Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters
Harvard University Press, 30 Jun 2009 - 304 halaman
Cannibals All! got more attention in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than any other book in the history of that abolitionist journal. And Lincoln is said to have been more angered by George Fitzhugh than by any other pro-slavery writer, yet he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his House Divided speech. Fitzhugh was provocative because of his stinging attack on free society, laissez-faire economy, and wage slavery, along with their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to defend slavery and drew upon the same evidence Marx used in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was only the new fashionable name for slavery, though slavery was far more humane and responsible, the best and most common form of socialism. His most effective testimony was furnished by the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes of their friends, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, against the social evils of the North. Why all this, he asked, except that free society is a failure? The trouble all started, according to Fitzhugh, with John Locke, a presumptuous charlatan, and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. In the great Lockean consensus that makes up American thought from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh therefore stands out as a lone dissenter who makes the conventional polarities between Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, seem insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun blend inconspicuously into the American consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in some degree. An intellectual tradition that suffers from uniformity--even if it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand a bit of contrast, and George Fitzhugh can supply more of it than any other American thinker.
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And so he did, shifting his ground, masking his "Fitzhugh, Slavery Justified — Liberty and Equality — Socialism — Young England — Domestic Slavery, reprinted in Appendix of Sociology for the South, pp. 226-258. "Reprinted, ibid., pp.
"We slaveholders say you must recur to domestic slavery," he insisted, "the best and most common form of Socialism. The new schools of Socialism promise something better, but admit, to obtain that some- mIbid., pp. 144-148; see also p.
... that Labor makes values, and Wit exploitates and accumulates them; and hence to deduce the conclusion that the unrestricted exploitation of so-called free society, is more oppressive to the laborer than domestic slavery.
45 If the degraded workers of England were to be enslaved, in fact, they would "by becoming property, become valuable and valued" and would be elevated from their present plight at least to the status of domestic animals.46 In his ...
It was the justification of domestic slavery, for "besides wife and children, brothers and sisters, dogs, horses, birds and flowers — slaves also belong to the family circle," and there they, like other weaker members, received the care ...
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - ColeSimmons - LibraryThing
Insightful commentary into the meaning of labor and its relation to capital. Fitzhugh proves himself a more than capable defender of the antebellum South while offering a damning critique of values we now take for granted in the modern world. Baca ulasan lengkap
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - heidilove - LibraryThing
i love this. it's a primary source in its own right for the antebellum period, but still is meaningful today for those of us trapped in the corporate culture we inherited after the industrial revolution. a fresh perspective on work and society. Baca ulasan lengkap