Gambar halaman

Fruits brought into Europe from Asia and Africa, have

degenerated, 55.
Fruitfulness of the promised land, 53, 54, 55.
Funerals among the Hebrews, 135, 136.
Gadara described, 285.
Galilees, two of them, 282.
Galileans were the first who received the Gospel, 283.
Galileo imprisoned for asserting the true system of the

world, 165. Note.
Games of hazard unknown to the Israelites, and forbidden

by the Arabians to this day, 131.
Gate of the city, courts of judicature held there, 178.
Genealogies of Matthew and Luke, how reconciled, 104.
Genesareth, lake of, 286.
Germans introduced on this side of the Rhine the love of

hunting, 47; and will always retain it, 222; political

changes among, 168.
Gittith, what, 245; among, 168.
Globe explained, 290_4.
Government of the Israelites, what the form of it, 168,

&c. of the patriarchs, lasted 900 years, 36.
Gout, king Aşa blamed for trusting in physicians to cure

it, 93.
Greek proper names explained, 40.
Greeks, ancient, employed in breeding cattle, 30; seem to

have been great eaters, 31; retaincd a great opinion
of husbandry in the height of their politeness, 45;
joined manufactures and trade to it, 65; their wis.
dom and religion, 158–9; their worship, 160, 161,
162; improved in the sciences not till the time of

Alexander, 163.
Creek tongue learnt by the Jews, especially of Alexan,

dria, 230.
Greek and Gentile, whence the same, 209.
Gregorian Style, 300.

Habits of the priests, 331 ; ditto of the high priest, 333.
Hacamim, or chocumim, who, 336.
Handmaids, who they were, 34.
Hazanim, who, 221.
Hebrew, the genius of the language, 110, 111; lost by

the Jews in their captivity, 200,
Hebrews by birth, 268.
Hecatæus, a fragment of his concerning the extent of Pa.

lestine explained, 58, 59.
Hedayah quoted, 241, 261.
Heiresses, obliged to marry within their own tribe and

family, 96.

Helenists, who meant by them in Scripture, 209.
Herod's reign, the last period in which the Jews were con.

siderable, 218, 219; his tetrarchy, 287.
Herodotus quoted, 49, 94, 97.
Hesiod wrote a poem upon husbandry, 45; his manner of

writing, 124.
Higgaion, what, 247.
High-priest, see Priest.
Hindoos, their purifications, 238.
Historians, the priests only such anciently, 121 ; excel.

lence of the Jewish, 122.
Histories preserved among ancient nations in verse, 114.
Holocaust, what, 309.
Holy Land, names and divisions of, 276; why called Pa.

lestine, ib.
Homer referred to, 30, 37, 45; his heroes great eaters, 31.

his poems not poetic figments, but founded on
facts, with which he appears to have been well ac-

quainted, 69, 256.
Horace quoted, 74. 163. 210.
Horse, see Cavalry.
Houses, and household furniture, in the east, what, 80.
Hunting in more credit among the moderns than the an.

cients, a barbarous employment, 47, 48; not followed

much by the Israelites, 131.
Huntington Bp. obtains a copy of the Samaritan Penta.

teuch, from the Samaritans at Sichem, 360, 368.
Husbandry, the employment of the patriarchs, 29; and of the

Israelites afterwards, 43-53; & of other ancient nations,
ib. brought into disesteem by the tyranny of the northern
nations,49; more useful than what is called learning, 119;

parables in the Gospel borrowed from that employ, 220.
Jasher, book of 111; ancient treatises on, 119.
Idolatry, the rise of it, 156; the Israelites tempted to it

by their neighbours, 165, 166. Idols, whence called

vanity and abomination, 289.
Idumea described, 281.
Jow, strange conduct of one, 365, pote.
Jews, a name applied to the kingdom of Judah aot till

after the captivity of the ten tribes, 198; less corrup-
tion in that kingdom than in that of Israel, 197;
what numbers returned from their captivity, 201, 202 ;
how long before they rebuilt their city and temple,
204; when they recovered themselves, ib. enjoyed
their own laws, ib. communicated their doctrines to
the Grecians, 205; privileges granted them by several
kings, 208; when they learnt the Greek tongue, 230;
some of them writers in it, ib. dispersed in Asia and
Europe, 209; when falsely reckoned an ignorant
people, 211 ; under what kings persecuted, 214, 215;
take up arms against the Syrian kings, 214; become
considerable under the Maccabees for fourscore years,
216, 217; harassed by different nations, and at last
subject to the Romans, 218, 219; became tax-gather-
ers, &c. contrary to their original institution, 223;
many of them physicians, 224; would not pronounce
the names of false gods, 112; think themselves obliged
to kill the Gentiles whenever they can, 270, 345; in-
stance of remarkahle conciseness in relating a fact, 123;
why not prone to idolatry after the Babylonish cap-
tivity, 343; many of the modern, Deists, 364; their

prayer for restoration, 374.
Jewish prohibitions, utility of, 18; confession of faith,

342, 345; Liturgy, 367.
Iliad quoted, 144.
Inquisition suppressed in Spain, 165.
Inspiration, how far it attended the sacred writers, and in

what sense to be understood, 124.
Instruments of music, among the Hebrews, account of,

242; Hebrew and Chaldee names of these, 248.
Joel, meaning of the name, 39.
Jonath Elem Rechokim, 247.
Jordan, whence its name, 277.
Joseph, remarks on his
Israelites, whence their name, 37; their country, see Pa.

lestine : divided into twelve tribes, 37, 38; were
really brethren, 38; did not intermfrry with other
nations, ib. titles among them, what, 39; employ-
ments, 43, &c. hindered from alienating their pro-
perty, 61; paid no rents, but the tenths and first-
fruits, ib. prohibited from castrating their cattle, 62;
used asses instead of horses, ib. had but few slaves
and little money, 63; not much addicted to trade, ion
wanted artificers for arms and even instruments of
husbandry, 66, 67; no bakers among them, 67;
wore their beards long, 77; used originally to eat
sitting, afterwards lying, 84;. had at first no physi.
cians, 92; how far avoided strangers, 93, 94; did not
study languages, 109; writing not common among
them, 111; had no public schools, 120, 121; their
government founded on aristocracy, 169; fall into
idolatry, and apply to strangers for succours, both

which brought on their ruin, 197. See Jews.
Italy, varied at different periods, 22.
Jubilee, the word does not signify a ram's horn, 146, 147.

age, 35.

Judaism could not be enabraced by eunuchs, 269.
Judges governed those tribes only who chose them, 190;

judges in courts of judicature, 177.
Justice, administration of, 177.
Juvenal quoted, 78.
King desired by the Israelites as preferable to their con.

dition under judges, 190; his standing forces, 191;
had absolute power of life and death, and of levying
tribute, ib. in what respect limited, ib. 192; his

splendour and riches, ib.
Kingdoms, at first small,' 37.
Kinoor, what, 251.
Kissing the beard, a mode of honouring persons in the

east, 127.
Kithros, what, 248.

Lamech the first polygamist, 105.
Lamps anciently used instead of candles, 80; description

of a curious one, ib.
Languages not studied by Hebrews or ancient Greeks, 109.
Law always read in Hebrew, 337.
Leprosy, which sort meant in Scripture, 92.
Levi, whole tribe of, dedicated to God, 42.
Levites, sophetim or judges, and inferior officers of jusa

tice, caled soterim, chosen out of them, 177.
Levites, estatcs, functions, and number, 392, 325.
Leviticul cities, 279, 280.
Liturgy Jewish, 366.
Lordships not above seven hundred years old, 410
Maccabee the origin and meaning of this term, 216.
Maccabees revived the Jewish state, 216.
Mahaloth, what, 246.
Maimonides describes a proselyte, 269, 270; shews what

was required in such, 269, 275; describes the magni.
ficence of the temple, 326 ; opinion concerning ori.

ginal sin, 344.
Manners of nations alter by time and place, 20.
Marriage with strangers allowed to the Jews, except of

heiresses, 96; marriage-feasts, how long they lasted,
99; transacted between the relations and friends,
without priests or sacrifices, 100; promoted among the

ancients, 101 ; necessary for the Jewish priests, 145.
Martyrs, who the first, 215.
Maschil, what, 247.
Meuts clean and unclear, among other nations as well as
the Jews, 86; physical and moral reasons for such

distinction ; 17, 88.
Mehil, what, 333.
Messiah, types of his reigo described in terms, by which

the prophets foretel the happiness of the Jews, 208.
Michtam, what, 246.
Militia, all persons of such an age made part of it in Judea

and at Rome, 185, 186; of what consisted

under different kings of Israel, 187, 191.
Mincha, what, 311.
Ministers of the temple, 321, 322.
Mitres, 78.
Mohammedans, their purifications, 240; their fasts, 260.

affected delicacy in matrimonial concerns, 128 ; scru.
pulously nice about some indecencies, 128; forbidden

games of hazard, 131.
Mohel, who, 101.
Money, little among the Israelites, 28, 63.
Moon regulated the Jewish months, 293, 294; new, i8. 295.
Month, periodical, 295; synodical, 296; Months, their

names, 297.
Month, among the Israelites, computed from the moon's

appearance, 294 ; reason of this, 293.
Mountains of Judea, 278.
Mourning among the Israelites for misfortunes, as well as

the death of relations, 132; the manner of it among

them and other nations, 133.
Music, among the Hebrews, and other nations, exquisite,

116, 117; more affecting than ours, 122 ; in what
sense promoted by prophesying, 117. Musicians,

4000 under David, 117, 118. Instruments of, 249.
Muthlabben, what, 245.
Mysteries, heathen, full of debaucheries, 160, 161.
Nabla, what, 117; particularly described, 249.
Naboth, whence his resolution not to sell the inheritance of

his fathers, 61, 62.
Names of the patriarchs, historical, 20; of the Israelites,

religious, 39; of false gods not mentioned by them,
119; sometimes the father's, sometimes the mother's
name continued to the children, 41; sometimes a sur.
name added, ib. how distinguished among the Greeks

and Romans, 41.
Names of the Holy Land, 276.
Nations, how some vary in their manners and customs, how

others agree, 20, 21.
Nazarites, vow, in what it consisted, 151, 152 ; what they

were, 321, 337.

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