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appear arms association attack authority believe better body called carried cause chapels character church circumstances civil clergy combination committed Committee common consequence consider considerable crimes directed district disturbances effect England Established evidence existence fact factions farmers feeling force frequently Galway give given ground increase individual influence instance interest Ireland Irish Kilkenny known labourers land landlord less Limerick live Lord lower magistrate manner means mentioned murder nature never night notice oath object observed opinion outrages parish particular party peasantry persons poor population possession present priest principle proceedings produce Protestants provision punishment question received religion religious remarkable rent respect Roman Catholic says speaking taken tenants tion tithes Whiteboy Whitefeet whole witnesses
Halaman 17 - I know that it is impossible for human wretchedness to exceed that of the miserable peasantry in that province. I know that the unhappy tenantry are ground to powder by relentless landlords. I know that, far from being able to give the clergy their just dues, they have not food or raiment for themselves ; the landlord grasps the whole...
Halaman 427 - I have heard great divines affirm, that nothing is so likely to call down a universal judgment from Heaven upon a nation as universal oppression ; and whether this be not already verified in part, their worships, the landlords, are now at full leisure to consider. Whoever travels this country, and observes the face of nature, or the faces and habits and dwellings of the natives, will hardly think himself in a land where law, religion, or common humanity is professed.
Halaman 96 - A complete system of legislation, with the most prompt, vigorous, and severe executive power, sworn, equipped, and armed for all purposes of savage punishment, is established in almost every district.
Halaman 49 - I am talking nonsense, they know their situation too well to think of it; they can have no defence, but by means of protection from one gentleman against another, who probably protects his vassal as he would the sheep he intends to eat.
Halaman 95 - The Whiteboy Association may be considered as a vast trades union for the protection of the Irish peasantry; the object being not to regulate the rate of wages or the hours of work, but to keep the actual occupant in possession of his land, and in general to regulate the relation of landlord and tenant for the benefit of the latter.
Halaman 8 - It was a common practice with them to go in parties about the country, swearing many to be true to them, and forcing them to join by menaces, which they very often carried into execution. At last they set up to be general redressers of grievances — punished all obnoxious persons who advanced the value of lands, or...
Halaman 428 - There is not one argument used to prove the riches of Ireland, which is not a logical demonstration of its poverty. The rise of our rents is squeezed out of the very blood, and vitals, and clothes, and dwellings of the tenants, who live worse than English beggars. The lowness of interest, in all other countries a sign of wealth, is in us a proof of misery ; there being no trade to employ any borrower. Hence alone comes the dearness of land, since the savers have no other way to lay out their money:...
Halaman 428 - The miserable dress, and diet, and dwelling of the people ; the general desolation in most parts of the kingdom ; the old seats of the nobility and gentry all in ruins, and no new ones in their stead ; the families of farmers, who pay great rents, living in •filth and nastiness upon buttermilk and potatoes, without a shoe or stocking to their feet, or a house so convenient as an English hog-sty to receive them.
Halaman 369 - Creator, but they all agree in respect to the duties which are due from man to man. Each sect adores the Deity in its own peculiar manner, but all the sects preach the same moral law in the name of God.
Halaman 48 - Disrespect or any thing tending towards sauciness he may punish with his cane or his horsewhip with the most perfect security; a poor man would have his bones broke if he offered to lift his hand in his own defence. Knocking down is spoken of in the country in a manner that makes an Englishman stare.