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defending the protective principle, and expounding the view that tariff reform is not to be regarded as a prime remedy for the evils of trusts and monopolies. Sunday was spent at Sioux Falls, S. D., and Monday, the 8th, found the President at Gardiner, Mont., at the entrance of the Yellowstone Park. He had invited the distinguished naturalist and author, John Burroughs, to join him as his companion on his sixteen days' sojourn in that reservation of forests, mountains, and natural wonders ; and it was carefully arranged that this vacation should be free from public intrusion. It was not a hunting trip, but an outing for rest and recreation, the most complete and satisfactory one, probably, that the President has had in a long time. The route from the Yellowstone Park to St. Louis was across Nebraska to Omaha, thence across Iowa to the Mississippi River at Keokuk, and southward to the exposition city. Great enthusi. asm for the President was manifest everywhere throughout a journey which seemed to be entirely free from all unpleasant incidents. Democrats and Populists vied with Republicans to greet the visitor,—because he was President of the United States, but also because he was Theodore Roosevelt. This month's touring includes stops at Kansas City, Topeka, Sharon Springs (for Sunday, May 3), Denver and other Colorado towns for the following day, New Mexican towns for May 5, the Grand Cañon of the Colorado for May 6,

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Southern California towns from May 7 to lí, the Leland Stanford University on the morning of May 12, San Francisco and vicinity for the next three days, to be followed by a three days' visit to the Yosemite Valley and the big-tree region. Then comes the journey north ward to Oregon, with May 21 devoted to Portland, and the next four or five days to the towns and cities of Washington and the Puget Sound region. The return journey is by way of Montana and Idaho to Salt Lake City May 29, and Wyoming towns May 30, with Sunday, May 31, at Cheyenne, and the next Sunday at the White House.


King Edward has been absent from King Edward's England on a sailing and visiting tour

throughout the month of April, and he is prolonging his visit into the month of May. He went first to Portugal, with which country England has long professed to maintain relations of intimacy akin to alliance. His trip included some touring in the Mediterranean and a visit to English outposts, such as Gibraltar and Malta. A warm welcome was awaiting him in Rome, where he was to visit late in April, while the French were interested in his plans for visiting Paris in May. King Edward has always been personally very popular with the

From stereoscopic photo by Underwood & Underwood, N. Y,


party, with its radical and socialistic tendencies, and the Liberals. The most notable victory of this combination was the recent election of Mr. Wil. liam Crooks as a member of Parliament for Woolwich, where he converted a large Tory major ity into a still larger one for the coalition that has now come to be dubbed “Lib-Lab." For old-fashioned Whiggish Liberalism in England, there is no future. The radical wing of the Liberal party has come into close touch with the more conservative wing of the Labor party, and in this combination lies the only clear prospect of an organization that may hope to defeat the Tories. One of the stanchest leaders of ad. vanced Liberalism, well known and greatly es. teemed also in the United States, was the Hon. W. S. Caine, the news of whose death was re. ceived in this country with great regret a few weeks ago. His vacant seat in Parliament has already been filled, and the constituency has gone Liberal by a strong majority.


London Measures.

When the education bill, of which so much was said a few months ago,

was enacted, the metropolis of London was omitted from its operations. The effect of that bill was to weaken the public-school boards and to throw the control of elementary education more strongly into the hands of ecclesi. astical bodies. The secular system of free public schools has been much more strongly intrenched in London than in the country at large. The government has now brought in an education bill for London, however, that meets with much

Photo by Russell & Sons.


French. The Queen has been visiting in Den. mark, and she is to accompany the King on an Irish trip early in the summer.

The Irish Nationalists have made it known that the King may count upon a cordial reception.


The growing disBritish

satisfaction with Politics.

the Balfour ad. ministration, which was expressing itself in marked Lib. eral gains in by-elections, seems less evident since the Irish land-purchase bill has been so successfully brought forward, and since Mr. Chamberlain's triumphant return has so much enhanced his prestige and reassured the country about imperial affairs in South Africa. The drift of party reorganization seems to be in the direction of a union between the Labor




criticism, the Liberals especially opposing it close relations with the empire, perhaps to the strenuously. It abolishes the present school extent of securing a commercial union. King board, and makes the London County Council Christian, by the way, was eighty-five years old the supreme authority in both elementary and on April 8. Very much was said also last secondary education. The Tory predominance month about Germany's desire for close relaat Westminster is not particularly favorable to tions with Holland. This talk was stimulated the progressive development of the great city of by the fact that the formidable railway strikes London. The government is, however, push- in Holland threatened for a time to obstruct ing the

to improve the port and German trade very inconveniently. It was on the shipping facilities, although the movement the morning of April 6 that a general strike was for a proper public water-supply seems to lag ordered of all labor throughout Holland enrather hopelessly. New York seems to be gain gaged in transportation. This was organized ing on London.

labor's answer to Premier Kuyper's pending

bills to regulate labor and penalize strikes on The government is excusing the the government-owned railroads. One of the A New Naval growth of naval expenditures on the bills provided for a railroad military brigade to

ground of Germany's energetic pro be used in case of necessity, and another provided grammes, and it is avowedly due to the increas for punishment, by imprisonment and fine, of any ing strength of Germany that a new naval base acts of the kind customary in labor contests. of importance is about to be developed in the The widespread strike did not prevent the parlia. Orkney Islands, guarding the upper end of the mentary chambers from passing the bills almost British Isles, and commanding the northern en unanimously. And the strike completely coltrance to the North Sea, as the Channel fleet lapsed after a few days. commands the southern entrance. Another obvious reason for the new base is that the Eng.

In the southeast of Europe, the situlish navy is getting so large that new provision Southeastern ation remains critical. There have of some kind has to be made for necessary


been very serious outbreaks in Madockage and port facilities.

cedonia, and many outrages and much loss of

life. In connection with a local conflict in the The head of the French Republic, as heart of Macedonia, an Albanian soldier killed

well as President Roosevelt and King the Russian consul, M. Stcherbina. This was at Affairs.

Edward, has been off on an interest. the end of March. The Turkish soldiery has ing tour. In the middle of April, he went to been ruthless in its dealings with local insurrecvisit Algeria, this being a trip that no other tions, although the Sultan has professed to prepresident of the Third Republic has undertaken. fer lenient methods and is apparently acting in The French interest in North Africa is steadily good faith in trying to carry out the reforms increasing. The ministry has had remarkably that Russia and Austria joined in prescribing. strong support from the legislative chambers in There was much comment in the European press its drastic enforcement of the law against re on the fact that the Czar, while agreeing not to ligious orders. The most notable instance oc intervene on behalf of the Macedonians, had curred toward the end of March, when the made King Alexander of Servia a present of application of the Carthusian monks, the wealth 10,000,000 cartridges. Alexander, by the way, iest of all the orders in France, was refused by has distinguished himself by suspending the the Chamber of Deputies by a vote of 338 to constitution of the country for a matter of five 231. The monks and nuns are leaving France minutes or so, in which brief period he acted as in great numbers and going to neighboring an absolute ruler and performed a huge amount countries. Only four or five out of fifty-four of business. He repealed liberal laws relating to religious orders of men have had their applica the suffrage, and reënacted a former code which tions granted by the parliamentary committee. will tend to keep the radicals out of the legisla

tive chamber. There was wholesale retirement The German Emperor's foreign visit, of ministers, senators, and councilors. With Germany, Denmark, -for he, too, has been away from men and measures rearranged to his satisfaction,


:-was a quiet but by no means King Alexander touched the parliamentary pen. insignificant trip to Denmark early in April. dulum and set the wheels of constitutional govHis purpose was said to be to secure Denmark's ernment in motion again. European rivalry adherence to the Triple Alliance. It is believed continues to occupy itself anxiously with Perthat Germany hopes to bring Denmark into sian questions.



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March 25.—The Texas Court of Appeals decides that the Galveston Municipal Commission is unconstitutional ; this decision leaves the city without a constituted government.

March 26.-President Roosevelt issues an order extending to such large cities as may be agreed upon the registration system for laborers. ... The United States Treasury Department resumes refunding operations.... The New York Legislature passes the bill for the $100,000,000 canal improvement.

March 28.- Attorney-General James S. Harlan, of Porto Rico, resigns office.

March 31.–The New York Legislature passes the bill for increasing liquor licenses 50 per cent.

April 1.– The Indiana Supreme Court declares unconstitutional the law providing a minimum wage in public work.

April 6.-Mayors Tom L. Johnson (Dem.), of Cleveland, Julius Fleischmann (Rep.), of Cincinnati, and Samuel M. Jones (Ind.), of Toledo, are reëlected by large majorities. ... Republicans carry Michigan for State officers by 35,000.

April 7.-Mayor Carter H. Harrison (Dem.), of Chicago, is reëlected by a decreased plurality.... The town elections in Kansas show an overwhelming majority in favor of prohibition ; the Republicans make gains throughout the State.

April 8.—The Indiana Supreme Court declares the weekly-payment law unconstitutional.

April 9.—The United States Circuit Court of Appeals, at St. Paul, decides that the Northern Securities Company is an illegal combination in restraint of trade, and

enjoins it from exercising any control over the Northern Pacific and Great Northern Railroad companies.

April 13.—Postmaster-General Payne states that he will make a thorough investigation of alleged scandals in the Post Office Department.

April 15.-A revision of the civil-service rules, by which the classified service is considerably extended, goes into effect.

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT-FOREIGN. March 21.-President Castro, of Venezuela, resigns office....In the French Senate, the government announces the intention of maintaining the Concordat if the clergy keep out of politics. ... The prime minister of Colombia and two other members of the cabinet resign....Peace is declared in Uruguay.

March 23.-Revolutions break out in San Domingo and in Managua, the capital of Nicaragua ; a mob attacks the government buildings at Port of Spain, Trinidad, and is fired on by the police.

March 24.—The French Chamber of Deputies, by a vote of 304 to 246, refuses to authorize religious preaching orders.

March 25.- Mr. Wyndham, Chief Secretary for Ireland, introduces the Irish land bill in the British House of Commons; the measure involves a loan of not more than $500,000,000 at 3% per cent. interest, and a bonus of $60,000,000. ... President Castro, of Venezuela, withdraws his resignation.... Five thousand Republicans meet in Madrid, Spain, and choose Professor Salmeron leader of their party.

March 26.—The French Chamber of Deputies, by a vote of 338 to 231, refuses to permit the Carthusian monks to remain in France.


April 6.- The Cuban Congress reassembles.

April 7.-King Alexander of Servia suspends the constitution to make changes in the laws of the country.

April 9.—The Netherlands Parliament passes an antistrike bill by a large majority.

April 16.—The Irish Nationalist convention at Dublin approves the land bill in principle.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS. March 21.–The modus vivendi proposed by Brazil to Bolivia in connection with the question as to the ownership of the Acre territory is signed by representatives of the two governments.

March 23.—The upper house of the Newfoundland Legislature passes the bill renewing the Treaty Shore modus vivendi for another year.

March 25.—The Navy Department decides to abandon its plan for a cruise of the battleship squadron to Europe this summer, and the United States therefore declines the invitation of Emperor William to have the squadron visit Kiel.

March 28.—The Cuban Senate adopts the reciprocity treaty as amended by the United States Senate.

March 29.—It is announced that the first meeting of the Alaskan Boundary Commission has been deferred until next fall.... Admiral Dewey makes an explanation regarding his criticisms of the German Emperor and navy that has aroused hostile comment in Germany.

March 31.–Ratifications of the reciprocity treaty between the United States and Cuba are exchanged at Washington.

From a stereoscopic photo by Underwood & Underwood, New York. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT STARTING ON HIS RIDE INTO


March 27.-The Bulgarian cabinet resigns.
March 30.—The Greek minister of war resigns.

April 1.-Mr. Wyndham announces in the British House of Commons a new bill appropriating $975,000 annually to Ireland.... A select committee of the British House of Commons is appointed to inquire into “municipal trading” in Great Britain.

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