Men, Religion, and Melancholia: James, Otto, Jung, and Eriksson
Yale University Press, 1997 - 235 halaman
It is not by coincidence that the key figures in the psychology of religion-William James, Rudolph Otto, Carl Jung, and Erik Erikson-each fought a lifelong battle with melancholia, argues Donald Capps in this engrossing book. These four men experienced similar traumas in early childhood: each perceived a loss of mother's unconditional love. In the deep melancholy that resulted, they turned to religion. Capps contends that the main impetus for men to become religious lies in such melancholia, and that these four authors were typical, although their losses were especially severe because of complicating personal circumstances. Offering a new way of viewing the major classics in the psychology of religion, Capps explores the psychological origins of these authors' own religious visions through a sensitive examination of their writings.Using Freud's "Mourning and Melancholia" and "The Uncanny" as interpretive keys, the author explores James's The Varieties of Religious Experience, Otto's The Idea of the Holy, Jung's Answer to Job, and Erikson's Young Man Luther. All four texts address in significant ways the role of melancholy in religion, says Capps, and he emphasizes that melancholy is central to the authors' ways of understanding religion. Each developed an unconventional or idiosyncratic religious vision in the search for a means to address his psychological loss and to reverse or transcend its effects. Capps assesses the adequacy of each author's religious views, recommends forms of religion best suited to melancholiacs, and also considers the role that a father surrogate can play in helping a young man cope with melancholia, as did Samuel Johnson with James Boswell.
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The Bearing of Melancholy
The Melancholic Sources
The Parabolic Fault Line
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adult ambivalence animistic Answer to Job anxiety artist become believe Book of Job Book of Revelation Boswell chapter child childhood choly Christ clinical consciousness depressed mood depression discussion divine dread dream ego psychology emotional emphasis episode Erikson especially essay evil experienced fact father fear feeling felt four authors French Sufferer Freud God's Henry holy human idea identity individual inner space intimate friend introspection James James's Jesus Johnson Jung Jung's living loss lost object means melan melancholia mind moral mother mourning mysterium tremendum mystery nature notes numinous one's Otto Otto's parents Principles of Psychology Pruyser psychology of religion punishment rage reality reflected relationship religious experiences religious melancholy reveals rience role Rudolf Otto sadness seems sense Sick Soul struggle suggests texts theological things tion uncanny unconscious unheimlich vision words writing Yahweh Young Man Luther