Gambar halaman


Cambreling,) whose long experience in the national land, Brown, Jordan, Loomis, Worden, Simmons, MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.

legislature, when this very subject was repeatedly Bascom, Hart, Stephens, Patterson, Sears.

under the most searching discussion-his great op 11. On the rights and privileges of the citizens of The Hon. HENRY C. MURPHY, formerly Mayor of

portunities for obtaining information in relation to it, this State-Messrs. Tallm udge. Ayrault, Swackbathe city of Brooklyn, and more recently a Member

and his great study of the questions connected with wer, Parish, D. D. Campbell, Witbeck, Yawger. of the National Legislature, has made a move in

it-point him out as the most proper person to take 12. On education, common schools, and the approCONVENTION to drive the Lion from the bush. W6

in haud the subject of private corporations, whilst at priate funds--Messrs. Nicoll, Munro. Bowdish, A. find the following in the Albany Argus and Albany the same time he might distrust his knowledge for W. Young, Tuthill, Willard, Hunt. Allas.

the thorough investigation of public corporations. 13. On future amendments and revisions of the June 5.

And the honorable gentleman at the head of the list Constitution-Messrs. Marvin, Riker, Vache, Cook, Mr. Murphy offered the following resolution:

of the New-York delegation, though he may not Nellis, Graham, J. Young. Resolved, That it be referred to the committee of

have been able to devote so much of his time 14. On the organization and powers of cities and seventeen to inquire into the expediency of appoint

thereto, yet having seen probably more of the prac incorporated villages, and especially their power of ing a select committee to take into consideration so

tical workings both of private and municipal corpo. taxation, assessment, borrowing money, contracting much of the constitution as relates to municipal cor

rations, is equally qualified to investigate either. debts, and loaning their credit-Messrs. Murphy, porations.

He would beg pardon for thus pointedly alluding to Allen, Stow, Maun, Crooker, Van Schoonhoven, * Mr. Morphy was induced to offer that resolution

these gentlemen, but he had done so merely by way | Sheldon. in such a form in consequence of the intimations

of illustration. As to the using of public monies for 15. On the power of counties, towns, and other recently thrown out in the Convention, in the course

private purposes, there were many gentlemen here municipal corporations, except cities and incorpoof the discussion relative to appointing this com

who had fully studied the subject; but who not rated villages, and especially their power of local mittee of 17, viz: that unless propositions were pro

haring dwelt in cities, had never felt the power legislation, taxation, assessment, borrowing money, perly advocated here, that there would be but little

from the throne, greater than the throne itself, -and and contracting debis-Messrs. Brown, R. Campbell, chance before the committee. And therefore he

therefore have never reflected upon the extraordinary F. F. Backus, Smith, Tafft, Flanders, Candee. would very briefly state the reasons that induced

power of municipal corporations in this particular. 16. On the currency and banking-Messrs, Camhim to offer this resolution now.

His object in rising at this time, was not to detain breleng, Russell, Dorlon, Townsend, E. Spencer, He would not trouble the committee had we not

the Convention ; but merely to impress upon the Cuddeback, Taggart. had intimations in the different projects which have

minds of the Committee, noro, the vast importance 17. On incorporations, other than banking or mubeen thrown out by the gentleman from Herkimer,

of the subject embraced in his resolution; and he nicipal-Messrs. Loomis, Shepard, Bergen, Dana, and the gentleman from Orange, that this very im

would move its reference to that committee of 17. Conelly, H. Backus, Warren. portant subject, which is embraced in the resolution

It was altered so as to read, “the committee be 18. On the creation and division of estates in he had offered, would noo receive that preliminary

directed to enquire into the expediency," &c. and lands--Messrs. Nelson, Harris, Flanders, Bull, A. investigation in the committee, which the importthen it was adopted.

Huntington, Hutchinson, Clyde. ance of the subject seems to me at least to require.

Mr. Chamberluin offered a resolution appointing If he understood the gentleman from Herkimer By the following proeeedings in Conrention, it

Francis Seger one of the secretaries, and Mr. C.'s (Mr. Loomis) correctly, he proposed to enquire into li will be seen that MR. Murphy has been appointed municipal corporations only so far as relates to debt Chairman of the Committee on Municipal Corpora

resolution was adopted. Adjourned. and taxation. Now, sir, this is too limited; too cirtions

SATURDAY, June 13. cumscribed, and he could well conceive how the CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION.

RESOLUTIONS. mind of the gentleman from Herkimer, intently oc

FRIDAY, June 12. cupied as he has been, upon that great question of

Resolutions offered : debt and taxation-may have overlcoked -may not


By Mr. O'Conner, that in actions of libel the truth have fully considered the other great questions that The President announced the committees on the may be given in evidence; and if it shall appear to must come before us in relation to municipal corpo- | several subjects named in the resolution adopted on

the jury that the matter charged as libelous, is true, rations. Why, sir, this is one of the most important || Wednesday, as follows:

and was published with good motives and justifiable questions that will have to be agitated in this Con- 1 1. On the apportionment, election, tenure of office

ends, the party shall be acquitted, the jury to be vention. Your municipal corporations affect one- and compensation of the Legislature-Messrs. W.

| judges of the law and fact. Referred. fourth of the entire population of this State—even if Taylor, R. Campbell, Salisbury, White, Burr, Sau

By Mr. Morris, to appoint commnissioners to diswe confine the same merely to cities; but if you in- ford, W. B. Wright.

pose of the unfinished legal business, so that the new clude the incorporated villages, then sir, they affect 2. On the powers and duties of the Legislature

courts have a clear start. Referred. one-third of the whole population of the common- except as to matters otherwise referred-Messrs.

By Mr. Morris, to incorporate the principle of wealth. To the other two-thirds this may not be | Stetson, Powers, Miller, St. John, Harrison, J. J.

non-imprisonment for debt in the Constitution. Reconsidered a matter of much moment; but to the | Taylor, McNitt.

ferred. one-third it is a question of vital importance. And 3. On canals, internal improvements, public reve

By Mr. Sheldon, to make bank stockholders indi. he had long since come to the conclusion, in his own nues and property, public debt, and the powers and

vidually liable for the debts of the bank. Referred. mind--the decided conviction---that whether the duties of the Legislature in reference thereto; and

By Mr. Conely, in relation to the policy of usury charters of these corporations derived their existence the restrictions, if any, proper to be imposed upon laws. Roferred. from royal grace, or State legislation, they have the action of the Legislature in making donations

By Mr. Angel, in relation to betting on elections, equally usurped powers, legislative and judicial. | from the public funds, and in making loans of the

and bribing at elections, and disqualifying voters on He did not wish to go into details in connection | moneys or credit of the State-Messrs. Hoffman,

offending. Referred. with the powers and abuses of these corporations; Tilden, Gebhard, Hunter, W. H. Spencer, Greene,

By Mr. Bowdish, to grant the clergy all the privibut merely to impress the importance of this en Richmond.

leges enjoyed by other citizens and subjecting them quiry on the minds of the committee. The propo 4. On the elective franchise-the qualifications to

to their duties. Referred. sition of the gentleman from Orange differs from | vote and hold office-Messrs. Bouck, Gardiner, Ken

By Mr. Marvin, to abolish the two-third provision that of the gentleman from Herkimer, and at the nedy, Dodd, Dorlon, Wood, E. Huntington.

on voting on acts of incorporation and in lieu thereof same time it seeks to embrace too much. He pro 5. On the election, tenure of office, compensation,

to require the assent on each act of a majority of the poses that the committee on this point shall investi powers and duties (except the power to appoint or

members elected. Referred. gate the appropriation of public monies for private nominate to office) of the Governor and Lieutenant

By Mr. A. W. Young, to extend to the colored purposes, also the subject of private corporations Governor-Messrs. Morris, Porter, Hyde, Kingsley,

citizens the right of voting, and abolishing the proand of mnnicipal corporations. What a field of en Penniman, Clark, Waterbury

perty qualification. Referred. quiry does this present ? Sir, it is too vast for the 6. On the election or appointment of all officers,

By Mr. Townsend, to give members of the Legispowers of one committee. The very first branch of other than legislative and judicial, and the Governor lature a salary instead of a per diem allowance. Rethe proposition opens the whole subject of our finan. || and Lieutenant Governor, whose duties and powers

ferred. cial policy; and the subject of private corporations li are not local, and their powers, duties and compen

By Mr. J. J. Taylor, to encourage short sessions is one on which the public mind has been agitated 11 sation-Messrs. Chatfield, Perkins, Kemble, Strong,

of the Legislature, and to reduce per diem allowance almost ever since the adoption of the constitntion, Nicholas, Danforth, Shaver.

after a certain time. Referred. as to their provisions and their powers. Now, if 7. On the appointment or election of all officers By Mr. Bascom, instructing the Judiciary Com. these two great subjects are to be properly investi- whose powers and duties are local, and their tenure mittee to report in favor of abolishing the Court of gated by any one committee, how much chance does of office, powers, duties and compensation-Messrs. Chancery. Laid on the table, and ordered to bo my proposition in relation to municipal incorpora Angel, Jones, Archer, Dubois, Maxwell, Hawley, printed. tions stand for a due iivestigation. Shaw.

By Mr. Rhoades, to prohibit the Legislature from The proposition of the gentleman from Orange, 8. On the militia and military officers-Messrs.

passing any law which shall suspend or alter any of (Mr. Brown,) ought to be divided into three propo- i Ward, Chamberlain, McNeil, Bruce, Stanton,' ker

the legal or equitable remedies for the collection af sitions ; and then each would stand a chance of being | nan, A. Wright.

debts and the enforcement of contracts, so as to opefully examined. By this sub-division, we should be 9. On official oaths and affirmations; and the comgreatly the gainers in other points. For he felt cer- ' petency of witnesses, and oaths and affirmations in

rate retrospectively. Referred. tain that there were gentlemen here who feel them- | legal and equity proceedings—Messrs. Rhoades,

By Mr. Jordan, to prohibit the future creation of selves equally qualified to investigate and decide on Baker, Forsyth, Cornell, Brundage, Brayton, Hotch

any estates in lands, reserving the rents in foe, or for the subject of private corporations, who perhaps kiss.

life or for any longer term than — years; also all might be disposed to distrust their knowledge on the 10. On the judiciary—and the appointment or

covenants for quarter or tenth sales, and all other subject of municipal corporations. He would in- election of judicial officers, and their tenure of office

covenants in restraint of alienation and of forfeiture. stance the honorable gentleman from Suffolk, (Mr. ll and compensation-Messrs. Ruggles, O'Conor, Kirk- l Referred. Adjourned.


COPY OF A LETTER FROM THOMAS SPEN. and yet you will find some things here that you dis

CER, Esq.

We have received from David T. VALENTINE, Esq.
Please write as often as you have time.
Saltville, Washington Co., Va. May 31, 1846.

Clerk of the Common Council of the City of New-
Respectfully yours,

York, a beautiful volume of the CorPORATION MANCDear Sir.

AL, for the years 1845 and '6. This work is edited by Your letter of the 22d instant was received yester E. Meriam, Esq.

Mr. Valentine, and he is honored in the work,for it is day, and also the newspapers, for which I thank you.

P. 8. The heavy thunder storm of the 30th of
April occurred between 11 and 12 o'clock at night.

well arranged, and a highly useful publication. The I have called upon Mr. King for his meteorlogical

maps and lithographic views with which it is emtable for this month, and for the deficient days in


bellished, would be more durable if printed on March, which he will furnish me in time to enclose

paper less liable to break in folding. Mr. Valenherewith.

We are under obligations to our Senators in Con. tine, like Deputy Comptroller Campbell of Albany,

gress, Lieut. GOVERNOR Dickinsoy and GENERAL has been long in office, and his experience in this I cannot rely upon my recollection for the hour

Dix, for valuable Public Documents, for which they has been his good schoolmaster. Mr. Valentine is at which the thunder storm of April 30th occurred, will please accept our thanks.

one of the most obliging public officers to be found in but I will endeavor to ascertain from some one who recollects more distinctly than I do, before I close

our city, and his desire and endeavours to faithfully MEMOIR OF ELI WHITNEY,

perform the duties of this most difficult office, renmy letter.


dered so by political changes, has won for him a I am glad to hear that you are about obtaining a

good name among those who have public business to respite from your severe labors and confinement in || By Denison Olmsted, Professor of Natural Phi

transact with him. the city, and to treat yourself with the luxury of

losophy and Astronomy, Yale College, Ner Haven,

The ancient records of the City and County of breathing the pure air of the Adirondack Mountains.


New-York, Mr. Valentine will find a rich field to It would, however, have afforded me much greater

We have received from the distinguished Pro.

labor in ; and he will be able every year that it pleasure, if your interest and pleasure bad directed fessor the author of this memoir, a neatly printed

please the GIVER and SUSTAINER of life to continue you to the Mountains of Western Virginia, when I pamphlet of 80 pages, for which we are thankful.

to him health, to gather a rich h: rvest of the records could have had the pleasure of your society for a

Mr. Whitney was a wonderful man; his mind

of by-gone years to enrich the future pages of his short time. Mr. Preston, Col. King, Dr. McCall, was commissioned by his Creator with a develope

Manual. Mr. Milnor, as well as myself, are very desirous to

ment that has revolutionised the commerce of the receive a visit from you in the course of the sumworld ; an illustration of the benificence of the

MUNICIPAL REGISTER OF THE CITY OF mer; and if you will do us the favor, we pledge Great Creator to the human family, for it is they

BOSTON.-We have received from the Board of ourselves to have a sufficient leisure to accompany that are the beneficiaries, and not the individual who

Permanent Assessors of the City of Boston, a beauyou in rambling among our beautiful mountains, as executes the commission.

tifully bound volume of the MUNICIPAL REGISTER frequently as you desire.

We extract from pags 63 of the memoir, as fol

OF THE City Or Boston. lows: I have visited the cave that'-poke of in my last,

The Board of Permanent Assessors is composed In 1784, an American vessel arrived at Liverpool,

of Three Members, which meet every working day since I last wrote you. I w accompanied by Col. having on board, for part of her cargo, eight bags of King, and several others, who are unknown to you.

in the week throughout the year, at nine o'clock in Cotton, which were seized by the officers of It was a delightful, pleasant excursion. We arrived

the morning, and continue in session till one P. M. Custom house, under the conviction that they at the mouth of the cave at nine o'clock in the morn

This Board, with the Clerks, receive a salary in could not be the growth of America. The following, where we found Thomas Lee, Esq. and his

all $4,000 per annum. This constitutes the expense ing extracts from old newspapers, will exhibit the brother, to whom we had sent word the previons

of the office, with the exception of stationery and extout of the Cotton trade for the subsequent years. fire wood. evening of our intended visit. The plantation and residence of these gentlemen is near the cave, and Colton from America arrived at Liverpool, Eng.

The business of the office is managed with system 1785, January.--Diana, from Charleston, on our approach, we found them, with true Virginia |

and order, and afford to the citizens of Boston ad

1 bag. hospitality, prepared with lighted candles ready to February.--Tening, from New York, 1 "

vantages in the transaction of their business in relaaccompany us through the dark caverns. As you " June.-Grange, from Philadelphia, 3 “.

tion to Taxes, that no other city in the Union pos conjectured, the cave is formed in lime stone.

sesses. The

- 5 bags. passage of the first 200 yards is rather rugged and 1786, May.--Thomas, from Charleston, 2 bags.

Mo CULLOUGH'S GEOGRAPHICAL DICTION. difficult, entering at the base of a mountain, and " June.-Juno, from Charleston, 4 "

ARY.-We have received from the Hon. JAMES descending, but not precipitous, until we had reached

- 6 bags.

|| HARPER, formerly the distinguished Native Mayor the above named distance, at which point we de 1787, April.-John, from Philadelphia, 6 bags. of the City of New York, two large volumes of scended upon a ladder, which had been arranged by

June.- Wilson, from New York, 9 "

| Mc Cullougu's GEOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY, a very the Messrs. Lecs', a perpendicular chasm of 30 feet'; " -Grange, from Philadelphia, 9 "

useful, and therefore a very valuable work. In the at the foot of the ladder, we found the room more " Aug.-Henderson, from Charleston, 40"

title page, is a note from the worthy donor, of whicha spacious, but the pathway by no means synooth and Dec.-John, from Philadelphia, · 44 ·

the following is a copy : even. The excavation at some points is 40 or more

- 108 bags. * Presented to E. Meriam, Esq. as a token of sinfeet wide, and perhaps from 20 to 40 feet high; and 1788, Jan.-Mersey, from Charleston, 1 bag.

cere regard for the inany excellent qualities that at one point, the roof is so high that it cannot be . -Grange, from Philadelphia, 5

adorn his public and private character, by seen by candle light. There are numerous avenues “ June.- John, from Philadelphia, 30 "

JAMES HARPER. branching from the main passage, where a stranger « July:-Harriet, from New York, 62 "

We are thankful for the gift, and grateful for this might easily be lost. At the distance of about one *** "'-Grange from Philadelphia,111 “

kind expression of approbation, from one of our felfourth of a mile from the entrance, we left the main

“ -Polly, from Charleston, 73 "

low citizens, so highly esteemed and so greatly bepath, and turning to the left, ascended a precipitous

-- 282 bags.

loved as is the worthy donor by all who know him. cliff about 50 feet, and entered a spacious chamber, " The whole Domestic Exports from the United

A humble desire to merit the high commendation, beautifully decorated with stalactities of white spar, States in 1825, were valued at 66,940,000 dollars, of

is so devout an aspiration, that it flows spontaneously of various shapes and dimensions, some pieces of which value 36,846,000 was in Cotton only. In

from my breast in recording this notice. which we brought out with us, a part of which I de general, this article is equal to some millions more sign for your use. than one-half of our Exports. The average growth

REAL ESTATE AND PERSONAL PROPERTY. Col. King and myself engaged a man, who went for the three years previous to 1828, was estimated

The total valuation of Real and Personal Estate of with us, to get out and deliver to us at Saltville, a

at 900,000 bales, which is near 300,000,000 lbs., of beautiful white spar about ten feet long and six which about one-fifth was consumed in our manu

this city for 1845, was $135,948,700; increase over

1844, $41,367,100. Amount of taxes, $811,338 19, Inches in diameter. It was attached to the floor and factories,"

or $7 08 to each inhabitant. “Eli Whitney was born at Westborough, Worces

Tue amount of proroof of the cave, where it stands as if it was de.

perty, alienable and unalienable, belonging to the city signed for a support to the weighty superincumbent

ter County, Massachusetts, Dec. 8, 1765," p. 5.

Mr. Whitney, left New Haven, Conn. for the tock. If he succeeds in getting it out, (which will

itself, is $14,512,557.- Boston Paper. be rather a difficult task,) we intend to box it up

State of Georgia in 1792, for the purpose of under

taking the business of teacher in a private family in and send it to you.

STATE CONVENTION, that Štate; the person who contracted with him, The State Convention now la session, should inThe mountain from the base where we entered to

disappointed him, and avoided the engagement, and corporate a provision in the Constitution, to protect the top, I should think, is about 300 feet high. There

he was left a guest in the family of General Green ; the resting place of the dead It is an all important is a river that makes its appearance in another part while under their hospitable roof, he discovered a

matter, and should receive from the members of the of the cave, but this we did not visit, as some of our

plan for constructing the Cotton Gin, now exten State Convention that attention which its importparty were too much fatigued to proceed further,

sively used. How wonderful are events; how often ance demands. and we retraced our steps, and emerged into broad do disappointments in one concern, prove the way and open day; when our party proceeded to the for success in others, which but for the particular

ASSESSMENT ABUSES. plantation of the Messrs. Lee, and partook of a aisappointment might have remained dormant.

The statement of fees and charges in the prosumptuous repast, prepared by the kind and amiable gisters of our interesting friends and hosts.

ceedings for opening streets in the city of New. HURRICANE.

York, are of a most alarming character. The fees You must come to Virginia, if your kind and be Brownsville, Pa., was seriously injured by a hur- are to be taxed, it appears, before Mr. Hallet, who nevolent heart would feast upon true and generous ricane, yesterday week. Several houses, the bridge, || is also a Chairman of the Commissioners in two of bospitality. Your New-York climate is too cold to and a new steamboat were unroofed, and two car- | the three cases. Such proceeding should receive produce it in such perfection as you will find it here, 1! penters wounded.

I the prompt attention of the State Convention.



...Thus there were 120 yorking days in September www.AVAV. KOTT HOTJO

non pret laid out under and by vir nog

the Legislature of the people of the State of New We placerhe fottoring before the State Convention

25 in October, 25 in November, 27 in December, 27 „pal hiALTaiu úlosi bov '1991 SVENSV York, entitled An act to lay out a new street in the N in January, and 24 in February. In December and -w lumine commento come lo 1995 twelfth and sixteenth wards of the city of New 100

January, there were , twboholidáy llobisteas and all MoiTA: HOUSTOY STREET, disced alry and to keep, open a part of the Bloomingdale Road in || New Year's.

712 100 O UPREM COURT.-In eko matter of the applia said city, passed April 16, 1838-Publis: Aqşice is

The above, named Commiasjoners gane pahliq notice Dication of the Mayor Aldermed and Commonally hereby given that the costs, and charges, incurred by

in the Express, published in the city of New York in of the cityisofi New York, relative to widening House reason of the proceedings in the above entitled matter. tioo adverlisements dated February 11th, 1846, that ton Street on the northeasterly side thereof Bin the will be taxed by William P. HALLET, Esq., one of they had completed their estimate and assessment in eleventlar iward of the said city from the intersection of clerks of this Court, at his office in the City Hall of

the matter of Houston Street, and 2180 "Leroy Street the bortheasterly sidelot Second Street with the south the city of New-York, on the twenty-second day, of Hithe Bloomingdale Road; the advertisement dates easterly side of Lewis i Streer to the tohthwesterly June mstanit; artenb'chock in the forehdon'of that day.

| February 20, 1846, requiring persons having objec corner of Tompkins Street and Houston Bokep Patid JA Dated New York: Tutte 4.9898.3 707) TUUT

tions to present the same, Hice within 30 days pe 1 lić antice is hereby given that the costs and charges yout 1 WM.P HALTET. idyl odewisy 1.0

The Supreme Court confined the commitmonero inchirred by reason of the proceedings in the above

J. W. C. LEVERIDGE, Commissioners. liit

Reports in Houston and Leroy Street on the first day egitided matter will be taxed by WILLIAMB. HALUET


of the May-Term '1846, notwithstanding the costs had Esqm, one of the Clerks efritis conrts at his office iti J. LEVERIDGE, Attorneys

not been tared, but in the Bloomingdale Road case ye? the City Hall of the city of New York, on the twenty

2,11 ZOTTOO Fris HOT CHYLI 1111

quired that the costs should bestáticedarí ot baie mis 1 second day of dune instant, at ten o look in the forenoou of that day,

Attorneys apd Counsel Feesus 2,204.56

WW: P:"Hallett, Esq., the Clerk of the Supreme 10 Dated New York, June 4, 1846-1 D. 21. IT

- Edward Ewen's 'Surveyors bill,


Court is the W. PHallet the Commissioner in the o blog. WC LEVERIDGE Olot l..sul-07.

- Rogin Hire for comanissionerse, vigast

152.00 matter of lhe-Bloomingdale Road, and of Leroy Street di JediCHAS. A: WHITNEY fiy Commissioners, our

pary Gommissioners tees, mille juostises 1,716,001

Why notas the costs before the Circuit judge of the a ommtJOSEPH HUFPY.T-12


TO 0.550

911 TOY

92, Other Expenses, livrot

to 3 8.5 I

I vinir hwili w noy J! LiveRIDGE; Attorney: 1; 121,'. ui esilo barpragerul, non si Will you! 750.00

SYNOPSIS, at bord blue xid io a tris sat u rs utros C-d to su niptes 8 bills and I') zintre cit,259,59. »

Commissionpr Hallet... 312:00, or 6 monthn 27 dagement Daniel Ewen, Surveyor's bill, ----= 376.00 ou To Orionog ovis bios lovas TA

of pileib Whitney. 956400101 9:1 2 0 18 !!) 91.1,1051142 Brod 1 Coubebaód Attorneys lees, ) 13 JL.IT11180146

Jo mer i 16.182.56,11

•1681 " 20 Loner dyb 966,00 or 9-it mir 6 g/14997 to Room'hirel of the Commissionersji 971 1221000

The Commissioners in this case were appointed by

Counsellor Loveridget 4,838114, tather of Comp Level A rule of the Street Department of the Supreme Court - Meeting atbufty, 23 at $4,10 PIO e fr92.0091

D. Ewen, brother of Ithe invites you and entered onthe 4th day of September, 1845900979

are indel 93190II w Wibitney, 61 at $4omislor burr244600 101

Corp, Comptrollerid 580.00101118 Sabi ay Leveridge, 61 at $4, 10 YTI 244.00 10

-The following aris provisions ofitart in relation to Edward Ewen, also a brother; 192,00.!. PE Semprot hCollector, i 209 til TET 10 DIE 200.00 Fees :

to che vi

i v sved 1 Printing, w

akoy ] oh Fees; fhe-to botaxed./ .80 m 1919 34901 bis 19da 1519:40 to slOther expenses 54V at

U nr TAXES IN BARBARYTW 3281 I onin 110mg 12. No cost or charges to the said 'commission

10t 1993:50 mi Apprhisoris billinen Aseris, 9 bre 791, 40100011 ers, their attorney, counsel or others,' shall be paid or

We find in a Report made to Congress; by the Sert a vise griegoti) i diwbul T allowed for, any 'services performed uncler this aet, or retary of State, a letter from the Ambricam Consule

!!79 oft irison'sit kurs 43.021.86 llo the act bereby attended, unless the same shall be brappointed by rule of the Street Departaient of the Cated by the said court, who are required to make

dáted at Tuiuis, in' Bhrbary, in 1843, from which was Supreme Court of Judicature of the State of Newit rúles to apply to the said Bills of costs, the existing extract as follows it rinj, 2. i "Isio 20 gadusvis York Actiligrad Street Coinnifsioner bf that portion of laws in relation to the taxation of costs, and the nature

hers,976.INTERNALISTAXE 7 to 991: hipag He county of Now York shot laid down on the Coms and proof of the services renderediand disbursements ti the olive tree pays a tax of from 4 tp la campbe

19. GUS 100 10 missioner's Map bfi1801204 Monday, Septi4th1845, charged, ps, far as the same can be made applicable; at Albany, Sworn at New York on Mondays the 8th and no unnecessary cost pri charges shall be allowed. ||

për tree, according to size. In the southern part of day of September, 1845. e92

the kingdom it pays no other duty or tax. In Tunis Public, notice of the time and place of the taxation of costs shall be givenly for the same time and in the

and its environs a tenxh is added to the chargę, per treen -VOITO JA LEROY 'STREETID JOIN'') 01/. same manner as notices are required to be given by

with other exactions under various pretexts, which ANUPREME COURT Lüthe Watier 'bf the applies the above ninth section ; and a copy of the bill of

load the tree with a duty amounting in all more nearly, dation of the Mayor, Aldermen and Communalty costs, containing items and pers

equalto one-fifth, than a tenth, Also the olives plucked of the city of Now York, relative to extending Le formed, shall be deposited in the office of the street

for eating when brought to market rank with the Roy Street eastwerály ffom Hudson Street and Burton commissioner at the time of the first publication of

fruit, and pay one-fourth to the mopopolist. There in Street, southwestwardly from its present termination such notice.". act of Aprili 20, 1839

a' tax upon oil sold for home consumption, and which at the line commonly kibwh as the 'böllidárý tale UT.

is like other taxes farmed out by the Bey. The Caila

The Supreme Court of Uticajuly 20,1839; made a Trinity Church, until the lines of said Le Roy Street

of monopolist, receives about pue halt a piastre for rutes directing the costs and fees to be taxed by Circuit and Burton Street'respectively meet or intersect each

every camel or horse load' and also the droppinga Judges, thé Řecondby of the city of New York, or one ottier a publie notice 16 hereby given that the costs

as it is measured out. The date tree, like the olive of the clerks of the Supreneli Odurki . " and charges incurred by reason of the proceedings in

paysa tax per tree. The date tax is from one cargabe

v “Competisation to be paid to Commissioner's"

ih tree, according to its y the above, entitled matter, will be taxed by, WILLIAM

Hatlett, E. one of the clerks of this Court, at 189. And he it further enacted, That the Com-

| the tay gatherer." The fruit, when sent to marketins his bice in the Enty Hall of the City '8€ New-York, | missioners to be appointed mder and by yirtue of this

the monopolis on the twenty-secona day of Fame tüstant, at të act, for any of the purposes aforesaid, who shall enter

other fruit, one fosirths tol su cognitus íuse 1389 o'clock in the forenson ordnat dan in 1990

upon the duties of their appointment, shall Thiš.system of taxation is identical with that rbcô trio Dated New-York, June 4, 1846. -b oldutos A

entitled to receive the sum of not more than, four mended by the corpbration comptrolleno" He proposed Pia WM! P. HALterih rizingas 16 si ovob orai

dollars, besides all reasonable expenses for maps, surn the vessel wharfage, and package pay wharto j. w. c. LÉVERIDGE,'{ Conmissionersort

veys, and plans, clerk bire and other necessary expen. age when they: come in, and also when they go out CHAS, A. WAITNEYZE STATEI JAJA

ses and disbursements, for each day they shall respect -That is, an import and export, one ands botly not myin 5. LEVERIDGE;'Attorney?'T U iyely be actually employed in the duties of their appointa

The Bey of Tunis grants special ediata textmedi Dis10

g, rept is soitonov letoj iT llment, the same to be paid by the mayor, aldarmeu and novo A 1 01,312 in 131 mrtio eint. conmonalty of the city of New:York, and included,

kary. This is issued in the export of certain taxablo Daniel Ewen, Surveyorsum

articles, aud dears the particalar etiole of the itan od .001., $205.00.31 l in the before mentioned assessment upon the persons: Counsel and Attorney', FEES Ini 1

the monopolist, Korthe Tiskary the gharge imacoordi 901,152.62 so · ayd parties deemed to be benefitted, by the operation Commissioner's fegs, 35, meetings, $4wile.p1199

ing to the will of the Beysi The taxes, in thika parties and improvement which shall have occasioned, the apos * Room hiré, C.; 50*301-15

Barbary, are fariped out pretty muehlikes tha Nervin M a till pointment of the said commissioners." Reprised Laws Other expenses, $6) 470,75

York city assessmentatiha abuses, howeven whlobu of 01813,gole 2 Roc, 427r 201 y

1 Appraiseris bill,

ni vi 10si) to ota | have been practised here, in these would not have 50.00 Collector's fees!!VIVO) XTZ T2


T! 1194i It shall not berlawful for any coinmissioner. Ap been submitted to there. The most.barbaroub nasiomes i Woi! 1970') 30339260

assessor to charge for any services in making estimates in the world are not as upjust in their impositions fratoria 010 utis ) ui nivo.1 O reo | and assessments for any improvements authorized by upon landed'estates as those of the New-York City. 316.* Grills at rijl b4b | 10 onkin 337 law to ibemassessed upon the owners or occapants of Assessment Monopolists.

ut od i linuses and lots, or improved or uitproved lands: Áppointed by a rule of one of the Justices of the

u We find it needful to state that theraet of Aprib

not actually rendered by him, nor for any parts of days Supreme Court acting as a Street Commissioner of a

20, 1839, was passed pearly, fourteen muntha. before asshole days, while the time thust bccapied was certain portion of the county of New York, Hot laid

the Anti-Assessment Committee was organizedpas the: less than six hours of suelv dayu Aot May 14, 1840.6) down on thc Commissioners map of 1897, on the 4th

Officials, and X-Officials of the New York Corporation: day of September, 1845. Took the path of

"By the Almanac for 1845, it appears that there assert that the law of 1839, requiring 60 daydo boticég thở 8th day of Sept. 1845; that day being Monday."

were four Stindays in the month of September, sub was passed at the instigation of that Committee ai

sequent to the 1th day of that month ; 4 Sundays in S T

they will look at the printed proceedings of the Goran BLOOMINGDALE ROAD. JO 216 xfqu1|| October, 5 Sundays il November, 4 Sundays in De. mou Council of 1839, they will find the act of April UPREME.COURT. In the matted of the appliecëmber: n

e itto di W..1.17

1839. passed through the hands of the Corporation B oation of the Mayory Aldermen and Commonattyi | "Bythe Almanaclof 1846, it appears that 'Jutart officials on its way to the legislature, and was amenda of the city of New York, relative to opening ucettaiul låd48ndays; 'February 4, 'March 5, April'4. goicoy 0 91812 od lo noijasta quoq odd '

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NEW-YORK, JULY 27, 1846.

[Vol. I....No. 43


, TAX ASSESSORS..1846. The volume of the MUNICIPAL GAZETTE which is

FIRST WARD. herewith presented to each member, is incomplete. Asa Gardner,

John McMichael. No Index accompanies it for that reason. The volume

SECOND WARD. will be completed when the State Convention have

Samuel Waterbury, James B. Garretson. finished their labors, at which time a full index will

THIRD WARD. be made, and furnished to each member.

James E. Wood,

Thomas C. Bartine. The ConstituTION OF THE UNITED States will be

FOURTH WARD, found on page 16.

James Averey,

James G. Smith. FORMER CONSTITUTION OF THIS State, pg. 505.


Sampson Moore,



Samuel Waddell, Matthew Murray. CONSTITUTION OF VERMONT, pg. 85.

Extracts from the ConstitUTION of New-Hamp. George Adams, . Richard Squires.
SHIRE, Pg. 88.

The Dongan Charter of the City of New-York with Daniel Wilson,

Elias D. Brower. the petitions therefor, explained, will be found on pgs.

NINTH WARD. 35, 25 and 26.

Heniy Spafford, James L. Miller. Cornbury's Charter, on pg. 39.

TENTH WARD. Montgomerie's Charter on pg. 50.

Edmund D. Drummond, Darius Ferry The letters of Governor Cosby in relation to the act

ELEVENTH WARD. of the Colonial Legislature designed to confirm the John M. Milliken, Charles Perley. City Charter will be found on pg. 556, and 582.

TWELFTH WARD. Act of the Colonial Legislature referred to by Gov. | John P. Dodge,

John Flynn. Cosby, p. 583.

THIRTEENTH WARD. The Royal Anti-Charter of King James, pg. 536. Cornelius B. Timpson, John Flynn, The Amended Charter of the city of New-York, p. 8.

FOURTEENTH WARD. The draft of a Bill as prepared by the City Conven James M. Tice,

James Barry. tion in 1829, on pg. 59, and their address to the people

FIFTEENTH WARD. on page 242.

Ezra Ludlow,

John C. Derr. Opinion of Judge Cowen touching the right of a

SIXTEENTH WARD. Justice of the Supreme Court to hold another office or George Henkin, George Hoey. trust, under the seventh section, of the fifth article, of

SEVENTEENTH WARD. the Constitution, page 283.

John H. Kelly,

George H. Ross. Opinion of Judge Cowen, and Bronson, upon the

EIGHTEENTH WARD. same question, pg. 191.

Richard Turner,

John Divin. Opinion of Judge Bronson upon the same question, The assessors are by law required to complete page 422,

their assessments on or before the 15th day of August Opinion of Senator Porter, upon the same question, -and on or before the 20th day of August to give

public notice that they have completed their assessOpinion of Chief Justice Nelson, and Judge Beards ments, and that they have deposited their assessment ley, pg. 395.

roll at a place to be named, where it will remain open Review of Judge Beardsley's Opinion, interspersed

for inspection for the term of 20 days, during which between the paragraphs of the opinion, 395 to 422.

time any person may object to the assessmen . Review of Lieut. Gov. Gardner's Opinion, accompanying the same, 516.

The Veto POWER.—The Connecticut River bridge

question presents an illustration which is worthy the Letters from the Judges of the Supreme Court of

attention of the State Convention. The Constitution the United States, to the President of the United States should provide that a bill returned by the Execuas to Judiciary duties, and offices incompatible with tive with objections, should together with such obthe duties of Judge, p. 286 and 402.

jections, be published once, at least, ten days before

the house to which it shall be returned, shall proceed Argument of Hon. Daniel Webster before the Su to reconsider the same. preme Court, on the question involving the right of

EXERCISE of Power.—The Veto Message of Gov. the Judges to act as Street Commissioners, pg. 398. Toucey has this feature-the right to exercise power

does not depend upon the extent of that exercise, INCOMPATIBILITY OF OFFICES.- We are asked if but it is this, the right to obstruct the navigation does the office of clerk of a Court of Chancery is incom- || not exist to any extent whatever-admit the right to patible with the office of President of a Racket | any extent, and it may be exercised to every extent, Court? We answer, YES!

even to prohibition altogether.


Compensation of Commissioners. “Sec. 189. And be it further enacted, That the Commissioners to be appointed under and by virtue of this act, for any of the purposes aforesaid, who shall enter upon the duties of their appointment, shall each be entitled to receive the sum of not more than four dollars. besides all reasonable expenses for maps, surveys and plans, clerk hire, and other necessary expenses and disbursements, for each day they shall respectively be actually employed in the duties of their appointment, to be paid by the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New York and included in the before mentioned assessment upon the persons and parties deemed to be benefitted by the operation and improvement which shall have occasioned the appointment of the said Commissioners." Revised Laws of 1813, vol. 2, page 422.

og 4. It shall not be lawful for any Commissioner, or Assessor, to charge for any services in making estimates and assessments for any improvements authorised by law to be assessed upon the owners or occupants of houses and lots, or improved or unimproved lands, not actually rendered by him, nor for any parts of days as whole days, while the time occupied was less than six hours of such day." Sec. 4 of the act of May 14, 1840.

Street Department of the Supreme Court.

EXTENDING WILLIAM STREET. Counseller Brady proceeded to Albany, on the part of the New York City Corporation, and the petitioners for extending William Street, on the 9th ult, to make application to one of the Justices of the Supreme Court for the appointment of Commissioners, &c. Counsellor Mott was in attendance to oppose the application, both on account of the persons immediately pecuniarly interested, and also on the part of the people, on the ground that the proceedings sought to be had were a violation of the Constitution of this State. The Court had adjourned the special term before their arrival.

FOURTH AVENUE. From Twenty-eighth to Forty-second Street. The Counsel of the Corporation has been instructed by the Mayor of the City and Clerk of the Board of Aldermen, to make application to the Supreme Court of Judicature of this State, for the appointment of Commissioners of Estimate and Assessment for opening this high way.

Assistanč Alderman Townsend, the Chairman of the Street Committee of the Board of Assistants, in 1835 and 6. has arrived in the city fro n the State of Illinois. Mr. Van Schaick, another member of that Committee, is here, and a statement to the Court from both these gentlemen, will, we presume, settle this application.

DANGEROUS LEGISLATION.-We notice in the proceedings of the State Convention that Mr. Taggart introduced a resolution based upon the attempt made at the last session to smuggle (through the State legis. lature) a provision to authorise the Corporation to col. lect a wharf tax, by inserting a clause in a bill in relation to alien passengers, the title of which was calculated to mislead both the Legislature and the public.

AMENDED Bills. Some provision should be made in relation to the amendment of Bills -as amendments are written on loose paper instead of being attached to the bill; they may be lost in handling.

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CONVENTION OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE |tion of the committee, and at any rate would afford | the mover. He therefore hoped that committee No.

a very good reason for a report against the section. 2 would not be burthened with its consideration. OF NEW-YORK.

Mr. Brown said that it was apparent that the sub Mr. Chatfield wished to make a disposition of SATURDAY (19th day) June 20. ject of the resolution did not relate to committe No. this torpedo which none seemed disposed to touch

15. Any gentleman who would take the trouble to Each proposition of reference had brought some memPrayer by the Rev. Mr. Campbell.

look at its organization and the subjects committed to ber of the committee to his feet to protest against. The PRESIDENT presented a report from the Regis- |

its action would see that this had no possible connec Now he would move that it be referred to a select ter in Chancery, in answer to a resolution of the Con

tion with those duties. To committee No. 15 is com committee of five, at the same time protesting against vention, showing the number of bills filed in that

mitted the powers of counties, towns, and other mu being put on the committee. (Laughter, ] Court, and the causes on the calender, during the

nicipal corporations, except cities and incorporated Mr. Loomis concurred in the view that the proper years 1844 and 1845.

villages, and especially their power of local legisla reference was to a select committee. On looking over On the motion of Mr. ChaTFIELD, the paper was tion, taxation, assessment, borrowing money and con the list it appeared to him that there was no one more referred to the judiciary committee. tracting debts. If the subject embraced in this reso than a

ler whose peculiar powers


lution related to the public revenues of the State this resolution would come. And he would refer it Mr. Morris offered the following resolution :

generally and not the local—he asked if it referred to to a select committee more particularly after the exlocal as well as general taxation ?

pression of the gentleman at the head of comınittee s. No citizeu can by any means be compelled to

Mr. MORRIS : Both, sir.

No. 2, of his unfavorable impression as to the object contribute to any gist, aid, loan, tax, or imposition or

Mr. Brown said that if it referred to either, then

of the mover. He knew nothing of the relative poother like charge, which is not imposed on and requi

it did not belong to committee No. 15. The committee sitions of Brooklyn and New-York on this question. red of all other citizens irrespective of class, calling

to which the resolution should be referred was No. but he desired to express this suggestion. He saw or occupation.

3. That is where it should go, and he was the more no good reason for the distinction between personal It was referred.

anxious that it should take that direction from the fact and real estate. Both should participate alike. In LOCAL TAXATION.

that the cominiitee No. 15 had already a very trouble the case of real estate the taxation is always local and some task before them.

levied where it is situated ; and he saw no reason Mr. Morris also offered the following resolution :

Mr. Morris had no objection to that.

why taxation on personal estate should not be liable O . Personal property used or invested in trade, Mr. RICHMOND said that gentlemen would discover to the same rule. We should either bring the real estate business or occupation, shall be assessed in the town if they looked into this matter that it had nothing at under the same rule as was applicable to personal, or ward where such trade, business or occupation is all to do with committee No. 3. That committe took or the personal under the same as applied to real estate. conducted.

charge of the subject of canals, internal improve A good many difficulties have arisen out of our sysHe moved its reference to the 14th committee, menis, public revenue and property, public debt and || tem of taxation, and the adjustment of the details. which was on the organization, and powers of cities the powers and duties of the legislature in reference The system of arbitrary distinctions between real and and incorporated villages, and especially their power thereto, &c. Now he proposed to look a little into personal property were derived undoubtedly from the of taxation, assessment, borrowing money, contracting the duties of committee No. 2. That committee had mother country. There a landholder is considered debt, and loaning their credit.

charge of the powers and duties of the legislature ex of more importance than the owner of mere personal Mr. TAGGART suggested that the proposition be cept as to matters otherwise referred. That was the estate. The difficulties there in the way of the alienlonged more properly to the 15th committee. The proper committee for this matter-as to the matter of ation of real and personal estate do not exist in this duties of that committee were in relation to the pow taxing property and as to where it should be located country. And with us this distinction is almost abolish. er of counties, towns, and other municipal corpora -whether in Albany or Greenbush, or in New-York \ ed in its practice. We have some remains of it it is tions, except cities and incorporated villages, and or Brooklyn. It was a matter of legislation-a general true, in the requirements of the formality of a deed especially their power of local legislation, taxation, matter-having reference to the whole State, and the in real estate transfers, but generally the spirit of the assessment, borrowing money, and collecting debts. resolution was a general one and was not alone of spe- law was in favor of transferring one as well as the

Mr. Morris had no choice in this matter-his only cial reference to these cities- there was nothing of other. His impressions were in favor of the proposidesire was that it should be referred.

the kind. If he understood it, it proposed that per- tion for a select committee or of its converse, and this Mr. Murphy had no objection to the reference. sonal property should be taxed at the place where the | seemned to him the best of the two. The object of the resolution was sufficiently apparent, business was done, and not where the residence was Mr. PERKINS said that if it was desirable entirely and expressed in direct terms. It was the opinion, located. Cases of this kind occur in almost every to change the law in relation to assessments on perno doubt very honestly entertained, by the mover, ! town and county in the State, and it was therefore a isonal property, it was a matter which should engage that residents in one place doing business in another, general matter appertaining to the duties of cominit the very serious atteution of this body. He appreshould be assessed in the place where the business is tee No. 2. It certainly did not belong to committee hended that the proposition of the gentleman from done for their personal property. This is an exceed No. 3, for that had charge of the great matter of State !! New-York, and the views of the gentleman from Heringly interesting question, and like others that would debt and loans of its credit, &c.-matters sufficiently kimer, were impracticable, without an entire change probably come before the Convention, it concerned large and important enough for their consideration. It in the system of the taxation of personal property. more particularly two cities in the southern part of the was never constituted to take charge of such a matter And in order to arrive at any views thus entertained State. He had no objection to this reference, but he as this.

by them, we must tax all personal property as we tax had rather it should go to some committee of which he Mr. Murray concurred in the views taken of this li real estate, without reference to any distinction on acwas not a member.

matter of reference by the gentleman last up. This count of indebtedness of the person in possession. Mr. Morris begged the gentleman's pardon. When subject no more belonged to No. 3, than it did to No. 1 As the law now exists and has existed since the organ. he mentioned the committee No. 14, it did not occur 15, or No. 14, for it was a matter of general interest. ization of our government a person is only taxed for to him that his friend from Kings (Mr. M.) was on that Those committees refer to particular matters in the the excess of his personal property over and above committee. He had however,accepted the suggestion of Constitution. No. 14, that of Municipal Corporations

all indebtedness. If the proposition of the gentleman his friend on his left that it should go to committee No. No. 15 to certain other than Municipal Corporations. from New York prevails how is that to be ascertained. 15, prior to the gentleman from Kings', rising or his and No. 3, in regard to our general internal policy. As the laws exist, if a deduction is allowed on account (Mr. M.'s.) discovering that he was on committee No. 2 perfectly embraces the subject. It is truly a of indebtedness, the person assessed must have notice No. 14. The gentleman was right, this was an im subjeci for legislation, and probably did not belong to given him of the amount of his taxation. If a person portant question--and to borrow the figure or refer that body at all. But it was well to have it considered, doing business in New-York has $100,000 of personal ence which the gentleman made use of yesterday. and he hoped that it would be fully considered. But property there, and the same amount in Brooklyn, and one to which we could all reter-the city of the object of the resolution was to change a principle making $200,000 in all, where is the distinction of Albany was an instance. It might be that the city of which exists in all governments, both in civil and the $100,000 indebtedness to be made in New-York Albany might have an immensely heavy business common law-the taxation of personal property at or Brooklyn? transacted in the lower part of the city-and the gen the domicil of the owner. This seeks to cliange the Mr. Loomis: Let the deduction be made where he lleman who used the stores of Albany, its water, invariable rule that taxation is levied for the benefit desires. lamps, docks,&c., and conducted this immensely heavy of those among where its owner resides. He hoped Mr. PERKINS said that it the deduction was made business there, might live over the river at Greenbush, it would be sent to a committee where it would re in the place where he resided-although he has $100,and therefore pay nothing for all this. He was happy ceive full examination. For years the Legislature 000 personal property there-his estate would be ento have this practical instance-as it might illustrate had been besieged by the city of New York, to have tirely untaxed where his business was done ; and the necessity of the proposition he had offered. The the residents of Brooklyn taxed-or legislation changed where he did reside, the city or town would derive gentleman from Kings was mistaken if he supposed so that she should be made a black sheep for New no benefit whatever from his wealth. And very seit was intended to tax gentlemen who lived in Green York. He hoped that it would be examined by a rious questions became involved here, as the result bush-it was only intended that their property in committee that would give it full consideration. necessarily of destroying the distinctions which now Albany should be taxed there. That the property Mr. STETSON was sorry to see the direction which exist between real and personal property, so far as used in Albany, and protected by its municipal laws, this reference was taking. He did not want the respects indebtedness. Whether that was desirable, should contribute to the support of those laws, leav. charge of the subject, and he would submit that the and whether it was not better that all property should ing the person to be taxed in Greenbush for all the fair construction of the last part of the subdivision in be taxed without reference to any indebiedness, and property he might own there.

relation to Committee No. 2-"except as to matters whether that would not operate as equally upon all Mr. STETSON wished to inquire whether the gen otherwise referred "-was that every other committee classes now, was a new and serious question, and one tleman intended to include property of the country should be first tried before any attempt was made to he apprehended, upon which few members in this that might be there on commission ? This would give it to his custody. Again, he was clearly against Convention could give an opinion without a careful subject the whole country to taxation, for the benefit the gentleman's proposition, and it was a settled par examination. of the city.

liamentary rule that all references should take a direc Mr. VAN SCHOONHOVEN thought it unnecessary that Mr. MORRIS said, that would be for the considera tion somewhat at least favorable to the intention of || a special committee should be appointed on this sub

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