of the arch would absorb the il best of Fire-brick.

METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. hour's intermission until Thursday the 11th at noon. burg, Pa. Heavy rain squall at Kochester, NewMade upon Brooklyn Heights, for the month of June,

June 9.-4 A. M. 58 ; 5. 59; 6, 62 ; 7, 62; 8, 64; York. Lightning struck a house in Boston and others 1846.

9, 65; 10, 68; 11 15. 68; 12, 71; 1,74; 2,76; 3, in Cambridge.

73; 4,71 ; 5, 69; 6, 67 ; 7, 66; 8, 64; 9, 62; 10, Monday, June 1.-4 o'clock A. M. 60°; 5, 60; 6,

At Portsmouth, N. H.-A house at the north part 30,62 ; Cloudy at 2 P. M. Hail storm at Marshall, 62 ; 7, 62; 9, 66 ; 10, 68; 11, 67 ; 12, 69; 1, 69; 2,

of the town, owned by John Plumer Dennet, Esq., 70; 2 30,71 ; 3, 72 ; 4, 72; 5, 70; 6, 68; 7, 66; 8, | Michigan.

was struck on Friday evening, killing a cat in the

June 10.-4 A. M. 60; 5,60; 6, 43; 7, 64; 8, 65; 65; 9,63 ; 10, 623. Morning cloudy. Afternoon clear

arms of one of the inmates, without injuring the inditill 7 o'clock, at which a dense fog settled down from

9, 66 ; 10, 67 ; 11,60; 12, 69; 1, 70; 2,71; 3,714; vidual or doing much damage to the house.

4,70; 5, 70; 6, 69; 7, 67 ; 8, 66 ; 9, 64; 10, 62); 11 June 20.-3 10 A. M. 68; 4, 68; 5, 69; 6, 71, 7, a higher region of the atmosphere. June 2.-7A. M. 60; 5, 59, foggy ; 6, 59; 7, 61; 11, 62.

72; 8, 73; 9, 734: 10, 744; 11, 77 ; 12, 78 ; 1, 81;

June 11;44 A. M. 62; 5, 63; 6, 64 ; 7,66 ; 8,69 ; 8, 66; 10, 72; 10 30, 70; 11, 70; 11 15, 69, Rain ;

2, 81; 2 30, 81; 3 10, 79; 3 15, 78; 3 20, 75; 3 1130, 68; 12, 67 ; 12 30, 64; 1, 66 ; 2, 68; 3, 67;

9,71 ; 10, 71; 11, 72; 12, 74; 1, 77: 2, 76; 2 45, 25, 74; 345, 73, 4, 72 ; 5, 35, 72; 6, 71; 7, 71;

74; 4, 72; 5, 74: 6, 73; 7, 72; 8, 70; 9, 69; 10 4, 67 ; 5, 66; 6, 66 ;7, 65; 8, 63; 10,63; 11, 62.

8, 71; 8, 30, 70; 9, 15, 68; 10, 68. 68. Cloud in the far west at 5 A. M. Sprinklo of Great Rain storm at Albany at 2 o'clock P. M. June 3.-4 A. M. 63; 5, 63; 6, 63; 7, 65; 8, 67 ; rain at 5 P. M.

Violent storm at Bucks County. Pa. Hail storm at 9, 68 : 10,70; 11,72 ; 12, 74; 1, 77 ; 2, 76; 2 30, 77; 4, 40,77 ; 5, 80; 6,77 ; 7,75 ; 7 45,73 ; 8,73;

June 12.-4 A. M. 64; 5, 63; 6, 62; 7, 30, 62; 9, Sandlake, Pittstown, Brunswick, Nassau, and Poettens9,71; 11, 68. Strong west wind at 10 o'clock, A.M.

62; 10.64; 11, 67 ; 12, 70; 1,72; 2, 72; 3, 72; 4, I kill. Hail lay upon the ground three days. Hail Storm of hail, wind and rain, visited Belleville, Ill.,

72; 5, 72; 6, 70; 7, 67 ; 8, 65: 9 20, 62; 10. 61. storm at Danville, Pa., at 3 P.M. At Brooklyn, N. at half-past 2 p.m. Slight fog at 5 a.m.

Ship Hugenot, of 1000 tons, struck by lightning, Y., at 3 P. M. a black cloud came up with great wind. A writer in the Missouri Republican of the third

on a voyage from New-Orleans to Liverpool, with 3frain; 320 very cold rain; 325 thunder and lightning. instant says:-At about half-past 2 o'clk. P. M. our

a cargo of cotton, The lightning descended the main A correspondent of the U.S. Gazette, writing from town was visited by a tremendous storm of wind,

mast into the hold and ignited the cotton, and the Danville, Pa, under date of the 25th ult., gives the rain and hail; the hail was not so severe here as it

vessel put into Savannah in distress. Her upper decks following account of a hail storm which occurred in was a short distance east of this place. The eastern

were burnt nearly through. Fifty or more of the that neighborhood on Saturday June 20th. stage was four or five miles from this place near the

burning bales were thrown overboard. We had a • The storin commenced about 3 P. M. with heary residence of Governor Kinney, when the storm struck

conversation with one of the owners of this vessel a thunder and vivid lightning. The hail fell for about it. The hail broke through the top of the stage,

few months since, and urged upon him the importance a quarter of an hour with such force and violence as knocked the driver down, and the horses ran off. of lightning rods for the protection of ships.

to break almost all the windows in town, and des There was but 1 passenger in the stage, a young gen

June 13.–4 A. M. 57 ; 5, 56 ; 6. 61 ; 7, 63; 8 30, troying grain, fruit and garden vegetables, uprooting tleinan going to Salem, who succeeded in getting out

67 ; 10, 68; 11, 69: 12, 69; 1, 69 ; 2, 69 ; 3, 69 ; 4, orchards and forest trees, and unroofing barns and before the horses got under full headway. I have

68 ; 5, 67 ; 6,66 ; 7, 66; 8,65; 9,63; 10, 62. Cloudy houses for a distance of eight miles in length along just seen the young man, who returned to this place all day.

the Susquehunnah, and four or five miles in width, as soon as the storm abated. His hat was knocked

June 14.–4, 60; 5, 58; 6, 60; 8, 61; 9. 63; 10, commencing some four miles below Danville, and otf. I have seen it; it has three holes knocked through;

67; 11, 68 ; 11 20, 70; 12, 72; 1,72; 2,74 ; 5,72; extending over the township of Rush in Northumberone of the holes directly on top as large round as a

6, 70; 7, 68; 8, 68; 9, 67; 10 15, 67. Cloudy all land Co., on the south side of the River. Some of man's fist. Tho young man ran to a tree, pulled off day.

the hail stones are said to have measured between his coat and held it over his head, and in holding it

Monday June 15.-4, 65; 5, 65; foggy; 6, 66: five and six inches in circumference. Sereral cattle his arm was so bruised that he now carries it in a

7, 68 ; 8,70; 9, 70; 10, 71; 11, 73; 12, 76; 1, 77, are reported to have been killed among the ruins of sling. Some of the hail stones have been brought

2, 77 ; 3, 78; 4, 78 ; 5, 78; 6,77 ; 7,76; 8, 74; 9 barns; and it is also said that some lives have been into this place three hours after they fell, as large as

72 ; 10, 72. Lightning in the north at 9 P. M. At lost. The loss of window glass in Danville is estimaa man's fist.

5 P. M. thunder storm at Newburyport, Mass. A ted at from $800 to $1000. Hogs and sheep were killed by the force of the vessel lying at the wharf struck by lightning House At West Springfield.—The Republican states that lail. The root of a house near where this passenger

and tree struck near by. Barn struck by lightning a son of Mr. Justus Bagg was harrowing in the field, got out of the stage, had holes driven through and

li at Brookline, Mass. Barn and contents consumed, Ă on Saturday afternoon, when the thunder storin came the windows knocked in-eash, glass and all. I have

oxen and 4 cows killed. Norfolk, Va., paper of to up. As he attempted to unhitch the horse to go home, not seen any one from the neighborhood so as to ascer

day states that rain has fallen there during all last week. the lightning struck the animal and killed him-then tain what darnage has really been done, or what ex

At Lynn.- A large cottage in process of erection passed down the draft chain to the whiffletree, which tent of ground was covered by the storm. Those

for B. Ř. Curtis, Esq., of Boston, was struck by light it split, and wounded the boy's hand without giving that have seen some of the hail stones soon after they

ning during a thunder shower, on Monday morning. hiin any other injury. fell, think that many were as large as a man's two

June 16.–4 A. M. 66 ; 5; 67; 6,71; 7,73; 9, 75 ; June 21.-4 o'clock 61; 5, 61; 6, 62: 7, 67 ; 8, fists. Take it all in all, I think you may put it down

10, 76; 11,77 ; 12,78: 1,70: 2,79 ; 3,80 ; 4,79; 5, 67 ; 9, 67; 10, 68 ; 12, 69; 2, 67 ; 3, 67 ; 4, 67; 5 as one of the most extraordinary hail storms that have

76; 6, 74: 6 10,72; 6 30, 70; 7 30, 68;9, 663. Two 30, 65; 6, 64; 7, 62 ; 8, 61 ; 9, 60; 10, 57. ever passed over this part of the country.

cows killed by lightning at Newington, near Hart Monday June 92.-3, 54; 5, 521; 6, 56; 7, 56}; June 4.-4A. M. 64; 5,63 : 6, 67 ; 7, 68; 8, 70;

ford, Conn. They were feeding near a tree. Storm 8, 59; 9, 61; 10, 59 ; 11, 62 ; 11, 30, 61; 12, 63; 1, 9, 72 ; 11, 77 ; 12,78; 1,81; 2 30, 81; 3,80; 4, 80;

at Charleston, S. C., the wind and rain doing great 64; 2, 62; 3, 66; 5, 62; 6. 62; 7, 61; 8 30, 60; 9, 5, 80; 5 45, 78; 5 53, 77; 6, 10, 76; 6 15, 76; 6 injury to the crops.

59. Rain shower at 11 A. M. and at 1 P. M. 20, 76; 6, 22,76 ; 6 30, 75; 6 40, 75; 6, 45, 74;

June 17.–4 A. M. 61; 5, 61 ; 6,63; 7,66 ; 8, 68; June 23.-4, 52; 5, 52; 6, 53; 7, 56; 8, 56; 9, 7,73. 730, 74; 8, 73; 9, 72; 11, 71. Heavy rain

9, 68 ; 10, 70; 11, 70; 12, 711; 1, 71.); 2, 711 ; 3, 57; 10, 59; 11, 59; 12, 61; 1, 65; 2, 67 ; 3, 67 ; at Savannah, Georgia, and at Charleston, South Caro

715; 4,71%; 5, 71.; 6,70: 7,69 ; 8,69 ; 9,66; 11 4, 68 ; 5, 67 ; 6, 66 ; 7, 64; 8, 64; 8, 30, 63; 9, 61 ; lina. At 2 P. M. light clouds and strong wind at 5 15, 63;

11, 30, 584. Cold wind in the morning, rain during 45, lieavy clouds in S. W., 5 53 rain. 6 10 to 45

Melancholy death.-On Middle River, Va., a dis the night. thunder and lightning. At 7 and 7 30 heavy rain.

tressing instance of death occurred on the 17th inst. June 24.-4 A. M. 53 ; 5, 56; 6,58; 7,59; 8,61 ; Telegraph Wires struck by lightning at Jersey City.

Mrs, Ann Karlkoffe, wife of Mr. Jacob Karlkofte, 9, 64; 10, 66; 10, 664 ; 12, 68; 1,70; 2,71 ; 3,73; Thunder and lightning during the night.

just after the shower which fell on that evening went 4, 731; 5, 74; 6, 70; 7, 68.1; 8, 67 ; 9, 63 ; 10,62; June 5.6-4,70 ; 5, 70; 6,70; 7.71 : 8,71; 9,73;

to a wagon in front of the house to get some wood, 11, 61. Shower in the night. 10, 75: 11, 77; 12, 80; 1, 81; 1 30, 81 ; 2, 82; 4,

and as she was standing on the wheel the lightning June 25.-4 A. M. 59; 5, 60; 6, 61; 7, 62 ; 8,67 ; 81; 5, 81; 6, 50, 80; 7, 80 ; 7 10.79; 7 30, 78; 8,

struck her. Her husband on hearing the report ran 9, 68; 10, 69). Thunder storm at 11 P. M. 11, 71; 76; 10, 72. Heavy rain at Charleston, S. C. The

to the door and found her lying on the ground appa 12,73;1,73,5,73 ; 6, 70; 7,67}; 8,67; 9,65 ; 10,63! cotton factory of Samuel Hopkins of Exeter, R. I

rently lifeless. He picked her up immediately and June 26,-4 A. M. 61; 5, 62; 6, 64;7, 66 ; 8,71 ; struck by lightning and with its contents consumed

carried her into the house, but after laying her upon 9, 76; 10, 80; 11 15; 81 ; 12, 83; 1, 82 ; 2, 84; Loss $6000. At 6 50 P. M. thunder, at 7, very dark

the bed she made one gasp, thus showing that life was 2 15, 83; 230, 83; 3, 82: 3 30, 81; 4, 79; 4 10, and 7 10, rain. 1

not wholly extinct. It is greatly to be regretted that 78 ; 5, 74; 6, 74; 6 30, 72; 7, 72; 7; 42, 70; 935, June 6.-4 o'clock, 62 ; 5, 62; 7,62; 8, 64; 9, 61, the experiment of pouring water copiously was not 67 ; 10, 30, 65. Thunder at 4 P. M. Rain at 6, 30, 10,70; 11, 70; 12, 71; 1,72; 2, 72; 3, 73; 4,73;

made, (as ought to be done in all such cases) for it and 4 10 P. M. 5,72; 6.72; 7,70; 8, 67 ; 9, 64; 11, 63.

might bave been the means of saving her. Mrs. June 27.-4 A. M. 60; 5, 60; 6, 60; 7,61 ; 8, 62 ; June 7.–4, 58; 5,58; 5 30, 62; 6, 62; 7, 62; 7

Karlkofle was about thirty years of age, and left four 9, 64; 10, 65 ; 11, 664 ; 12, 68 ; 1, 694 ; 2, 71; 2 :30, 62; 8, 10, 64; 10, 66 ; 11, 72; 12, 72: 1, 73;

small children, one of whom is but a few months old, 30, 72); 3, 73; 4, 73; 5, 71; 6, 68; 7, 66; 8, 66 ; 2,74; 4, 72 ; 5, 70; 6, 67 ; 7, 64; 8, 63 ; 10, 611.

to the care of her bereaved and discousolate husband. 10, 30, 624-cloudy and windy. Schooner H. Scranston, bound from Richmond,

June 18.-4 A. M. 63. ; 5, 64; 6, 64; 7. 66.7 June 28.-4 A. M. 62}; 5, 621; 6, 65 ; 6, 10, 64; Va., to Philadelphia, with a cargo of coal, was struck

30, 67 ; 8, 68; 8 30, 69 ; 9,71; 10, 30, 74; 11, 74; 7, 65 ; 8, 65; 9, 65%; 10, 67%; 11, 68; 12, 68; 1, by lightning off Hog Island the night of the 7th of 12, 76; 1,80; 1 30, 80; 2, 80; 2 30, 81, 3, 80; 3 68 ; 2, 68; 3, 68; 4, 67 ; 5, 67 ; 6, 66; 8, 66; 9,

64; 9 30,79 ; 4,78 ; 5, 77 ; 6, 75: 7, 733; 8, 73; 9, 71;

10, 66; 11, 64-Rain 6 A. M. Cloud in S. June inst. One man killed, and all on board severely 10, 71; 11, 704.

W. at 1 A. M. Showery at 3 P. M. stunned—both her masts shivered to pieces. She

June 19.-2 A. M. 703; 4, 703; 5, 70; 6, 71; 7, Monday, June 29.-4, 634; 5, 631; 6, 631: 7, put into Norfolk on the 15th inst. in distress.

72 ; 8,74; 9,74; 10 15,76; 11 78.1; 12, 80; 1,82; 633 ; 8, 643 ; 9, 67%; 10, 67}; 11, 68 ; 12, 72; 1, Monday June 8.–4, 59; 5,58 ; 6,61; 7,64 ; 8, 64; 2, 82; 3, 83: 4, 83; 4 30, 82; 5, 82; 5 5, 81; 74; 2,73; 3.75 ; 4, 73; 5, 73; 6,73; 7, 71; 10, 68. 9, 65 ; 10, 67 ; 11, 25, 68; 12, 35, 72; 2,75; 3, 73; 5 10, 79; 5 15, 78 ; 5 25, 77; 5 30, 76; 5 35,75 ; Cold wind, cloudy at 4 A. M. 4,72; 5. 71; 6, 70; 7, 68; 8, 65;9,63; 10, 62; 11,

June 30, 4 A.M.68, 5, 68 ; 6, 68; 7 68; 8,705;9,714 ; 60. Cloudy at 7 A. M. Sprinkle of Rain at 9 A.M. in sight ot 4 30 P. M. Rain 5, 15. Thunder and 10, 71 ; 11, 73; 12, 72; 1,78 ; 2, 72: 3, 71; 4,71 ; Rain coinmenced falling at Salisbury, N. C.. with a lightning 5 35 to 5, 50. Gale of wind at Quebec this || 5, 71; 6, 71; 7, 70; 8, 68; 9, 67. Cloudy during wind from North East, and continued without half an | night. 'Thunder storm and wind squall at Harris " the day.

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