Cannibals All! Or, Slaves without Masters
Harvard University Press, 30 Jun 2009 - 304 halaman
Cannibals All! got more attention in William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator than any other book in the history of that abolitionist journal. And Lincoln is said to have been more angered by George Fitzhugh than by any other pro-slavery writer, yet he unconsciously paraphrased Cannibals All! in his House Divided speech. Fitzhugh was provocative because of his stinging attack on free society, laissez-faire economy, and wage slavery, along with their philosophical underpinnings. He used socialist doctrine to defend slavery and drew upon the same evidence Marx used in his indictment of capitalism. Socialism, he held, was only the new fashionable name for slavery, though slavery was far more humane and responsible, the best and most common form of socialism. His most effective testimony was furnished by the abolitionists themselves. He combed the diatribes of their friends, the reformers, transcendentalists, and utopians, against the social evils of the North. Why all this, he asked, except that free society is a failure? The trouble all started, according to Fitzhugh, with John Locke, a presumptuous charlatan, and with the heresies of the Enlightenment. In the great Lockean consensus that makes up American thought from Benjamin Franklin to Franklin Roosevelt, Fitzhugh therefore stands out as a lone dissenter who makes the conventional polarities between Jefferson and Hamilton, or Hoover and Roosevelt, seem insignificant. Beside him Taylor, Randolph, and Calhoun blend inconspicuously into the American consensus, all being apostles of John Locke in some degree. An intellectual tradition that suffers from uniformity--even if it is virtuous, liberal conformity--could stand a bit of contrast, and George Fitzhugh can supply more of it than any other American thinker.
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Granting all his doctrine to be quite un-American, one might still ask that Fitzhugh's thought be re-examined, if only for the sharp relief in which it throws the habitual lineaments of the American mind. Louis Hartz, who applauds ...
liberal doctrine of the Revolution to ante bellum conservatism, Hartz writes: "Fitzhugh substituted for the social blindness of Jefferson a hopeless exaggeration of the truth. The South exchanged a superficial thinker for a mad genius.
... of Carlylean doctrine, particularly his diatribes against the "Mammonism" of the industrialists and the wickedness of Manchester economics. The Virginian identified himself willingly with Young England, Disraeli, and Tory socialism.
But the abstract doctrines of nullification and secession, the general principles laid down in the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and Constitution of the United States, afford no protection of rights, ...
31 Encouraged by the reception of his Sociology in "the confidence that we address a public predisposed to approve our doctrine, however bold or novel," 32 Fitzhugh plunged into the most productive period of his life.
Apa yang dikatakan orang - Tulis resensi
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - ColeSimmons - LibraryThing
Insightful commentary into the meaning of labor and its relation to capital. Fitzhugh proves himself a more than capable defender of the antebellum South while offering a damning critique of values we now take for granted in the modern world. Baca ulasan lengkap
LibraryThing ReviewUlasan Pengguna - heidilove - LibraryThing
i love this. it's a primary source in its own right for the antebellum period, but still is meaningful today for those of us trapped in the corporate culture we inherited after the industrial revolution. a fresh perspective on work and society. Baca ulasan lengkap