Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters
Harvard University Press, 30 Jun 2009 - 304 halaman
Cannibals All! got more attention in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than any other book in the history of that abolitionist journal. And Lincoln is said to have been more angered by George Fitzhugh than by any other pro-slavery writer, yet he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his House Divided speech. Fitzhugh was provocative because of his stinging attack on free society, laissez-faire economy, and wage slavery, along with their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to defend slavery and drew upon the same evidence Marx used in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was only the new fashionable name for slavery, though slavery was far more humane and responsible, the best and most common form of socialism. His most effective testimony was furnished by the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes of their friends, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, against the social evils of the North. Why all this, he asked, except that free society is a failure? The trouble all started, according to Fitzhugh, with John Locke, a presumptuous charlatan, and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. In the great Lockean consensus that makes up American thought from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh therefore stands out as a lone dissenter who makes the conventional polarities between Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, seem insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun blend inconspicuously into the American consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in some degree. An intellectual tradition that suffers from uniformity--even if it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand a bit of contrast, and George Fitzhugh can supply more of it than any other American thinker.
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The fact was that the very aspects of "free society" that Fitzhugh most fiercely attacked, the aspects he repeatedly prophesied would spell the doom and downfall of that system, were the features that flourished most exuberantly in the ...
He deliberately adopted a style, he said, "in which facts, and argument, and rhetoric, and wit, and sarcasm, succeed each other with rapid iteration." 20 More serious was the damaging admission he made in a personal letter to his friend ...
We can't hide the facts from them. . . . The path of safety is the path of duty! Educate the people, no matter what it may cost! " 25 After disposing of the classical economists to his satisfaction, Fitzhugh turned to the socialists.
These principles were "wholly at war with slavery" and, "equally at war with all government, all subordination, all order," in fact. "Men's minds were heated and blinded when they were written, as well by patriotic zeal, ...
On the other hand, "The negro slaves of the South are the happiest, and, in some sense, the freest people in the world." 88 In Fitzhugh's philosophy the idea of progress was a modern delusion. Modern history, in fact, was a record not ...
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - ColeSimmons - LibraryThing
Insightful commentary into the meaning of labor and its relation to capital. Fitzhugh proves himself a more than capable defender of the antebellum South while offering a damning critique of values we now take for granted in the modern world. Baca ulasan lengkap
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - heidilove - LibraryThing
i love this. it's a primary source in its own right for the antebellum period, but still is meaningful today for those of us trapped in the corporate culture we inherited after the industrial revolution. a fresh perspective on work and society. Baca ulasan lengkap