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the purchase of the Varna line, 2,000,000 lei to H.J. debts contracted by Prince Alexander in supporting his office, and other sums to equipping the army. , Bulgaria has undertaken to pay 140,000 Turkish pounds per annum to the Porte as the revised amount of the Eastern Roumelian contribution to the Turkish debt and 21,000 Turkish pounds in settlement of arrears. In the autumn of 1889 a loan of 25,000,000 lei was raised through Austrian and German bankers. The loan is guaranteed by a mortgage on the receipts and rolling stock of the railroads. The interest is 6 per cent. An American syndicate had previously contracted to lend the money on like terms, but the Bulgarian Government, as soon as the Austrian Länder Bank offered to take the loan, inserted new and inacceptable conditions in the contract, causing the Americans to withdraw just when they had made arrangements to pay down the first installment of 5,000,000 lei. he Army.—Military service is compulsory. The forces consist of 12 infantry regiments, 3 of cavalry, 3 of artillery, having 6 batteries of 4 guns each, and 7 companies of pioneers. The army is organized as 3 divisions of 2 brigades. The peace strength of about 32,000 officers and men can be trebled in time of war. There is a small naval force, consisting of 3 o of war, 10 gunboats, and 2 torpedo boats. The Bulgarian Government determined to arm its troops with the Mannlicher repeating rifle. The factory in Steyr could not, however, supply its orders till the next year or later, and, consequently, when Servia began to increase her army it obtained 30,000 Berdan rifles from Russia and ordered 10,000,000 cartridges. At the same time it strengthened the fortifications at Slivnitza and elsewhere on the Servian frontier. Commerce.—The imports in 1887 had a total value of 64,587,185 lei, and the exports were valued at 44,801,060 lei. Wheat and corn are the principal articles of export. Wool is exported to Austria and France. Other commercial products are tallow, butter, cheese, timber, and flax. Excellent wine is produced on the slopes of the Balkans. In the valley of Kezanlik, in South Bulgaria, a famous essence of roses is produced. Goat and buffalo skins from Bulgaria are in request among the tanners of Genoa and Marseilles. Iron and coal are mined in small quantities. The imports from Great Britain in 1887 were 21,832,638 lei in value; from Austria, 15,266,053 lei; from Turkey, 9,543,791 lei: from France, 4,113,121 lei. The chief port is Varna, on the Black Sea, where 563 vessels, of 359,645 tons, were entered, and 559 vessels, of 360,095 tons, were cleared in 1885. Railroads.-The entire principality had 432 miles of railroads on Jan. 1, 1889. In December, 1888, the National Assembly authorized the construction of the Jamboli-Bourgas line and of a road from Kapitchan on the Rustchuk-Varna line, through Tirnova and Sofia to Kustendil. The two railroads were estimated to cost 92,000.000 lei, and harbor improvements at Varna and Bourgas were expected to cost 6,000,000 lei more. The Jamboli-Bourgas line, which will be of great importance to the southeastern part of Bulgaria, was begun May 13, 1889, and was finished before the end of the year. Like the other Bulgarian railroads, it was built entirely by native labor. There were foreign engineers in the begin

ning, but they were dismissed to make way for Bulgarians. The excavations and embankments were conducted by a regiment of pioneers, and wood and cartage was provided by the inhabitants of the districts traversed. The line has a length of forty-two miles. Bourgas the Bulgarians expect in time to make a naval harbor as well as an important commercial port. The harbor is being enlarged according to the plans of Sir Charles Hartley, an English engineer. The exports of South Bulgarian cereals, which have heretofore gone to Dedeagatch, will be carried much more cheaply and safely by the new route. Manufactures of western Europe, which have been brought till now from Constantinople, paying a double duty, can be imported direct. Near Bourgas, at Anchialo, are salt mines capable of supplying the entire country. osts and Telegraphs.—The state telegraph lines in 1887 had a total length of 2,710 miles. The number of messages in 1887 was 628,525. The number of letters, newspapers, etc., forwarded by the post-office in 1887 was 5,506,822. In 1888 there passed through the mails 861,650 letters, 173,830 postal cards, 83,950 registered letters, 1,720,450 newspapers and other printed matter, and 660,925 official letters and packages. : Treaty Negotiations with Servia. — The Bregovo question was settled by the cession of a piece of land in exchange for the tract of meadow at Bregovo claimed by Bulgaria. The ratifications of this agreement were exchanged at Sofia on Jan. 4, 1889. Negotiations for a commercial treaty between the two countries were entered upon by invitation of the Servian Government in the autumn of 1888. The Bulgarian Government sent delegates to Belgrade, but did not act upon the project of a treaty prepared by the Servian Government until January, when the Servian Minister of Foreign Affairs threatened to withdraw it unless he soon received a reply. The draft treaty proposed by Servia was accepted in principle by Bulgaria, but at the moment when it was to be signed the Servian delegates brought up a fresh question, which led to a rupture of the negotiations. They objected to the admission of Bulgarian cattle into Servia before the conclusion of a veterinary convention. The Bulgarian representatives proposed that, for the sake of reciprocity, Servian cattle should be excluded in like manner from Bulgaria; yet to this proposal the Servians would not listen. In ''." the Bulgarian Government proposed to resume the negotiations and simultaneously to conduct negotiations for a veterinary convention in such manner that both arrangements might be concluded at the same sitting, thus insuring reciprocal treatment. But this solution was not acceptable to the Servians. Politics and Legislation.—The Sobranje, in the last days of the session, which closed on Dec. 30, 1888, passed an act granting complete amnesty for all political crimes committed since Aug. 21, 1886, the day of Prince Alexander's dethronement. Excepted from the benefits of the act were Bendereff, Grueff, and Radko Dimitroff, the originators of that Prince's expulsion, and the instigators of the insurrections in Rustchuk, Silistria, Slivno, and Bourgas. At the same time that hundreds of hostile politicians were liberated from jail and as many more returned from Turkey, Russia, Roumania, and Servia to agitate against the Government and that the overthrow of the Austrophile party in Servia furnished an incentive for Zankoffist activity, Prince Ferdinand and his headstrong Prime Minister provided their enemies with material grounds for complaint. The Bulgarian bishops, who are nearly all friends of Russia, accused the Prince of favoring a Roman Catholic propaganda. The Princess Clémentine, who had lately come into the country, brought with her, they said, Jesuits from Rome. The Prince offended the hierarchy by ordering the orthodox clergy to celebrate the festivals of his and his mother's patron saints, although they are not recognized by the Greek Church, and by lodging in the convent at Kalofer, contrary to the religious law, and having Roman Catholic masses said in the convent. When the Holy Synod met in Sofia early in January, the members refused to call on Prince Ferdinand or M. Stambuloff, and voted a set of resolutions embodying their grievances. The Government, offended at this attitude, refused to admit that the assembly was legally constituted, on the ground that two of the members were not qualified to act as bishops under the ecclesiastical law, and accordingly declined to hold official relations with the synod, and directed the bishops to return to their dioceses. The prelates paid no attention to this order, communicated to them by the Minister of Public Worship, whereupon, on Jan. 11, they were conducted by a military guard to their homes. The bishops acted under instructions from the Bulgarian exarch at Constantinople, who is an instrument of the Russian ambassador. Sixty prominent laymen, not all of them Zankoffists, signed a memorial addressed to the head of the Bulgarian Church, entreating him to intervene and demand reparation or exact penalties for the attack upon ecclesiastical liberties. For this forty of the signers were arrested on the night of Feb. 5 and placed under heavy bail, while warrants were issued against the others. Among those arrested were the banker Geshoff and four other ex-ministers—Burinoff, Balabanoff, Molloff, and Pomeroff—Groseff, President of the Zaribrod-Vakarel Railroad, Slaveikoff, ex-Mayor of Sofia, and other distinguished men. Stambuloff petitioned the Greek Patriarch to restrain the exarch, although the independence of the Bulgarian exarchate is one of the dearly prized national rights, and when the Phanar refused to interfere, he threatened to depose the exarch, and transfer the exarchate to Sofia. The bishops decided to suppress the regular prayer for the Prince in the churches, but the inferior clergy generally obeyed the contrary order of the Government. The ecclesiastical conflict was not formally terminated till April, when, at the desire of the exarch, some of the bishops issued circulars enjoining the clergy to offer up prayers for Prince Ferdinand. In January, the Prime Minister became involved also in a quarrel with the general staff of the army. The officers objected to the control exercised over them by Stambuloff and his brother-in-law Col. Mutkuroff, the Minister of War, and requested that their duties should be better defined and that they might have more direct relations with the Prince, their comvol. xxix.-7 A

mander-in-chief. They were informed that if they did not like their position they might resign their appointments and go back to their regiments, which all except the chief of staff, Major Petroff, accordingly did. About the same time the Prince raised over his Konak a flag that was not the national standard—a golden lion on a red shield—but a combination of the Bulgarian symbols and the Coburg colors. The sight of this new emblem caused such indignation that the ministers persuaded the Prince to restore the tricolor. For nearly three months after the return of the refugees, the Russophiles refrained from openly attacking the Government. On the last day of March a newspaper called the “Rhodope” made its appearance in Philippopolis, promising victory to the people with the help of Russia in their fight with the Government. The friends of the Government in the town seized and publicly burned the o of the newspaper that they could find. The rest of the edition was confiscated by the authorities, and the editor was escorted across the frontier. Zankoff, from St. Petersburg, published an interview that he had with the Czar, who said that he was painfully moved by Prince Ferdinand's persecutions of the Orthodox Church, and that he hoped that the Bulgarians would drive out that unlawful Prince. Subsequently Zankoff established himself in Belgrade, where he gathered about him a knot of Bulgarian revolutionists who encouraged the Panslavist party that was organized in Eastern Roumelia, and, in conjunction with Servian associates, hatched plots against Prince Alexander. The Servian press poured out a torrent of abuse upon Prince Ferdinand and the Bulgarians, and the Servian Regents, acting under Russian influence, broke off the treaty negotiations abruptly, assumed an aggressive tone, inspired the press to threaten a war of revenge, recalled the Servian minister at Belgrade, who had been instructed by King Milan to attend Prince Ferdinand's receptions, sending a new agent who was directed to bold no intercourse with the Prince, and finally armed the third ban or Landwehr under the hollow |..." of putting down brigandage. Stamuloff replied to these menaces with counterarmaments, and in communiqués to the press hinted that in the event of another war the Bularians would not stop at Pirot. Through ZanÉ. and afterward through the Russian ambassador at Constantinople, the Russian Government made overtures to Prince Ferdinand, promising that if he would retire Russia would cause no difficulties and refrain from all interference in the internal affairs of Bulgaria. The Bulgarian Prince and his minister both condemned the proposal, reminding its authors that similar assurances given as the price of Prince Alexander's abdication had not been carried out in the event. The morganatic marriage of Prince Alexander at Mentone, on Feb. 6, to Johanna Loisinger, a singer in the Darmstadt theatre (she died in childbirth, Nov. 7), seemed to clear the way for the Russians, who had no more fear of the return of the former Prince. In August, the Czar took the extraordinary step of conferring a commander's cross of the order of St. Stanislas on Capt. Grueff, the chief ab

ductor of Prince Alexander, who has since lived Postal Convention with Turkey.-Turkish in Russia and organized the conspiracies of Bour- and Bulgarian delegates signed a postal convengas, Silistria, and Rustchuk for the overthrow of tion on April 29. The Ottoman Government the Bulgarian Government. The Bulgarian au- agreed to satisfactory postal and telegraphic conthorities, in order to diminish the danger of the nections, and withdrew the annoying refusal to plottings of banished conspirators in communi- recognize Bulgarian stamps on letters mailed cation with malcontents at home, issued a de- from places in Eastern Roumelia. The Turkish cree requiring caution-money from Bulgarians officials often lacked the geographical and lingoing abroad. Ex - Ministers Radoslavoff and guistic knowledge that would enable them to Ivantchoff, chiefs

of the regular Opposition and distinguish such letters, and therefore the order probable successors of the Stambuloff minis- to charge double postage on South Bulgarian try, published in their newspaper, the “ Narodni letters as though they bore no stamps was not Prava," a telegram sent to Prince Ferdinand, universally observed. "The Porte, in recognizing complaining of compulsion put upon voters by Bulgarian postage stamps as valid in South BulStambuloff's officials during the last elections. garia, performed an act of neighborly good will For this they were tried and condemned on without yielding its reservations on the political April 8 to a year's imprisonment for libeling question of the amalgamation of the two Bulthe Premier and insulting the sovereign, but ap- garias. On this account the convention was conpealed from the decision of the court. In Au- cluded without any official formalities. gust, the semi-official “ Plodiv” in Philippop Suppression of Brigandage.-Brigandage olis, raised the question of the proclamation of has been stamped out except on the Macedonian Bulgarian independence, and committees were frontier, where the robbers have been able to esformed to work for this end and for the formal cape the pursuit of the Bulgarian military and recognition of Prince Ferdinand by the powers. obtain refuge and succor from their friends in From London and Vienna Stambuloff received the Turkish dominions. Recently the Turkish remonstrances against this perilous movement, authorities have loyally co-operated with the and in consequence he disavowed the committees * Bulgarians. In the early months of 1889 they and put a stop to the agitation. The Bulgarian conducted a systematic hunt, and broke up a Government made earnest representations to the band nearly every week. At Serres, a band led Porte to induce it to recognize Prince Ferdi- by the dangerous outlaw Ilia was destroyed, and nand, an object that has the moral support of Dear Drama a larger company containing some the English and Austrian governments, but is of the robbers who had captured the railroad firmly resisted by Russia. Count Kálnoky at officials at Bellova. In the same district a troop first disapproved the intention which the Porte of twenty-seven individuals was surrounded and is said to have formed to issue a circular note to captured. The Rilo band, which carried on its the powers, inviting them to concur in the union depredations in the vicinity of Bellova, was of Bulgaria with Eastern Roumelia and in the broken up by the Bulgarian authorities, but not formal recognition of Prince Ferdinand. After before they had threatened to expel the monks the Servian elections, however, the Austrian of- of Rilo, who sheltered the bandits, and to tear ficial press urged the Porte to persevere in its down their monastery. Five robbers, of whom purpose. Prince Ferdinand left Bulgaria in Oc- four were brothers, were sentenced to death by tober, taking the unusual step of nominating a court-martial, and two to imprisonment. These Stambuloff as Regent, as though he might not men pretended to be working in the interest of return. He was at Munich during the Czar's Russia. Two noted robbers-Yako and Omervisit in Berlin, and Prince Bismarck is said to the latter a Mohammedan, were captured on have made overtures to the Czar for a meeting Turkish soil, and handed over to be tried by and reconciliation with the Prince, but without court-martial for crimes committed in Bulgaria. success. While Ferdinand was absent, Prince Several young men of the town of Dupnitza were Dolgorukoff appeared in Sofia; and attempted taken by the gendarmes as they were about to with lavish use of money to organize a revolu- seek the Turkish frontier to recruit the band of tionary movement, but was expelled.

the robber chief Kosta Gurdshuklia.

C CALIFORNIA, a Pacific-coast State, ad- State Engineer, William H. Hall; Railroad Committed to the Union in 1850; area, 158,360 missioners, A. Abbott, P.J. White, J. W. Rea; square miles; population, according to the last Insurance Commissioner, J. N. E. Wilson; Chief decennial census (1880), 864,694; capital, Sacra- Justice of the Supreme Court, W. H. Beatty; mento.

Associate Justices, J. D. Thornton, John D. Government.-The following were the State Works; J. R. Sharpstein, Jackson Temple, (who officers during the year: Governor, R. W. Water resigned in May, and was succeeded on June 25 man, Republican; Lieutenant-Governor ex offi- by Charles N. Fox, by appointment of the Govcio, Stephen M. White, President pro tem, of the ernor), A. Van R. Patterson, T. B. McFarland. Senate; Secretary of State, W. C. Hendricks; Finances.— The State Treasurer reports a balComptroller, John P. Dunn; Treasurer, Adam ance in the treasury on July 1, 1886, of $1,103,Herold; Attorney-General, George A. Johnson ; 680.87: the total receipts for the year ensuing Surveyor-General, Theodore Reichert ; Superin- were $5,454,419.97, and the total expenditures tendent of Public Instruction, Ira G. Hoitt; for the same time $5,243,430.89, leaving a bal




ance on July 1, 1887, of $1,314,669.95. For the as follows: General fund, 49 cents 2 mills ; year ending July 1, 1888, the total receipts were school, 19 cents 3 mills; Grammar-School Course, $7,194,693.59, and the total expenditures $6,962,- 7 mills; interest and sinking fund, 2 cents; uni929.29, leaving a balance of $1,546,434.25. Á versity tax, 1 cent; total, 72 cents 2 mills. large part of the total receipts is derived from The rate for 1888 was 50 cents and 2 mills, the following sources: From the tax on property the increase being due to the fact that the runfor the year ending July 1, 1887, $4,064,938.37; ning expenses of the Government will be $2,000,for the year ending July 1, 1888, $5,134,103.75; 000 more this year than last. For 1887 the rate from the $2 poll-tax for the former year, $305,- was 60 cents 8 mills. 643.23; for the latter year, $316,744.02; from Legislative Session. — The twenty-eighth the sale of school lands for the former year, legislative session began on Jan. 7 and ended on $133,828.56; for the latter year, $229,951.98; March 16. Both branches were controlled by the from the rent of wharves, tolls, etc., in San Fran- Democrats. It made provision for a new board cisco harbor, $258,527.18, and $274,819.91 in of Supreme Court commissioners, to assume the each year respectively. Among the expenditures duties of the present board when its term of for the two years are the following:

office shall expire. The new board will consist of five members, to be chosen by the Supreme

Court, holding office for four years, with a salary Legislative Department

equal to that of the judges. An act was passed

$215,675 87 Judicial Department.

228 178 85 $229,697 13 requiring proper drainage and ventilation in National Guard expenses

69,121 20 127,491 34 work-shops, factories, and mercantile establishSan Francisco harbor improvements

ments, that they shall be otherwise suitable and

180,912 88 237,989 29 Deaf, Dumb, and Brind Asylum.. 53,987 85 52,585 16

healthful for employés, and that seats shall be Adult blind

24,486 98 79,445 23 furnished for the use of woman employés. The Insane Asylum at Stockton .. 199,824 85 Insane Asylum at Napa

200,688 23 Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics

174,482 64 210,026 89 Asylum for ebronie insane.

154,412 78 80,102 19

is charged with the duty of enforcing this act, and Home for feeble-minded children. 7,860 56 40,018 57 his powers and compensation are increased proTransportation of insane....

82,120 11 26.094 30 portionately. Another act provides that no perState Prison at San Quentin.. 199,924 85 420,478 06 State Prison at Folsom

135,535 49 107,920 82

son under eighteen years of age shall be employed Transportation of prisoners

28,699 36 20,528 71 more than ten hours a day, or sixty hours a week, Orphans, half orphans, and aban

in any mannfacturing, mechanical, or mercantile doned children

281,266 44 230,914 75 establishment, and that no child under ten years Aged and indigent

178,148 89 Veterans' Home

9,668 95 27,271 21 shall ever be employed in such establishments. State University

135,746 35 820,813 84 An amendment to the State Constitution was State Normal School, San José 86,797 07 State Normal Sehool, Los Angeles. 24,525 77 19,060 16 proposed enabling cities having fewer than Support of common schools... 1,982,442 18 2,180,160 27 100,000 and more than 3,500 inhabitants to frame

their own charters, subject to the approval of the The condition of the various funds held by Legislature upon each of them as a whole. Cities the State, to which the receipts accrue, and from of more than 100,000 inhabitants already have which the expenditures are made, is as follows: such power. A new law for the government of General fund-balance on July 1, 1886, $62,- State prisons provides for a board of five direct247.51; receipts for year ensuing, $2,347,668; ors, appointed by the Governor and holding office expenditures, $2,338,190.54; balance on July 1, for ten years, who shall have the control of pris1887, $71,724.97; receipts for year ending July ons of the State. It shall appoint all prison 1, 1888, $3,281,471.72; expenditures, $2,853,383.- officials, and determine the number and salary 89; balance on July 1, 1888, $499,812.80. School of their subordinates, audit all claims for supfund—balance on July 1, 1886, $358,103.73; re- plies and services at the prison, and make annual ceipts for year ensuing, $1,892,737.87; expendi- reports to the Governor. At least three of the tures, $1,983,408.16; balance on July 1, 1887, directors shall visit the prison once each month, $267,433.44; receipts for year ending July 1, and carefully inspect the management. All con1888, $2,209,050.32; expenditures, $2,198,541.81; tracts for supplies shall be made by the board, balance on July 1, 1888, $277,941.95. Interest who shall advertise for proposals and let to the and sinking fund—balance on July 1, 1886, lowest bidder, if the price is fair. All work of $229,019.53; receipts for year ensuing, $418,582.- convicts shall be on the account of the State, and 66; expenditures, $179,380; balance on July at the San Quentin prison no articles shall_be 1, 1887, $468,222.19; receipts for year ending manufactured for sale except jute fabrics. For July 1, 1888, $195,913.30; expenditures, $420,- good behavior a deduction may be allowed in the 630; balance on July 1, 1888, $243,505.49. term of imprisonment of two months in each of

The State debt remains unchanged, consisting the first two years, four months in each of the of $2,698,000 bonds of 1873 bearing 6 per cent. next two years, and five months each year thereinterest and due in 1893. These are held by the after. The Governor, under his authority to State in trust for its school and university funds. veto separate items of appropriation bills, cut off There are also $5,500 of earlier bonds yet unpaid, the annual appropriation for the State Board of on which interest has ceased. The balance in Silk Culture, on the ground that the board had the sinking fund, $243,505.49, is entirely insuffi- accomplished nothing during its existence of cient to meet this debt at maturity.

four years, and that, under present conditions, For 1889 the total assessed valuation of the California could not hope to compete with the State was fixed by the State Board of Equaliza- cheap labor of India and China in silk production at $1,102,059,276, against $1,064,802,225 for tion. A bill proposing to introduce the Aus1888. The same board established the tax rate tralian ballot system was debated, but failed to for 1889 at 72 cents 2 mills on $100, distributed pass both houses.

The legislation includes an unusual number of acts establishing new institutions. The sum of $350,000 was appropriated for constructing a new asylum in Southern California, to be known as the South California State Hospital for the Insane. Another asylum was established at Ukiah, Mendocino County, to be called the Mendicino Insane Asylum ; and provision was made for the levy of a special tax to raise $175,000 in each of the years 1890 and 1891 for the purchase of land and for building. At Ione City, Amador County, was established the Preston School of Industry for Youthful Criminals, and $160,000 was appropriated for land and buildings. At Los Angeles the State Reform School for Juvenile Offenders was established, with a construction fund of $200,000. The sum of $170,000 was appropriated for a site and buildings for the California Home for FeebleMinded Children. Other appropriations were as follow: For completing the Normal School buildings at Chico, $40,000; for erecting buildings at the State Home for the Adult Blind, $155,000; for additional buildings at the Hosital for the Chronic Insane at Agnew's, $205,§. for building and furnishing the Home for Soldiers' Widows and Orphans and Army Nurses, $25,000; for constructing two infirmaries at the Napa Asylum for the Insane, $28,000; for buildings at the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Asylum, $79,500; for improvements in and about the State Capitol, $63,370. The total amount to be raised by taxation of property was fixed for 1889 as follows: For the General fund, $4,822,970; for the School fund, $1,893,500; for the Grammar-School Course fund, $75,000; for the Interest and Sinking fund, $200,000. For 1890 the general fund levy is $3,199,040; the figures for the other funds are the same, and for the special Mendocino Insane Asylum fund, $175,000 is added. Other acts of the session are collected below.

Changing the time for the meeting of presidential electors to the second Monday of January. . [But this conflicts with the Constitution of the United States.— Editor.] Enlarging the duties of the State Board of Horticulture, an . annual reports. Punishing seduction under promise of marriage by imprisonment for not more than five years, or by a fine of not more than $5,000, or both. A subsequent marriage of the parties is a bar to prosecution for the offense. Providing for changing the boundaries of irrigation districts. Imposing a penalty for fraudulently obtaining registration of cattle or other animals. - Directing the Surveyor-General to direct and establish by survey the eastern boundary of the State, near Lake Tahoe, adjoining Nevada, and inviting the cooperation of the latter State. Declaring that any person who obtains food or accommodation at an inn, or boarding-house without paying therefor, with intent to defraud the proprietor or manager thereof, or who obtains credit at an inn or boarding-house by the use of any false pretense, or who, after obtaining credit or accommodation, absconds and removes his baggage, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Adding the 9th day of September to the list of legal holidays. Providing that streams not navigable may be de‘. public highways for the floating of logs and tlinber.

Allowing towns, cities, or counties to establish a fund to provide pensions or benefits for the relief of aged, infirm, or disabled firemen.

Creating the county of Orange out of the southeastern part of Los Angeles County.

Authorizing the Governor to proceed with an investigation of the State Prison authorities, at the expense of the State.

oi. cities and counties of the management of their public parks, by providing that all local boards of park commissioners in such places shall

i. appointed by the Governor, and regulating their uties. Amending and revising the public-school law. Providing for the burial at public expense of exUnion soldiers, sailors, and marines, if they die without means to defray such expenses. Granting to the United States certain tide-lands in Humboldt Bay to enable the Government to construct a breakwater and otherwise to improve the bay. Imposing a penalty for the capture or destruction of blue crane, and for destroying the visit of any white or blue crane. Providing for the appointment, in any county where it is deemed advisable by the county authorities, of a sheep commissioner, who shall seek to prevent or eradicate contagious diseases among sheep. Raising the age of consent in girls from ten to fourteen years. Appropriating $100,000 to be used as a fund for the purchase of jute for the State prisons, said fund to be maintained by reimbursement out of the proceeds of the sale of manufactured goods. Appropriating $2,000 to enable the fish commissioners to import into the State, and to distribute for purposes of propagation, certain game birds, and providing a penalty for destroying such birds. Establishing a Board of Harbor Commissioners for the Bay of San Diego, and giving it control of the harbor, wharves, and shipping of ão bay. Providing for publication by the State of an elementary book on civil government, to be used in the common schools in connection with other text-books heretofore issued by the State. Providing for the formation of reclamation districts, for the purpose of reclaiming large tracts of swamp or overflowed land. Authorizing the creation of bonded indebtedness by counties. Imposing a penalty for furnishing intoxicating liquor to any person who is addicted to the inordinate use of such liquors, provided the person furnishing the liquor has been notified of the intemperate habits of the other. To enable incorporated cities and towns to ac$. maintain, and improve public parks and boulevarols. Authorizing the State Board of Health to declare a quarantine against the entry of domestic animals from localities where contagious diseases exist. Organizing the National Guard of the State into six brigades, each commanded by a brigadier-general. Appropriating $20,000 for the erection at San Quentin State Prison of a building for the criminal insance. Providing for a commission to examine the rivers and harbors of the State, and to report plans for rectifying and improving them. Granting charters to the cities of Los Angeles, Oakland, Stockton, and San Diego. Assenting to the act of Congress establishing agricultural experiment stations in the several States, and designating the State University as the benefiClar v. Recognizing the Veteran's Home at Yountville as a State home for disabled veterans, and designating it as beneficiary under the act of Congress providing aid for such homes.

Education.—For the school years ending in 1887 and 1888 the Superintendent of Public In

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