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agrees with it accordingly. As, the boy who studies closely, does his duty
If he will not hear his friend, whom shall be sent to him?
This sentence is faulty, because, the relative, whom, has the form of the object, but it is here made the subject of the verb shall be, for no subject comes between it and the verb, in viola-, tion of the 12 rule; whom, should therefore be who. Thus, who shall be sent to him?
These are they whom. might have expected the news.
OBS. 1. When a subject does come between the relative and the verb, then the relative is put in the possessive case, and is. governed by the thing possessed, or it becomes the object of a transitive verb, a present participle, or a preposition, in its own member of the sentence; as, this is the man to whom I am indebted, whose friendship has relieved me, and whom I respect. Persons of talent are not always those who we respect most.
Those who you dispute with are of your opinion.
Obs. 2. When the relative is used to ask a question, the noun or pronoun in the answer, must be in the same case with the relative. As, whose pen is this? Joseph's. Whom do you hear? Joseph
Of whom were the books bought? of Bailey, he who lives on the wind Who was present? Him and his clerk. Who counted the money? The clerk and him.
OBS. 3. In using the relative pronoun, care must be taken to sustain a uniform relation and agreement, throughout the gentence in which they are employed.
I am the man who loves order, and who likes good government; but I am not a person who dislikes mild treatment, or who yield to useless severity.
SPELLING.LESSON 9. sin-o-per sin'ō-pur tyr-an-ny tirrăn-nề sin-u-ate sin'yū-ate vic-ar-age
vik'ur-idje sin-u-ous sin'yŭ-ŭs vic-to-ry viktorė sir-i-us
sir' re-us vict-ual-ler vit'tül-kür six-ti-eth siks'tē-ět'h vig-il-ance vij'il-ănse slip-per-y - slip'pěrcē vig-il-ant vij'il-ant stim-u-late stim'mū-lāte vig-or-ous
vigsūr-ūs styg-i-an stij'ě-an vil-i-fy vil'e-fi SY.C-o-phant sik'a-fănt vil-lan-ous
sillā bl vil-lan-y vlllăn-ė syl-lo-gism sillo-jizm vin-di-cate vin'dē-kate syl-lo-gize sillo-jize vin-e-gar
sim'bo-lize vir-u-lence vår'ū-lense sym-me-try
sim'mē-tre vis-i-ble viz'ē-bl sym-pa-thize sim'pa-t'hize vis-i-tant viz'ē-tănt sym-pa-thy sim'pa-t'hē vis-u-al viz'yu-al sym-pho-ny sim'fo-nē vi-ti-ate vish'ê-ate syn-a-gogue sin'a-gog vit-re-ous
vit'trē-ús syn-co-pe sing'ko pē vit-re-fy vit'tre-fi syn-o-nyme sin'o-nim vit-ri-ol vit'trē-ul syn-the-sis sin't'he-sis viv-i-fy viv'e-fi
sis'to-le whim-si-cal hwim'zē-kal tif-fa-ny
tif'fă-nē whir-le-gig hwir'le-gig tim-or-ous
tim'ūr-ŭs whit-sun-tide hwit'sūn-tide tit-u-lar tityũ-lur wick-ed-ness wik'id-něs trin-i-ty trin?ẽ-t wil-der-ness wil'dūr-nes trip-li-cate trịp'lē-kāte wil-ful-ness wil'fûl-nės trip-o-ly trip'po-le wist-ful-ly wist'fal-lē tym-pa-num tim'pa-nūm witch-er-y witsh'ier-ē typ-i-cal tip'e-kăl
wit-ti-cism wit'tē-sizm typ-i-fy tip'e-fi wit-ting-ly wit'ing-lē tyr-an-nize tirrăn-nize APPLICATION OF THE INFLECTIONS.LESSON 10.
CREATION. 1. In the progress of the divine works and government' there arrived a period in which this earth was to be called inio existence.' When the signal moment, predestined from all eternity', was come', the Deity arose in his might', and', with a word', created the world."
2: What an illustrious moment was that', when', from non-existence', there sprung at once into being', this mighty globe on which so many millions of people now dwell'. No preparatory measures were required'; ----no long circuit of means was employed:' He spoke', and it was done. He commanded, and it stood fast!
3. The earth was', at first', without form' and void;' and darkness was upon the face of the deep'. The Almighty surveyed the drear abyss', and set bounds to the several divisions of nature. He said'; “Let there be light',” and there was light! Then appeared the sea and the dry land. Mouutains rose', and rivers flowed'; the sun and moon', began
their course in the skies!. herbs' and plants,' clothed the ground'. The air', the earth, and the waters', were stored with their respective inhabitants'.
At lasť, man was made after the image of God'. He. appeared', walking with countenance erect', and received his maker's benediction as lord of this new world'. The Al. mighty beheld his work', when it was finished', and
pronounc: ed it good'. Superior beings saw', with wonder', this new accession to existence. The morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God', shouted for joy!
INTEREST TABLE.-LESSON 11. 1 A table showing the amt. of $1 for 12 years at 6 pr. ct.
$1.42,$1.48,$1.54,$1.60,$1.66,$1.72, 6 pr. ct. . 2 A table showing the amt, of $1 for 12 mo. at 6 pr..ct. a year. simp. Int.
1 2 3 4 5 (1)
$1.005,$1.010,$1.015,$1.020,$1.025, Min 6 8 9 10 11
Use of the above tables. RULE 1. To the tabular amt. found under the given year in the first table, add the decimal part of the number, found under the given month.
2. Multiply the sum by the given principal, and the pro- . duct will be the amt. Thus:
(1) What is the amt. of $100. for 7 years and 8 mo. at 6 pr, ct. a year simp. Int.
$1.42. amt. of $1. for 7 years,
.040 amt. of $1 for 8 mo.
$1.460 X 100=$146.000. Ans. Obs. 1. Had the Int. only been required, the amt. of the two decimals multiplied by the given principal would have gio
a year sim. Int.
.42 +040=.460X 100=$46.000 Int. of $100 for 7 2-3 years at 6 pr. ct. (2) What is the amt. of $318.50 for 5 years at 6 pr. ct.
Ans. $413.05 ORS. 2. If the rate pr. ct. is more or less than 6 take the necessary even parts and add or subtract as the case may require.
(3) What is the Int. of $100. for 7 2-3 years, at 7 pr. ch. a year sim. Int. .42 amt. of $1. for 7 years at 6 pr. ct.
.040 Int. of $1. for 8 mo. at 6 pr. ct. I pr. ct. 1-6. • .460
.0767 Int. of $1. for 7 2-3 years, at 1 pr. ct.
.5367X100=$53.67 nearly, Ans. (4) To what will $753.25 amt. in 4 years 7 mo. at 5 pr. ct. a year?
Ans. $925.863. FALSE SYNTAX.LESSON 12. RULE 13. Nouns or pronouns connected by conjunctions, expressed or implied, must be in the same case. As Moses and James study daily. Between him and I there is no disagreement. This sentence is faulty, because the pronoun I in the nominative form, is joined to the pronoun him in the objective form, after the preposition between, in violation of rule 13, therefore, I should be me. Thus:--between him and me there is no disagreement.
They had respect to her and he while children. My brother and him rode out of town. His property and him soon parted. He and her are happy mated. The robber and hir meet frequently on the same ground. Joseph and her followed the preacher through the town.
Note 1. A careful observance of this and the 18th rule, will contribute to throw some light upon many obscure passages, and exhibit the necessity of maintaining a proper relation and due dependence among words which form the members of a sentence.
The principles embraced in these rules are of very extensive application and of primary importance;— They are often hid however froin the observation of the pupil by the excessive use of ellipsis: hence, in the correction of False Syntax, every omission should be justly applied.
Note 2. The phraseology which I have employed in the correction of faulty language, is not designed to suit all cases;-it may however aid the pupil in the selection and arrangement of such terms as shall meet his own views of the subject. I would respectfully recommend to the teacher, to order all the exercises in bad grammar, to be written in a blank book and preserved.
choc-o-late tshok'o-lāte hal-i-but hol'le-būt chol-er-ic köl lur-rik hol-ly-hock hõlle-hộk cock-a-trice kok'ă-trise hom-i-cide hòm/ẽ-side cod-i-cil kõd'ê-sil hon-es-ty ăn nès-tẽ cog-i-tate kõj'é-tāte hos-pi-tal
hos'pē-tāl cog-ni-zance kogʻnē-zănse joc-u-lar jok'ü-lur coll-ier-y kõl’yūr-ē
jol-li-te jolle-tē col-o-nise kõl'o-nize laud-a-num
lod'dă-năm col-um-bine köl'üm-bine log-a-rithms lõgʻa-rithmz com-e-dy kom'mē-dē log-ic-al com-pe-tence kom'pe-těnse lon-ge-tude lõn'je-tūde com-pro-mise kõm'pro-mize lot-ter-y lõt'tūr-ē con-fer-ence kõn'fēr-ěnse mod-es-ty mõd'dis-té con-fes-sor kõn'fěs-sūr mod-i-fy mod de-fi con-flu-ence kõn'flū-ěnse mod-u-late mod’yū-lāte con-i-cal kõn'é-kăl mol-i-fy molle.fi con-ju-gale kõn'jū-găl mon-ar-chymõn'nār-ké con-scious-ness kõn'shús-něs mon-e-tor mõn'nē-tur con-quer-or kõnk'ŭr-ur mon-o-dy mõn'no-dē con-so-nance kõn'ső-nănse mon-o-stich mõn'no-stik con-stan-cy kõn'stăn-sē mon-u-ment mõn'nů-mčni con-su-lar kõn'shū-lăr mor-al-ist mor!răl-list con-ti-nence kõn'tė-něnse mor-al-ise mor'răl-ize con-ver-sant kõn'věr-să nt not-a-ble nõt'ā-bl cop-y-est kõp'pē-ist ob-du-rate öb'jū-räte cor-al-ine kõr'ăl-in ob-lo-quies ob'lo-kizs
kõr'ö-núr ob-sta-cle ob'stā-kl croc-o-dile krok'o-dil QC-cu-pant ök kŭ-pă nt doc-i-ble dos' ē-bl
ök'kú-bi doc-u-ment dok'ü-ment oc-u-lar ök'kū-lăr dog-iwa-tise dog'ma-tize of-fi-cer of fé-sur dol-o-rous děl'o-růs om-in-ous om'min-us dom-i-nent dom'ē-nănt op-e-ra õpʻper-ă for-eign-er förʻrîn-úr op-er-ate op'per-ate frol-ic-some frol'ik-süm op-ti-cal õp'te-kă] fron-tis-piece fron'tis-pēse op-u-lence op'pú-lense glos-sa-ry