« SebelumnyaLanjutkan »
SPELLING.--LESSON 13. res-ur-rec-tion réz-ŭr-rěk'shũn su-per-fi-cial sū-per-fishă] ret-ro-spec-tive rět-ro-spěk’tiv su-per-fi-ces sū-pěr-fish'ěz rev-er-en-tial rěv-ěr-ěn'shăl su-per-sti-tious sū-pěr-stish ́ús rhet-o-ri-cian rét-0-rishăn su-per-vi-sor sū-pěr-vīszór ru-mi-na-tion rô-me-nā'shún sup-po-si-tion sūp-po-zish'ün sac-er-do-tal să s-ěr-döstăl syl-lo-gis-tic sil-lo-jis tik sac-ra-men-tal săk-rā-měn'tăl sym-pa-thet-ic sim-pā-t'hět'ik sac-ri-le-gious săk-rë-lejūs trans-mi-gra-tion trăns-me-grå’shún sal-ma-gun-di să l-mā- un'dē trans-por-ta-tion trăns-por-taʼshăn sal-u-ta-tion să]-lū-tā'shăn trep-i-da-tion trěp-ē-dā'shún sat-is-fac-tion sắt-is-fakoshăn trit-u-ra-tion trit-yū-rå'shún sci-en-tif-ic sī-ěn-tiffik val-e-dic-tion văl-e-dik'shữn scin-til-la-tion sin-til-lā'shūn veg-e-ta-tion
věj-é-ta'shun sem-i-co-lon sēm-ē-ko'lon ven-er-a-tion věn-ěr-ā'shún sem pi-ter-nal sěm-pē-těr'năl vin-di-ca-ture vin.dē-kā tūr sep-ar-a-tion sép-dr-ā'shún vir-tu-o-so văn-tô-0 sẽ se-ques-tra-tion sěk-wěs-trā'shũn vis-i-ta-tion vis-ê-tā'shữn sit-u-a-tion sit-yū-ā'shūn un-i-ver-sal yū-nē-věr'săl sop-o-rif-ic sõp--rif'ik u-sur-pa-tion yū-zūr-på'shữn sper-ma-ce-ti spěr-mă-sē'tē vit-ri-ol-ic vit-rē-ol'ik su-per-cil-ious sū-pěr-silyūs un-du-la-tion ủn-dū-lā“shủn
Accent on the third syllable. an-i-mad-vert ăn-ē-măd-vērt' mis-rep-re-sent mis-rép-ré-zěnt' an-ti-pe-nult ăn-te-pe-nult mul-ti-pli-cand mūl-ti-pli-kănd ar-is-to crate ar-is-to-krăť nev-er-the-less něv-ur-t'hê-lěs' av-oir-du-poise ă v-ěr-dū-pòiz rec-i-ta-tive rés-se-tā-tive' car-ic-at-ure kõr-ik-ăt-yūre' re-cog-ni-see re-kóg-nē-zēē' chev-aux-de-friese shěv-7-de-frēz' rod-o-mon-tade rõd-o-mon-tå de' leg-ar-de-main lěd-jūr-de-mäne'su-per-in-duce sū-pěr-in-dūse' men-ag-er-ie měn-ăzhe-ŭr-e' ul-tra-ma-rine ul-trā-mā-rēne'
CONVERSATIONS, &c.-LESSON 14.
County Clerk and Surrogate. I suppose, father, said Philo, we are again to pursue the subject of county officers; next to the judges, comes the couniy clerk: how is he elected and what are his duties and powers?
He is elected, my son, by the people of the county at the time they elect a sheriff, and in the same manner, and for the
His ordinary duties may be classed under four heads; to wit:
1. Those which devolve upon him as the keeper, reco! der, and depository of the public records and files of the courts of
mon pleas and general session of the peace of his counts
2. Those which he discharges as clerk of the court of common pleas of his county.
3. Those which he performs as clerk of the court of general sessions of the peace of his county.
4. Those which he does as clerk of the circuit court and court of oyer and terminer, and general jail delivery of his county.
Have the goodness, sir, says Philo, to enumerate some of his duties as keeper of the records, &c. of the county.
As keeper and recorder of the public documents, he receives deeds, mortgages, judgments in the common pleas, last wills and testaments, which refer to real estate, the proceedings in partition of lands, the bonds of the sheriff, loan officer, and treasurer; physician's and surgeon's licenses; the style and title of religious societies incorporated; the rolis or records of the qualification of all officers of the county, whether civil or military, and the certificates of the electors of governor, lieutenant governor, senators, and assembly men, returned from the several towns.
Really, said Philo, it seems he has enough to do; but in what manner does he keep these papers ?
He records them in books prepared for the purpose in a fair and legible hand, and in such order of arrangement as will enable him to turn to any one of them immediately.
He is also bound to attend personally or keep a deputy for the convenience of ready and prompt reference, and to receive and record the instruments above mentioned.
What are his duties as clerk of the several courts which you mentioned? inquired Horace.
His trust extends to all of them, said Mr. Brown; but more particularly to the court of common pleas. In the circuit courts, and courts of oyer and terminer, and jail delivery, he acts merely as ex-officio clerk, which serves to increase his compensation or amount of fees.
What does he do particularly in the court of common pleas? asked Philo.
In that court, said the father, he is the only lawful receiver out of term, of the pleadings which are conducted in it; and of the appearances and bail pieces taken in it, which he enters on record. In term, he officiates in opening the court; administers the oath to the jurors, the witnesses, and the constables; and receives and enters the verdicts returned into court.
He performs many other duties, some of which are only of minor importance, and unnecessary for you to know particulurly.
Surrogate.Next to the county clerk, ranks the surrogate;
says Horace; how is he appointed, and what are his duties and powers?
A surrogate for each county in the state, replied the father, is appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
He holds his office for four years; his general and ordinary duties may be classed under two heads, to wit:-- The granting and certifying of probates of last wills and testaments, and the granting and certifying of letters of administration on intestate estates in his own county.
Have the goodness, sir, said Horace, to state his duties with regard to wills in the first place, for we shall then keep the subjects distinct and under siand them better.
I will, my son; for one subject at a time can be easier examined than two. The surrogate is the proper officer to hear the proof of last wills and testaments so far as they relate to the disposal of personal estate, and to certify them. When a will is proved before him, he records it in a book kept for the purpose. When it is proved and recorded, it is then delivered to the party who presented it, with a copy thereof bearing the seal of the surrogate, and a certificate of its having been proved. The copy and certificate constitute what is generally styled the Probate.
Now, said Philo, we will hear, if you please, some of his duties in regard to letters of adıninistration on intestate estates, a term, by the bye, which I do not onderstand.
When a person dies, leaving property and no will, his estate is said to be left intestate; that is, without a will.
it is the duty of the surrogate to grant letters of administration to the next of kin; who, on applying for the trust, takes an oath that the deceased left no will to his knowledge or belief, and that he will administer the goods, chattels, and credits of the intestate with prudence and faithfulness. He also enters into bonds with two or more surities for the faithful discharge of the duties of his trust.
As we now understand some of the duties of the surrogate, said Philo, we should be glad to know something of his powers.
His powers, said the father, are barely sufficient to enable him to do the duties of his appointment.
When the administrator forfeits his bond, the surrogate has power to prosecute him for damages and make the forfeiture good. He has the power also to call an administrator to account to examine into his proceedings and compel him to do his duty on pain of imprisonment. He can order a part or to
In such case,
whole of the deceased's real estate to be sold to pay his debts or support the minors of the family; and he can appoint guardians for infant children.
In any of his proceedings, should he do injustice, an appeal lies to the judge of the court of probate.
How is the surrogate paid for all his services? said Philo.
He derives his compensation from fees affixed to the duties of his office and limited by law.
THE CAPACITY OF VESSELS.--LESSON 15. The capacity of a regular vessel may be determined by the following
Rule. 1. Cube the diameter of the given ends, and subtract the lesser cube from the greater.
2. Divide the difference of the cubes, by the difference of the diameters.
3. Multiply the quotient by .7854, and that product by 1-3 of the given height; the last product will be the answer.
Thus: (1.) What is the capacity, in wine gallons, of a tub, the extremes of which are 3, and 4 feet in diameter, and the height 9 feet?
4X4=16X4=64; and 3X3=9X3=27. Then, 64—27=37 the difference of the cubes of the extremes.
1728, the cubic inches in a cubic foot. ;-231=
Note t. When the diameters are given in feet, multiply as sbove by 7.4805; for, 1728-231=7.4805.
Note 2. When the capacity is required in beer measure, multiply by 6.1276; for, 1728 ;-282=6.1276.
Note 3. When the capacity is required in inches, divide by 282 for ale, and 231 for wine.
(2.) How many gallons of ale can be put into a vat, in the form of a common frustum, whose base is 7 feet, top 6 feet, and depth 8 feet?
Ans: 1886.5458. (3.) A distiller has a cistern, whose extremes are 12 and 14 feet in diameter, and. whose altitude is 10 feet; what is its ca. pacity in hogsheads?
Ans. 157.918193. REMARKS, &c.--LESSON 16.
Illustrations of the Trochaic measure. 4th. The fourth species of the trochaic verse is that which
consists of four trochaics, but admits of no additional syllable. Thus:
Rõund us rồars thể tẽmpest löuder, 5th. That which is composed of five trochaics, without any additional syllable. Thus:
all who go on foot or ride în chärriots,
all who dwell in pălăcēs or gārrits 6th. That which is composed of six trochaics, admits of no additional syllable. Thus:
ön ă mountain, streātch'd bēněath ã willow
lũy & shēpherd swain, ănd viễwd thẽ rõlling billõw. Note.
Of the three foregoing kinds of trochaic verse the fourth is by far the most common and most pleasing. Specimens of it abound in almost every polite publication.
See thẻ Lörd öf glöry dying,
Sēē how deep your sins hăvo stūng him. NOTE. The third and fourth species of the trochaic measure are sometimes blended to great advantage.
Céase rūde böreăs, blús’tring rãiler,
Sing the dangèrs öf thề sẽa. Nore. 3. It will not be an unprofitable exercise for the pupil to select a few examples of the foregoing measures and scan the first;-making them with a pencil.
SPELLING. LESSON 17. Words of five syllables; double columns; aceent on the first syl
lable; vowels marked. ex-pi-a-tor-y
ēks' pe-a-tūr-e ju-di-ca-tor-y