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SERIES OF SERIESÉS. LESSON 18. Note 1. Two or more single particulars, combined with two or more compound particulars, and all united in forming a sentence, or an independent member of a sentence, constitute the series of serieses.
RULE. The members which form the series of serieses, may, from their similarity or contrariety, be classed into couplets or triplets, and pronounced in parts agreeably to the appropriate rule of the simple series; and altogether, agreeably to the appropriate rule of the compound series. Thus:--The soul can exert herself in many different ways of action:--She can understand, will,' imagine,' (triplet) see, hear,' (couplet,) love converse,' (couplet,) feel and frown.'(couplet.)
Those unhappy beings, who, from long custom, have contracted the disgusting habit of cursing' and swearing, malice, and revenge,' a hatred to all that is just,' good,' and laudable, are naturally prepared for the misery thatawaits them.
For I am persuaded that neither death,' nor life,' nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, nor things to come,' nor height,' nor depth,' nor any other creature, shall be able to separate me from the lave of God.'
No situation is so remote,' and no station in life so unfavourable,' as to preclude access to the happiness of a future state:' a road is opened by the Divine Spirit to the habitations of rest,' from all corners of the earth, and from all conditions of human life;' from the peopled city, and the solitary desert;' from the cottage of the poor,' and the palace of the king, from the dwellings of ignorance and simplicity' and the regions of science and improvement.'
NOTE 2. The inflections, as applied to this example, will serve to illuse trate many of the foregoing rules, and exemplify the force and beauty which they impart to delivery, when properly applied.
SIMPLE INTEREST.--LESSON 19. CASE 4. When the rate is 6 per cent, and the given time months, or convertible to months,
Rule. Multiply the principal by half the number of months, and divide the product by 100; the quotient will be the ans.
Thus:--(1) What is the Interest of $225,53 for 18 months at 6 per cent. a year? 18-;-2=9. and 225,53 X9=2029.77-100=$20.2977 Ans.
Note 1. Interest at 6 per cent, a year, is half per cent. a month; hence, erery two months, draws 1 per cent. and 18 months, draw-9 per cent.
which in the decimal form, will stand thus:--.09; and the division by 100 is nothing more than cutting off these two decimals. This resolves the process into multiplication of decimals.
Thus:--$225.53 X09=$20.2977. In this way, parts of months may be taken, either fractionally, as in practice, ou decimally: but care must be taken in pointing.
(2) What is the Interest of $34.25. for 3 year, 3 1-2 months, at 6 per cent a year? 3X12+-8 1-2=44 1-2--2=2225. & 34.25X2225.=$7.62.
Note 2. When the per cent. is more or less than 6, take even parts of the Interest at 6, and add the results when the rate is more, but subtract it when the rate is less.
(3) What is the Interest of 34.25 for 3 years 8 1-2 months, at 7 per cent. a year?
34.25 X.2225, 7.62. at 6 per cent. 1 per cent=1-6 of 6 per cent, and,
7.62:6=1.27. interest at 1 per
Ans. $8.89 at 17
cent. (4) What is the interest of $34.25. for 3 years 8 1-2 months, at 5 per cent a year?
34.25X2225.=$7.62 int. at 6 pr. ct. a yr. lpr.ct.=1-6 of 6pr. ct. 7.62--1-6=1.27 interest at 1 per cent. year.
$6.35 Int. at 5 per cent. a year.
FALSE SYNTAX.LESSON 20.
RULE 4. Prepositions govern the objective case of nouns and pronouns. As, Mary lives on the hill.
Who do you speak to?' This sentence is faulty, because the gelative who, is in the nominative form and is here made the object of the preposition to, in violation of the 4th rule, hence; who should be whom. Thus:-whom do you speak to?
We are still at a loss who civil power belongs to. Go not with those who none can speak well of. Who do you Who serve you under? He is a friend who I wish well to.
Obs. 1. The preposition should not be parted from the zuord which it governs:--Thus, to whom do you give the book?
To have no one who we heartily wish well to, is an un pleasant state. He is a friend who I am indebted to.
The prepositions are often applied without reference to the import of the relation which the parts in connexion sustain. Proper attention to the relation of words, and the best usages will correct this error.
If policy can prevail upon form.--over form. Intrusted to persons on who reliance can be placed.-in thom.
Reconciled himself with the king.--to the king.
lab-y-rinth lăb'bi-rint'h par-a-blo
păr'ră-bi lac-er-ate lăs' sēr-āte par-a-digm pără'dim lach-ry-mal lăk krē-mă] par-a-dise păr'ră-dise lać-te-al lăkote-1 par-a-graph păr'ră-grăf lam-i-na làm mê-na par-al-lax păr'răl-lāks las-si-tude lăs'ső-tūde' par-al-lel
păr'răl-lel mac-er-ate măs'ser-āte par-a-lyze
păr'a-lize mack-er-al măk-ker-il par-a-pet păr'ră-pět mac-u late
măk'kū-late par-a-phrase păr/ră-frāze inag-i-cal măj’ē-kă] par-a-sol păr'ră-sol inag-is-trate măj'is-träte
par-en-tage păr'rěn-taje mag.net-ism
măgʻnět-izm par-o-dy păr'ro-de mag-ni-tude măg'nē-tūde par-ri-cide
păr're side maj-es-ty măj'ěs-tē
pas-sen-ger păs'sin-jūr mal-a-dy mălă.de pass-o-ver
păs'o-vůr man-a-cle mặn ni-kl pas-tor-al
păs'tūr-al man-age-ment mănije-mẽnt pae-tur-age. păs'tshūr-adje inan-a-ger măn?idjcũr pat-ron-age păt'rūn-adje man-ci-pate măn'sē-päte pat-ro-nise păt'tro-nize inan-i-fest măn'nē-fest plan-i-sphere plăn'nē-sfēre man-i-fold măn'nė-föld plat-i-na plăt'ē-nă man-tu-a mãn tshu- plat-o-nist plăt'o-nist man-u-script măn/q-skript prac-ti-cal prăk'tē-kõl mar-i-gold măr'ri-gold quack-e-ry kwăk'kūr-ē mar-in-er măr'rin-ur rad-i-cate răd'dē-kāte mar-i-time măr'ri-time rail-ler-y ral'lermas-cu-line măs,kū-lin ram-i-fy rănoe-f3 inas-sa-cre
măs'sa-kăr ran-cor-ous rằng kur-ts mat-ri-cide mắt/trẻ-side rap-tuc-ous
råp'tshur-us nar-ra-tive năr'ră-tiy rar-e-fy răr/ré-fi nation-al năsh'ũn-al
rar-i-ty i rår'ē-tē
ilar and takes similar inflection;--but when the parts are dis
nat-u-ral nătotshu-ra1 rasp-ber-ry răs'běr-re pac-i-fy păs'se-fi rat-e-fy
răt'tē-fi pa-gean-try på jún-trē ra-tion-al răsh'ūn-ăl pal-a-tine
ray-en-ous răy'von-us pal-li-ate pălle-äte rhap-so-dy
READING.--LESSON 22. Note., A few rules for the application of the Inflections were given in the 1st part of this work, page 51, and for reading verse, in the 2d part, ---page 294. They were such as the pupil was supposed to be capable of îinderstanding, and applying to practice. It is now proposed to extend those rules still further, and show the application of the inflections to the pauses occasioned by the exclamation point, dash, parenthesis, &c.
Application of the Inflections to the Interrogation point. RULE 1. When a question is asked, and it begins with a verb, expressed or implied, it adopts the rising inflection.
Thus:-Can any thing in the female character, be more perverse than an unlimited desire for universal praise?'
Can be exalt his thoughts to any thing great and noble, who believes that, after a few short turns on this stage of being, he is then to sink for ever into oblivion?'
Obs. 1. When the question begins with a verb and is followed by the disjunctive, or, the first part takes the rising, and the second the falling inflection.
Thus:--Shall we crown the author of this calamity,'or shall we destroy him? Dose Cesar deserve fame,' or blame?' If Cesar does not deserve fame, then he merits blame.
OBS. 2. But the conjunction, or, often conjoins the sense, and both parts adopt the rising inflection. As, Will religion make men worse husdands,'or women worse wives?' These are negations expressed in an interrogative form; they may be stated: Thus:---Religion will not make men worse husbands;' and it will not make women worse wives. Hence, the parts are simsimilar, then the inflections are also dissimilar. As, will religion make inen more vicious,' or more virtuous.
They tell us we are weak;' that we are unable to cope with so formidable an enemy, but when shall we be stronger?'will it be next month?' or next year?' We shall not be stronger next month;' and we shall not be stronger next year.!
Can all the glories of a crown,
SIMPLE INTEREST.-LESSON 23.
CASE 5. When the given time is a definite number of days.
RULE 1. Find the Int. on the principal for 1 year at the given rate. 2. Say, as 365 days is to the given days, so is the Int. for 1 year to the Int. for the given term.
Thus:(1) What is the Int. of $34.50. for 63 days at 7per cent, a year? $34.50 X07=$2.4150. & as 365 : 63 :: 2.415 : .416. Ans.
Note 1. This is the safest and most accurate mode of computing interest at any rate, per cent. or for any number of days. Most banks, and many merchants adopt a more concise but less equitable mode. They call the month 30 days, and the year 360 days. Then the int. on any number of dollars for 60 days, is expressed in cents by that number. And for a greater or less per cent. or for a longer or shorter time, they take ven parts and add or subtract as the case may require. Thus:
(2) What is the Int. of $34.50 for 63 at 7 pr. ct. a year? .34 1-2 cents. for 60 days at 6 per cent.
.3450 3 ds. 1-20 of 60 ds. & 345--1-20=1725 Int. for 3 ds. at6 per cent. for 63 days at 6 per cent a year.
$.36225 Int. 1 pr. ct.=1-6 of 6 pr. ct. & 36. 225-1-6=60375
Ans. $.422625. 3) What is the Int. of $100.000 for 365 ds. at 6 pr. ct. a yr.
$100.000 X.06=$6000.00 Ans. (4) What is the Int. of $100.000 for 360 days at 6 pr. ct.
Ans. $5917.8. As 365: 360 :: 6000 : 5917.8. & 6000—5917.8=$82.2. Note 2. The difference in the two modes of computing interest amounts to $82.20 on $100.000 for 1 year. This will serve to show that the principal as well as the pratice is wrong. This erroneous method with a corresponding table, is inserted in "The Christian Almanack, published by HASTINGS & Tracy Utica,” with this “Conveient Rule.”' In any sum the int. for the same, for 6 days, at 6 per dent. will be found to be the figers on the left hand side of the decimal point, calling the 1st mills.--Thus the Int. of $196 for 6 days, is 19 cts, 6 mills; for three days half that sum, &c. This is furnishing a rule for taking usury.
FALSE SYNTAX.LESSON 24.
RULE 5. Active participles govern the objective case or nouns and pronouns.-As I am weary with hearing him. Mary is writing a letter. Joseph is hearing of bim spell. This sentence is faulty, because the preposition, of, follows the participle, hearing, and governs the pronoun, him, in the objective