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Trolley Lines in a Railroad System, S. Baxter, WW.
Trout Fishing, Winter, R. Leckie-Ewing, Bad.
Trowbridge, J. T.; My Own Story--II., Atlant.
Trust, Cradle of the, A. J. Roewade, AJS, January.
Trusts, The Administration and, Gunt.
Turkey's Lost Provinces, W. E. Curtis, NatGM.
Tweedie, Lemuel J., Premier of New Brunswick, Can.
University of Virginia, Founding of the, AMonM.
Uralite, a New Fireproof Material, O. J. D. Hughes, San.
Venezuela:
Attack on Venezuela, E. Maxey, Arena.
Germany and Venezuela, V. Bérard, RPar, January 15.
Land, The, and the People, W. F. Hutchinson, MisR.
Literary Life in Venezuela, R. Blanco-Fombona, Revue

February 1.
Monroe Doctrine, Venezuela and the, West.
Venezuelan Imbroglio, S. Brooks, Fort.
War in Venezuela, V. Garien, Revue, January 15.
Venice: A Summer in a Sandolo, Mary H. Peixotto, Harp.
Venice in Recent Fiction, Louise C. Hale, Bkman.
Victoria, Queen, Political Life of, QR, January.
Voice, Human, Imitating the, A. Alderson, Pear.
Volcanoes, Submarine, J. Thoulet, RDM, February 1.

Wadsworth-Longfellow Mansion at Portland, Maine, Ella

M. Bangs, NEng.
War Machines, Human, D. A. Willey, Mun.
War of 1812-II., J. Hannay, Can.
Ward, Mrs. Humphrey, R. Phillips, Lamp.
Washington, D. C., Maud Pauncefote, NineC.
Watch Factory, Description of a, P. P. Frost, wW.
Water of Life, The, P. Carus, oC.
Water Powers, Mountain, Utilization of, P. Letheule, Eng
Wave-Motors, J. E. Bennett, Lipp.
Weather Service, United States, W. L. Moore, San.
Weisman, August; An Autobiographical Sketch, Lamp.
West, Middle, Era of Thrift in the, C. M. Harger, ww.
White, Emerson Elbridge, E. W. Coy, EDR.
Whitney, Henry Melville, A. E. MacFarlane, Cos.
Williams, Roger, America's Debt to, T. M. Merriman, NatM.
Woman of the Period, The, Marie Merrick, Arena.
Women, Advocates of Justice for, Harriett McIlquham.

West.
Women in England: "In Our Midst,” West.
Zola, Emile, His Life and Work, QR, January.
Zola, Emile: Les Trois Villes, Edin, January,
Zoo, Toronto, Visit to the, W. T. Allison, Can

Abbreviations of Magazine Tities used in the Index.

(All the articles in the leading reviews are indexed, but only the more important articles in the other magazines.)

ACQR. American Catholic Quarterly

Review, Phila. AHR. American Historical Review,

N. Y. AJS. American Journal of Soci.

ology, Chicago. AJT. American Journal of The

ology, Chicago, ALR. American Law Review, St.

Louis. A Mon M.American Monthly Magazine,

Washington, D.C. AMRR. American Monthly Review of

Reviews, N. Y. ANat. American Naturalist, Boston. AngA. Anglo-American Magazine,

N. Y. Annals. Annals of the American Acad

emy of Pol. and Soc. Science,

Phila.
Arch. Architectural Record, N. Y.
Arena Arena, N. Y.
AA.

Art Amateur, N. Y.
AI. Art Interchange, N. Y.
AJ. Art Journal, London.
Atlant. Atlantic Monthly, Boston
Bad. Badminton, London.
Bank L. Bankers' Magazine, London,
Bank NYBankers' Magazine, N. Y.
Bib. Biblical World, Chicago.
Bibs. Bibliotheca Sacra, Oberlin, O.
BU. Bibliothèque Universelle, Lau-

sanne. Black. Blackwood's Magazine, Edin

burgh. BL. Book-Lover, N. Y. Bkman. Bookman, N. Y. BP. Brush and Pencil, Chicago. CDR. Camera and Dark Room, N.Y. Can. Canadian Magazine, Toronto. Cass. Cassell's Magazine, London. CasM. Cassier's Magazine, N. Y. Cath. Catholic World, N. Y. Cent. Century Magazine, N. Y. Cham. Chambers's Journal, Edin

burgh. Chaut. Chautauquan, Springfield, 0. Contem. Contemporary Review, Lon.

don. Corn. Cornhill, London. Cos. Cosmopolitan. N. Y. CLA. Country Life in America, V.Y. Crafts. Craftsman, Syracuse, N. Y. Crit. Critic, V. Y. Deut. Deutsche Revue, Stuttgart. Dial. Dial, Chicago. Dub. Dublin Review, Dublin. Edin. Edinburgh Review, London, Ed. Education, Boston.

EdR. Educational Review, N. Y.
Eng. Engineering Magazine, N. Y.
Era. Era, Philadelphia.
EM, España Moderna, Madrid.
Ev. Everybody's Magazine, N. Y.
Fort. Fortnightly Review, London.
Forum. Forum, N. Y.
FrL. Frank Leslie's Monthly, N. Y.
Gent. Gentleman's Magazine, Lon-

don.
GBag. Green Bag, Boston.
Gunt. Gunton's Magazine, N. Y.
Harp. .

Harper's Magazine, N. Y. Hart. Hartford Seminary Record,

Hartford, Conn. Hom. Homiletic Review, N. Y. IJE. International Journal of

Ethics, Phila. Int. International Quarterly, Bur.

lington, Vt. Ints. International Studio, N. Y. JMSI. Journal of the Military Ser

vice Institution, Governor's

Island, N. Y. H. JPEcon. Journal of Political Economy,

Chicago. Kind. Kindergarten Magazine, Chi.

cago. KindR. Kindergarten Review, Spring

field, Mass. LHJ. Ladies' Home Journal, Phila. Lamp., Lamp, N. Y. Leis A. Leisure Hour, London. Lipp. Lippincott's Magazine, Phila.

London Quarterly Review,

London. Long. Longman's Magazine, London. Luth. Lutheran Quarterly, Gettys

burg, Pa. McCl. McClure's Magazine, N. Y. Mac. Macmillan's Magazine, Lon

don. MA. Magazine of Art, London. Meth. Methodist Quarterly, Nash

ville. MethR. Methodist Review, N. Y. Mind. Mind, NY. Mis H. Missionary Herald, Boston. MisR. Missionary Review, N. Y. Mon. Monist, Chicago. MonR. Monthly Review, London. MunA. Municipal Affairs, N. Y. Mun. Munsey's Magazine, N. Y. Mus. Music, Chicago. NatGM. National Geographic Maga

zine, Washington, D. C. NatM. National Magazine, Boston. NatR. National Review, London. NC. New-Church Review, Boston.

NEng. New England Magazine, Bog.

ton. Ninec. Nineteenth Century, London. NAR. North American Review, N.Y. Nou. Nouvelle Revue, Paris. NA.

Nuova Antologia, Rome. OC. Open Court, Chicago. 0.

Outing, N. Y. Out. Outlook, N. Y. Out W. Out West, Los Angeles, Cal. Over. Overland Monthly, San Fran.

cisco. PMM. Pall Mall Magazine, London. Pear. Pearson's Magazine, N. Y. Phil. Philosophical Review, N. Y. PhoT. Photographic Times-Bulletin,

N. Y. PL. Poet-Lore, Boston. PSQ. Political Science Quarterly,

Boston. PopA. Popular Astronomy, North

field, Minn. Pops. Popular Science Monthly, W.Y. PRR . Presbyterian and Reformed

Review, Phila. PTR. Princeton Theological Re

view, Phila. QJEcon. Quarterly Journal of Econom

ics, Boston. QR. Quarterly Review, London, RasN. Rassegna Nazionale, Florence. Refs. Réforme Sociale, Paris. RRL. Review of Reviews, London. RRM. Review of Reviews, Mel.

bourne. Revue. Revue, Paris. RDM. Revuedes Deux Mondes, Paris. RGęn. Revue Générale, Brussels. RPar. Revue de Paris, Paris, RPP. Revue Politique et Parlemen

taire, Paris.
RSoc. Revue Socialistic, Paris.
Ros.

Rosary, Somerset, Ohio.
San. Sanitarian, N. Y.
School. School Review, Chicago.
Scrib. Scribner's Magazine, N. Y.
SR. Sewanee Review, N. Y.
Socs. Social Service, N. Y.
Str.

Strand Magazine, London,
Temp. Temple Bar, London.
USM. United Service Magazine,

London.
West. Westminster Review, London.
WPM. Wilson's Photographic Maga-

zine, N. Y.
WW. World's Work, N. Y.
Yale. Yale Review, New Haven.
YM. Yourg Man, London.
YW. Young Woman, London.

LQ.

EDITED BY ALBERT SHAW.
CONTENTS FOR APRIL, 1903.

Pope Leo XIII.....
.Frontispiece A Century of the State of Ohio.....

426 The Progress of the World

By Murat Halstead. The President's Western Tour.

387

With portraits of Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. How Mr. Roosevelt Lives and Works..

387

Hayes, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, BenHis Remarkable Popularity..

jamin Harrison, William Tecumseh Sherman, John 387

Sherman, Manasseh Cutler, Rufus Putnam, "Mad A Respite After Great Achievements..

388 Anthony" Wayne, George Rogers Clark, Philip H. Some Things Accomplished..

388

Sheridan, Arthur St. Clair, Edward Tiffin, William A Ship Canal, at Last !.

388

Henry Harrison, Thomas Ewing, Joshua R. GidOur Arrangement with Colombia..

390

dings, Moses Cleaveland, and John Cleves Symmes. Financial Aspects of the Enterprise.

390
Pushing Back the Arid Line....

431 Good-will of Neighbors as an Asset.

390

By Charles Moreau Harger. Roosevelt and the Monroe Doctrine..

391

With illustrations. The Venezuelan Affair in Retrospect..

391

The Municipal Situation in Chicago.. ... 434 Value of the Precedents..

392 The Canal as a Good Investment.

392

By Harry Pratt Judson. The Men to Do the Work..

With portraits of Graeme Stewart, Carter Harrison, 393

John M. Harlan, and Marshall Field. The Irrigation Policy.

393 A Great Productive Enterprise..

393 Sleighing on a Trackless Trolley Road in Cuban Relations Established. 394 Germany.

440 Effect of the Treaty Deferred.

394

With illustration.
Our New Naval Stations.

394
Political Conditions in Russia..

441 Our Need of a Navy.....

394

By N. I. Stone. Comparisons with Germany..

395 Germany's Aims and Ambitions.

395
A New Regime for American Opera.

444 What Has Been Done About Trusts.

396

By Lawrence Reamer. Fair Play and Publicity..

397

With portraits of Maurice Grau, and Heinrich Conried. What Next in the Trust Question ?.

397 Hope for the Irish Farmer: A Talk with the Mr. Root's Efficiency.. 397 Hon. Horace Plunkett..

447 In the Philippines.

398 The Statehood Fight and Its Cost..

398
The Trans-Canada Railway.

453 Addicksism and the “G. O. P.".

399

By E. T. D. Chambers. What It All Means...

399

With map of the proposed railway. Let Us Have Popular Election of Senators.. 400 South Australia's Land-Grant Railway... 456 Reform of Senate Methods..

400

By J. H. Gordon. Some New Senators...

401

With map of the proposed railway. New England Politics.

402 The Liquor Question..

The Award of the Anthracite Coal Strike 402 Commission...

460 Large Issues at Albany,-the Erie Canal.. 402 Taxation Questions...

By Walter E. Weyl.

402 Educational Control..

403 Leading Articles of the MonthChild Labor, and Housing

403
Leo XIII. and After.

465 Municipal Progress..

404
Cardinal Rampolla..

466 City Contests in Ohio..

404 Affairs in St. Louis.

The German Emperor and the Higher Criticism 467 404

An English View of the German Emperor.. 470 Canal and Railroad Projects in Canada..

405
The Macedonian Atrocities...

471 Other Canadian Interests

405
The First Cradle of Greek Civilization..

473 The Empire and Its Defenses..

406
Venezuela : Under Which Eagle?.

474 The Irish Situation....

407 Mr. Chamberlain and South Africa.

The American Capture of the Trade of the Orient 475 407

The Man Who Won the Northern Pacific Fight 476 German Affairs.. 408

477 French Topics. .

The Day's Work of a Railroad President..
408
The New Cuban Railroad..

478 Russian Domestic Reform

409
An Enormous Canal.

479 The Macedonian Situation

409
Americans in the Canadian Northwest.

479 The Pope's Twenty-five Years.

409
American Children of Labor.

480 The Strike Commission's Report.

409
The Coming Automobile..

481 With portraits of President Theodore Roosevelt, J.

Mr. Rhodes and Oxford.

481 Frank Alleen, L. Heisler Ball, Arthur P. Gorman, William C. Doane, M. E. Ingalls, David R. Francis,

With the Theosophists.

483 W. St. J. F. Brodrick, Horace Plunkett, Joseph

The Fossil Man of Kansas..

483 Chamberlain and the leaders of the new “South

The Tree-Dwellers of Malaya.

485 African party," Pope Leo XIII., cartoons, and other

Antarctic Exploration...

485 illustrations.

Volcanoes Under the Sea..

486 Record of Current Events..

410

Peculiarities of Reptiles and Amphibians. 487 With portraits of A. C. Latimer. Levi Ankeny, Chester

Alcohol : Food or Poison..

488 I. Long, Clarence Darrow, M. von Plehwe, the late

With portraits of Cardinal Rampolla, Professor DeRichard J. Gatling, and the late William F. Smith.

litzsch, and Jacob H. Schiff, and Maps. Some Cartoon Comments,-Chiefly on the

The Periodicals Reviewed....

489 President .... 414 The New Books..

501 The Old and the New in Southern Education. 417

With portraits of John W. Foster, Miss Agnes C. Laut,
By David E. Cloyd.

Gaillard Hunt, Sidney Lee, and Lester F. Ward.
With illustrations.
Index to Periodicals...

508 TERMS: $2.50 a year in alvance: 25 cents a number. Foreign postage $1.00 a year additional. Subscribers may remit to us

by post office or express money orders, or by bank checks, drafts, or registered letters. Money in letters is at genders risk. Renew as early as possible, in order to avoid a break in the receipt of the numbers. Bookdealers, Postmasters, and Newsdealers receive subscriptions. (Subscriptions to the English REVIEW OF Reviews, which is edited and published by Mr. W. T. Stead in London, may be sent to this office, and orders for single copies can also be filled, at the price of $2.50 for the yearly subscription, including postage, or 25 cents for single copies.) THE REVIEW OF REVIEWS CO., 13 Astor Place, New York City.

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(The third in the history of the Papacy to “ see the years of Peter,”—that is, to fill the

Papal throne for full twenty-five years.)

THE AMERICAN MONTHLY

Review of Reviews.

VOL. XXVII.

NEW YORK, APRIL, 1903,

No. 4.

THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.

The

His

The President of the United States tries to surpass himself or to expend his reserve President's had by the middle of March fixed the strength in the achievement of something exWestern Tour.

itinerary of his great tour, which was ceptional. With matters of colossal importance to begin on April 1, to have the Pacific coast as to attend to, he simply does his best as he goes its principal objective, and to continue until the along, deals with every problem that arises in a first week in June. The plan of this journey simple, direct, and natural way, and thus finds comprised the visiting of more than twenty the day sufficient unto itself. He borrows no States and stops at more than a hundred differ trouble, sleeps soundly, and meets the morrow ent places, with scores of longer or shorter ad refreshed and with full

courage. dresses and speeches. The whole thing would appear too formidable for any man of ordinary

It is not strange that this frank, physical or mental constitution. President Remarkable straightforward American citizen, so Roosevelt's powers of endurance, however, are

Popularity.

high-minded in his motives and so not ordinary. He has come through a winter democratic in his sympathies, should have won and spring of most incessant and arduous labors, a great place in the confidence and affection of with a great number of matters of moment and the American people. He has also taken a marurgency pressing upon his time and attention. velous hold upon the imagination and the inAnd none of those matters has been treated by terest of the peoples of Europe. A discerning him either with negligence or with any lack of resident of Amsterdam informed this office, the diligent regard and concentrated interest ; yet other day, that, with the exception of their own he has emerged from the past four or five months queen, Wilhelmina, there was no personage now of intense application without the slightest in living in whom the people of Holland took dication of being fagged or stale.

nearly so much interest as in President Roose

velt. The people of France read eagerly all The young men of the country will his utterances. His practical philosophy of life velt lives and be entitled some time to know even falls in most usefully with the wholesome point

more than they have as yet been told of view that the best political and social eleabout the way in which President Roosevelt ac ments in our great sister republic are earnestly complishes so much and yet keeps in prime order. teaching to the new generation of Frenchmen. His physical constitution was, of course, built As for Germany, it is not merely the Emperor up, as everybody knows, years ago by systematic and Prince Henry, and the leaders of the army exercise and much outdoor life. His mental and navy, who have expressed their liking for vigor would seem to have been acquired by a President Roosevelt and their appreciation of somewhat analogous method. The President his versatility; for the German people as a whole does not flinch from the task in hand. He has have a remarkably warm feeling toward him, schooled himself to do the day's work as it which is shown in their newspapers and in comes. He has acquired to a marvelous degree many private as well as public ways. the power of concentration and the habit of de ties and organs in England, of late, with hardly cisiveness. He arranges his day well, is very any exceptions, have vied with one another in abstemious in eating and drinking, does not allow expressions of friendliness toward the people of himself to be cheated out of a fair amount of the United States : and, if one may judge by exercise, does not rely in the least upon stimu the overwhelming tone of the English press, lants or tobacco, and perhaps above all, never President Roosevelt's popularity is greater in

How Mr. Roose

Works.

All par

that country than that enjoyed by any contem to do what they can to make the President's tour porary head of a foreign country in recent times. restful and agreeable, rather than wearisome He seems, in short, to embody, to Europeans, through too much formality or too incessant the best and most honorable American traits of speechifying. mind and character,—to typify those qualities that belong to a gentleman in a democratic re

To Americans in general, and to the public like ours, and to represent the best intellec A Ship Canal, world at large, doubtless, the most tual aims and aspirations of this Western world.

striking of recent public achieve

ments at Washington is the final settlement, Although the President's projected after more than half a century of discussion, of A Respite After Great Western trip is so long, and involves the main features of a ship canal to connect the Achievements.

appearances before so many audi Atlantic and the Pacific, and to afford the world ences, it ought for him to be a pleasant rather a new trade route destined to have a profound than a difficult and trying experience. He can effect upon commerce and international relaenter upon it with a clear conscience and a light tions.

tions. The abandonment of the long-cherished heart. He knows that he has given the very American preference for the Nicaragua route best that is in him toward the performance of has a good deal dampened public enthusiasm, his duties as President; and he can afford to while the details of the arrangement made for say, without affectation on the score of modesty, Uncle Sam's occupation of the Panama ('anal that a great deal of important and valuable pub- strip are in some respects so far from being lic business has been achieved during the past few clean-cut and satisfactory that intelligent Amermonths, in most of which his own guidance and icans will prefer not to read the text of the leadership have played a part. Knowing that treaty between the United States and ('olombia. the people of the West even more than those of We may, however, compliment Colombian diany other part of the country appreciate and plomacy upon the success it has had in dealunderstand him, he will doubtless feel the more ing with Uncle Sam, and we may reasonably free to review, in his speeches, the recent course take an optimistic view of the whole business. of public affairs, and to give some outlook upon The American ideal was an interoceanic canal the future from his standpoint as Chief Execu. that should in a true sense be an extension of tive. His journey comes at a lull in public our own shore line. Although this is not what affairs due not only to the necessary adjourn we have secured in legal fact and form (since ment of Congress by limitation on the 4th of March, but, further than that, due to the completion—almost simultaneously with the expiration of the life of the late Congress—of a number of pending episodes and affairs of unusual concern.

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Among these matters are to be menSome Things tioned the fortunate settlement of all Accomplished.

the acute phases of the controversy of the allied European powers with Venezuela ; the completion of the labors of the anthracitecoal commissioners ; the practical settlement of the interoceanic canal question ; the agreement upon satisfactory arrangements, commercial and otherwise, between the United States and Cuba ; and the wholly auspicious establishment of the new Department of Commerce at Washington. The President, therefore, can well enter upon this journey with the pleasant feeling that a winter's hard work has produced substantial results, and that his speech-making might very suitably take the form, in large part, of a summing up and an interpretation of those achievements, without any undue or irritating appeal to party feeling, and with less necessity than usual for argument or exhortation. The people of the West, on the other hand, will be most delighted

PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND OLD EUROPE.

From Le Rire (Paris).

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