Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters
Harvard University Press, 30 Jun 2009 - 304 halaman
Cannibals All! got more attention in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than any other book in the history of that abolitionist journal. And Lincoln is said to have been more angered by George Fitzhugh than by any other pro-slavery writer, yet he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his House Divided speech. Fitzhugh was provocative because of his stinging attack on free society, laissez-faire economy, and wage slavery, along with their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to defend slavery and drew upon the same evidence Marx used in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was only the new fashionable name for slavery, though slavery was far more humane and responsible, the best and most common form of socialism. His most effective testimony was furnished by the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes of their friends, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, against the social evils of the North. Why all this, he asked, except that free society is a failure? The trouble all started, according to Fitzhugh, with John Locke, a presumptuous charlatan, and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. In the great Lockean consensus that makes up American thought from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh therefore stands out as a lone dissenter who makes the conventional polarities between Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, seem insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun blend inconspicuously into the American consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in some degree. An intellectual tradition that suffers from uniformity--even if it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand a bit of contrast, and George Fitzhugh can supply more of it than any other American thinker.
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Tor this was the great imaginative moment in American political thought," he writes, "the moment when America almost got out of itself, as it were, and looked with some objectivity on the liberal formula it has known since birth.
... a number of Virginia politicians, however, and managed to ingratiate himself with President Buchanan, who appointed him law clerk in the office of the Attorney-General. His literary apprenticeship, late in starting, was served first ...
The political crises of Europe and America in 1848 and 1849 appear to have stimulated Fitzhugh's first independent publications, two pamphlets that appeared in Richmond in 1850 and 1851 and were later reprinted as an appendix to ...
... laissez faire, and all the political economists who advanced the proposition that social well-being was "best prompted by each man's eagerly pursuing his own selfish welfare unfettered and unrestricted by legal regulations, ...
His writing by this time reveals acquaintance with Marx's Communist Manifesto, and he interpreted each political upheaval in terms of material advantages or disadvantages accruing to conflicting social classes.
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - ColeSimmons - LibraryThing
Insightful commentary into the meaning of labor and its relation to capital. Fitzhugh proves himself a more than capable defender of the antebellum South while offering a damning critique of values we now take for granted in the modern world. Baca ulasan lengkap
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - heidilove - LibraryThing
i love this. it's a primary source in its own right for the antebellum period, but still is meaningful today for those of us trapped in the corporate culture we inherited after the industrial revolution. a fresh perspective on work and society. Baca ulasan lengkap