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Gifts of $267 had been received for the Tract fund, and $594 worth of tracts had been granted in answer to applicants. A book on “Conditional Immortality,” by a Congregational minister, had been accepted for publication. Five periodicals —for general reading, young people, and Sundayschools—were published under the direction of the society, and an appropriation had been made to aid in establishing a new paper in the West. The association directed that two publication societies be established, one in the East and one in the West, to be sovereign in the management of their affairs. Resolutions o by the association, besides expressing the belief that the jeople of the body had been called out by the ord to give the world the special message of his coming to jo and insisting on the inportance of organization for that purpose, urged ministers, missionarioes, and evangelists to form church and conference organizations at all suitable places in the new fields in which they may labor. The collection of a mission fund was advised for sending missionaries throughout the United States, and to England, Australia, Ireland, Canada, Nova Scotia, and other places open for missionary work. A committee was appointed to further the preparation and publication of a book of standard and substantial merit on the subject of the near and personal second coming of Jesus Christ. Provision was made for the preparation of a denominational register, giving the names and statistics of ministers, churches, Sunday-schools, and member
ship. Argh ANISTAN. a monarchy in Central Asia, between Russian Turkistan and British India. The present ruler is Abdurrahman Khan. Ameer of Cabul, who receives a subsidy from the Indian Government and is under a treaty obligation to follow the Viceroy's advice in his dealings with foreign powers, the Calcutta Government being bound in turn to aid in the defense of his frontiers against unprovoked foreign aggression. Revolution in Afghan Turkistan. — The Ameer, with the help of British money and munitions of war, strengthened his power by overcoming, before the winter of 1888–89, a formidable rebellion in the northern part of his dominions. Ishak Khan, who had reconquered Afghan Turkistan and for many years administered it on a semi-independent footing, took advantage of his cousin's troubles with the revolted Shinwarris and Ghilzais to renounce his allegiance and rebel against Abdurrahman, in the hope of seizing the throne of Cabul, which his father had once occupied. Gholam Haider Khan, deputy commander-in-chief of the Ameer's forces, a most successful general, who had commanded in the operations against the rebel Ghilzais, marched rapidly into Turkistan with an overwhelming force, before the revolution was well organized. The armies met in pitched battle, and Ishak was defeated and his troops dispersed with great slaughter. Gholam Haider was apointed Governor-General of Afghan Turkistan. n January Ishak Khan fled with his followers across the Amu Darya, and took refuge with the Russians. The Uzbeck Sultan, Murad Khan, who took part in the revolution, crossed into Bokhara, with 3,000 families of Afghan Uzbecks, who were settled on the lands of the Ameer of Bokhara,
the refugee Sultan and his fighting men entering the Bokharan service. After the suppression of the rebellion, Gholam Haider Khan withdrew the main body of the troops to engage in a campaign against the insurgent Shinwarris, while Abdurrahman went to Turkistan to establish his rule by measures of vengeance and terror. The Russians accused Abdurrahman of endeavoring to extend his influence beyond the boundary fixed by international agreement, suspecting him of an intention to pursue his fugitive subjects into Bokhara, or of wishing to inveigle the Bokharan Ameer into a secret alliance against Russia, or of intriguing with the Russophobe party in Bokhara and exciting the fanaticism of the Mollahs against the Christians. Great excitement was produced in Bokhara by the wholesale execution of friends and relatives over the border, and there was danger of a collision with the troops of Abdurrahman. A concentration of Russian troops was ordered. The Muscovite force in Turkistan amounted, in the early months of 1889, to 17 battalions of infantry, 14 squadrons of Cossack troopers, a brigade of artillery, and 5 batteries of guns. A large Russian garrison was posted at Kerki, and a road and a telegraph were constructed to connect that fortress with Chardjui, steamboat communication having proved unsafe. The advanced guard at Kerki was placed under the command of Gen. Christianin. Gen. Komaroff, commander-in-chief, removed his headquarters to Chardjui. Abdurrahman remained at Mazar-i-Sherif throughout the year. On his arrival at that place he broke off commercial relations with Russia and strengthened the frontier posts. His military force consisted of from 12,000 to 15,000 troops armed with breech-loaders. Those partisans of Ishak Khan who did not escape into Bokharan or Russian territory were executed at the rate of 300 a day. The Russians received Ishak Khan with honor, and gave him a residence at Samarcand and a liberal pension, with lodging and support for 500 followers. The adherents of Ishak Khan continued through the spring to emigrate by thousands, to escape the Ameer's vengeance. In attempting to impose his rule in Badakshan, especially by enrolling the young men in his army, Abdurrahman provoked a rebellion in the summer. The insurgents imprisoned the Ameer's officials. Regular troops were sent against them from Mazar-i-Sherif, and re-enforcements were brought from Cabul. The rebels, with their primitive weapons, could not stand up before breech-loading rifles, and in a month the province was reduced to subjection. The Russian Transcaspian Railway.—The great strategic railroad skirting the borders of Persia and Afghanistan, binding the Central Asian Khanates to Russia, is said to be already a success in a commercial sense, as well as for military purposes. Not only are troops, officials, and tourists being conveyed along its line, but there is also a considerable movement of merchandise. It is largely used as a trade route between India and Central Asia, and the principal traders of Central Europe and Asiatic countries, including Afghanistan and Persia, are joining in a combination to develop trade along the line of the railroad, which offers to reward them by placing the freight tariffs for them very low. Afghanistan has been accorded the same favor
able terms that were previously given to Persia. his discretion. This Legislature granted also a Gen. Annenkoff has proposed to extend the rail- much-needed increase of appropriation for the road from Samarcand, the present terminus, to support of the public schools, by which the anTashkend. He has also urged the Government nual State expenditure for this purpose will be to acquire possession of the Transcaspian oil. $350,000, instead of $250,000. The sum of fields, in order to insure the railroad a supply of $50,000 was appropriated to complete and equip naphtha, the only available fuel, of which 1,500,- the building of the Agricultural and Mechanical 000 poods were required for the year 1889; other- College; $11,600 for an additional building at wise he fears that the prices will be artificially the Alabama Academy for the Blind, and $20,000 advanced by a combination of well-owners, and for repairing and furnishing the Capitol building that, through natural causes, they will rise in- and improving the grounds. A mechanical and conveniently when the pipe-line shall have been industrial department was established at the laid between Baku and Batoum.
Alabama Institute for the Deaf, and $5,000 was ALABAMA, a Southern State, admitted to appropriated for a building, The act of Feb. the Union in 1819 ; area, 50,722 square miles; 22, 1887, authorizing the Governor to issue and population, according to the last decennial cen- sell bonds not exceeding. $954,000, bearing not sus (1880), 1,262,505; capital, Montgomery. over 3 per cent. interest, in order to raise money
Government. The following were the State to pay that part of the State debt accruing in officers during the year: Governor, Thomas Seay, 1890, was amended so as to allow the issue of Democrat; Secretary of State, Charles C. Lang- 4-per-cent. bonds to the same amount. The don, who died on June 8, and was succeeded by number of legal holidays was increased by addJ. D. Barron, appointed by the Governor ; Treas- ing the 26th of April, Good Friday, and Mardi urer, John L. Cobbs; Auditor, Cyrus D. Hogue; Gras. It was made punishable by fine to present Attorney - General, Thomas N. McClellan, who fire-arms, whether loaded or unloaded, at anresigned on March 6, and was succeeded on other. It was declared unlawful for any person March 18 by William L. Martin, appointed by or persons, whether uniformed or not, to be asthe Governor ; Superintendent of Public In- sociated or assembled together under any name struction, Solomon Palmer; Commissioner of in a military capacity for the purpose of paradAgriculture, Rufus F. Kolb; Railroad Commis- ing, drilling, or marching, or otherwise taking sioners, Henry R. Shorter, Levi W. Lawler, W. up and bearing arms, unless permitted by law C. Tunstall; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, or by leave of the Governor; but this act does George W. Stone; Associate Justices, David Clop- not apply to schools for military tactics or ton and H. M. Somerville. The Legislature of to certain benevolent orders named in the act. this year made provision for a fourth justice of Whenever any mob, riot, or tumult occurs in the Supreme Court, and the Governor, on March, any city, village, or town, all persons therein 7, appointed Attorney-General McClellan. who sell intoxicating liquors, arms, ammunition,
Finances. --The balance in the State treasury dynamite, or other explosives, shall at once close on Jan. 1 of this year was $153,373.46, of which their places of business and keep them closed $100,098.49 was available for general revenue and refrain from selling till the local authorities purposes. On Oct. 1 preceding the balance was publicly announce that they may be opened. A over $555,000. The latter figures represent more forfeiture of the license to sell and a heavy fine nearly the average surplus for the year. The or imprisonment are the penalties for violating bonded debt consists of $7,721,300 in 4-per-cent. this act. Certain local officers and the commandbonds, $539,000 in 5-per-cent. bonds, and $954,- ing officer of the State troops when called out 000 in 6-per-cent bonds, in all $9,214,300. The for duty are required to issue orders closing Governor is authorized to redeem the 6-per-cent. such shops and saloons, when there is reason to bonds on Jan. 1, 1890, when they first become apprehend trouble or an outbreak has occurred. redeemable, and to issue 4-per-cent. bonds to the Selling liquor to State troops on duty without same amount.
leave of the commander is severely punished. Legislative Session.—The Legislature met The board of prison inspectors is required to in regular biennial session on Nov. 13, 1888, adopt rules that will prevent inhuman treatand adjourned on Feb. 28, having taken a ment of State and county convicts, and to regumonth's recess, which ended on Jan. 29. Early late the time, amount, and manner of working in the session United States Senator John T. them. The sum of $50,000 was appropriated Morgan, Democrat, was re-elected without op- for the relief of disabled Confederate soldiers position for the term beginning March 4, 1889. and the widows of those killed in the late war, Fully five sixths of the legislation was local and the manner of its distribution was preand special. The Supreme Court was enlarged scribed. Other acts of the session were as follows: from three to four members, and provision was made for calling in a member of the bar to sit members which shall have control of the criminal in
Providing for a commission of lunacy of three with the judges in any
case where they are equally sane, and regulating the trial and care of such persons. divided in opinion. "The drummers' license tax, declared by the United States Supreme Court to Tenth Judicial District.
Creating an additional judicial district, called the be unconstitutional, so far as levied upon non Authorizing corporations to alter and amend their residents coming into the State, was repealed. charters, An evidence of the improved financial condition
Permitting building and loan associations to inof the State is found in the reduction of the crease their capital stock. tax rate from 5 mills to 4.5 mills for 1890, and sold for taxes prior to 1881 to the existing owners of
Releasing any claim now held by the State to lands to 4 mills for 1891. To prevent any deficiency such lands. caused by this reduction, the Governor was au To authorize the separate redemption of distinct thorized to borrow not more than $100,000, in parcels of land sold for taxes under one decree.
Providing that persons who have paid taxes more than once on the same property in the same year may have the excess so paid refunded by the State or county upon proof thereof before a judge of probate, and upon obtaining from such judge a certificate of the amount so overpaid. To authorize the taking outside the State and erpetuating the testimony of non-residents of the State. Authorizing the Governor to issue patents to purchasers of swamp or overflowed land or lands in lieu of the same, which have been or may be patented to the State upon satisfactory proof that such lands have been fully paid for. Appropriating $22,500 for the expenses of the encampment of the State troops for 18S9 and 1890. Providing that all deeds or conveyances of any kind not filed and recorded within the time prescribed by law, may be filed and recorded within two years from the date of this act, and such record shall be valid notice as against all but existing bona-fide creditors and purchasers without actual notice of such deed. Authorizing members of the various farmers’ alliances and other similar organizations to form thernselves into a body corporate. To enable planters, farmers, and crop-growers to mortgage unplanted crops. Providing a penalty of $25 and upward for selling any pool or ticket or other device, or wagering any: thing upon any horse-race, prize-fight, drill, base-ball game, or other contest occurring outside the State, or for acting as agent of any one in procuring or placing outside the State an pool, ticket, or other device or wager, and giving the mayor of each city and incorporated town concurrent jurisdiction with the courts over offenses against this act occurring in the county in which said city or town is situated, and giving the police of such city or town authority to make arrests within five miles of such city or town. To provide for the sale of |...}. of minors in order to remove the proceeds from the State. Authorizing the vernor to convey title to the United States of lands needed by the latter for lighthouses, or other aids to navigation, the State retaining concurrent jurisdiction for legal purposes over such lands. To regulate the survey and division of lands into town lots, and requiring such surveys to be recorded in the office of the judge of probate before sales of such lots are made. A fine is imposed for selling lots without complying with this act. Providing that if the owner of any judgment or decree rendered by a court of record for the payment of money shall file, in the office of the judge of probate, a certificate of the clerk of said court reciting the nature of such judgment or decree, the same shall be a lien for ten years on all land of the defendant in said county and shall be notice to all persons of the existence of the lien. Defining a lawful fence. Punishing embezzlement in the same manner as larceny. Permitting the State health officer to modify the restrictions of all quarantines established by county and municipal authorities when such appear to be too severe or too lax. Authorizing private business corporations incorporated under the laws of this State to hold meetings and do corporate acts in other States. Declaring it unlawful to employ female clerks in stores without providing accommodations for sitting down and resting and allowing them to do so when not otherwise employed. A fine of not less than ten dollars is io for violating this act. Permitting the issue of preferred stock by corporations organized under the general laws. To enable heirs and distributees to perpetuate testimony to show that they are such. Permitting the codification every ten years of the local laws of each county. Providing that railroad corporations of the State
go hold meetings and transact business outside the State. Regulating the public printing of the State, and providing that it shall be done by contract. Assenting to the act of Congress of March 2, 1887, providing for the establishment of agricultural experiinent stations in the States. Incorporating the cities of Fort Payne, in De Kalb County, and Jenifer, in Talladega County. Providing for local option in Covington and Geneva Counties. Providing that the widow or minor children shall not forfeit to the claims of heirs or creditors any homestead estate set off to them by their removal therefrom, if they still reside in the State or are only temporarily absent therefrom. Requiring county tax-assessors to make a list of all lands in their county, and the owners, and to file the same for public inspection in the office of the judge of probate.
Education.—The report of the State Super
intendent of Education for the year ending Sept. 30, 1888, presents the following statistics. Outside of 14 separate school districts, in which are included the larger cities, there were taught during the year 3,744 schools for white, and 1,958 for colored children. The total number of white pupils enrolled in these schools was 159,671, and of colored pupils 98.919. The average daily attendance of white children was 98.675, of colored children 66,424. The white schools were taught 68.9 days on an average, and the colored schools 67.4 days. There were employed 2,368 male and 1,350 female teachers in the white schools, and 1,290 males and 585 females in the colored schools. There was an average of 41 pupils to each teacher of white children, and 49 p"| to each teacher of colored children.
he average monthly pay of teachers, $22.31, is less than in nearly every other Southern State, and the total available school fund for 1887–'88 amounted to only $539,209.04. The Legislature has this year increased by $100,000 the annual o for school purposes.
he number of pupils enrolled in the separate school districts, and not included in the above figures of enrollment, is as follows: Birmingham, 2,156; Montgomery, 1,543; Selma, 891; Tuscaloosa, 679; Eufaula, 452: Decatur, 411; Huntsville, 520; Troy, 533; Opelika, 289; Brownsville, 249; Cullman, 182; Prattville, 209; Uniontown, 564; total, 8,678. In these districts the sum of $174,183.10 was raised in 1888 by local taxation for support of schools, in addition to the State "Poo
he biennial report of the trustees of the State University for the years ending in June, 1887 and 1888, gives the total number of matriculates for 1886–87 as 212, and for 1887–88, 238. During this period there were 111 graduates. During 1887 the sum of $53,556.11 was received from all sources, and the sum of $53,632.77 disbursed. In 1888 the receipts from all sources were $57,444.54 and the disbursements were $57721.49, leaving a balance on hand, June 16, 1888, of $1,976.06. Many improvements have been made in the past two years. Garland Hall has been built and furnished, water works have been built, two new professors' dwellings have been erected, and the chemical laboratory has been fitted up with the newest and best apparatus to be found.
The normal-school property at Florence consists of thirteen acres and a building worth about $50,000. The annual appropriation of the State has been $7,500. There is a primary department in addition to the normal course. At the begining of this year there were 135 normal pupils at this school, and 121 persons were graduates. The number in attendance during 1887–88 was 218. A State normal school and university for colored students has been located for several years at Marion, in Perry County. The Legislature undertook, in 1887, to establish the Alabama University for colored o: and to use the money heretofore appropriated to this normal school for the use of the new university. This proceeding was declared by the State Supreme Court to be illegal, and the legislature of this year accordingly determined to continue the normal school, abandoning the idea of a university, and to change its location to some place to be chosen by a board of trustees. The sum of $15,000 was appropriated for land and buildings. The normal school at Jacksonville, established in 1883, gave instruction to 176 pupils during 1887–88, at an expense of $5,109.60. At the Livingston Normal College there were, during the same period, 126 pupils; at the Huntsville Normal School, 135 pupils in the normal course and 167 in the model school; at the Tuskegee Normal school, 525 pupils; and at the Troy Normal School 135 pupils in the normal course and 304 in the model school. The school at Troy was established in 1887. All who enjoy the benefits of normal instruction at these institutions are required to sign an obligation to teach for two years at least in the common schools. A bill abolishing the entire normal-school system was debated at length in the General Assembly of this year, and found supporters sufficiently numerous to carry it through the Lower House, but it failed to become a law. Railroads.-The valuation of railroad property, as assessed by the State board for 1889, aggregated $40,163,776.18. This valuation only includes tracks and rolling stock, all other property, real and personal, being assessed in the counties by the tax assessors. The statement shows an increase in valuation over last year of $4,855,918.81. Industrial Development.—The valleys of the Tennessee and the upper Alabama rivers in the northern portion of the State have witnessed in the past few years a wonderful development. Five years ago Birmingham was but little known and gave but little promise of the growth that has marked its history since 1886; Anniston was hardly heard of outside of its own county: Decatur was a country town of probably 1,200 inhabitants: Bessemer had not even been dreamed of by its projector: Sheffield was a corn field : Roanoke numbered fewer than 2,000 |. Florence was a sleepy Southern town, iving on cotton trade alone; and Huntsville was similarly situated. (See Citi Es AMERICAN, REcENT G Rowth of, in “Annual Cyclopædia" for 1888 and 1889.) On the other hand, the central counties of the State, embracing the so-called “black belt.” where agriculture is the leading industry, show a steady decline. Not only are the proprietors of the soil selling their farms or leaving them to tenants, but the negroes are rapidly emigrating.
so that farm laborers are becoming difficult to procure. These emigrants go either to Texas and the West or to Birmingham and other cities of the “mineral belt.” During the present year the negro exodus has been unusually large. Nevertheless, Montgomery and Selma, the two cities of this region, have grown in population.
The southern tier of counties—including Clark, Monroe, Pike. Washington, Butler, Conecuh, Escambia, Covington, and Geneva–constitute the timber belt of the State. The logging and milling industry here flourishes along the streams, which furnish water for floating logs to market or |. for sawing them. For several years both o and milling have proved very profitable, and large quantities of lumber are shipped to the North and to South America and England. The Alabama Midland Railroad, from Aiono, to Bainbridge, Ga., 175 miles, constructed during the year, runs through the eastern portion of this belt.
Immigration.—On Dec. 12, 1888, a convention of nearly 600 delegates from all the Southern States met at Montgomery, under the name of the Southern Interstate Immigration Convention. The presence of the commissioners of immigration and of agriculture from the various Southern States, together with other delegates appointed by the several Governors, gave the convention an official standing. John D. Roquemore, of Montgomery, was chosen tempora president, and P. W. Peeples, of Mississippi, o president. The sessions continued or two days, and after an earnest discussion it was resolved to establish a Southern Interstate Immigration Bureau, “for the purpose of securing added population and capital for the Southern States and Territories, securing uniform freight and immigration rates, the opening of a general office and the establishment of such other offices and agencies, the arranging of fairs and expositions, establishing ports of entry, and the doing of all other things necessary for the development of every State and Territory embraced in the call of this convention.” It was voted to chose an executive committee to consist of a member from each State and Territory, that said executive committee shall elect a general manager, and that said executive committee and general manager shall constitute the Southern Interstate Immigration Bureau. The executive committee chosen by the convention selected B. F. Chilton, of Texas, to be the general manager. A few weeks later he issued an address explaining the proposed work of the bureau, which included not only the dissemination of literature regarding the South, but the establishment of a permanent Southern exposition at some large Southern city and the equipment of a special car containing specimens of Southern products and information regarding lands that may be purchased by intending settlers, this car to visit all the large centers in the North and West. In 1888, Commissioner R. F. Kolb adopted the plan last mentioned, and in a car equipped with Alabama products visited the various cities of the West and Northwest. He claims that as a direct result of this trip, more than 1,000 people and over $1,000,000 of capital have come into the State during the first half of this year.
Farmers' Organizations.--For many years “ Year-Book” for 1888 show that the Church is the “granges” were the only organizations growing in several directions faster than the known to the farmers of the State. They had population is increasing. According to these their season of prosperity, but of late have de- reports, £1,101,000 was spent in church extenclined. In the northern counties there are a sion in 1887; 217,000 persons were confirmed in few agricultural wheels, so-called-semi-political 1888, against 138,000 in 1875, showing an infarmers' clubs, which have attained considerable crease of nearly 58 per cent., or almost four popularity in Arkansas and Tennessee. During times the growth of the population, in thirteen the past three years “ farmers' alliances” have years. Since 1811 the Church has spent for succeeded the "granges" in popularity. They educational purposes £32,000,000, of which £16,have absorbed other local agricultural societies, 750,000 have been expended in the past eighteen and at the beginning of this year had been or years, or since Mr. Forster's Education Act was ganized in 46 of the 66 counties of the State. passed in 1870. In 1878 the established churches There is a central State Alliance, and a State in London gave £17,333 out of a total of £23,Exchange has been established during the year. 681 contributed to the “Hospital Sunday" fund, The efforts of the organization during the year or 73 per cent. of the whole. In 1888 they gave were chiefly directed against the combination £29,686, out of a total of £37,235, or within a known as the Jute Bagging Trust, by which the fraction of 80 per cent. price of the covering for cotton used by farmers The “Year-Book” contains much special inwas increased about 100 per cent. A conference formation concerning the growth of the Church of delegates from alliances in nearly all the in Wales, where the question of disestablishment Southern States met at Birmingham on May 15 is actively agitated. In three out of the four for the purpose of considering this subject, and dioceses in the principality, there are flourishing recommended the farmers to use cotton bagging diocesan Church Extension Societies, which in instead of jute. This recommendation was ap- 1888 contributed and disbursed between three proved by the State Agricultural Society of Ala- and four thousand pounds for that object; and bama at its State convention at Union Springs, in 1887 the amount of money raised locally on July 24 and 25. The annual meeting of the throughout Wales for church building, endowState Farmers' Alliance, at Auburn, on Aug. 9, ments, parsonages, etc., in the four dioceses was took similar action, and on Aug. 21 the South- nearly £80,000. In the ten years ending with ern Interstate Farmers' Association, at its an 1887, 89 churches were built or rebuilt, and 146 nual convention, in Montgomery, strongly urged restored or enlarged; and within a very recent all planters to avoid the use of jute bagging. period accommodation has been provided in the The latter convention, of which L. L. Polk, of form of mission churches and rooms for nearly North Carolina, was president, adopted resolu- 80,000 worshipers. The records of all the diotions advising farmers to insist that no more than ceses show a rapidly growing rate of increase the actual weight of the bagging be taken out from year to year in the number of persons confor tare by purchasers; that they avoid using firmed, amounting in Bangor to 74, and in St. commercial fertilizers; that they secure the David's to 45 per cent., in the triennial totals, in election to office of those who are friendly to the nine years. agricultural interest ; that the acreage of cotton Church Missionary Society.-The meeting be gradually reduced to nearly half its present of the Church Missionary Society was held in amount; and that the area thus released be sown London, April 30. Sir J.' H. Kennaway, M. P., with various grains.
presided. The income of the general fund had Exports.- For the year ending Aug. 30, 1889, been £211,378, or £16,821 more than in the prethe total receipts of cotton at Mobile were 230,- vious year, and £3,602 more than the highest in 680 bales, and the exports 229,184 bales. The any former year. The expenditures had been total export of lumber, 48,284,162 feet, is one £214,383, of which £8,651 had come out of the third larger than in any previous year, and the extension and other similar funds; so that the export of 3,049,440 cubic feet of timber, also regular income account showed a surplus of largely exceeds the record of previous years. £5,666, and a contingency fund of £6,221 had There was a considerable shipment of staves been accumulated. The contributions to special and shingles both to domestic and foreign ports. funds had been £40,638, making the aggregate There were also shipped 66,950 crates of cab- receipts for the year £262,016. The missions bages, valued at $133,900, and 46,508 barrels of returned, so far as reports had been received, potatoes, valued at $111,619. The total value of 299 stations, 356 European missionaries, 286 naall exports to foreign ports was $3,192,997, while tive and Eurasian clergy, 4,556 lay teachers, 186,the imports of foreign goods reached only 956 native Christians, 48,194 communicants, and $153,862.
1,759 mission schools, with 75,125 pupils. A ANGLICAN CHURCHES. Statistics of prominent feature of the year's history of the the Church of England. - The Church of Eng- society at home had been the unusually large land has no systematic means, officially sanc- number of persons who had been accepted as tioned, for registering statistical records of church missionaries without preparation under the sowork. The projectors of the “Official Year- ciety's auspices, they being fully qualified by Book " are able, therefore, only to publish such reason of their previous training. Of them the facts respecting the concerns and growth of the University of Cambridge had sent nine, that of Church as are voluntarily furnished them, Oxford two, Dublin two, London one, and Edinwhether in answer to inquiry or without it. burgh one. Nearly half of the fifty candidates The information and tables contained in that that were accepted were women, and one third work are to a considerable extent fragmentary, of them were to go out to the mission-fields at and largely local. The reports contained in the their own charge.