Gambar halaman

New York. At Cambridge the remaining years of beria, West Africa, in 1831. In the following year his lite were spent, and from him the Theological the Legislature of Marylard appropriated $200,000 School received in great measure the

impress of the for African colonization, and in the autumu sent 'one broad and liberal-minded churchmanship that charac- hundred and thirty-two emigrants to Liberia. In 1833 terizes it. For several years he was looked upon as Dr. Hall returned to Baltimore, having in the mean one of the leaders in the American Episcopal Church time made a thorough exploration of Liberia. On his which in his death lost one of her most loyal adher- favorable report the colonization scheme attained ents. In disposition Dean Gray was very genial and larger proportions. He was successful iu planting a generous, and in quiet, unostentatious ways helped on large colony and ruling it on strict temperance princiin life many a young man who needed intelligent as ples, persuaded the king to establish courts of law, acsistance. He was very generally beloved by those complished the abolition of the ancient custom of with whom he came in contact in the discharge of his forcing people accused of witchcraft to drink poison, many and varied duties, and the circle of his acquaint- and in many ways exerted a beneficial influence over ance was large and ever increasing. For more than a the king. After his final return to the United States, year before his death he had been a sufferer from the African state of Maryland became merged in the Bright's disease, and the winter preceding was spent Republic of Liberia, but retained its American name in Bermuda in search of health. His wife, a mar as Maryland County. ried daughter, and two sons survive him. Besides oc Hamilton, Alexander, lawyer, born in New York city, casional sermons, addresses, and poems, he published about 1814; died in Nevis, Irvington, N. Y., Dec. 30, “ The Children's Crusade; an Episode of the Thir- 1889. He was a grandson of Alexander Hamilton teenth Century" (New York, 1871); " The Scriptural Secretary of the United States Treasury, and son of Doctrine or Recognition in the World to come James Alexander Hamilton, and was educated at the (1875); " Husband and Wife; or the Theory of Mar- United States Military Academy, but did not enter the riage and its Consequences." (Boston, 1885).

army. Soon after his admission to the bar he founded Green, Thomas C., jurist, born in Calpeper, Va., in the law firm of Hamilton and Lyon, which ranked 1820; died in Charleston, W. Va., Dec. 4. 1889. He high among the noted firms of New York for more was graduated at the Law School of the University of than twenty-five years. Excepting a service as secVirginia, and removed to Charlestown to practice. retary of the United States legation at Madrid in He was appointed judge of the Supreme Court to fill a 1848–50, he never held a public office, though tendvacancy in 1875, was elected to fill the remainder of ered several under the State and national governthe term in 1876, and was elected for the long term of ments. In 1870 he retired from practice to his grandfourteen years in 1880. He was the senior judge. father's homestcad, and passed the remainder of his Gross, Samuel Weissel

, physician, born in Cincinnati, life in collecting articles of historical interest. He was Ohio, Feb. 4, 1837 ; died in Philadelphia, Pa., April President of the Knickerbocker Club from its organi16, 1889. He was a son of Prof. Samuel D. Gross, the zation in 1871 till his death, a founder of the Union eminent surgeon, was educated at Shelby College, League Club, and treasurer of the Astor Library. Kentucky, studied medicine and surgery at the Uni Hammill, Samuel McClintock, educator, born in Norversity of Louisville and at Jefferson Medical College, ristown, Pa., July 6, 1812 ; 'died in Trenton, N. J., and settled in Philadelphia to practice. At the begin- Sept. 20, 1889. He was educated in Norristown Acadning of the civil war he was commissioned a sur emy, and became principal of the Lawrenceville (N. geon and major of volunteers, and he served on the J.), high school. He was instrumental in securing field and in hospitals till the close of the war. Sub- the establishment of the New Jersey State Normal scquently, he became one of the surgeons to the Phila- School and the appointment of a State superintendent delphia Hospital, the Howard Hospital, and the Jeff- of education. In 1862 Rutgers College conferred the erson College Hospital, where he was also Professor of degree of D. D. upon him. He was one of the foundChemical and ot Genito-urinary Surgery. He was ers of the New Jersey Historical Society, and was its President of the Philadelphia Pathological Society, of president for many years. the Alumni Association of Jefferson Medical College, Hammond, John, manufacturer, born in Crown Point, and of the Association of American Medical Colleges. N. Y., Aug. 27, 1-27; died there, May 28, 1889. He He aided his father in compiling his "System of Sur was graduated at the Polytechnic Institute in Troy, gery," and was author of technical publications. N. Y., and was a California pioneer in 1849. He en

Gunning: Thomas Brian, dentist, born in London, tered the national army as a private in 1861, was proEngland, in 1814; died in New Brighton, Staten Isl. moted to be a captain in the Fifth New York Cavalry, and, N. Y., Jan. 8, 1889. He came to New York city and during the war was advanced through all the and began studying dentistry in 1840, and carly in his grades to the rank of brigadier-general. After the practice applied himself to the invention of dental and war he was appointed an inspector of State prisons, surgical apparatus. In 1861 he introduced into his serving from 1866 till 1869, and in 1878 and 1880 hé practice the hard-rubber interdental splints for the was elected to Congress from the Eighteenth New treatment of fractured jaws. The use of this inven- York District as a Republican, serving there from tion proved so beneficial in general surgery that in March 19, 1879, till March 3, 1883, and being a memApril, 1865, the surgeons in attendance on William ber of the committees on Manufactures and on Pacitio H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, sent for Railroads. Since 1855 he bad been engaged in the him to treat the double fracture in Mr. Seward's jaw manufacture of iron. caused by a carriage accident and the attempt on his Hanks, John, farmer, born in Kentucky, in 1801 ; life by the Lincoln conspirators. Through Dr. Gun- died near Decatur, m., July 1, 1889. He was a ning's skillful treatment, Mr. Seward was enabled to cousin of Nancy Hanks Lincoln, the President's attend a Cabinet inceting the day following the appli- mother, and from 1822 till 1860 was intimately assocation of the splints. In 1867 he was appointed a ciated with Mr. Lincoln in farming, trading, and member of a commission to select the medical and other pursuits. The two men split rails together on surgical instruments to be displayed in the United Mr. Hanks's property eight miles west of Decatur in States section of the Paris exhibition, and in 1876 he 1830, and in 1831 built near Springfield, Ill., the first inade an interesting exhibit of his inventions at the flat-boat that ever made its way down the Sangamon, Centennial Exhibition. He was author of Physio- Illinois, and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans. Mr. logical Action of the Muscles concerned in the Move- Hanks 'exhibited some rails that Mr. Lincoln had ment of the Lower Jaw” (1867); "The Larynx, the split at the Chicago Convention that nominated him Source of Vocal Sounds" (1874); and " Hard-Rubber for the presidency, and introduced the rail-splitting Appliances for Congenital Cleft Palate" (1878). feature in the ensuing canvass at a barbecue on his

Hall, James, physician, born in Cornish, N. Fl., farm, where he fed 3,000 people. He contributed April 9, 1802, died in Claremont, Md.. Aug. 31, 1989. $7,000 to the campaign expenses of his early associate. He was graduated in medicine at Bowdoin College in Hardenbergh, Augustus A., banker, born in New 1822, and for his health sailed from Baltimore for Li- Brunswick, N. J., May 18, 1830; died in Jersey City,

N. J., Oct. 5, 1889. He was educated at Rutgers Col- City Rifles in 1859. When President Lincoln issued lege.' In 1846 he entered a banker's office in New his first call for volunteers, Col. Hartranit tendered York city, in 1852 became teller of the Hudson Coun- the services of his command, and was on duty at ty Bank, 'Jersey City, in 1858 cashier, and in 1878 Washington for three months. He then accepted an president. He was elected to the Assembly in 1863, appointment on the staff of Gen. William B. FrankState Director of Railroads in 1868, President of the lin, with whom he served in the first Battle of Bull Northern Railroad of New Jersey in 1874, and to Con- Run. In July, 1861, he was commissioned colonel of gress as a Democrat in 1874, 1876, and 1880.

three-year volunteers, and in September organized Harding, William White, publisher, born in Philadel- the Fifty-first Regiment of Pennsylvania trcops. He phia, Pa., Nov. 1, 1830; died there, May 15, 1889. served with Gen. Burnside through his North CaroHe vas a son of Jasper Harding, the publisher and lina campaign, participating in the Battle of Roanoke first editor of the Philadelphia * Inquirer,", and in Island and the attack on Newbern, and afterward 1855 became associated with his father in the “* In- took part in the second Battle of Bull Run and the quirer” and in the manufacture and sale of a popular battles of Chantilly, Antietam, and Fredericksbury. edition of the Bible. In 1859

he succeeded to the sole After the latter battle he was ordered west, and was proprietorship of the joint publication business, and present at Vicksburg, Jackson, Campbell's Station, while taking an active part in its management began and Knoxville, commanding a division at Campbell's to interest himself in local and other business affairs. Station. On the re-enlistment of his regiment as He rendered the Government valuable services dur- veterans, he rejoined it in January, 1864, and soon ing the civil war, carried on the business of manufact- afterward was assigned to the command of the first uring paper from 1863 till 1878, and was an energetic brigade, third division, Ninth Army Corps, with which promoter of the Philadelphia city passenger railroad he took part in the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsystem. Two months before his death he retired sylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Weldon Railfrom the management of his publication business. road, Reams's Station, Poplar Spring Church, Hatch

Harkey, Simeon Walcher, clergy man, born in Iredell er's Run, Fort Steadman, Petersburg, and Richmond. County, N. C., Dec. 3, 1811; died at Knoxville, Ill. He was promoted brigadier-general May 12, 1864, for March 1, 1889. He made his way on foot, with gallantry at Spottsylvania Court-House, and brevetted other students from the South, to Gettysburg, where major-general, March 25, 1865, for meritorious serrhe was graduated in 1834. After his ordination he be- ices during the war. In October, 1865, he was elected came pastor of the Woodsborough parish in Maryland, Auditor-General of Pennsylvania, and in 1868 was rewhence he was called to Frederick. In 1850, he re- elected. In 1872 and 1875, he was elected Governor, moved to Illinois, where he became professor in the and at the close of his secord term was appointed Hillsborough Institute (in 1852 removed to Springfield postmaster of Philadelphia. He held this office till and incorporated as Illinois State University), with July 15, 1880, when he was appointed collector of the the theological department of which he was connected port. Ho pursued a vigorous policy during the great until its suspension in 1807. In the saine year he railroad strikes in July, 1877. and in 1879 he was took charge of the English Mission in St. Louis, Mo., appointed major-general commanding the National but in October, 1869, he was compelled to resign on Guard of Pennsylvania. account of failing health. After resting a few years, Hatch, Edward, soldier, born in Bangor, Me., Dec. he was successively pastor at Washington and Knox- 22, 1832; died in Fort Robinson, Neb., April 11,18%. ville, I. At the latter place, where he spent the Ile was educated at the Norwich Military Academy, last years of his active life, he was successful in re- Vt., hastened to Washington as a volunteer private at claiming, An-gari College, which had been diverted the beginning of the civil war, was for some time on from its lawful ecclesiastical ownership, and re-open- duty at the White House, assisted in raising the & ing it as Knoxville Institute. In 1857 he was elected ond Iowa Cavalry, and was commissioned a captain President of the General Synod. He was in the active in it on Aug. 12, 1861. His promotions were rapid service of the Church fifty-five years. His publica- and brilliantly earned. He became major, Sept. 5; tions in book form are: " Lutheran Sunday-School lieutenant-colonel, Dec. 11; colonel, June 13, 1868; Question-Book” (1838);

"The Church's Best State" brigadier-general, April 27, 1864; brevet major-gen(1843); “Daily-Prayer Book” (1844); " Value of an eral of volunteers for gallantry in the battles before Evangelical Ministry” (1853); and "Justification by Nashville, Dec. 15, 1864 ; and was mustered out of Faith? (1875).

the volunteer service on Jan, 15, 1866. On July Harney, William Selby, soldier, born ncar Haysbor- 1866, he was appointed colonel of the Ninth Coited ough, Davidson County, Tenn., Aug. 27, 1800; died in States Cavalry, and on March 2, 1867, was brevetted Orlando, Fla., May 9, 1889. He was appointed a sec brigadier-general, United States army, for gallantry ond lieutenant in the First United States Infantry, Feb. at the battle of Franklin, Tenn., and major-general, 13, 1818; promoted first lieutenant, Jan. 7, 1819; United States army, for services in the battle of Nashtransferred to the First Artillery, Nov. 16, 1821, and ville. In 1876 he succecded Gen. Gordon Granger back to the First Infantry, Dec. 21, 1822; promoted in command of the military department of Arizona, captain, May 14, 1825; major and paymaster, May 1, which included New Mexico, and his duties there 1833; lieutenant-colonel and transferred to the Second were both onerous and delicate by renson of the Indian Dragoons, Aug. 15, 1836; colonel, June 30, 1846; troubles. He was appointed a member, and was brigadier-general, June 14, 1858; and was retired, chosen President of the Ute Investigating Commissiou Aug. 1, 1863. He was brevetted colonel, Dec. 7, in the autumn of 1880, and after arranging a treaty 1840, for gallant and meritorious conduct in several with that tribe returned to New Mexion and took the engagements with Indians in Florida ; brigadier-gen- field against Victorio, the Apache chief. During his eral, April 18, 1847, for services in the Battle of Cerro entire military career he was noted as a uniformly Gordo; and major-general, March 13, 1865, for long successful cavalry officer and Indian fighter. and faithful service. His active service comprised Hayes, Luoy Webb, mistress of the White House, participation in the Black Hawk, Seminole, and Sioux born in Chillicothe, Ohio, Aug. 28, 1831; died in Fre Indian wars and the seizure of San Juan island dur- mont, Ohio, June 25, 1889. She was a granddaughter ing the Oregon boundary dispute with Great Britain, of Judge Isaac Cook, of Connecticut, and daughter of for which he was recalled from the command of the James Webb, M. D., and Maria Cook. She w** department of Oregon. At the time of his death he graduated at 'Wesleyan Female Seminary in 1852, was the oldest officer in the United States army. and married Rutherford B. Hayes in 1853. At the

Hartranft, John Frederick, soldier, born in New Han- beginning of the civil war her husband and two over, Montgomery County, Pa., Dec. 16, 1830; died brothers entered the national army, and from that in Norristown, Pa., Oct. i7, 1889. He was graduated time till the close of the war she made her homes at Union College in 1853, studied law and was ad- refuge for wounded, sick, and furloughed soldiers mitted to the bar in 1859, became deputy-sheriff while she spent two winters in camp with her husband in a law student, and was chosen colonel of the Norris Virginia, and joined him at Middletown, Md., atte

he had been wounded in the Battle of South Mount- when he resigned on account of his advanced liberal ain. Some time afterward she ministered to the sick opinions, published "The Religious Philosophy of and wounded in the hospital at Frederick City. Dur- the Jews,” and was appointed by the King of Holland ing her husband's term as a member of Congress she grand rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, in

remained in Washing- 1843. During the ensuing three years he was conton, and after he be- spicuous in the rabbinical conferences in Brunswick, came Governor of Ohio Frankfort, and Breslau. In 1866 he became rabbi of she was active in pro- the reformed congregation Kaneseth Israel in Philamoting State charities. delphia, and in 1869 was president of the rabbinical She was an organizer conference in that city, in which the principles of reof the Ohio Soldiers' formed Judaism were formulated. He remained in and Sailors' Orplians' Philadelphia till 1888, resigning the charge of his Home, and one of its congregation in 1887, after a service of fifty years in directors till it was the ministry, and then settled in Chicago. During made a State institu- his residence in Philadelphia he organized the Ortion. Throughout Mr. phans' Guardian Society, founded the first branch in Hayes's term as Presi- the United States of Israel Alliance, and was among dent she presided over the first advocates of the movement for observing the White House. She Jewish services on the Christian Sabbath in localities was noted for her where the necessity for such change appeared or was strong religious fervor felt, a principle established by the

National Rabbiniand her uncompromis- cal Convention of the Reformed Hebrew Church at

ing temperance princi- Pittsburg, Pa., in November, 1885. ples. On retiring from the White House in 1881, Hobart, John Henry, clergyman, born in New York she became deeply interested in the Women's Relief city, in October, 1817; died in Fishkill, N. Y., Aug. Corps, and served several years as President of the 31, 1889. He was the youngest son of Bishop Hobart Woman's Home Missionary Society of the Methodist of the Protestant Episcopal Church, was graduated at Episcopal Church. She was an honorary member of Columbia College in 1836, was ordained a priest in the Society of the Army of West Virginia.

the Protestant Episcopal Church in June, 1841, and Hazen, J. H., Daval hero, born in North Hero, Vt., was employed chiefly in mission work till 1848, when in 1799; died in Marshall I., Aug. 31, 1889. Early he was appointed assistant minister in Trinity Church, in 1813 he removed to Ohio, became associated with New York, where he remained till 1863. In 1872 hé Commodore Perry's company of ship builders, and attended the Old Catholic Congress in Cologne, Gerjoined the force on the flagship " Lawrence” for the many, as chaplain to Bishop, Whittingham, of Maryimpending fight. After the flagship was disabled in land. He was afterward chosen rector of Trinity action, he was one of the party that accompanied the Protestant Episcopal Church in Fishkill. He pubcommander in his perilous passage in an open boat lished " Instruction and Encouragement for Lent" from the “Lawrence” to the “Niagara," and in the (1859); “Mediævalism" and "Church Reform in subsequent action he received a bullet in his body Mexico" (1877); and edited his father's “ Festivals that be carried throughout his life.

and Fasts” (27th edition, 1862) and “The ClergyHill, Daniel Harvey, soldier, born in York District, man's Companion” (1863). S. C., July 12, 1821 ; died in Charlotte, N. C., Sept. Howard, Volney E., lawyer, born in, Norridgewock, 25, 1889. He was graduated at the United States Me., about 1805; died in Santa Monica, Cal., May 14, Military Academy in 1842, was commissioned brevet 1889. He was admitted to the bar in his native State, second lieutenant of artillery, and was assigned to duty and removed to Vicksburg, Miss., to practice in 1830. at Fort Kent, Me. In the Mexican War he distin- In 1837 he was appointed reporter to the Court of guished himself in the siege of Vera Cruz, the battles Errors and Appeals, and during his residence in Misof Cerro Gordo and Contreras, and the capture of Mexico sissippi he fought duels with Sargeant S. Prentiss city. In 1849 he resigned his commission to accept the and Alexander G. Nutt, and was editor of a Demoffice of Professor of Mathematics and Military Tactics ocratic newspaper in Vicksburg, "The Mississippiin Washington College, Virginia. Desiring a change an," for several years. He removed to Texas in 1847, of climate, he resigned in 1855; was Professor of Mathe- and in 1848 and 1850 was elected to Congress as a matics in Davidson College, North Carolina, from 1855 Democrat. After his congressional service he was till 1859, and was then elected President of the North sent by the President on a mission to California. In Carolina Military Institute at Charlotte, where he rc- 1856 he was in command of the militia in San Franmained until the beginning of the civil war. He cn- cisco when the attempt was made to suppress the tered the Confederate army as colonel of the First vigilance committee. He was author of " Mississippi North Carolina Regiment and participated in the first Law Reports, 1834–244," and with A. Hutchinson battle of the war at Big Bethel. He was commissioned compiled the “Statute Laws of Mississippi" (1840). major-general, took part in the battles around Rich Hunt, Henry Jackson,, soldier, born in Detroit, Mich., mond, and suffered severely in the Battle of Malvern Sept. 14, 1819; died in Washington, D. C., Feb. 11, Hill. In September, 1862, during the Maryland cam- 1889. His grandfather paign, he was ordered to guard the pass in the Blue and father were officers, near Boonesboro', and there sustained an ar- in the United States tillery attack for five hours, till Jackson had captured army, and he accomIlarper's Ferry and Lee had crossed the Potomac. In panied the latter on July, 1863, he was promoted lieutenant general. He the expedition to cstabwas transferred to the West to re-enforce Bragg, but lish Fort Leavenworth, was charged by that officer with disobedience of or Kan., in 1829. He was ders in the Battle of Chickamauga, and relieved of his graduated at the United command, which practically terminated his military States Military Acadecareer. After the war he became editor of a monthly my in 1839, and was magazine at Charlotte, N.C., “The Land we love"; appointed second lieuwrote " The Sermon on the Mount” and “ The Cru- tenant in the Second cifixion,” published by the Presbyterian Board of United States Artillery. Publication : edited “The Southern Home" news In the permanent espaper; and in 1877 was appointed President of the tablishment he Arkansas Industrial University.

promoted first lieutenHirsch, Samuel, rabbi, born near Triers, Germany, ant June 18, 1846 ; captain, Sept. 28, 1852 ; major in 1815, died in Chicago, III., May 14, 1889. He was and transferred to the Fifth United States Artillery, rabbi of'a congregation in Dessau from 1838 till 1842, May 14, 1861; lieutenant-colonel and transferred to



the Third United States Artillery, Aug. 1, 1863; and Philadelphia; the New York Tribune, and the colonel and reassigned to the Fifth Arcillery, April 4, "Anti-Slavery Standard," in New York. In 1865 1869; was brevetted captain for gallant and meritori- he became managing editor of the New York * Inous conduct in the battles of Contreras and Churu- dependent," remained there till 1871, then took charge busco, Aug. 20, 1847 ; major for Chapultepec, Sept. of the Weekly Tribune" till atter Mr. Greeley's 13, 1847; colonel for Gettysburg, July 3, 1863; and death ; was an 'associate on the Christian Union" brigadier-general for the siege of Petersburg and the three years ; proprietor and editor of the Orange, final campaign under Gen. Grant; and major-general N. J." Journal" several years; and from 1881 till for services in the field during the civil war, both within a few weeks of his death was actively engaged on March 18, 1865. He was retired Aug. 31, 1883. In on the New York "Evening Post." He published the volunteer service he was appointed colonel and " William Lloyd Garrison and his Times" (1880). aide-de-camp to Gen. McClellan, Sept. 28, 1861; pro Johnston, Alexander, educator, born in Brooklyn, N. moted brigadier-general, Sept. 15, 1862; brevetted Y., April 29, 1849, died in Princeton. N. J., Jely 21, major-general for services at Gettysburg and in the 1869. He was graduated at Rutgers College in 1870, Rapidan campaign, July 6, 1864; and was mustered was admitted to the bar in New Brunswick, N. J., out April 30, 1866. During his entire military career in 1876, taught three years in Rutgers College Gramhe served in the artillery, and throughout the civil mar School, and in 1879 was chosen principal of the war his labors in this line were conspicuous. He Latin school in Norwalk, Conn. In 1883 he became commanded the artillery on the extrenie left in the Professor of Jurisprudence and Political Economy in Battle of Bull Run, was chief of artillery in the de- Princeton College, and held the office till his death. fenses of Washington in 1861, organized the artillery Prof. Johnston was an enthusiastic student of Amerreserve of the Army of the Potomac and commanded ican history. His publications include * History of it in the campaign on the peninsula in 1862, and was American Politics" (1879); "The Genesis of a New chief of artillery in the Army of the Potomac from England State” and Connecticut" in the " Johns September, 1862, till the close of the war. In 1866 Hopkins University Series" (1884); “Representative he was appointed president of the permanent artil- American Orations, with an Outline of American lery board, and in 1885 governor of the Soldiers' Home Political History" (1885); " History of the United in Washington, D. C., holding the latter office till his States, tor Schools (1886); and “ History of Condeath. Besides a large number of technical papers necticut " for the “* American Commonwealth Series " in military periodicals, he published "Instruction for (1887). He had contributed to the ** Encyclopædia Field Artillery" (Philadelphia, 1860), and contributed Britannica,” and at the time of his death had comthree articles on the Battle of Gettysburg to the pleted - The United States : its history and Consti"Century" magazine (1886).

tution" (1889). Hunter, James Bradbridge, physician, born in Geneva, Johnston, John Warfield, lawyer, born in Panicello, N. Y., April 30, 1837; died in New York city, June Va., Sept. 9, 1818; died in Richmond, Va., Feb. 27 10, 1869. In 1862 he left his inedical studies and on 1889. He was educated at South Carolina college, tered the arıny as assistant surgeon of the 60th In- studied law in the University of Virginia, and was diana Volunteers, of which he subsequently became licensed to practice in 1839. In 1840 he removed to surgeon. After the war he removed to New York city Tazewell County, where he was appointed commonand was graduated at the College of Physicians and wealth's attorney. He held this office two years, Surgeons in 1866. He applied himself especially to was a State Senator in 1846–48, and was one of the diseases of women and to cancerous cases, became as bolting Democrats who voted for R. M. T. Hunter for sistant to Dr. T. Gaillard Thomas in the Women's United States Senator in the celebrated Smitb-Hunter Hospital, a physician to the New York Infirmary for

After the civil war he was appointed a Women and Children, professor in the New York judge of the circuit court of Virginia. He was elected Polyclinic School, a founder and physician in the United States Senator as a Conservative, in 1870, and New York Cancer Hospital, editor of the New York was re-elected in 1876. While in the Senate he “ Medical Journal," and member of the American served as member of the committees on transportaMedical Association, the County Medical Society, and tion routes to the seaboard, on patents, and the select the New York Obstetrical Society.

committee to take into consideration the election of Johnson, Oliver, journalist, born in Peacham, Vt., President and Vice-President, and was chairman of Dec. 27, 1809; died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Dec. il, the committee on agriculture, and of the joint select 1889. He was brought up on a farm and was ap- committee on the Yorktown Centennial

Celebration. prenticed to the printer's trade in the office of the Jones, Justin, journalist, born in Maine, in 1815;

* Vermont Watchinan." In 1829 he found employ; died in Cromwell, Conn., Feb. 19, 1889. He learned ment as a journeyman in Boston, and in 1831 joined the printer's trade in early life, remover! to Boston, Leonard W. Kimball in establishing the Christian and became proprietor of the "Boston Pearl and LitSoldier," a semi-monthly paper devoted to the pro- erary Gazette.” Removing to Greenfield, he became a motion of Universalism. While editing this paper he writer on the "Gazette" of that town, and in 18% began his career as an abolitionist, and his writings went to Cleveland, Ohio, and was first engaged in the and speeches were so effective that in 1833 he was book-selling business, and afterward established a induced to sell his interest in the paper and become printing office where the early numbers of the * Herassociated with William Lloyd Garrison in his anti- ald” were printed. About 1840 be returned to Bas slavery work. In 1832 he aided in organizing the ton, and was connected with various publications. New England Anti-Slavery Society, and in 1835 a among them the “Yankee Privateer" and the national society. In 1836 he began traveling through " Yankee Blade," contributing many stories under the New England and Middle States as lecturing agent the pen-name of'" Harry Hazel." He was for many of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and in Green- years a contributor to the " New York Weekly ville, R. I., was mobbed. In 1838 he bad editorial and the New York Tribune," and he served in the charge of the “Liberator", in 1840 he became asso Massachusetts Legislature. ciate editor of the National Anti-Slavery Standard” Jones, Roger, soldier, born in the District of Columin New York city ; in 1842 returned to Boston as the bia ; died in Fort Monroe, Va., Jan. 26, 1889. He correspondent of the “New York Tribune”; and in was graduated at the United States Military Acad. 1844 accepted Horace Greeley's invitation to become emy, July 1, 1847; brevetted second lieutenant in the assistant editor of the " Tribune." He held this office Mounted Rifles, July 1, 1851 ; and promoted second four years, and on resigning on account of failing lieutenant, May 24, 1852 ; first lieutenant, Jan. * health removed to Philadelphia and established the 1857 ; captain and assistant quarter-master, April 3, ** Republic," a free-soil paper. From 1848 till 1865 1861 ; major and assistant inspector-general, Nor. 19, he edited or assisted in editing the Practical Chris- 1861, lieutenant colonel, June 18. 1867: colonel and tian,” in Milford, Mass. ; the Anti-Slavery Bugle," inspector-general, Feb. 6, 1885; and brigadier-geben! in Salem, Ohio, the " Pennsylvania Freeman, in and inspector-general, Aug. 20, 1888. During his


career in the army he was cavalry instructor at the time he had a large and eart.est body of worshipers United States Military Academy, on trontier duty in about him, who erected a beautiful edifice, which took Texas, on the Gila Expedition, on Western frontier its name from its location, becoming the Citadel duty and in several Indian campaigns, and in con- Square Baptist Church. He was pastor of this society stant service through the civil war.

when, in 1860, the South Carolina secession coavenJuengling, Frederick, engraver on wood, born in New tion was held. Dr. Kendrick gives a vivid descripYork city, Oct. 8, 1846 ; diod there, Dec. 31, 1889. tion of this and of many other notable scenes in which He learned engraving on wood at an early aye, was he was a participant in an article published in the employed several years on the illustrated publicl- “ Atlantic Monthly" for October, 1889, entitled " A tions of Harper & Brothers and Frank Leslie; subse- Non-Combatant's War Reminiscences."' Of his own quently engraved many pictures for magazines and teeling, he writes :." After a moment of wavering inbook illustrations, and was one of the first engravers decision, my dissatisfaction with the whole Southern on wood to make a specialty of reproducing the spirit and policy became positive and deep. It goes artist's drawing in fac-simile. While engaged in en- without saying that, with these convictions and feelgraving, he began to study in the Students' Art ings, my position was anomalous, difficult, and, in a League, and there prepared himself for his later work qualified sense, painfully false. I was far, however, as an artist in water color and oil, subsequently add- from being alone in this contradictory and trying ing a season of study in Rome. He was a founder of situation.' The younger men of his church rushed the American Society of Wood Engravers, and its into the army. Old men, women, and children resecretary in 1881–82, was first vice-president of the mained, and he continued his ministrations among Student's Art League in 1882-'83, and received hon- them until, in 1862, non-combatants were warned to orable mention in the Paris Salon in 1881, and a leave the city, when he removed his family to Madisecond-class medal at the exhibition in Munich in son, Ga., where he soon accepted a call to act as pas1883. Among his notable engravings were " A Horse tor. The large academy of the place was also without Hospital," drawn by William Kelly; " The Pro a principal, and he consented to act in that capacity fessor," by Frank Duveneck; and “The Voice of the as well.' Of this residence he says: “It was an ideal Sea," by Arthur Quartley. His chief paintings were refuge amid the storm and stress of the time.” After “ The Intruder" (1884);"“ Westward Bound" (1884); the battles around Chattanooga, the academy was and "In the Street" (1886).

taken for a hospital. The close of hostilities found Kendrick, James Ryland, clergyman, born in Poult- Dr. Kendrick poor. His savings had been invested ney, Vt., April 21, 1821; died in Poughkeepsie, in bales of cotton, which the carelessly thrown match N. Y., Dec. 11, 1889. His father, the Rev. Clark of a Confederate soldier had destroyed. In NovemKendrick, a Baptist clergyman, was organizer and ber, 1865, he was called to the pastorate of the Taber

officerofthe Bap- nacle Baptist Church in New York city, where he tist educational remained seven years. In 1873 he removed to Poughand missionary keepsie, N. Y., where he built up a strong society, societies of Ver- whích, under his leadersbip, erected a fine edifice. mont. The son He also became connected with Vassar College, havwas graduated at ing a place in its executive board. His wife died in Brown Univer- 1878, and in 1880 he married Miss Georgia Avery: sity in 1840, de- In the following year he resigned his pastorate, and livering the clas- went abroad for a third time, making an extended sical oration. He visit. On his return he filled for a time the pulpit of went to the South the Mount Morris Church in Harlem. When in 1885 where three el- the presidency of Vassar College became vacant, he der brothers had accepted the post for one year at the urgent request of preceded him, the executive board, and won all hearts by the mantaught for two ner in which he discharged the trust. When the years in Georgia, place was filled by a permanent appointment, Dr. in 1842 was or- Kendrick took up his residence in Poughkeepsie, redained to the taining his interest both in his old church and in the Baptist ministry, college, in which by his will he endowed a scholarship. and soon after- While in Charleston, Dr. Kendrick edited “The ward became pas- Southern Baptist," and published a few pamphlets. tor of a church in He prepared in 1887, in connection with Prof. Fred.

Macon. He mar- erick L. Ritter, the "Woman's College Hymnal," ried Arabella Randall, daughter of a planter. In 1847 and he had contributed largely to the periodical press. he accepted a call from the First Baptist Church of Personally, he was a man of the rarest charms. To Charleston, S. C., which had been founded in 1683. physical beauty he added grace, elegance, and ease In 1883 the organization, which had outlived the civil of diction, gentleness, modesty, dignity, mirthfulness, war, a great fire, a cyclone, and an earthquake, held sincerity. The University of Rochester conferred the its two-hundredth anniversary. The biographer of degree of D. D. upon him in 1866. the occasion, the Rev. H. A. Tupper, says: " Dr. Kinney, Elizabeth Clementine, poet, born in New York Kendrick's pastorate was the prosperous one of this city, Dec. 18, 1810; died in Summit, N. J., Nov. 19, period. Perfect harmony prevailed; there were a 1889. She was the daughter of David L. Dodge, á number of revivals. The Sunday-school was vigor- New York merchant, a leader in Presbyterian circles, ous, and the negroes were instructed intelligently and and the author of several theological works. One of systematically. The building was renovated, and the Mrs. Kinney's brothers was William E. Dodge, the laws improved. Two churches were forined from the philanthropist; and through her mother, a daughter membership without the least discord. The liberality of Rev. Aaron Cleveland, she was related to Bishop of the church was unusual, especially for the cause of A. Cleveland Coxe, ex-President Cleveland, Col. temperance. The pastor was the most polished and Thomas W. Higginson, and the Boston family of popular man in the Charleston pulpit, but not more Channings. A portion of ber childhood was passed elegant than evangelical. He seemed to make the in Connecticut, where her father often resided whilo most of his own powers for the Master's use, and, superintending his business interests in that State. with a rare power of ruling without seeming to rule, In 1830 she married Edmund Burke Stedman, a merho so commanded the forces around him that the chant of Hartford, Conn., afterward major of the church was like an army in the thick of field action." Governor's Foot Guard in the latter city: She lived After he had remained with this church seven years, at Hartford until his death in 1836, and then removed it was thought best to form another important colony to her father's country house at Plainfield, N. J., from it, which Dr. Kendrick organized. In a short with her two sons, one of whom died in early man

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