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ors and


obstruct ed, hindered or


removal from office with loss of all pay or emoluments,
but shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than
six months nor more than one year, or by a fine of not
less than two hundred dollars and not more than five
hundred dollars, or by both fine and imprisonment, and
shall pay the costs of prosecution. $ 5521, tit. 70, U.S.
R. S., 2d ed.
Supervisors and deputy marshal cannot be obstructed,

hindered or interfered with. Supervis

Sec. 630. Every person, whether with or without any deputy authority, power or process, or pretended authority, cannot be power, or process, of any State, Territory or municipality

who obstructs, hinders, assaults, or by bribery, solicitation, interfered or otherwise, interferes with or prevents the supervisors

of election, or either of them, or the marshal or his general or special deputies, or either of them, in the performance of any duty required of them, or either of them, or which he or they, or either of them, may be authorized to perform by any law of the United States, in the execution of process or otherwise, or who by any of the means before mentioned hinders or prevents the free attendance and presence at such places of registration or at such polls of election, or full and free access and egress to and from any such place of registration or poll of election, or in going to and from any such place of registration or poll of election, or to and from any room, where any such registration or election or canvass of votes, or of making any returns or certificates thereof, may be had, or who molests, interferes with, removes or ejects from any such place of registration or poll of election, or of canvassing votes cast thereat, or of making returns or certificates thereof, any supervisor of election, the marshal or his general or special deputies, or either of them ; or who threatens, or attempts, or offers so to do, or refuses or neglects to aid and assist any supervisor of election, or the marshal or his general or special deputies, or either of them, in the performance of his or their duties, when required by him or them, or either of them, to give such aid and assistance, shall be liable to instant arrest without process, and shall be punished by imprisonment, not

more than two years, or by a fine of not more than three thousand dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonnient, and shall pay the cost of the prosecution. $ 5522, tit. 70, U. S. R. S., 2d ed.

During verification of registry refusal to answer misde



Sec. 631. Every person who, during the progress of During any verification of any list of the persons who may have tion of registered or voted, which is had or made under any of refusal to the provisions of title “THE ELECTIVE FRANCHISE” misde(U. S. R. S.), refuses to answer, or refrains from answering, or, answering, knowingly gives false information in respect to any inquiry lawfully made, shall be punishable by imprisonment for not more than thirty days, or by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or by both, and shall pay the costs of the prosecution. § 5523, same tit.

State elec

Penalty for using troops at a State election.

Sec. 632. Every officer of the arıny and navy, or other Penalty person in the civil, military, or naval service of the United troops at a States, who orders, brings, keeps, or has under his author- tion. ity or control, any troops or armed men at any place where a general or special election is held in any State, unless such force be necessary to repel armed enemies of the United States or to keep the peace at the polls, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, and suffer imprisonment at hard labor not less than three months nor more than five years. $ 5528, same tit.

Military or naval officers attempting to prevent voters.

SEC. 633. Every officer or other person in the military Military or naval service who, by force, threat, intimidation, orders, officers

attempto advice or otherwise, prevents, or attempts to prevent, any ing to qualified voter of any State from freely exercising the voters. right of suffrage at any general or special election in such State, shall be fined not more than five thousand dollars, and imprisoned at hard labor not more than five years. $ 5529, same tit.

Attempting to prescribe qualifications of voters. Attempt- SEC. 634. Every officer of the army and navy, who ing to prescribe prescribes or fixes, or attempts to prescribe or fix, qualifications of whether by proclamation, order, or otherwise, the quali

fications of voters at any election in any State, shall be punished as provided in the preceding section. $ 5530, tit. 70, U.S. R. S., 2d ed.



Id., interfering with State elections. Id., inter

SEC. 635. Every officer or other person in the military fering with state or naval service, who by force, threat, intimidation, order,

or otherwise, compels, or attempts to compel, any officer holding an election in any State, to receive a vote from a person not legally qualified to vote, or who imposes, or attempts to impose, any regulations for conducting any general or special election in a State different from those prescribed by law, or who interferes in any manner with any officer of an election in the discharge of his duty, shall be punished as provided in section fifty-five hundred and twenty-nine. (8 633, ante.) 85531, same tit.


Additional penalty.

SEC. 636. Every person convicted of any of the offenses penalty. specified in the five preceding sections (SS 631-635) shall

in addition to the punishments therein severally prescribed be disqualified from holding any office of honor, profit or trust under the United States; but nothing in those sections shall be construed to prevent any officer, soldier, sailor or marine from exercising the right of suffrage in any election district to which he may belong, if otherwise qualified according to the laws of the State in which he offers to vote. $ 5532, same tit.



Election districts, concerning the formation of, in towns.

Sec. 637. The supervisor, assessors and town clerk of the respective towns are required to meet each year, at the town clerk's office, on the first Monday of October, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, and form a board, in order to determine whether any alteration in the existing districts is necessary. They may make alterations, subject to the restrictions and limitations contained in section 148, ante. They must make a certificate of such alterations, exhibiting the districts as altered and their respective numbers, which must be filed in the town clerk's office. Such alteration, however, will not take effect until after the then next general election, except in case of the alteration, erection or division of a town, or except such alteration of districts shall not affect any inhabited territory in a town, in which cases it shall take effect immediately. See SS 148, 149, ante.

When a new town is formed, the same town officers must meet at the town clerk's office on or before the first Tuesday in September, preceding the first general election, and divide the same into election districts. In performing this duty the same proceedings in all respects must be adopted as were had on organizing the existing towns into election districts, except in one particular. In the appointment of inspectors, the town officers, by original sec. 18, of tit. 3, ch. 130, 1842 (8 151, ante), were authorized to select, among others, from the commissioners of common schools. The office of commissioner of common schools having been abolished by law, the selections must be made from the other descriptions of officers enumerated in the said 18th section ($ 151, ante), and, in all respects, the proceedings to be had in organizing a new town into election districts must be identical with those which were had in organizing the existing towns into election districts.

Election districts in cities — in New York.

SEC. 638. Except in New York and Brooklyn, the common council of a city is empowered to divide each ward containing more than 500 inhabitants into election districts, and also to change the election districts of such wards. SS 137–139, ante.

The board of police in New York have the power to divide each assembly district in election districts, each district to contain as near as practicable 250 voters. § 438, ante.

Election districts in Brooklyn.

SEC. 639. In Brooklyn, the board of elections have power to divide the city into convenient election districts. Each election district to contain as near as practicable 500 voters, and each district to be entire within one ward. SS 524-526, ante.

Notices of election and the publication thereof.

Sec. 640. For notices of elections to be given and published by the secretary of State, see SS 131-134, ante, and see, also, $ 79, ante. For notices of election to be given by county and State canvassers, see SS 135, 136, ante. By subdivision 3 of sec. 7, ch. 482, 1875. ($ 147, ante), county boards of supervisors have authority “to determine (except in the county of Kings) in what newspapers, not exceeding two, the election notices issued by the secretary of State" (see ante, SS 131-134, also, & 79), “and the official canvass shall be published, and to fix the compensation for such publication.” But in cases where such publication shall be ordered to be made in two newspapers, such newspapers shall be of opposite political character." Form of notice to be published by the sheriff in the newspapers. (See $$ 147, 143.) SEC. 641.

ELECTION NOTICE. “A general (or special) election is to be held in the

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