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earth are successively rising and entering upon the business of the day'; near the noon point', they are dining'; and at the evening line', they are retiring to rest'. Hence, throughout the whole earth, there is a constant succession of rising' and breakfasting', dining and supping', and going to resť.

Ann. Ilow curious! And how curiously diverting it must be to an eye that can take in the whole at one view'!

ALLEGATION.-LESSON 27. Nore. Allegation exhibits the method of mixing compound quantities, and adjusting the price of the simples.

Case 1. When the several quantities and their prices are given, the mean price of any part of the compound may be tourd by the following RULE. As the sum of the several quantities

Is to any part of the compound;
So is the total value

To the price of the part. Thus:(1) A has 15 bu. of rye, at 64 cents a bu.; 18 of corn, at 55 cents; and 21 of oats, at 28 cents a bu. which he mixes; what is the worth of a bu. of the mixturc?

15 X 64=$9.60
18 X 55= 9.90
21 X 28= 5.88

---54 quan.----$25.38 value of the parts; then,

as 54:1::25.38:0.47.--for 25.387.1:-54=0.47, Ans. (2) B has 4 lbs. of tea at 90 cts, a lb. 8 lbs. at 75 cents, and ülbs. at 110 cts, which he mixes;--what will a lb. of the mixture cost?

Ans. 90 cts. (3) If 18 bit. of wheat, at 15 cts. a bu. be mixed with 12 bu. of rye worth 1.25 a bu.; what is the value of a bushel of the mixture?

Ans. $1.40. REMARKS, &C.--LESSON 28.

COMMON HONESTY. 1 Common honesty implies a fair', upright', just', and unvisguised dealing with our fellow men in the ordinary business of life. Its chief characteristics are embraced in the nemorable Golden Rule': “Do to others in all things, as you would that others', in like cases', shoulil do to you!”

2 Its effects are the establishment of confidence between man' and man'; a total cancel of the civil law', and penal code', and a general harmony of sentiment and good feeling throughout the world'.

3 It can hardly be denied', that the virtue which enters into the daily intercourse of man', the employments of all classes of people', and all the relations of life', and which alone can render life secure', and community comfortable', must be', in itself', one of the most amiable and honourable that can adorn human nature':--And such', in truth', and in very deed', is the unassuming and uncelebrated virtue of common honesty ;--for', without it', man is a robber', and the human family a den of theives'.

4 Few of the virtues in the whole circle, are more abused than this, and none more generally and strenuously claimed by every one who claims membership with the brotherhood of man!

In a mercantile state', where wealth is the presiding deity', and where every deceptive art is fearlessly practiced to accomplish the mean, mercenary purpose of promoting this common idol', the virtue of common honesty, is most likely to perish: If professedly respected', it is too often merely assumed as a convenient cloak to disguise the designs formed to pillage your pocket' or libel your credit.

5 In every community of men', common honesty', is much less common than we are willing to suppose. Could it, for once', be universally introduced, respected, and maintained, in all ranks and employments of life', the golden age of fablo would be restored to the world'. Therefore', early' and late', by night' and by day', in season' and out of season', cultivate this virtue by precept and practice'; and verify the just remark of the moral poet': "An honest man', is the noblest work of God'.”

SPELLING.LESSON 28.

The Grave sound of the vowels. al-mon-er ăl'mūn-úr har-bin-ger hàr'bin-jur al-mon-ry ăl'mūn-rē har-di-ness hàr'dē-něs ar-bi-ter àr'bē-tūr har-le-quin hàrlē-kin ar-bi-trate àrbé-trāte harm-less-pess harm'lěs-něs ar-che-type

ar'ke-tipe har-mo-ny harmo-nē ar-chi-tect àr'kē-těkt harp-si-chord harp'sē-körd ar-den-cy àr'děn-sē lar-ce-ny làr' se-nē ar-du-ous àr' dū-ŭs laugh-a-ble làf'a-bl ar-mat-ure àr'măt-yure mar-chion-ess mdr'tshún-ěs. ar-mi-stice àr'mē-stis

mar-gi-nal màr'jē-năl ar-mor-er armur-ur

mar-jo-rum màr'jū-rúm

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r-mor-y àr'mur-ē

rnar-tyr-dom màr'tur-dum ar-ter-y àr'tur-ē 'mar-vel-lous mar'věl-lūs ar-ti-choke àr'tē-tshöke par-lia-ment pàr'lē-měnt ar-ti-fice àr'tė-fis

par-son-age pàr'sn-ädje ar-ti-san àr-te-zăn phar-ma-cy fàrmā-sē bar-ba-rism bàr'bā-rizm par-ti-cle par-të-kl bar-ba-rous bàr'bã-rus

par-ti-san pàr'tē-zăn bar-ba-cue : bàr'be-kū sar-di-us sàr'dē-us bar-ley-corn bàr'le-kèrn sar-do-nyx sàr'do-niks car-ti-lage kar'te-lije ser-geant-ry sàr'jănt-ro charge-a-ble tshàrje'a-bl tar-di-ness tàr'dē nes guar-di-an gyarde-ăn

psal-mo-dy săl'mo-do

LESSON 30.
Scene between Ximenia, and her mother Elenina.

THE SEIGE OF VALENCIA.
Ximenia.

Rejoice
For her', who', when the garland of her life
Was blighted', and the springs of hope were dri'd',
Receiv'd the summons hence', and had no time',
Bearing the canker at th’ impatient heart',
To wither. Sorrowing for that gift of Heav'n-
Which lent one moment of existence light,
That dimm'd the rest for ever!
Elenina,

How is this!
My child', what mean'st thou?

Ximenia. Mother'! I have lov'd'
And have been lov'd! The sun-beam of an hour',
Which gave life's hidden treasures to mine eyes',
As they lay shining in their secret founts',
Went out', and left them colourless'.--'Tis past
And what remains on earth? The rainbow mist
Through which I gaz'd', hath melted', and my sight
Is cleard to look on all things as they are!
- But this is far too mournful! Life's dark gift',
Hath fallin too early' and too cold upon

me!
- Therefore', I would go hence'.
Elenina. And thou hast lov'd unknown

Ximenia. Oh! pardon', pardon that I veil'd My thoughts from thee!-But thou hadst woes enough'; And mine came o’er me when thy soul had need Of more than mortal strength, For I had scarce Given the deep consciousness that I was lov'd

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A treasure's place within my secret heart',
When earth's brief joy went from me!

'Twas a morn';
I saw the warriors to their field

go

forth';
And he',--my chosen',—was there among the rest,
With his young, glorious brow! I look'd again', -
The strife grew dark beneath me but his plume
Way'd free above the lances':-Yet again,
It had gone down! and steeds were trampling o'er
The spot to which mine eyes were riveted,
Till blinded by the intenseness of their gaze'!
-And then',-at last-I hurried to the gate',
And met him there'-I met him!-

-on his shield',
And with his cloven helm and shiver'd sword',
And dark hair', steep'd in blood! They bore him past'-
Mother'!-I saw his face-Oh! such a death',
Works fearful changes on the fair of earth',
The pride of woman's eye!
Elenina.

Sweet daughter', peace!!
Wake not the dark remembrance'; for thy frame'--

Ximenia. There will be peace cer long'; I shut my heart,
Even as a tomb', o'er that lone, silent grief',
That I might spare it thee'! But now the hour
Is come', when that which would have pierc'd my soul
Shall be its healing balm'. Oh! weep thou not
Save with a gentle sorrow'!
Elenina.

Must it be'?
Art thou', indeed', to leave me?
Ximenia.

Be thou glad!
I say', rejoice above thy favour'd child'!
Joy, for the soldier when his field is fought!
Joy, tor the peasant when his vintage-task
Is clos'd at eve!-But most of all for her',
Who', when her life had chang'd its glittering robes
For the dull garð of sorrow', which doth cling
So heavily around the journeyers on',
Cast down its weight'; -and slept!

ALLEGATION.-LESSON 31. CASE. 2. When the prices of the several rates are given to find how much of each at the given rate will make a mixture worth a given price. This is the reverse of case first; hence, the two cases reciprocally prove each other.

Rule. 1. Place all the rates of the simples under each other, and link each rate which is less than the mean, with one or more that is greater.

2. The difference between each rate and the mean price, placed opposite the respective rate with which it is linked, will give the quantity. Thus:

(1) What quantity of sugar at 11 cts. a lb. at 6 cts. a lb. and at 8 cts. a lb. will make a mixture worth 7 cts. a lb?

6 14+1=5 Ans. 5 lb. at 6 cts. Mean rate cts.

8

=1 1 lb. at 8 11 1

1 lb. at 11 (2) A would mix wine al 14s. 19s. 158. & 22s. a gallon, and sell the mixture at 18s. a gallon;—what quantity of each must he take?

Ans. 4 at 14s. 1 at 15s. 3 at 19s. & 4 at 22s. Note. By connecting the less rate with the greater, and placing the difference beiween them and the mean rate alternately, it becomes evident that the loss and gain upon each quantity and upon the whole are perfectly equal; the result therefore must give the true rate. It is also evident that different modes of linking the prices will produce different results though strictly proportional quantities, and therefore equally correct.

PEMARKS, &c.---LESSON 32.

Different modes of gaining Knowledge. 1. There are five principal methods, says Dr. Watts, of acquiring human knowledge. Observation, Reading, Lectures, Conversation, and Meditation. Each of these methods has its peculiar recommendations, but all of them can be employed to great advantage:-indeed all of them are necessary to form a general mind, accomplished in particular and general knowledge.

2. Observation is nothing more than the notice we take of the objects around us, and the occurrences of human life. This mode enables us to gather a greater amount, and richer variety of ideas, propositions, words and phrases, than either of the other modes, for we bring it into use at an earlier period, and we continue it to a later date than either of the others.

3. By observation, we learn that fire burns, the sun shines, the grass grows, the body dies, and that one generation succeeds another. All those things which we see, hear, taste and feel, or which come to our understanding without the help of our reflecting or reasoning powers, are derived from observation.

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