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Naginoth and Nehtloth, what, 245.
New birth, our Lord's account of, 273.
Noah, precepts of, 270.
Nuchthemeron, what, 289.
Nurses, three only mentioned in Scripture, 105.

Oblations, different kinds, 318,302.
Ode, see Poetry.
Odoriferous plants laid up with wearing apparel, 28.
Odyssey quoted, p. 32, 68, 192.
Offerings numerous in the Jewish temple, 151 ; different

kinds, 314, 320.
Officers, but four sorts in Joshua's time, 184; more i.

David's, 185; their Hebrew names explained, 184.
Officers of the temple, 325; of war, 326; of the syna.

gógue, 336.
Oil used anciently instead of candles, 80; their paste

kneaded with it, 86.
Old Men, their authority, 174.
Olympiads, what, 293.
Original sin, Jewish opinion of, 343, 344,
Painters injudiciously represent the habits of the ancients,

71, 72; and a priest present at the ceremony of cira
cumcision, 101 ; by guess only making David playing

on a harp, 117.
Palestine, whence its name, 276; the advantages of its

situation, 53; whence its present desolation, 51; its
fertility formerly, 55; the number of its inhabitants,
ib. its contents of acres, and how many men it was
able to maintain, 58, 59; its contents in degrees, ib.

the people somewhat supported by tributaries, 60.
Pallium, what, 72.
Parnasim, who, 337.
Pastoral life more perfect than that of husbandry, 29;

followed by people of condition among the Greeks and

other nations, 30. See Husbandry.
Pastorals, their origin, 30.
Patriarchs, explanation of the name, 23 note; the ad.

vantage of their longevity, 24; their very namnes his.
torical, 26; a sort of kings, 27; their riches chiefly
in cattle, ib. but without horses or hogs, 28; had
slaves, money, and perfumes, ib. lived chiefly in tents,
ib. their lives laborious, ib. 30 ; their meals plain, and
were great eaters, 31 ; enjoyed good health, and at.
tained to a great age, 33; their moderation with rea-

gard to wives, 33, 34.
Peace-offerings, 316.

Perfumes used by the Israelites before musk and amber.

grise were found out, 129; used sometimes at their

funerals, 135.
Perea described, 283, 281.
Pharisees, their principles, 225; gave alms in public, 226.
Phænicians, or Canaanites, whence addictod to trade, 64.
Phta, the old Egyptian name of God, 353.
Phylacteries, what they were, note, 227; curious account

of one, ib. 228.
Physicians, first in Egypt, 33; originally surgeons, 92.
Plato borrowed probably froin the writings of Moses,

206; despairs of reforming the Sicilians while they

ate two meals in the day, 88.
Plato's commonwealth realized among the ancient Hebrews,

45, 46.
Pliny quoted, 55, 67. See the notes, passim.
Plural, wheii first used in speaking to one person, 126.
Poetry, the most ancient species of it, 114, 115; dramatic

not used among the Hebrews, ib. curious specimens

of it, 253.
Polygamy, the reason of it, 104; reasons why tolerated, 105.
Population of ancient nations, curious facts concerning,

234, &c.
Pot, whence Jerusalem compared to it, 144.
Presbyter, whence, 177.
Priests pot excluded from civil offices, or bearing arms,

146, 185; among the Israelites and Egyptians the
only writers of history, 121; not necessary at the .
ceremony of circumcision, 101 ; forbidden to be pre-
sent at funerals, 134; their court in the temple, 141;
what part they bore in the sacrifices, 144; went bare,
foot into the temple, 146, 320; their order, election,
manner of life, laws, functions, habits, 328 to 335 ;
obliged to marry but within their own tribe, 145, 203;
forbidden from wearing woollen, 146 ; their support,
ib. High-priests from the time of Herod, as many as

the kings pleased, 218; how consecrated, 331.
Priesthood (High) its' succession, 332; passes from the

family of Aaron to that of Judas Maccabeus, ib.
Prophets, when most numerous, 152 ; lived in societies,

153 ; of low circumstances, ib. wore sackcloth, 154%
often married men, ib. whence Daviu,, Samuel, and
Daniel not reckoned prophets, 154; their office, 155;
many counterfeited the demeanour of prophets, ib. false

gods had likewise their prophets, ib. called Seers, 3.10.
Prophesying, how promoted by music, 116.
Proselytes, of two sorts, 95, 269, 370; 153,000 of them

in Judea in Solomon's time, 95; carefully distinguished
from the true Israelites, 202.

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Proselyte of habitation, 269; of justice, 971; ceremonias

on admitting one, 273, 274.
Publicans, who, 223.
Pulse the most common food of the ancients, and which

gave names to the best families among the Romans, 85.
Purifications prescribed, for what reason, 89, 90.

Queen of Sheba, her hard questions or enigmas, 113; who

she was, 195.

Rain, morning and evening, means spring and autumn in

Scripture, 54.
Rashim, who, 184.
Rechabites, who, 321; their institutions, 339.
Resurrection believed by the ancient Jews, 138.
Riddles among the ancients, 113.
Rising early, what it denotes in Scripture, 84.
Rivers of Judea, 277.
Romans, their esteem for husbandry, 45, 119; their ge-

nius, 210; dignities, 287.

Sabbath, its meaning, 291; when it began, ib. signifies
Sceptre not departing from Judah, what meant by it, 169:

sometimes a whole week, 292.
Sabbatical year, 292; no debts exacted in them, 61; slaves

then recovered their liberty, 171.
Sacrifices ordinarily presented and slain by the people at

the altar, 142, by the priests at the public sacrifices
for all the people, 144; continual sacrifice of four
lambs daily, 143; different kinds, 303, 313, 315;

described by Eusebius, 304, 305 ; their origin, 304.
Sasrificing, what it implies, 307, 308; the end of all re-

ligion, 307 ; time of, 308.
Sadducees, their tenets, 225.
Sagan, high-priest's deputy, 332.
Samuria described, 282.
Samaritan letters the ancient Hebrew, 111, 201.

temple destroyed, 217.

MS. in Marsh's Library, Dublin', 363.
Samaritans, their origin, 346; monstrous idolatry, 347,

348; build a temple on mount Gerizim, A. M. 3595;
and never afterwards addicted to idolatry, 349; modern
in Judea and Egypt, 350; their high-priest's confes.
sion of faith, 353; deceived by Mr. Huntington, 356,
360; their fetter to their supposed brethren in Eng-
land, ib. deliver their Pentateuch to Mr. Huntington,

360, 363; this copy described, 363.
Sanhedrin, or council of seventy-two, 221; name explain

ed, ib. See Council.

see note.
Schools for study little in use among the Hebrews, 118;

whence the name, ib.
Scriptures, why read to so little purpose, 18, 19; in their

style resemble the ancient Greek writers, 123, 124;

the Greek of them not elegant, 230.
Septuagint, account of, 208, history of by Aristæus,

probably a fable, ib.; importance to a proper under,

standing of the New Test. 231.
Sense and sound, curious combinations of, in the Hebrew

poetry, 253, 255; in the Greek and Latin poets, 256.
Seers, who, 340.
Sheltach Zibbor, who, 339.
Shemeneh Esreh, or eighteen prayers of the ancient Jews,

Sheminith, what, 245.
Shields, Solomon's three hundred, value of, 265.
Shiggaion, what, 245.
Shoshanim, what, 246.
Silk not known to the ancients, por till late, on this side

the Indies, 75.
Sin-offering, 314, 315.
Sirim, what, 184.
Sirnames of Roman families, 85; Grecłan explained, 40,
Sitting at meals used by the ancient Israelites and Greeks,

84; changed to lying from the reign of the Persians, ib.
Slaves anciently lived happier than our country people

50; few among the Israelites, 63, 102; in what cases
they became so to their brethren, 170; recovered thair
freedom in the sabbatical and jubilee years, 171; the

greatest princes reduced to slavery by conquest, 199.
Solomon, his immense riches, 193, 194; revenues, 194,

265; what his example teaches, 195, 196.
Songs more ancient than letters, 115,
Sopherim, the learned men or scribes, so called, 11le
Sophetim, judges, 177, 184.
Soterim, inferior officers of justice, 177, 184.
Soul its immortality believed by the ancient Jews, 138.
Spain had once the same customs with Africa, now more

resembles Gormany, 21.
Sternhold and Hopkins quoted, 244.
Stipulation, what meant by it, 181.
Stola, what, 72, note.
Stones of the temple remarkable, 83; burdensome, what,

Strange women, who meant by them in Scripture, 166.
Strangers, why avoided by the Israelites, and by other

nations, 93, 94.

Susanna, story of probably a fable, 200.
Swine's flesh abstained from by Egyptians as well as Jews,

Synagogues in each city, who appointed to speak in them,

120, 121; synagogue in Duke's place, London, strange

transaction in, 365.
Tacitus his false account of the Jews, 211; a notorious

lyar, according to Tertullian, ib.
Talent, value of, 264; how to reduce it into English mo.

ney, 263.

Tapestry rarely used in the East, 81.
Targets, Solomon's two hundred, value of, 264.
Targumista, who, 337.
Temple, why only one, 139; no trees about it, 140;

entered into by the priests alone, 141; the riches pre.
pared for it by David, 193; when rebuilt, 204 ; ad.
mired by foreigners for its magnificence, 209; dues
for tenths and first fruits, sent from distant parts in

money, 220; stones of, extraordinary dimensions, 83.
Temple, its magnificence described by Maimonides, 326.
Tents, the most ancient habitations, 25.
Tenths, 319, 320.
Tephillin, what, 227.
Thee and Thou the language of antiquity, 126.
Thigh, what meant by it in Scripture, 127.
Tithes, 320.
Time, how measured among the Hebrews, 288.
Titles, 39.
Totaphot, what, 227.
Trades and Arts, 64–71.
Traditions, Jewish, very frivolous, 257,
Tribes, into how many the Israelites and other nations

were divided, 39; tribe of Levi, what their inheri.
tance, 42; of Judah and Ephraim, how distinguished,
ib. what tribes included in the kingdom of Judah,
198; preserved distinct during their captivity and af.

terwards, 202; Roman and Athenian tribes, 38.
Tribute, how much raid by Palestine, and how much by

Babylon to Darius, 204; how much extorted from

the Jews by the Romans, 218.
Tsitsith, what, 227.
Tunick, what, 71.
Twelve tribes dividod into their families, 266-268.

Urim and Thummim, what, 333.

Vases Etruscan in the British Museum, and in Warwick,

Castlc, 79.

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